Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1263
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Kim Ji Wook - - 2013
Inhalation anesthetics are an important factor for postoperative hepatic and renal dysfunction. In this regard, TIVA can reduce the risk of hepatic and renal dysfunction inherited to inhalation anesthetics. The present study was conducted to determine whether hepatic and renal functions differ after anesthesia with sevoflurane and propofol. Two hundred ...
Muratori Manuela - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to investigate the accuracy of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE)-derived parameters in the identification of bileaflet aortic prosthesis dysfunction, compared with fluoroscopy (FL). BACKGROUND: Identification of bileaflet aortic prosthesis dysfunction is challenging, because high mean pressure gradient (MPG >20 mm Hg) is not proof of prosthetic obstruction (AVPO), ...
Kelly Elizabeth A EA Division of Laryngology and Professional Voice, Department of Otolaryngology and Communication Sciences Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, - - 2013
We sought to review the dysphagia-related outcomes and quality of life in a series of patients with upper esophageal sphincter (UES) dysfunction treated with cricopharyngeal (CP) botulinum toxin (BTX) injection, and to identify patient characteristics or CP muscle histologic features that predict efficacy of BTX injection. A retrospective chart review ...
Endo Kei - - 2013
Aim: Probucol has antioxidant as well as cholesterol-lowering effects. We examined the effect of probucol on the progression of diabetic nephropathy. We named this study 'Sakura Study' after our hospital and city.Methods: We performed a randomized, open trial on 162 type 2 diabetic patients with clinical albuminuria (urinary albumin excretion ...
Mischie Alexandru Nicolae - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: to assess the endothelial dysfunction (ED) after bare metal stents (BMS) and sirolimus eluting stents (SES) implantation in the same patient, overcoming the confounding role of individual variables. BACKGROUND: SES reduce restenosis rate compared to BMS but cause more ED. ED is a potentially unsafe phenomenon, since it is ...
Togawa Osamu - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic placement of covered self-expandable metallic stents (CSEMSs) is effective for distal malignant biliary obstruction. However, management of dysfunctional CSEMSs has not been established. METHODS: Between March 1998 and July 2007, a total of 74 patients who underwent endoscopic re-interventions for CSEMS dysfunction were analyzed. Second stent insertion (CSEMS ...
Albacker Turki B - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: In patients with pulmonary dysfunction, it is unclear whether a less-invasive approach for aortic valve replacement is well tolerated or even beneficial. We investigated whether a partial upper J-incision for aortic valve replacement leads to more favorable outcomes than a full sternotomy in patients with chronic lung disease by ...
Caeiro Fernando - - 2013
Purpose: Autogenous fistulas are the preferential vascular access for hemodialysis. The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the efficacy of angioplasty for dysfunctional fistulas because of inflow dysfunction. 
Methods: We reviewed all the angiographic procedures performed on our institution between April 2007 and April 2009. Procedures performed in ...
Meyer Andreas - - 2013
WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT? AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: The development of side effects characteristic for the different treatment methods with impact on the patients' quality of life plays a growing role for individual patients with early stage prostate cancer. Using permanent brachytherapy a high dose to the ...
de Noronha Alessandra Ferreira - - 2013
Aims: Describe the impact of surgery, radiotherapy and chemoradiation in the pelvic floor functions in cervical cancer patients. Materials and Methods: A prospective study with women submitted to radical hysterectomy (RH) (n = 20), exclusive radiotherapy (RT) (n = 20) or chemoradiation (CT/RT) (n = 20) for invasive cervical cancer. ...
Amira Peco-Antic - - 2013
Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of standard and biofeedback bladder control training (BCT) on the resolution of dysfunctional elimination syndrome (primary outcome), and on the reduction of urinary tract infections (UTI) and the use of medications such as antibacterial prophylaxis and/or anticholinergic/alpha-blockers (secondary outcome) in girls older than aged least ...
Wu Jian - - 2013
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of chronic virus- related liver disease severity on propofol requirements. Materials and Methods: In this study, 48 male patients with chronic hepatitis B infection were divided into three groups according to Child-Turcotte-Pugh classification of liver function (groups A, B, ...
