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Zhong Z X ZX Department of Cardiology, Meizhou Hospital Affiliated to Zhongshan University, Meizhou, Guangdong, - - 2014
Our aim was to investigate the role of chemokines in promoting instability of coronary atherosclerotic plaques and the underlying molecular mechanism. Coronary angiography and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) were performed in 60 stable angina pectoris (SAP) patients and 60 unstable angina pectoris (UAP) patients. The chemotactic activity of monocytes in the ...
Kumara Hmc Shantha HS HMC Shantha Kumara, Elizabeth A Myers, Sonali AC Herath, Joon Ho Jang, Linda Njoh, Xiaohong Yan, Daniel Kirchoff, Vesna Cekic, Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Mount Sinai-Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY 10019, United - - 2014
To investigate plasma Monocyte Chemotactic Protein-1 levels preoperatively in colorectal cancer (CRC) and benign patients and postoperatively after CRC resection. A plasma bank was screened for minimally invasive colorectal cancer resection (MICR) for CRC and benign disease (BEN) patients for whom preoperative, early postoperative, and 1 or more late postoperative ...
Fabbrocini Gabriella G Section of Dermatology, Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, University Federico II, Naples, - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate adherence to therapy in acne patients using mobile phones and Short Message Service (SMS) to communicate. Methods: 160 patients were randomly assigned to two groups: the SMS group received 2 text messages twice a day for a period of 12 weeks; the control group did not receive ...
Murphy I J IJ Occupational Health Service, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, City Hospital Campus, Hucknall Road, Nottingham NG5 1PB , UK. - - 2014
Doctors' sickness absence reduces the quality and continuity of patient care and is financially costly. Doctors have lower rates of sickness absence than other healthcare workers. To compare self-reported with recorded sickness absence in doctors in a UK National Health Service hospital trust. A retrospective questionnaire study. The main outcome ...
Ding Lei L Nursing College of Nantong University, Nantong City, Jiangsu Province, - - 2014
Compared with a dry environment with talcum powder, a wet, alkaline environment with NaHCO3 solution is better for hair removal, as it can soften and expand the hair, decrease the friction and shear forces on the skin, and make hair removal easier and more efficient. The purpose of this study ...
Wong K B KB Department of Accident and Emergency, Tuen Mun Hospital, Tuen Mun, Hong - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. Airway management and endotracheal intubation may be required urgently when a patient deteriorates in an ambulance or aircraft during interhospital transfer or in a prehospital setting. The objectives of this study were: (1) to compare the effectiveness of conventional intubation by Macintosh laryngoscope in a moving ambulance versus that ...
Tonkin M A MA Department of Hand Surgery & Peripheral Nerve Surgery, Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, Australia - - 2014
We assessed pollicizations performed by one surgeon; compared function of the pollicized digit in patients with and without forearm/wrist anomalies; and determined if hand function changed with age. A total of 42 hands were assessed an average of 5.7 years post-operatively, 21 with a forearm/wrist anomaly (Group 1) and 21 ...
Buschang Peter H PH a  Regent's Professor and Director of Orthodontic Research, Department of Orthodontics, Baylor College of Dentistry, Texas A&M Health Science Center, Dallas, - - 2014
ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the time efficiency of aligner therapy (ALT) and conventional edgewise braces (CEB) based on large samples of patients treated by the same highly experienced orthodontist, with the same treatment goals for both groups of patients. Materials and Methods: The retrospective portion of the study evaluated 150 ...
Cağıran Esra E Department of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey. - - 2014
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the pre-emptive analgesic efficacy of intravenous (IV) dexketoprofen trometamol (DT) and placebo, following impacted mandibular third molar surgery. Methods: Twenty patients over 18 year old who needed bilateral lower third molar extractions were included in this prospective, randomized and placebo-controlled clinical ...
Vercellino Giuseppe F GF Department of Gynecology, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Charité, Hindenburgdamm 30, 12200, Berlin, Germany, - - 2013
To compare loop excisions of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse (CIN 2+) under video exoscopy, or colposcopic guidance, with respect to safety and effectiveness. Prospective multicentric randomized trial of 300 patients, undergoing loop excision for CIN 2+ either under video exoscopy (group A) or colposcope (group B) guidance. ...
Buschang Peter H - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To compare the time efficiency of aligner therapy (ALT) and conventional edgewise braces (CEB) based on large samples of patients treated by the same highly experienced orthodontist, with the same treatment goals for both groups of patients. Materials and Methods: The retrospective portion of the study evaluated 150 ...
Kołodziej Lukasz L Department of Orthopaedics, Traumatology and Oncology of the Musculoskeletal System, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, - - 2013
Background. Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) ranks among the most common causes of adult acquired flatfoot deformity. The deformity develops gradually through characteristic stages and its early manifestations are often ignored or mis-diagnosed. The aim of the study was to gain an insight into what the participants of the 5th ...
Phan Vivian A - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the complexity and effectiveness of fitting bitoric rigid gas permeable contact lenses (RGPCLs), compared to spherical RGPCLS, when used in the correction of high amounts of post-penetrating keratoplasty astigmatism. Records of post-penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) patients being managed with bitoric RGPCLs were compared ...
Feng Fan F Department of Digestive Surgery, Xijing Hospital of Digestive Diseases, the Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, Shaanxi Province, - - 2013
To assess the impact of fast-track surgery (FTS) on hospital stay, cost of hospitalization and complications after radical total gastrectomy. A randomized, controlled clinical trial was conducted from November 2011 to August 2012 in the Department of Digestive Surgery, Xijing Hospital of Digestive Diseases, the Fourth Military Medical University. A ...
Yazıcı Haşmet - - 2013
This study aimed at determining the limits of preoperative investigation and calculate estimated cost analysis in septoplasty with and without turbinate surgery. A retrospective chart review. The study was conducted at secondary referral center. A retrospective chart review of patients who have undergone septoplasty over a 1-year period was performed. ...
Letton C - - 2013
A new integrated care pathway (ICP) proforma for gynaecological oncology patients was developed and introduced in early 2010. The ICP is a goal-defined and time-specified documentation by gynaecological oncology doctors and nurses, guided by certain parameters to be achieved in pre and postoperative days. All patients were admitted to the ...
Sato Takeshi - - 2013
Objective: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) serves as a major artificial hydration/feeding method in the terminal care of elderly patients. We surveyed the state of patients who underwent PEG at our hospital and investigated the clinical characteristics of patients in the long-term survival group, and the short-term survival group. Methods: The ...
Little Paul P Primary Care and Population Science, Faculty of Medicine University of Southampton, UK. - - 2012
Management of pharyngitis is commonly based on features which are thought to be associated with Lancefield group A beta-haemolytic streptococci (GABHS) but it is debatable which features best predict GABHS. Non-group A strains share major virulence factors with group A, but it is unclear how commonly they present and whether ...
Albertal Jorge Manuel - - 2012
A successful outcome of elective aesthetic surgery should be preceded by clear criteria for patient selection. A solid patient-doctor bond and, ideally, a relationship where "empathy" is the key should be the goal before proceeding. We describe the usefulness of a new practical psychological triage system: the 5 Preoperative Key ...
Sadiq S A - - 2012
In long-standing facial palsy, muscles on the normal side overcontract causing difficulty in articulation, eating, drinking, cosmetic embarrassment, and psychological effects as patients lack confidence in public. We injected botulinum toxin A (BTXA) into the normal contralateral smile muscles to weaken them and restore symmetry to both active and passive ...
Adamzik Michael - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Hemolysis can be induced in sepsis via various mechanisms, its pathophysiological importance has been demonstrated in experimental sepsis. However, no data on free hemoglobin concentrations in human sepsis are available. In the present study we measured free hemoglobin in patients with severe sepsis as well as in postoperative ...
George Timothy J TJ Division of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, - - 2012
Recent literature suggests that a restrictive approach to red blood cell transfusions is associated with improved outcomes in cardiac surgery patients. Even in the absence of bleeding, intravascular fluid shifts cause hemoglobin levels to drift postoperatively, possibly confounding the decision to transfuse. The purpose of this study was to define ...
Za Tay T ITU and Anaesthetics Department, Peterborough City Hospital, Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, UK. - - 2012
An 81-year-old man on warfarin was admitted to hospital after 3 days of constipation, straining and mild rectal bleeding. A large, boggy mass was felt posteriorly on direct rectal examination. Investigations revealed a normocytic anaemia and a supratherapeutic international normalised ratio (INR). Fearing a late presentation of malignancy, an urgent ...
Kotsar Andres - - 2011
Purpose: To evaluate the effect of indomethacin-eluting biodegradable urethral stent on the production of inflammatory cytokines in vitro and the degradation and biocompatibility of the new stent in vivo. Materials and Methods: The effects of indomethacin and indomethacin-eluting biodegradable stent on monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1, RANTES (regulated on activation, normal ...
Adeniyi A F - - 2011
Efforts to promote better health of sickle cell anaemia (SCA) patients in low-income countries through the use of cheap and available alternatives are desirable. We investigated whether a locally designed incentive spirometry will improve peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) of teenage SCA patients. Forty-nine SCA teenagers were randomized into either ...
Zhao Yingchuan - - 2011
The objective of this retrospective study was to explore, which radiographic parameters, immediately after posterior spinal fusion with pedicle screw fixation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), best correlate with subjacent disc wedging at a minimum of 2-year follow-up. Sixty-four consecutive AIS patients who underwent posterior pedicle screw-only instrumentation were studied. ...
Abdelkader Ehab A - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate "in vivo" safety of trypan blue (TB) in patients undergoing TB-assisted internal limiting membrane or epiretinal membrane peeling. Prospective study including 21 patients (21 eyes) with full-thickness macular hole and/or epiretinal membrane undergoing TB-assisted internal limiting membrane/epiretinal membrane peeling. Main outcome measures ...
Ilfeld Brian M - - 2011
When using ultrasound guidance to place a perineural catheter for a continuous peripheral nerve block, keeping the needle in plane and nerve in short axis results in a perpendicular needle-to-nerve orientation. Many have opined that when placing a perineural catheter via the needle, the acute angle may result in the ...
Sun Yi - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:To evaluate uncorrected distance, intermediate, and near visual acuity (VA), uncorrected near stereoacuity, the preferred reading distance, and reading speed after bilateral implantation of AcrySof ReSTOR SN6AD1 or SN6AD3 multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) (Alcon, Laboratories Fort Worth, TX). PATIENTS AND METHODS:Forty patients (80 eyes) from our hospital were ...
Beauchamp Guy - - 2011
How individuals migrate over long distances is an enduring mystery of animal migration. Strong selection pressure for travelling in groups has been suggested in long-distance migrating species. Travelling in groups can reduce the energetic demands of long migration, increase navigational accuracy and favour group foraging at migratory halts. Nevertheless, this ...
Yang Hee Kyung - - 2011
PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy of different types of strabismus surgeries in patients with convergence insufficiency (CI)-type exotropia, according to their response to diagnostic monocular occlusion. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-five patients with CI-type exotropia with near-distance differences of ≥10 prism diopters (PD) who underwent strabismus surgery. METHODS: Patients ...
Singh Devinder P - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: In the presence of turbinate dysfunction, an inferior turbinectomy for persistent hypertrophy of bone and/or mucosa may be performed. We sought to explore anatomic feasibility of a transoral turbinectomy. METHODS:: After transoral inferior turbinectomy in 12 cadavers, average distances from the external nasal valve to inferior turbinate and from ...
Franchini Mario - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the x-ray appearance of Essure microinserts 5 years after their insertion. DESIGN: Prospective controlled study. SETTING: Tertiary referral centers for gynecologic care. PATIENT(S): Forty-five consecutive women with successful hysteroscopic bilateral placement of the Essure devices and postprocedure satisfactory hysterosalpingography confirmation test. INTERVENTION(S): Pelvic anteroposterior x-ray. MAIN OUTCOME ...
Jenkins Todd M - - 2011
Regular follow-up after bariatric surgery is important to assess the clinical status. Various factors could influence retention (i.e., compliance with clinical follow-up). The present analysis tested the hypothesis that the distance from the center will influence clinical retention for adolescent bariatric surgery patients. Our aim was to determine whether the ...
McGuinness Niall J P - - 2011
Our objective was to determine which factors were predictive of good long-term outcomes after fixed appliance treatment of Class II Division 1 malocclusion. Two hundred seven patients with Class II Division 1 malocclusion were examined in early adulthood at a mean of 4.6 years after treatment with fixed appliances. The ...
Lutz Michael M The Institute for Foot and Ankle Reconstruction at Mercy, Baltimore, MD, - - 2011
Forefoot varus deformity and medial column instability can develop or be present in association with ankle and hindfoot pathology. This study aimed to confirm the utility of medial cuneiform opening wedge osteotomy as part of hindfoot and ankle deformity correction. Patients requiring operative management of flatfoot deformity between January 2002 ...
