Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 1751
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Terkamp C - - 2003
AIM: We developed and evaluated a simulator for the sonography of the abdomen in order to improve the teaching quality in sonography training. METHOD: Eleven medicine residents who had received 4 to 12 months full time sonography training performed ultrasound examinations of the right upper quadrant in 5 consecutive patients ...
Martini Lucia - - 2003
Extracorporeal shock wave therapy has been used increasingly in musculoskeletal disorders although its biologic mechanisms are not understood completely. The current study evaluated the effects of extracorporeal shock wave therapy on human osteoblastlike cells by using an electrohydraulic shock wave generator and comparing three energy levels. (Group A, 14 kV ...
Sheir Khaled Z - - 2003
PURPOSE: We compared the efficacy of 2 shock wave energy sources, electrohydraulic (Dornier MFL 5000, Dornier MedTech, Wessling, Germany) and electromagnetic (DLS, Dornier Lithotriptor S, Dornier MedTech), for the treatment of urinary calculi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective randomized study of 694 patients with urinary stones was conducted during 12 ...
Hadigan Colleen - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Chronic acalculous cholecystitis previously has been diagnosed by hepatobiliary scan stimulated with intravenous octapeptide of cholecystokinin. This compound may soon be unavailable in the United States. The goal of this study was to describe the characteristics of children with chronic acalculous cholecystitis diagnosed by hepatobiliary scintigraphy with oral Lipomul ...
Sheir Khaled Z - - 2003
OBJECTIVES:To present our experience with extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) in patients with anomalous kidneys and to determine the factors that may influence the stone-free rate in such patients. METHODS: From February 1989 to February 2000, 198 patients were treated for urolithiasis in anomalous kidneys using ESWL. The mean patient ...
Zhong Weide - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and incidence of complications of extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL) compared with pneumatic ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URSL) in the treatment of lower uretheral calculi. METHODS: From August 1997 to June 1999, 210 patients with lower ureteric calculi were treated with ESWL and the other 180 with URSL. ...
Chow George K - - 2003
PURPOSE: Technical advances in ureteroscopy allow for more aggressive management of upper tract pathology. We evaluate to what extent clinical practice and treatment efficacy have been impacted by improvements in technology and technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 1998, 176 consecutive patients underwent 182 ureteroscopic procedures at our institution. Retrospective chart ...
Raj Ganesh V - - 2003
PURPOSE: Percutaneous treatment of patients with calculi in a horseshoe kidney can be challenging due to the altered anatomical relationship in the retroperitoneum. Therefore, we performed a multi-institutional review to assess the safety and efficacy of this minimally invasive technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 37 patients identified with calculi in ...
Akhtar M S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility and efficacy of lithoclast in the treatment of upper, middle and lower ureteric calculi. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Over a period of 6 1/2 years, we have treated 529 ureteric stones which failed to pass spontaneously within a 2-week period. ...
Weese J Scott - - 2003
West Nile virus encephalomyelitis was diagnosed in 28 horses presented to the Ontario Veterinary College Veterinary Teaching Hospital between August 20 and October 15, 2002. The age range of affected horses was 5 months to 20 years (mean 6.9 years, median 6 years). Clinical signs were highly variable. Duration of ...
Zhang P C - - 2003
To elucidate the aetiology of tonsillar hypertrophy and recurrent tonsillitis, it is important to determine whether a difference exists between these two conditions in microanatomical architecture. The aim of this study was to investigate the difference in follicle size and numbers in tonsils for patients with tonsillar hypertrophy and recurrent ...
Daudon Michel - - 2003
We prospectively determined cystine crystal volume (Vcys) in urine specimens from all consecutive patients with cystine urolithiasis followed at our institution over the past decade, in order to assess its predictive value as to the risk of recurrent cystine stone formation. A total of 57 patients (29 males, 28 females) ...