McGuinness Siobhan - - 2013
Our purpose is to assess the effectiveness of Botulinum toxin (Btx) on gait dysfunction due to ankle clonus in neurological patients. We use a retrospective case note review of 11 patients attending the Regional Acquired Brain Injury Unit (RABIU), Musgrave Park Hospital, Belfast, Northern Ireland. All patients had received Btx ...
Yoon Hye Eun - - 2013
Objective: This study evaluated the prognostic value of the aortic calcification index (ACI), an estimate of abdominal aortic calcification by plain abdominal computed tomography (CT), in terms of left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction, mortality, and nonfatal cardiovascular (CV) events in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Method: PD patients who received both ...
Koeda Chikahiko - - 2013
Objective Infective endocarditis (IE) continues to be associated with high mortality. The aim of the present study was to identify prognostic predictors for short-term mortality in patients with IE. Methods We conducted a retrospective study of 119 consecutive patients with IE (mean age 58±17). Prognostic predictors for mortality at the ...
Moon Ho Sik - - 2013
Olfactory dysfunction, including anosmia and hyposmia is difficult to treat. Although the mechanism is not well known, stellate ganglion block (SGB) is used to treat olfactory dysfunction. There are no prior studies on the long-term effects of SGB on olfactory dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ...
Mirhosseini Seyed Jalil - - 2013
Atrial fibrillation (AF) occurs in 30% patients on the second or third day post operation; therefore, it is the most prevalent and complicated arrhythmia after open heart surgery. White blood cell (WBC) count seems to be most significantly associated with cardiovascular disorders. This study was designed to evaluate the exact ...
Mirhosseini Seyed Jalil - - 2013
Cardiovascular disease is the leading reason of morbidity in older people. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is the most common type of operations in world. This study was designed to characterize comparison of early clinical outcome following on pump vs. off pump in patients over 70 years old with ...
Xu Zhen-Dong - - 2013
Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction is receiving more attention in patients with end-stage liver diseases. The importance of diastolic dysfunction observed before orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) and its adverse effects on hemodynamics and outcomes of OLT patients, have not been fully explored. We carried a retrospective study to investigate the influence ...
Umur Ahmet Sukru - - 2013
This study aims to determine the dysfunction caused by existing pathological condition in structures involved in the transfer of sensory functions of the neural system in cervical disc herniation, and to establish whether or not the level and degree of this anatomical damage can be anticipated by SEP (Somatosensorial Evoked ...
Meybohm Patrick - - 2013
Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) has been shown to enhance the tolerance of remote organs to cope with a subsequent ischemic event. We hypothesized that RIPC reduces postoperative neurocognitive dysfunction (POCD) in patients undergoing complex cardiac surgery. We conducted a prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial including 180 adult patients undergoing elective ...
Koo Hyang Mo - - 2013
Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is the third leading cause of hospital-acquired acute kidney injury, and it is associated with poor long-term clinical outcomes. Although systolic heart failure is a well-known risk factor for CIN, no studies have yet evaluated the association between diastolic dysfunction and CIN. We conducted a retrospective study ...
Garcia-Garcia Jose G - - 2013
To study the relationship between macular function assessed by multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG) and morphological changes evaluated with optical coherence tomography (OCT) and fundus photography in patients with drusen maculopathy. Ten patients (age 71 ± 5 years) with drusen maculopathy were compared to fifteen healthy control patients (age 67 ± 7 ...
Saxena Akshat - - 2013
An increasing proportion of patients present for concomitant aortic valve replacement (AVR) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the early outcomes and late survival of patients with different degrees of LV function undergoing concomitant AVR and CABG. ...
Pepe Pietro - - 2013
Introduction: Erectile dysfunction (ED) incidence following repeat saturation prostate biopsy (SPBx) was evaluated. Materials and methods: From January 2011 to June 2012 295 patients underwent repeat transperineal SPBx (median 28 cores) under sedation. The indications for biopsy were: abnormal DRE, PSA &gt; 10 ng/mL or included between 4.1-10 with free/total ...
