Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1730
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Shaikh Aatif Hassan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare morbidity and stone clearance by ureteroscopy carried out under spinal anaesthesia with that carried out under general anaesthesia. STUDY DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The study was conducted at the Kidney Centre, Postgraduate Training Institute, Karachi, from September 2005 to December 2006. PATIENTS AND ...
Agrawal Madhu S - - 2008
PURPOSE: We present a randomized study of tubeless or nephrostomy-free percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), a modification of the standard technique, compared with standard PCNL to evaluate the role of tubeless PCNL in minimizing postoperative discomfort and reducing duration of hospital stay. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two hundred and two patients undergoing PCNL ...
Manohar T - - 2008
PURPOSE: We prospectively compared the results of the Swiss LithoClast System with the holmium: yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Ho:YAG) laser for ureteral lithotripsy for management of upper ureteral stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty patients were randomized to two groups: LithoClast classic 2 (n = 25) and Ho:YAG laser (n = 25) between January ...
De Sio Marco - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To compare operative time, safety, and effectiveness of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in the supine versus prone position in a prospective randomized trial. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From October 2005 to June 2007, 75 patients (33 men, 42 women; mean age, 39.3 yr) were prospectively enrolled and randomly divided into group A ...
Perlmutter Adam E - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether stone location affects the stone-free rates of endoscopic lithotripsy for nephrolithiasis. METHODS: From January 2002 to August 2006, 245 patients with 272 stones, ranging from 4 to 20 mm in size, underwent ureteroscopy (URS) with laser lithotripsy at West Virginia University Hospital. The patients were followed ...
Marks Wojciech - - 2008
Although low-energy extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) is widely used to treat a variety of soft tissue disorders, no precise algorithm has been accepted in clinical management. Furthermore, the clinical use of a new generation pneumatic device has not yet been evaluated. We performed a double blind randomised controlled trial ...
Karadag Mert Ali - - 2008
PURPOSE: Stricture formation and obstruction are rare but significant complications after ureteroscopy (URS), and there are controversial studies regarding follow-up. Our study sought to determine the appropriate follow-up for patients without complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 323 patients were treated with URS for removal of ureteric stones, and ...
Tiselius Hans-Göran - - 2008
PURPOSE: To analyze results of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) for treatment of ureteral stones with two modern lithotripters. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A consecutive series of 598 patients with ureteral stones was treated with the Modulith SLX Classic and Modulith SLX-F2 lithotripters. The mean (SD) age of the patients was 54 ...
Namsupak James - - 2008
Encrusted cystitis is a rare chronic inflammatory condition of the bladder. The case of a male patient with dysuria and gross hematuria accompanied by the passage of stone fragments is presented. Multimodal therapy was undertaken. He was treated with Renacidin (citric acid mixture) irrigation as an inpatient. One month later, ...
Basiri Abbas - - 2008
PURPOSE: Achieving access to the pyelocaliceal system in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is routinely performed using fluoroscopic guidance. We compared ultrasonography-guided access for PCNL with conventional fluoroscopy-guided access. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a clinical trial, 100 patients with no abnormality of the upper urinary tract were selected from among candidates for ...
Crook Tim J - - 2008
PURPOSE: To establish if totally tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is a safe management technique. PCNL is a well-established option for upper tract stones. The procedure traditionally concludes with the placement of a nephrostomy drainage tube but in those patients in whom there has been minimal blood loss and complete stone ...
Gunlusoy Bulent - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and complications of pneumatic lithotripsy (PL) in the treatment of ureteral stones in different locations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From February 2001 to October 2006, a total of 1296 patients underwent PL for treatment of ureteral stones. Of these patients, 471 (36.4%) were women and 825 ...
Abdelrahim Ahmed F - - 2008
PURPOSE: To analyze some of the factors that may be associated with a higher incidence of complications during management of ureteral stones by rigid ureteroscopy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed all ureteroscopic interventions aimed at stone extraction and/or fragmentation in our institution from 2001 through 2005. A total of 442 ...
Lehman Daniel S - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare the efficiency and cost effectiveness of a combined pneumatic and ultrasonic lithotrite (Lithoclast Ultra) and a standard ultrasonic lithotrite, (LUS-1) during percutaneous nephrolithotomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective randomized trial, 30 patients undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) were randomized to PCNL with either the combined pneumatic and ...
Pattaras John G - - 2008
PURPOSE: Hepatic insufficiency is a medically debilitating disease state, resulting in coagulopathy, malnutrition and immunological suppression. Before and after liver transplantation patients are at increased risk for urolithiasis due to nutritional factors, acidosis and hyperoxaluria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our experience with endourological procedures for nephrolithiasis in hepatic ...
Breda Alberto - - 2008
PURPOSE: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy has been the standard of care for intrarenal calculi greater than 2 cm. Flexible ureteroscopy with holmium laser lithotripsy is a minimally invasive treatment modality that is able to treat large intrarenal calculi with the potential to decrease morbidity, while maintaining a high level of efficacy. MATERIALS ...