Ozgür Tan M - - 2003
Our objective was to determine the efficacy of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) in the treatment of paediatric ureteral calculous disease. We reviewed the records of 41 (23 boys, 18 girls) paediatric patients admitted to our clinic for the treatment of ureteral calculi between between 1989-2001. Patients' age varied between ...
Biedermann Rainer - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Nonunion remains a major complication after skeletal trauma. In the last decade, extracorporeal shock wave therapy has become a common tool for the treatment of nonunions. To date, no prospective, randomized trial has been conducted to show the efficacy of this form of treatment. METHODS: This study was performed ...
Basiri Abbas - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Whether a history of open nephrolithotomy affects the efficacy and morbidity of percutaneous interventions remains unsettled. We investigated this issue in our patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A series of 51 men and 14 women who had undergone nephrolithotomy at least once (group A; mean age 40 years) ...
Delakas Dimitrios - - 2003
PURPOSE: To define factors associated with the failure of shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) in the treatment of ureteral stones. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively studied 405 men and 283 women (mean age 52.6 years) who underwent SWL with a second-generation lithotripter in the period 1994 to 2001. We evaluated available clinical ...
Pareek Gyan - - 2003
PURPOSE: Studies suggest that HU values on non-contrast computerized tomography may predict the ability to fragment urinary calculi. We determined whether the HUs of in vivo urinary stones could be used to predict the stone-free rates after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated 50 patients who underwent ...
Pietrow Paul K - - 2003
PURPOSE: A new combination pneumatic/ultrasonic intracorporeal lithotriptor has been developed for percutaneous applications. It combines the stone clearing efficiency of an ultrasonic device with the fragmentation strength of a pneumatic probe into a single handpiece. We present our early clinical experience with this device in a prospective, randomized comparison a ...
Delvecchio Fernando C - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Frequency-Doubled Double-Pulse Nd:Yag) (FREDDY) laser (World of Medicine, Berlin Germany) is a short-pulsed, double-frequency solid-state laser with wavelengths of 532 and 1064 nm. This low-power, low-cost laser was developed for intracorporeal lithotripsy. We designed an experimental set-up to test its fragmentation efficiency at different energy and ...
Nahlieli Oded - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the efficacy of sialoendoscopic mechanical retrieval techniques for the treatment of obstructive salivary gland disease. This study documents the authors' long-term experience with mechanical retrieval techniques, the long-term results of the procedures, the technical issues, the techniques that have been used, and the advantages and ...
von der Heiden R - - 2003
AIMS: Studies dealing with the increased tendency to stone formation noted in cystic fibrosis, focus on enteric hyperoxaluria. It is well recognized, however, that low urine volume, hypocitraturia and perhaps even hypercalciuria are further risk factors for stone formation. METHODS: Nineteen patients with cystic fibrosis (14 boys and 5 girls, ...
Liu Cheng-shan - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To explore the efficacy of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) to coping with lithiasis-induced difficulty in withdrawing double J ureteral stents. METHODS: This study includes 6 patients with difficulty in withdrawing the stents due to lithiasis, who were in the anterior prone position or posterior oblique supine position to ...
Tallarico Demetrio - - 2003
The ability of trimetazidine (2,3,4, trimethoxybenzylpiperazine dihydrochloride, TMZ) to protect the myocardium against anthracycline (ANT)-induced cardiotoxicity during chemotherapy has been evaluated in female patients with breast cancer. A clinical trial was conducted in 61 patients subdivided into three groups: group 1 (n = 15, G1 ) treated with standard ANT ...
Lechevallier Eric - - 2003
PURPOSE: To compare in a random fashion an automated irrigation/suction pump system with the standard pressurized technique during transurethral ureterorenolithotripsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between July 2001 and December 2001, 47 patients were prospectively included. Prior to randomization, rigid instruments were allocated to 25 patients (group R) and flexible instruments to ...
