Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1751
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Mohkam Masoumeh - - 2007
Urinary tract calculi have been reported to account for between 1 in 1,000 and 1 in 7,600 hospital admissions in children in the USA. The annual incidence of urolithiasis in patients older than 10 years is 109 per 100,000 of the population in men and 36 per 100,000 of the ...
Rizvi Syed
<b>Objectives:</b> To describe an evaluation protocol for pediatric stone formers for risk assessment and management strategies. <b> Materials and Methods:</b> Between 2002-2006, 2618 children of age three months to 15 years were evaluated for stone disease. Evaluation included demographics, history, anthropometry, diet, ultrasound, X-ray KUB, IVU, blood and 24h urine ...
Karlsen Steinar J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To establish the best treatment modality in our hospitals for patients with proximal-ureteral calculi 5 to 10 mm, we compared the treatment outcome in those who underwent primary ureteroscopy (URS) with that in patients who underwent primary in-situ SWL. The primary endpoints were stone-free rates at 3 weeks and ...
Morris-Stiff G J - - 2007
Aims. To determine the prevalence of bactibilia in patients undergoing cholecystectomy and to relate the presence or absence of organisms to the preoperative and postoperative course. Patients and methods. Patients undergoing cholecystectomy under the care of a single consultant surgeon during a continuous 5-year period were identified from a prospectively ...
Dogan Hasan Serkan - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the infectious complications, microorganism distribution and antibacterial treatment in patients who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Three hundred and thirty-eight patients who were 17 years age or older who underwent PCNL between January 2001 and December 2002 have been evaluated retrospectively. Urine cultures obtained before, ...
Akay Ali Ferruh - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: In the present study, we investigated the effects of the Body Mass Index (BMI), the Body Fat Percentage (BFP), and the Body Fat Mass (BFM) on success of SWL, prospectively. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The BMI, BFP, BFM values of patients, who were treated by SWL due to upper urinary ...
Sabeti Manuel - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal shock-wave therapy is recommended for calcifying tendinitis, and navigated low-energy therapy has given better results than biofeedback localization. This investigation was planned to analyze whether the outcome of navigated low-energy shock-wave therapy can be improved by raising energy flux density to middle-energy levels. The clinical and radiological differences ...
Triantafyllidis A - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate effectiveness and safety of intracorporeal holmium:YAG (Ho:YAG) laser lithotripsy of ureteral calculi. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between October 2003 and September 2005, 45 patients (age range 27-74, mean age 51.5 years) with 49 ureteral stones (measuring 4-28 mm in size) were treated with Ho:YAG laser lithotripsy. The locations ...
Li Wei-Ming - - 2007
AIM: To determine efficacy and clinical predictors of stone fragmentation when using slow-rate shock wave lithotripsy (SWL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In total, 116 patients with radiopaque urinary tract stones were randomized into two groups: 57 patients were treated with SWL at 90 shocks/min, and 59 patients were treated with SWL ...
Watanabe Hidetaka - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to evaluate the therapeutic outcome and early postoperative complications, especially pancreatitis, of endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD) and endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) in patients with common bile duct stones in our department. METHODS: One hundred eighty patients with common bile duct stones were randomized to undergo ...
Polle Sebastiaan W - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the feasibility of a fast-track (FT) program and it's effect on postoperative recovery. METHODS: All patients, scheduled for elective segmental colorectal resection were treated in a FT program (FT group). Data were compared to a control group operated for elective colorectal resections and treated in a traditional ...
Salman Muwafak - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To define the factors that affect the success rate of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) for the treatment of ureteric stones. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2000 and December 2003, 468 patients with ureteric stones underwent in situ ESWL using Storz SL 20 lithotriptor. The results of treatment were ...
Tsujino Takeshi - - 2007
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The long-term outcomes of endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD) for bile duct stone removal are not well known. METHODS: A total of 1000 patients with bile duct stones were treated with EPBD. After assessing immediate outcomes, patients were followed up for late biliary complications. RESULTS: Complete bile ...
