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Results 651 - 700 of 1739
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Lehman Margot - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To determine the maximum time cancer patients were willing to wait for radiotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using a trade-off technique (TOT) the maximum time patients were prepared to wait for treatment at the centre closest to home before electing to transfer their care to a centre located ...
Silverstein Ari D - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Percutaneous stone removal has replaced open renal surgery and has become the treatment of choice for large or complex renal calculi. However, patients with large bilateral stone burdens still present a challenge. Simultaneous bilateral percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) has been demonstrated to be a well-tolerated, safe, cost-effective, and ...
Gur Uri - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ultrasonic lithotripsy was one of the first modalities used for treating renal and ureteral stones. However, in recent years, it has been largely replaced by newer techniques such as laser lithotripsy with rigid as well as flexible ureteroscopes. The aim of this study was to review the ...
Chan De-Chuan - - 2004
AIM: It is difficult to differentiate gallstone dyspepsia and functional dyspepsia by clinical symptoms and signs. We hypothesized that gallstone dyspepsia was related to abnormal gallbladder motility. We aimed to differentiate gallstone dyspepsia from functional dyspepsia by measuring gallbladder motility. METHODS: We measured gallbladder volume changes in response to gastric ...
Bultitude Matthew F - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Morbidly obese patients with urolithiasis present a therapeutic and diagnostic challenge to the Urologist. Management is reported and potential difficulties discussed. METHODS: Morbidly obese patients (body mass index > or = 40kg/m2) with stone disease were identified by retrospective review. Stone load was calculated and treatment modalities noted. RESULTS: ...
Gobello Cristina - - 2004
Two consecutive interestrous intervals (n=46) were recorded in 23 bitches of different breeds. At varying times after day 100 from the onset of the second proestrus, cabergoline (5 microg/kg per os q 24 hours) was administered from early (n=11), mid- (n=10), and late (n=2) anestrus until 2 days after the ...
Köse A C - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the utility of a new 'modified-prone' position for treating pre-vesical stones with extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), usually considered an acceptable and effective treatment for such stones, but for which many different body positions have been used in an attempt to increase its efficacy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ...
Butler M R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: At the national Stone Centre we have adopted a proactive management approach involving early ureteroscopy for ureteric calculi. As the efficacy of ureteroscopy is known this study focuses on the low intra-operative complication rate as justification for a proactive management protocol. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study (1987-1997) identified ...
Shamamian Peter - - 2004
The difficulty in managing complex biliary tract calculi is exemplified in patients with primary intrahepatic calculi. Standard surgical and endoscopic approaches often fail to clear calculi in these patients who have recurrent episodes of cholangitis. The success of the holmium laser for urologic calculi led us to adapt treatment strategies ...
Burry Matthew V - - 2004
OBJECT: The safety and efficacy of Gd as an intraarterial contrast agent for pediatric neuroendovascular procedures were investigated. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed data regarding pediatric neuroendovascular procedures performed during a 1-year period. Seventeen procedures involving the use of gadodiamide in nine pediatric patients were identified. All angiographic images were ...
Anbar Ran D - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To better understand factors associated with the development and persistence of habit cough and to report use of self-hypnosis for this condition. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review was performed for 56 children and adolescents with habit cough. Interested patients were instructed in self-hypnosis for relaxation and to help ...
Demirci Deniz - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Most upper or middle ureteral stones are treated with shock wave lithotripsy or endoscopic techniques. In rare cases the ureteral stones are treated with open surgery after failure of first-line treatments. Retroperitoneoscopy is a minimally invasive alternative to open surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between May 1995 and January 2001, ...
Mugiya Soichi - - 2004
PURPOSE: We retrospectively evaluated endoscopic findings in 165 patients with impacted ureteral stones to determine the incidence of associated ureteral lesions and predisposing factors for such lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From July 1993 to March 2003 we performed retrograde endoscopic treatment in 165 patients with ureteral stones that had been ...
De Sio Marco - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: During the 1990s, two different in situ 'ballistic' lithotripters were introduced into clinical practice. The Swiss Lithoclast (SLC) was the first to be clinically tested. After a few years, a very similar device, the electrokinetic lithotripter (EKL), was described and has recently become available to us. In this paper ...
Mardis Hal K - - 2004
PURPOSE: We determine if medications that have been proven effective for kidney stone prevention in prospective controlled trials can reduce kidney stone recurrence in a private practice of urology better than life-style advice, including hydration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between July 1, 1995 and December 31, 1996, 203 patients with stones ...
Holman Endre - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate our experience with the endoscopic management of lower and upper urinary tract stones in pediatric patients in the Republic of Yemen. METHODS: From January 1, 1993 to December 31, 1998, 290 endoscopic operations were performed on 265 pediatric patients up to 14 years of age, 173 on ...
Saita A - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the effect of nifedipine associated with prednisolone in ureteral stone passage. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In our department we enrolled 50 patients with radiopaque ureteral stones. Stone size was 15 mm or less. The patients were divided into two groups: group I included 25 patients who received 30 ...
