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Results 201 - 250 of 1249
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Mirhosseini Seyed Jalil - - 2013
Atrial fibrillation (AF) occurs in 30% patients on the second or third day post operation; therefore, it is the most prevalent and complicated arrhythmia after open heart surgery. White blood cell (WBC) count seems to be most significantly associated with cardiovascular disorders. This study was designed to evaluate the exact ...
Mirhosseini Seyed Jalil - - 2013
Cardiovascular disease is the leading reason of morbidity in older people. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is the most common type of operations in world. This study was designed to characterize comparison of early clinical outcome following on pump vs. off pump in patients over 70 years old with ...
Xu Zhen-Dong - - 2013
Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction is receiving more attention in patients with end-stage liver diseases. The importance of diastolic dysfunction observed before orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) and its adverse effects on hemodynamics and outcomes of OLT patients, have not been fully explored. We carried a retrospective study to investigate the influence ...
Umur Ahmet Sukru - - 2013
This study aims to determine the dysfunction caused by existing pathological condition in structures involved in the transfer of sensory functions of the neural system in cervical disc herniation, and to establish whether or not the level and degree of this anatomical damage can be anticipated by SEP (Somatosensorial Evoked ...
Meybohm Patrick - - 2013
Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) has been shown to enhance the tolerance of remote organs to cope with a subsequent ischemic event. We hypothesized that RIPC reduces postoperative neurocognitive dysfunction (POCD) in patients undergoing complex cardiac surgery. We conducted a prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial including 180 adult patients undergoing elective ...
Koo Hyang Mo - - 2013
Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is the third leading cause of hospital-acquired acute kidney injury, and it is associated with poor long-term clinical outcomes. Although systolic heart failure is a well-known risk factor for CIN, no studies have yet evaluated the association between diastolic dysfunction and CIN. We conducted a retrospective study ...
Garcia-Garcia Jose G - - 2013
To study the relationship between macular function assessed by multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG) and morphological changes evaluated with optical coherence tomography (OCT) and fundus photography in patients with drusen maculopathy. Ten patients (age 71 ± 5 years) with drusen maculopathy were compared to fifteen healthy control patients (age 67 ± 7 ...
Saxena Akshat - - 2013
An increasing proportion of patients present for concomitant aortic valve replacement (AVR) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the early outcomes and late survival of patients with different degrees of LV function undergoing concomitant AVR and CABG. ...
Pepe Pietro - - 2013
Introduction: Erectile dysfunction (ED) incidence following repeat saturation prostate biopsy (SPBx) was evaluated. Materials and methods: From January 2011 to June 2012 295 patients underwent repeat transperineal SPBx (median 28 cores) under sedation. The indications for biopsy were: abnormal DRE, PSA &gt; 10 ng/mL or included between 4.1-10 with free/total ...
Mu Dong-Liang - - 2013
Stress response induced by surgery is proposed to play an important role in the pathogenesis of postoperative cognitive dysfunction. To investigate the association between postoperative serum cortisol level and occurrence of cognitive dysfunction early after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Prospective cohort study. Two teaching hospitals. One hundred and sixth-six ...
Peng Linying - - 2013
Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is common following cardiac and non-cardiac surgery, but the pathogenic mechanisms remain unknown. Many studies suggest that an inflammatory response is a key contributor to POCD. The current meta-analysis shows that the levels of peripheral inflammatory markers are associated with POCD. An online search was performed ...
Page Brian J BJ The Center for Research in Cardiovascular Medicine, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, - - 2013
The reversibility of viable dysfunctional myocardium after revascularization is variable and the reasons for this are unknown. Using 2D-DIGE, we tested the hypothesis that this could reflect the extent of molecular remodeling of myocardial tissue in the absence of infarction. Swine with a progressive left anterior descending (LAD) stenosis were ...
Mun Hee-Sun HS Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Yonsei University College of - - 2013
The mechanisms underlying amiodarone-induced sinoatrial node (SAN) dysfunction remain unclear, so we used 3-dimensional endocardial mapping of the right atrium (RA) to investigate. In a matched-cohort design, 18 patients taking amiodarone before atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation (amiodarone group) were matched for age, sex and type of AF with 18 patients ...
