Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1746
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Chen C- H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: A review of the literature pertaining to percutaneous transhepatic cholangioscopic lithotomy (PTCSL) showed that more than 50% of reported patients had undergone earlier biliary surgery. METHODS: A retrospective study investigated 74 patients undergoing initial PTCSL for hepatolithiasis who had undergone no prior biliary surgery or manipulation. The patients were ...
Al-Kohlany Khaled M - - 2005
PURPOSE: We studied the role of open surgery versus percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in the treatment of complete staghorn stones in a prospective randomized manner. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 79 patients with 88 complete staghorn stones, defined as filling the entire collecting system or at least 80% of it, ...
Li Yong - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hepatocholangioplasty combined with choledochostomy was designed through an isolated jejunum passage in 1988. This study was undertaken to evaluate its long-term curative effects in 163 patients. METHODS: The 163 patients with hepatolithiasis complicated by stricture were treated with this procedure from 1988 to 2003. RESULTS: Among these patients, 19 ...
Sheir Khaled Z - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To present the results of the first clinical study of a synchronous twin-pulse technique for extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL), which is effective for in vitro stone fragmentation and safe when assessed in vivo on animal tissue. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty patients with urinary stones (35 men and 15 women) ...
Rao M Prasad - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To establish the safety and efficacy of ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URSL) under sedoanalgesia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was conducted at Department of Urology (Banaras Hindu University, India) among 124 patients with ureteral stones, between July 2000 and August 2003. Majority of the patients (59.68%) presented with lower ureteric calculi, ...
Ilker Y - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: There has been a steady increase in the number of ureteroscopic laser lithotripsy. In addition to its soft tissue applications Holmium:YAG laser has also been found an excellent intracorporeal lithotripter for all kinds of stones. We here present the results of patients treated with Holmium:YAG laser lithotripsy in our ...
Seo Seong Il - - 2005
PURPOSE: We report our experience with hand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (HALDN) and compare to our results with conventional open donor nephrectomy (ODN). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From February 2000 to January 2003, 100 patients (M:F 54:46) underwent HALDN at the Kangnam St. Mary's hospital. These patients were divided into early (1st ...
Bartel Twyla B - - 2005
This study investigated the use of a corn oil emulsion as an inexpensive alternative to sincalide in the scintigraphic diagnosis of chronic acalculous cholecystitis (CAC). METHODS: Thirty patients with abdominal or right upper quadrant pain underwent (99m)Tc-disofenin hepatobiliary imaging for 60 min. After gallbladder filling, 30 mL of corn oil ...
Hsu Jong-Ming - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Retrograde decompression is generally not advocated for patients with sepsis owing to ureteral obstruction by stone impaction, and the initial treatment of choice is percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN). We report our experience with the treatment of urosepsis with retrograde ureteroscopy (URS) instead of PCN drainage. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-six consecutive ...
Pareek Gyan - - 2005
To determine whether body mass index (BMI) and Hounsfield units (HUs) could be used as independent predictors of stone-free status after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). No detailed studies have assessed BMI as an independent predictor of ESWL outcome. Some studies have suggested that HUs of urinary calculi on noncontrast ...
Meria Paul - - 2005
Large pelvic stones are frequently managed with percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) but laparoscopic transperitoneal pyelolithotomy (LTP) can be an alternative. We compared PCNL and LTP for the treatment of pelvic stones >20 mm in diameter. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between November 1999 and November 2004, 16 consecutive patients, mean age 42, with ...
Aridogan I Atilla - - 2005
PURPOSE: To document the perioperative and early postoperative complications of pneumatic ureterolithotripsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 1997 and December 2003, pneumatic ureterolithotripsy was performed in 665 male and 314 female patients for stones >0.5 cm. The age range was 9 months to 72 years (mean 41 years). Preoperatively, intravenous ...
Viswaroop Bobby - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Use of shock-wave lithotripsy (SWL) for lower caliceal calculus is associated with a relatively high rate of residual fragments. Various radiographic anatomical factors of the lower calix predicting the outcome of lithotripsy have been described and have generated considerable discussion. We aimed to reassess the role of these factors ...