Peers Koen H E - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcome of chronic patellar tendinopathy treated surgically and by extracorporeal shock wave therapy. DESIGN: Cross-sectional outcome analysis. SETTING: University Hospital Pellenberg, Leuven, Belgium. PATIENTS AND INTERVENTIONS: Of a total of 27 patients (28 knees) with chronic patellar tendinopathy, 13 were treated surgically, and 14 (15 knees) ...
Tazuma Susumu - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Absorption of water, as well as emptying of bile, are important functions of the gallbladder. We studied the changes of gallbladder function with age in gallstone patients and their influence on the outcome of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL). METHODS: (i) A total of 123 consecutive patients with complete stone ...
Ather M Hammad - - 2003
BACKGROUND: To determine factors influencing the clearance of fragments after extra-corporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) for lower pole calyceal (LPC) stones. METHODS: In the period between July 1998 and Oct 2001, 100 patients with isolated lower polar calyceal calculi <or= 20 mm, in patients aged >or= 14 years, were included ...
Gronau Eckart - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Since 1999, the lithotriptor LDM (Philips, Germany) is used routinely for treatment of urinary stones in our department. We evaluated the complication rate and treatment success of extracorporeal stone treatment with the new lithotriptor. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a prospective, two-step clinical study: (1) Complication rate: From January ...
Hui C-K - - 2003
BACKGROUND: There is some uncertainty as to whether high-risk patients with difficult common bile duct stones should be subjected to a further endoscopic procedure for the complete removal of stones by electrohydraulic lithotripsy or whether permanent biliary stenting should be performed. AIM: To compare the outcome of permanent biliary stenting ...
Deliveliotis C - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Impacted stones are those that remain unchanged in the same location for at least 2 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated 42 patients with impacted ureteral stones, and followed them for two and a half years to check for long-term results. The calculi location included all three segments of ...
Landman Jaime - - 2003
PURPOSE: We describe our technique and clinical experience with application of the ureteral access sheath for single access ablation of staghorn and partial staghorn calculi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our experience with 9 patients who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy for staghorn (6) or partial staghorn (3) renal calculi using ...
Graber Samuel F - - 2003
PURPOSE: We compare the efficacy and resulting kidney trauma of the HM3 (Dornier Medical Systems, Inc., Marietta, Georgia) and Lithostar Plus (Siemens, Issaquah, Washington) lithotriptors in a prospective randomized trial treating calix and renal pelvis stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with a solitary renal pelvic stone 2 cm. or less ...
Pietrow Paul K - - 2003
PURPOSE: Cystinuria is an autosomal recessive disorder of dibasic amino acid transport in the kidney that leads to an abundance of cystine in the urine. This molecule is poorly soluble in urine and it is prone to crystallization and stone formation at concentrations above 300 mg./l. Medical treatment in these ...
Ai Toshiji - - 2003
BACKGROUND: One of the problems in prosthetic-valve recipients is the development of gallstones. We suggested that the use of a heart-lung machine may be closely related to gallstone formation. The objective of this study was to clarify the efficacy of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) in the prevention of gallstone formation after ...
Shah Ojas D - - 2003
Shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) and ureteroscopy (URS) are both effective treatments for removal of distal ureteral calculi, associated with high success rates and limited morbidity. The American Urological Association Ureteral Stones Clinical Guidelines Panel has found both to be acceptable treatment options for patients, based on the stone-free results, morbidity, ...
Riedler Ildiko - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to assess the efficiency of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) as initial therapy for isolated lower pole kidney stones smaller than 20 mm. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During a 24-month period 116 patients with previously untreated single stones under 20 mm in diameter were ...
Abdel-Khalek Mohamed - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To define factors that have a significant impact on the stone-free rate after extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL) of ureteric stones using multivariate analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between February 1992 and February 2002, a total of 938 patients with ureteric stones were treated with in situ ESWL using the Dornier ...
Lindholm M G - - 2003
Five to 10% of patients with acute myocardial infarction develop cardiogenic shock and the majority of these patients are expected to die within the first few weeks. In this study, we review our recent experience in the management of patients with cardiogenic shock complicating MI and examine the effect of ...