Steinmetz J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: /st>Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a common complication in elderly patients after major surgery. An association between POCD and the development of dementia has been suspected. In this study, we assessed if POCD was a risk factor for the occurrence of dementia. METHODS: /st>Danish patients enrolled between November 1994 ...
Yoshino Satoshi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that atrial fibrillation (AF) adversely affects endothelial function. The goal of this study was to assess endothelial function in patients with AF before and after restoration of sinus rhythm by catheter ablation (ABL). METHODS: Reactive hyperemia peripheral arterial tonometry (RH-PAT) measurements reflecting endothelial function were conducted ...
Megas Georgios - - 2012
What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Erectile dysfunction after nerve-sparing radical retropubic prostatectomy constitutes a challenge to the urologist. The mainstay of medical treatment after radical prostatectomy to restore spontaneous erectile function remains phosphodiesterase (PDE5) inhibitors, despite the fact that data from animal studies suggesting ...
Ye Lifen - - 2012
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of washed cardiopulmonary (CPB) circuit residual blood reinfusion on the postoperative clinical outcome for pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery. A total of 309 consecutive Chinese cardiac patients receiving CPB between October 2010 and April 2011 were prospectively analyzed. For 217 patients, CPB circuit ...
Korse N S NS Department of Neurosurgery, Leiden University Medical Center, Postzone J11-R-83, Postbus 9600, RC 2300, Leiden, The Netherlands. - - 2013
Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a rare complication of lumbar disk herniation. Although micturition, defecation and/or sexual function are by definition affected, little seems to be known about long-term outcome. Aim of this study is to review current literature on outcome of micturition, defecation and sexual function in CES due ...
Afilalo Jonathan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although echocardiography is commonly performed before coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG), there has yet to be a study examining the incremental prognostic value of a complete echocardiogram. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients undergoing isolated CABG at two hospitals were divided into derivation and validation cohorts. A panel of quantitative echocardiographic ...
Bonkain Florence - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis (HD) tunneled cuffed catheters may be fitted with neutral-valve closed-system connectors. Such connectors, which are flushed with saline solution and used for 3 consecutive HD sessions, provide a mechanically closed positive-pressure barrier and potentially may be useful to prevent catheter-related bacteremia and dysfunction. STUDY DESIGN: Single-center randomized controlled ...
Aschenbach R - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of endovascular embolisation therapy in men with erectile impotence due to veno-occlusive dysfunction. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 29 patients with a history of erectile impotence due to veno-oclusive dysfunction confirmed by pharmacocavernosometry and cavernosography. All underwent endovascular embolisation therapy over transfemoral approach. After positioning the ...
Siddiqui Mashfiqul A - - 2012
ABSTRACT: STUDY DESIGN. This is a prospective study.OBJECTIVE. A 2-year outcome of erectile dysfunction (ED) in patients under 50 years with fracture-unrelated lumbar spine disease requiring surgical decompression for ED is evaluated. Risk factors for ED were also evaluated.SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA. There is no literature documenting 2 year follow ...
O─čuz Fatih F Department of Urology, Inonu University, Malatya, Turkey. - - 2013
Chronic periodontitis (CP) is characterized with inflammation of the gingival tissues, which causes endothelial dysfunction in different organs. In this study, we investigated the association of CP with the erectile dysfunction (ED). The study group included 80 male patients with ED and 82 male patients without ED (control), aged between ...
Rogers Jason H - - 2012
This study sought to evaluate the safety and feasibility of zotarolimus-eluting stent implantation in focal atherosclerotic lesions of the internal pudendal arteries among men with erectile dysfunction (ED) and a suboptimal response to phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors. ED, a common condition, is often mediated by atherosclerosis. Current treatment options are limited. Male ...
D'Amico Emanuele E Eleanor and Lou Gehrig MDA/ALS Center, Columbia University Medical Center, 710 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, - - 2013
PLS is defined as pure upper motor neuron disease/dysfunction (PUMND) beyond 48 months after symptom onset. We know little about its early stages, but such knowledge would help to identify the mechanisms underlying PLS and ALS and determine why PLS patients seem to be protected against lower MND (LMND). We ...
