Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1732
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Lee Courtney - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of a radiographer's learning curve on extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) efficacy. METHODS: Five registered technologists who were certified to assist in SWL procedures but had no prior lithotripter experience were evaluated during a 4-year period. Stone-free (no residual ...
Aghamir Seyed Mohammad Kazem - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To assess the outcome and safety of the totally tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy in renal anomalies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During a prospective clinical trial from December 2002 to November 2006, 60 patients with renal anomalies and nephrolithiasis were included in our study. The anomalies consisted of the horseshoe kidney, rotational ...
Anagnostou Theodore - - 2008
AIM: To evaluate whether the overall safety and efficacy profile of percutaneous surgery for urinary stone disease in older (>70 years) patients might influence the decision for the procedure in the elderly. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A large database was created from our patients (n = 1058) who underwent percutaneous surgery ...
Ito Yukiko - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD) is a possible alternative to endoscopic sphincterotomy for the treatment of bile duct stones. However, little information is available in the elderly. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of EPBD for bile duct stones in patients of 85 years of ...
Ertmer Christian - - 2008
Arginine vasopressin and terlipressin increase mean arterial pressure and reduce catecholamine requirements in septic shock patients. Infusing either agent may reduce incidence of new-onset tachyarrhythmias and improve renal function. The recent Vasopressin and Septic Shock Trial did not demonstrate an overall survival benefit of arginine vasopressin infusion (0.03 U/min) compared ...
Mufarrij Patrick W - - 2008
PURPOSE: The introduction of the da Vinci Surgical System to perform complex reconstructive procedures, such as repair of ureteropelvic junction obstruction, has helped to overcome some of the technical challenges associated with laparoscopy. We review our large multi-institutional experience with long-term followup of robotic dismembered pyeloplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A ...
Argyropoulos Athanasios N - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To identify the effect of the presence of a ureteric stent on the outcome of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL), by comparing patients with ureteric stones with matched-pair analysis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients undergoing ESWL with the Sonolith Vision lithotripter (Technomed Medical Systems, Vaulx-en-Velin, France) were identified from our prospectively ...
Kushi Hidehiko - - 2008
This study had two purposes. One was to assess gastric intramucosal pH (pHi) after early goal-directed therapy in patients with sepsis and septic shock. The other was to determine whether direct hemoperfusion with a polymyxin B fiber column (DHP-PMX) could improve the pHi if it remained low after early goal-directed ...
Schummer Claudia - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Severe anaphylaxis can be associated with cardiovascular collapse that is difficult to manage and does not respond to treatment with epinephrine. Because anaphylaxis is uncommon, unpredictable and may be fatal, a prospective, randomized, controlled trial in humans on the best management is difficult and guidelines are based on theory ...
Husted Daniel S - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. OBJECTIVES: To determine the success rate and duration of relief of repeat radiofrequency neurotomy (RFN) for cervical facet joint pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: RFN is an effective but temporary management of cervical facet pain. When pain recurs, RFN is usually repeated, but the outcomes ...
Roh Jong-Lyel - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of intraoral stone removal and sialodochoplasty in 59 patients with hilar submandibular stones. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifty-four patients underwent complete stone removal without significant complications, and five had unsuccessful removal of stones. The 54 patients with successful stone removal ...
Tayib Abdulmalik M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the efficacy of shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) in the primary treatment of 1647 patients with renal calculi using a Dornier Doli U/50 lithotripter. METHODS: One thousand and six hundred forty-seven patients underwent SWL as day-cases at King Abdulaziz University Hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia between October 2001 ...
Ibrahim Hamdy M - - 2008
PURPOSE: We determined the differences in outcome between ureteral stenting and nonstenting following uncomplicated ureteroscopy for distal ureteral stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 220 patients treated with successful ureteroscopy for distal ureteral stones were randomized to 2 equal groups according to postoperative placement of a ureteral stent (Cook ...
Zehri Ali A - - 2008
PURPOSE: We studied the efficacy of lidocaine jelly instillation proximal to the ureteral stone during intracorporeal lithotripsy using a semirigid ureteroscope for the prevention of retrograde migration and improvement in stone-free rate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From November 2006 to September 2007, 50 patients with 5 to 18 mm ureteral stones ...
Tam K F - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine, in patients who have undergone bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy for gynecological cancer, the incidence of lymphocyst formation, their change in size with time, risk factors and correlation with symptoms. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study of 108 patients undergoing bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy for gynecological cancer in our ...
Basiri Abbas - - 2008
PURPOSE: To present totally ultrasonography-guided percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in the flank position, its preliminary results, and the practical considerations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2007 until July 2007, a total of 30 candidates for PCNL (22 men and 8 women), with a mean age of 40.69 +/- 13.9 years (range ...
Leone Stephanie S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Outcomes in burnout and prolonged fatigue have hardly been compared in longitudinal research, despite several similarities such as the importance of fatigue symptoms in both conditions. This study aims to assess and compare the course of burnout and prolonged fatigue in the working population. METHODS: Prospective data from the ...