Mu Dong-Liang - - 2013
Stress response induced by surgery is proposed to play an important role in the pathogenesis of postoperative cognitive dysfunction. To investigate the association between postoperative serum cortisol level and occurrence of cognitive dysfunction early after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Prospective cohort study. Two teaching hospitals. One hundred and sixth-six ...
Peng Linying - - 2013
Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is common following cardiac and non-cardiac surgery, but the pathogenic mechanisms remain unknown. Many studies suggest that an inflammatory response is a key contributor to POCD. The current meta-analysis shows that the levels of peripheral inflammatory markers are associated with POCD. An online search was performed ...
Szyluk Karol K District Hospital of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, Department of Hand Surgery, Piekary Slaskie, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess the utility of the Coonrad-Morrey elbow prosthesis in patients with severe elbow dysfunction secondary to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or post-traumatic elbow dysfunction. The study involved 35 patients followed up for a mean of 36 months. The patients were divided into those with ...
Mun Hee-Sun HS Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Yonsei University College of - - 2013
The mechanisms underlying amiodarone-induced sinoatrial node (SAN) dysfunction remain unclear, so we used 3-dimensional endocardial mapping of the right atrium (RA) to investigate. In a matched-cohort design, 18 patients taking amiodarone before atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation (amiodarone group) were matched for age, sex and type of AF with 18 patients ...
Gaziev Gabriele G Department of Urology, Policlinico Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy. - - 2013
Percutaneous Tibial Nerve Stimulation (PTNS) has been proposed for the treatment of overactive bladder syndrome (OAB), non-obstructive urinary retention (NOUR), neurogenic bladder, paediatric voiding dysfunction and chronic pelvic pain/painful bladder syndrome (CPP/PBS). Despite a number of publications produced in the last ten years, the role of PTNS in urinary tract ...
Steinmetz J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: /st>Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a common complication in elderly patients after major surgery. An association between POCD and the development of dementia has been suspected. In this study, we assessed if POCD was a risk factor for the occurrence of dementia. METHODS: /st>Danish patients enrolled between November 1994 ...
Yoshino Satoshi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that atrial fibrillation (AF) adversely affects endothelial function. The goal of this study was to assess endothelial function in patients with AF before and after restoration of sinus rhythm by catheter ablation (ABL). METHODS: Reactive hyperemia peripheral arterial tonometry (RH-PAT) measurements reflecting endothelial function were conducted ...
Megas Georgios - - 2012
What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Erectile dysfunction after nerve-sparing radical retropubic prostatectomy constitutes a challenge to the urologist. The mainstay of medical treatment after radical prostatectomy to restore spontaneous erectile function remains phosphodiesterase (PDE5) inhibitors, despite the fact that data from animal studies suggesting ...
Ye Lifen - - 2012
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of washed cardiopulmonary (CPB) circuit residual blood reinfusion on the postoperative clinical outcome for pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery. A total of 309 consecutive Chinese cardiac patients receiving CPB between October 2010 and April 2011 were prospectively analyzed. For 217 patients, CPB circuit ...
Korse N S NS Department of Neurosurgery, Leiden University Medical Center, Postzone J11-R-83, Postbus 9600, RC 2300, Leiden, The Netherlands. - - 2013
Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a rare complication of lumbar disk herniation. Although micturition, defecation and/or sexual function are by definition affected, little seems to be known about long-term outcome. Aim of this study is to review current literature on outcome of micturition, defecation and sexual function in CES due ...
Afilalo Jonathan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although echocardiography is commonly performed before coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG), there has yet to be a study examining the incremental prognostic value of a complete echocardiogram. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients undergoing isolated CABG at two hospitals were divided into derivation and validation cohorts. A panel of quantitative echocardiographic ...
Bonkain Florence - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis (HD) tunneled cuffed catheters may be fitted with neutral-valve closed-system connectors. Such connectors, which are flushed with saline solution and used for 3 consecutive HD sessions, provide a mechanically closed positive-pressure barrier and potentially may be useful to prevent catheter-related bacteremia and dysfunction. STUDY DESIGN: Single-center randomized controlled ...
Aschenbach R - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of endovascular embolisation therapy in men with erectile impotence due to veno-occlusive dysfunction. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 29 patients with a history of erectile impotence due to veno-oclusive dysfunction confirmed by pharmacocavernosometry and cavernosography. All underwent endovascular embolisation therapy over transfemoral approach. After positioning the ...
