Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1732
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Abe Taku - - 2005
PURPOSE: We investigated the risk factors having an impact on the achievement of stone-free status and on the success rate, as well as on the likelihood of recurrence, in patients undergoing shockwave lithotripsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated the characteristics and outcomes of 3023 patients (3254 renal units) with upper ...
Mandhani Anil - - 2005
PURPOSE: To critically assess the safety profile and complications of the transperitoneal approach to laparoscopic pyeloplasty at our center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2002 to January 2004, 92 patients with a mean age of 22.78 +/- 15.15 years (range 14 months-65 years) with primary (N = 90) or secondary ...
Shah Hemendra N - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of bilateral simultaneous tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). METHODS: From August 2004 to January 2005, 10 patients underwent bilateral simultaneous tubeless PCNL. Patients needing more than two percutaneous tracts, having significant intraoperative bleeding, or a residual stone burden were excluded from the study group. ...
Tarocco Federico - - 2005
Entomopathogenic fungi are widely produced for use as mycoinsecticides. Therefore, improvement of the shelf life of fungal propagules under good and adverse conditions should be a pre-requisite of their production. In order to improve conidial physiology as well as mycoinsecticide efficiency, culture conditions may be varied. The Doehlert design was ...
Albala David M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To review a multicentre experience of using a transportable lithotripter (STS-T, Medstone, Inc, Aliso Viejo, CA. USA) for treating patients with urolithiasis in all parts of the urinary tract. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, 326 patients with a total of 370 stones were treated as outpatients with the STS-T ...
Chen Chih Shou - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) has a variable but low success rate for impacted stones of the upper ureter. Ureterorenoscopic stone manipulation is another option, the appropriateness of which decreases with increasing size of the stone. This report examines the feasibility and effectiveness of ureterorenoscopic holmium:YAG lasertripsy (URSL) for ...
Pace Kenneth T - - 2005
PURPOSE: The rate of shock wave administration is a factor in the per shock efficiency of shock wave lithotripsy (SWL). Experimental evidence suggests that decreasing shock wave frequency from 120 shocks per minute results in improved stone fragmentation. To our knowledge this study is the first to examine the effect ...
Ceylan Kadir - - 2005
Ureteroscopes and different lithotripsy methods have greatly improved the urologist's ability to treat ureteral stones, regardless of their location in the ureter. We retrospectively reviewed our experience with ureteroscopic pneumatic lithotriptor in 287 patients with ureteral calculi. Ureteroscopic stone treatment was performed between October 1999 and May 2004. Of 221 ...
Gravina Giovanni Luca - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To design a randomized, no-treatment, controlled, prospective study to determine whether the administration of tamsulosin, as adjunctive medical therapy, increases the efficacy of one extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) session to treat renal stones and decreases the use of analgesic drugs after the procedure. METHODS: A total of 130 ...
Furia John P - - 2005
Extracorporeal shock wave therapy was investigated in patients with chronic plantar fasciitis. Fifty-three patients (60 heels) were treated with a single ses sion of shock wave therapy. Sixteen patients (19 heels) were active, 21 (22 heels) were moderately active, and 16 (19 heels) were sedentary. Twelve weeks post-treatment, mean visual ...
Stephensen H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: B waves, slow and rhythmic oscillations in intracranial pressure (ICP), are claimed to be one of the best predictors of outcome after surgery for normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH). OBJECT: To determine the relation between the percentage of B waves and outcome in patients with hydrocephalus, and also the diurnal ...
Shim Chan Sup - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cholecystoscopic lithotripsy can be an alternative procedure for the treatment of impacted cystic duct stones in patients who are high risk for surgery. Conventional methods, including electrohydraulic lithotripsy (EHL), occasionally fail due to the inability to access or capture the impacted stones in the narrow, spirally long cystic duct. ...
Resim Sefa - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We aimed to objectively determine whether tamsulosin as an alpha(1)-blocker was effective in patients who had ureterolithiasis located in the lower part of the ureter. METHODS: Sixty patients with lower ureteral calculi (juxtavesical or intramural portion) were included in the present study. Conservative treatment, such as hydration and tenoxicam ...
