Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1751
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Christoforidis Emmanuel - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Little information is available on short and long-term outcome of therapeutic endoscopic retrograde colangiopancreatography (ERCP) for choledocholithiasis in nonagenarians (>=90 years). The aim of this study was to evaluate retrospectively the feasibility of therapeutic ERCP in nonagenarians with choledocholithiasis, as compared with patients aged between 75 and 89 years. ...
Basiri Abbas - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Multiple procedures have been introduced for the management of urinary stones in the upper ureter. In this randomized clinical trial, we compared three surgical options in this regard. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From September 2004 to May 2006, we enrolled in the study 150 patients with upper ureteral ...
Andrade Enrico - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To develop an experimental model in rabbits to analyse the efficiency of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) for Peyronie's disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used 15 adult male rabbits divided into three equal groups. In group 1 (no penile ESWT) rabbits had three sessions of ESWT with 2000 shocks ...
Parks Joan H - - 2009
To analyse three outcomes of stone prevention strategies in one clinic devoted to that activity since 1969, i.e. stone recurrence rates, stone-related procedures and 24-h urinary stone risk factor, to assess whether such treatment can be maintained over long periods. We selected 2509 patients with at least one laboratory follow-up ...
Patel Bhavin N BN Wake Forest University Medical Center, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, - - 2009
Recent investigations have shown increased oxalate excretion in patients in whom kidney stones formed after contemporary bariatric surgery. We determined whether there is an increased prevalence of hyperoxaluria after such procedures performed in nonstone formers. A total of 58 nonstone forming adults who underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y (52) or a biliopancreatic ...
Ock Sun-A - - 2008
Bovine oocytes treated using various combinations of 5 muM ionomycin (Ion), 10 microg/ml cycloheximide (CHX) and 5 microg/ml cytochalsin B (CCB) were evaluated to determine developmental rates and ploidy status. The groups were comprised of metaphase II oocytes exposed to Ion for 5 min (Group 1); Ion treatment followed by ...
Gdor Yehoshua - - 2008
PURPOSE: Since the holmium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Ho:YAG) laser is the flexible lithotrite of choice for ureteral stones, its application to ureteral strictures associated with ureteral calculi is convenient. The results of Ho:YAG laser endoureterotomy in this specific setting have not been defined. We report our experience with Ho:YAG laser endoureterotomy of ureteral ...
Aghamir Seyed Mohammad Kazem - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stimulation of patient's immune response and therefore increasing inflammatory indices in patients who underwent invasive treatment methods for kidney stone removing can be predictable. In the present study, we tried to evaluate the differences of inflammatory indices in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) and compared them with open stone ...
Patel Anup - - 2008
PURPOSE: We tested the hypothesis that lower calyceal (LC) autologous blood clot (ABC) occlusion, after retrograde intra-renal surgery (RIRS) may prevent LC fragment reaccumulation where all fragments cannot be directly removed. METHODS: Over two years, patients with LC stones >6 mm <2 cm, that had presented de-novo or failed primary ...
DeBerardinis Ralph J RJ Section of Metabolic Diseases, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, - - 2008
Cystinuria, an inherited defect of dibasic amino acid transport, causes accumulation of urinary cystine and cystine urolithiasis. In adults penicillamine reduces stone formation but has a high incidence of dose limiting toxicity. We evaluated the effects of penicillamine in preventing stone formation and with respect to toxicity in our cystinuria ...
Makhlouf Antoine A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the hypothesis that extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) increases the incident risk of new-onset diabetes mellitus (DM). Studies have suggested that ESWL predisposes to DM. METHODS: Using a mail survey, we collected data on the presence and onset of DM in 1947 patients treated with the Medstone-STS ...
Abeysuriya Vasitha - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: In the formation of gallstones, crystal nucleation is a key step, which is followed by precipitation and gradual growth of cholesterol crystals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control study was carried out among 60 patients (30 patients, 14 males and 16 females, median age of 36 years, range 33-71 years, ...
Hsiao Hsi-Lin - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of hydronephrosis on the treatment outcome of patients with a solitary proximal ureteral stone after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). A total of 182 consecutive patients who underwent ESWL for a solitary proximal ureteral stone of between 5 and 20 ...
Gluck Michael - - 2008
GOALS: The current study presents 1 tertiary endoscopy center's 20-year experience using endoscopic therapy to treat patients with symptomatic primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). BACKGROUND: Endoscopic therapy for patients with PSC and dominant strictures has been used for more than 20 years, but there is concern that instrumenting a sclerotic biliary ...
Agarwal Anshuman - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction and stones can co exist. Therapeutic controversy exists regarding their ideal management. We present our experience of combining Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) with laparoscopic pyeloplasty (LP),in patients with UPJ obstruction with multiple secondary, in the same session or staged manner. PATIENTS AND METHOD: From November 2006 ...
Mariani Albert J - - 2008
Percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PCL) is a standard treatment for renal calculi >2 cm. Modern flexible ureteroscopes and accessories employing the complementary effects of electrohydraulic lithotripsy (EHL) and Ho:YAG laser lithotrites can treat these renal calculi in a minimally invasive fashion with similar or superior results. To assess the safety and efficacy ...
