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Li Jun J Department of Thoracic Surgical Oncology, Xinxiang Central Hospital, Xinxiang, Henan 453000, P.R. - - 2014
The aim of this study was to explore the T helper 1 (Th1)/Th2 cytokine shift and its clinical significance in the peripheral blood and tumor tissues of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. In total, 124 NSCLC patients who were admitted to Xinxiang Central Hospital were selected, along with 124 ...
Fischer Stefan S Behavioural Ecology, Institute of Ecology and Evolution, University of Bern, Wohlenstrasse 50a, 3032 Hinterkappelen, Switzerland - - 2014
In cooperative breeding systems, dominant breeders sometimes tolerate unrelated individuals even if they inflict costs on the dominants. According to the 'pay-to-stay' hypothesis, (i) subordinates can outweigh these costs by providing help and (ii) dominants should be able to enforce help by punishing subordinates that provide insufficient help. This requires ...
Cox J Bridger JB Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Florida, Gainesville, - - 2014
Object Venous thromboembolism (VTE) represents a significant complication after spine surgery, with reported rates as high as 2%-4%. Published institutional practices for VTE prophylaxis are highly variable. In 2008, the authors implemented a departmental protocol for early VTE prophylaxis consisting of combined compressive devices and subcutaneous heparin initiated either preoperatively ...
Hvidhjelm Jacob J Mental Health Center Sct. Hans, Forensic Psychiatry Department, Boserupvej, Roskilde, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the underreporting of violence and aggression on the Staff Observation Aggression Scale-Revised (SOAS-R) when compared to a simpler assessment: the Aggression Observation Short Form (AOS). During a period of one year, two open and two closed wards gathered data on both the ...
Kotil Kadir K T.C. ─░STANBUL Arel University, Department of Neurologic Sciences, Türkoba Mahallesi Erguvan Sokak No: 26/K, Tepekent, 34537 Büyükçekmece, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
It remains unknown whether aggressive microdiscectomy (AD) provides a better outcome than simple sequestrectomy (S) with little disc disruption for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation with radiculopathy. We compared the long term results for patients with lumbar disc herniation who underwent either AD or S. The patients were split ...
Wallace Carol A CA From the Seattle Children's Hospital and Research Institute, Seattle, Washington; Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati; Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA; Department of Pediatrics, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel; Riley Hospital for Children, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indianapolis; Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego, California; Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina; Children's Hospital of Boston; Department of Pediatrics, Floating Hospital for Children, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts; Department of Pediatrics, Texas Scottish Rite Hospital, Dallas, Texas; Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine, New York, New York; Ohio State University and Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio; Children's Hospital at Montefiore, New York, New York; Joseph M. Sanzari Children's Hospital at Hackensack University Medical Center, Hackensack, New Jersey, - - 2014
To determine the elapsed time while receiving aggressive therapy to the first observation of clinically inactive disease (CID), total duration of CID and potential predictors of this response in a cohort of children with recent onset of polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (poly-JIA). Eighty-five children were randomized blindly to methotrexate (MTX), ...
Goel Ruchika R From the Department of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, - - 2014
To study the clinical profile and outcome of Asian Indian children with childhood-onset Takayasu arteritis (c-TA). Records were studied of patients with c-TA onset prior to age 16. Disease Extent Index-Takayasu (DEI.TAK), Indian Takayasu Arteritis Score 2010, and Takayasu Arteritis Damage Score (TADS) were calculated retrospectively from electronic records. Cumulative ...
Randazzo Marco M Department of Urology, Cantonal Hospital Aarau, Aarau, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
In daily routine business, various prostate-specific antigen (PSA) retest strategies are being promoted. To investigate rescreening intervals according to baseline PSA <3 ng/ml stratified by any and aggressive prostate cancer (PCa). From 1998 to 2012, data from 4350 men aged 55-70 yr were analyzed from a population-based prospective screening study ...
Barbosa Debora D 1 Comprehensive Transplant Center, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA. 2 Biostatistics Core, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA. 3 HLA Laboratory, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA. 4 Transplant Immunology Laboratory, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA. 5 Address correspondence to: Joseph Kahwaji, M.D., 8635 W. Third Street, Suite 590W Los Angeles, CA - - 2014
Desensitization with intravenous immune globulin (IVIG) and rituximab improves transplantation rates. It is unclear if desensitization increases the risk of polyomavirus BK (BKV) viremia. Here, BKV viremia in HLA-sensitized patients after desensitization with IVIG and rituximab was analyzed. Baseline characteristics and outcomes were compared in the desensitized group (N=187) and ...
