Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1297
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Dauphin Claire - - 2008
Thromboembolic accidents and haemorrhage are the main complications observed during long-term follow-up of mechanical heart valve patients. Several suggestions for improving anticoagulation quality have been made, including international normalised ratio (INR) self-monitoring. We report the preliminary results of a single-centre, open, randomised study (scheduled population of 200 patients), which compares ...
Baetz Brooke E - - 2008
As the only oral anticoagulation option available in the United States, warfarin use remains widespread. However, concerns of safety remain a substantial issue. Additional anticoagulation options include unfractionated heparin, low-molecular-weight heparins (e.g., enoxaparin, dalteparin, and tinzaparin), and the indirect-acting factor Xa inhibitor, fondaparinux. Direct thrombin inhibitors represent a newer class ...
Eischer L - - 2009
Patients with first venous thromboembolism (VTE) and high factor VIII (FVIII) are at increased risk of recurrence. It is unknown whether these patients benefit from prolonged secondary thrombophrophylaxis. In a prospective trial patients with first spontaneous VTE and FVIII levels >230 IU/dl were randomized to discontinue vitamin K Antagonist (VKA) ...
Kefer John C - - 2008
PURPOSE: We report our experience with patients requiring long-term anticoagulation therapy who underwent open or laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for renal tumors at our institution. We compared outcomes with those in a control group undergoing partial nephrectomy with no anticoagulation requirements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 1,031 ...
Onundarson P T - - 2008
The efficacy and safety of oral anticoagulation (OA) with vitamin K antagonists depends on maintaining anticoagulation intensity, measured as international normalized ratio (INR), within defined target ranges. We assessed the quality of our current software-assisted warfarin dosing in the year 2006 in 941 unselected consecutive patients on stable OA with ...
Jensen Christina Friis - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The quality of oral anticoagulant therapy may be related to which type of coumarin is used. The aim was to investigate whether phenprocoumon or warfarin provide the highest quality of oral anticoagulant therapy in patients who manage the therapy themselves. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a cohort study 519 patients ...
Rossini Roberta - - 2008
In patients undergoing coronary stenting, long-term dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel reduces atherothrombotic events but also increases the risk of bleeding. The potential for developing bleeding complications is further enhanced in patients also requiring oral anticoagulant treatment ("triple therapy"). The aim of the study is to assess long-term ...
Usoh Fred - - 2009
The short-term effectiveness and safety placement of superior vena cava (SVC) filter in the treatment of upper extremity deep venous thrombosis in patients with contraindication to anticoagulation have been well documented. However, as opposed to the numerous reported experiences with inferior vena cava filter placement and its complications, there has ...
Maltz Lily A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to provide descriptive information about off-label treatment practice with clopidogrel in a pediatric population. METHODS: Patients less than 18 years of age prescribed clopidogrel between March 2002 and August 2005 were retrospectively identified at Children's Hospital, Boston. Data from the time of first documented clopidogrel use ...
Kwong Louis M - - 2008
The use of outpatient anticoagulation after major orthopedic surgery with oral or injectable anticoagulants is recommended by national guidelines. A retrospective analysis of medical and pharmacy claims data using the PharMetrics Patient-Centric Database Inc, Watertown, Mass, was conducted. After adjusting for covariates, patients receiving warfarin were approximately 30% more likely ...
Cherry Robert A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Inferior vena cava filters (IVCF) are used in trauma patients to reduce the incidence of pulmonary embolism (PE). This study investigates the efficacy of prophylactic IVCF (PIVCF) placement from implantation through outpatient follow-up. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected on PIVCF placed in trauma patients > or =18-years old from ...
Cavallini Anna - - 2008
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is the most serious complication of oral anticoagulant therapy (OAT), with mortality in excess of 50%. Major risk factors are advanced patient age, elevated systolic blood pressure, intensity of anticoagulation, and previous cerebral ischemia. A number of acute treatments are available, but all have significant side effects ...