Kim Gwan Sic - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The data on echocardiographic evaluation of mitral durability after rheumatic mitral repair is scarce. METHODS: A total of 193 patients (mean age, 39.4 ± 12.8 years; 154 females) who underwent mitral valve repair for rheumatic valve disease from 1997 to 2010 were included in the study. A Maze operation ...
Lin Rong - - 2012
To estimate the accuracy of regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO(2)) in predicting postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) for patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty, 46 patients aged more than 50years old were enrolled. We measured the patients' cognitive function by using a battery of six neuropsychological tests before surgery and then 7days ...
Jurkiewicz Dariusz - - 2012
The development of minimally invasive procedures such as the balloon dilation Eustachian tuboplasty (BET) is an alternative to the grommet tympanum membrane. BET is applied in the cases where, after elimination of all factors influencing the ET and middle ear functioning, no sufficient improvement is observed. The aim of this ...
Hong Ling - - 2012
To explore the feasibility and effectiveness of a modified posterior vaginal mesh suspension method in treating female rectocele with intractable constipation. Descriptive study (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). The study was performed in the Study Center for Female Pelvic Dysfunction Disease, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji University ...
Niki Hisateru - - 2012
The results of medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy (MDCO) with flexor digitorum longus (FDL) tendon transfer were reviewed, as well as postoperative radiographic changes, to determine quantitative x-ray-based indications for MDCO with FDL tendon transfer in cases of adult-acquired flatfoot. Twenty-five patients, ages 42 to 71 years, underwent MDCO with FDL ...
Budweiser Stephan - - 2012
Introduction.  Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), particularly intermittent nocturnal hypoxemia, is associated with erectile dysfunction (ED). Aim.  We investigated in patients with OSA whether continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy has a long-term effect on sexual function, including ED, in the presence of other risk factors for ED. Methods.  Within a ...
Kadoi Yuji - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify whether reduced jugular venous oxygen saturation (SjvO(2)) in diabetic patients with impaired cerebrovascular carbon dioxide (CO(2)) reactivity could be improved by pulsatile perfusion during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and whether improved SjvO(2) could improve postoperative cognitive dysfunction after coronary artery bypass graft ...
Yasuda Takushi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Recently, reports from the West have indicated three-field lymphadenectomy (3FL) for esophageal cancer increases the accuracy of tumor staging and survival. However, this cervical procedure is likely to lead to swallowing dysfunction and aspiration, which are barriers to introducing this procedure in clinical practice. METHODS: Our goal is to ...
Balduyck Bram - - 2012
: To prospectively evaluate quality of life (QoL) evolution after a classic pulmonary metastasectomy or after an isolated lung perfusion (ILuP) metastasectomy. : QoL was prospectively recorded in 35 consecutive patients (27 classic metastasectomy; 8 ILuP) The European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer C30 and lung cancer -13 ...
Funabashi Martha - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess the subjective visual vertical in patients with bilateral vestibular dysfunction and to propose a new method to analyze subjective visual vertical data in these patients. Static subjective visual vertical tests were performed in 40 subjects split into two groups. Group A consisted ...
Mirhosseini Seyed Jalil - - 2012
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common type of arrhythmia following elective off-pump coronary bypass graft (CABG) surgery, occurring on the 2(nd) or 3(rd) postoperative day. Postoperative atrial fibrillation and early complications may be the cause of long term morbidity and mortality after hospital discharge. High sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) ...
Agarwal Mayank Mohan - - 2012
Urodynamic findings of lower urinary tract of women presenting with voiding dysfunction after successful repair of complex trigonal vesicovaginal fistulas at our institute are presented. In this retrospective case series, women presenting with voiding dysfunction after successful repair of obstetric fistulae were evaluated. In addition of standard clinical evaluation with ...
Matsushima Masashi - - 2012
PURPOSE: Few studies have evaluated changes in erectile function (EF) over time before and after prostate brachytherapy (PB) using the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF)-15. IIEF-15 is a sensitive and validated tool for the evaluation of male sexual dysfunction. In this prospective study, the natural history of EF after ...