Padhye Abhijit S AS Dr. Y. G. Bodhe, Dept of Urology; Maharashtra Medical Foundation and Maharashtra Medical Research Centre, 986 Senapati Bapat Road, Pune - 411 053, - - 2008
Shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) has been recommended as a first-line treatment for upper ureteric calculi in several studies with a success rate of 80-90%. Our aim is to present our retrospective data of treatment of upper ureteric stones with SWL as primary modality over a 10-year period and evaluate the ...
Jamshaid Anila - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study compared the efficacy and safety profile of electrohydraulic (EH) and electromagnetic (EM) lithotriptors in the treatment of 10- to 20-mm renal and proximal ureteric stones at a single center and by a single operator. METHODS: Between January 2001 and December 2006, we sequentially treated patients meeting study ...
Ugras Murat Y - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine the validity of some criteria that could guide in the decision to cancel or proceed with the second side of planned bilateral simultaneous percutaneous nephrolithotomy (bsPCNL). METHODS: Patients with an indication for bilateral PCNL were enrolled in this study. The operation was stopped at the end of ...
Lee Courtney - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of a radiographer's learning curve on extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) efficacy. METHODS: Five registered technologists who were certified to assist in SWL procedures but had no prior lithotripter experience were evaluated during a 4-year period. Stone-free (no residual ...
Aghamir Seyed Mohammad Kazem - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To assess the outcome and safety of the totally tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy in renal anomalies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During a prospective clinical trial from December 2002 to November 2006, 60 patients with renal anomalies and nephrolithiasis were included in our study. The anomalies consisted of the horseshoe kidney, rotational ...
Anagnostou Theodore - - 2008
AIM: To evaluate whether the overall safety and efficacy profile of percutaneous surgery for urinary stone disease in older (>70 years) patients might influence the decision for the procedure in the elderly. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A large database was created from our patients (n = 1058) who underwent percutaneous surgery ...
Ito Yukiko - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD) is a possible alternative to endoscopic sphincterotomy for the treatment of bile duct stones. However, little information is available in the elderly. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of EPBD for bile duct stones in patients of 85 years of ...
Ertmer Christian - - 2008
Arginine vasopressin and terlipressin increase mean arterial pressure and reduce catecholamine requirements in septic shock patients. Infusing either agent may reduce incidence of new-onset tachyarrhythmias and improve renal function. The recent Vasopressin and Septic Shock Trial did not demonstrate an overall survival benefit of arginine vasopressin infusion (0.03 U/min) compared ...
Mufarrij Patrick W - - 2008
PURPOSE: The introduction of the da Vinci Surgical System to perform complex reconstructive procedures, such as repair of ureteropelvic junction obstruction, has helped to overcome some of the technical challenges associated with laparoscopy. We review our large multi-institutional experience with long-term followup of robotic dismembered pyeloplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A ...
Argyropoulos Athanasios N - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To identify the effect of the presence of a ureteric stent on the outcome of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL), by comparing patients with ureteric stones with matched-pair analysis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients undergoing ESWL with the Sonolith Vision lithotripter (Technomed Medical Systems, Vaulx-en-Velin, France) were identified from our prospectively ...
Kushi Hidehiko - - 2008
This study had two purposes. One was to assess gastric intramucosal pH (pHi) after early goal-directed therapy in patients with sepsis and septic shock. The other was to determine whether direct hemoperfusion with a polymyxin B fiber column (DHP-PMX) could improve the pHi if it remained low after early goal-directed ...
Schummer Claudia - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Severe anaphylaxis can be associated with cardiovascular collapse that is difficult to manage and does not respond to treatment with epinephrine. Because anaphylaxis is uncommon, unpredictable and may be fatal, a prospective, randomized, controlled trial in humans on the best management is difficult and guidelines are based on theory ...
Husted Daniel S - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. OBJECTIVES: To determine the success rate and duration of relief of repeat radiofrequency neurotomy (RFN) for cervical facet joint pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: RFN is an effective but temporary management of cervical facet pain. When pain recurs, RFN is usually repeated, but the outcomes ...
Roh Jong-Lyel - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of intraoral stone removal and sialodochoplasty in 59 patients with hilar submandibular stones. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifty-four patients underwent complete stone removal without significant complications, and five had unsuccessful removal of stones. The 54 patients with successful stone removal ...
Tayib Abdulmalik M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the efficacy of shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) in the primary treatment of 1647 patients with renal calculi using a Dornier Doli U/50 lithotripter. METHODS: One thousand and six hundred forty-seven patients underwent SWL as day-cases at King Abdulaziz University Hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia between October 2001 ...
Ibrahim Hamdy M - - 2008
PURPOSE: We determined the differences in outcome between ureteral stenting and nonstenting following uncomplicated ureteroscopy for distal ureteral stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 220 patients treated with successful ureteroscopy for distal ureteral stones were randomized to 2 equal groups according to postoperative placement of a ureteral stent (Cook ...