Hata M - - 2008
The American Food and Drug Administration has suggested that proton pump inhibitors increase the international normalized ratio (INR) when used concomitantly with warfarin, by being metabolized by cytochrome P450 2C19. We therefore reviewed patients taking warfarin. Two hundred and forty patients who took warfarin after surgery were divided into two ...
Wey Pierre-François - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Bleeding is the most serious complication of oral anticoagulant therapy used for the prevention of thromboembolic complications. Drug-drug interactions are an important concern, as they may increase drug toxicity and, in the case of anticoagulant therapies, increase the risk of hemorrhage. CASE SUMMARY: An 84-year-old woman presented to the ...
Gajra Ajeet - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Lepirudin is a recombinant hirudin that exerts its anticoagulant effect by direct inhibition of thrombin. Lepirudin is indicated for anticoagulation in patients with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) and associated thromboembolic disease to prevent further thromboembolic complications. OBJECTIVE: This review addresses various clinical uses of lepirudin including but not limited to ...
Puri Deepak - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Anticoagulation is started soon after mechanical valve replacement as the risk of thromboembolic complications is especially high during the first six months after surgery. At present there is no consensus on the optimal protocol to prevent early thrombogenic complications, without increasing the risk of ...
Paauw James D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Indications for peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) for long-term venous access have grown during the last several years. There are various complications associated with PICC lines, a common one being venous thrombosis. This study's purpose was to determine the incidence of venous thrombosis associated with PICCs with and without ...
Ziegler J Werner - - 2008
PURPOSE: A postmarketing surveillance registry was conducted to monitor the safety and effectiveness of the OptEase vena cava filter when used as a permanent filter. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a nonrandomized, multicenter prospective trial with all patients receiving the OptEase vena cava filter for the prevention of pulmonary ...
Massó González E L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Between 3% and 40% of patients surviving an episode of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) experience a recurrence within 1 year. Aim To characterize further the recurrence rate of UGIB and to investigate the role of long-term acid suppressive therapy in its secondary prevention. METHODS: Recurrent cases of UGIB were ...
Sarafoff N - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Optimal antithrombotic/anticoagulation therapy in patients on chronic oral anticoagulation (OAC) undergoing drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation is unknown. We investigated the efficacy and safety of two regimens of antithrombotic/anticoagulation therapy in patients who present for DES implantation whilst on OAC. METHODS: We included a series of 515 patients on OAC ...
Cavallari Larisa H - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify contributors to unstable anticoagulation in African Americans. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty African Americans on warfarin were enrolled. Cytochrome P450 2C9 and vitamin K epoxide reductase genotypes and vitamin K intake were assessed, and clinical and dietary data during the 12 months prior to enrollment were ...
Sullivan Joshua - - 2008
PURPOSE: Dual antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel and aspirin is reviewed. SUMMARY: Several studies have evaluated the effectiveness of clopidogrel, aspirin, or the combination of these agents in a variety of patient populations. The results of these studies have helped determine the role of clopidogrel and aspirin in evidence-based medicine. Investigators ...
Calvo-Romero José María - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the adverse outcomes and its predictors during anticoagulant therapy in patients with venous thromboembolic disease (VTD) from a rural population. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study of 94 consecutive patients. The patients were diagnosed in a first-level hospital from a rural Spanish area using objective methods ...
Ngow H - - 2008
1. A retrospective study was conducted to explore the importance of CYP2C9 genotyping for the initiation and maintenance therapy of warfarin in clinical practice. A total of 191 patients on warfarin therapy in a local hospital were recruited after written informed consent. Their medical records were reviewed and no intervention ...
Douketis James D - - 2008
This article discusses the perioperative management of antithrombotic therapy and is part of the American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines (8th Edition). The primary objectives of this article are the following: (1) to address the perioperative management of patients who are receiving vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) or ...
Wysokinski Waldemar E WE Thrombophilia Clinic, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2008
To estimate the 3-month cumulative incidence of thromboembolism (TE), bleeding, and death among consecutive patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF) who were receiving long-term anticoagulation therapy and were referred to the Thrombophilia Center at Mayo Clinic for periprocedural anticoagulation management. In a prospective cohort study of consecutive patients receiving long-term ...
Becker Richard C RC Duke Cardiovascular Thrombosis Center, Duke Clinical Research Institute, 2400 Pratt Street, Durham, NC 27705, USA. - - 2008
The following chapter devoted to antithrombotic therapy for chronic coronary artery disease (CAD) is part of the Antithrombotic and Thrombolytic Therapy: American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines (8th Edition). Grade 1 recommendations are strong and indicate that the benefits do or do not outweigh risks, burden, and ...
Kalva Sanjeeva P - - 2008
PURPOSE: To assess the clinical safety and efficacy of suprarenal inferior vena cava (IVC) filters during long-term follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, the authors collected the following data about patients who underwent suprarenal IVC filter placement at their institution between 1988 and 2007: demographics, clinical presentation, indications ...
Annala Antti-Pekka - - 2008
Long-term warfarin therapy is assumed to increase bleeding and access site complications after coronary angiography and it is often recommended to postpone invasive procedures to reach international normalized ratio (INR) levels <1.8. To assess the safety and feasibility of diagnostic coronary angiography during uninterrupted warfarin therapy, we retrospectively analyzed all ...
Siragusa Sergio - - 2008
Residual vein thrombosis (RVT) indicates a prothrombotic state and is useful for evaluating the optimal duration of oral anticoagulant treatment (OAT). Patients with a first episode of deep vein thrombosis, treated with OAT for 3 months, were managed according to RVT findings. Those with RVT were randomized to either stop ...
Lu Yun - - 2008
PURPOSE: Characteristics of the amiodarone-warfarin interaction during long-term follow-up were studied. METHODS: Medical records from patients seen in the anticoagulation clinic at the Hennepin County Medical Center between April 1998 and March 2003 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were included if they were older than 18 years, used the anticoagulation clinic ...
Hermosillo A Janelle - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To review the rationale, clinical practice guideline recommendations, and clinical trial data describing bleeding and clinical outcomes associated with the use of the combination of aspirin, a thienopyridine, and warfarin. DATA SOURCES: An English-language literature search was conducted using MEDLINE (1966-March 2008) and the search terms aspirin, clopidogrel, ticlopidine, ...
Biscup-Horn Paula J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Antithrombotic medications require careful management to avoid thrombotic or hemorrhagic complications. The benefits of specialized anticoagulation management services (AMS) in the outpatient setting are well established; less evidence of benefit in the hospital setting is available. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical benefits of an inpatient AMS to cardiac surgery ...
de León Ricardo - - 2008
First rib resection and scalenectomy is an acceptable therapy for those with axillosubclavian vein thrombosis who have responded to lytic therapy and demonstrated subclavian vein patency. However, the treatment for those patients who present with a chronically occluded subclavian vein is controversial. We present four such patients who underwent first ...
Narváez J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether concomitant treatment with low-dose aspirin or other antiplatelet agents have an impact on the risk of severe ischemic complications and in the outcome of patients with giant cell arteritis (GCA). METHODS: A retrospective follow-up study of an unselected population of 121 patients with GCA. RESULTS: Thirty-seven ...
Carroll Douglas N - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To critically evaluate a possible increased anticoagulant response during concomitant warfarin and fluoroquinolone therapy. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was conducted using PubMed, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, and MEDLINE, from inception to January 2008, combining the term warfarin individually with ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, and moxifloxacin. These 3 quinolones were selected based ...
Gellatly Rochelle M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether aspirin plus a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) is preferable, from a gastrointestinal bleed (GIB) risk perspective, to clopidogrel in patients who have experienced a GIB while on aspirin and who require single antiplatelet therapy for secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was ...