Oğuz Fatih F Department of Urology, Inonu University, Malatya, Turkey. - - 2013
Chronic periodontitis (CP) is characterized with inflammation of the gingival tissues, which causes endothelial dysfunction in different organs. In this study, we investigated the association of CP with the erectile dysfunction (ED). The study group included 80 male patients with ED and 82 male patients without ED (control), aged between ...
Rogers Jason H - - 2012
This study sought to evaluate the safety and feasibility of zotarolimus-eluting stent implantation in focal atherosclerotic lesions of the internal pudendal arteries among men with erectile dysfunction (ED) and a suboptimal response to phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors. ED, a common condition, is often mediated by atherosclerosis. Current treatment options are limited. Male ...
D'Amico Emanuele E Eleanor and Lou Gehrig MDA/ALS Center, Columbia University Medical Center, 710 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, - - 2013
PLS is defined as pure upper motor neuron disease/dysfunction (PUMND) beyond 48 months after symptom onset. We know little about its early stages, but such knowledge would help to identify the mechanisms underlying PLS and ALS and determine why PLS patients seem to be protected against lower MND (LMND). We ...
Kim Gwan Sic - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The data on echocardiographic evaluation of mitral durability after rheumatic mitral repair is scarce. METHODS: A total of 193 patients (mean age, 39.4 ± 12.8 years; 154 females) who underwent mitral valve repair for rheumatic valve disease from 1997 to 2010 were included in the study. A Maze operation ...
Lin Rong - - 2012
To estimate the accuracy of regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO(2)) in predicting postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) for patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty, 46 patients aged more than 50years old were enrolled. We measured the patients' cognitive function by using a battery of six neuropsychological tests before surgery and then 7days ...
Jurkiewicz Dariusz - - 2012
The development of minimally invasive procedures such as the balloon dilation Eustachian tuboplasty (BET) is an alternative to the grommet tympanum membrane. BET is applied in the cases where, after elimination of all factors influencing the ET and middle ear functioning, no sufficient improvement is observed. The aim of this ...
Hong Ling - - 2012
To explore the feasibility and effectiveness of a modified posterior vaginal mesh suspension method in treating female rectocele with intractable constipation. Descriptive study (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). The study was performed in the Study Center for Female Pelvic Dysfunction Disease, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji University ...
Niki Hisateru H Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, Kanagawa, Japan. - - 2012
The results of medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy (MDCO) with flexor digitorum longus (FDL) tendon transfer were reviewed, as well as postoperative radiographic changes, to determine quantitative x-ray-based indications for MDCO with FDL tendon transfer in cases of adult-acquired flatfoot. Twenty-five patients, ages 42 to 71 years, underwent MDCO with FDL ...
Budweiser Stephan - - 2012
Introduction.  Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), particularly intermittent nocturnal hypoxemia, is associated with erectile dysfunction (ED). Aim.  We investigated in patients with OSA whether continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy has a long-term effect on sexual function, including ED, in the presence of other risk factors for ED. Methods.  Within a ...
Kadoi Yuji - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify whether reduced jugular venous oxygen saturation (SjvO(2)) in diabetic patients with impaired cerebrovascular carbon dioxide (CO(2)) reactivity could be improved by pulsatile perfusion during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and whether improved SjvO(2) could improve postoperative cognitive dysfunction after coronary artery bypass graft ...
Yasuda Takushi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Recently, reports from the West have indicated three-field lymphadenectomy (3FL) for esophageal cancer increases the accuracy of tumor staging and survival. However, this cervical procedure is likely to lead to swallowing dysfunction and aspiration, which are barriers to introducing this procedure in clinical practice. METHODS: Our goal is to ...
Balduyck Bram - - 2012
: To prospectively evaluate quality of life (QoL) evolution after a classic pulmonary metastasectomy or after an isolated lung perfusion (ILuP) metastasectomy. : QoL was prospectively recorded in 35 consecutive patients (27 classic metastasectomy; 8 ILuP) The European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer C30 and lung cancer -13 ...
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