Kwo Paul Y PY Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Indiana University Health, Indianapolis, - - 2014
Aggressive recurrence of hepatitis C remains problematic post OLT. There are limited data on treatment of HCV infection with telaprevir/boceprevir therapy with peginterferon/ribavirin (PR) post OLT. AIM To review our experience with telaprevir addition to peginterferon/ribavirin in treatment of aggressive hepatitis C in null responders to PR post OLT. Methods: ...
Aitken Emma L EL Department of Renal Surgery, Western Infirmary, Glasgow - - - 2014
<sec id="st1"><title>ABSTRACT</title> <bold><italic>Purpose:</italic></bold> To evaluate reasons for tunneled central venous catheter (TCVC) usage in our prevalent hemodialysis population and assess the impact of a surgically aggressive approach to definitive access creation. <bold><italic>Methods:</italic></bold> Clinical review of all patients in the West of Scotland dialyzing via a TCVC in November 2010 was ...
Ross David - - 2014
Physical rehabilitation following arthroscopic rotator cuff repair has conventionally involved a 4- to 6-week period of immobilization; there are two schools of thought regarding activity level during this period. Some authors encourage early, more aggressive rehabilitation along with the use of a continuous passive motion device; others propose later, more ...
Mohammadi Rasoul R Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, Faculty of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Mucormycosis is an invasive fungal infection caused by filamentous fungi of the Mucoraceae family. The genera most commonly responsible are Mucor or Rhizopus. The disease occurs mostly in association with diabetic ketoacidosis. Mucormycosis has an extremely high death rate even when aggressive surgery is done. Death rates range from 25-85% ...
Miao Zhongrong Z Beijing Tiantan Stroke Center, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University , Beijing , - - 2014
Intracranial atherosclerotic disease (ICAD) accounts for 33-50% of all ischemic strokes in the Asian population (1) and represents an important public health issue in China. The results of the SAMMPRIS trial alarmed most experienced interventionalists in China for two reasons. Firstly, the high complication rate in the stenting arm (20% ...
Bailez Maria Marcela MM J. P. Garrahan Children's Hospital , Buenos Aires , - - 2014
To evaluate postoperative urinary continence in patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) with intermediate (IT) and high urogenital sinus (UGS) who underwent a UGS mobilization maneuver. We called IT to those that although needing an aggressive dissection to get to the vagina, still have enough urethra proximal to the vaginal ...
Erturk Mehmet M Departments of aCardiology bBiochemistry, Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital cDepartment of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Acibadem University, Istanbul, - - 2013
The objective of this study is to determine the effect of intravenous (i.v.) or oral N-acetylcysteine (NAC) in preventing contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients with moderate-to-severe renal insufficiency undergoing intra-arterial interventions. We studied 307 patients with estimated glomerular filtration rate of less than 60 ml/min/1.73 m undergoing an elective intra-arterial ...
Sun Yuan Y Department of Vascular Surgery, Clinical Medical School of Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, - - 2013
ObjectivesTo present our experience regarding endovascular stent placement for the treatment of spontaneous isolated superior mesenteric artery dissection (SISMAD) and to evaluate the safety and feasibility of the endovascular therapy.MethodsThe clinical data from six patients with SISMAD who underwent endovascular stent placement in two institutions from March 2010 to May ...
Dabus Guilherme G Division of NeuroInterventional Surgery, Baptist Cardiac & Vascular Institute and Baptist Neuroscience Center, Miami, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
We report our results of our experience using transarterial balloon-assisted embolization of aggressive DAVFs using a dual lumen balloon microcatheter. The advantages and disadvantages of this technique when compared to different Onyx embolization techniques are discussed. All patients with aggressive DAVFs who were treated with Onyx using transarterial balloon-assisted technique ...
Shrestha Umid Kumar - - 2013
Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is a common clinical condition associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to determine the etiology of UGIB and predict the adverse outcome of variceal and non-variceal UGIB by using the parameters of validated scores. This is a prospective observational study ...
Neuberg Steven L - - 2013
How might religion shape intergroup conflict? We tested whether religious infusion-the extent to which religious rituals and discourse permeate the everyday activities of groups and their members-moderated the effects of two factors known to increase intergroup conflict: competition for limited resources and incompatibility of values held by potentially conflicting groups. ...
Barbosa Debora - - 2013
Desensitization with intravenous immune globulin (IVIG) and rituximab improves transplantation rates. It is unclear if desensitization increases the risk of polyomavirus BK (BKV) viremia. Here, BKV viremia in HLA-sensitized patients after desensitization with IVIG and rituximab was analyzed. Baseline characteristics and outcomes were compared in the desensitized group (N=187) and ...
Van Praet Charles C Department of Urology, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2013
The objectives of this study were to assess the agreement of GS on biopsy compared with RP specimens and to assess whether an increased number of biopsy cylinders and the 2005 International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) GS modification improved this agreement. Pathological data of biopsy and RP specimens were analyzed ...
Derdeyn Colin P CP Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology and the Departments of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Early results of the Stenting and Aggressive Medical Management for Preventing Recurrent stroke in Intracranial Stenosis trial showed that, by 30 days, 33 (14·7%) of 224 patients in the stenting group and 13 (5·8%) of 227 patients in the medical group had died or had a stroke (percentages are product ...
Xiao Houan - - 2013
In the conventional method of microskin autografting, aggressive early excision is adopted, followed by coverage with a microskin-allograft complex to close extensive burn wounds. However, early excision is always associated with a defect of viable tissue, resulting in massive blood loss and causing high risk to aged patients or those ...
Kim Sung-Jae - - 2013
Few studies of large-to-massive contracted rotator cuff tears have examined the arthroscopic complete repair obtained by a posterior interval slide and whether the clinical outcomes or structural integrity achieved are better than those after partial repair without the posterior interval slide. The study included forty-one patients with large-to-massive contracted rotator ...
Kesey Jennifer - - 2013
Optimal nutrition is essential to the recovery of burned patients. The authors evaluated the efficacy of an aggressive nutrition delivery protocol. The following protocol was implemented: initiation of tube feeds within 4 hours, acceleration to goal rate within 8 hours, and tolerance of gastric residual volumes of 400 ml. Patients ...
Buxbaum James J Division of Gastroenterology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, - - 2014
Pancreatitis is the most common serious complication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). We performed a pilot study to determine whether aggressive periprocedural hydration with lactated Ringer's solution reduces the incidence of pancreatitis after ERCP. Patients who underwent first-time ERCP were randomly assigned to groups (2:1) that received aggressive hydration with ...
Carneiro José Thiers - - 2013
This study evaluated the results of curettage followed by cryosurgery using a combination of propane, butane, and isobutane gas for several benign but locally aggressive bone tumours on the mandible. Twenty-nine patients (16 men and 13 women) participated in the study. Patient ages ranged from 6 to 87 years (mean, ...
Murashita Takashi - - 2013
Background: The issue of whether functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR) should be repaired at the time of mitral valve surgery is controversial, and the long-term durability of tricuspid valve (TV) annuloplasty remains unknown. Methods and Results: We retrospectively reviewed 654 patients who underwent mitral valve repair for degenerative mitral regurgitation between 1991 and ...
Liu Xun-Wei - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of vertebroplasty in symptomatic vertebral haemangiomas (VHs) with no neurological deficit, with or without features of aggressiveness in imaging studies. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted to review 31 consecutive patients with symptomatic VHs that underwent vertebroplasty procedures (13 males, 18 females; mean age, 57.5 years), ...
Nagy-Baló Edina - - 2013
BACKGROUND: -Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) has increasingly been used to cure atrial fibrillation, but concerns have recently been raised that subclinical brain damage may occur due to microembolization during these procedures. We compared the occurrence of bubble formation seen on intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) and the microembolic signals (MESs) detected by ...
Christensen Jesse C - - 2013
Study Design: Prospective randomized clinical trial. Methods and Measures: Thirty-six patients who had a primary ACL-R with a STG autograft from a single orthopedic surgeon were prospectively randomized into two groups. Nineteen patients were randomized to the aggressive group (53% male, mean age 30.1 years + 10.5) and 17 to ...
Shin Hye Young - - 2013
A 40-year-old woman presented with ocular discomfort in both eyes that had persisted for several months. Six months ago, she had undergone a bilateral nasal and temporal conjunctivectomy using a bare scleral technique followed by a postoperative application of 0.02% mitomycin C (MMC) to treat her chronic hyperemic conjunctiva for ...
Shah Mishal Piyush MP Department of Periodontology, Narsinhbhai Patel Dental College and Hospital , Visnagar, Gujarat, India - - 2013
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of a probiotic (Inersan®) alone, a combination of the probiotic with doxycycline and doxycycline alone on aggressive periodontitis patients. Thirty patients who satisfied the inclusion and exclusion criteria, were assigned to one of the above mentioned three groups by ...
Chu Mwa - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Ascending and aortic arch surgery is associated with higher levels of blood loss and subsequent need for allogeneic blood transfusions. We hypothesized that aggressive, comprehensive blood conservation strategies may limit the need for transfusions and, subsequently, improve postoperative outcomes. METHODS: Over a five-year period, 189 patients underwent proximal aortic ...
López-Andújar Rafael - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: To compare the incidence and severity of biliary complications due to liver transplantation after choledochocholedochostomy with or without a T-tube in a single-center, prospective, randomized trial. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA:: The usefulness of the T-tube for end-to-end biliary anastomosis to reduce the incidence of biliary complications in patients undergoing liver ...