Shinohara Yukito - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The antiplatelet agent sarpogrelate is a selective inhibitor of 5-hydroxytryptamine receptors. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of sarpogrelate with those of aspirin in Japanese ischemic stroke patients. METHODS: In total, 1510 patients with recent cerebral infarction (1 week to 6 ...
Shalom Avshalom - - 2008
Many patients undergoing surgical procedures take medications that influence the coagulation system. It is common practice to discontinue the use of aspirin and warfarin products 7 to 10 days before any major surgical procedure. However, there is some controversy as to whether these medications should be discontinued for minor dermatological ...
Le Blanche Alain F - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate (i) the appropriateness, safety, and patient outcomes after placement of the VenaTech LP caval filter and (ii) the success of filter insertion through various venous access routes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An open multicenter prospective observational study was conducted in 12 European centers, including an initial part limited ...
Denas G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Timely reversal of excessive anticoagulation is important in preventing bleeding complications. The use of vitamin K in correcting over-anticoagulation is widely accepted to be superior to discontinuation of therapy but its effectiveness and safety in large scale cohort studies has not been assessed. METHODS: According to our protocol, 2 ...
Hedayati Nasim - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Mesenteric vein thrombosis (MVT) can result in intestinal ischemia and is associated with high morbidity and mortality due in part to its frequent delay in diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical presentation, diagnostic evaluation, and treatment outcome of MVT. METHODS: Hospital records and clinical data ...
Schmid Christof - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The application of axial-flow pumps in patients with end-stage heart failure reveals a significantly reduced infectious complication rate as compared with rates observed with pulsatile devices. The remaining adverse event rate relates mainly to thromboembolic complications with neurologic consequences. We investigated the dependence of the neurologic adverse event rate ...
Perera Rafael - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Oral anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists is effective for the prevention and treatment of thromboembolic events. Recent systematic reviews have shown that self-monitoring improved the quality of oral anticoagulation therapy (OAT), with patients spending more time in the therapeutic range than traditionally monitored patients, ...
Fischer Dieter - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of patent foramen ovale (PFO) is higher in patients with paradoxical embolism and associated with increased risk for recurrent thromboembolic events. By percutaneous closure of PFO, surgical closure or permanent oral anticoagulation can be avoided. So far, published series included different occluder systems and various indications and regimens ...
Fugate Susan - - 2008
PURPOSE: An evidence-based heparin- induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) treatment protocol to standardize the management of confirmed or suspected HIT was developed. SUMMARY: In a retrospective review of 10 patients with known or suspected HIT over a two-year period, medical records were evaluated for baseline laboratory results, treatment selection, initial dosing and ...
Sharrock Nigel E - - 2008
Anticoagulation for thromboprophylaxis after THA and TKA has not been confirmed to diminish all-cause mortality. We determined whether the incidence of all-cause mortality and pulmonary embolism in patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty differs with currently used thromboprophylaxis protocols. We reviewed articles published from 1998 to 2007 that included 6-week or ...
Benzimra J D - - 2009
AIMS: This study aims to establish the prevalence of aspirin, dipyridamole, clopidogrel, and warfarin use in patients undergoing cataract surgery, and to compare local anaesthetic and intraoperative complication rates between users and non-users. METHODS: The Cataract National Dataset was remotely extracted and anonymised on 55,567 operations at 12 NHS Trusts ...
Ota Satoshi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the use of the Günther Tulip Filter (GTF) for the management of venous thromboembolism (VTE). METHODS AND RESULTS: Between December 2000 and April 2005, 118 patients (42 males, 76 females; mean age 60.5 years) diagnosed with VTE, underwent treatment with a ...
Alberts Mark J - - 2008
The landmark CHARISMA study attempted to show that combination therapy with aspirin plus clopidogrel was superior to aspirin alone in a mixed population of patients with known vascular disease or those with risk factors for vascular disease. Although the study was negative for the combined group, a re-analysis of the ...
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