Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1216
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Papandreou Maria G - - 2009
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury or reconstruction can cause knee impairments and disability. Knee impairments are related to quadriceps performance - accelerated reaction time (ART) - and disability to performance of daily living activities which is assessed by questionnaires such as the Lysholm knee score. The purposes of this study ...
Cunningham Bryan W - - 2009
Total disk arthroplasty (TDA) is a new procedure that replaces the intervertebral disk space with an artificial motion segment and necessitates the resection of the anterior longitudinal ligament (ALL). We assessed whether a collagen-based graft made from porcine small-intestine submucosa (SIS) can be used as a regenerative scaffold to restore ...
Ochi Mitsuo - - 2009
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the 2-year follow-up clinical results of 45 patients who had undergone our anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) augmentation procedure using an autogenous semitendinosus tendon and the EndoButton CL (Smith & Nephew, Andover, MA). METHODS: We followed up 45 patients for more than ...
Chmielewski Terese L - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVES: To measure fear of movement/reinjury levels and determine the association with function at different timeframes during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction rehabilitation. We hypothesized that fear of movement/reinjury would decrease during rehabilitation and be inversely related with function. BACKGROUND: Fear of movement/reinjury can prevent return to ...
Hirsch David L - - 2008
PURPOSE: Previous studies have suggested that radiation therapy does not impact local complication rates after microvascular free flap (MVFF) reconstruction for head and neck cancer. There is little data, however, indicating whether or not the presence of osteoradionecrosis (ORN) affects treatment outcome. The purpose of this retrospective cohort study is ...
Barker Tyler - - 2009
Muscle atrophy commonly follows anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and surgery. Proinflammatory cytokines can induce and exacerbate oxidative stress, potentiating muscle atrophy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of prior antioxidant (AO) supplementation on circulating cytokines following ACL surgery. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted ...
Taylor Dean C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Over 30 years ago, Feagin and Curl reported on the diagnosis and treatment of "isolated" injuries of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term results of the patients initially diagnosed with tears of the ACL, with special emphasis on those treated ...
Langford J L - - 2009
To determine whether the psychological characteristics of athletes who have undergone an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction change during rehabilitation are related to returning to competitive sport. Prospective longitudinal study. Method: 87 athletes completed the Emotional Response of Athletes to Injury Questionnaire (ERAIQ) and the ACL Return to Sport after ...
Tsuda Eiichi - - 2009
Patellar tendon autografts are not suitable for multibundle ACL reconstruction, a procedure that reportedly enhances postoperative knee stability. Biomechanical studies recommend lateral placement of the femoral tunnel for single-bundle reconstruction to improve postoperative knee kinematics. We asked whether a lateralized single-bundle patellar tendon graft (LSBP) would provide good short-term results ...
Chang Jen-Huei - - 2009
The aim of this study was to assess the biomechanical characteristics of six all-inside meniscal single suture repair techniques using a porcine model. Peripheral longitudinal tears were created in freshly isolated porcine menisci. Tears were repaired using the single vertical technique with six different repair complexes including those involving sutures ...
Rohde Christine - - 2009
The success of lower extremity microsurgical reconstructions may be compromised postoperatively secondary to several factors, including thrombosis, infection, bleeding, and edema. To address edema, surgeons may use protocols for gradually dangling and/or wrapping the affected extremity. Such protocols vary widely among surgeons and are typically based on training and/or prior ...
Calvisi V - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) insufficiency has not been assessed in comorbid-free patients to date. An observational study was therefore conducted on a practice-based sample to test the hypothesis that SF-36 scoring in patients with chronic ACL insufficiency differs from the age- and gender-matched ...
Sekiya Hitoshi - - 2009
For successful TKA, good soft tissue balance is one of the most important factors; however, it is unknown whether the coronal balance immediately after surgery is maintained with time. We hypothesized, if neutral mechanical alignment was achieved at the time of TKA, some degree of lateral ligamentous laxity could be ...
Koempel Jeffrey A - - 2008
In the early twentieth century, John Winslow wrote that there was no more difficulty in laryngology than treating chronic stenosis of the larynx and trachea. Winslow described cases as "excessively rebellious to treatment" and treatment requiring "patience, persistence, self-sacrifice and skill on the part of the surgeon" and "discomfort or ...
Jackson W F M - - 2008
We evaluated the long-term outcome of isolated endoscopically-assisted posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in 26 patients using hamstring tendon autografts after failure of conservative management. At ten years after surgery the mean International Knee Documentation Committee subjective knee score was 87 (SD 14) of a possible 100 points. Regular participation in ...
Järvelä Timo - - 2008
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare tunnel enlargement in patients with double-bundle and single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: Sixty patients were randomized by closed envelopes into 2 different groups of ACL reconstruction with hamstring tendons: double-bundle technique with bioabsorbable screw fixation (n = 35) and ...
Orrego Mario - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine if the use of platelet concentrate (PC) and bone plug (BP) does accelerate the healing process in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: One hundred and eight patients requiring ACL reconstruction were prospectively randomized into 4 groups: control (27 patients), PC ...