Tang Chung-Ngai - - 2005
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: We reviewed the selective use of hand-assisted laparoscopic segmentectomy (HALS) and laparoscopic choledochoduodenostomy (LCD) in the management of recurrent pyogenic cholangitis (RPC). METHODS: We carried out a retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database of laparoscopic treatment of RPC during the period 1995 to 2004. The perioperative data were ...
Kravchick Sergey - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate emergency SWL for the treatment of upper urinary-tract stones causing renal colic. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 1999 and June 2003, 53 patients with a mean age of 46.6 years (range 22-65 years) were enrolled. The inclusion criteria were acute renal colic, radiopaque 5-mm to 1.5-cm calculi ...
Tan A H H - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To present in a retrospective report a contemporary series of patients aged 14 years and younger who were treated for stones with ureteroscopy at our institution from 1991 to 2002. With the improvement and miniaturization of ureteroscopes and ancillary instruments, the endoscopic treatment of renal and ureteral calculi in ...
Tabibi Ali - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Since the introduction of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL), many modifications to entering the pyelocalyceal system have been made. One alternative is to insert a needle pointed to an opaque stone as a landmark. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of managing kidney calculi by PNL with ...
Pardalidis N P - - 2005
Retrograde calculus migration during ureteroscopic lithotripsy remains a problem in 5-40% of cases. We assessed the safety and efficacy of the Stone Cone device, in comparison with the standard flat wire basket. A total of 56 consecutive patients with ureteral calculi, suitable for ureteroscopic extraction and/or lithotripsy, where included in ...
Kalafatis Panagiotis - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Management of fornix rupture (FR) by obstructive stone is comprised of extravasation control and the elimination of the obstruction. For all patients, management initially remains conservative under close follow up. Endoscopic management of FR involved with an obstructive stone of the ureter or the pelvi-ureteric junction (UPJ) consists mainly ...
Makdissi J - - 2004
We studied 43 patients (25 women and 18 men) who had salivary calculi removed from the hilum of the submandibular gland. Preoperatively they had clinical and radiographic examinations, and glandular function was measured scintigraphically in 38 patients. Postoperative follow-up was based on history, clinical examination, structured questionnaire, and scintigraphy. Stone(s) ...
Zhong Lai-Ping - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the clinical situation, ultrasonographic appearance, diagnosis, and treatment experience of lipoma in the oral and maxillofacial region. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-two patients with lipoma in the oral and maxillofacial region were retrospectively investigated in regards to clinical appearance, ultrasonographic appearance, and treatment. RESULTS: Among the 22 patients, the ...
Khositseth Sookkasem - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Urolithiasis occurs in approximately 6% of adult kidney transplant (KTx) recipients. Limited data are available on urolithiasis after pediatric KTx. We report the incidence, management of, and risk factors for stone development in children after KTx. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 399 children who received KTx at ...
Duenser Martin W - - 2005
Cardiovascular failure is one of the central therapeutic problems in patients with severe infection. Although norepinephrine is a potent and, in most cases, highly effective vasopressor agent, very high dosages leading to significant side effects can be necessary to stabilize advanced shock. As a supplementary vasopressor, arginine vasopressin can reverse ...
Adamek H E - - 2004
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is effective in the treatment of symptomatic cholecystolithiasis in well-selected patients. We analyzed the predictors of cholecystectomy in a large series of gallstone patients after ESWL. This was a retrospective follow-up cohort-study of consecutive patients undergoing ESWL for symptomatic cholecystolithiasis over a 9-year period. It ...
Prakash K - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Intrahepatic stones, though common in East Asia, are uncommon in India. There is paucity of data from India regarding the treatment and long-term outcome of patients with intrahepatic stones. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed medical records of 35 patients with intrahepatic stones who had been treated surgically. Endoscopic biliary drainage ...
