Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1216
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Krishnan Kartik G - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To analyze retrospectively the outcomes of primary as well as secondary functional reconstructions in 49 patients with traumatic brachial plexus lesions from a single service. Guidelines for treatment might be extracted from this analysis. METHODS: Among 152 cases of traumatic lesion of the brachial plexus presented to our clinic, ...
Daikuya S - - 2008
To clarify the neuro-muscular function of a lower extremity after reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), we studied the alteration of H reflex and Silent period (SP) from the soleus muscle in a patient with ACL reconstruction. Subject was an eighteen year-old male and high school basketball player after a ...
Lee Dave Y H - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: It is difficult to counsel the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficient patient considering surgical reconstruction on the likelihood of eventual return to sports as information on this is lacking, especially in the Asian context. We wanted to determine how many of our patients who had ACL surgery returned to ...
Smith Derek B - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate the midterm results (beyond 2 years) of thermal shrinkage on both lax native anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and lax reconstructions and determine the effectiveness of this procedure. METHODS: This is a multicenter study in which 64 patients from 2 sites ...
Lee Dae-Hee - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate change in meniscal allograft extrusion during the first year after meniscus allograft transplantation (MAT) by use of serial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: Twenty-three consecutive patients who underwent MAT between June 2002 and March 2006 with total or subtotal meniscectomy of ...
Sarimo Janne - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Complete proximal hamstring avulsions can cause considerable morbidity and are often associated with significant functional loss. HYPOTHESIS: Early surgical treatment leads to better results than does surgery in the chronic phase. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: Forty-one patients (21 men and 20 women) with a ...
Krych Aaron J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Isolated meniscal tears in the skeletally immature patient are infrequent but well-recognized injuries. Although few studies have evaluated the pediatric and adolescent population, arthroscopic surgical repair remains the standard of care for patients in this age group with unstable meniscal tears. PURPOSE: To review our results of arthroscopic repair ...
Chidzonga Midion Mapfumo - - 2008
PURPOSE: This retrospective study describes the clinical features and management of noma (cancrum oris) in patients with HIV and AIDS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Records of 48 consecutive patients with noma (cancrum oris) seen between July 2002 and November 2006 were reviewed for age, gender, clinical features, and management. Other reports ...
Dopirak Ryan - - 2008
This study assessed medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction using a partial-thickness quadriceps tendon graft in 14 knees in 13 patients. Nine patients were available for follow-up after a minimum of 24 months. Final patient evaluation was performed an average of 42 months postoperatively (range, 28-65 months). Primary outcome measure was occurrence ...
Lim Gale J S - - 2008
PURPOSE: We describe a homodigital neurovascular island flap for reconstructing large pulp defects of the fingertips and review the short-term and long-term appearance and function of the reconstructed fingertips. METHODS: The spiral flap is a homodigital neurovascular island flap with a unique spiral advancement and transposition design that allows pulp ...
Ugutmen E - - 2008
We investigated patients undergoing arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using otogenous hamstring tendons with a cross-pin technique to compare a post-operative home-based rehabilitation programme with a clinic-based programme. ACL reconstruction was performed on 104 patients (103 male) by the same surgeon. The mean age of the patients was 31.5 ...
Gomes João Ellera - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to compare the technical difficulties and the results of the use of two different types of femoral graft fixation for medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction in patients with patellar luxation. METHODS: Twenty-four matched pair patients, assigned to two groups of 12 patients each, underwent ...
Zhao H-W - - 2008
The aim of this paper was to evaluate the complications of patients with benign parotid disease treated by modified parotidectomy through conserving the sub-superficial musculoaponeurotic system (sub-SMAS), great auricular nerve (GAN), and reconstruction by sternocleidomastoid flap (SF). Between 1997 and 2001, 226 patients with benign parotid disease were operated. Patients ...
Murakami Yoshiaki - - 2008
The aim of this study was to identify a preferable procedure reducing the incidence of delayed gastric emptying (DGE) after pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy (PPPD). Data on 132 consecutive patients with pancreatobiliary disease, who underwent PPPD, were collected retrospectively. A retrocolic Billroth I type reconstruction (B-I group) and an antecolic Roux-en Y ...
Mutaf Mehmet - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although several techniques have been described for total lower-lip reconstruction, it is still a major reconstructive challenge, which often requires lengthy and risky microsurgical procedures. PURPOSE: Here, we present a new local procedure, namely, bilateral musculocutaneous unequal-Z procedure for functional reconstruction of total lower-lip defects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In ...
Siebold Rainer - - 2008
PURPOSE: Biomechanical studies show increased anterior and rotational stability with double-bundle (DB) compared to single-bundle (SB) anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical results of four-tunnel DB ACL reconstruction. METHODS: Seventy patients undergoing arthroscopic hamstring ACL reconstruction were prospectively randomized to DB ...
Hart Radek - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective randomized study was to assess biomechanical, radiographic, and functional results after single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction by use of a navigation system. METHODS: ACL reconstruction was performed by use of the OrthoPilot navigation system (B. Braun-Aesculap, Tuttlingen, Germany) in 40 patients (group 1); ...
