Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1557
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Tsai Hsin-Lin - - 2008
Various venous approaches are possible during implanting a totally venous access port. The veins, which are commonly used in pediatric patients are internal and external jugular veins. Comparison of different venous approaches has been discussed in a few reports only. The present study reviews the complication rate, operation time of ...
Cheng Daniel - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine if alteplase infusion for the treatment of loculated abdominopelvic abscesses requiring percutaneous catheter drainage was superior to saline solution infusion. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This study was a single-center prospective randomized trial. Patients with loculated abdominopelvic abscesses unsuccessfully drained by initial catheter placement were randomized to receive the ...
Berzin Tyler M - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical success of discharging patients with persistent drainage from percutaneous pancreatic catheters and to identify factors related to complications and re-admission. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors identified 15 patients with necrotizing pancreatitis who were discharged with drains after computed tomographic (CT)-guided catheter drainage at their institution ...
James Matthew T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Catheter-related infections cause morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing hemodialysis. PURPOSE: To examine whether topical or intraluminal antibiotics reduce catheter-related bloodstream infection compared with no antibiotic therapy in adults undergoing hemodialysis. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases, trial registries, bibliographies, and conference proceedings up to October 2007, with no language restrictions. ...
Miller Karl A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric band port placement can require 9-25% of total implantation time. Prolonged port fixation combined with extended wound manipulation results in an elevated incidence of port-related complications (infection, port tension, pain, rotation). This study compared port fixation using a novel applier to traditional fixation using nonresorbable sutures. ...
Numanoglu Alp - - 2008
Over the past two decades, chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) has emerged as the first choice pediatric dialysis modality. A recent study visually identified the cause of malfunction of PD catheters at the Red Cross Children's Hospital in Cape Town. The reasons that could be found, lead to changed Tenckhoff insertion-techniques ...
Uslusoy Esin - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the predisposing factors in the development of phlebitis in peripheral intravenous (IV) catheterization sites in patients treated with a variety of IV infusion solutions and drugs. DATA SOURCES: Systematic observation of 568 IV sites inserted for fluid infusion and drug administration ...
Levine Howard L - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study assesses the safety and effectiveness of balloon catheters used as instruments in sinus surgery in a "real-world" multicenter registry of 1,036 patients across 27 US otolaryngology practices. METHODS: Data were collected by standardized chart review with centralized database administration for all consecutive functional endoscopic sinus surgeries that ...
Kuo Yuo-Chen - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare the tube performance and complication rates of small-bore, large-bore push-type, and large-bore pull-type gastrostomy catheters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 160 patients (74 men, 86 women; mean age, 66.9 years, range, 22-95 y) underwent percutaneous fluoroscopic gastrostomy placement between January 2004 and March 2006. Choice of ...
Bavry Anthony A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of vascular closure devices is to safely secure the arterial access site at the conclusion of catheterization procedures, thereby increasing patient comfort and decreasing time to hemostasis and ambulation. The FISH (femoral introducer sheath and hemostasis) device is novel in that the access sheath and closure component ...
Kane Robert C - - 2008
Management of anthracycline extravasation is problematic and most reports are anecdotal. On September 6, 2007, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Totect 500 mg (dexrazoxane hydrochloride for injection) for the treatment of extravasation resulting from i.v. anthracycline chemotherapy. In two studies, a total of 57 evaluable patients experienced extravasation ...
Chee L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Catheter-related blood stream infections (CRBSI) cause significant morbidity and mortality in patients with hematological malignancies. Previous studies have identified a predominance of gram-positive organisms causing CRBSI but they included both neutropenic and non-neutropenic patients with solid organ and hematological malignancies. The aim of our study was to evaluate the ...
Kocogullari Cevdet Ugur - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: An intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) is frequently used as a mechanical support during the treatment of low cardiac output syndrome. The use of a sheath during IABP treatment can be associated with ischaemic complications in the extremities. The aim of our study was to determine the isolated role of ...
Chamsuddin Abbas - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of thrombolysis with the EndoWave peripheral infusion system in the treatment of patients with massive pulmonary embolism (PE) as compared to patients treated with catheter-directed thrombolysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten patients (five men and five women; age range, 31-85 years; mean age, 54.20 years) with ...
Fredrickson Michael J - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Large prospective studies evaluating continuous interscalene block for shoulder surgery have thus far been limited to inpatient and university teaching practices. Shoulder surgery is increasingly being performed on an outpatient basis. The aim of this case series was to prospectively evaluate a large series of interscalene catheters ...
Tsujinaka S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of ureteric catheter placement in laparoscopic colorectal surgery and to assess the morbidity related to this procedure. METHODS: Between 1994 and 2001, 313 elective laparoscopic colorectal surgeries were performed. Patients with and without ureteric catheters were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: ...
Brown Pierre Antoine - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Our centre uses a modification of the Moncrief technique of embedding peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheters. We undertook this study to test the hypothesis that catheter survival on PD is a function of the time a catheter is left embedded prior to use. METHODS: Data were retrospectively abstracted from review ...
Islam Shofiq - - 2008
PURPOSE: The most common short-term method for the delivery of parenteral antimicrobial therapy in an acute hospitalized patient has traditionally been via a short peripherally inserted intravenous cannula. This approach, however, has significant limitations, particularly in patients who require prolonged, uninterrupted intravenous access. In this article, we report on our ...
Jaffer Yasmin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Catheter-related infection (CRI) is associated with increased all-cause mortality and morbidity in hemodialysis patients and may be reduced by using antimicrobial lock solutions (ALSs). STUDY DESIGN: We performed a meta-analysis of studies identified from a search conducted in February 2007 of the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, ...
Kur┼čaklio─člu Hürkan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The Epiclose-T, a novel closure device for arterial access sites, is designed as a double-balloon device that applies direct pressure on the arteriotomy site, allowing natural coagulation and leaving no artificial material behind. We assessed prospectively the initial safety and efficacy of the Epiclose-T after diagnostic cardiac catheterization, and ...
Tran De Q H de - - 2008
A patient undergoing total knee replacement was fitted with a stimulating femoral catheter for postoperative analgesia. After the catheter was secured to the skin, the minimal stimulatory threshold was verified again and found to be extremely low (0.00-0.01 mA; pulse width, 0.1 ms). However, in spite of this situation, no ...
Mouracade Pascal - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of replacing the Double-J stent with a ureteral catheter in tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From August 1998 to February 2007, 33 patients underwent tubeless PCNL for renal calculi by the same surgeon. A retrograde 7F ureteral catheter was placed at ...
Wald Heidi L - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To explore the relationship between the extended postoperative use of indwelling urinary catheters and outcomes for older patients who have undergone cardiac, vascular, gastrointestinal, or orthopedic surgery in skilled nursing facilities and to describe patient and hospital characteristics associated with the extended use of indwelling urinary catheters. DESIGN: Retrospective ...
Bueno T M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report the experience of peripheral insertion of double-lumen central catheters (PIDLCC) in preterm and term newborn infants and to analyze the technical characteristics of the procedure and any observed complications. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of 61 newborns that had a PIDLCC between 2003 and 2006. The study comprised ...
Masaki Tadahiko - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pelvic autonomic nerve preservation (PANP) with lateral lymph node dissection (LLND) has been introduced in rectal cancer surgery in Japan; however, its indication has not been standardized yet. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-four patients with advanced lower rectal cancer were randomized to either the standard treatment group (control group) or ...
Joshi Anish
Central venous catheters are routinely placed in patients undergoing major surgeries where expected volume and hemodynamic disturbances are likely consequences. The incorrect positioning may give false central venous pressure (CVP) readings leading to incorrect volume replacement and other serious complications. 50 American Society of Anaesthesiologists grade II-IV patients aged 18-60 ...
Okoro Philemon
<b>Objective:</b> This study compared the outcome of Mathieu repair between patients who went home within 24 hours on catheter and dressing and patients who were managed in hospital for 48 hours and had their catheters and dressings removed before going home. <b> Patients and Methods:</b> A retrospective study of Mathieu ...
Rauth Thomas P - - 2008
PURPOSE: Because of concerns for infectious and hemorrhagic complications, methods of obtaining central venous access after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) vary by institution. For infants requiring ECMO, it has been our practice to exchange the venous cannula for a tunneled central venous catheter (Broviac) at the time of decannulation. The ...
Mattox Douglas E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To review the continued use of the Meniett device 2 and 3 years after the device's initial prescription. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Patients fitting American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery criteria for Ménière's disease who had failed conventional medical therapy between February ...
Broom Jennifer - - 2008
In order to assess the efficacy of 70% ethanol locks in addition to antibiotic therapy to treat tunnelled central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infections, a pilot study of 19 patients was performed prospectively using ethanol locks for 5 d in addition to antibiotic therapy to treat tunnelled central venous catheter-associated bacteraemia. ...
Schumm K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common hospital acquired infection. The major associated cause is indwelling urinary catheters. Currently there are many types of catheters available. A variety of specialized urethral catheters have been designed to reduce the risk of infection. These include antiseptic impregnated catheters and antibiotic ...
Fadel Fatina Ibrahim - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The use of hemodialysis catheters is an essential component of dialysis practice. Children are particularly likely to require multiple courses of dialysis over their lifetime, hence the repeated need for vascular access. These catheters remain a significant source of morbidity and mortality. METHODS: All catheters inserted for hemodialysis at ...
Okoro Philemon E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the outcome of Mathieu repair between patients who went home within 24 hours on catheter and dressing and patients who were managed in hospital for 48 hours and had their catheters and dressings removed before going home. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of Mathieu hypospadias ...
Samaras Panagiotis - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We assessed longevity and complications of totally implantable venous access devices in oncology patients. METHODS: 197 patients received a total of 201 port devices via the subclavian vein for delivery of chemotherapy between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2006. We reviewed the patient charts for port-related complications and ...
Hosseini Jalil - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to evaluate clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) results in combination with triamcinolone ointment for lubrication of the catheter after internal urethrotomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy patients who underwent internal urethrotomy were assigned into 2 groups and performed CIC with either triamcinolone 1% ointment or a water-based gel ...
Inan Ihsan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pleural or peritoneal effusions (ascites) are frequent in terminal stage malignancies. Medical management may be hazardous. METHODS: A 60-year-old man with metastatic malignant melanoma presented refractory ascites as well as bilateral pleural effusions. After failure of the medical treatment, bilateral pleural aspiration and paracentesis became necessary two to three ...
Silva Jorge - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The use of tunneled hemodialysis catheters as definitive vascular access is becoming increasingly more widespread, reaching 25% of all dialysis patients in some countries. The rate of infectious morbidity and mortality is much higher when catheters are used than when patients are dialyzed through grafts or native fistulas, and ...
Ponde Vrushali C - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The infraclavicular approach to the brachial plexus provides suitable anesthesia and also lends itself well to stabilizing and securing a catheter for a continuous infusion. We describe an approach for continuous infusions using an infraclavicular approach in children. METHODS: Twenty-five patients aged 8 mo to 3 yr, weighing 7-14 ...
Joshi Anish M - - 2008
Central venous catheters are routinely placed in patients undergoing major surgeries where expected volume and hemodynamic disturbances are likely consequences. The incorrect positioning may give false central venous pressure (CVP) readings leading to incorrect volume replacement and other serious complications. 50 American Society of Anaesthesiologists grade II-IV patients aged 18-60 ...
Simon Arne - - 2008
Taurolidin/Citrate (TauroLock), a lock solution with broad spectrum antimicrobial activity, may prevent bloodstream infection (BSI) due to coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS or 'MRSE' in case of methicillin-resistant isolates) in pediatric cancer patients with a long term central venous access device (CVAD, Port- or/Broviac-/Hickman-catheter type). In a single center prospective 48-months cohort ...
Büchler Jorge R - - 2008
Comparative studies between 5 French guiding catheter and others of larger size using the transfemoral approach to coronary stenting have not been described. Coronary stent implantation was performed in 90 patients in a randomized trial. The primary end-point was to compare the incidence of successful uncomplicated stent implantation per lesion ...
Carboni Giovanni L - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Residual airspace following thoracic resections is a common clinical problem. Persistent air leak, prolonged drainage time, and reduced hemostasis extend hospital stay and morbidity. We report a trial of pharmacologic-induced diaphragmatic paralysis through continuous paraphrenic injection of lidocaine to reduced residual airspace. The objectives were confirmation of diaphragmatic paralysis ...
Horn D - - 2007
Candidemia is an increasing complication of the care of complex patients. Adherence to Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) guidelines for the treatment of candidemia was investigated to assess the impact of compliance on outcomes of therapy. Data on the epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of patients with invasive fungal infections ...
Singelyn François J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The benefit-risk ratio of extended fondaparinux therapy has not been assessed in patients undergoing major lower limb joint arthroplasty. Few data on the concomitant use of fondaparinux and continuous neuraxial or deep peripheral nerve blockade are available. We performed a prospective intervention study in patients undergoing major orthopedic surgery ...
Akhan Okan - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of image-guided drainage of infected pleural effusions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical outcomes of 93 patients who underwent image-guided drainage of infected pleural effusions between 1998 and 2003 were retrospectively analyzed. Among the 93 patients, 31 (33.3%) were younger than 16 years of ...
Chen Pin-Tarng - - 2007
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare percutaneous nonangiographic insertion of a venous access device with a standard surgical cutdown insertion technique. DESIGN: Prospective, controlled, randomized study. SETTING: Operating room and anesthesia induction room of a university hospital. PATIENTS: 100 consecutive oncology patients scheduled for intravenous chemotherapy. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomized to two ...
Türkeri Levent N - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: A modified suture technique for urethro-vesical anastomosis during radical retropubic prostatectomy was developed and utilized in a cohort of patients. Comparative analysis of postoperative outcome was performed with a previous group of patients who had an anastomosis with the conventional technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A consecutive group of patients ...
Brown David W - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Routine preoperative catheterization is standard practice in patients with single-ventricle physiology before bidirectional Glenn anastomosis. Because catheterization is invasive and exposes patients to ionizing radiation, cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) may be a safe and effective alternative. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a prospective, randomized, single-center clinical trial comparing catheterization ...
Erickson Bradley A - - 2008
PURPOSE: The superiority of silicone over latex based catheters following urethral reconstructive surgery for stricture disease has been theorized, and yet data comparing their use in this group of patients are lacking. We present our findings from a prospective, randomized trial comparing silicone to hydrogel coated latex catheters in patients ...
Marcy P-Y - - 2008
AIM: To compare technical feasibility and complications of radiologically arm port device implantation using arm venography exclusively (API-Group B) with chest port placement using cephalic vein cutdown (CVC-Group A), in advanced consecutive head and neck cancer patients (HNP). METHODS: Port device placement was attempted in 225 consecutive HNP. Decision for ...
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