Zehri Ali A - - 2008
PURPOSE: We studied the efficacy of lidocaine jelly instillation proximal to the ureteral stone during intracorporeal lithotripsy using a semirigid ureteroscope for the prevention of retrograde migration and improvement in stone-free rate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From November 2006 to September 2007, 50 patients with 5 to 18 mm ureteral stones ...
Tam K F - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine, in patients who have undergone bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy for gynecological cancer, the incidence of lymphocyst formation, their change in size with time, risk factors and correlation with symptoms. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study of 108 patients undergoing bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy for gynecological cancer in our ...
Basiri Abbas - - 2008
PURPOSE: To present totally ultrasonography-guided percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in the flank position, its preliminary results, and the practical considerations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2007 until July 2007, a total of 30 candidates for PCNL (22 men and 8 women), with a mean age of 40.69 +/- 13.9 years (range ...
Leone Stephanie S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Outcomes in burnout and prolonged fatigue have hardly been compared in longitudinal research, despite several similarities such as the importance of fatigue symptoms in both conditions. This study aims to assess and compare the course of burnout and prolonged fatigue in the working population. METHODS: Prospective data from the ...
Falahatkar Siavash - - 2008
PURPOSE: To assess the outcome and safety of tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) to treat patients with staghorn stones. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between March 2006 and March 2007, 75 patients underwent 82 PCNLs at our hospital. Of that total, 42 procedures were done without a nephrostomy tube (tubeless group) and 40 ...
Eze K C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The study was designed to find out the radiation protection practices of radiologists and other staff involved in the first extra-corporeal shock wave lithotripsy in Nigeria, performed at Igbinedion Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Okada. METHODOLOGY: Some members of staff who were present when the extra-corporeal shock wave lithotripsy ...
Maghsoudi Robab - - 2008
To study the treatment of ureteric stones by HO:YAG laser lithotripsy and pneumatic lithotripsy and to evaluate the results of the two treatment modalities to assess effectiveness and complications. Over 1-year period, a total of 79 patients with 82 ureteral stones were randomized into two groups. In group 1 (39 ...
Gupta N P NP Department of Urology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. - - 2008
To assess the efficacy, safety, and morbidity of tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) and compare it with standard PCNL. A total of 135 patients (140 renal units) undergoing tubeless PCNL (group 1) from June 2000 to September 2007 were compared with a similar group of 185 (194 renal units) patients undergoing ...
El-Nahas Ahmed R - - 2008
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the supracostal approach for percutaneous nephrolithotomy in pediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 60 percutaneous nephrolithotomy procedures done in 50 children (32 boys and 18 girls) between 2000 and 2007. Mean patient age was 7 +/- ...
Crook T J - - 2008
PURPOSE: We established whether totally tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy with no nephrostomy or ureteral stent is a safe management technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were randomized to have a nephrostomy placed (group 1 control) or none (group 2 treatment). A total of 25 patients were randomized to each group. Cases were ...
Sterrett Samuel P - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Acetazolamide has been proposed as a treatment adjunct for patients with cystine and uric acid stone formation recalcitrant to standard alkalization therapy. We evaluated the effect of acetazolamide in urinary alkalization in patients with uric acid and cystine stone formation recalcitrant to potassium citrate alone. METHODS: An institutional review ...
Park Do Joong do - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG) was originally a treatment option in gastric ulcer surgery and is now being performed as a limited surgery in some early gastric cancer cases. This study was designed to evaluate the postoperative functional characteristics of PPG versus conventional distal gastrectomy with Billroth I anastomosis (BI). METHODS: ...
Miller Nicole L - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Large or complex calculi within a horseshoe kidney can present a challenge because many cases are associated with other aberrant anatomy. We performed a study to define the outcome of patients with a horseshoe kidney who were treated with percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From August ...
Romanowsky Igor - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric renal calculus disease has been considered a management dilemma. The various treatment modalities have different effects on the growing kidney, with concern to the significant recurrence rate, and the long-term outcome. We report our experience with performing percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) monotherapy in staghorn or complex pediatric renal calculi. ...
Barlow Jos - - 2008
The only fully coupled land-atmosphere global climate model predicts a widespread dieback of Amazonian forest cover through reduced precipitation. Although these predictions are controversial, the structural and compositional resilience of Amazonian forests may also have been overestimated, as current vegetation models fail to consider the potential role of fire in ...
Cima Robert R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Incidence of retained foreign objects (RFOs) after operations is unknown, as many can go unrecognized for years. We reviewed the incidence and characteristics of surgical RFO events at a tertiary care institution during 4 years. STUDY DESIGN: All RFO events, near misses and actual, reported on an adverse event ...
Kim Tae-Hyeon - - 2008
AIM: To study the efficacy and the safety of laser lithotripsy without direct visual control by using a balloon catheter in patients with bile duct stones that could not be extracted by standard technique. METHODS: The seventeen patients (7 male and 10 female; mean age 67.8 years) with difficult common ...
Lloyd Michael S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Brief interruptions in chest compressions reduce the efficacy of resuscitation from cardiac arrest. Interruptions of this type are inevitable during hands-off periods for shock delivery to treat ventricular tachyarrhythmias. The safety of a rescuer remaining in contact with a patient being shocked with modern defibrillation equipment has not been ...
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