Ng C F - - 2004
PURPOSE: The Piezolith 3000 (Richard Wolf, Knittlingen, Germany) is the newest piezoelectric lithotriptor. Using a matched pair analysis model we compared treatment outcomes of this machine with those of an older generation Piezolith 2300 lithotriptor (Richard Wolf). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with solitary, radio-opaque urinary calculi undergoing primary lithotripsy using ...
Wagner A J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The routine use of laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) for common bile duct (CBD) stones discovered during cholecystectomy would be further supported if the long-term outcomes were similar to those for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography with endoscopic papillotomy (ERCP/EP). METHODS: A retrospective review was completed of 151 patients who ...
Aron Monish - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of superior pole access for complex lower pole calyceal calculi. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, 102 patients with complex inferior calyceal calculi were included in a prospective unrandomized study. Complex inferior calyceal calculi were defined as multiple calculi in two or more inferior calyces of ...
Sofer Mario - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To present a combined endourologic approach to treat bladder calculi consisting of simultaneous percutaneous suprapubic and transurethral cystolithotripsy. METHODS: We report on a series of 12 consecutive patients with bladder stone burdens of 40 mm or greater. Percutaneous 30F access was obtained under cystoscopic control. Fragmentation and stone removal ...
Yaycioglu Ozgur - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To compare the success and complication rates in the treatment of ureteral stones with a 7.5F versus a 10F ureteroscope. METHODS: A total of 100 patients who were scheduled for ureteroscopy to treat ureteral calculi between December 2000 and December 2002 were randomly assigned to procedures with a 7.5F ...
Ogden John A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Plantar fasciitis is a common foot disorder that may be resistant to nonoperative treatment. This study evaluated the use of electrohydraulic high-energy shock waves in patients who failed to respond to a minimum of six months of antecedent nonoperative treatment. METHODS: A randomized, placebo-controlled, multiply blinded, crossover study was ...
Tunc Lutfi L Department of Urology, Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2004
To determine the efficacy of shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) in anomalous kidneys. From October 1990 to October 2002, 150 patients (93 men and 57 women) with anomalous urinary tracts, including 45 horseshoe kidneys, 57 duplex kidneys, 30 malrotated kidneys, 14 pelvic and four crossed ectopic kidneys were treated with SWL ...
Damiano Rocco - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a study to assess the need for routine ureteral stenting after ureteroscopic stone removal using Lithoclast pneumatic intracorporeal lithotripsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 104 patients, prospectively divided in two groups to receive (group A, 52 patients) or not (group B, 52 patients) a stent after ...
Onal Bülent - - 2004
PURPOSE: The clearance rather than stone disintegration of lower pole stones after shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) is significantly inferior according to the other localizations of the kidney. We retrospectively evaluated the impact of caliceal pelvic anatomy on stone clearance after SWL for pediatric lower pole stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We ...
Jou Yeong-Chin - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To perform a retrospective study to assess the efficacy and safety of electrocauterization of bleeding points after stone extraction using the data from 249 percutaneous nephrolithotomies. METHODS: A total of 341 percutaneous nephrolithotomies in 324 patients were performed at the Chiayi Christian Hospital from July 2000 to July 2003. ...
Shokeir Ahmed A - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To present our experience with percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in the treatment of large stones within horseshoe kidneys. METHODS: The study included 34 patients with 45 stone-bearing horseshoe kidneys treated by PCNL in one center. The indications for PCNL were large stone burden (greater than 2 cm) in 10 kidneys ...
Dasgupta P P Endo-urology Unit, Guys and St Thomas' Hospital, London, UK. - - 2004
To report our outcomes with small diameter, actively deflectable flexible ureterorenoscopy from a prospective database. 114 flexible ureterorenoscopies were performed in 105 patients (mean age, 49.5 years; range, 19-85 years; 71 males, 34 females) over a 9-month period. Of these, 101 were for refractory stones following failed ESWL and 13 ...
Porpiglia Francesco - - 2004
PURPOSE: We evaluate and compare the effectiveness of 2 different medical therapies during watchful waiting in patients with lower ureteral stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 86 patients with stones less than 1 cm located in the lower ureter (juxtavesical or intramural tract) were enrolled in the study and ...
