Search Results
Results 751 - 800 of 1739
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Weizer Alon Z - - 2002
PURPOSE: Improved fiber optics and advanced intracorporeal lithotripsy devices have significantly decreased the incidence of complications during ureteroscopic procedures. Despite recent reports suggesting that radiographic imaging may not be necessary in all individuals after routine ureteroscopy silent obstruction may develop in some, ultimately resulting in renal damage. We determined the ...
Porpiglia F - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To increase the success rate of the first treatment of ureteral stones through extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), we tested the efficacy of a medical therapy with nifedipine and deflazacort administered to patients who had undergone ESWL for ureteral stones. METHODS: This prospective study lasted from October 1998 to ...
Natsui Masaaki - - 2002
There are a number of views on the indication for endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD) in the management of bile duct stones. In this study, we have evaluated the efficacy and safety of EPBD compared with endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST). Prospective randomized trial. One university hospital and one general hospital. One ...
Paganini A M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic common bile duct (CBD) exploration is a well-established treatment option in dedicated centers. However, few data are available on the results in elderly patients. METHODS: The outcome after laparoscopic CBD exploration in elderly patients (age <70 years) was compared with that in a concurrent control group of younger ...
Rodrigues Netto Nelson N - - 2002
PURPOSE: We analyzed the efficacy of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1987 and 2000, 15,423 patients with urinary calculi were treated at our institution, of whom 86 (0.56%) children 3 to 14 years old underwent lithotripsy using the Siemens Lithostar Plus (Siemens Medical Systems, Iselin, ...
Lebret Thierry - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To assess in a prospective study whether extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) using a standard radioscopic location lithotriptor is effective in the treatment of Peyronie's disease. METHODS: Fifty-four patients were included in this prospective study. Before and after treatment, the angulation was calculated by auto-photography. Pain severity was assessed ...
Joseph Peter - - 2002
PURPOSE: We evaluated the attenuation value of renal calculi on unenhanced axial computerized tomography (CT) images as a predictor of calculous fragmentation by extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) (Dornier Medical Systems, Inc., Marietta, Georgia). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 30 patients with renal calculi up to 20 mm. in this prospective ...
Bassiri A - - 2002
PURPOSE: The present study reviews ureteroscopy intervention for the treatment of ureteral stones in pediatric patients in the last 6 years at three institutions in Iran. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-six ureteroscopies were performed in 66 prepubertal patients (mean age 9 years; range 2-15 years) with a male/female ratio of 31/35. ...
Parkin J - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess, in a repeat audit of a regional lithotripsy service, whether changes implemented after a regional audit in 1994 (which showed disappointing results from shock wave lithotripsy, attributable to both poor patient selection and an inadequate fixed-site lithotripter) have had any effect. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A data-collection sheet ...
Younes Riad N - - 2002
Hypertonic solutions have been studied extensively in the treatment of hypovolemic shock, both in experimental and clinical models. Safety, efficacy, and long-term effects on animals and patients have been evaluated. The present article reviews indications, safety, mortality rates, and outcome in patients with hemorrhagic hypovolemic shock who were treated after ...
Bugg Charles E CE - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the usefulness of follow-up radiographic studies after ureteroscopy by retrospective chart review. METHODS: We reviewed the charts of 118 patients who underwent 134 ureteroscopic procedures from January 1998 to November 1999. RESULTS: Follow-up was obtained at our institution for 87 patients. The follow-up period ranged from 3 ...
Weil Lowell Scott LS - - 2002
A review of the history, mechanism of action, and application of extracorporeal shock wave therapy for chronic plantar fasciitis is presented. The results of 40 feet treated with this modality are reviewed after a mean follow-up time of 8.4 months. All procedures were performed under intravenous sedation and local infiltrative ...
Soygür Tarkan - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of potassium citrate treatment in preventing stone recurrences and residual fragments after shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) for lower pole calcium oxalate urolithiasis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred ten patients who underwent SWL because of lower caliceal stones and who were stone free or who ...
Haake Michael - - 2002
A controlled prospective randomized study was designed to analyze the effect of extracorporeal shock wave therapy on calcifying tendinopathy of the shoulder focused on the calcified area or the origin of the supraspinatus tendon. Fifty patients were included in the study and were treated with a Storz Minilith Sl-1 shock ...
Lai Kwok-Hung - - 2002
BACKGROUND: As many as 24% of patients who undergo endoscopic sphincterotomy for the removal of bile duct stones have recurrent biliary complications develop for which there is no effective method of prevention. The aim of this study was to determine whether patients who undergo routine clinical follow-up after endoscopic sphincterotomy ...
Vlajković M - - 2002
The aim of this study was to determine the long-term functional outcome of kidneys in children with urolithiasis treated by means of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). The effectiveness and safety of this method in the management of pediatric urinary stone disease was also studied. This prospective study enrolled 84 ...
Landry Jean Luc - - 2002
PURPOSE: We reviewed the long term outcome of percutaneous caliceal diverticular stone extraction. The objective was to define factors of treatment failure and recurrence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Percutaneous caliceal diverticular stone extraction was performed in 24 women and 7 men (age range 21-69 years old). Diverticula were located throughout the ...
Gaur D D - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the technical details and the long-term results of laparoscopic ureterolithotomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Laparoscopic ureterolithotomy was undertaken in 101 patients between 1991 and 2001; in only one patient with retroperitoneal fibrous adhesions was the procedure transperitoneal, being retroperitoneal in all the others, using Gaur's balloon retroperitoneoscopy. The ...
Herrell S Duke - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Clearance of lower pole stones and complex maneuvers such as basket repositioning remain challenging in ureteroscopic treatment of caliceal stone burdens. We describe the initial use of flank position ureteroscopy (FPU) with modifications to aid in the treatment of complex caliceal urolithiasis. We hypothesized that gravitational force ...
Lalak Nestor J - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy (SWL) is now the best noninvasive treatment for renal calculi, rendering many patients stone free. This prospective study was performed to evaluate the short-term results of patients undergoing SWL with the Dornier Compact Delta lithotripter for all renal calculi. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between April ...
Kumar Anant
<b>Introduction: </b> Staghorn renal stones in a developing country, very often associated with insidious growth, late presentation, complications and recurrence, present an economic burden to the patient and a challenge to the treat-ing surgeon. Despite proven effectiveness of modern endourological procedures, they are cost intensive and require multiple sittings. Current ...
Tan Y M - - 2002
We study the outcome of 2,700 patients treated for 3,093 urinary calculi over a period of 60 months. All patients underwent Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) treatment using the Storz Modulith SL20, predominantly on an outpatient basis (99.9% using intravenous pethidine for analgesia). The treatment outcome of 1,666 renal calculi ...
Sofer Mario - - 2002
PURPOSE: We assessed the effectiveness and safety of holmium:YAG laser lithotripsy for managing upper urinary tract calculi in a prospective cohort of 598 patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ureteroscopic holmium:YAG laser lithotripsy was performed in 598 patients between 1993 and 1999. Calculi were located in the distal ureter in 39.6% of ...
Khaitan Anurag - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To assess the significance of asymptomatic residual stone fragments of less than 4 mm (clinically insignificant residual fragments [CIRFs]) after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). METHODS: Eighty-one patients were followed up for 6 to 60 months (mean 15) after ESWL to determine the fate of the CIRFs. RESULTS: Of ...
Küfer Rainer - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: To assess the performance of a new mobile device for extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) and therapy (ESWT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 278 patients underwent 399 treatment for stone disease. 28 patients received 64 treatments for orthopaedic issues such as pseudarthrosis or enthesiopathies resistant to conservative treatment. RESULTS: During ESWL, ...
Scholz Heinz S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: We performed a randomized, prospective trial to assess the impact of fibrin glue on the incidence of lymphocysts after systematic pelvic or pelvic and paraaortic lymphadenectomy in patients with gynecologic malignancies. METHODS: Ninety-three consecutive patients with gynecologic pelvic malignancies who underwent surgery including pelvic or pelvic and paraaortic lymphadenectomy ...
Matlaga Brian R - - 2002
The optimal treatment of patients with lower pole renal calculi is still being defined. Shock wave lithotripsy, percutaneous nephrolithotomy, and ureteroscopy are all currently utilized to treat patients with this condition. These methods have yielded varying degrees of success. The influence of collecting system anatomy on shock wave lithotripsy results ...
Azm T A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of diuresis during extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) treatment of ureteric calculi. The purpose is to improve stone fragmentation and clearance rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and six consecutive patients with ureteric calculi at different levels were treated by ESWL using Siemens Lithostar 2 machine. ...
Ghafoor Mohammad - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment of ureteric stones, especially the lower ureteric stone, remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) in the management of ureteric stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 99 patients with ureteric stones at different levels ...
Slavković Andjelka - - 2003
The Siemens Lithostar Litotriptor was used to treat 6 children with cystine nephrolithiasis, previously treated by open surgery. Five children had renal calculi (3 multiple caliceal, 2 pelvis) and one had ureteral calculus. Stone size ranged from 0.2-2.5 cm in diameter, and stone burden was from 0.24 to 10.81 cm3 ...
Muncunill J - - 2002
The current treatment of hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) consists of performing periodic manual whole blood phlebotomies. Erythroapheresis (EPH) is considered to be an alternative procedure if the classic treatment is contra-indicated. A prospective study of 13 consecutive cases of HH were included in a periodic EPH program with the aim of ...
Mattioli G - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Gallbladder stones are a well-known and widely studied problem in children. Hematological disorders are the most common diseases that can cause cholelithiasis. However, in the last few years, the proportion of children with idiopathic cholelithiasis has increased 50%. Herein, we present a prospective study on laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a ...
Albala D M - - 2001
PURPOSE: The efficacy of shock wave lithotripsy and percutaneous stone removal for the treatment of symptomatic lower pole renal calculi was determined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective randomized, multicenter clinical trial was performed comparing shock wave lithotripsy and percutaneous stone removal for symptomatic lower pole only renal calculi 30 mm. ...
