Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1260
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Mekontso Dessap Armand - - 2012
RATIONALE: Difficult weaning from mechanical ventilation is often associated with fluid overload. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) has been proposed as a tool for predicting and detecting weaning failure of cardiovascular origin. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether fluid management guided by daily BNP plasma concentrations improves weaning outcomes compared to empirical therapy ...
Rolle Luigi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare simultaneous and 2-stage surgical implantation of an artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) and penile prosthesis (PP) for patients with severe urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction after prostatectomy. METHODS: The data from 23 patients were reviewed, 15 (group 1) underwent simultaneous implantation and 8 (group 2) underwent 2-stage surgery. ...
Jeong Il Soon - - 2012
Sarpogrelate and cilostazol are two commonly used adjunctive antiplatelet agents that also can be used to improve endothelial dysfunction. We compared the effects of sarpogrelate and cilostazol on endothelial dysfunction in active male smokers with flow-mediated dilatation (FMD). We enrolled and compared baseline and follow-up FMD in 20 young male ...
Lee Hun - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess clinical outcomes and tear cytokine levels in patients with moderate and severe meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) after treatment with oral minocycline and artificial tears versus artificial tears only. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized clinical trial. METHODS: Sixty eyes of 60 patients with stage 3 or 4 meibomian gland dysfunction ...
Anwar Didar S - - 2012
PURPOSE:: To report a case series of pupil abnormalities consistent with features of Urrets-Zavalia syndrome (UZS) after Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) for corneal edema secondary to corneal endothelial cell dysfunction. METHODS:: Retrospective chart analysis of subjects who developed UZS after DSAEK at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical ...
Shimizu Hiroki - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y (R-Y) gastric bypass, also known as bariatric surgery, sometimes causes postoperative hyperoxaluria and subsequent oxalate nephrolithiasis in obese patients. In this study, we retrospectively investigated the frequency of occurrence of nephrolithiasis and renal dysfunction in postoperative gastric cancer patients with respect to the surgical procedures employed. METHODS: Two ...
Parreiras Valdir Carlos - - 2012
Kidney dysfunction is a major complication in the postoperative cardiac surgery setting. Operative risk factors for its development are cardiopulmonary bypass, anemia, antifibrinolytic drugs and blood transfusion. The objective of this study was to identify the risk factors for developing kidney dysfunction in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Ninety-seven patients were ...
Nina Vinícius José da Silva - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Neurological dysfunction is a feared postoperative morbidity of cardiac surgery, an important cause of death and increased spending in hospitals. Its prediction, however, is still uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To assess the applicability of a preoperative score as a predictor of neurological dysfunction after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) under cardiopulmonary ...
Mirhosseini Seyed Jalil - - 2012
Diabetic mellitus (DM) is a major risk factor of morbidity, mortality and economic cost to society. Diabetic patients are at risk of having microvascular or macrovascular disorders of diabetes. Postoperative anemia have wide spectrum of some early complications that require more care in hospitalization stays. Therefore, this study was designed ...
Buddhe Sujatha - - 2012
OBJECTIVE.: To identify the risk factors that could predict postoperative outcome after aortic valve replacement in pediatric patients with isolated aortic regurgitation (AR). BACKGROUND.: There is controversy regarding the appropriate timing of surgery in asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic patients with isolated AR. In the pediatric age group, there are limited ...
Plaschke Konstanze - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Patients undergoing cardiac surgery are at risk for postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD). Evaluating preoperative risk factors represents 1 possible way to minimize the postoperative risk of cognitive dysfunction. We investigated marked deterioration in cholinergic neurotransmission as 1 such potential risk factor for transient and long-lasting POCD. Serum anticholinergic activity ...
Wiedemann Dominik - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess the efficacy and mid- to long-term results of different cerebral protection techniques in the treatment of acute type A aortic dissection. METHODS: Between April 1987 and January 2011, 329 patients (220 male patients; median age, 60 years; range, 16-87) with ...
Moura Luis M - - 2012
The study aims were to test the effect of rosuvastatin on the progression of left ventricular (LV) diastolic function in patients with aortic stenosis (AS), and to evaluate the use of beta-natriuretic-peptide (BNP) as a marker of diastolic dysfunction in this condition. Sixty-one hypercholesterolemic, consecutive new referrals with moderate AS ...
Loftus C - - 2012
Many patients with a spinal cord injury (SCI) or spina bifida suffer from neurogenic bowel dysfunction which causes significant physical and psychological morbidity. For the last four years at the National Rehabilitation Hospital, transanal irrigation (TAI) has been offered to patients who were dissatisfied with a conservative bowel management programme. ...
Dutta Pinaki - - 2012
Background: The data on incidence of hypopituitarism after SAH are conflicting. Furthermore, it is still not known whether there is any difference in hormonal deficiencies between SAH due to anterior communicating artery (A-com) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms. Materials and Methods: This study includes both retrospective and prospective arms. ...
Papadopoulos George - - 2012
This study was conducted to examine perioperative cerebral oximetry changes in elderly patients undergoing hip fracture repair and evaluate the correlation between regional oxygen saturation (rSO(2)) values, postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) and hospital stay. This prospective observational study included 69 patients. Data recorded included demographic information, rSO(2) values from baseline ...
Kateros Konstantinos - - 2012
This retrospective study was undertaken to determine the incidence of kidney dysfunction (KD) and to identify potential risk factors contributing to development of KD in orthopaedic population following an elective or emergency surgery. A total of 1025 patients were admitted in our institution over a period of one year with ...
Siniawski Henryk H Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery,Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany. - - 2012
The main cause of early death after heart transplantation (HTx) is so-called early primary or secondary graft failure (GF). The risk of profound GF has not declined in the past decade, as the consequence of the liberalisation of donor acceptance criteria because of the scarcity of donors. It is therefore ...
Machado Flávia Ribeiro - - 2011
To investigate the correlation of organ dysfunction and its progression with inflammatory response during the early phases of septic shock by assessing baseline cytokine concentrations. This study included patients over 18 years old with septic shock within the first 48 hours after the onset of organ dysfunction. Interleukin 6 (IL-6), ...
Chamakou Aikaterini C - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Inflammation and neurohormonal activation are considered to be involved in the development of earlier and/or later complications in congenital heart disease patients, even after a successful repair of the lesion. It is not yet clarified what is the role of the therapeutic interventions in the occurrence of such a ...
Bonofiglio Francisco Carlos - - 2011
Previous studies have shown that interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels correlated with mortality in critically ill patients. To determine the effect of ketamine on IL-6 levels in liver resections patients with a temporary porto-arterial occlusion (Pringle manoeuvre). Controlled, prospective, randomized, double-blinded study. One group (n = 21) received ketamine whereas the other ...
Orbach-Zinger Sharon - - 2011
Abstract Objective. To compare the effect of early epidural analgesia (EEA) vs. conventional epidural analgesia (CEA) on cytokine production in mother and neonate. Methods. Healthy parturients with uncomplicated term pregnancies were randomized into two groups: EEA - parturients who would receive epidural analgesia before onset of pain and the control group, CEA ...
Canales John F - - 2011
Objectives: To demonstrate short-term effectiveness and long-term efficacy of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) with or without adjunctive therapy in treatment of superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS). Background: Recently, PTA with or without adjunctive therapy has evolved as first-line therapy for SVCS. Despite growing evidence for PTA with or without adjunctive ...
Natsume Toshiyuki - - 2011
Peritoneal immune response as well as systemic response was objectively evaluated in laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) compared to open distal gastrectomy (ODG). A total of 42 patients with gastric cancer were enrolled, with 23 undergoing LADG and 19 ODG. We evaluated the levels of IL-6 in peritoneal drain fluid, serum ...
Kelishadi Roya - - 2011
This study aimed to determine the short- and long-term effects of consumption of grape and pomegranate juices on markers of endothelial function and inflammation in adolescents with metabolic syndrome (MetS). In a non-pharmacologic randomized controlled trial, 30 individuals were randomly assigned to two groups of drinking natural grape or pomegranate ...