Ghazi Bahair H - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Use of the omentum for poststernotomy mediastinitis is typically viewed as a last resort. Formal debridement and muscle flap coverage is sufficient most of the time; however, there are situations when the omental flap is more appropriate. The purpose of this series is to critically evaluate the outcome in ...
Hsiao Hung-Tao - - 2008
The authors retrospectively compared the results of postoperative speech and swallowing in patients who had undergone hemiglossectomy for carcinoma of the anterior tongue. Immediate reconstruction in 16 patients was with a free radial forearm flap and in another 16 with an anterolateral thigh flap. Clinical speech pathology evaluation included the ...
Lee Byung-Ill - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the clinical results of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with the remnant-preserving technique by use of a hamstring graft and looped sutures according to the amount of the tibial remnant of the ACL. METHODS: Sixteen subjects had undergone ACL reconstruction with ...
Bottoni Craig R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is a common belief that surgical reconstruction of an acutely torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) should be delayed for at least 3 weeks because of the increased incidence of postoperative motion loss (arthrofibrosis) and suboptimal clinical results. HYPOTHESIS: There is no difference in postoperative range of motion or ...
Zaffagnini S - - 2008
Several investigators have reported the presence of biomechanical, kinematic, anatomic, fiber orientation patterns and biological differences between the anteromedial bundle and the posterolateral bundle of ACL. The purpose of this prospective randomized study was to compare the clinical, instrumental and X-ray outcome of two ACL reconstruction techniques with hamstring tendons: ...
Gokce Alper - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate effects of bone impaction technique on tunnel enlargement after ACL reconstruction at a minimum 2 years follow-up. Two groups of patients who had been operated upon with the same arthroscopic technique with the exception of tibial tunnel constitution were compared. Twenty-one patients ...
Birmingham Trevor B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Despite a lack of evidence for their effectiveness, functional knee braces are commonly prescribed to patients after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. PURPOSE: This trial was conducted to compare postoperative outcomes in patients using an ACL functional knee brace and patients using a neoprene knee sleeve. HYPOTHESIS: Patients using ...
van der Hart Cor P - - 2008
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence of radiographic osteoarthritis in the operated knee in comparison with the contralateral knee ten years after a bone-tendon bone patellar autograft ACL-reconstruction and to evaluate to which level patients regain activity ten years after reconstruction. METHODS: Fifty-three patients ...
Voss K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess functional outcome in dogs with cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) disease after tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA) using force plate gait analysis, and to evaluate parameters potentially influencing outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Consecutive clinical patients (n = 37) with CrCL-deficient stifles (n = 40). METHODS: The ...
Płomiński Janusz - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The central third of the patella tendon is probably the most common ACL graft material because the bone tendon bone (BTB) construct provides robust graft incorporation and a mechanically sufficient substitute. Metal and bioabsorbable interference screws ensure good initial fixation strength of the bone plug. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A ...
Swirtun L R - - 2008
The aim of this study was to investigate whether gender, age, stable personality traits, associated meniscus and/or articular cartilage injuries, treatment (non-operative or reconstructive surgery), additional subsequent trauma to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-injured knee and activity level before injury affect the intermediate outcome after ACL injury. The primary outcome ...
Cunningham Bruce - - 2007
Two-year safety and efficacy data were presented to the Canadian Therapeutic Products Directorate Scientific Advisory Panel, in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. The 955 women enrolled in the 10-year, multicenter, Mentor MemoryGel study were distributed into four cohorts: 572 augmentation patients, 123 revision-augmentation patients, 191 reconstruction patients, and 69 revision-reconstruction patients. The ...
Choi Nam-Hong - - 2007
PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective study was to define the relation between the integrity of cross-pin femoral fixation and stability after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions. METHODS: Thirty-one consecutive ACL reconstructions were performed with hamstring tendons fixed with bioabsorbable cross-pin femoral fixation. All patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging at ...
Clark Jonathan R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Free flap reconstruction of head and neck cancer defects is complex with many factors that influence perioperative complications. The aim was to determine if there was an association between perioperative variables and postoperative outcome. METHODS: We evaluated 185 patients undergoing free flap reconstruction following ablation of head and neck ...
Law K Y - - 2007
PURPOSE: To review the functional and radiological results of patients after coracoclavicular ligament reconstruction. METHODS: Five patients aged 21 to 50 (mean, 37) years with acute Rockwood type-III acromioclavicular dislocation underwent coracoclavicular ligament reconstruction with autogenous gracilis tendon grafts. Patients were either active in sports or heavy manual workers. Assessments ...
Jepsen Claus Fink - - 2007
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a change in the femoral graft insertion site between the 1-o'clock (high) and 2-o'clock (low) positions could change the laxity, the score on the 2000 International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) Knee Examination Form, or the score on the 2000 subjective ...
Ibrahim Samir Abdul Razik - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate our method of surgical treatment of traumatic knee dislocation, by use of a standardized protocol, and to report our clinical results. METHODS: Thirty-six consecutive patients presented with a grossly dislocated or reduced knee. Ten of these patients were not included in ...
