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Results 101 - 150 of 1249
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de Amorim Célio Gomes - - 2013
Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is related to inflammatory response and pulmonary dysfunction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of CPB leukocyte filtration on inflammation and lung function after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). A prospective randomized study was performed to compare CABG patients undergoing CPB leukocyte filtration ...
Hayashi Hironobu - - 2013
Postoperative visual dysfunction (POVD) after cardiovascular surgery rarely is reported, since it is more likely underdetected and underreported. This study was designed to verify the presence of POVD, including a variety of asymptomatic as well as symptomatic visual dysfunctions after cardiovascular surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). A prospective observational study. ...
Chen Guochun - - 2013
Mechanical catheter dysfunction caused by omentum entrapment remains a major complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD) therapy. The purpose of this study was to determine the outcomes of omentum folding at the time of primary open catheter insertion. From March 2008 to December 2012, a total of 67 PD subjects were ...
Li Da - - 2013
To evaluate the long-term outcome and functional recovery of intramedullary medullocervical ependymoma (IME), the clinical charts of 38 surgically treated consecutive cases of IME were reviewed. Follow-up was obtained prospectively. The mean age of the patients (19 male and 19 female) was 35.3 years (range: 11-60 years). Complete resection was ...
Chao Tzu-Hao - - 2013
Purpose: One complication of thrombolysis is intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). We investigated whether treatment with tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) for ischemic infarction results in a higher risk of ICH in patients with kidney dysfunction, who are predisposed to treatment complications due to their bleeding tendency. Methods: A total of 297 patients ...
Ellensen Vegard Skalstad - - 2013
Acute dysfunction of mechanical aortic valve prostheses is a life-threatening adverse event. Pannus overgrowth, which is fibroelastic hyperplasia originating from the periannular area, is one cause of dysfunction. The aim of this study was to determine the annual incidence of readmittance resulting from acute obstruction caused by pannus during 30 years ...
Kitano Masayuki M Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Kinki University, Osaka-sayama, - - 2013
The requirements of biliary stents used in the palliation of malignant biliary obstruction are a long duration of patency and minimal adverse effects. Covered self-expandable metal stents (SEMSs) have been shown to prevent tumor ingrowth, which is the most frequent complication of uncovered SEMSs. However, because they are prone to ...
Emmertsen K J - - 2013
Bowel dysfunction after sphincter-preserving surgery for rectal cancer is a common complication, with the potential to affect quality of life (QoL) strongly. The aim of this study was to examine the extent of bowel dysfunction and impact on health-related QoL after curative sphincter-preserving resection for rectal cancer. QoL was assessed ...
Zangrillo Alberto - - 2013
To comprehensively assess published peerreviewed studies related to extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), focusing on outcomes and complications of ECMO in adult patients. Systematic review and meta-analysis. MEDLINE/PubMed was searched for articles on complications and mortality occurring during or after ECMO. Included studies had more than 100 patients receiving ECMO and ...
Nishi Hiroyuki - - 2013
Although postoperative liver dysfunction (LD) following left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation is associated with high mortality, outcome is difficult to predict in patients with liver dysfunction. We aimed to clarify factors affecting recovery from LD after VAD implantation. A total of 167 patients underwent LVAD implantation, of whom 101 ...
Terré R - - 2013
In a previous pilot study, we demonstrated that a single injection of botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) in the cricopharyngeus muscle is effective in patients with neurologic dysphagia with upper esophageal sphincter (UES) opening dysfunction and presence of some pharyngeal contraction (>25 mmHg). The aim of this study was to confirm the ...
Al-Nowaylati Abdl-Rawf - - 2013
Background: Little data available to assess outcomes of bariatric surgery in patients who have undergone orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Methods: The University of Minnesota bariatric surgery database and transplant registry were retrospectively reviewed to identify patients who had undergone OLT followed by open Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) between 2001 and ...
Fumino Shigehisa - - 2013
Although most patients with choledochal cyst (CC) have a favorable prognosis with prompt treatment, some of them are complicated with liver fibrosis, resulting in prolonged liver dysfunction even after definitive surgery. The aim of this study was to distinguish the high-risk group of liver fibrosis in patients with CC. Fifteen ...