Falahatkar Siavash - - 2008
PURPOSE: To assess the outcome and safety of tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) to treat patients with staghorn stones. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between March 2006 and March 2007, 75 patients underwent 82 PCNLs at our hospital. Of that total, 42 procedures were done without a nephrostomy tube (tubeless group) and 40 ...
Eze K C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The study was designed to find out the radiation protection practices of radiologists and other staff involved in the first extra-corporeal shock wave lithotripsy in Nigeria, performed at Igbinedion Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Okada. METHODOLOGY: Some members of staff who were present when the extra-corporeal shock wave lithotripsy ...
Maghsoudi Robab - - 2008
To study the treatment of ureteric stones by HO:YAG laser lithotripsy and pneumatic lithotripsy and to evaluate the results of the two treatment modalities to assess effectiveness and complications. Over 1-year period, a total of 79 patients with 82 ureteral stones were randomized into two groups. In group 1 (39 ...
Gupta N P NP Department of Urology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. - - 2008
To assess the efficacy, safety, and morbidity of tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) and compare it with standard PCNL. A total of 135 patients (140 renal units) undergoing tubeless PCNL (group 1) from June 2000 to September 2007 were compared with a similar group of 185 (194 renal units) patients undergoing ...
El-Nahas Ahmed R - - 2008
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the supracostal approach for percutaneous nephrolithotomy in pediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 60 percutaneous nephrolithotomy procedures done in 50 children (32 boys and 18 girls) between 2000 and 2007. Mean patient age was 7 +/- ...
Crook T J - - 2008
PURPOSE: We established whether totally tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy with no nephrostomy or ureteral stent is a safe management technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were randomized to have a nephrostomy placed (group 1 control) or none (group 2 treatment). A total of 25 patients were randomized to each group. Cases were ...
Sterrett Samuel P - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Acetazolamide has been proposed as a treatment adjunct for patients with cystine and uric acid stone formation recalcitrant to standard alkalization therapy. We evaluated the effect of acetazolamide in urinary alkalization in patients with uric acid and cystine stone formation recalcitrant to potassium citrate alone. METHODS: An institutional review ...
Park Do Joong do - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG) was originally a treatment option in gastric ulcer surgery and is now being performed as a limited surgery in some early gastric cancer cases. This study was designed to evaluate the postoperative functional characteristics of PPG versus conventional distal gastrectomy with Billroth I anastomosis (BI). METHODS: ...
Miller Nicole L - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Large or complex calculi within a horseshoe kidney can present a challenge because many cases are associated with other aberrant anatomy. We performed a study to define the outcome of patients with a horseshoe kidney who were treated with percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From August ...
Romanowsky Igor - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric renal calculus disease has been considered a management dilemma. The various treatment modalities have different effects on the growing kidney, with concern to the significant recurrence rate, and the long-term outcome. We report our experience with performing percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) monotherapy in staghorn or complex pediatric renal calculi. ...
Barlow Jos - - 2008
The only fully coupled land-atmosphere global climate model predicts a widespread dieback of Amazonian forest cover through reduced precipitation. Although these predictions are controversial, the structural and compositional resilience of Amazonian forests may also have been overestimated, as current vegetation models fail to consider the potential role of fire in ...
Cima Robert R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Incidence of retained foreign objects (RFOs) after operations is unknown, as many can go unrecognized for years. We reviewed the incidence and characteristics of surgical RFO events at a tertiary care institution during 4 years. STUDY DESIGN: All RFO events, near misses and actual, reported on an adverse event ...
Kim Tae-Hyeon - - 2008
AIM: To study the efficacy and the safety of laser lithotripsy without direct visual control by using a balloon catheter in patients with bile duct stones that could not be extracted by standard technique. METHODS: The seventeen patients (7 male and 10 female; mean age 67.8 years) with difficult common ...
Lloyd Michael S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Brief interruptions in chest compressions reduce the efficacy of resuscitation from cardiac arrest. Interruptions of this type are inevitable during hands-off periods for shock delivery to treat ventricular tachyarrhythmias. The safety of a rescuer remaining in contact with a patient being shocked with modern defibrillation equipment has not been ...
Sozen Sinan - - 2008
PURPOSE: To investigate the probable effect of lower-pole pelvicaliceal anatomy on stone clearance after shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) in patients with nonobstructive renal pelvic stones. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The clinical records of patients with isolated renal pelvic stones who underwent SWL between 1996 and 2005 were reviewed. After excluding patients with ...
Mason Barry M - - 2008
Herein we describe the technique and review the medical records of 26 patients who underwent percutaneous nephrostolithotomy (PCNL) and simultaneous contralateral retrograde ureterorenoscopy (URS) for bilateral urolithiasis of discordant sizes at our institution. Preoperative factors, operative time, change in hemoglobin, change in serum creatinine, stone free, and efficacy rates after ...
Zomorrodi A - - 2008
To evaluate the effect of diuretics on ureteral stone fragmentation and clearance during therapy with extra corporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), we studied 87 patients with ureteral stone at different levels and treated with ESWL. The patients were randomized into two groups treated by standard ESWL; the treatment protocol included ...