Tavakkoli Tabasi Kamyar - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the results and complications of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) plus retrograde ureteroscopic lithotripsy using laser and pneumatic lithotriptors with SWL monotherapy for renal pelvic calculi between 2 cm and 3 cm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 55 patients with ...
El-Assmy Ahmed - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a prospective randomized study to investigate the relation between the degree of stone-induced hydronephrosis and the outcome of extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL) in patients with lumbar ureter stones. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 284 patients with solitary lumbar ureter stones with or without hydronephrosis were treated ...
Tabibi Ali - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Since the introduction of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), many changes have been added regarding the entrance to pyelocalyceal system such as insertion of the needle pointed to an opaque stone as a guided landmark. We aim at comparing the outcomes of managing renal calculi with and without retrograde pyelography. MATERIALS ...
Jou Yeong-chin - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of high-power holmium-yttrium-aluminum-garnet (YAG) laser lithotripsy for percutaneous nephrolithotomy in patients with large renal stones. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 87 patients who underwent 91 percutaneous nephrolithotomy procedures at our hospital from April 2004 to June 2005, during which a holmium-YAG ...
de Brito Luciana V R - - 2007
Seawater is a complex corrosive system, and biofouling is one of the factors that influences corrosion processes. The behaviour of corrosion associated with the development of macrofouling was investigated during the first 6 months of the successional process. Three treatments were compared: the 'Control' treatment (absence of macrofouling); 'Community' treatment, ...
Turna Burak - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Studies reporting the outcome of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in relation to stone burden and configuration are limited. We analyzed our stone-free and complication rates of PCNL with regard to stone surface area and configuration. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data of 234 patients who underwent PCNL were analyzed retrospectively. ...
Mandhani A - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of ureteroscopy for lower ureteric stones without the use of fluoroscopy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between June 2001 and January 2005, a total of 110 patients with a mean age of 33.5 years (range 12-65) suffering from of lower ureteral ...
Nikoobakht Mohammad Reza - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to compare transureteral lithotripsy (TUL) and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) in the management of upper ureteral calculi larger than 5 mm in diameter. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who had upper ureteral calculi greater than 5 mm in diameter were enrolled in this clinical trial. The ...
Mariani Albert J - - 2007
PURPOSE: Percutaneous nephrolithotripsy is standard treatment for renal calculi larger than 2 cm. Modern flexible ureteroscopes and accessories using the complimentary effects of electrohydraulic lithotripsy and holmium:YAG laser lithotrites can treat large (greater than 4 cm) branched renal calculi in a minimally invasive fashion with similar or superior results. This ...
Simforoosh Naser - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic surgery for the management of ureteral calculi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed 123 laparoscopic calculus removal in 103 men and 31 women. Indications for the procedure were extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy or transureteral lithotomy failure and large calculus. The ...
Tefekli Ahmet - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively compare the outcome of standard and tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) in a selected group of patients with renal stones. METHODS: Patients with simple, isolated renal pelvis or lower pole caliceal stones and no significant hydronephrosis were randomly enrolled to undergo either standard PNL, in which routine nephrostomy ...
Sarica Kemal - - 2007
Prevention of recurrent stone formation will only be possible with careful metabolic evaluation and appropriate management. In this present prospective study, a total of 95 patients with calcium oxalate (CaOx) stone disease were evaluated with respect to the effects of a calcium channel blocking agent (verapamil) therapy on stone-forming risk ...
Hoag Christopher C - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: There is little documentation of the efficacy of the Doli-S lithotripter. This study investigated the outcome of ESWL with the Doli-S lithotripter on previously untreated renal calculi. METHODS: Over a 12 month period, 105 consecutive patients with renal stones, treated by a single urologist were enrolled in the study. ...
Shah Hemendra N - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of supracostal access in tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From September 2004 to November 2005, tubeless PCNL using supracostal access was done for 72 patients at our institute. Patients requiring more than two percutaneous tracts or with significant intraoperative bleeding or ...
Blanco-Rodríguez G - - 2006
AIM OF THE STUDY: We describe a new endoscopic procedure for membranectomy of fenestrated duodenal membranes. METHODS: With the patients under general anesthesia and tracheally intubated, a flexible video-panendoscope was introduced into the second portion of the duodenum. The fenestrated membrane was visualized and a triple-lumen stone extraction balloon of ...
Gürbüz Zafer Gökhan - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ureteroscopic intracorporeal lithotripsy for solitary distal-ureteral stones may be considered a first-line therapy. However, few reports that mention ureteroscopic procedures for multiple ureteral stones were found in the literature. Retrospectively, we reviewed our patients who were treated by ureteroscopy for multiple distal-ureteral stones. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifteen ...
Tugcu Volkan - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We reviewed our experiences with ureteroscopic pneumatic lithotripsy (URS-PL) for the treatment of distal-ureteral stones and investigated whether failed extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) is a limiting factor for the ureteroscopic procedure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively studied the medical records of 375 patients treated with URS-PL from ...
Morino Mario - - 2006
To compare success rate, length of hospital stay, clinical results, and costs of sequential treatment (endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography followed by laparoscopic cholecystectomy) versus the laparoendoscopic Rendezvous in patients with cholecysto-choledocholithiasis. The ideal management of common bile duct (CBD) stones in the era of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) remains controversial. A total ...
Ghalayini Ibrahim F - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We compared the efficacy of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) and ureteroscopy (URS) for the treatment of distal ureteral calculi with respect to patient satisfaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective study where a total of 212 patients with solitary, radiopaque distal ureteral calculi were treated with ESWL ...
Arrabal-Martín M - - 2006
To analyze the evolution of residual lithiasis after renal extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) and to show the prolonged efficacy of thiazides in the treatment of residual lithiasis in patients with calcium lithiasis. We performed a longitudinal, analytical, 36-month study in 100 patients with residual calcium lithiasis after ESWL randomly ...
Davenport Kim - - 2006
PURPOSE: In this study we prospectively compared 2 rates of shock wave delivery, 60 and 120 shock waves per minute, to determine whether rate affects outcome with the Dornier Lithotripter S, a lithotriptor with an electromagnetic shock wave source, for renal calculi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 104 patients ...
El-Assmy Ahmed - - 2006
PURPOSE: We performed a prospective, randomized clinical trial to evaluate the outcome of ureteral stents for solitary ureteral stones 2 cm or less in moderately or severely obstructed systems using shock wave lithotripsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2001 and 2004, 186 patients who met study criteria were randomized into 2 ...
Dorotka Ronald R Orthopaedic Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, Vienna, Austria. - - 2006
Focused extracorporeal shock waves (ESWT) has been used in the treatment of plantar fasciitis with heel spurs. The optimal location for administering treatment, however, has not been determined. The purpose of this study was to determine whether fluoroscopy-guided location of a heel spur or patient location of the maximal point ...
Halachmi Sarel - - 2006
PURPOSE: We assessed the efficacy of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for large (more than 10 mm) ureteral calculi with the unmodified Dornier HM3 lithotriptor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 96 consecutive patients with large ureteral stones were treated with shock wave lithotripsy using an unmodified HM3 lithotriptor. Patients, stone ...
Ramakrishnan Prem A - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Management of complete staghorn calculi represents a challenging problem for urologists. We describe our technique and clinical experience with modified anatrophic nephrolithotomy in patients harboring large, extensively branched staghorn calculi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From October 1996 to February 2005 twenty-six patients with complete staghorn calculi defined as filling the ...
Hasegawa Midori - - 2006
Twenty-one patients with myeloperoxidase-antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (MPO-ANCA)-associated vasculitis were treated using cytapheresis. Of these, 17 were treated for glomerulonephritis and four were treated for pulmonary hemorrhage. The overall survival rate was 85.7% with a follow-up duration of 24.0 +/- 13.8 months. In the 17 patients with MPO-ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis, pretreatment creatinine ...
Kanao Kent - - 2006
PURPOSE: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy is currently accepted as a first line treatment modality for urolithiasis. In obtaining informed consent it is important to inform patients of the stone-free rate with extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy before surgery. The present study was performed to develop preoperative nomograms for predicting stone-free rates ...
Krishnamurthy Shakuntala - - 2006
This study was undertaken to test the effect of sequential administration of an opioid and intravenous cholecystokinin (CCK) on gallbladder ejection fraction. METHODS: Forty-nine patients who had received an opioid underwent quantitative cholescintigraphy with octapeptide of CCK (CCK-8). Gallbladder ejection fraction and CCK-8-induced paradoxical filling were calculated. RESULTS: In the ...
Micali S - - 2006
PURPOSE: Phyllanthus niruri is a plant used in Brazilian folk medicine for the treatment of urolithiasis. We assessed the efficacy of P. niruri after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for renal stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 150 patients with renal stones that were as large as 25 mm and ...
el-Nahas Ahmed R - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To present our experience in percutaneous management of large upper tract stones after urinary diversion. METHODS: From October 1984 to March 2005, 20 percutaneous nephrolithotomy and 4 antegrade ureteroscopy procedures were performed in 17 men and 7 women, with a mean age of 53.5 years. The urinary diversions were ...
Mohseni Mohammad G - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of lubricating jelly instillation proximal to the upper ureteral calculi during lithotripsy on the prevention of retrograde stone displacement and the stone-free rate. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with upper ureteral calculi of less than 2 cm were randomized into two groups: jelly instillation (n = 16) ...
Shokeir Ahmed A - - 2006
PURPOSE: We compared the results of percutaneous nephrolithotomy and shock wave lithotripsy for the treatment of 1 to 2 cm renal stones in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 166 children with renal stones 1 to 2 cm. A total of 75 patients (82 kidneys) were treated with percutaneous ...
Holland R - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) is a recent addition to the treatment options for renal calculi. Therefore, the indications, as well as the predictors of success, are still being studied. Herein, we report a retrospective comparison of RIRS performed as the primary treatment and as second-line therapy, mostly ...
Keizman D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic sphincterotomy and stone extraction are standard procedures for the removal of bile duct stones. Stone recurrence can, however, occur in up to 25% of cases. Risk factors have been poorly defined, but are believed to be related to bile stasis. This study investigated whether an angulated common bile ...
Li Shao-Qiang SQ Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yet-san University, Guangzhou 510080, Guangdong Province, - - 2006
To evaluate the long-term outcome and surgical indications of hepaticojejunostomy (HJ) for the treatment of hepatolithiasis. Three hundred and fourteen elective cases with hepatolithiasis but without biliary stricture or cystic dilatation treated in the past 10 years were reviewed retrospectively. The patients were divided into HJ group and T tube ...
Cremonesi Marta - - 2006
PURPOSE: The widespread interest in (90)Y internal radionuclide treatments has drawn attention to the issue of radiation protection for staff. Our aim in this study was to identify personnel at risk and to validate the protection devices used. METHODS: (90)Y-MoAb (Zevalin, 15 cases, 1.1 GBq/patient) and (90)Y-peptide ((90)Y-DOTATOC) systemic (i.v., ...
Gautam Gagan - - 2006
We present a 38-year-old lady with a prolonged indwelling ureteral stent that had been placed for pain relief after development of Steinstrasse following extracorporeal lithotripsy for a 2.5-cm left renal calculus. The patient developed candidal urosepsis within 6 hours after ureteroscopy and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) for the removal of residual ...
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