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Kalincik Tomas T Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia and Department of Neurology, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Australia - - 2014
The results of head-to-head comparisons of injectable immunomodulators (interferon β, glatiramer acetate) have been inconclusive and a comprehensive analysis of their effectiveness is needed. We aimed to compare, in a real-world setting, relapse and disability outcomes among patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) treated with injectable immunomodulators. Pairwise analysis of the ...
Kułakowska Alina A Department of Neurology, Medical University of Białystok, Białystok, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Multiple sclerosis (SM) is a chronic inflammatory and degenerative disease of the central nervous system. Its etiology has not been fully elucidated. For approximately 20 years, drugs have been used, successfully modifying the natural course of relapsing-remitting SM. One of them is interferon beta. Research outcomes of 16- and 21-year-retrospective ...
Restek-Petrović Branka B Psychiatric Hospital "Sveti Ivan", Jankomir 11, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia, - - 2014
In recent years, social functioning of patients has increasingly been used as a criterion for assessing therapeutic efficacy of the group psychotherapy. The purpose of this preliminary study was to examine whether social functioning of patients with diagnosed psychotic disorders changes during their participation in psychodynamic group psychotherapy. The sample ...
Horn Eva K EK Viersprong Institute for Studies on Personality Disorders (VISPD), Bergen op Zoom, The Netherlands; Department of Psychiatry, section Medical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Objective Although personality disorder not otherwise specified (PDNOS) is highly prevalent and associated with a high burden of disease, only a few treatment studies in this patient group exist. This study is the first to investigate the effectiveness of different modalities of psychotherapy in patients with PDNOS, i.e., short-term (up ...
Espay A J AJ James J. and Joan A. Gardner Family Center for Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders, Cincinnati, OH, USA; UC Neuroscience Institute, Department of Neurology and Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Entrainment, the change or elimination of tremor as patients perform a voluntary rhythmical movement by the unaffected limb, is a key diagnostic hallmark of psychogenic tremor. To evaluate the feasibility of using entrainment as a bedside therapeutic strategy ('retrainment') in patients with psychogenic tremor. Ten patients with psychogenic tremor (5 ...
Gans Jerome S - - 2014
Abstract Although what transpires in group therapy is not gossip per se-except perhaps when absent or former members are discussed-listening to group interaction through an understanding of the dynamics of gossip can contribute to a greater appreciation of group dynamics and group leadership as well as enlarge therapeutic space. After ...
Zhang Yu Y Department of Anesthesiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University Harbin, - - 2014
To evaluate the hypothesis that adding dexmedetomidine to ropivacaine prolongs axillary brachial plexus block. Forty-five patients of ASA I~II and aged 25-60 yr who were scheduled for elective forearm and hand surgery were randomly divided into 3 equal groups and received 40 ml of 0.33% ropivacaine + 1 ml dexmedetomidine ...
Aktaş Hacı H Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Erciyes University, 38039 Kayseri, Turkey ; Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Erciyes University, 38039 Kayseri, - - 2014
In crisp environment the notions of order of group and cyclic group are well known due to many applications. In this paper, we introduce order of the soft groups, power of the soft sets, power of the soft groups, and cyclic soft group on a group. We also investigate the ...
Massacesi Luca L Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Psicologia, Farmaco e Salute del Bambino Università di Firenze, Firenze, Italy; Neurologia 2, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, - - 2014
For almost three decades in many countries azathioprine has been used to treat relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. However its efficacy was usually considered marginal and following approval of β interferons for this indication it was no longer recommended as first line treatment, even if presently no conclusive direct β interferon-azathioprine comparison ...
Restek-Petrović Branka - - 2013
Background: The "Sveti Ivan" psychiatric hospital in Zagreb, Croatia, offers an outpatient Early Intervention Program for psychotic patients. This program consists of psycho-educational workshops and group psychodynamic psychotherapy. Two important objectives of the program are improving and maintaining adequate cognitive functioning. Aims: The current study examined changes in aspects of ...
Bakali Jan Vegard - - 2013
Abstract This study examined the development of group climate using the Engaged, Conflict, and Avoiding subscales of the Group Climate Questionnaire-Short Version (GCQ-S) in a sample of 145 patients attending either short- (20 sessions) or long-term (80 sessions) psychodynamic group psychotherapy. Linear mixed models were used to compare changes in ...
Procacciante Fabio - - 2013
This study aims to verify if the duration of postoperative ileus (POI), in patients undergoing abdominal surgery, is related to the surgical approach used (open or laparoscopic) or rather to the manipulation of bowel loops. Ninety patients, undergoing elective colon resection for cancer, were randomized in three groups with different ...
Staic Mihai D - - 2013
This paper studies the symmetry group of two special types of carbon nanotori. The construction is motivated by a group-theoretical result.
Chen Xiaolin - - 2013
To explore the pathogenesis of dampness syndrome by detecting the changes of interleukin-2 (IL-2) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) levels. Female Sprague Dawley rats were divided randomly into five groups according to the random number table: a normal group (Group I), an external dampness group (Group II), an internal dampness group (Group ...
Smolar Andrew I - - 2013
Therapists have been quietly receiving gifts from patients for many years, but only recently have they been acknowledging and reporting such transactions. Most of the literature on the subject, which has been sparse, has been limited to the individual psychotherapy setting. In this article, we take up the issue within ...
Goyal Monica M Department of Anesthesiology, O.P. Jindal Hospital, Hisar, 125005, - - 2013
We evaluated the efficacy of an alternative technique, for insertion of the silicone laryngeal mask airway (LMA) Classic™ in 40 American Society of Anesthesiologists grade ASA I and II patients scheduled for elective surgery. In group I (Index Finger group), the LMA was inserted by the classic index finger technique ...
Billow Richard M - - 2012
Abstract The group beholds its leader: a looming figure of fantasy, an emerging figure of reality. Psychic patterns that play out in group cohesion, culture, conflicts, and process are rooted in interaction with this combined object. I describe a two-day conference on relational group psychotherapy. An assemblage had beheld "me," ...
Jameson Simon S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The oral anticoagulant rivaroxaban is recommended for venous thromboembolic prophylaxis following lower limb arthroplasty. Concerns regarding high rates of wound complications following its use have prompted this multicenter comparison with low-molecular-weight heparins. METHODS: English hospital trusts that replaced a low-molecular-weight heparin with rivaroxaban for thromboprophylaxis in lower limb arthroplasty ...
Parikh Shital N - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Current literature supporting treatment strategies for osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) has limited prognostic utility. Presently, there is no gold standard for an OCD "healing" outcome. Accurate and reliable determination of the OCD healed status on the basis of radiographs would be valuable to provide a guide for evidence-based treatment of ...
Kirsner Robert S - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa is a rare, autosomal recessive blistering condition. The authors successfully treated a patient with a novel keratin-based dressing. Starting at 11 months, 1 hand and 1 foot of the patient was treated, and significant improvement was observed. Thereafter, keratin treatment was applied to both hands ...
Nicoletti Gianfranco - - 2012
Keloids and hypertrophic scars are abnormal responses to wound healing. In general, keloids exhibit a proliferative growth beyond the margins of the scar and remain persistent; while hypertrophic scars are contained to the original wound and may regress over time. In particular, keloid formation is one of the most challenging ...
Mees Julia - - 2012
PURPOSE: We present our current clinical approach for the treatment of postoperatively infected wounds of the abdominal wall healing by secondary intention that may help in the design of a randomized controlled trial to develop a standardized wound treatment pathway. METHODS: Patients with postoperatively infected abdominal wounds treated with either ...
Menon Seema - - 2012
Laser Doppler imaging (LDI) has been increasingly used to predict pediatric burn wound outcome. A majority of these wounds are scald, contact, or flame burns. No study has specifically evaluated the use of LDI in pediatric friction burns. Our objective was to critically evaluate LDI assessment of pediatric friction burns ...
Paschoal Marco Aurélio Benini - - 2012
Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on wound healing process and pain levels after premolar extraction in adolescents. Background data: The advantage of using LLLT in oral surgeries is the reduction of inflammation and postoperative discomfort; however, the optimal ...
Kirsner Robert S - - 2012
Many patients with venous leg ulcers do not heal with standard care. HP802-247 is a novel spray-applied cell therapy containing growth-arrested allogeneic neonatal keratinocytes and fibroblasts. We compared different cell concentrations and dosing frequencies of HP802-247 for benefit and harm when applied to chronic venous leg ulcers. We enrolled adult ...
Ocsel Hakan - - 2012
ABSTRACT Purpose: The objective of the present study was to assess the effects of oriental sweet gum (Liquidambar orientalis Mill.) storax on partial-thickness and full-thickness wounds compared to conventional wound dressings in a porcine model. Methods: Six young Yorkshire pigs were used. Sixteen square excisional wounds measuring 3 × 3 ...
Kircik Leon - - 2012
Background: Current topical therapies for cold sores are only marginally beneficial due to poor skin penetration. We assessed the safety and efficacy of a novel topical antiviral nanoemulsion (NB-001) with high tissue bioavailability. Objectives: The primary endpoint was the time to lesion healing. Methods: 482 subjects with recurrent cold sores ...
Hayashida Kenji - - 2012
Pediatric burn wounds present unique challenges. Second-degree burns may increase in size and depth, raising con- cerns about healing and long-term scarring. Results of a clinical study in adults with second-degree burn wounds sug- gest that application of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) may reduce time to second-intention healing and ...
Schoinohoriti Ourania K - - 2012
Despite the wide application of lasers and electrosurgery in dermatology, the pertinent literature provides conflicting data regarding the lateral thermal injury (LTI) associated with these instruments and its effects on wound healing. This study aims to quantitate the LTI produced by CO(2)-laser, monopolar electrosurgery (MES), and radiosurgery (MRS) and determine ...
Guest J F JF Catalyst Health Economics Consultants, Northwood, UK. - - 2012
To estimate the clinical and cost-effectiveness of using a skin protectant (Cavilon No Sting Barrier Film [NSBF] or Cavilon Durable Barrier Cream [DBC]; 3M) compared with not using a skin protectant in the management of venous leg ulcers (VLUs), in the UK. A decision model was constructed depicting the patient ...
Riella K R - - 2012
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Lippia gracilis Schauer (Verbenaceae) has long been recognized in folk medicine as a medicinal plant. The essential oil of Lippia gracilis has antimicrobial activity and is used externally to treat cutaneous diseases, burns, wounds, and ulcers. Recently, our research group demonstrated that the essential oil of Lippia gracilis ...
Thomas C A - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This is a retrospective study over 12 years reporting the healing rates of leg ulcers at a specialist vein unit. All patients presented with active chronic venous leg ulcers (clinical, aetiological, anatomical and pathological elements [CEAP]: C6) and had previously been advised elsewhere that their ulcers were amenable to ...
Deerenberg Eva Barbara EB Department of Surgery, ErasmusMC University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The - - 2012
Wound closure after excision is commonly done with sutures or staples. A new sutureless innovative wound closure system is available for sutureless skin closure. To evaluate wound healing, patient comfort, and cosmetic results of a foil flip-over system for excision of small skin lesion. Patients presenting to the department of ...
Oztürk Ferdi - - 2012
Wound healing is actually a complex, precisely coordinated interaction between inflammatory cells and mediators, establishing significant overlap between the phases of wound healing. Chronic wounds are defined as wounds that do not follow the well-defined stepwise process of physiologic healing. The true incidence and economic impact of chronic wounds are ...
Pişkin Ahmet - - 2012
Abstract Momordica charantia (MC; bitter gourd) is a traditional herbal commonly used for its antidiabetic, antioxidant, contraceptive and antibacterial properties. In the current study, we aim to observe the topical effect of MC cream on the wound-healing process in rabbits. Moreover, we compare their healing potential with conventional creams used ...
Litwiniuk Małgorzata - - 2012
Chronic wounds are a significant socio-economic problem, thus, the improvement of the effectiveness of their treatment is an important objective for public health strategies. The predominant stage of the chronic wound is the inflammatory reaction which is associated with the damage of tissues, possibly due to the excessive secretion and ...
Arai Keitaro - - 2012
Selecting an appropriate treatment for a given case of skin wound is crucial for inducing optimal healing. We used an animal model consisting of normal rabbit ears in order to assess the efficacy of treatments for skin wounds with/without a wet dressing, anti-microbial reagent, or topical wound-stimulatory reagents. The degree ...
Zemlyak Alla Y - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The resection of an abdominal pannus carries the risk of wound-related morbidity in obese patients. Surgeons often perform a panniculectomy (PAN) to gain better access to the abdomen to perform other operations. We evaluated the incidence of wound complications after PAN with and without a concomitant procedure (i.e., ventral ...
Schlüer Anna-Barbara - - 2012
Pressure ulcers (PUs) are a common concern for hospitalized children and adults, but knowledge about PU risk factors,prevalence, and incidence rates among children remains limited. To assess the prevalence of and risk factors for PUs in pediatric care settings, a 1-day cross-sectional study was conducted among all hospitalized children ages ...
Akagi Ichiro - - 2012
Evidence-based guidelines for the prevention of surgical site infection (SSI) have been published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). According to these guidelines, a wound should usually be covered with a sterile dressing for 24 to 48 h when a surgical incision is closed primarily. However, ...
Castro Fabiene C B - - 2012
This study evaluated the wound healing activity of microcurrent application alone or in combination with topical Hypericum perforatum L. and Arnica montana L. on skin surgical incision surgically induced on the back of Wistar rats. The animals were randomly divided into six groups: (1) no intervention (control group); (2) microcurrent ...
Bari M S - - 2012
The present study has been designed to compare the intensity of postoperative pain in children by wound infiltration with levobupivacaine with that provided by paracetamol administration per rectaly. This intervention study was carried out at the department of paediatric surgery, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh and Dhaka Medical College Hospital, ...
Van Noten Charlotte - - 2012
We present the case of a 61-year- old female patient in long-term hemodialysis who developed calcific uremic arteriolopathy (CUA) upon administration of the oral calcimimetic agent cinacalcet for treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism. In May 2009, the baseline serum values were parathormone (PTH) 310 pg/ml, calcium 9.1 mg/dl and phosphorous 6.9 ...
Kang Bum Sik - - 2012
Many topical hemostatics are widely applied for bleeding control. They can be classified into two categories according to their mechanism of action on the clotting cascade in a biologically active or passive manner. Passive hemostatics include cellulose and gelatin. We performed an experimental study to compare the effect of passive ...
Celeste Christophe J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To map skin temperature kinetics, and by extension skin blood flow throughout normal or abnormal repair of full-thickness cutaneous wounds created on the horse body and limb, using infrared thermography. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental. ANIMALS: Standardbreds (n = 6), aged 3-4 years. METHODS: Three cutaneous wounds were created on the ...
Fraccalvieri Marco - - 2012
Keloid scarring represents a pathological healing where primary healing phenomenon is deviated from normal. Pico is a single use negative pressure wound therapy system originally introduced to manage open or just closed wounds. Pico dressing is made of silicone, and distributes an 80 mmHg negative pressure across wound bed. Combination ...
Armstrong David G - - 2012
Objective. To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the pan metatarsal head resection (PMHR) compared with nonsurgical management of wounds in the forefoot in people with diabetes. Methods. The authors evaluated 92 patients with diabetes (66.3% male), with ulcers classified as University of Texas grade 1A or 2A at the ...
Kavros Steven J - - 2012
Background. Gross deformity of the foot in Charcot neuroarthropathy can lead to collapse and subsequent ulceration, infection, amputation, or premature death. This study evaluated healing of midfoot ulcerations of Charcot neuroarthropathy using PriMatrix, a novel acellular fetal bovine dermal matrix. Methods. In this retrospective analysis, 20 patients with ulcerations of ...
Arıcan Mustafa - - 2012
In this study, the effects of wound covering materials, Acticoat® and Cutinova Hydro® on wound healing have been studied in rabbit models with open and tissue-lost wounds with full-thickness flank excisions. Rabbits were used as subjects with three groups of four rabbits each, and trial periods of 7, 14 and ...
Oldag Andreas - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study aims to assess perioperative incidence of wound hematoma and bleeding in patients who underwent carotid endarterectomy (CEA) under dual antiplatelet therapy. METHODS: Consecutive patients with initial CEA receiving aspirin, clopidogrel, or a combination of both were subjected to standard patch endarterectomy. Postoperative wound hematoma was ...
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