Yang Jae Jun - - 2011
The purposes of the present study are to evaluate the subsidence and nonunion that occurred after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion using a stand-alone intervertebral cage and to analyze the risk factors for the complications. Thirty-eight patients (47 segments) who underwent anterior cervical fusion using a stand-alone polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cage ...
Dickmann Anna - - 2011
To determine the effect of vertical displacement of muscle insertions on the surgical dose-response relationship in patients undergoing bilateral medial rectus recessions. Retrospective chart review of patients undergoing bilateral medial rectus recessions for correction of congenital esotropia with or without vertical displacement for A or V patterns. Patients were clustered ...
O'Kelly Cian J - - 2011
Background: In the management of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), the potential for early complications and the centralization of limited resources often challenge the delivery of timely neurosurgical care. We sought to determine the impact of proximity to the accepting neurosurgical centre on outcomes following aneurysmal SAH. Methods: Using administrative data, we ...
Al-Amin Azzam - - 2011
The authors present a case of a 75-year-old man who underwent 2 months of radiotherapy for prostate cancer. He developed rectal bleeding 6 months later. A colonoscopy showed radiation proctitis with no other abnormalities up to the caecum. He was treated with a variety of medical therapies and argon beam ...
Rahmah Nunung Nur - - 2011
Sylvian fissure (SF) is an important corridor in neurosurgery, and the end of sylvian fissure (eSF) represents the optimal target area to expose suitable recipient artery in STA-MCA bypass. Unfortunately little have been addressed concerning its relationship with external cranial surface. Correlation between Squamous Suture (SS) and SF was investigated. ...
Nozawa Takeshi T Nozawa Dental Office, Ojiya-Ken, Japan. - - 2011
This study examined the distances between the facial and palatal papillae (DFPP) in the maxillary anterior dentition. A total of 360 filled interdental papillae in 72 study models were examined (Group A: 36 young patients, Group B: 36 adult patients). The DFPP was measured directly on alginate impressions. In Group ...
Shahin Yousef - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported the clinical effects of long-term treatment with cardioprotective medications in patients with lower limb peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in terms of reducing cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. A number of these studies investigated the clinical effect of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) on walking distance in ...
Machado Júnior Almiro J - - 2010
The persistence of childlike deglutition after the replacement of deciduous teeth is described as atypical deglutition. This condition has been attributed to sucking action without nutritive purposes, use of a feeding bottle, oral respiration, and anatomical abnormalities. Among the possible anatomical alterations, the hyoid bone, as a result of being ...
Fratelli N - - 2011
The effects of epidural anaesthesia on maternal uteroplacental blood flow in the presence of uterine contractions remain unclear. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effects of epidural analgesia with bolus doses on uterine artery pulsatility index (UtA-PI) during labour. In a prospective case-control study, UtA-PI was measured ...
Tan T - - 2011
Ward-based patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) for postoperative pain control was introduced at our institution in 2006. We audited the efficacy and safety of ward-based PCEA from January 2006 to December 2008. Data were collected from 928 patients who received PCEA in general surgical wards for postoperative analgesia using bupivacaine 0.125% ...
Wang Louis William - - 2010
The use of a continuous local anaesthesia infusion after laparotomy may reduce opioid requirements and facilitate earlier return of bowel function, independent mobilization and hospital discharge. We performed a double-blinded, randomized controlled trial on 55 patients who underwent laparotomy. Patients were randomly allocated to receive a continuous infusion of either ...
Pekcan Zeynep - - 2010
To investigate the analgesic and side effects of epidural morphine or a fentanyl patch after ovariohysterectomy in dogs. Prospective, randomized clinical study. Twenty female mongrel dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy. The dogs were allocated to one of two groups: epidural morphine or transdermal fentanyl patch. Anaesthesia was induced with propofol and maintained ...
Chan S K - - 2010
The analgesic efficacy of continuous local anaesthetic wound instillation after open hepatic surgery was evaluated. Forty-eight patients scheduled for elective liver surgery were assigned to receive either ropivacaine 0.25% or saline infusion at 4 ml.h(-1) for 68 h via two multi-orifice indwelling catheters placed within the musculo-fascial layer before skin ...
Aung Ei Thu - - 2010
PURPOSE: To review the effectiveness of continuous regional analgesia (CRA) via wound catheters after abdominal surgery in a district general hospital (Wanganui, New Zealand). METHODS: Retrospective review of postoperative analgesia after CRA via wound catheters was introduced (April 2008 to December 2008). Pain scores, HDU stay, opiate use and complications ...
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