Resim Sefa - - 2005
The aim of this study was to compare the clinical efficacy of electro-acupuncture (EA) with the combination of tramadol+midazolam (TM) for pain relief during outpatient extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL). A total of 35 patients (20 men, 15 women) with stones located in the pelvicalyceal system of the kidney were randomized ...
Symes A - - 2005
Extra corporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) is the treatment of choice for the majority of renal stones, however, it has the lowest success rate in complete clearance of stones located in the lower pole. We assess whether pelvi-calyceal height is a useful measurement in predicting successful stone clearance from the lower ...
Suwannarat Pim - - 2005
Alkaptonuria, a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the HGD gene and deficiency of homogentisate 1,2 dioxygenase, is characterized by ochronosis, arthritis, and daily excretion of gram quantities of homogentisic acid (HGA). Nitisinone, an inhibitor of the enzyme 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase, can drastically reduce urinary excretion of HGA in ...
Handa Tomohiro - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that there is an association between low BALF (bronchoalveolar lavage fluid) CD4/CD8 ratio and lower remission rates in sarcoidosis patients. AIM: To investigate the patient characteristics and clinical features of Japanese sarcoidosis patients with low BALF CD4/CD8 ratios. METHODS: 322 Japanese sarcoidosis patients were retrospectively ...
Wu Ching-Fang - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To compare the safety and cost-effectiveness of ureterorenoscopic holmium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (YAG) laser lithotripsy (URSL) with extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) for proximal ureteral stones. METHODS: This investigation assessed 220 patients with upper ureteral stones. Those in the ESWL group were treated on an outpatient basis using the Medispec Econolith 2000 ...
Yilmaz Erdal - - 2005
PURPOSE: alpha1-Adrenergic blockers have recently been shown to increase the rate of spontaneous passage of distal ureteral stones. We compared efficacy of 3 different alpha1-adrenergic blockers for this purpose. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 114 patients between 18 and 65 years old who had lower ureteral stones were included ...
Pettrone Frank A - - 2005
The use of extracorporeal shock wave therapy for the treatment of lateral epicondylitis is controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of extracorporeal shock wave therapy without local anesthesia to treat chronic lateral epicondylitis. One hundred and fourteen patients with a minimum six-month history of lateral ...
Chiong Edmund - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether mechanical percussion, diuresis, and inversion (PDI) therapy after shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) improves the clearance rates of lower pole renal stones. METHODS: In this single-blind study, 108 patients who underwent SWL treatment for lower pole renal stones with a total diameter of 2 cm or less ...
Morizane Isao - - 2005
The effects of transient cochlear ischemia on the stria vascularis were studied. Fifteen minutes of ischemia decreased the endocochlear potential by up to 17.5 mV on day 1; it returned to normal on day 7. Immunostaining for Na+,K+-ATPase, a marker for the Na+/K+-pump, and for connexin 26, a marker for ...
Tiselius Hans-Göran - - 2005
A literature review was made to obtain information on the treatment efforts required for a successful removal of ureteral stones when extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) or ureteroscopic stone extraction or disintegration (URS) were used as primary procedures. Data were collected from 59 reports on ESWL and 23 on URS. ...
Tzeng Jeng-Jie - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The role of juxtapapillary diverticulum ( JPD) in biliary stone formation is controversial. This study was designed to understand the relationship between the size of JPD, hepatic clearance and recurrent bile duct stones in patients after endoscopic sphincterotomy. METHODS: Five hundred and twenty patients with choledocholithiasis who ...
Mattle D - - 2005
Using the keywords "urolithiasis and citrate treatment", "nephrolithaisis and citrate treatment", "kidney stones and citrate treatment", a Medline search revealed 635 articles published between 1 January 1966 and 1 December 2004. For the present analysis, only studies meeting all of the following criteria were included: (1) publications in English or ...