Katsinelos P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: When common bile duct (CBD) stones cannot be removed after conventional endoscopic techniques or mechanical lithotripsy, biliary stenting serves for further planned endoscopic attempt of stone removal or operation. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) or placebo plus endoprostheses on stones' ...
Bieber Christiane - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a condition of chronic widespread pain that is difficult to control and is associated with strains in physician-patient interaction. Shared decision making (SDM) can be a potential solution to improve interaction. We evaluated the effects of an SDM intervention, including an SDM communication training program ...
Bowman R J C - - 2008
We estimated the proportion of patients reaching a pediatric ophthalmology unit (Comprehensive Community Based Rehabilitation for Tanzania Disability Hospital, CCBRT) or an oncology unit (ORCI) in east Africa and investigated presentation, histology, and treatment outcomes of patients with retinoblastoma. A 5-year retrospective study identified 91 patients, representing approximately 18% of ...
Kratzer Wolfgang - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The management of coincidental detected gallbladder polyps (GP) is still nebulous. There are few published data regarding their long-term growth. Objective of the present study was to investigate the prevalence and growth of gallbladder polyps in a survey of unselected subjects from the general population of a complete rural ...
Chen Yang K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage liver disease have an increased risk of symptomatic gallstone disease, as well as complications associated with cholecystectomy. We hypothesized that peroral transpapillary cholecystoscopy with electrohydraulic lithotripsy of gallbladder stones is technically feasible and beneficial in patients who are high operative risks. DESIGN: Observational, descriptive. PATIENTS: Patients ...
Etemadian Masoud - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: We present our experience in continuing percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) versus delayed PCNL when purulent fluid is aspirated during access to the pyelocaliceal system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized controlled study was carried out on patients who had purulent urine in the pyelocaliceal system at the initial puncturing during PCNL. ...
Hsiao Ju-Feng - - 2008
The typical creatine kinase (CK) isoenzymes include CK-BB, CK-MB, and CK-MM. Macro CK type 1, one of the atypical CK enzymes, has been identified in human serum, but the clinical significance still remains uncertain. In our laboratory, 105 patients who expressed serum macro CK isoenzyme type 1 were identified from ...
Shah Hemendra N - - 2008
PURPOSE: To present our initial experience of tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in patients with previous ipsilateral open renal surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients with previous ipsilateral open renal surgery underwent tubeless PCNL at our institute. Patients with large renal and/or upper ureteral calculi, irrespective of the number and size ...
Tugcu Volkan - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to investigate the effects of previous open nephrolithotomy on technical features, outcomes, and morbidities of subsequent percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). METHODS: One hundred and sixty patients underwent PCNL between December 2004 and September 2006. The patients were divided into those who had previous open nephrolithotomy on the ...
Pedro Renato N - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the success rates and efficiency of ureterolithotripsy (URL) and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) for proximal ureteric stones. CASUISTRY AND METHODS: A prospective non-randomized study was performed between 1999 and 2004. Of a total of 235 patients, 121 underwent SWL and 114 had ureteroscopy with ultrasonic lithotripsy. ...
Wadhera Sushant - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) outcomes as a solo therapy in patients with upper ureteral calculi and varying degrees of hydronephrosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty patients with upper ureteral calculi and a body mass index between 19.5 kg/m2 and 22.5 kg/m2 ...
Tuğcu Volkan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether stone dimension is a restrictive factor for ureterorenoscopic procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A group of 416 patients who had undergone ureterorenoscopic pneumatic lithotripsy (URS-PL) for lower ureteral stones between January 1999 and June 2006 in our clinic had been evaluated retrospectively. Two hundred and seventy (270, ...
Chang Cheng-Chiang - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The condition intractable hiccup (IH) is generally an incapacitating disorder indicating neurologic or non-neurologic disorders. Linearly polarized, near-infrared irradiation (SL) is shown to be effective in the treatment of IH where it is applied on custom-set acupoints. The aim of this study was to investigate the treatment efficacy of ...
Dhar Nivedita Bhatta - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of ileal bladder substitutes with preservation of the ileocecal valve and distal 25 cm of ileum on nephrolithiasis. METHODS: We reviewed a consecutive series of 518 patients (44 women and 474 men) with ileal orthotopic bladder substitution in whom 55 to 65 cm of ileum ...
Basiri Abbas - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive treatment of ureteral calculi in children is a challenging topic. In an evidence-based review, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) and ureteroscopic modalities for this group of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we performed a comprehensive systematic review on ...
Srirangam Shalom J - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Most series of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) from single specialised centres represent optimum results achievable and may not reflect outcomes of everyday practice. We analysed the practice in our region. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Medical records of 178 patients undergoing PCNL in 2002 in 12 participating hospital trusts were retrospectively analysed. ...
Rabbani Sayed Mohammad Reza - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) is an essential treatment for urinary calculi, but Post-SWL steinstrasse is a potential complication, especially in large-burden calculi. Our purpose was to evaluate the efficacy of transureteral lithotripsy (TUL) in the treatment of steinstrasse caused by SWL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four patients with steintrasse ...