Ito Yutaka - - 2011
Endovascular treatment (ET) is widely used for thrombotic complications of vascular access (VA) for hemodialysis. We evaluated the effectiveness of both ET and surgical interventions for thrombotic complications. We studied 533 patients who underwent surgical procedures (a total of 879 procedures) and 54 patients who received ET (a total of ...
Junuzovic Dzelaludin - - 2011
Treatment of localized prostate cancer refers to two basic modes which are the radical retro pubic prostatectomy and external radiotherapy. However, according to most authors, radical prostatectomy is the gold standard for long-term survival. To determine the occurrence of erectile dysfunction after radical operative treatment and irradiation therapy. In this ...
Cunha Filho José Ferreira da - - 2011
To evaluate the effects of L-alanyl-glutamine (L-Ala-Gln) pretreatment on oxidative stress, glycemic control and inflammatory response in children submitted to palatoplasty. Thirty male children scheduled for routine palatoplasty, age range 2-10 years, were randomly assigned to 2 groups (n=15): Group A (saline, control) and Group B (L-Ala-Gln). Group A received ...
Vassiliou Ioannis - - 2011
To evaluate the susceptibility of high-density polypropylene mesh to contamination, 1 year after experimental hernia repair. Wistar rats were randomized into two groups: one experimental group (n = 20) and another control group (n = 10). Mesh hernia repair was performed with intra-abdominal (group I, n = 10) or subcutaneous ...
Nguyen Thanh N - - 2011
whether stenting is superior to angioplasty in the treatment of intracranial atherosclerotic disease is unknown. Dissections, vessel rupture, and lesion recoil observed with primary angioplasty using balloon catheters designed for coronary arteries have undermined the role of primary angioplasty as a preferred treatment for intracranial atherosclerotic disease. The goal of ...
Pulli Raffaele - - 2011
This study evaluated early and long-term results of endovascular treatment of iliac artery occlusions and compared these outcomes with those in patients treated for stenotic lesions. During a 10-year period ending in January 2010, 223 endovascular procedures to treat aortoiliac occlusive disease (PAD) were performed. All patients were prospectively enrolled ...
Pardo Manuel - - 2010
In recent years, the use of peripheral transluminal angioplasty (PTA) procedures for revascularization of an ischemic limb has increased. Evaluation of reperfusion has been carried out by Doppler scan; however, a successful PTA does not necessarily result in improved oxygen delivery to the distal parts of the limb. To evaluate ...
Daliri A - - 2010
Endovascular treatment is an increasingly used therapeutic option in patients with chronic atherosclerotic occlusive mesenteric disease. Purpose of this study was evaluation of patency and mortality in patients treated with visceral artery percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) or stenting including follow-up. A retrospective review of 17 consecutive patients (4 women, 13 ...
Miao Zhongrong - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to assess the long-term efficacy of middle cerebral artery revascularisation by primary balloon angioplasty for the prevention of stroke in a certain subtype of patients. A retrospective study was performed to evaluate 33 patients with symptomatic middle cerebral artery stenoses who underwent primary balloon ...
Sohal Manav - - 2011
Fibrinolysis remains an important treatment for ST-elevation myocardial infarction, but fails to achieve adequate reperfusion in a significant proportion of cases. "Rescue" angioplasty is seen as the preferred treatment strategy in most contemporary centers although the literature provides conflicting evidence. We retrospectively reviewed all cases of rescue angioplasty performed at ...
Miller Gregg Arthur - - 2010
Background: Recurrent cephalic arch stenosis (CAS) has been linked to high flow and has a high rate of recurrence following angioplasty. This study investigates the effectiveness of access flow reduction in decreasing rapidly recurrent symptomatic CAS. Methods: A retrospective study of patient records from February 2005 to April 2009 was ...
Wang Jue - - 2010
We designed a small randomized clinical trial to prospectively test the hypothesis that batroxobin is more effective than aspirin alone to prevent restenosis in patients with diabetes undergoing angioplasty of infrapopliteal arteries. After a successful angioplasty, a total of 52 diabetic patients with symptomatic infrapopliteal obstructions were randomized to either ...
Rawat Nihit - - 2010
To evaluate treatment options for patients with chronic mesenteric ischemia in the United Kingdom. Early and late outcomes of patients with chronic mesenteric ischemia who underwent bypass or percutaneous angioplasty (PTA) in 12 centers were compared on an intention-to-treat basis. A total of 76 patients underwent 101 procedures (PTA 49; ...