Lahme S - - 2001
Stones of the renal pelvis can be treated either by extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) or percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). As a low-risk procedure with a longer treatment period, SWL often leads to persistent residual stone fragments, whereas conventional PCNL achieves a higher stone-free rate and allows a shorter treatment period ...
Obek C - - 2001
PURPOSE: We assess the efficacy of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy monotherapy for isolated lower pole nephrolithiasis, and compare it to that for isolated middle and upper caliceal calculi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We treated 714 renal units in 687 patients with isolated caliceal stones using a Lithostar lithotriptor (Siemens Medical Systems, ...
El-Anany F G - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of the retrograde ureteropyeloscopic holmium laser for treating renal stones that are too large to treat with extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty patients (22 men and eight women, mean age 43 years, range 18-62) with a renal stone burden ...
Unsal A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the clinical efficacy and safety of etofenamate (a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug) and fentanyl (an opioid analgesic) for outpatient extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). MATERIAL AND METHODS: 60 non-premedicated patients underwent ESWL for urinary tract calculus with the Multimed 2000 (ELMED Lithotripsy Co.. Turkey) lithotripter. ...
Bulsara K R - - 2001
Failure to differentiate between the different types of lumbosacral lipomas may lead to inaccurate assumptions and inappropriate management of patients. The goal of this study was to determine whether there is a difference in clinical outcome between patients with lipomyelomeningocles, intraspinal lipomas, and lipomas of the filum terminale. One hundred ...
Pace K T - - 2001
PURPOSE: We compare the effectiveness of mechanical percussion and inversion with observation for eliminating lower caliceal fragments 3 months after shock wave lithotripsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: At 3 months after shock wave lithotripsy 69 patients with residual lower caliceal fragments 4 mm. or less were randomized to receive either mechanical ...
Cosentino R - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of extracorporeal shock wave treatment (ESWT) in calcaneal enthesophytosis. METHODS: 60 patients (43 women, 17 men) were examined who had talalgia associated with heel spur. A single blind randomised study was performed in which 30 patients underwent a regular treatment (group 1) and 30 a ...
Yasuda I - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD) is assumed to preserve sphincter of Oddi function because it causes little trauma to the papilla. However, few studies have addressed this issue specifically. In this study, we investigated whether EPBD can preserve sphincter function, and evaluated whether or not such preservation has clinical ...
Goel A - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To review our experience of retroperitoneoscopic ureterolithotomy (RPUL) and to compare the results with those from open surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between March 1994 and mid-December 2000, 55 patients with large (mean 2.1 cm) upper and mid-ureteric calculi, and with normal renal values, underwent RPUL. In 22 patients, earlier ...
Kalk W W - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Sialography is commonly used for the diagnosis of Sjögren's syndrome, although its invasive nature is often regarded as a serious drawback for routine usage. The aim of this study was to evaluate the morbidity and acceptability of parotid sialography using oil-based contrast fluid. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-four consecutive sialographic procedures ...
Borboroglu P G - - 2001
PURPOSE: We compare postoperative pain, stone-free rates and complications after ureteroscopic treatment of distal ureteral calculi with or without the use of ureteral stents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 113 patients with distal ureteral calculi amenable to ureteroscopic treatment were prospectively randomized into stented (53) and unstented (60) groups. ...
Hussain Z - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To report a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) patches. The primary outcome measure was stone passage at 6 weeks. GTN is a potent smooth muscle relaxant that may offer benefit by both reducing pain and facilitating ureteral stone passage. METHODS: Fifty consecutive patients, with a single ...
Netto N R NR - - 2001
PURPOSE: We assessed the cost-effectiveness of routine ureteral stenting after ureteroscopic stone removal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 295 consecutive patients who underwent rigid ureteroscopic stone removal 133 in group 1 and 162 in group 2 were randomized to receive and not receive a stent, respectively, after the procedure. Operative time, ...
Calvo M M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The rendezvous technique combines endoscopy with percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography to facilitate cannulation of the bile duct when previous attempts have failed. METHODS: Over a 7-year period, a total of 1753 ERCPs were performed. Twelve of these patients with a diagnosis of choledocholithiasis were poor candidates for surgery. Percutaneous transhepatic ...
De Caluwé D - - 2001
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE:The presence of cholelithiasis is being reported with increased frequency in childhood. Little is known about the natural history of the disease, and only a few studies have been published regarding long-term results of treated patients. Controversy still exists regarding optimal treatment. Both cholecystectomy and cholecystolithotomy with gallbladder preservation have ...
Martínez Portillo F J - - 2001
PURPOSE: To elucidate the frequency and adversity of the effects of shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) on the male reproductive system. We investigated the possible alterations in the quality of semen in patients treated by SWL for pelvic ureteral stones. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The semen of 10 men was examined 1 day ...
Yadav S P - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The main objective was to study the stylalgia profile in Indians and the outcome of styloidectomy in such cases. DESIGN: This prospective study was carried out by random selection of patients with stylalgia using periodic random numbers. SETTING: This was a hospital-based study. METHODS: Surgical excision of the symptomatic ...
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