Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1558
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Griffin M Pamela - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the continuous infusion of papaverine-containing solutions in peripheral arterial catheters would decrease the catheter failure rate and increase the functional duration of the catheter in neonates. STUDY DESIGN: In a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, masked trial, 82 catheters were placed in 70 neonates in the ...
Lin Ming-Te - - 2005
Lacrimal outflow obstruction after severance of the duct is a common problem in facial trauma. Conventional treatments include external dacryocystorhinostomy, endoscopic-assisted dacryocystorhinostomy, conjunctivorhinostomy, and a Jones tube bypass. However, the disadvantages of these methods are that the procedures are complicated and there is a high rate of recurrence. From April ...
Dönmez Osman - - 2005
Catheter-related complications--including infection, dialysate leak, subcutaneous leak, outflowfailure, and malfunction--are the principal causes of peritoneal dialysis (PD) failure. In the present retrospective study, we evaluated the catheter-related complications that occurred in children at our facility who were started on chronic PD during the period from July 1997 to August 2004. ...
Allie David E - - 2004
The novel power-pulse spray (P-PS) technique maximizes and combines the advantages and minimizes the disadvantages of both chemical thrombolysis (CT) and rheolytic thrombectomy (RT). Forty-nine consecutive patients with iliofemoral thrombotic occlusion were treated via P-PS technique. Using a 6 Fr RT catheter, saline prime was exchanged for thrombolytic solution [group ...
Tomkowski Witold Zbyszek - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Purulent pericarditis is very rare. However, among patients suffering from this disease the mortality rate is very high. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and side effects of intrapericardial streptokinase administration in patients with confirmed purulent pericarditis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Three patients, one ...
Plassat R - - 2004
Case series of a consecutive sample. Retrospective audit. To analyze the long-term safety and efficacy of intrathecal baclofen (ITB), and technical incidents. Neurosurgical and Physical Medicine Departments of two university hospitals in western France. The medical records of 40 patients who underwent ITB pump placement for the treatment of severe ...
Rawlins Patrice Korth - - 2004
Intrathecal baclofen (ITB) therapy has evolved into a standard treatment for severe spasticity. After this therapy had been provided for 10 years, a retrospective chart review on 50 patients, representing a total 2,922 patient months of ITB service, was done. These patients suffered severe spasticity from a number of disease ...
Serkan Öncü, Serhan Sakarya, ...
Central venous catheter (CVC) related infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality. We undertook a clinical follow-up study in order to determine the value of systemic vancomycin usage before catheter insertion against catheter colonization. During the study period 70 patients with central venous catheters were prospectively studied. Patients ...
Noguchi Masanori - - 2004
AIM: We investigated the feasibility and safety of the early removal of urethral catheters 3 days after radical retropubic prostatectomy. METHODS: Seventy consecutive patients underwent radical retropubic prostatectomy with the intent of early catheter removal on postoperative day (POD) 3. Catheter removal was based on postoperative cystograms performed on POD ...
Varkarakis John - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of urinary catheter removal 10 days after a radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) by assessing the incidence of urinary extravasation and its effect on postoperative stricture and continence rates. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During a 4.5-year period, 619 patients undergoing RRP were evaluated. If no extravasation was ...
Kovindha A - - 2004
Study of reusable catheter. To investigate whether a silicone cathether reused over years for clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) was safe for spinal cord injured (SCI) men. Maharaj Hospital, Chiang Mai, Thailand. A cross-sectional study was obtained from SCI men who had used CIC with a reusable silicone catheter for more ...
Kanno Toru - - 2004
Cystography was performed on 35 patients 6 to 7 days after retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP), to determine the feasibility of early removal of the urinary catheter. The urethral catheter was removed the same day if no extravasation was evident on cystography. Uroflowmetry was also performed both immediately after early catheter ...
Pipkin Mary M Lynchburg Nephrology Physicians, Lynchburg, Virginia, - - 2004
Lynchburg Nephrology Dialysis Incorporated started its nightly home hemodialysis (NHHD) program in September 1997. The purpose of this study was to evaluate episodes of exit-site infections, catheter sepsis, and safety and longevity of accesses for patients doing NHHD. If internal jugular (IJ) catheter was chosen, the patient was started on ...
Ventura Rodolfo - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Open cooled-tip and solid 8-mm-tip catheters have demonstrated safety and effectiveness for radiofrequency current (RFC) ablation of typical atrial flutter (AFL). However, data from prospective and randomized studies in this setting are lacking. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred thirty consecutive patients (104 men; 61 +/- 11 years) with AFL ...
Strippoli Giovanni F M - - 2004
As many as 15 to 50% of end-stage kidney disease patients are on peritoneal dialysis (PD), but peritonitis limits its more widespread use. Several PD catheter-related interventions (catheter designs, surgical insertion approaches, and connection methods) have been purported to reduce the risk of peritonitis in PD. The goal was to ...
Goossens G A - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: The functionality of subcutaneous venous access devices is evaluated at least every time the device is accessed. This evaluation is subjective and actions are only undertaken when blood withdrawal and/or fluid injection become problematic. The function of these devices has rarely been evaluated objectively. The present study tried to ...
Barrett A Martin - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The authors report the results of a prospective, multicenter, multidisciplinary study of central venous catheters (CVCs) in pediatric oncology patients analyzing factors involved in early failure. METHODS: Information was collected from parent-held records on the fate of 824 devices inserted over a 20-month period, 415 of which were no ...
Garami Miklós - - 2004
An open-label, matched-pair (by diagnosis, stage of disease, age, and gender) pilot clinical trial was conducted to test whether the combined administration of the medical nutriment MSC (Avemar) with cytotoxic drugs and the continued administration of MSC on its own help to reduce the incidence of treatment-related febrile neutropenia in ...
Schwengel Deborah A - - 2004
Peripherally-inserted central catheters (PICCs) are long-term IV catheters used for drug and fluid administration, blood sampling, or hyperalimentation. The short-term use of PICCs in postoperative patients has not been studied. In this randomized, controlled trial, patients received either a PICC or peripheral IV catheter (PIV). Our outcome measures were patient ...
Souto Carlos Ary Vargas - - 2004
PURPOSE: To evaluate the hypothesis that a 7-day period of indwelling catheter after radical retropubic prostatectomy is effective and safe without the need of performing cystography. METHODS: In the period from January of 2000 to July of 2002, 73 patients underwent radical retropubic prostatectomy, and these patients were prospectively randomized ...
Marcovich R - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The optimal postoperative drainage system for patients undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) has not yet been determined. Each of the different tubes available has theoretical advantages and disadvantages. The objective of this study was to determine if any one system of post-PCNL drainage has any significant advantage over ...
Katz Steven G - - 2004
The use of arterial closure devices offers significant benefits over manual compression in achieving groin hemostasis following catheter-based procedures. Several currently available devices provide rapid puncture site closure with complication rates similar to that of manual compression. Closure devices allow for early times to ambulation and hospital discharge, and have ...
Dosemeci Levent - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: We conducted the present study to determine the usefulness of routinely inserting a pediatric airway exchange catheter (PAEC) before tracheal extubation of adult patients who had undergone maxillofacial or major neck surgery and have risk factors for difficult reintubation. METHODS: A prospective, observational and clinical study was performed in ...
Vardy J - - 2004
Central venous access port devices (CVAPD) are necessary for delivery of prolonged infusional chemotherapy or in patients with poor peripheral venous access. Previous studies of Hickman catheters report complication rates in about 45% of patients. Our aim was to assess the early and late complication rate, and duration that the ...
Saif M W - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Apheresis catheters have simplified collection of peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC), but may be associated with thrombosis of the instrumented vessels. We performed a retrospective analysis to study the prevalence of thromboembolism associated with the use of femoral apheresis catheters in patients with breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients ...