Nakata Ken - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term outcomes following arthroscopic-assisted anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using fresh-frozen allogeneic tendon. METHODS: Sixty-one athletically active patients (mean age at surgery, 20.9 years) who had arthroscopic-assisted ACL reconstruction using fresh-frozen free tendon allograft underwent physical examination, instrumented laxity measurement, radiographs, and thigh muscle strength at ...
Dines Joshua S - - 2008
PURPOSE: We sought to evaluate the functional and radiographic outcome of osteochondral lesions involving the femoral condyle that were arthroscopically repaired via a bioabsorbable fixation device made of self-reinforced poly-L-lactic acid. METHODS: A retrospective clinical and radiographic evaluation of 9 patients (8 male and 1 female) with a mean age ...
Barber F Alan - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mid-term results of the Elmslie-Trillat procedure for the treatment of patella instability. Patella instability can be addressed by proximal, distal, and combined approaches. The Elmslie-Trillat procedure is a combined bony distal realignment with medial soft tissue technique offering a more ...
Lehtola A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate long-term durability and clinical success of deep venous reconstruction for severe chronic venous insufficiency as a part of routine workload at a university vascular surgery department. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of clinical series. PATIENTS: Between 1996 and 2000, 43 patients underwent deep venous reconstruction, and 38 were ...
Fabricant Peter D - - 2007
Much research has been done to determine clinical and demographic variables associated with outcomes from arthroscopic partial meniscectomy for meniscal tears. We undertook a review of the literature to determine trends regarding outcomes from this procedure. Independent variables were analyzed for associations with outcome, and outcome measures and methods of ...
Chow Lop Keung - - 2007
PURPOSE: This retrospective study aimed to determine the usefulness of stereomodels in various maxillofacial surgical treatments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 45 stereomodels were evaluated in terms of usefulness from questionnaires completed by 4 groups of subjects: surgeons, postgraduate students, technicians, and patients. These models were categorized into 4 ...
Kondo Eiji - - 2007
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that both the anteromedial and posterolateral bundles may be clearly visible after anatomic double-bundle reconstruction, as well as that a strong relation may exist between the appearance of the 2 bundles and the clinical evaluation. METHODS: A prospective study ...
Kato Hiroyuki - - 2007
BACKGROUND: After esophagectomy a swallowing abnormality is the predominant symptom for esophageal cancer. The aims of this study were to examine (i) oropharyngeal swallowing by comparing pre- and postoperative period, and (ii) the relationship between oropharyngeal swallowing and the alimentary reconstruction route after esophagectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 27 ...
Kumar Deepak - - 2007
PURPOSE: We performed a retrospective cohort study with prospective data collection to assess clinical and functional outcomes of painful impingement of the infrapatellar fat pad (Hoffa's disease) treated with high-portal arthroscopic resection. METHODS: Hoffa's disease as an isolated lesion was confirmed by arthroscopy in 34 patients with recalcitrant anterior knee ...
Jadeja Harpal - - 2007
A composite carbon fibre polyester scaffold class ligament (ABC -- Active Biosynthetic Composite Ligament, Surgicraft Ltd., Redditch) has been used for primary reconstruction of the torn anterior cruciate ligament at Mayday University Hospital since 1985. A cohort of patients followed up until 1996 showed a high incidence of early failure ...
Battaglia Michael J MJ - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Revision anterior cruciate ligament surgery remains challenging. PURPOSE: To analyze the authors' experience with revision anterior cruciate ligament surgery and determine the association between stability and functional results. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: Between 1991 and 2002, 95 of 102 patients who underwent revision anterior ...
Hara Kenji - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus about whether isolated anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using multistrand hamstring tendon with nonoperative treatment for chronic medial collateral ligament injury is sufficient. PURPOSE: To assess clinical outcome for patients with chronic anterior cruciate ligament injury and accompanying grade II valgus laxity who received medial hamstring ...
Salvatori P - - 2007
To assess whether locking-screw titanium plates (UniLOCK) and pedicled pectoralis major myocutaneous flaps are a valid alternative to complex reconstruction with bony free flaps in poor prognosis or poor performance status oncological patients with mandibular defects, a retrospective evaluation has been made of outcomes in 27 consecutive cases. No patient ...
Barber F Alan - - 2007
Iliotibial band friction syndrome presents with lateral knee pain usually in runners. When conservative treatment fails, surgical lengthening, or Z-plasty, can provide symptomatic relief. This retrospective study evaluated the long-term results of iliotibial band Z-plasty for chronic iliotibial band friction syndrome in a consecutive series of patients. Inclusion criteria were ...
Papastergiou Stergios G - - 2007
Despite the fact that anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is a common procedure, no clear guideline regarding the timing of reconstruction has been established. We hypothesized that there is a point in post injury period, after which significant increase in meniscal tears occurs. The purpose of this study was to ...
Jimenez David F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A total of 100 patients who presented with synostosis of the metopic or coronal suture were consecutively treated during a 6-year period using minimally invasive endoscopic-assisted suturectomies. After surgery, all patients were fitted with custom-made cranial helmets for up to 12 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The coronal group consisted ...
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