Vieillard V - - 2013
Currently, severe erectile dysfunction can be treated by intracavernous injections of solutions containing three active ingredients: prostaglandin E1 (PGE1), papaverine and urapidil. Very few data exist on this mixture where phentolamine has been replaced by Urapidil because Phentolamine is not used for this indication in France. The aim of our ...
Luo Xue-Feng XF Department of Gastroenterology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan Province, - - 2013
To evaluate the clinical efficacy of an expanded polytetrafluoro-ethylene-covered Fluency stent compared with that of a polyethylene terephthalate-covered Wallgraft stent for the management of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) dysfunction. A retrospective review of patients who underwent TIPS revision with stent-grafts between May 2007 and June 2011 was conducted. The ...
Damm Michael - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of olfactory training (OT) on olfactory function in patients with persistent post-infectious olfactory dysfunction (PIOD). Randomized, single-blind, controlled multicenter cross-over study. 1b SETTING: Twelve tertiary University medical centers participated. Investigations were performed at three visits (baseline; after 18 and 36 ...
Ryu Junsun - - 2013
Voice and throat dysfunction may occur in patients after thyroidectomy, even in the absence of apparent laryngeal nerve injury. We evaluated the impact of thyroid surgery on voice and throat function using perceptive, objective, and subjective measurements in a prospectively enrolled and serially followed cohort of thyroid cancer patients. We ...
Cho Dong-Hyuk - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction on predicting postoperative pulmonary edema and major cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients who underwent low- or intermediate-risk noncardiac surgery. A total of 692 patients aged >60 years who underwent transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) before undergoing elective low- ...
Pontailler Margaux - - 2013
Postoperative left atrioventricular valve (LAVV) dysfunction is known to be the principal risk factor influencing outcome after repair of all types of atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD). The purpose of the present study was to identify the risk factors for reoperation and to assess the outcomes after reoperation for LAVV dysfunction. ...
Jamzadeh Asha E - - 2013
Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in young men are becoming a more recognized urologic issue that can arise from many causes, each with their own management strategy. The purpose of this study was to determine the rates and types of voiding dysfunction causing LUTS in men under 40 years. Videourodynamic studies ...
Zacharakis Evangelos - - 2013
The current management of ischaemic priapism that is refractory to conventional medical therapy is a form of shunt procedure that diverts blood away from the corpus cavernosum. The aim of this study was to assess the outcome of the T shunt and intracavernous tunnelling for the management of ischaemic priapism. ...
Gopaldas Raja R - - 2013
Cirrhosis substantially affects morbidity and mortality in patients who undergo complex surgical procedures. However, cirrhosis is not included as a parameter in standardized perioperative cardiac risk assessment models. We sought to identify the impact of cirrhosis on coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and off-pump CABG (OPCAB) outcomes. Using the 1998 ...
Bajaj Sunil Kumar - - 2013
To compare the outcomes of conversion of non-tunneled to tunneled hemodialysis catheters with de novo placement of tunneled catheters and to determine the effect of time to conversion of non-tunneled to tunneled catheters on the incidence of complications. A retrospective data analyses was performed on 1,154 patients who had de ...
Tari Samir R - - 2013
Purpose: To determine the utility of PolyChromatic Angiography (PCA) in the assessment of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) induced blood retinal barrier (BRB) dysfunction in rabbits. Methods: Twenty six eyes of twenty four Dutch Belted rabbits were injected intravitreally with 1.25 µg (group A, n=5), 10 µg (Group C, n=7), ...
Song Wei-Dong - - 2013
We retrospectively evaluated the clinical outcome of penile prosthesis implantation (PPI) in Chinese patients with severe erectile dysfunction (SED). From July 2000 to December 2011, 224 patients (mean age: 35.9±11.8 years, range: 20-75 years) with SED underwent PPI by experienced surgeon according to standard PPI procedure at our centre. A ...
Sirvinskas E - - 2013
The aim of study was to assess the effects of an intraoperative external head-cooling technique on cognitive dysfunction in the early postoperative period (at the 10th day) in patients after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Patients in Group H (n=25) were cooled with CPB and the intraoperative, external head-cooling ...
Okabe Hirohisa - - 2013
During hepatic resection, accurate estimation of remnant liver volume and hepatic function is crucial for avoiding postoperative liver failure. The purpose of this study was to identify preoperative factors related to postoperative liver dysfunction according to the percentage of future liver remnant volume (%FLR). A total of 625 patients who ...
Krishnamoorthy Suresh - - 2013
Endothelial damage/dysfunction may contribute to a prothrombotic state in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and the increased risk of thromboembolism and cardiovascular events. Raised plasma von Willebrand factor (vWf), an established marker of endothelial damage/dysfunction, has been associated with stroke and vascular events, at least in a clinical trial population. ...
Lalonde Spencer D - - 2013
The HeartWare ventricular assist device (HVAD) is a new generation centrifugal flow VAD recently introduced in Canada. The objective of this study was to compare the HVAD device to the HeartMate II (HMII) axial flow device. Very few studies have compared clinical outcomes between newer generation VADs. All perioperative and ...
Kalkavoura Christina S - - 2013
Antipsychotic medications are associated to different degrees with sexual dysfunction mainly through their potential to induce hyperprolactinemia. Prolactin (PRL) secretion is mainly regulated by the hypothalamic dopaminergic systems. We conducted this 6-month, parallel-group study to prospectively investigate the effects of the dopamine agonist cabergoline on sexual dysfunction in clinically stable ...
Mehta Siddhant K - - 2013
The literature supports fusion as the surgical treatment of choice for stage III posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD). The present study reports the radiographic correction following a modified triple arthrodesis (fusions of the subtalar, talonavicular, and first tarsometatarsal joints) in patients with stage III PTTD. An institutional review board-approved retrospective ...
Jung You Jin - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate short-term thyroid dysfunction and related risk factors in pediatric patients who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) during childhood. We studied 166 patients (100 boys and 66 girls) who underwent HSCT at the Catholic HSCT Center from January 2004 through December 2009. ...
Petrou Steven P - - 2013
Objective: To analyze the benefit of voiding chain cystourethrography (VCC) [placing a radiographic opaque chain into the urethra and bladder and asking the patient to void under fluoroscopy] in the urodynamic evaluation of female bladder outlet obstruction (BOO). Materials and Methods: Females with post anti-incontinence operation voiding dysfunction who underwent ...
Myers Patrick O - - 2013
The optimal age and duration of left ventricular (LV) training in congenitally corrected transposition (ccTGA) with an unprepared LV is unknown. The objective of this study was to review the effect of age at pulmonary artery banding (PAB) and duration of ventricular training on LV function and aortic regurgitation (AR) ...
Kneist W - - 2013
Intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) aims to control nerve-sparing total mesorectal excision (TME) for rectal cancer in order to improve patients' functional outcome. This study was designed to compare the urogenital and anorectal functional outcome of TME with and without IONM of innervation to the bladder and the internal anal sphincter. A ...
Falcone Marco M Urologic Clinic, "Città della Salute e della Scienza" - Molinette Hospital, Corso Bramante 88, Torino, Italy. - - 2013
To evaluate the outcomes, the patients', and their partners' satisfaction concerning the AMS Spectra penile prosthesis implantation. Twenty-two unresponsive or dissatisfied patients with phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor oral therapy or prostaglandin intracavernous injection underwent a Spectra penile prosthesis implantation. No major intraoperative or postoperative complications were observed. The preoperative erectile dysfunction ...
Macheras George A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Kidney dysfunction (KD) after hip fracture surgery is a major complication. However, the incidence and risk factors of KD in this population are unclear. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We therefore (1) determined the incidence of KD in a large cohort of fracture patients, (2) identified preoperative risk factors predisposing to KD, and ...
Meguro Makoto - - 2013
We examined whether the data obtained by monitoring central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) and/or stroke volume variation (SVV) during hepatectomy, as measured with the FloTrac/Vigileo system, can predict postoperative liver dysfunction. This study included 33 patients with normal liver function who underwent hepatectomy between December 2007 and August 2010. Baseline ...
