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Cagirci Goksel - - 2011
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been reported to be associated with an increased risk of atrial fibrillation. The aim of this study was to investigate atrial electromechanical couplings in patients with OSA and the relationship between these parameters and P-wave dispersion (Pd). One hundred twenty-six patients were enrolled in this ...
Hsia Amie W - - 2011
Some prior studies have shown that racial disparities exist in intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) use for acute ischemic stroke. We sought to determine whether race was associated with tPA treatment for stroke in a predominantly black urban population. Systematic chart abstraction was performed on consecutive hospitalized patients with ischemic ...
Newell David W - - 2011
Catheter-based evacuation is a novel surgical approach for the treatment of brain hemorrhage. The object of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ultrasound in combination with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) delivered through a microcatheter directly into spontaneous intraventricular (IVH) or intracerebral (ICH) hemorrhage in humans. ...
Iskedjian Michael - - 2011
Background: Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness and visual disability. Few studies have examined persistence and adherence with topical medications in glaucoma patients. Objective: The objective of this study was to compare patient persistence with prostaglandin agonist (PA) monotherapy versus with concomitant adjunctive therapy (AT) in Canada. ...
Zhu Xiao-Li - - 2011
Pseudoaneurysms (PAs) are common vascular abnormalities predominantly arising from a disruption in the integrity of the arterial wall. The potential complications of PAs are usually unpredictable and carry high rates of morbidity and mortality. This paper presents our experience with various treatment strategies for PAs. Fifty-four patients with 55 PAs ...
Antoncić Igor - - 2011
Intravenous (i.v.) thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) is the only available pharmacological therapy to improve the outcome of acute ischemic stroke. We compared 71 patients presenting with ischaemic stroke and given intravenous rt-PA (0.9 mg/kg total dose) within 3 h with 71 patients who present to the hospital ...
Pergantou Helen H Haemophilia Centre/Haemostasis Unit, Aghia Sophia Children's Hospital, Athens GR11527, Greece. - - 2011
Plasminogen deficiency, a rare autosomal recessive disorder, is classified as type I (hypoplasminogenemia) or type II (dysplasminogenemia). Hypoplasminogenemia is characterized by impaired wound healing while ligneous conjunctivitis (LC) is its main manifestation presenting with redness of the conjunctivae and progression to pseudomembranes' formation on the palpebral surfaces. A 4-year-old girl ...
Gajos Grzegorz - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to investigate whether omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) are able to alter plasma fibrin clot properties and reduce thrombin formation in stable coronary artery disease patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS AND RESULTS: In an investigator-initiated, prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study, ...
Jenkins Eric D ED Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, - - 2011
The objective of this study was to determine the acute and chronic fixation strengths achieved by fibrin or polyethylene glycol (PEG) sealants to secure biologic mesh at the esophageal hiatus in a porcine model. For this study, 32 female domestic pigs were divided into four groups of 8 each. The ...
Norton Lynda H - - 2011
Increases in chronic illness due to sedentary lifestyles and poor metabolic fitness have led to numerous intervention strategies to promote physical activity (PA). This paper describes the methodological strategies of two short-term PA interventions. Outcome measures reported are PA adherence and compliance rates during the intervention and at 3, 6 ...
Spivacow Francisco R - - 2010
To evaluate the urine metabolic changes induced by sustained potassium citrate (KCit) treatment in patients with either hypocitraturia (HCit) or "unduly acidic urine pH" (UAUpH), and to determine the remission rate in those patients treated for more than 24 months. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 215 adult patients with ...
Geisthoff Urban W - - 2010
Little data about the efficacy and limitations of ultrasound-guided mechanical intraductal stone fragmentation and removal of sialoliths (Sonoguide Forceps) exist. This was a chart review of patients treated within the last 4 years at 2 tertiary care centers. Sonoguide Forceps were used as a second-line treatment in 22 patients with ...
Verze Paolo - - 2010
To compare extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) and ureteroscopy (URS) as first-line treatments for patients with distal ureteric stones. In all, 273 patients with single, monolateral, radiopaque, distal ureteric stones of 0.5-1.5 cm were enrolled in a prospective randomized trial. Patients were randomized to undergo ESWL (137) or URS (136). The ...
Ye Zhangqun - - 2011
• To determine the comparative efficacy of tamsulosin and nifedipine in medical expulsive therapy (MET) for distal ureteric stones with renal colic. • We evaluated the comparative efficacy of tamsulosin and nifedipine in MET in a prospective randomized trial of 3189 outpatients from 10 centres in China. • Eligible patients ...
Resorlu Berkan - - 2011
To evaluate the effectiveness of doxazosin on the rate of spontaneous passage of distal ureteral stones in female patients. A total of 80 patients with stones sized 10 mm or smaller, located in the distal part of the ureter, were included. They were divided into two groups, according to the gender. ...
Lv Jian Lin - - 2011
We evaluated the clinical results of tolterodine in treating impacted stones in the intramural ureter with symptoms of vesical irritability. A total of 80 patients with intramural ureter stones were included in the study from December 2007 to November 2009. Patients were randomly divided into two groups. The 41 patients ...
Wendt-Nordahl Gunnar - - 2011
New generation flexible ureterorenoscopes offer an improved deflection mechanism and a stiffer sheath compared to their predecessors. We aimed to determine if these improvements in design lead to a higher efficacy in the treatment of nephrolithiasis. Ninety patients with upper urinary tract calculi were included into a retrospective analysis. Twenty-nine ...
Hussain Muddassar - - 2011
Abstract Background and Purpose: Flexible ureterorenoscopic holmium laser lithotripsy allows retrograde management of renal calculi that previously needed alternative strategies. This study assesses the influences of stone size, density, and location on treatment outcomes from a large series. Patients and Methods: Data concerning patients who presented for ureterorenoscopic laser lithotripsy ...
Binbay Murat - - 2010
Abstract Purpose: We aimed to compare the outcomes of patients who were treated using digital and fiberoptic flexible ureterorenoscopy (URS) for kidney stones. Patients and Methods: Between September 2008 and December 2009, a total of 76 patients who were treated with either a conventional fiberoptic flexible ureterorenoscope (FFU) (n = 34) or ...
Kumar Anup - - 2010
Abstract Background and Purpose: The role of early/emergency shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) in symptomatic upper ureteral calculi has still not been established. We have performed a randomized comparison between early (<48 hours) vs delayed (>48 hours) SWL for symptomatic upper ureteral stones less than 1 cm to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and ...
Akman Tolga - - 2011
To evaluate the effects of kidney stones and patient-related parameters on the length of hospitalization (LOH), which is one important factor affecting the cost effectiveness of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Recently, increases in healthcare costs have highlighted the importance of evaluating the cost effectiveness of a treatment as much as its ...
Resorlu Berkan - - 2011
Treatment of patients with solitary kidney having complex stones is one of the most challenging problem in urology. We present our experience with percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in treating 16 patients with staghorn stones in a solitary kidney to determine long-term renal functional results. We retrospectively reviewed the records of 16 ...
Istanbulluoglu Mustafa Okan - - 2011
Shock Wave Lithotripsy (SWL) has become the preferred first-line approach to most patients with symptomatic urolithiasis. The purpose of this study is to assess the ideal patient position during SWL for the treatment of distal ureter stones. A total of 342 patients included in this retrospective study. 148 (108 men, ...
Farahat Yasser A - - 2011
To compare the safety and efficacy of two different ureteral occlusion devices (stone cone and entrapment net) in preventing retrograde stone migration during ureteroscopic pneumatic lithotripsy. Proximal migration of stone fragments during ureteroscopic lithotripsy is a common problem, especially when the pneumatic lithotripter is used for stone fragmentation. A total ...
Alanee Shaheen - - 2010
We compared the results of shock wave lithotripsy with a newer electromagnetic lithotripter to those of an electrohydraulic lithotripter using identical treatment and followup criteria. We performed a case matched comparison of 8,565 patients treated from 2003 to 2007 using the Medstone STS™ and the Modulith® SLX machines, matching for ...
Donnally Chester J CJ - - 2011
Although the 36-Item Short-Form General Health Survey (SF-36) has been utilized to assess quality of life (QoL) in cross-sectional studies, no longitudinal studies have evaluated this instrument in stone formers. Hence, we evaluated the performance of the SF-36 over time in a group of stone formers. From January to May ...
Simunovic Dalibor - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the success and complication rates of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) in three cohorts of patients older than 60 years. Our study included 444 patients older than 60 years who were treated with SWL between May 2001 and May 2008 at ...
Tomaszewski Jeffrey J - - 2010
We evaluated percutaneous access for percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) that was obtained by interventional radiologists or urologists at a single academic institution and compared access outcomes and complications. The records of 233 patients who underwent PCNL at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center between 2000 and 2008 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients ...
Bagrodia Aditya - - 2010
to examine incidence of and risk factors for the development of nephrolithiasis in patients treated with radical nephrectomy (RN) or partial nephrectomy (nephron-sparing surgery, NSS). the study comprised a single-centre review of 749 patients treated with RN or NSS from August 1987 to June 2006. Demographics, medical and stone history, ...
Cheng Fan - - 2010
The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy, safety, and morbidity of minimally invasive tract in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (Mini-PCNL) for renal stones in comparison with the standard PCNL. In a randomized trial, 69 patients (72 renal units) undergoing Mini-PCNL (group 1) from May 2004 to December 2007 were ...
Hyams Elias S - - 2010
Percutaneous nephrostolithotomy (PCNL) is the current standard of care for management of large renal stones (>2 cm). Recent studies have evaluated flexible ureterorenoscopy (URS)/holmium laser lithotripsy as an alternative treatment for patients with contraindications to or preference against PCNL. Stones in an intermediate size range (2-3 cm) may be most ...
Lee Moung Jin - - 2010
This study aimed to determine the value of the NTrap® (Cook Urological INC, USA), which was designed to block the upward movement of stones during ureteroscopic lithotripsy. We reviewed the data of 144 patients who underwent ureteroscopic lithotripsy for an upper ureteral stone from June 2006 to May 2010. Sixty-eight ...
Hammad Fayez T FT Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates. - - 2010
Few studies have addressed the effect of skin-to-stone distance (SSD) on the success of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL). Nevertheless, the effect of the two components of SSD, that is, the fat SSD (FSSD) and nonfat SSD (NFSSD) components, was not previously investigated. In this prospective study, all patients (n = ...
Yu Weimin - - 2010
To review our 5-year experience with retrograde ureteroscopic treatment for patients with upper ureteral stones and to compare the outcome, safety, and efficiency of pneumatic and holmium laser lithotripsy in managing upper ureteral stones. We retrospectively analyzed the hospital records of 372 patients who underwent 384 retrograde ureteroscopic procedures for ...
Sighinolfi Maria Chiara - - 2011
To report our preliminary series with the Doli S EMSE 220F-XXP, the upgraded version of the previous Dornier Lithotripter S EMSE 220, for treatment of ureteral stones. Since July 2006, a total of 200 patients with ureteral stones were submitted to shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) with Doli S EMSE 220F-XXP. ...
Sanjay P - - 2011
This study aimed to determine readmission rates, causes for readmission and outcomes for patients undergoing elective Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy (LC) without intraoperative cholangiogram (IOC). Timing related to readmissions was grouped as <6 weeks, 6 weeks-1 year, 1-2 years and >2 years. Outcomes and variables related to readmission were evaluated. 101 readmissions ...
You Dalsan - - 2010
This study evaluated stone comminution efficiency according to the distribution of the lithotripter output voltage during extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) of renal or ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) stones. Sixty-two patients with a single radiopaque renal or UPJ stone of surface area about 50-400 mm(2) were prospectively randomized to receive a total ...
