Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2813
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Dempsey Amanda L - - 2010
Knee flexion contractures have been associated with increased pain and a reduced ability to perform activities of daily living. Contractures can be treated either surgically or conservatively, but these treatment options may not be as successful with worker's compensation patients. The purposes of retrospective review were to 1) determine the ...
Takeuchi Ryohei - - 2010
The choice of surgical treatments for unicompartmental osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is still somewhat controversial. Midterm results from cases treated using unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) or open wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) were evaluated retrospectively. Twenty-seven knees of 24 patients with varus deformities underwent OWHTO and 30 knees of ...
Kozol Menachem Z - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Individuals with hemiparesis resulting from cerebrovascular accident often demonstrate uncontrollable sliding of the paretic lower extremity when attempting to lift their pelvis from a hook-lying position (bridging), during bed mobility. This disorder is often attributed to hypertonicity of the knee extensors, though this assumption has not been confirmed experimentally. ...
Vincent Heather K - - 2010
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of anemia on inpatient rehabilitation outcomes following unilateral and bilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHOD: This was a multicenter, retrospective study from 15 inpatient rehabilitation facilities. Patients (N = 5421) with very low hematocrit (Hct <30%), low Hct (30-36% women, 30-41% men), or normal Hct ...
Schmal Hagen - - 2010
Although there is much known about the role of BMPs in cartilage metabolism reliable data about the in vivo regulation in natural and surgically induced cartilage repair are still missing. Lavage fluids of knee joints of 47 patients were collected during surgical therapy. 5 patients had no cartilage lesion and ...
Dannawi Zaher - - 2010
The goal of this study was to evaluate the Elmslie-Trillat procedure for recurrent patellar dislocation, patellofemoral pain (with extensor mechanism malalignment), or a combination of both. Thirty-two patients underwent the modified Elmslie-Trillat procedure, consisting of a lateral retinacular release and medialization of the tibial tuberosity for recurrent patellar dislocation, patellofemoral ...
Duany Nyagon G - - 2010
To date, reports of surgical treatment of spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee (SPONK) refractory to non-operative treatment have primarily focused on knee arthroplasty. This report presents an overview of the characteristics of SPONK and reports our experience with joint-preserving surgical treatment of this condition. Fifteen patients who had joint-preserving surgery ...
Parmaksizo─člu Atilla Sancar - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated short-term results of the Oxford phase 3 unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) in patients with medial compartment arthritis. METHODS: The study included 38 patients (28 females, 10 males; mean age 67 years; range 56 to 75 years) who underwent UKA for isolated medial knee osteoarthritis. At the time ...
Vissers Maaike M - - 2010
After total knee arthroplasty (TKA) only 75-89% of patients are satisfied. Because patient satisfaction is a prime goal of all orthopaedic procedures, optimization of patient satisfaction is of major importance. Factors related to patient satisfaction after TKA have been explored, but no studies have included two potentially relevant factors, i.e. ...
Forriol Francisco - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing total knee replacements constitute a suitable population to study the natural history of traumatic joint injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied all the patients who received a TKA (Total knee arthroplasty) over the course of one year, in five different centers. The study included 474 patients who ...
Odumenya M - - 2010
Between May 1998 and May 2007 we carried out 50 Avon patellofemoral joint replacements in 32 patients with isolated patellofemoral osteoarthritis. There were no revisions in the first five years, giving a cumulative survival of 100% for those with a minimum follow-up of five years. The mean follow-up was 5.3 ...
Bostan Bora - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Conservative treatment should be tried prior to surgical treatment in knee osteoarthritis. This study was designed to evaluate the short-term effects of mud-pack therapy on pain relief and functional improvement in knee osteoarthritis in comparison with intra-articular hyaluronic acid injections. METHODS: The study included 23 patients who were diagnosed ...
Jacofsky David J - - 2010
This prospective, randomized study compares functional outcomes between a novel support device (Secure Tracks™) and a standard walker following unilateral total knee replacement. Thirty patients were randomized for the study; 15 walker patients (70.7 ± 6.4 yrs) and 15 Secure Track patients (68.2 ± 6.7 yrs) (p=0.31). Total distance walked ...
Ertürk Cemil - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the early results of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) performed through the midvastus approach. METHODS: This retrospective study included 48 knees of 42 patients (29 females, 13 males; mean age 69 years; range 54 to 82 years) who underwent TKA for grade ...
Castagna Alessandro - - 2010
This study is to compare, in patients suffering of knee joint disorder, the effects of intra-articular injection of Sodium Hyaluronate, and those of a treatment aiming at the improvement of the emotional status carried out by means of a Radio Electric Device (REAC). 30 subjects were divided into two groups: ...
Taylor Benjamin C - - 2010
Although the rates of perioperative morbidity and mortality with simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty remain a concern, multiple studies have shown the procedure to be safe in selected patient populations. Evidence also remains mixed regarding the outcomes of total knee arthroplasty in obese patients. The purpose of this paper is ...