Vilaseca A - - 2013
To study the utility of neurovascular preservation for postoperative erection in radical cystectomy. Retrospective analysis of 44 cystectomies performed at our center between January 2006-December 2009 in men <65 years. In 11 cases a neurovascular preservation was done. We analyzed age, BMI, indication for surgery, urinary diversion, use of i-PDE5 ...
Chua Su-Kiat - - 2013
Background: Renal dysfunction is associated with a higher rate of atrial fibrillation in clinical practice. This study investigated the associations between renal function, left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction, and postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF). Methods and Results: A total of 265 consecutive patients who underwent cardiac surgery were prospectively enrolled in the study. ...
Chua Su-Kiat - - 2013
Background: Renal dysfunction is associated with a higher rate of atrial fibrillation in clinical practice. This study investigated the associations between renal function, left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction, and postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF). Methods and Results: A total of 265 consecutive patients who underwent cardiac surgery were prospectively enrolled in the study. ...
Tung Bau-Kuei - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Identification of predictors for permanent facial nerve dysfunction and timing of recovery are important for the management of patients who experience immediate facial nerve dysfunction after parotidectomy. METHODS: In this 6-year retrospective cohort study, 54 such patients were analyzed to determine the associated prognostic factors and timing of recovery. ...
Roehrborn Claus G - - 2013
PURPOSE: We report the first multi-center randomized blinded trial of the Prostatic Urethral Lift (PUL) for the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Men of at least 50 years with American Urological Association Symptom Index (AUASI)ࣙ 13, a maximum flow ...
Wang Yuefeng - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Vascular comorbidities (VC) (hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia) are known factors related to erectile dysfunction (ED) in men. However, no data are yet available for the effects of VC on ED incidence after prostate cancer radiotherapy (XRT). AIM: To investigate the influence of VC on post-XRT ED incidence and to ...
Ari Hasan - - 2013
Diastolic dysfunction leads to atrial fibrillation (AF) by increasing left atrial pressure and also increases recurrence rate after cardioversion. So, L-wave, which is associated with severe diastolic dysfunction, could predict recurrent AF after cardioversion. The aim of this study was to investigate predictive value of L-wave for AF recurrence at ...
McElhinney Doff B - - 2013
BACKGROUND: TRANSCATHETER (PERCUTANEOUS) PULMONARY VALVE (TPV) REPLACEMENT HAS EMERGED AS A VIABLE THERAPY FOR RIGHT VENTRICULAR OUTFLOW TRACT CONDUIT DYSFUNCTION. LITTLE IS KNOWN ABOUT THE INCIDENCE, CLINICAL COURSE, AND OUTCOME OF INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS (IE) AFTER TPV IMPLANT. WE REVIEWED COMBINED DATA FROM 3 ONGOING PROSPECTIVE MULTICENTER TRIALS TO EVALUATE THE ...
Moisseiev Elad - - 2013
To compare the intraocular pressure (IOP) during the first postoperative year after penetrating keratoplasty (PK) and Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK). Retrospective chart review. Fifty-three pseudophakic eyes of 53 patients who underwent PK or DSAEK because of endothelial dysfunction between January 2006 and December 2010 were included. Surgeries consisted ...
Park Jae Bum - - 2013
Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) induces variable systemic inflammatory reactions associated with major organ dysfunction via polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs). Ulinastatin, a urinary trypsin inhibitor, inhibits PMN activity and reduces systemic inflammatory responses. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of ulinastatin on postoperative blood loss and laboratory changes in ...
Nakamura Kunihide - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify predictors of early and late outcome after total arch replacement (TAR) for atherosclerotic aortic arch aneurysm. METHODS: TAR with separate arch vessel grafting and selective cerebral perfusion was performed in 130 patients. The median age at operation was 72.9 ± 6.1 years (57-86 years). Emergency operation was performed ...
Hamilton D Kojo - - 2013
Object Sexual function is an often-overlooked aspect of health-related quality of life among older adults treated for spinal deformity. The authors' objective was to assess sexual function among older adults following thoracolumbar fusion with pelvic fixation for spinal deformity. Methods This was a retrospective review of consecutive older adults (≥50 ...
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