Phornphutkul Chanika - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Alkaptonuria, caused by mutations in the HGO gene and a deficiency of homogentisate 1,2-dioxygenase, results in an accumulation of homogentisic acid (HGA), ochronosis, and destruction of connective tissue. There is no effective therapy for this disorder, although nitisinone inhibits the enzyme that produces HGA. We performed a study to ...
Tekin Ali - - 2002
PURPOSE:We evaluated the clinical and laboratory outcome of oral potassium citrate treatment in children with idiopathic hypocitruria and calcium stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The charts of 64 children 1 to 15 years old with hypocitruria and calcium stones (median age 7.2) treated with oral potassium citrate were reviewed. Evaluation parameters ...
Manikandan R - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the results of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) in patients with Peyronie's disease. METHODS: This study included 42 patients (mean age 55.4 years, range 32 to 72, SD 9.92) with Peyronie's disease. The mean duration of disease was 16.5 months (range 3 to 60, SD 13.31). Before ...
Lalak Nestor J - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) is the least invasive treatment for ureteral calculi and is the best accepted by patients and clinicians. This prospective study was performed to evaluate the results of SWL for all ureteral calculi. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between April 1999 and May 2000, there were 150 ...
Zheng Wei - - 2002
PURPOSE: We reviewed treatment outcomes in a series of aviation pilots treated in the era of modern surgical techniques and provide recommendations regarding treatment in this unique group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the records of all aviation pilots surgically treated for urinary calculi at our 4 tertiary stone ...
Grubb Robert L RL - - 2002
PURPOSE: Using nonabsorbable titanium staples in the lower urinary tract during laparoscopic nephroureterectomy has been shown to be safe. Laboratory studies of titanium staples in the upper urinary tract have likewise been favorable. Therefore, we used titanium Endo-GIA tissue staples (United States Surgical, Norwalk, Connecticut) to facilitate laparoscopic reduction pelvioplasty ...
Rizvi S A H - - 2002
PURPOSE: We evaluated epidemiology, etiology, dietary and urinary risk factors, and the composition of calculi in pediatric stone formers in Pakistan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study includes 1,440 children treated between 1987 and 2000. Case records were reviewed for demographics, etiology and clinical symptoms. Dietary and urinary risk factors ...
Phillips Ann A Association for Glycogen Storage Disease (UK), 9 Lindop Road, Hale, Altrincham, Cheshire WA15 9DZ, United Kingdom. - - 2002
In 1990 the first Fulda Workshop on Glycogen Storage Disease (GSD) type I was held in November. Eight adult representatives from Patient groups in the UK, USA, Germany and the Netherlands were invited to come and set up an information table of posters, leaflets etc. We were also asked to ...
Okugawa Tadahiro - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Peroral cholangioscopic lithotomy is an effective treatment for extrahepatic bile duct stones. However, an evaluation of the usefulness and long-term results of peroral cholangioscopic lithotomy for hepatolithiasis has not been reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness and long-term results of peroral cholangioscopic lithotomy for ...
Wong Carson - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy for staghorn calculi is reported to have a residual stone rate of 28%, while shockwave lithotripsy alone results in residual stones in approximately 50% of cases. Combination therapy, sandwich therapy, and multiple percutaneous accesses have also been advocated for staghorn stones. We believe these stones ...
Dash Atreya - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To report a matched comparison of morbidly obese (MO) patients and normal weight (NW) patients who underwent ureteroscopic (URS) treatment of renal calculi. Shock wave lithotripsy and percutaneous nephrostolithotomy may be precluded in MO patients, and URS treatment offers a minimally invasive alternative. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts ...
Abby Naimer Sody - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Ingrown toenail is a common problem that causes inconvenience, pain, and limitation of daily function. Current conventional treatment methods are not satisfactory and have a high recurrence rate. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a modification of an existing, although uncommonly used, method for treating ingrown toenail. METHODS: Patients with ingrown toenail ...
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