De Dominicis Mauro - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of ureteroscopy plus intracorporeal lithotripsy (ULT) with extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) for treating distal ureteric calculi in childhood, as such stones are commonly treated by ESWL as the first option in adults but there is no agreement on the method of treating ...
Ng Jonathon Q - - 2005
BACKGROUND: To compare surgical procedure rates between metropolitan and rural/remote residents in Western Australia (WA). METHODS: The WA Data Linkage System was used to identify all patients who underwent a procedure for cataract, ureteric calculi or urinary outflow obstruction symptoms for the time periods 1981-2000, 1981-1997 and 1981-1995, respectively. Age-standardized ...
Hafron Jason - - 2005
PURPOSE: To investigate the feasibility and initial outcomes of a combination of ureterorenoscopy (URS) using holmium laser lithotripsy and extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) in a single outpatient session for the treatment of large renal stone burdens in patients refusing or unsuitable for percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fourteen patients ...
Weiss Steven J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesize that the number of patients who leave without being seen is correlated with the simple-to-use National Emergency Department Overcrowding Scale (NEDOCS). METHODS: Results of a 6-item ED overcrowding scale (NEDOCS) were collected prospectively over a 17-day study period. The following additional data were extracted from records for ...
Flasko Tibor - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate retrospectively the results and complication, efficacy, and safety rates of laparoscopic ureterolithotomy in the treatment of large, impacted ureteric stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between September 1994 and December 2003, 73 patients underwent 75 laparoscopic ureterolithotomies (LUL). Mid- and upper-ureteric stones were removed retroperitoneally in 69 cases (92%). ...
Zhang Xiu-Feng - - 2005
AIM: To identify whether the polymorphisms of the N-acetyltransferase (NAT) genes are susceptible to primary liver cancer (PLC) in Luoyang, a PLC low-incidence area of China. METHODS: The NAT1 and NAT2 genotypes of 96 PLC cases and 173 controls were determined by PCR-RFLP. Both interaction between NAT1 or NAT2 and ...
Jou Yeong-Chin - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of holmium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (YAG) laser lithotripsy for percutaneous nephrolithotomy in a cohort of 349 consecutive procedures. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 334 patients who had undergone 349 percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) procedures conducted at our hospital from January 2001 to March 2004 in ...
Minutolo V - - 2005
AIM: We studied several ultrasounds patterns concerning gallbladder, biliary tract and gallstones to identify some predictive signs of difficulties during LC. PATIENTS & METHODS: 112 patients (24 females), 25-75 years old, upper abdomen operated patients not included. From 7 ultrasounds patterns 4 degrees of potential intra-operative difficulty (0-3) were obtained. ...
Halalsheh M - - 2005
A 96 m3 UASB reactor was operated for 2.5 years under different conditions to assess the feasibility of treating strong sewage (COD(tot) = 1531 mg/l) at ambient temperatures with averages of 18 and 25 degrees C for winter and summer respectively. During the first year, the reactor was operated as ...
Raza Asif - - 2005
PURPOSE: To report our experience with ureteroscopy in the treatment of pediatric urinary tract calculi and present a review of the literature. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 1988 and 2003, 52 ureteroscopic procedures were performed in 25 male and 10 female children aged 11 months to 15 years (mean 5.9 years). ...
Abdel Moniem, AM; Assiut ...
Objectives: The aim of this work is to study the impact of using multiple windows of shock wave application on the results of ESWL therapy for renal calculi. Patients and Methods: Between January 1996 and October 2002, 676 patients with single pelvic stones &#8804; 2.5 cm and either no or ...
Chen C- H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: A review of the literature pertaining to percutaneous transhepatic cholangioscopic lithotomy (PTCSL) showed that more than 50% of reported patients had undergone earlier biliary surgery. METHODS: A retrospective study investigated 74 patients undergoing initial PTCSL for hepatolithiasis who had undergone no prior biliary surgery or manipulation. The patients were ...