Bithelis G - - 2004
PURPOSE: To determine the composition and the extent of crystalline (and other) encrustation on ureteral catheters inserted under sterile conditions in stone formers, in comparison with catheters of the same type inserted in nonstone formers for the same time but for different clinical reasons. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty consecutive self-retained ...
Desai Mahesh R - - 2004
PURPOSE: We compared postoperative outcomes among tubeless, conventional large bore nephrostomy drainage and small bore nephrostomy drainage following percutaneous nephrostolithotomy (PCNL) in a prospective randomized fashion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January and June 2001, 30 patients undergoing PCNL were randomized to receive conventional large bore (20Fr) nephrostomy drainage (group 1, ...
Tan A H - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) is widely practiced in the management of pediatric urolithiasis. However, the efficacy, need for ancillary procedures, and treatment-related complications are not as clearly defined as in the adult population. We reviewed the outcomes of SWL in the pediatric population at our lithotripsy unit. PATIENTS ...
Dai Jian-Hua - - 2004
Rough set axiomatization is one aspect of rough set study to characterize rough set theory using dependable and minimal axiom groups. Thus, rough set theory can be studied by logic and axiom system methods. The classic rough set theory is based on equivalent relation, but rough set theory based on ...
Mariani Albert J - - 2004
PURPOSE: Percutaneous nephrolithotripsy is standard treatment for renal calculi greater than 2 cm. Modern flexible ureteroscopes using the complementary effects of electrohydraulic (EHL) and Ho:YAG laser lithotrites can treat 2 to 4 cm renal calculi in minimally invasive fashion with similar or superior results. We evaluated the safety and efficacy ...
Satar Nihat - - 2004
PURPOSE: We assess the safety and efficacy of rigid ureteroscopy for the treatment of pediatric ureterolithiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of 33 children with an average age of 7.4 years (range 9 months to 15 years) treated with rigid ureteroscopy between May 1995 and July 2003 were reviewed. In ...
Vladzymyrskyy Anton V - - 2004
Telemedicine widely takes root in all branches of modern medicine including traumatology and orthopedics. The main goal of this work was to present our experience with asynchronic teleconsultation in daily clinical practice, in particular in the treatment of polytrauma patients. Throughout 2000 and 2003, we carried out 144 teleconsultations for ...
Rizzato Gianfranco - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The percentage of organ-specific extrapulmonary presentation of sarcoidosis has usually been estimated on the basis of retrospective studies, with figures varying in the range of 7-22%. We have hypothesized that a prospective study could give a higher figure, and could better outline the variable pattern of extrapulmonary ...
Sharma Nastu - - 2004
A retrospective study on urinary bladder stones among the patients seeking treatment in Okhaldunga Hospital was carried out for six calendar years from 1988 to 1994. Forty-six cases of bladder stones were identified during that period. Among them, 43 patients' records were studied (93.0%) in subsequent analysis. Ninety-seven percent were ...
Capaccio Pasquale - - 2004
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The objective was to assess in a large series of patients with a long-term clinical follow-up the validity of extracorporeal electromagnetic shock wave lithotripsy as a minimally invasive therapy for sialolithiasis. STUDY DESIGN: Consecutive patient series. METHODS: Three hundred twenty-two consecutive symptomatic outpatients with single or multiple calculi in ...
Karami Hossein - - 2004
PURPOSE: Significant early postoperative discomfort after percutaneous procedures is usually secondary to nephrostomy tubes and externalized ureteral catheters. We describe our modification of the traditional percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) approach that we name "totally tubeless PCNL." PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between June 2000 and May 2001, 60 consecutive PCNLs were performed at ...
Zenk Johannes - - 2004
The use of extracorporeal shock waves in the treatment of submandibular stones is a minimally invasive approach for the treatment of this disease. Its clinical significance has been determined in a long-term retrospective study, performed as follow-up to the short-term results. From 1989 to 1994, 197 patients (88 female, 109 ...
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