Chan Wing P - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to develop, from patients' characteristics and radiography, a formula reflecting the decision for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in patients with a painful osteoarthritic knee. METHODS: We reviewed medical records of 193 consecutive patients who had knee osteoarthritis and underwent primary TKA surgery and ...
Garcia Ryan M - - 2010
Revision total knee arthroplasty in patients with rheumatoid arthritis can be challenging. We asked whether we could confirm previously reported high failure rates following revision total knee arthroplasty in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. We therefore determined the Knee Society knee score and function scores, radiographic evidence of failure, and overall ...
Efe Turgay - - 2010
High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is a well established technique for the treatment of medial osteoarthritis of the knee with varus malalignment. Results of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) after previous HTO are still discussed controversially. The aim of this study was to elucidate the clinical and radiological results as well as ...
Kumagai Kenji - - 2010
Pentosan polysulfate sodium (pentosan) is a semi-synthetic drug manufactured from beech-wood hemicellulose by sulfate esterification of the xylopyranose hydroxyl groups. From in vitro and animal model studies, pentosan has been proposed as a disease modifying osteoarthritis drug (DMOAD). The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy, safety, and ...
Muller Sandra - - 2010
Repair of full thickness defects of articular cartilage in the knee is difficult but important to prevent progression to osteoarthritis. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the clinical results of Osteochondral Autograft Transplant System (OATS) treatment for articular defects of the knee.Between 1999 and 2005, 15 knees ...
Denegar Craig R - - 2010
This investigation assessed preferences for, and effects of, 5 days of twice daily superficial heat, cold, or contrast therapy applied with a commercially available system permitting the circulation of water through a wrap-around garment, use of an electric heating pad, or rest for patients with level II-IV osteoarthritis (OA) of ...
Pérez-Cachafeiro Santiago - - 2010
The Spanish Ministry of Health commissioned the Galician Agency for Health Technology Assessment to monitor and follow-up Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation (ACI) used to treat chondral lesions of the knee in Spain. The objective of this monitoring was to assess efficacy and safety of the technique. One-hundred and eleven consecutive patients ...
Hirschmann Michael T - - 2010
The purpose of this prospective consecutive multicenter study was to investigate whether the type of surgical approach (medial parapatellar (MPA) or lateral parapatellar with tibial tubercle osteotomy (TubOT)) influences the early clinical and radiological outcomes of primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Ligament balancing primary TKA with a rotating platform was ...
Xie Feng - - 2010
To quantify the improvement in health outcomes in patients after total knee replacement (TKR). This was a two-year non-randomized prospective observational study in knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients undergone TKR. Patients were interviewed one week before, six months after, and two years after surgery using a standardized questionnaire including the SF-36, ...
Bar-Ziv Yaron - - 2010
This study examined the effect of treatment with a novel biomechanical device on the level of pain and function in patients with knee OA. Patients with bilateral knee OA were enrolled to active and control groups. Patients were evaluated at baseline, at 4 weeks and at the 8-week endpoint. A ...
Kastanias Patti - - 2010
To investigate whether patient-controlled oral analgesia (PCOA) used by individuals receiving a total knee replacement could reduce pain, increase patient satisfaction, reduce opioid use and/or reduce opioid side effects when compared with traditional nurse (RN)-administered oral analgesia. Patients who underwent an elective total knee replacement at a quaternary care centre ...
Hernandez-Vaquero Daniel - - 2010
Minimal invasion surgery (MIS) is a recent technique recommended for Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) but demands an effort of the surgeons and the learning curve may be long. Twenty six MIS-TKA were matched to 36 standard TKA with respect to age, sex, body mass index or preoperative score. All patients ...
Dettoni Federico - - 2010
This review examined the literature regarding high tibial osteotomy (HTO) and unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA), focusing on indications, survivorship and functional outcomes of the two procedures, as well as revision to total knee arthroplasty (TKA) after failed HTO or UKA. HTO and UKA share the same indications in selected cases ...
Karam Matthew D - - 2010
Total knee replacement (TKR) is reserved for patients with severe and disabling arthritis that is non-responsive to conservative measures. Based on existing data, total knee replacement is a safe and cost-effective treatment for alleviating pain and improving physical function in patients who do not respond to conservative therapy. Despite the ...
Liebensteiner Michael C - - 2010
Although the numbers of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are increasing, there is only a small number of studies investigating driving safety after TKA. The parameter 'Brake Response Time (BRT)' is one of the most important criteria for driving safety and was therefore chosen for investigation.The present study was conducted to ...
Nglazi Mweete D MD The Desmond Tutu HIV Centre, Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa. - - 2010
High rates of loss to follow-up (LTFU) are undermining rapidly expanding antiretroviral treatment (ART) services in sub-Saharan Africa. The intelligent dispensing of ART (iDART) is an open-source electronic pharmacy system that provides an efficient means of generating lists of patients who have failed to pick-up medication. We determined the duration ...
Alkire Martha R MR Cincinnati Orthopedic Research Institute, Cincinnati, OH, - - 2010
Continuous passive motion (CPM) has shown positive effects on tissue healing, edema, hemarthrosis, and joint function (L. Brosseau et al., 2004). CPM has also been shown to increase short-term early flexion and decrease length of stay (LOS) ( L. Brosseau et al., 2004; C. M. Chiarello, C. M. S. Gundersen, ...