Al-Asmari Abdulrahman K - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of scorpion stings and to draw the attention of clinicians, concerning the dilemma of scorpion sting syndrome and its management in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). METHODS: In a retrospective survey, 251 cases were presented with scorpion stings to the Emergency Department of the ...
Basiri A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of Renal Colic (RC) in Ramadan (the month of fasting for Moslems) with other months of the lunar year. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records of 574 subjects, who were admitted in the two medical centers of Varamin (a city in a hot region of Iran), were ...
Tadayyon Farhad F Department of Urology, Noor Hospital, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2004
Considering the high prevalence of urinary system stones and that non-medical treatments have more costs and side effects, we decided to evaluate the effect of theophylline in the passage of ureteral stones. One hundred and fifty patients with ureteral stones were assigned into groups A and B, whose age, sex, ...
Cimentepe Ersin - - 2003
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) in patients with radiopaque and radiolucent ureteral calculi. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between September 2001 and August 2002, a total of 113 consecutive patients with ureteral calculi (58 radiopaque [Group 1], 55 radiolucent [Group 2]) were treated with a Multimed 2001 ...
Dellabella Marco - - 2003
PURPOSE: We evaluated the efficacy of the alpha1-adrenergic antagonist tamsulosin for conservative expulsive therapy in patients with ureteral colic due to juxtavesical stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 consecutive symptomatic patients with stones located in the juxtavesical tract of the ureter were randomly divided into group 1--30 who ...
Beiko Darren T - - 2003
INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVE: Advances in ureteroscope design and refinements of ancillary instrumentation have resulted in an expanded role for ureteroscopy in the management of urinary calculi. Technological enhancements coupled with improved endourologic skills have also been associated with a reduction in procedural-related complications. Historically, postoperative imaging with ultrasound (U/S) or intravenous pyelogram ...
Greenstein Alexander - - 2003
PURPOSE: To determine whether intravenous urography (IVU) is a prerequisite for shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) of renal stones by addressing whether using non-contrast-enhanced CT (NCCT) instead of IVU for delineating urinary tract anatomy is associated with post-SWL complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight patients treated by SWL (Econolith 2000) for radiopaque renal ...
Aghamir Seyed Kazem - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ballistic lithotripsy is one of the new intracorporeal lithotripsy methods. In this study, the efficacy and complications of this method in the management of ureteral calculi were evaluated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From November 1999 to December 2001, 340 patients (mean age 39.8 years; range 1.5-82 years) with ...
Stav Kobi - - 2003
PURPOSE: We report our experience with retrograde intrarenal lithotripsy (RIRL) for renal stones not alleviated by shock wave lithotripsy (SWL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 28 females and 53 males with a mean age of 53 years (range 18 to 86) were studied. They had been treated with a ...
McLorie Gordon A - - 2003
PURPOSE: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) in older children appears to have comparable results when compared to adults, no study has focused on its use in younger children. We reviewed our ESWL experience in children under age 3.5 years to evaluate its safety, and define optimal treatment parameters. METHODS: We ...
Sözen Sinan - - 2003
PURPOSE: To evaluate the results of pneumatic lithotripsy (PL) with ureteroscopy in the treatment of ureteral stones. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed, retrospectively, the records of 500 patients (366 male, 134 female) with ureteral calculi treated by PL with the Swiss Lithoclast. Of these patients, 124 (24.8%) were treated primarily ...
Toussaint Michel - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of intrapulmonary percussive ventilation (IPV) on mucus clearance in tracheostomized Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients. METHODS: We studied 8 patients, 5 of whom had mucus hypersecretion (> 30 mL/d). In a randomized, cross-over study we compared assisted mucus clearance techniques with and without IPV. There were ...
Futter Martyn N - - 2003
An analysis is presented of 46 ice break up and 15 ice free season phenology data series obtained largely through volunteer monitoring efforts in Southern Ontario. Observations spanned the years 1853-2001. Available data included dates of ice formation and ice break up as well as the number of ice free ...
Siener Roswitha - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The present study was performed to examine the efficacy of a selective treatment according to the guidelines for the prevention of recurrence in calcium oxalate stone patients and to assess risk factors for stone recurrence. METHODS: To investigate the effect of specific diagnostic and therapeutic measures, 134 recurrent calcium ...
Nabi G - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of the Dornier Compact Delta lithotriptor on the management of in situ primary ureteric stones. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 137 patients with primary ureteric stones were treated at a tertiary urological center using the latest Dornier Compact Delta lithotriptor between January 1999 and January 2002. Effectiveness ...
Koko Abdelmoniem K - - 2003
Between 1990 and 1999 a total of 186 patients with staghorn renal stones were treated in our unit. Of them, 76 patients were managed by extra-corporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) alone using a third generation Siemen's Lithostar Plus lithotriptor. Sixty-one of these patients who completed a follow-up of 41 months formed ...
Vestergaard Peter - - 2003
To assess the effects of surgery compared with conservative treatment (no surgery) for primary hyperparathyroidism. Cohort study. Nationwide Danish cohort. 3213 patients, mean age 61 (SD 16) years, with a diagnosis of primary hyperparathyroidism between 1980 and 1999. 1934 (60%) underwent surgery and 1279 (40%) were treated conservatively. Occurrence of ...
