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Results 151 - 200 of 1249
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Oji Tomito - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of diagnostic and operative time on velopharyngeal closure in submucosal cleft palate (SMCP). METHODS: SMCP patients treated at the Keio University School of Medicine from 1986 to 2011 were enrolled as subjects. Clinical data were obtained, including patient sex, age at diagnosis, and operative age, ...
Cox Zachary L - - 2013
Purpose:To determine steady state milrinone concentrations in patients with stage D heart failure (HF) with and without renal dysfunction METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients with stage D HF at a single medical center on continuous milrinone infusion at the time of plasma collection for entry into a research registry database. ...
Ji Mu-Huo - - 2013
This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between plasma cortisol levels and the occurrence of postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) in aged patients following hip fracture surgery. A total of 175 patients, aged 65 years or older, who were scheduled for hip fracture surgery with spinal anesthesia were enrolled. Perioperative plasma levels ...
Feng Chao - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Various urethroplasty techniques have been used to treat urethral stricture. Whether the patient erectile function is affected by this open surgery is still controversial. AIM: The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between erectile function and open urethroplasty. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was ...
Trost Landon W - - 2013
Since their introduction 60 years ago, penile prostheses have remained the standard therapy for the management of refractory erectile dysfunction, with multiple long-term series reporting outcomes. A PubMed search was performed from 1990 to present, and outcomes of penile prosthetics were reviewed. Studies with <12 months follow-up were excluded. Overall mechanical survival ...
Luo Xuefeng - - 2013
To investigate the safety, efficacy and long-term patency of parallel shunts (PS) in the management of the transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) dysfunction. Between March 2007 and October 2010, 18 patients (13 men and 5 women) who underwent TIPS revision with the creation of PS were evaluated retrospectively. In the ...
Ruggieri Vito Giovanni - - 2013
The aim was to evaluate the early and long-term results of redo-aortic valve replacement (AVR) for dysfunctioning bioprostheses, according to the type of bioprosthesis failure. The performance of the EuroSCORE in predicting operative mortality was addressed. A retrospective analysis was performed of 164 patients who had undergone redo-AVR at the ...
Tabata Minoru - - 2013
The long-term outcomes of early surgery in patients with asymptomatic severe chronic mitral regurgitation (MR) and the impact of preoperative left ventricular dysfunction, atrial fibrillation (AF) and/or pulmonary hypertension (PH) on outcomes in this patient group, were evaluated. Between 1992 and 2007, a total of 212 patients (mean age 50 ...
Choi Jeong-Seok - - 2013
Background: Ablation of the thyroid tissue using radioiodine (RI) after the surgical removal of well-differentiated thyroid cancer (WDTC) can induce radiation-related salivary gland (SG) dysfunction. However, in vivo changes of SGs following RI administration in appropriate animal models are not well described in the literature. This study was undertaken to ...
George Anil Thomas - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: Pudendal nerve stimulation (PNS) aims to maximize afferent or efferent stimulation from the sacral plexus. BACKGROUND:: We hypothesized this may be a promising new treatment for patients with bowel dysfunction in complete cauda equina syndrome (CES). METHOD:: Thirteen patients with complete CES [8 constipation predominant (group 1) and 5 ...
Scheeren Thomas W L - - 2013
Perioperative hemodynamic optimisation improves postoperative outcome for patients undergoing high-risk surgery (HRS). In this prospective randomized multicentre study we studied the effects of an individualized, goal-directed fluid management based on continuous stroke volume variation (SVV) and stroke volume (SV) monitoring on postoperative outcomes. 64 patients undergoing HRS were randomized either ...
Belkoff L H - - 2013
Aim:  Determine the long-term efficacy, safety and tolerability of avanafil, a highly specific, rapidly absorbed phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor in male patients with mild to severe erectile dysfunction (ED), with or without diabetes. Methods:  This was a 52-week, open-label extension of two 12-week, randomised, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trials. Patients were ...
Engstrom Bjorn I - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of ultrasound for detecting transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) malfunction in covered stents in comparison with bare metal stents. MATERIALS AND METHODS. During a 6-year period, 126 TIPS angiography examinations were performed in 78 patients who had undergone a ...