Hiemstra Laurie A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This study will attempt to evaluate the efficacy of knee immobilization on patient pain levels after an anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. HYPOTHESIS: There is no difference in visual analog scale pain scores 2 days after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction between patients who wear a knee immobilizer and those who ...
Steadman J Richard - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients with a history of knee trauma or previous surgery may exhibit pain in the infrapatellar region that is refractory to conservative care. This may be due to subtle scarring of the anterior interval. HYPOTHESIS: Arthroscopic release of a scarred anterior interval will lead to improvement in anterior knee ...
Haklar Ugur - - 2008
The purpose of this prospective study is to report the outcome of arthroscopic repair of radial lateral meniscus tears at the junction of the anterior horn and body. Five patients with an average age of 27 years were treated. The repair was performed with double horizontal sutures by inside-out technique, ...
Li Bin - - 2009
Our objective was to compare the results of reconstruction of isolated chronic posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injury using a four-strand hamstring graft (4SHG) and a LARS artificial ligament. Thirty-six patients were divided into a 4SHG group (n = 15) and a LARS group (n = 21). The minimum follow-up time ...
Kim Eun Young - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to document the relationship between a discoid lateral meniscus and a thickened Wrisberg ligament with a higher location on the medial femoral condyle.Between July 2002 and February 2006, 100 consecutive patients who had a complete lateral discoid meniscus and another 100 patients without a ...
Iorio R - - 2008
Tunnel enlargement is a frequent issue after ACL reconstruction and the "synovial bathing effect" is thought to be among the biological factors contributing to this phenomenon. Since the amount and the pressure of the synovial fluid inside the knee joint are higher and the length of its presence is longer ...
Kizhner Victor - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Since a known growth-of-cartilage framework is used for reconstruction of microtia under the Brent technique, we set out to address the behavior of the framework under the Nagata technique. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of costal cartilage auricular reconstruction procedures. PATIENTS: A total of 28 patients who underwent costal cartilage ...
Edgar Cory M - - 2008
Although allograft use for primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction has continued to increase during the last 10 years, concerns remain regarding the long-term function of allografts (primarily that they may stretch with time) and clinical efficacy compared with autograft tendons. We attempted to address these issues by prospectively comparing identical ...
Denti Matteo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Revision of an anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is a complicated and delicate clinical procedure whose results, theoretically, are less satisfactory than those of the first operation. HYPOTHESIS: The outcome of a revised anterior cruciate ligament surgery is comparable to primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, with a rate of success ...
Kostogiannis Ioannis - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The association of early knee joint laxity with the need for later reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament has not been extensively studied. HYPOTHESIS: The grade of knee laxity can be used as an early predictor of the need for later reconstruction. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study (prognosis); Level of ...
Hayashi Riku - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical results of simultaneous arthroscopically assisted reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) using autogenous tendon grafts in chronic knee injuries. Nineteen patients (17 men and 2 women) with chronic multi-ligamentous injuries underwent one-stage ACL and PCL ...
Adell Ragnar - - 2008
AIMS: To evaluate the possibility of providing every patient with dental rehabilitation after segmental resections and primary jaw reconstructions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-five consecutive patients, followed for more than 1 year, were retrospectively evaluated without any exclusions, using the patients' records. RESULTS: 1) Forty percent received dental substitutes after a ...
Kojima Kazuyuki - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The present study evaluated the efficacy of Roux-en-Y (R-Y) reconstruction and Billroth-I (B-I) reconstruction after laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between October 2000 and February 2006, a total of 133 consecutive patients who underwent LADG for gastric carcinoma were classified into 2 groups according to reconstruction (B-I, ...
Saadeh Pierre B - - 2008
Since their first review of microsurgical correction of facial contour deformities in 19 patients with craniofacial malformations, the authors have treated an additional 74 patients (n = 93). The authors review indications, choices, safety, efficacy, complications, and technical refinements. A treatment algorithm is presented. A retrospective chart review of all ...
Chepeha Douglas B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A quasi-experimental retrospective study was undertaken to evaluate a new concept of free tissue volume restoration combined with bridging reconstruction plate (compartment approach) to reduce plate-related complication rates. METHODS: We evaluated 40 patients with large lateral mandible defects and associated complex soft tissue defects reconstructed with a revascularized soft ...
Grafe Michael W - - 2008
We evaluated the results of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using an Achilles tendon allograft in revisions and in patients older than 30. Results from 23 consecutive patients (mean age, 43 years) who underwent ACL reconstruction with fresh-frozen, irradiated (22/23) Achilles allografts were retrospectively reviewed. Seven cases were revisions. Patients ...
Fanton Gary S - - 2008
PURPOSE: OMS103HP, an investigational drug product containing ketoprofen, amitriptyline, and oxymetazoline, is added to arthroscopic irrigation solution. OMS103HP was evaluated in patients undergoing arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction to assess the drug's safety and ability to improve postoperative knee function and motion, reduce postoperative pain, and allow earlier return to ...
