Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1216
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Ito Yohei - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Aggressive early rehabilitation is recommended after reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) using a patellar tendon-bone graft. However, rehabilitation after reconstruction of ACL using the multistranded hamstring is controversial. In this study, we compared the clinical results of 3-day immobilization after reconstruction of ACL using the multistranded hamstring, ...
Ferretti Andrea - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The outcome of revision anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction has only rarely been reported. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of revision anterior cruciate ligament surgery with use of an autogenous doubled semitendinosus and gracilis graft in association with an extra-articular procedure. METHODS: Between 1997 and ...
Shimizu K - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to clarify the change in the cross-sectional area (CSA) of a patellar tendon graft after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, and its relationship with postoperative knee laxity. Forty patients (25 men and 15 women) were included in this study. Intraoperative CSA measurements were performed ...
Gifstad Tone - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Absorbable meniscus arrows have, since they were introduced in 1993, become a common all-inside technique in meniscal repair. Potential advantages are conserving the meniscus, simplifying the surgical technique, reducing operating time, and reducing the risk of neurovascular damage. Despite extensive use all over the world, few long-term follow-up studies ...
Hollinghurst D - - 2006
The mechanisms of failure for unicompartmental arthroplasty are poorly understood. There is some suggestion that long term ligament degeneration, particularly of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), may affect long term survivorship. This study evaluated whether the cruciate mechanism remained functional in the long term (10 years) following UKA. Two separate ...
Laxdal Gauti - - 2007
The aim of the study was to compare the results after arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using central-third, bone-patellar tendon-bone (BPTB Group) (n = 45) and four-strand semitendinosus/gracilis (ST/G Group) (n = 78) autografts in male patients. The type of study is non-randomised, prospective consecutive series. A consecutive series ...
Isberg Jonas - - 2006
If permission of full active and passive extension immediately after an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction will increase the post-operative laxity of the knee has been a subject of discussion. We investigated whether a post-operative rehabilitation protocol including active and passive extension without any restrictions in extension immediately after an ...
Behrend H - - 2006
Correct placement of the femoral and tibial bone tunnels is decisive for a successful anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Our method of tunnel placement was evaluated as part of quality control at a teaching hospital. The emphasis was placed mainly on investigating the influence of surgical experience on tunnel placement, ...
Kocher Mininder S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The management of anterior cruciate ligament injuries in skeletally immature patients is controversial. Conventional adult reconstruction techniques risk potential iatrogenic growth disturbance due to physeal damage. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of a physeal sparing, combined intra-articular and extra-articular reconstruction technique in prepubescent skeletally ...
Barber F Alan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The RapidLoc is an all-inside, self-adjusting, flexible meniscal repair device that combines a suture with an anchor component and, by using a reinforced sliding knot, allows for tightening to compress and hold the repaired meniscal segments. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical success of the ...
Tecklenburg Katja - - 2006
PURPOSE: Bioabsorbable interference screws have proved to be biologically safe and to provide adequate graft fixation. Metallic interference screws have therefore been continuously replaced over the years. However, degradation times are highly variable, and bony replacement of the screw does not always occur in human beings. Composite interference screws have ...
Arbes Stephanie - - 2007
Tears of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in the skeletally immature patient are becoming more prevalent. The aim of this study was to describe the functional outcome and to evaluate the best management of total tears of the ACL in skeletally immature patient. Twenty consecutive, skeletally immature patients with a ...
Yüksel Halil Yalçin - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to evaluate arthroscopically the type, localization and prevalence of the meniscal and chondral lesions accompanying complete rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in patients who elected not to restrict their daily activities after the initial trauma. The size of the chondral lesions was ...
Sajovic Matjaz - - 2006
BACKGROUND: There are still controversies about graft selection for primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Prospective randomized long-term studies are needed to determine the differences between the materials. HYPOTHESIS: Five years after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, there is a difference between hamstring and patellar tendon grafts in development of degenerative knee ...
Handelsman M - - 2006
The goal of an implant supported reconstruction is to obtain optimal aesthetics and function. In order to achieve this, visualisation of the final restorative reconstruction is necessary prior to beginning treatment. The term 'restorative-driven' treatment planning has been used to identify this process. It requires a team approach of specialists, ...
Burger Christof - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Incidence of meniscus injury has increased in today's active society. Arthroscopical refixation yields better results than partial meniscectomy. The best healing rates are achieved by sutures. As non-degradable sutures are permanent foreign bodies, slow absorbable materials are needed. A slow degradable suture with high concentration of polylactide acid, the ...
Karim A - - 2006
We sought to determine whether smoking affected the outcome of reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament. We analysed the results of 66 smokers (group 1 with a mean follow-up of 5.67 years (1.1 to 12.7)) and 238 non-smokers (group 2 with a mean follow-up of 6.61 years (1.2 to 11.5)), ...
Malata Charles M - - 2006
Lateral skull base defects following tumor ablation are ideally reconstructed with microvascular free tissue transfer. Although the rectus abdominis free flap is the workhorse in skull base reconstruction, it has a number of drawbacks. Anecdotal reports have indicated that fasciocutaneous free flaps may be useful alternatives in selected cases. Patients ...
Asai Shintaro - - 2006
Romberg disease is a progressive hemifacial atrophy of unknown etiology. Several methods have been described for its reconstruction. Microsurgical reconstruction, focusing on the correction of facial asymmetry and restoration of contour, has become the standard. We have succeeded a reconstructive technique for Romberg disease using by omental flap. All patients ...
McCormack Robert G - - 2006
PURPOSE: A significant proportion of surgeons use intra-articular drains after arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. The usual reason given to justify the use of a drain is to minimize patient pain and stiffness of the knee joint. The purpose of this study was to assess the validity of this ...
Hantes Michael E - - 2006
The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate and compare the results of arthroscopic meniscal repair using three different techniques. Between January 2002 and March 2004, 57 patients who met the inclusion criteria underwent an arthroscopic meniscal repair. The outside-in technique was used in 17 patients (group A), the ...
Koukoulias Nikolaos - - 2007
The short-term clinical results of meniscus repair with the meniscus arrow were promising. Unfavorable outcomes were reported in two studies, with longer follow-up, raising concerns about the efficacy of this device. We retrospectively reviewed 62 patients (mean age 23.7 years; range 14-37 years) that underwent all-inside meniscus repair, using the ...
Yamaguchi Satoshi - - 2006
Many studies have reported successful outcomes less than 10 years after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. However, longer-term outcomes have not been analyzed. We assessd outcomes 24 years after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with iliotibial tract and compared them with shorter-term results in the same patients. Between 1979 and 1981, ...
Pauli Steven A M - - 2006
A free jejunal autograft reconstruction after debulking high stage larynx and hypopharynx tumors has become a popular method in our 10-year experience. We retrospectively studied the efficacy and outcome. Nine patients (M/F, 8/1) underwent a total of 10 free jejunal autograft reconstructions. The median age was 58.6 years (range, 48-78 ...
Petrou G - - 2006
We carried out a prospective study of 71 patients who had undergone reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament with the ABC scaffold. Their mean age was 28 years (18 to 50). All had either sub-acute or chronic traumatic deficiency of the ligament. The mean period of follow-up was five years ...
Sekiya Jon K - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to determine the clinical outcomes following isolated lateral meniscal allograft transplantation. METHODS: Thirty-two patients were retrospectively reviewed following isolated lateral meniscal allograft transplantation. Twenty-five were available for subjective follow-up, and 17 were available for a complete physical examination and postoperative radiographs. The average ...
Klug Clemens - - 2006
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to investigate the effect of prior radiotherapy (XRT) on the outcome of microvascular free tissue transfer in the head and neck region. METHODS: Four hundred fifty-five patients, subdivided into three groups, were analyzed. Groups I (no previous XRT, n=110), II (previous ...
Buda Roberto - - 2006
Most of the techniques described in the literature for the repair of chronic partial ACL tears, don't spare the intact portion of the ligament. The aim of this study was to perform a prospective analysis of the results of augmentation surgery using gracilis and semitendinosus tendons to treat partial sub-acute ...
Stein Drew A - - 2006
To determine the age limitations for indicating ACL reconstructions in patients with functional instability, this article reviews the results of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions in 23 patients with an average age of 54 years (range: 49-64 years). Patients were evaluated with the Lysholm and Gillquist knee questionairre, visual analog ...
Gugel Mark R - - 2006
Increasing instability of the knee developed in a 27-year-old man who had torn his anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) approximately 10 years prior to surgical intervention. After initial conservative treatment, including use of a functional brace for activity, the patient opted for surgical reconstruction with a patellar tendon graft. One of ...
Schwartz Herbert E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: High levels of gamma irradiation are required to eliminate the risk of bacterial and viral transmission during implantation of musculoskeletal allografts. The effects of high levels of gamma irradiation on anterior cruciate ligament allograft biomechanics are still not known. HYPOTHESIS: High-dose gamma irradiation (4 Mrad) adversely affects anterior cruciate ...
Laxdal Gauti - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The use of biodegradable screws in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction has grown in popularity. PURPOSE: To compare the clinical and radiographic results in arthroscopically assisted anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using 4-strand hamstring tendon grafts and either metallic (metal group) or biodegradable (PLLA group) interference screw fixation. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized ...
Iorio Raffaele - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate prospectively the increase in the size of the tibial and femoral bone tunnel following arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with quadrupled-hamstring autograft. METHODS: Twenty-five consecutive patients underwent arthroscopic ACL reconstruction with quadrupled-hamstring autograft. Preoperative clinical evaluation was performed using the Lysholm knee score, Tegner activity level, ...
Isberg Jonas - - 2006
The KT-1000 and similar non-invasive arthrometers are used as a complement to clinical examination in the diagnosis of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture and during the follow-up after surgery. We compared the two methods, KT-1000 and Radiostereometric analysis (RSA), when used to measure anterior-posterior knee laxity (A-P laxity) in patients ...
Jenner J M G T - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical results of arthroscopic single bundle posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction in patients with chronic PCL instability not responding to conservative treatment. 18 patients were available for follow-up with an average elapsed time of 3 years between onset of injury and ...
Tzurbakis Matheus - - 2006
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the mid-term results of surgical treatment in different groups of patients with multiple knee ligament injuries. Review of our patients' records revealed that 48 acute and chronic patients were surgically treated for combined knee injury. Due to severe capsular damage in these ...
Barber F Alan - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the midterm healing rate and any adverse events from meniscus repair using the BioStinger meniscus repair device (Linvatec, Largo, FL). METHODS: A retrospective review of a consecutive series of meniscal repairs performed by a single surgeon using the BioStinger was conducted. ...
Kerawala C J - - 2006
Fifty patients undergoing radial forearm free flap reconstruction of head and neck defects were examined to find out the extent of sensory defect at the donor site. Flaps (mean length 6 cm, range 4-9) and mean width 4.7 cm (range 3.5-7) were raised. Of the 50 patients 38 (76%) were ...
Judd Daniel - - 2006
PURPOSE: Infection after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is a serious but uncommon complication. Optimal management has not been established. The purpose of our case series was to review our experience and published reports to identify risk factors, evaluate physical and laboratory findings, compare different treatments, and assess clinical outcomes. ...
Nitkunan Tharani - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Following failed primary reconstruction, various single-stage reconstructive techniques have been proposed for secondary hypospadias repair. Unfortunately, these frequently fail to achieve a satisfactory cosmetic and functional outcome. We review a single surgeon's experience of two-staged reconstruction in this scenario. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Of 104 patients with hypospadias treated in ...
Ali M Salman - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: We report results of the anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using a four-strand hamstring graft without detachment of the tibial insertion of the tendons. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 74 patients the hamstring graft was fixed using an endobutton on the femoral side and a barbed staple on the tibial side. ...
Lin Wei-Ching - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Treatment of acute complete acromioclavicular (AC) dislocation is still controversial. Both non-surgical and surgical methods have been reported with similar results. In addition, once surgical treatment is chosen, a satisfactory surgical technique has not been developed yet. METHODS: Sixty consecutive patients who sustained 60 acute complete AC dislocations were ...
Zerahn Bo - - 2006
PURPOSE: To monitor changes in bone mineral density (BMD) of the proximal tibia and the calcaneus in patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture before and after arthroscopic reconstruction of the ligament, related to clinical data. TYPE OF STUDY: A 2-year prospective cohort study with assessment of patient evaluation of ...
Yasuda Kazunori - - 2006
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcome of anatomic double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with that of nonanatomic single- and double-bundle reconstructions. TYPE OF STUDY: Prospective comparative cohort study. METHODS: Seventy-two patients with unilateral ACL-deficient knees were randomly divided into 3 groups. Concerning all background factors, there were no statistical ...
MacGillivray John D - - 2006
PURPOSE: Surgical treatment of isolated posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injuries is controversial. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the surgical outcomes of PCL reconstruction. Two techniques were compared, the traditional endoscopic and the more recent tibial inlay, to determine if the inlay technique yielded more stable reconstructions. ...
Tambe A D - - 2006
The aim of the study was to see if delay in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction affects post-reconstruction outcome in recreational athletes. Sixty-two recreational athletes who had arthroscopic ACL reconstructions using quadruple hamstring grafts between 1997 and 2000 were retrospectively evaluated. Patients with less than 2 years' follow-up, those with ...
Quinby J Scott - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A new generation of flexible all-inside meniscal repair devices is available, but clinical studies with these devices are lacking. HYPOTHESIS: The RapidLoc has an intermediate-term meniscal healing rate that is equivalent to literature reports of inside-out suture technique in patients undergoing concurrent anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. STUDY DESIGN: Case ...
Rose Tim - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to clinically evaluate hamstring tendon anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-reconstruction using femoral fixation with bioresorbable interference screws and with a bioresorbable transfixation device. HYPOTHESIS: The ACL-reconstruction using the transfixation device at the femoral side leads to less knee laxity and therefore to a better ...
Yoon Kyoung Ho - - 2006
PURPOSE: We describe an anatomic reconstructive surgical procedure that simultaneously reconstructs the fibular collateral ligament, popliteal tendon, and popliteofibular ligament using split Achilles allograft, and compare the clinical results of this technique with those of the posterolateral corner sling procedure for posterolateral instability of the knee. TYPE OF STUDY: Case ...
Garofalo Raffaele - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate the cause of recurrent pathologic instability after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery and the effectiveness of revision reconstruction using a quadriceps tendon autograft using a 2-incision technique. TYPE OF STUDY: Retrospective follow-up study. METHODS: Between 1999 and 2001, 31 patients underwent ACL revision reconstruction because of recurrent ...
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