Isen Kenan - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of pneumatic lithotripsy by using a ureteroscope to treat bladder stones in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven boys presenting with bladder stones underwent transurethral cystolithotripsy. The indication for transurethral cystolithotripsy was stone size <or=2 cm. A 8/9.8F Wolf semi-rigid ureteroscope or 9.5F Storz ...
Tseng Kenneth S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A 50-year-old man presented to an outpatient urology clinic with left-sided flank pain. He had received treatment for a left renal pelvis calculus 5 years earlier; shock wave lithotripsy had been unsuccessful and ureteroscopic laser lithotripsy had left the patient with a 2 mm residual stone fragment. The fragment ...
Pedro Renato Nardi - - 2008
PURPOSE: We evaluated the efficacy of alfuzosin as medical expulsive therapy for distal ureteral stone passage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 76 patients with a distal ureteral calculus provided consent for the study. Patients were randomized between placebo and study medication, and investigators and patients were blinded to the ...
el-Assmy Ahmed - - 2008
PURPOSE: We studied the long-term impact of shock wave lithotripsy on renal function, stone recurrence and hypertension in patients with a solitary kidney. Patients with a solitary kidney provide a unique opportunity to evaluate any clinically significant change in renal function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of ...
Krambeck Amy E - - 2008
PURPOSE: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is successful at achieving stone-free status but long-term safety data are lacking. We report our long-term experience with percutaneous nephrolithotomy and compare these results with other treatment modalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified 87 patients treated with percutaneous nephrolithotomy from 1983 to 1984 who continue to receive ...
Isen Kenan - - 2008
We evaluated the need for routine ureteral stenting after uncomplicated ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URSL) without dilation for lower ureteral stones larger than 1 cm. A total of 43 patients underwent URSL for lower ureteral stones larger than 10 mm. They were randomized into a stented (21) or an unstented (22) group. ...
Juan Yung-Shun - - 2008
The optimal treatment for large, impacted, proximal ureteral stones remains controversial. We report our experience and compare treatment outcomes in patients with single, impacted, proximal ureteral stones undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) and ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URSL). Between January 2005 and January 2006, a total of 53 consecutive patients with solitary, impacted, ...
Sozen Sinan - - 2008
Purpose: To investigate the effect of lower pole pelvicaliceal anatomy on stone clearance after shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) in patients with non-obstructive renal pelvic stones. Patients and Methods: The clinical records of patients with isolated renal pelvic stones who underwent SWL between 1996 and 2005 were reviewed. After excluding patients with ...
Ozden Ender - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We report our experience with percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) therapy for staghorn or complex pediatric renal calculi. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the case records of 105 patients younger than 17 years who underwent PNL. The cases included 53 complex calculi analyzed in 51 patients. We defined complex calculi ...
Rowley Michael W - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate commonalities in presentation and long-term efficacy of treatment by percutaneous nephrostolithotomy of matrix stones, a rare form of urinary calculi. METHODS: The clinical data of 9 consecutive patients with urinary matrix calculi in 11 kidneys treated at our institution between 1995 and 2007 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: ...
Turna Burak - - 2008
PURPOSE: We compared perioperative outcomes in patients undergoing ureterorenoscopy and Ho:YAG lithotripsy for renal calculi with or without anticoagulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the records of all patients undergoing flexible ureterorenoscopy and Ho:YAG lithotripsy for renal calculi at 2 institutions from 2001 to 2007. We identified 37 patients on ...
Murota-Kawano Akiko - - 2008
AIM: We assessed the efficacy of a third generation extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) machine for ureter stones using the Dornier Lithotriptor Compact Delta. METHODS: A total of 471 consecutive ureter stones were treated with ESWL using the Dornier Lithotriptor Compact Delta from December 2001 on an outpatient basis. Four ...
Asuquo M E - - 2008
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The relative rarity of gallbladder disease has been documented in various parts of Africa. Recently the incidence has been reported as rising in some African countries. We undertook this study to evaluate the indications for cholecystectomy in our center and compare with others. METHODS: This is a retrospective study ...
Amjadi Mohsen - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) can be done in patients who have previously had open nephrolithotomy. Currently, dilatation of the nephrostomy tract is achieved using an Amplatz renal dilator or telescopic metal dilators in these patients. The aim of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of ...
Aghamir Seyed Mohammad Kazem - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the hypothesis that prophylactic insertion of Double-J stents after uncomplicated transurethral lithotripsy (TUL) can decrease the number of episodes of renal colic and their intensity in patients with recurrent ureteral stones (those with three or more episodes of stone formation). PATIENTS AND METHODS: During a prospective randomized ...
Zanetti Giampaolo - - 2008
Treatment of renal and ureteral stones by SWL has been proved safe and effective in the last 25 years. We reviewed our twenty-four year experience, which began in January 1985 with an original HM3 Dornier lithotripter and has continued along the years with second and multifunctional third generation lithotripters. Dysrhythmias ...
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