Ogan Kenneth - - 2008
The incidence of ureteral injuries is on the rise. Endoscopic treatment of long distal ureteral strictures is associated with poor success rates, and open ureteral reimplantation is a potentially morbid surgical procedure. The objective of this study was to review our early results with laparoscopic ureteral reimplantation. Between May 2004 ...
Wang Chung-Jing - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical role of an alpha(1a-1d)-specific blocker in the medical expulsive therapy of symptomatic lower ureteral stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study was carried out from May 2005 to December 2006 and involved 95 patients. All patients, who had symptomatic lower ureteral stones <10 mm diameter, ...
Jameel M - - 2008
The aim of this study was the assessment of patient outcome, peri-operative complications, length of stay and duration of operation after laparoscopic primary closure of the common bile duct (CBD) compared with choledochotomy with T-tube drainage and trans-cystic exploration. Analysis of prospectively collected data on 71 explorations of the common ...
Lee Sang-Cheol - - 2008
PURPOSE: Recent studies have suggested an increased prevalence of urolithiasis and recurrence associated with obesity. We assessed the influence of obesity on stone risk factors as well as on stone recurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A database of patient history, body mass index, and serum and urine chemistry was analyzed for ...
Al-Ba'adani Tawfik H - - 2008
PURPOSE: We present our experience with tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between July 2004 and December 2006, 121 patients (82 males and 39 females) with 18-70 mm (mean 31.19 mm) renal stones underwent tubeless PCNL leaving only a 6 Fr externalized ureteric catheter. Their ages ranged between 4 ...
Sheir Khaled Z - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To asses the efficacy and safety of bidirectional synchronous twin-pulse extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) compared with standard ESWL. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between March 2003 and December 2006, 240 patients with a radio-opaque single renal stone of <or=25 mm were randomized to treatment either by the Twinheads (TH) lithotripter ...
Hosseini Seyed Reza - - 2007
PURPOSE: We evaluated the impact of fasting on the effectiveness of shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) in patients with renal calculi. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was a randomized controlled trial for patients with renal stones. Between May 2005 and November 2006, patients (n = 97) with a single radio-opaque renal stone ...
Green Todd D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to determine whether patients seen in a referral clinic are experiencing initial allergic reactions to peanuts earlier, compared with a similar population profiled at a different medical center 10 years ago, and to investigate other changes in clinical characteristics of the patients between the 2 groups. ...
Cruz Antonio M - - 2007
Objective-To determine characteristics, incidence rate, and possible associations with selected demographic characteristics of catastrophic musculoskeletal injuries (CMIs) in Thoroughbred racehorses. Animals-76 Thoroughbreds with CMIs. Procedures-Incidence rates of CMIs during racing or training were calculated with number of CMIs as the numerator and overall numbers of races or training events during ...
Bapat Shivadeo S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the success rates and complications of Lithoclast and holmium laser-assisted ureterorenoscopy (URS) in managing upper-ureteral stones. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the records of 394 patients with upper-ureteral stone who underwent ureteroscopic lithotripsy at our institution from January 2000 to December 2005. In 193 patients (mean ...
Demirci Deniz - - 2007
PURPOSE: In this clinical study, our aim was to evaluate the results of conventional and step-wise shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) in the management of urinary calculi. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty consecutive patients seen in our outpatient urology clinic were included and randomized in the clinical study. SWL was performed using a ...
Karami Hossein - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Our aim was to evaluate the safety, effectiveness, and feasibility of tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From June 2000 to September 2005, 201 patients with renal stones >2 cm underwent tubeless PCNL by a single surgeon. We report details of the outcomes. RESULTS: The complete ...
Masci E - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: To study the effectiveness of endoscopic treatment for biliary stones in a large case list of patients treated in units with different experience and different workloads in a region of northern Italy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We prospectively studied 700 patients undergoing endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography or sphincterotomy, ...
Hoexter M Q - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Kleine-Levin syndrome (KLS) is a rare disorder whose pathophysiological mechanisms remain unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS: To investigate dopamine abnormalities in KLS, a [99mTc]-TRODAT-1 single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) was performed in a patient with KLS during the asymptomatic period and compared with three matched healthy controls. RESULTS: The ...
Kosan Murat - - 2008
Suture materials are widely used in urological surgery especially in regions that are in contact with urine. In this study, we aimed to compare polyglactine 910, chromed catgut and polydioxanone sutures according to stone formation and inflammation, congestion and foreign body reaction that occur on bladder mucosa. Cystotomy procedure was ...
Furia John P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: High-energy extracorporeal shock wave therapy has been shown to be an effective treatment for chronic insertional Achilles tendinopathy. The results of high-energy shock wave therapy for chronic noninsertional Achilles tendinopathy have not been determined. HYPOTHESIS: Shock wave therapy is an effective treatment for noninsertional Achilles tendinopathy. STUDY DESIGN: Case ...
Semins Michelle Jo - - 2008
PURPOSE: Although experimental evidence suggests that the rate of shock wave delivery can affect the outcome of shock wave lithotripsy, clinical studies produce conflicting results. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to define the effect of shock wave rate on the outcome of shock wave lithotripsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >