Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1732
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Chen Tony Y H - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The study evaluates the effect of chronic usage, beyond the recommended maintenance schedule, on the efficacy of electromagnetic lithotripter. To our knowledge, there is no publication investigating the effect of chronic usage on the electromagnetic lithotripter, despite the maintenance schedule established by the manufacturers. Our goal is to verify ...
Razvi Sabooh - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To review our experience of PCNL in horse shoe kidneys. METHODS: Between June 2001 and January 2005 we performed PCNL in 16 Horse shoe kidneys in 14 patients with calculi, 2 patients had bilateral calculi. Percutaneous puncture was made with patient in prone position. Their ages ranged between 4 ...
Uchiyama Kazuhisa - - 2007
The long-term outcomes of 97 consecutive patients with hepatolithiasis, who underwent treatment from January 1971 to June 2006, were analyzed. The short-term outcomes included the rate of residual stones and complications after treatment, whereas the long-term results included the stone recurrence rate. In 22 of the 97 (22.7%) patients, residual ...
Chen Yang K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Clinical implementation of cholangioscopy for direct visual examination of bile ducts, tissue sampling, and therapeutic maneuvers has been slowed by limitations in available technology. With 4-way deflected steering and dedicated irrigation channels, the single-operator SpyGlass peroral cholangiopancreatoscopy system is designed to overcome some of these limitations. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate ...
Desai Mahesh - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of simultaneous bilateral percutaneous nephrolithotomy (SBPCNL) for bilateral renal calculus disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted from June 1996 to February 2006 involving 38 male and 7 female patients with a mean age of 44 years (range 5-73 years) with ...
Liatsikos E N - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of doxazosin in inducing spontaneous passage of stones in the distal ureter and to compare its efficacy according to the size of the stone. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy-three patients with a mean age of 46.38 +/- 10.17 years who presented with a distal-ureteral stone were ...
L'Esperance James O - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We investigate a ureteral stent with radially expanding baskets producing passive dilation of the ureter for passage, capture, and removal of small ureteral stones. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Polyurethane ureteral stents were slit to open 15 to 17 baskets along the length. The baskets are designed to dilate ...
Schmitz S - - 2008
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy is a rather new therapeutical method in the treatment of sialolithiasis. The objective was to evaluate retrospectively the results of the extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy therapy performed with a Minilith SL 1 lithotripter on 167 out-patients with symptomatic stones (average size 5.94 mm) of the salivary ...
Trinchieri Alberto - - 2007
Cystinuric patients frequently require stone removing procedures because of their high tendency to have recurrent urinary calculi. In the last 20 years the morbidity of stone treatment has been reduced by the introduction of endourologic procedures and shock wave lithotripsy (SWL), but cystine stones are not amenable to all minimally ...
Ng Chi-Fai - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of patient age on the stone-free rate (SFR) in patients with urinary calculi treated by extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, 2192 solitary radio-opaque urinary stones of 5-15 mm were identified in adult patients receiving primary ESWL. Patients were divided into three ...
Turna Burak - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Renal hemorrhage is one of the most common and worrisome complications of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). This study attempted to identify variables that might influence hemorrhage during PCNL to help urologists establish preventative and treatment strategies for bleeding during PCNL procedures. METHODS: The data of 193 patients (193 PCNL procedures) ...
Erturhan Sakip - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the activity of the therapeutic agents (tamsulosin and/or tolterodine) used to accelerate the expulsion of stones and to reduce the probable complications during observation of the medical treatment of distal ureteral stones to allow spontaneous passage. METHODS: A total of 120 patients with distal ureteral stones were ...
Polkowski M - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Diagnostic endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) is being replaced by endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) in patients with suspected bile duct stones. The assumption that such an approach is advantageous, however, has never been tested in a randomized trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 100 patients with intermediate probability of bile ...
Leykamm Lars - - 2007
PURPOSE: To study the intrarenal geometry of the lower-caliceal system in patients with and without residual fragments after extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) and to formulate a summarizing mathematical expression of relevant variables. PATIENTS AND METHOD: In a series of patients consecutively treated by SWL, we analyzed the geometric anatomy in ...
Kang David E - - 2007
PURPOSE: Citrus fruits and juices are a known natural source of dietary citrate. Of all the citrus juices, lemon juice appears to have the highest concentration of citrate. Therefore, lemonade therapy has been proposed as a potential treatment for patients with hypocitraturia. We retrospectively evaluated the impact of long-term lemonade ...
Numano─člu Varim - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Intraabdominal adhesion formation and prevention is one of the major conflicts of modern surgery. We aimed to determine the effects of powdered gloves versus powder-free gloves and hyaluronate/carboxymethylcellulose membrane (H/CMCm) in a rat caecal serosal abrasion model. METHODS: Sixty wistar albino rats were subjected to a standardized lesion by ...
Danuser Hansjörg - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) of lower calyx stones has been criticized because of the high incidence of residual fragments. Controversial results have been reported regarding the stone-free rate after ESWL depending on the influence of the collecting system anatomy on stone clearance. Therefore we evaluated our stone-free rate ...
Sinha M K - - 2007
Roux-en-Y bypass surgery is the most common bariatric procedure currently performed in the United States for medically complicated obesity. Although this leads to a marked and sustained weight loss, we have identified an increasing number of patients with episodes of nephrolithiasis afterwards. We describe a case series of 60 patients ...
Lee Tung-Yen - - 2007
AIM: Surgical and nonsurgical procedures for management of hepatolithiasis have been reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate immediate and long-term results of hepatectomy as treatment for hepatolithiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Immediate and long-term outcomes of 123 consecutive patients who underwent hepatectomy for hepatolithiasis at our institution from ...
Sofer Mario - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess the outcome of pediatric patients treated by ureteroscopy for various pathologic findings. METHODS: A total of 31 children (median age 5 years, range 0.3 to 14) were ureteroscopically treated for ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) (n = 6, 1 primary and 5 secondary), ureteral strictures (n = 4), ...
Hinton Devon E - - 2007
This article discusses a culturally specific response to traumatic events: orthostatic panic attacks among Vietnamese refugees. We compared the rate and severity of orthostatic panic as well as the rates and severity of associated flashbacks a month before and a month after September 11, 2001. After that date, the rate ...
el-Assmy Ahmed - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relation between the degree of stone-induced hydronephrosis and the outcome of shock wave lithotripsy in patients with distal ureter stones. METHODS: A total of 215 patients with a solitary distal ureter stone with or without hydronephrosis were treated with shock wave lithotripsy. The degree of hydronephrosis ...
Gupta Pawan Kumar - - 2007
PURPOSE: To study the efficiency and safety of holmium:YAG laser lithotripsy for ureteral stones. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A series of 188 patients with 208 ureteral stones were treated with semirigid ureteroscopy and holmium:YAG laser lithotripsy from January 2003 to December 2005. Of the stones, 116 were lower ureteral, 37 middle ...
Park Seong Jin - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of manual reduction of torsion of an intrascrotal appendage under ultrasonographic monitoring. METHODS: Fifteen boys with torsion of an intrascrotal appendage, confirmed by scrotal ultrasonography and clinical status, were included in the study. The boys were 6 ...
Ritzén E Martin - - 2007
AIM: To reach consensus among specialists from the Nordic countries on the present state-of-the-art in treatment of undescended testicles. METHODS: A group of specialists in testicular physiology, paediatric surgery/urology, endocrinology, andrology, pathology and anaesthesiology from all the Nordic countries met for two days. Before the meeting, reviews of the literature ...
Seitz Christian - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: In delayed extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) treatment, increasing stone impaction is associated with delayed stone clearance. Whether colic patients treated by rapid ESWL have the same time to stone clearance as noncolic patients, which supports the thesis that stones in both groups are nonimpacted, has not been investigated ...
Weiland Derek - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of a slow gated treatment rate on the efficacy of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From August 1990 to July 2002, 40,462 SWL procedures were performed using the slow frequency electrocardiography (ECG)-gated lithotripter (82.5%) and fast frequency ECG-ungated (17.5%) modes for the Medstone ...
Wadhwa Pankaj - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) is a safe and efficacious modality for pediatric urolithiasis. Recent reports claim good results even with larger stone burdens, irrespective of stone location. We reviewed the outcomes of SWL in the pediatric population at our center to assess the impact of stone burden and ...
Asplin John R - - 2007
PURPOSE: Nephrolithiasis and renal failure secondary to severe hyperoxaluria were complications of jejunoileal bypass for obesity, leading to the discontinuation of this procedure in the United States in 1980. Bariatric procedures currently in use have not been adequately evaluated for this complication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared 24-hour urine chemistry ...
Pytte Morten - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Rhythm analysis with current semi-automatic external defibrillators (AEDs) requires mandatory interruptions of chest compressions that may compromise the outcome after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). We hypothesised that interruptions would be shorter when the defibrillator was operated in manual mode by trained and certified ambulance personnel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen pairs ...
Dahlgren James - - 2007
Exposure to toxins following the September 11, 2001 attack on and collapse of the World Trade Center (WTC) is of particular concern given the ultra fine particulate dust cloud, high temperature combustion, and months-long fire. Firefighters, paramedics, police and sanitation crews are among the approximately 40000 personnel who labored for ...
Mohkam Masoumeh - - 2007
Urinary tract calculi have been reported to account for between 1 in 1,000 and 1 in 7,600 hospital admissions in children in the USA. The annual incidence of urolithiasis in patients older than 10 years is 109 per 100,000 of the population in men and 36 per 100,000 of the ...
Rizvi Syed
<b>Objectives:</b> To describe an evaluation protocol for pediatric stone formers for risk assessment and management strategies. <b> Materials and Methods:</b> Between 2002-2006, 2618 children of age three months to 15 years were evaluated for stone disease. Evaluation included demographics, history, anthropometry, diet, ultrasound, X-ray KUB, IVU, blood and 24h urine ...