Falahatkar Siavash - - 2010
As endourologists are highly exposed to X-ray irradiation during endourologic surgeries, the use of alternative methods for entrance into the collective system and dilatation of tract could be safe and less expensive. Percutaneous access was created under ultrasonographic guidance in the complete supine position without flank elevation in 14 patients ...
Hyams Elias S - - 2010
There is no standardization in the nephrolithiasis literature regarding preoperative or postoperative evaluation of patients who are undergoing treatment for stone disease. This may hinder comparisons of efficacy of different treatment modalities. We evaluated heterogeneity in the literature of preoperative and postoperative evaluations of patients who were undergoing surgical treatment ...
Kramolowsky Eugene V - - 2010
To analyze the impact of slowing the shockwave delivery during extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) on the clinical patient outcome and the cost of delivering this service in a community practice. The data from 1745 consecutive SWL procedures were analyzed at a freestanding surgery center. About 872 treatments were performed at ...
Metzner Gerald G Paracelsus Private Medical University, Orthopedics, Muellner Hauptstrasse 48, Salzburg A-5020, Austria. - - 2010
Few reports about the success of high-energy extracorporeal shock-wave therapy in cases of plantar fasciitis exist, even fewer about long-term results. This study investigated results of high-energy extracorporeal shock wave therapy applied to patients with recalcitrant plantar fasciitis. Ninety ESWT were applied to 63 patients (73 heels; 25 male and ...
Bang Byoung Wook - - 2010
Endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD) is a safe and effective method for the treatment of choledocholithiasis, but previous studies have rarely reported the appropriate ballooning time (BT). We prospectively evaluated the safety and efficacy of EPBD according to BT in patients undergoing bile duct stone removal. Seventy consecutive patients with ...
McAdams Sean - - 2010
PURPOSE: We determined whether stone attenuation can predict stone fragmentation after shock wave lithotripsy in the pediatric population. Previous studies show that preoperative attenuation in HU on noncontrast computerized tomography predicts shock wave lithotripsy success. To our knowledge study of this parameter in the pediatric population has been lacking to ...
Yun Seok Joong - - 2010
PURPOSE: Sodium restriction is widely recommended to prevent urinary stone recurrence. However, the effect of urinary sodium excretion has not been fully evaluated. We investigated the relationship between urinary sodium, urinary metabolite excretion and the risk of recurrence in urinary stone formers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Selected for study were 798 ...
Krambeck Amy E - - 2010
The incidence of brushite stones has increased during the last 3 decades and we report our experience with brushite stone formers. From 1996 to 2008 we identified 82 patients with brushite urinary calculi. After institutional review board approval a review of our prospectively collected database was performed. There were 54 ...
Corwin Michael T - - 2011
To determine the natural history of gallbladder (GB) polyps incidentally detected at ultrasonography (US) and to propose management guidelines for these lesions based on polyp size. The HIPAA-compliant study was approved by the institutional review board, and informed consent was waived. A database search for "polyp" in all US examinations ...
Karami Hossein - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Gaining access to the pyelocaliceal system in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is routinely performed using fluoroscopic guidance with the patient in a prone position. We compared ultrasonography-guided access for PCNL with the patient in the flank position with conventional fluoroscopy-guided access. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 60 ...
Kubo Masayuki - - 2010
Although secondary lymphedema is a common complication after surgical and radiation therapy for cancer, the treatment options for lymphedema remain limited and largely ineffective. We thus studied the effect of extracorporeal shock wave therapy on promoting lymphangiogenesis and improving secondary lymphedema. A rabbit ear model of lymphedema was created by ...
McAdams Sean - - 2010
PURPOSE: We determined whether age, gender, body mass index, number of stones, stone location or total stone diameter could independently predict stone-free rates after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 149 patients 3 to 17 years old undergoing shock wave lithotripsy between 2001 and 2008. ...
Basiri Abbas - - 2010
PURPOSE: Since there is insufficient evidence to determine the best treatment modality in children with distal ureteral calculi, we designed a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy and complications of transureteral and shock wave lithotripsy in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 children with distal ...
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