Napoli Marcello - - 2010
Juxta-anastomotic stenosis (JAS) is a complication of arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs). Both surgical revision (SR) and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) may correct JAS. In this study we compare the results for SR treatment versus PTA. From January 2005 until December 2008, 66 PTA and 68 SR were performed in 43 and ...
Srinivasan Abhay - - 2010
Studies of long-term percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) results have been less extensive in children than in adults. The authors sought to evaluate the outcomes of PTA for pediatric renovascular hypertension. The authors retrospectively evaluated 19 hypertensive children (ages 2-18 years) who underwent renal PTA from 1997-2009. Angiograms were reviewed in ...
Long Bertrand - - 2011
Radial-cephalic fistulas (RCFs) perianastomotic stenoses (PASs) are on and around the fistula anastomosis. This group of lesions encompasses juxta-anastomotic stenosis (stenosis located on the venous side within 3 cm away from the anastomosis), anastomotic, and arterial stenosis. The purpose of our study was to assess the postintervention primary patency and ...
Pagnotta Paolo - - 2010
To assess the application of rotational atherectomy to improving the success rate of percutaneous recanalization of chronic total occlusion (CTO). Although the inability to cross the occlusion with a guidewire is the reason for failure in the majority of cases, one of the most frustrating situations that may occur during ...
Georgiadis George S - - 2010
Background. The leading cause of failure of a prosthetic arteriovenous hemodialysis-access graft is venous anastomotic stenosis. Balloon angioplasty, the first-line therapy, has a tendency to lead to subsequent recoil and restenosis; however, no other therapies have yet proved to be more effective. This study was designed to compare conventional balloon ...
Korabathina Ravikiran - - 2010
Plaque-debulking technologies have been proposed as alternative treatment options for peripheral arterial disease. Orbital atherectomy (OA), using the DiamondBack360 device, has emerged as one promising modality. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of OA in the first 200 lesions treated at our institution. Patient demographics, clinical characteristics, and lesion and ...
Donohoe C L - - 2011
The advent of effective endovascular techniques has revolutionized the treatment of iliac occlusive disease. Long-segment iliac occlusions remain technically difficult to treat, particularly in the presence of femoral disease. Iliac endarterectomy is an established procedure for the treatment of iliac occlusive disease, but it has been suggested that in the ...
Casella Ivan Benaduce - - 2010
To compare the results of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and bypass graft surgery (BGS) for the treatment of infrapopliteal lesions in individuals presenting with critical limb ischemia (CLI). A total of 48 infrapopliteal PTAs and 50 infrapopliteal BGS were compared retrospectively. All grafts used nonreversed saphenous vein in a single ...
Miyayama Shiro - - 2010
This study evaluated the technical success and long-term patency of endovascular treatment for occluded native hemodialysis fistulas caused by thrombotic occlusion (TO) and nonthrombotic occlusion (NTO). This cohort included 96 consecutive occlusions (70 TOs and 26 NTOs) at the forearm. Clinical success and patency rates of endovascular treatment were calculated ...
Silingardi R - - 2010
Iliac and femoropopliteal arterial stenting remains controversial due to frequent restenosis. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of a mechanical rotational thrombectomy procedure with the Rotarex Mechanical Thrombectomy System (Straub Medical, Wangs, CH) and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) in terms of technical success, patency rates and limb salvage. From ...
Lai Chi-Cheng - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This study is to introduce intragraft pressure (IGP) as intraprocedural parameter for outcome survey in hemodialysis patients with graft outflow lesions undergoing percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA). BACKGROUND: The role of IGP on procedural endpoint and patency is unknown. METHODS: Seventy-five participants with graft outflow lesions receiving PTA were enrolled. ...
Huisinga Jessie M - - 2010
Pharmacological treatment has been used to alleviate the claudication symptoms and improve walking performance in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) patients. However, the effects of claudication treatments on gait mechanics have not been objectively identified with biomechanical techniques. For this study, 20 PAD patients were assigned to take either pentoxifylline (n=11) ...
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