Karlsen Steinar J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To establish the best treatment modality in our hospitals for patients with proximal-ureteral calculi 5 to 10 mm, we compared the treatment outcome in those who underwent primary ureteroscopy (URS) with that in patients who underwent primary in-situ SWL. The primary endpoints were stone-free rates at 3 weeks and ...
Morris-Stiff G J - - 2007
Aims. To determine the prevalence of bactibilia in patients undergoing cholecystectomy and to relate the presence or absence of organisms to the preoperative and postoperative course. Patients and methods. Patients undergoing cholecystectomy under the care of a single consultant surgeon during a continuous 5-year period were identified from a prospectively ...
Dogan Hasan Serkan - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the infectious complications, microorganism distribution and antibacterial treatment in patients who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Three hundred and thirty-eight patients who were 17 years age or older who underwent PCNL between January 2001 and December 2002 have been evaluated retrospectively. Urine cultures obtained before, ...
Akay Ali Ferruh - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: In the present study, we investigated the effects of the Body Mass Index (BMI), the Body Fat Percentage (BFP), and the Body Fat Mass (BFM) on success of SWL, prospectively. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The BMI, BFP, BFM values of patients, who were treated by SWL due to upper urinary ...
Sabeti Manuel - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal shock-wave therapy is recommended for calcifying tendinitis, and navigated low-energy therapy has given better results than biofeedback localization. This investigation was planned to analyze whether the outcome of navigated low-energy shock-wave therapy can be improved by raising energy flux density to middle-energy levels. The clinical and radiological differences ...
Triantafyllidis A - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate effectiveness and safety of intracorporeal holmium:YAG (Ho:YAG) laser lithotripsy of ureteral calculi. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between October 2003 and September 2005, 45 patients (age range 27-74, mean age 51.5 years) with 49 ureteral stones (measuring 4-28 mm in size) were treated with Ho:YAG laser lithotripsy. The locations ...
Li Wei-Ming - - 2007
AIM: To determine efficacy and clinical predictors of stone fragmentation when using slow-rate shock wave lithotripsy (SWL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In total, 116 patients with radiopaque urinary tract stones were randomized into two groups: 57 patients were treated with SWL at 90 shocks/min, and 59 patients were treated with SWL ...
Watanabe Hidetaka - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to evaluate the therapeutic outcome and early postoperative complications, especially pancreatitis, of endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD) and endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) in patients with common bile duct stones in our department. METHODS: One hundred eighty patients with common bile duct stones were randomized to undergo ...
Polle Sebastiaan W - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the feasibility of a fast-track (FT) program and it's effect on postoperative recovery. METHODS: All patients, scheduled for elective segmental colorectal resection were treated in a FT program (FT group). Data were compared to a control group operated for elective colorectal resections and treated in a traditional ...
Salman Muwafak - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To define the factors that affect the success rate of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) for the treatment of ureteric stones. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2000 and December 2003, 468 patients with ureteric stones underwent in situ ESWL using Storz SL 20 lithotriptor. The results of treatment were ...
Tsujino Takeshi - - 2007
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The long-term outcomes of endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD) for bile duct stone removal are not well known. METHODS: A total of 1000 patients with bile duct stones were treated with EPBD. After assessing immediate outcomes, patients were followed up for late biliary complications. RESULTS: Complete bile ...
Tavakkoli Tabasi Kamyar - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the results and complications of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) plus retrograde ureteroscopic lithotripsy using laser and pneumatic lithotriptors with SWL monotherapy for renal pelvic calculi between 2 cm and 3 cm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 55 patients with ...
El-Assmy Ahmed - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a prospective randomized study to investigate the relation between the degree of stone-induced hydronephrosis and the outcome of extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL) in patients with lumbar ureter stones. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 284 patients with solitary lumbar ureter stones with or without hydronephrosis were treated ...
Tabibi Ali - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Since the introduction of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), many changes have been added regarding the entrance to pyelocalyceal system such as insertion of the needle pointed to an opaque stone as a guided landmark. We aim at comparing the outcomes of managing renal calculi with and without retrograde pyelography. MATERIALS ...
Jou Yeong-chin - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of high-power holmium-yttrium-aluminum-garnet (YAG) laser lithotripsy for percutaneous nephrolithotomy in patients with large renal stones. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 87 patients who underwent 91 percutaneous nephrolithotomy procedures at our hospital from April 2004 to June 2005, during which a holmium-YAG ...
de Brito Luciana V R - - 2007
Seawater is a complex corrosive system, and biofouling is one of the factors that influences corrosion processes. The behaviour of corrosion associated with the development of macrofouling was investigated during the first 6 months of the successional process. Three treatments were compared: the 'Control' treatment (absence of macrofouling); 'Community' treatment, ...
Turna Burak - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Studies reporting the outcome of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in relation to stone burden and configuration are limited. We analyzed our stone-free and complication rates of PCNL with regard to stone surface area and configuration. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data of 234 patients who underwent PCNL were analyzed retrospectively. ...
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