Al-Kohlany Khaled M - - 2005
PURPOSE: We studied the role of open surgery versus percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in the treatment of complete staghorn stones in a prospective randomized manner. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 79 patients with 88 complete staghorn stones, defined as filling the entire collecting system or at least 80% of it, ...
Li Yong - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hepatocholangioplasty combined with choledochostomy was designed through an isolated jejunum passage in 1988. This study was undertaken to evaluate its long-term curative effects in 163 patients. METHODS: The 163 patients with hepatolithiasis complicated by stricture were treated with this procedure from 1988 to 2003. RESULTS: Among these patients, 19 ...
Sheir Khaled Z - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To present the results of the first clinical study of a synchronous twin-pulse technique for extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL), which is effective for in vitro stone fragmentation and safe when assessed in vivo on animal tissue. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty patients with urinary stones (35 men and 15 women) ...
Rao M Prasad - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To establish the safety and efficacy of ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URSL) under sedoanalgesia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was conducted at Department of Urology (Banaras Hindu University, India) among 124 patients with ureteral stones, between July 2000 and August 2003. Majority of the patients (59.68%) presented with lower ureteric calculi, ...
Ilker Y - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: There has been a steady increase in the number of ureteroscopic laser lithotripsy. In addition to its soft tissue applications Holmium:YAG laser has also been found an excellent intracorporeal lithotripter for all kinds of stones. We here present the results of patients treated with Holmium:YAG laser lithotripsy in our ...
Seo Seong Il - - 2005
PURPOSE: We report our experience with hand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (HALDN) and compare to our results with conventional open donor nephrectomy (ODN). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From February 2000 to January 2003, 100 patients (M:F 54:46) underwent HALDN at the Kangnam St. Mary's hospital. These patients were divided into early (1st ...
Bartel Twyla B - - 2005
This study investigated the use of a corn oil emulsion as an inexpensive alternative to sincalide in the scintigraphic diagnosis of chronic acalculous cholecystitis (CAC). METHODS: Thirty patients with abdominal or right upper quadrant pain underwent (99m)Tc-disofenin hepatobiliary imaging for 60 min. After gallbladder filling, 30 mL of corn oil ...
Hsu Jong-Ming - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Retrograde decompression is generally not advocated for patients with sepsis owing to ureteral obstruction by stone impaction, and the initial treatment of choice is percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN). We report our experience with the treatment of urosepsis with retrograde ureteroscopy (URS) instead of PCN drainage. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-six consecutive ...
Pareek Gyan - - 2005
To determine whether body mass index (BMI) and Hounsfield units (HUs) could be used as independent predictors of stone-free status after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). No detailed studies have assessed BMI as an independent predictor of ESWL outcome. Some studies have suggested that HUs of urinary calculi on noncontrast ...
Meria Paul - - 2005
Large pelvic stones are frequently managed with percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) but laparoscopic transperitoneal pyelolithotomy (LTP) can be an alternative. We compared PCNL and LTP for the treatment of pelvic stones >20 mm in diameter. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between November 1999 and November 2004, 16 consecutive patients, mean age 42, with ...
Aridogan I Atilla - - 2005
PURPOSE: To document the perioperative and early postoperative complications of pneumatic ureterolithotripsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 1997 and December 2003, pneumatic ureterolithotripsy was performed in 665 male and 314 female patients for stones >0.5 cm. The age range was 9 months to 72 years (mean 41 years). Preoperatively, intravenous ...
Viswaroop Bobby - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Use of shock-wave lithotripsy (SWL) for lower caliceal calculus is associated with a relatively high rate of residual fragments. Various radiographic anatomical factors of the lower calix predicting the outcome of lithotripsy have been described and have generated considerable discussion. We aimed to reassess the role of these factors ...
Tang Chung-Ngai - - 2005
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: We reviewed the selective use of hand-assisted laparoscopic segmentectomy (HALS) and laparoscopic choledochoduodenostomy (LCD) in the management of recurrent pyogenic cholangitis (RPC). METHODS: We carried out a retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database of laparoscopic treatment of RPC during the period 1995 to 2004. The perioperative data were ...
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