Hudak Steven J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We present patient reported outcomes from our 5-year experience using penile plication to correct a wide variety of Peyronie's disease deformities. METHODS: A review of all men who underwent penile plication for Peyronie's disease by the senior author was performed. All patients underwent tunical plication without penile degloving via ...
Mekontso Dessap Armand - - 2012
RATIONALE: Difficult weaning from mechanical ventilation is often associated with fluid overload. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) has been proposed as a tool for predicting and detecting weaning failure of cardiovascular origin. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether fluid management guided by daily BNP plasma concentrations improves weaning outcomes compared to empirical therapy ...
Rolle Luigi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare simultaneous and 2-stage surgical implantation of an artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) and penile prosthesis (PP) for patients with severe urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction after prostatectomy. METHODS: The data from 23 patients were reviewed, 15 (group 1) underwent simultaneous implantation and 8 (group 2) underwent 2-stage surgery. ...
Jeong Il Soon - - 2012
Sarpogrelate and cilostazol are two commonly used adjunctive antiplatelet agents that also can be used to improve endothelial dysfunction. We compared the effects of sarpogrelate and cilostazol on endothelial dysfunction in active male smokers with flow-mediated dilatation (FMD). We enrolled and compared baseline and follow-up FMD in 20 young male ...
Lee Hun - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess clinical outcomes and tear cytokine levels in patients with moderate and severe meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) after treatment with oral minocycline and artificial tears versus artificial tears only. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized clinical trial. METHODS: Sixty eyes of 60 patients with stage 3 or 4 meibomian gland dysfunction ...
Anwar Didar S - - 2012
PURPOSE:: To report a case series of pupil abnormalities consistent with features of Urrets-Zavalia syndrome (UZS) after Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) for corneal edema secondary to corneal endothelial cell dysfunction. METHODS:: Retrospective chart analysis of subjects who developed UZS after DSAEK at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical ...
Shimizu Hiroki - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y (R-Y) gastric bypass, also known as bariatric surgery, sometimes causes postoperative hyperoxaluria and subsequent oxalate nephrolithiasis in obese patients. In this study, we retrospectively investigated the frequency of occurrence of nephrolithiasis and renal dysfunction in postoperative gastric cancer patients with respect to the surgical procedures employed. METHODS: Two ...
Parreiras Valdir Carlos - - 2012
Kidney dysfunction is a major complication in the postoperative cardiac surgery setting. Operative risk factors for its development are cardiopulmonary bypass, anemia, antifibrinolytic drugs and blood transfusion. The objective of this study was to identify the risk factors for developing kidney dysfunction in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Ninety-seven patients were ...
Nina Vinícius José da Silva - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Neurological dysfunction is a feared postoperative morbidity of cardiac surgery, an important cause of death and increased spending in hospitals. Its prediction, however, is still uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To assess the applicability of a preoperative score as a predictor of neurological dysfunction after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) under cardiopulmonary ...
Mirhosseini Seyed Jalil - - 2012
Diabetic mellitus (DM) is a major risk factor of morbidity, mortality and economic cost to society. Diabetic patients are at risk of having microvascular or macrovascular disorders of diabetes. Postoperative anemia have wide spectrum of some early complications that require more care in hospitalization stays. Therefore, this study was designed ...
Buddhe Sujatha - - 2012
OBJECTIVE.: To identify the risk factors that could predict postoperative outcome after aortic valve replacement in pediatric patients with isolated aortic regurgitation (AR). BACKGROUND.: There is controversy regarding the appropriate timing of surgery in asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic patients with isolated AR. In the pediatric age group, there are limited ...
Plaschke Konstanze - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Patients undergoing cardiac surgery are at risk for postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD). Evaluating preoperative risk factors represents 1 possible way to minimize the postoperative risk of cognitive dysfunction. We investigated marked deterioration in cholinergic neurotransmission as 1 such potential risk factor for transient and long-lasting POCD. Serum anticholinergic activity ...
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