El-Meliegy Amr - - 2013
Abstract Background: Erectile dysfunction (ED) negatively impacts quality of life. Phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5Is) are effective in treating ED; however, rates of discontinuation remain high. Objectives: To assess on-demand PDE5I treatment persistence and adherence through 6 months in Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) men with ED in a ...
Tang Jin - - 2013
Introduction: The objective of this study was to explore the role of intracavernous injection (ICI) and audiovisual sexual stimulation (AVSS) during real-time pharmacopenile Doppler ultrasonography (PDDU) in vasculogenic subtypes of erectile dysfunction. Materials and Methods: A total of 200 consecutive men with erectile dysfunction (ED) were enrolled. Each patient received ...
Radtke F M FM Department of Anaesthesiology and Surgical Intensive Care Medicine, Campus Charité Mitte and Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, Berlin 10117, - - 2013
Postoperative delirium in elderly patients is a frequent complication and associated with poor outcome. The aim of this parallel group study was to determine whether monitoring depth of anaesthesia influences the incidence of postoperative delirium. Patients who were planned for surgery in general anaesthesia expected to last at least 60 ...
Kontraros M - - 2013
Introduction: We assessed the pathological characteristics of the radical prostatectomy specimen, the rate of biochemical failure and the functional outcome after surgery, in terms of incontinence and erectile dysfunction rate, in patients on statin medication. Materials and Methods: A total of 588 patients with a mean age 65.2 years (SD ...
Bandeali Salman J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is paucity of evidence on the association between preoperative diuretics use and outcomes following cardiac surgery. We hypothesized that diuretic use prior to cardiac surgery will be associated with adverse in-hospital clinical outcomes. METHODS: We evaluated patients undergoing cardiac surgery at a single institution between Jan 1, 2000 ...
Naito Yoshifumi - - 2013
PURPOSE: Left atrial enlargement correlates with the severity of diastolic dysfunction and is a predictor of cardiovascular complications such as atrial fibrillation. Aortic valve stenosis (AS) causes left atrial enlargement and progression of diastolic dysfunction. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of the preoperative left atrial ...
Fujinami Kaoru - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical and electrophysiologic natural history of Stargardt disease and correlate with the genotype. DESIGN: Cohort study of 59 patients. METHODS: Clinical history, examination, and electrophysiologic assessment were undertaken in a longitudinal survey. Patients were classified into 3 groups based on electrophysiologic findings, as previously published: Group ...
Koo Nam Kyun - - 2013
To determine the correlation between renal dysfunction and the morphologic changes of macular edema in diabetes. The current study included 93 patients with diabetic macular edema based on optical coherence tomography (OCT) who completed systemic condition testing one month before or after the OCT. Based on the OCT findings, patients ...
Tian David H - - 2013
A recent concern of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) in aortic arch surgery has been its potential association with increased risk of coagulopathy, elevated inflammatory response and end-organ dysfunction. Recently, moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest (MHCA) with selective antegrade circulatory arrest (SACP) seeks to negate potential hypothermia-related morbidities, while maintaining adequate ...
Cheung Anson - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of mitral biological prostheses are being implanted in clinical practice. Transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation may be a lower risk alternative treatment for high-risk patients with mitral valve degeneration. OBJECTIVE: We describe our experience with mitral transapical transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation (TVIV). METHODS: Twenty-three consecutive patients with severe mitral bioprosthetic ...
Markov Nickolay P - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is an emerging technique in trauma; however, the physiologic sequelae have not been well quantified. The objectives of this study were to characterize the burden of reperfusion and organ dysfunction of REBOA incurred during 30 or 90 min of class IV ...
Ekerhult Teresa O - - 2013
PURPOSE: Open urethroplasty is the preferred treatment for recurrent bulbar urethral strictures, but there are still some controversies regarding the optimal technique and the consequences of transecting urethra regarding sexual dysfunction, such as erectile dysfunction, penile shortening, impaired glans filling, decreased glans sensibility and ejaculatory function. This study is a ...
Zhou Mengtao M Department of Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital, Wenzhou Medical College, 2 Fuxue Lane, Wenzhou, Zhejiang Province, China. - - 2013
Our aim was to investigate the efficiency of continuous regional intra-arterial infusion (CRAI) with antisecretory agents and antibiotics in the treatment of infected pancreatic necrosis. CRAI was used as a new clinical technique to treat acute pancreatitis patients during a 4-year period at the First Affiliated Hospital, Wenzhou Medical College, ...
Grasso Carmelo - - 2013
The aim of this study was to report on the 30-day and 1-year outcomes of percutaneous mitral valve repair with the MitraClip technique in patients with grade ≥3+ mitral regurgitation (MR) at high risk for conventional surgical therapy enrolled in the prospective Getting Reduction of Mitral Insufficiency by Percutaneous Clip ...
Lili Xu - - 2013
PURPOSE: Ulinastatin, a urinary trypsin inhibitor, is widely used to treat acute systemic inflammatory disorders. However, its effects on early postoperative cognitive function have not been fully elucidated. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of ulinastatin on serum IL-6, TNF-α, CRP and S100β protein concentration and ...
Salazar Dane - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing shoulder surgery in the beach chair position may be at increased risk for serious neurocognitive complications due to cerebral ischemia. We sought to define the incidence, patient risk factors, and clinical sequelae of intraoperative cerebral desaturation events. METHODS: Regional cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (rSO2) was monitored intra-operatively ...
Gwak M S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Changes in respiratory parameters and pulmonary function tests were evaluated after shoulder arthroscopic surgery with brachial plexus block (BPB). The purpose of this study was to identify the mechanism of respiratory dysfunction after this type of surgery. METHODS: Patients undergoing arthroscopic rotator cuff repair under general anesthesia (GA) with ...
Shintani Tsunehiro - - 2013
Objective: To evaluate outcomes after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with neck thrombus. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent EVAR for AAA at our institution from 2007 to 2011. Patients with ruptured AAA, chronic renal failure, or hostile neck characteristics other than thrombus were excluded. ...
Stephany Heidi A HA Division of Pediatric Urology, Monroe Carell Jr. Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt, Nashville, Tennessee. Electronic address: - - 2013
Sacral neuromodulation for refractory urinary dysfunction in pediatrics shows promising results. We prospectively evaluated patients undergoing sacral neuromodulation using validated quality of life and bladder dysfunction questionnaires. All patients were prospectively enrolled in the study. Two validated questionnaires were completed preoperatively, after lead placement and at all followups. The PedsQL™ ...
Shavit Linda - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The proportion of elderly individuals is growing and the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) among elderly people undergoing cardiac surgery is increasing constantly. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of different degrees of preoperative renal dysfunction on postoperative outcomes in patients older than 80years ...
Kim Ji Wook - - 2013
Inhalation anesthetics are an important factor for postoperative hepatic and renal dysfunction. In this regard, TIVA can reduce the risk of hepatic and renal dysfunction inherited to inhalation anesthetics. The present study was conducted to determine whether hepatic and renal functions differ after anesthesia with sevoflurane and propofol. Two hundred ...
Muratori Manuela - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to investigate the accuracy of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE)-derived parameters in the identification of bileaflet aortic prosthesis dysfunction, compared with fluoroscopy (FL). BACKGROUND: Identification of bileaflet aortic prosthesis dysfunction is challenging, because high mean pressure gradient (MPG >20 mm Hg) is not proof of prosthetic obstruction (AVPO), ...
Kelly Elizabeth A EA Division of Laryngology and Professional Voice, Department of Otolaryngology and Communication Sciences Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, - - 2013
We sought to review the dysphagia-related outcomes and quality of life in a series of patients with upper esophageal sphincter (UES) dysfunction treated with cricopharyngeal (CP) botulinum toxin (BTX) injection, and to identify patient characteristics or CP muscle histologic features that predict efficacy of BTX injection. A retrospective chart review ...
Endo Kei - - 2013
Aim: Probucol has antioxidant as well as cholesterol-lowering effects. We examined the effect of probucol on the progression of diabetic nephropathy. We named this study 'Sakura Study' after our hospital and city.Methods: We performed a randomized, open trial on 162 type 2 diabetic patients with clinical albuminuria (urinary albumin excretion ...
Mischie Alexandru Nicolae - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: to assess the endothelial dysfunction (ED) after bare metal stents (BMS) and sirolimus eluting stents (SES) implantation in the same patient, overcoming the confounding role of individual variables. BACKGROUND: SES reduce restenosis rate compared to BMS but cause more ED. ED is a potentially unsafe phenomenon, since it is ...
Togawa Osamu - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic placement of covered self-expandable metallic stents (CSEMSs) is effective for distal malignant biliary obstruction. However, management of dysfunctional CSEMSs has not been established. METHODS: Between March 1998 and July 2007, a total of 74 patients who underwent endoscopic re-interventions for CSEMS dysfunction were analyzed. Second stent insertion (CSEMS ...
Albacker Turki B - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: In patients with pulmonary dysfunction, it is unclear whether a less-invasive approach for aortic valve replacement is well tolerated or even beneficial. We investigated whether a partial upper J-incision for aortic valve replacement leads to more favorable outcomes than a full sternotomy in patients with chronic lung disease by ...
Caeiro Fernando - - 2013
Purpose: Autogenous fistulas are the preferential vascular access for hemodialysis. The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the efficacy of angioplasty for dysfunctional fistulas because of inflow dysfunction. ‚Ä©Methods: We reviewed all the angiographic procedures performed on our institution between April 2007 and April 2009. Procedures performed in ...
Meyer Andreas - - 2013
WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT? AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: The development of side effects characteristic for the different treatment methods with impact on the patients' quality of life plays a growing role for individual patients with early stage prostate cancer. Using permanent brachytherapy a high dose to the ...
de Noronha Alessandra Ferreira - - 2013
Aims: Describe the impact of surgery, radiotherapy and chemoradiation in the pelvic floor functions in cervical cancer patients. Materials and Methods: A prospective study with women submitted to radical hysterectomy (RH) (n = 20), exclusive radiotherapy (RT) (n = 20) or chemoradiation (CT/RT) (n = 20) for invasive cervical cancer. ...
Amira Peco-Antic - - 2013
Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of standard and biofeedback bladder control training (BCT) on the resolution of dysfunctional elimination syndrome (primary outcome), and on the reduction of urinary tract infections (UTI) and the use of medications such as antibacterial prophylaxis and/or anticholinergic/alpha-blockers (secondary outcome) in girls older than aged least ...
Wu Jian - - 2013
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of chronic virus- related liver disease severity on propofol requirements. Materials and Methods: In this study, 48 male patients with chronic hepatitis B infection were divided into three groups according to Child-Turcotte-Pugh classification of liver function (groups A, B, ...
Szyluk Karol - - 2013
Background: The aim of this study was to assess the utility of the Coonrad-Morrey elbow prosthesis in patients with severe elbow dysfunction secondary to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or post-traumatic elbow dysfunction. Material/Methods: The study involved 35 patients followed up for a mean of 36 months. The patients were divided into ...
McGuinness Siobhan - - 2013
Our purpose is to assess the effectiveness of Botulinum toxin (Btx) on gait dysfunction due to ankle clonus in neurological patients. We use a retrospective case note review of 11 patients attending the Regional Acquired Brain Injury Unit (RABIU), Musgrave Park Hospital, Belfast, Northern Ireland. All patients had received Btx ...
Yoon Hye Eun - - 2013
Objective: This study evaluated the prognostic value of the aortic calcification index (ACI), an estimate of abdominal aortic calcification by plain abdominal computed tomography (CT), in terms of left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction, mortality, and nonfatal cardiovascular (CV) events in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Method: PD patients who received both ...
Koeda Chikahiko - - 2013
Objective Infective endocarditis (IE) continues to be associated with high mortality. The aim of the present study was to identify prognostic predictors for short-term mortality in patients with IE. Methods We conducted a retrospective study of 119 consecutive patients with IE (mean age 58±17). Prognostic predictors for mortality at the ...
Moon Ho Sik - - 2013
Olfactory dysfunction, including anosmia and hyposmia is difficult to treat. Although the mechanism is not well known, stellate ganglion block (SGB) is used to treat olfactory dysfunction. There are no prior studies on the long-term effects of SGB on olfactory dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ...
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