Penteado Sonia - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cholecystectomy for treatment of gallbladder stones in patients with portal vein thrombosis can be a hazardous procedure. Dissection into an area of thin-walled collateral vessels can trigger troublesome bleeding and consequent blood coagulation disorders. METHODOLOGY: In order to avoid dissection, cholecysto-jejunostomy was used as the treatment of choice in ...
Beattie Paula E - - 2003
BACKGROUND: As little has been published on the course of idiopathic solar urticaria (SU) patients cannot receive comprehensive prognostic advice. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prognosis and photobiological characteristics of idiopathic SU. DESIGN: Historical cohort study, with inception cohort followed up from time of diagnosis. Follow-up for a median of 4 ...
Gerber Glenn S - - 2003
A series of 205 urologists answered questions about their choice of treatment for lower-caliceal stones. The preferred approaches were extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) for stones <1 cm and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) for those >2 cm. For stones of 1 to 2 cm, 65% preferred SWL and 30% would advise PCNL. ...
de Cássia Novaes Wilse - - 2003
Aquamid represents a new generation of soft-tissue fillers thanks to the lack of particles and a very high concentration of water. Aquamid is the result of a new, patented production method called "In line Cross-Linking Technology" (ILX Technology). The Aquamid gel contains 2.5% polyacrylamide (PAAG) and 97.5% water. It is ...
Terkamp C - - 2003
AIM: We developed and evaluated a simulator for the sonography of the abdomen in order to improve the teaching quality in sonography training. METHOD: Eleven medicine residents who had received 4 to 12 months full time sonography training performed ultrasound examinations of the right upper quadrant in 5 consecutive patients ...
Martini Lucia - - 2003
Extracorporeal shock wave therapy has been used increasingly in musculoskeletal disorders although its biologic mechanisms are not understood completely. The current study evaluated the effects of extracorporeal shock wave therapy on human osteoblastlike cells by using an electrohydraulic shock wave generator and comparing three energy levels. (Group A, 14 kV ...
Sheir Khaled Z - - 2003
PURPOSE: We compared the efficacy of 2 shock wave energy sources, electrohydraulic (Dornier MFL 5000, Dornier MedTech, Wessling, Germany) and electromagnetic (DLS, Dornier Lithotriptor S, Dornier MedTech), for the treatment of urinary calculi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective randomized study of 694 patients with urinary stones was conducted during 12 ...
Hadigan Colleen - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Chronic acalculous cholecystitis previously has been diagnosed by hepatobiliary scan stimulated with intravenous octapeptide of cholecystokinin. This compound may soon be unavailable in the United States. The goal of this study was to describe the characteristics of children with chronic acalculous cholecystitis diagnosed by hepatobiliary scintigraphy with oral Lipomul ...
Sheir Khaled Z - - 2003
OBJECTIVES:To present our experience with extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) in patients with anomalous kidneys and to determine the factors that may influence the stone-free rate in such patients. METHODS: From February 1989 to February 2000, 198 patients were treated for urolithiasis in anomalous kidneys using ESWL. The mean patient ...
Zhong Weide - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and incidence of complications of extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL) compared with pneumatic ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URSL) in the treatment of lower uretheral calculi. METHODS: From August 1997 to June 1999, 210 patients with lower ureteric calculi were treated with ESWL and the other 180 with URSL. ...
Chow George K - - 2003
PURPOSE: Technical advances in ureteroscopy allow for more aggressive management of upper tract pathology. We evaluate to what extent clinical practice and treatment efficacy have been impacted by improvements in technology and technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 1998, 176 consecutive patients underwent 182 ureteroscopic procedures at our institution. Retrospective chart ...
Raj Ganesh V - - 2003
PURPOSE: Percutaneous treatment of patients with calculi in a horseshoe kidney can be challenging due to the altered anatomical relationship in the retroperitoneum. Therefore, we performed a multi-institutional review to assess the safety and efficacy of this minimally invasive technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 37 patients identified with calculi in ...
Akhtar M S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility and efficacy of lithoclast in the treatment of upper, middle and lower ureteric calculi. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Over a period of 6 1/2 years, we have treated 529 ureteric stones which failed to pass spontaneously within a 2-week period. ...
Weese J Scott - - 2003
West Nile virus encephalomyelitis was diagnosed in 28 horses presented to the Ontario Veterinary College Veterinary Teaching Hospital between August 20 and October 15, 2002. The age range of affected horses was 5 months to 20 years (mean 6.9 years, median 6 years). Clinical signs were highly variable. Duration of ...
Zhang P C - - 2003
To elucidate the aetiology of tonsillar hypertrophy and recurrent tonsillitis, it is important to determine whether a difference exists between these two conditions in microanatomical architecture. The aim of this study was to investigate the difference in follicle size and numbers in tonsils for patients with tonsillar hypertrophy and recurrent ...
Daudon Michel - - 2003
We prospectively determined cystine crystal volume (Vcys) in urine specimens from all consecutive patients with cystine urolithiasis followed at our institution over the past decade, in order to assess its predictive value as to the risk of recurrent cystine stone formation. A total of 57 patients (29 males, 28 females) ...
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