Ceccarelli Fulvia - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To provide a survey of disease activity in patients treated with standard care in Italian clinical practice. METHODS: This was an observational prospective cohort study in patients with early, aggressive rheumatoid arthritis (RA; duration ≤2 years but ≥6 weeks; DAS28 >3.2) naïve to anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF) therapy who ...
Wilson Matthew Z - - 2013
AIM: Previous reports describing Clostridium difficile colitis (CDC) developing after the closure of a loop ileostomy suggests it is severe. In this study the incidence of CDC following ileostomy closure and its effect on the postoperative outcome have been studied. METHOD: Patients undergoing closure of loop ileostomy from 2004-2008 were ...
Chen Y - - 2013
Cyclic neutropenia (CN) is a rare congenital disease that can present with recurrent oral ulcers and periodontitis. CN can easily be misdiagnosed as major recurrent aphthous stomatitis (MaRAS) or aggressive periodontitis (AP) in dental clinics. We describe the case of an 8-year-old boy with CN, and compare the oral manifestations ...
Iradukunda Diphile - - 2013
Age is becoming less of a consideration to aggressive medical and surgical interventions. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether patients older than 80 years showed similar gains from total parenteral nutrition (TPN) in terms of nutritional and inflammatory markers compared to patients 35 to 50 years old. ...
Shivaprasad B M BM Department of Periodontics, Government Dental College, Hospital and Research Institute, Bangalore, - - 2013
Recently discovered interleukin 29 (IL-29) has antiviral properties and its production is induced by herpes viruses. This study was aimed at analyzing the effect of non-surgical periodontal treatment on IL-29 levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of chronic and aggressive periodontitis patients. A total of 60 participants were divided into ...
Babu Lokesh - - 2012
The purpose of this three-year, prospective, follow-up study was to evaluate whether aggressive gap arthroplasty is essential in the management of ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Fifteen patients were treated by the creation of a minimal gap of 5-8mm and insertion of an interpositional gap arthroplasty using the temporalis ...
Kiesz R Stefan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In United States alone there are over 12 million people with peripheral artery disease (PAD). Long term outcomes of plaque excision in high risk population (diabetics and dialysis patients) are scarce. METHODS: Since November 2003 we treated 225 consecutive patients (138 male, mean age 66.3 ± 12.4, range 29-93) ...
Zhu Weimin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of the three rehabilitation procedures following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) autograft reconstruction with hamstring tendons. DESIGN: An observational and retrospective case-controlled series. SETTING: The Department of Sports Medicine, Shenzhen Second People Hospital, Shenzhen, PR China. PATIENTS OR PARTICIPANTS: Forty-five patients who were made to undergo ...
Chen Lan-Hui - - 2012
Aims and objectives.  The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of continuous passive motion on the range of motion, postoperative pain and life quality of patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty within six months after the operation. Background.  Total knee arthroplasty reduces pain and improves range of motion ...
Fiorella David D Department of Neurosurgery, State University of New York, Health Sciences Center, T-12 080, Stony Brook, NY 11794-8122, USA. - - 2012
Enrollment in the Stenting and Aggressive Medical Management for Preventing Recurrent stroke in Intracranial Stenosis (SAMMPRIS) trial was halted due to the high risk of stroke or death within 30 days of enrollment in the percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting arm relative to the medical arm. This analysis focuses on ...
Derdeyn Colin P - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between physician and site experience and the risk of 30 day hemorrhagic and ischemic strokes in the stenting arm of the Stenting and Aggressive Medical Management for the Prevention of Recurrent Ischemic Stroke (SAMMPRIS) trial. METHODS: Study records and an investigator survey were ...
Moore Eric J - - 2012
We conducted a study to evaluate functional and cosmetic outcomes following reconstruction of the mandibular condyle with direct placement of a vascularized free fibula. We retrospectively reviewed the cases of all patients who had undergone hemimandibulectomy and condyle resection with immediate reconstruction at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., between ...
Gündüz Kamer - - 2012
The classic Kaposi sarcoma is most common in the Mediterranean population over 50 years of age and presents with reddish-brown papules and nodules particularly on the lower limbs. Treatment depends on the clinical presentation and extension of lesions. Imiquimod is as an immune response modifier with antiangiogenic activity. We present ...
Kok Kenneth - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: : Sclerotherapy has become first line treatment for most venous malformations and some lymphatic malformations. We aimed to measure our sclerotherapy treatment success using 3% sodium tetradecyl sulphate (STD) and describe our experience. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective five year review (Jan 04-09) of children with vascular malformations ...
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