Kondo Eiji - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Several trials have been conducted to compare the clinical results between anatomic double-bundle and single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction procedures. In these studies, however, the number of patients was insufficient to compare the clinical results of the 2 procedures. HYPOTHESIS: The anatomic double-bundle procedure may be significantly better ...
Shields Donald C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Despite therapeutic advances for major depression, a subset of patients with this disorder does not respond to conventional treatment. Stereotactic ablative procedures such as anterior cingulotomy have been performed in severely affected, treatment-resistant patients, but the long-term results of such procedures are not fully understood. METHODS: Findings are reported ...
Kalliakmanis Alkiviadis - - 2008
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was the clinical evaluation of arthroscopic meniscal repair results with the use of 3 different repair devices. METHODS: From 2001 to 2006, 265 patients underwent 280 meniscal repairs (RapidLoc [DePuy Mitek, Raynham, MA] in 88 patients, T-Fix [Acufex Microsurgical, Mansfield, MA] in 85 patients, ...
Ahn Jin Hwan - - 2008
PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to document the clinical results and technical aspects of arthroscopic partial meniscectomy in conjunction with peripheral tear repair for the treatment of symptomatic discoid lateral meniscus in children. METHODS: From June 1998 to May 2005, the senior author (J.H.A.) performed arthroscopic surgery on 77 children ...
Ahmad Nawaiz - - 2008
The structure and functional relationship of polymers have long been the purview of engineers and polymer chemists. Bioabsorbable fixation devices have been used for decades as dissolvable suture meshes and, recently, routinely by orthopedic surgeons. During the past decade, bioabsorbable fixation systems have become available for use by craniomaxillofacial surgeons ...
Kessler M A - - 2008
ACL-reconstruction aims to restore joint stability and prevent osteoarthritis; however, malfunction and osteoarthritis are often the sequelae. Our study asks whether ACL-reconstruction or conservative treatment lead to better long-term results. In this retrospective cohort study, 136 patients with isolated ACL-rupture who had been treated by bone-ligament-bone transplant or conservatively were ...
Selber Jesse Creed - - 2008
Fronto-orbital reconstruction is the standard of care for repair of unilateral coronal synostosis. This study examined the relationship between age at initial surgery and need for secondary surgery, to determine the optimal age for reconstruction. The series comprised 81 patients with unicoronal synostosis who underwent reconstruction over a 30-year period ...
Ferretti Andrea - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to test a new method of harvesting semitendinosus tendon during anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction that would allow an anatomic reinsertion of the regenerated tendon and minimize postoperative internal rotation strength loss. METHODS: We prospectively selected 35 patients surgically treated for anterior knee instability. ...
Suoub Mohammed - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Dartos flap coverage is routinely used as a protective layer during tubularized incised plate urethroplasty (TIPU) except when an associated foreskin reconstruction (FSR) precludes its use. In this study we compare the outcome of distal hypospadias repair with and without foreskin reconstruction by the same surgeon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Seng Khemarin - - 2008
PURPOSE: Our purpose was to determine the optimal treatment of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture in patients aged 40 years or older. METHODS: Our method was expected-value decision analysis with sensitivity analysis, which is a systematic tool for quantitating clinical decisions. We evaluated 100 randomly selected individuals aged 40 years ...
Rue John-Paul H - - 2008
PURPOSE: Postoperative loss of motion after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction can lead to suboptimal outcomes. Short-term low-dose oral corticosteroids are an option for nonsurgical management of this condition. The purpose of this study is to retrospectively review a series of patients treated with a single Medrol Dosepak (MDP) (Pfizer, ...
Billante Mark J - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical success rate of all-inside meniscal repairs using a rapidly absorbing device in patients undergoing concurrent anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions. METHODS: Patients with menisci repaired using the polydioxanone Mitek RapidLoc (Depuy Mitek, Raynham, MA) during concurrent ACL reconstruction were ...
Myers Peter - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to prospectively assess the outcome of hamstring autograft anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction by use of identically shaped bioabsorbable and titanium interference screws in a randomized trial. METHODS: One hundred patients were randomized to have either bioabsorbable or titanium interference screws used for ...
Kadota C - - 2008
Many papers have been published on surgical mandibulectomy and reconstruction. However, only a few reports refer to masticatory function after prosthodontic treatment in mandibulectomy patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the masticatory function of mandibulectomy patients. Twenty-three subjects (10 males and 13 females, with an average age ...
Benazzo Francesco - - 2008
Pre-clinical studies have shown that treatment by pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) can limit the catabolic effects of pro-inflammatory cytokines on articular cartilage and favour the anabolic activity of the chondrocytes. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is usually performed by arthroscopic procedure that, even if minimally invasive, may elicit an inflammatory ...
Tewari Ashutosh - - 2008
We describe a novel technique of total vesico-urethral reconstruction, which combines the tactics of previous surgeons, and compare the outcome of our innovative changes for return to early continence with prostatectomies with no or partial reconstruction of the vesico-urethral junction. Between 1 January 2005 and 5 June 2007 a cohort ...
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