Tajima Hiroyuki - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a hybrid treatment for acute massive pulmonary thromboembolism in patients with hemodynamic impairment by combining mechanical fragmentation, local thrombolysis, and clot aspiration. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Within a period of 35 months, 25 patients with hemodynamic impairment (eight men and 17 ...
Rinaldi Stefano - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To analyze data on 503 chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD) catheters implanted between 1986 and 2000 in pediatric patients enrolled in the Italian Registry of Pediatric Chronic Peritoneal Dialysis (the Registry), comparing three different time periods: 1986-1990, 1991-1995, and 1996-2000. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: 23 dialysis centers participating in the ...
Cone Lawrence A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal candidiasis occurs in some patients with candidemia resulting from organ infection, IV drug use, or indwelling central venous catheters. Diagnosis is often difficult because of vague symptomatology and a frequent afebrile course. CASE DESCRIPTION: Three patients with Candida vertebral osteomyelitis are presented. All followed the use of indwelling ...
Duncan Neill D C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Vascular access is judged on its ability to provide good dialysis adequacy, its durability and complication rates. Formation of a functional arteriovenous fistula is desirable but difficult to achieve in a significant proportion of patients. We report the large-scale use of Tesio-Caths, a twin-line single-lumen central venous catheter, to ...
Bove Pierluigi - - 2004
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) is a relatively recently introduced method of treating renal tumors and, as such, surgical technique is evolving. In open series urinary fistula formation represents a common postoperative complication. In the laparoscopic approach investigators have advocated the placement of a ureteral catheter with retrograde dye injection ...
Coyle V M - - 2004
The aim of the present study was to describe the practice of central venous catheter (CVC) removal and outcomes of catheter-related bloodstream infection (CR-BSI) in adult haematology patients. Patients were identified retrospectively according to diagnosis coding of inpatient episodes and evaluated when, on examination of medical records, there had been ...
Hakvoort R A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether prolonged urinary bladder catheterisation after vaginal prolapse surgery is advantageous. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: A large training hospital in the Netherlands. POPULATION: Patients undergoing anterior colporrhaphy. METHODS: One hundred patients were included. Patients were randomised into two groups. In one group (n= 50), a transurethral ...
Lallas Costas D - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Access to complex urinary tract pathology may require supracostal access placing patients at risk for intrathoracic complications. Our objective was to retrospectively review our experience with percutaneous renal surgery with a particular emphasis on identifying the incidence of nephropleural fistula and management of this unusual complication. METHODS: The records ...
Lee Sai-Cheong - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To determine risk factors for hemodialysis catheter-related bloodstream infections (HCRBSIs) and investigate whether use of maximal sterile barrier precautions would prevent HCRBSIs. SETTING: Tertiary-care medical center hemodialysis unit. DESIGN: Open trial with historical comparison and case-control study of risk factors for HCRBSIs. METHODS: Prospective surveillance was used to compare ...
Ulitzsch Dieter - - 2004
PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the use of ultrasonography (US)-guided treatment of breast abscesses in lactating women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred eight consecutive lactating women who were clinically suspected of having a breast abscess were examined with US. Abscesses depicted at US were treated with US guidance, and the success ...
Velasco E - - 2004
The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology and microbiology of bloodstream infections (BSIs) among adult surgical cancer patients and to determine independent factors that influence in-hospital mortality. The study enrolled 112 consecutive episodes of BSIs in adult surgical cancer patients during a 26-month period. The median age ...
León Cristóbal - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of minocycline and rifampin-impregnated catheters compared to non-impregnated catheters in critically ill patients. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled, multicenter trial. SETTING: Intensive care units of seven acute-care teaching hospitals in Spain. PATIENTS. Intensive care unit patients requiring triple-lumen central venous catheter for more than 3 ...
Cil Barbaros E - - 2004
A single center's procedural and follow-up results of radiological chest port placement in pediatric oncology patients are presented. Between July 2002 and December 2003, 37 children (20 boys, 17 girls; age range, 4 months to 16 years; mean 6.7 years) underwent chest port placement. All patients received only one port ...
Solt Jeno - - 2004
PURPOSE: This study involved a prospective evaluation of the results of the balloon catheter dilation of lower gastrointestinal stenoses. METHODS: First a guide-wire was introduced into the stenosis followed under x-ray control by a double-lumen balloon catheter, or directly through the endoscope a balloon catheter, with progressive dilation under pressures ...
Molgaard O - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Insertion of central venous catheters (CVCs) is a procedure associated with a varying risk of complications, depending on the setting and the skill of the clinician who undertakes the procedure. The aim of this study was to monitor the complication rate of CVC insertion and evaluate the value of ...
Wolosker Nelson - - 2004
CONTEXT: Totally implantable devices are increasingly being utilized for chemotherapy treatment of oncological patients, although few studies have been done in our environment to analyze the results obtained from the implantation and utilization of such catheters. OBJECTIVE: To study the results obtained from the implantation of totally implantable catheters in ...
Soto I - - 2004
We describe successful induction of immune tolerance in a 12-month-old patient with severe haemophilia B and low-titre and low response antifactor IX inhibitor at 5 Bethesda Unit (BU). Immune tolerance induction (ITI) was started with recombinant factor (rFIX) at 40-50 U kg(-1) day(-1) (1000 U three times per week) and ...
Metcalf Sarah C L - - 2004
Catheter-related sepsis (CRS) is a common complication of long-term parenteral nutrition. Conventional antibiotic therapy is often effective in the short-term but, because of poor activity against intraluminal microbial biofilms, may not prevent relapse. Ethanol is an effective antiseptic. We describe a case of a patient with recurrent CRS successfully treated ...
Ito Kei - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to determine and compare the effectiveness and incidence of complications of percutaneous cholecystostomy and gallbladder aspiration in cases of severe acute cholecystitis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Fifty-eight patients with severe acute cholecystitis who did not improve after antibiotic treatment were included in this study. The patients ...
Pecorari M - - 2004
In our dialysis unit, we commonly position permanent catheters (the Tesio twin catheter) in femoral veins with 'high' exit sites, in the abdominal area. We prefer this method because of its intrinsic safety in patients immediately requiring hemodialysis (HD), because there is no need for ultrasound guidance and a low ...
Dillon Peter W - - 2004
PURPOSE: Infection and thrombosis are serious complications of long-term vascular access devices in children undergoing chemotherapy. Since routine fibrinolytic therapy may decrease these complications, the purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of an every-2-week administration of urokinase with standard heparin flushes in reducing the incidence of device-related ...
Meir David Ben - - 2004
PURPOSE: We evaluate the complication rate after hypospadias repair with and without the use of antimicrobial prophylaxis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 101 boys who underwent tubularized incised plate urethroplasty with urethral catheter placement during a 16-month period were randomly divided into group 1-52 treated with cephalexin from day ...
Nakamori Yasushi - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to determine the clinical usefulness of percutaneous catheter drainage compared with conventional surgical drainage for cervical necrotizing fasciitis and descending necrotizing mediastinitis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Thirty-one patients with cervical necrotizing fasciitis and descending necrotizing mediastinitis were included. Twenty consecutive patients were treated by ...
Yesildag Ebru - - 2004
PURPOSE: The effects of V-incision sutured (MAVIS) and dartos patch reinforcement techniques in reducing side effects and complications of the Mathieu procedure and improving the appearance of the meatus are evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 74 patients with distal shaft hypospadias without chordee or with minimal chordee were ...
Smith Tony P - - 2004
PURPOSE: To retrospectively review the authors' experience regarding the safety and functionality of transhepatic hemodialysis catheters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen patients (seven men and nine women aged 21-77 years; mean age, 51.6 years) underwent placement of 21 transhepatic hemodialysis catheters. Transhepatic catheters were placed in the absence of an available ...
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