Greco Nicholas J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The International Knee Documentation Committee Subjective Knee Form (IKDC SKF) is a patient-reported knee-specific outcome measure that has been shown to be a reliable, valid, and responsive measure for patients with a variety of knee conditions. Further testing is required to compare the reliability and responsiveness of the IKDC ...
Heir Stig - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Patients with focal cartilage defects in the knee may suffer from both pain and functional impairment. Treatment options are often insufficient. It is not known, however, to what extent their complaints affect quality of life, compared with other knee disorders. Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) is a ...
Bae Dae Kyung - - 2010
The purpose is to identify whether the position of the tibial component in relation to the anatomical axis affects the postoperative mechanical axis in total knee arthroplasty for Korean patients. Preoperatively, 30 patients with varus deformity lesser than 10° were classified as group A, and 30 patients greater than 10° ...
Rahman Wael A - - 2010
This prospectively blinded randomized controlled study evaluated the difference in the functional and radiological outcomes in patients who received a press-fit condylar Sigma cemented cruciate-substituting total knee arthroplasty with either a rotating platform (RP) or a fixed bearing (FB). There were 51 joints in 49 patients: 24 joints in the ...
Brockbank Kelvin G M - - 2010
The limited availability of fresh osteochondral allograft tissues necessitates the use of banking for long-term storage. A vitrification solution containing a 55% cryoprotectant formulation, VS55, previously studied using rabbit articular cartilage, was evaluated using porcine articular cartilage. Specimens ranging from 2 to 6 mm in thickness were obtained from 6mm ...
Zeni J A JA Jr Department of Physical Therapy, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA. - - 2010
While joint arthroplasty improves the functional ability of persons with severe knee osteoarthritis (OA), the long-term effects of surgical intervention on body mass have not been evaluated. The objective of this study was to determine if a reduction in body mass index (BMI) was present following unilateral total knee arthroplasty ...
Karahan Mustafa - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the proprioception of the partial meniscectomized knee and to assess if there is an effect on the knee proprioception. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a case-control study involving patients with meniscus tear at the posterior horn of medial meniscus. Group 1 ...
Boonstra Miranda C MC Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, the - - 2010
Functional recovery of patients after a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) usually is measured with questionnaires. However, these self-report measures assess the patient's perspective on his or her ability to perform a task. Performance-based tests are needed to assess the patient's actual ability to perform a task. The main purpose of ...
Zeifang Felix - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) is frequently used to treat symptomatic defects of the articular cartilage. PURPOSE: To test whether matrix-associated autologous chondrocyte implantation or the original periosteal flap technique provides superior outcomes in terms of clinical efficacy and safety. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: ...
Malviya Ajay - - 2010
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a disabling and destructive condition that commonly affects the knee during childhood. Our study aimed to look at the outcome of knee replacement in this uncommon group, set a benchmark for survival and determine predictors of functional results. Patients were identified from a regional specialist ...
Zeni Joseph A JA - - 2010
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been shown to be an effective surgical intervention for people with end-stage knee osteoarthritis. However, recovery of function is variable, and not all people have successful outcomes. The aim of this study was to discern which early postoperative functional measures could predict functional ability at ...
Oduwole K O - - 2010
Unicondylar knee arthroplasty (UKA) is argued to be a conservative procedure which permits a later total knee arthroplasty (TKA) should it be required. The aims of the study were to assess the modes of early failure of UKA and see whether the conversion to TKA improved the functional scores, range ...
Bauer T - - 2010
The range of motion of the knee joint after Total Knee Replacement (TKR) is a factor of great importance that determines the postoperative function of patients. Much enthusiasm has been recently directed towards the posterior condylar offset with some authors reporting increasing postoperative knee flexion with increasing posterior condylar offset ...
Turajane Thana - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Treatment with repeated cycles of Intra-Articular Sodium Hyaluronate (IA-HA), from previous study, can improve symptoms and delay surgical interventions in knee osteoarthritis patients who failed conservative treatment within minimum 2-years follow-up. This is a continued study to follow-up responded patients in the mentioned study whether continuing treatment with IA-HA ...
Starks I - - 2009
We present a prospective review of the two-year functional outcome of 37 Avon patellofemoral joint replacements carried out in 29 patients with a mean age of 66 years (30 to 82) between October 2002 and March 2007. No patients were lost to follow-up. This is the first independent assessment of ...
Ghomrawi Hassan M K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Despite the increase in the number of total knee arthroplasty revisions, outcomes of such surgery and their correlates are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to characterize patterns of functional improvement after revision total knee arthroplasty over a two-year period and to investigate factors that affect such ...
Muangsiri Samart - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical outcome of minisubvastus approach, a true quadriceps-sparing approach for minimally invasive knee arthroplasty. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Between January 2005 and January 2008, 398 knees were included in this study. We evaluated the results of primary total knee arthroplasties performed with minisubvastus approach in patients at ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >