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Results 101 - 150 of 1339
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Marras Carlo Efisio - - 2013
Although vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is an effective alternative option for patients with refractory epilepsy unsuitable for conventional resective surgery, predictors of a better control of seizure frequency and severity are still unavailable. This prospective study reports on 39 patients, including 4 children affected by epilepsia partialis continua (EPC), who ...
Aznar Laín Gemma - - 2013
To determine what epilepsy types occur after herpetic encephalitis and what are the determinant factors for subsequent infantile spasms. We analyzed retrospectively the clinical history of 22 patients, referred to Necker and Saint Vincent de Paul Hospitals (Paris) through the French pediatric epilepsy network from March 1986 to April 2010 ...
He Wei - - 2013
We investigated the safety and efficacy of transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (ta-VNS) for the treatment of pediatric epilepsy. Fourteen pediatric patients with intractable epilepsy were treated by ta-VNS of the bilateral auricular concha using an ear vagus nerve stimulator. The baseline seizure frequency was compared with that after 8weeks, ...
Calvacante T - - 2013
Based on a cohort of patients treated on distal middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysm by microsurgical approach, the objectives were to assess the following: the postoperative functional outcome, study the causes of early neurological deterioration and to determine the predictive factors of favourable outcome. From a neurovascular prospective database, this ...
Novy Jan - - 2013
Lacosamide (LCM) is a recently licensed antiepileptic drug available in the UK since 2008. It is thought to act through modulation of sodium channel slow inactivation. Its efficacy and tolerability have been shown in several regulatory randomised controlled trials, but assessments of its performance in large naturalistic settings are rare. ...
Thome-Souza Sigride - - 2013
The combination of lamotrigine and valproate/divalproex sodium has been shown to be effective in the treatment of refractory epilepsy. This study aims to evaluate the pharmacologic properties of using this combination in a pediatric population refractory to antiepileptic drugs, with an extended follow-up. We studied a group of 51 patients, ...
Dorfer Christian - - 2013
Object Outcomes following functional hemispherotomy in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy have been well described. However, studies reporting long-term longitudinal outcomes after subhemispheric disconnective epilepsy surgery are still limited. Methods The authors conducted a retrospective review of prospectively collected data of 10 children who underwent temporoparietooccipital (TPO) disconnective surgery at the ...
Choi Su Jung SJ Brain-Nerve Center, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
We evaluated the long-term outcome of patients with refractory epilepsy who were treated with vagus nerve stimulation (VNS). This investigation is designed as an uncontrolled, open-label, retrospective and long-term study. From June 1999 to October 2009, 20 patients were suitable for inclusion criteria: 4-year follow-up and documented seizure frequency before ...
Dlugos Dennis D Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Perelman School of Medicine at University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA. - - 2013
In children with newly diagnosed childhood absence epilepsy (CAE), determine pretreatment EEG features and their associations with baseline neuropsychological function and short-term treatment outcome. In a multicenter, randomized clinical trial, patients with CAE underwent a pretreatment, 1-hour video-EEG and neuropsychological testing with freedom-from-failure and seizure-freedom (SF) outcome assessed at the ...
Zheng Zhe - - 2013
We identified factors associated with early and late postoperative seizure control in patients with supratentorial meningioma plus preoperative seizures. In this retrospective study, univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis compared 24 clinical variables according to the occurrence of early (≤1 week) or late (>1 week) postoperative seizures. Sixty-two of 97 patients ...
Elliott Robert E - - 2013
Object In this paper the authors' goal was to identify preoperative variables that predict long-term seizure freedom among patients with mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) after single-stage anterior temporal lobectomy and amygdalohippocampectomy (ATL-AH). Methods The authors retrospectively reviewed 116 consecutive patients (66 females, mean age at surgery 40.7 years) with refractory ...
Kim J H - - 2013
Our hypothesis was that the incidence of malposition of a right-sided double-lumen endobronchial tube and right upper lobe collapse may increase when the distance between the carina and the distal margin of the right upper lobe orifice is less than 23 mm, measured from a computerised tomography scan. A total of ...
Kim Young-Hoon - - 2013
Object Supplementary motor area (SMA) resection often induces postoperative contralateral hemiparesis or speech disturbance. This study was performed to assess the neurological impairments that often follow SMA resection and to assess the risk factors associated with these postoperative deficits. Methods The records for patients who had undergone SMA resection for ...
Giulioni Marco - - 2013
Object The study was performed to investigate the relation between seizure outcome after surgical treatment of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) and pathological findings, classified according to the recently proposed classifications of mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS), granule cell pathology (GCP), focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) and epilepsy-associated low-grade tumors (ELGT). Methods ...
Dahaba Ashraf A - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Medical therapy, the cornerstone of managing epilepsy, still fails a substantial portion of patients. Little information is available regarding the potential impact of different bispectral index (BIS) levels on electrocorticographic spike identification for surgical epileptic foci resection. METHODS:: Twenty-two intractable epilepsy subjects were randomly allocated to the propofol-remifentanil or ...
Fan Pi-Chuan - - 2013
Myoclonic astatic epilepsy (MAE) is characterized by multiple seizure types, which are often refractory. Although vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is an alternative treatment for medically intractable seizures, its exact mechanism of action remains unclear. Herein, we report the case of a 4-year-old boy with intractable MAE who has been in ...
Brodie Martin J - - 2013
This short article reviews 30 years of prospective observations on outcomes relevant to an expanding cohort of adolescent and adult patients with newly diagnosed epilepsy, who received their first antiepileptic drug (AED) and subsequent long-term follow-up at the Epilepsy Unit at the Western Infirmary in Glasgow, United Kingdom. Despite the fact ...
Wang Xiaoyu - - 2013
Background: Cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM) is frequently associated with intractable focal epilepsy. Epileptogenicity is usually attributed to the hemosiderin deposits. Extent of resection is a crucial issue for achieving good seizure outcome. Aim: To assess whether seizure outcome is related to the extended resection (ER) of surrounding hemosiderin fringe brain ...
Bujarski Krzysztof A KA Department of Neurology, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, New Hampshire, USA. - - 2013
Previous comparisons of standard temporal lobectomy (STL) and selective amygdalohippocampectomy (SelAH) have been limited by inadequate long-term follow-up, variable definitions of favorable outcome, and inadequate consideration of psychiatric comorbidities. The authors performed a retrospective analysis of seizure, cognitive, and psychiatric outcomes in a noncontemporaneous cohort of 69 patients with unilateral ...
Liang Shuli - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To study postoperative seizure control of hemispherectomy in adults with epilepsy and evaluate changes of movement and speech function, intelligence quotient (IQ) and quality of life (QOL) after hemispherectomy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 25 adults who presented severe unilateral epilepsy and hemiplegia and underwent anatomic or functional hemispherectomy in ...
Sonmez Fatma Mujgan FM Turgut Ozal University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Child Neurology, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2013
Antiepileptic drugs have been reported to reduce the levels of serum immunoglobulins and affect the production and levels of certain cytokines. We investigated the effects of valproic acid (VPA) and topiramate (TPM) on the blood levels of interleukin (IL)-1α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-α in children with idiopathic generalized and ...
Benedetti-Isaac J C - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Reports on surgical outcomes in patients with drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy without histological abnormalities are scarce. METHODS: Retrospective review of data from patients with drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy and no histopathological alterations who underwent anterior mesial temporal lobectomy. We analysed the following variables: age, sex, age at seizure onset, ...
Massot A - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Eslicarbazepine acetate (ESL) is a new antiepileptic drug (AED) and an analogue to carbamazepine (CBZ) and oxcarbazepine (OXC). In this study, we evaluate initial therapeutic response to ESL and events in the change from CBZ and OXC. METHODS: We evaluated 61 patients with a broad spectrum of drug-resistant epilepsies ...
Ibrahim George M - - 2013
Object At present, the administration of prophylactic antiepileptic medication following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is controversial, and the practice is heterogeneous. Here, the authors sought to inform clinical decision making by identifying factors associated with the occurrence of seizures following aneurysm rupture. Methods Exploratory analysis was performed on 413 patients ...
Josephson Colin B - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare standard anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) with selective amygdalohippocampectomy (SAH) for postoperative seizure control in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and Embase using Medical Subject Headings and keywords related to ATL and SAH. We included original research that directly compared seizure outcomes in patients undergoing ...
Kalanithi Paul S A - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Data regarding rehospitalization and emergency department (ED) visits following vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) present data analysis challenges. We present a method that uses California's multiple databases to more completely assay VNS efficacy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project's California Inpatient and Ambulatory Surgery databases were assayed ...
Amato Marcelo Campos Moraes - - 2013
Objectives: To determine the clinical presentation and treatment outcome of pediatric intracranial cavernous malformation (CM) in a single-centered institution. Methods: Clinical data review of 30 patients under 18 years-old who had undergone surgery for cavernous malformation from January 1993 to December 2011. Results: The Study Group included 18 males and ...
Hara Koichiro - - 2013
Treatment protocols for interictal psychosis (IIP) of patients with epilepsy have not yet been established. We aimed to clarify the effects of antipsychotic drugs (APDs) on duration of IIP episodes. We studied 393 IIP episodes in 200 patients with epilepsy in accordance with our empirical treatment protocol. The duration of ...
Ntsambi-Eba Glennie - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Multiple subpial transection (MST) is a potential surgical treatment for patients with epileptogenic foci located in cortical areas with higher functions. As neurosurgical teams have become more experienced with MST, the original technique has adapted. OBJECTIVE:: To report our 6-year experience with a modified MST technique. METHODS:: The population ...
Wang Ke - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We attempted to investigate the effect of external ventricular drainage (EVD) plus intraventricular fibrinolysis from ipsilateral or contralateral ventricle on clinical outcomes in patients with intraventricular hemorrhage. METHODS: We undertook a prospective controlled study. Patients with acute obstructive hydrocephalus after intraventricular hemorrhage were randomized to receive EVD from ipsilateral ...
Kim Sunhee - - 2013
The most challenging technical problem in ictal brain SPECT for localization of an epileptogenic focus is obtaining a timely injection of a radiopharmaceutical. In our institution, the first dedicated commercially available, remotely controlled automatic injector has been used in the pediatric epilepsy unit in conjunction with 24-h video and electroencephalogram ...
Cukiert Arthur A Clinica de Epilepsia de Sao Paulo, Epilepsy Surgery Program, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil. - - 2013
There is currently no resective (potentially curative) surgical option that is useful in patients with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. Palliative procedures such as callosotomy (Cx), vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) or deep brain stimulation have been offered. We compared the outcomes after Cx or VNS in two consecutive prospective cohorts of patients with ...
Garbossa Diego - - 2013
Background: The effectiveness of antiepileptic prophylaxis in patients with newly diagnosed high-grade glioma is debated. Craniotomy, surgical manipulation and bleeding are believed to favor the onset of seizures and, therefore, perioperative antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are generally used. Nevertheless, evidence to initiate preoperative AED prophylaxis are weak. Aim: Aim of this ...
Gonçalves-Ferreira Antonio - - 2013
Object The removal of mesial temporal structures, namely amygdalohippocampectomy, is the most efficient surgical procedure for the treatment of epilepsy. However, disconnection of the epileptogenic zones, as in temporal lobotomy or, for different purposes, hemispherotomy, have shown equivalent results with less morbidity. Thus, authors of the present study began performing ...
Li Xiong - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to investigate the association of inflammatory cytokines and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) with cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) and hemorrhage. A total of 31 AVM patients were divided into groups according to specimen sources; a ruptured group with 14 patients and an unruptured group with 17 patients. The ...
Simasathien Thitiwan - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To explore the prognostic implications of epilepsy duration and age at surgery for seizure outcomes after frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE) surgery. METHODS: We reviewed 158 patients who underwent FLE surgery from 1995 to 2010. The primary outcome was seizure freedom at last follow-up (Engel class IA). Analyses employed Cox ...
Wu Adam S AS Department of Neurosurgery, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2013
Seizures are a potentially devastating complication of resection of brain tumors. Consequently, many neurosurgeons administer prophylactic antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in the perioperative period. However, it is currently unclear whether perioperative AEDs should be routinely administered to patients with brain tumors who have never had a seizure. Therefore, the authors conducted ...
Lin Lua Pei - - 2013
We evaluated an epilepsy education programme based on text messaging (SMS). Epilepsy outpatients from three hospitals in Malaysia were randomised into two groups: intervention and control. Patients in the control group were supplied with printed epilepsy educational material while those in the intervention group also received text messages from the ...
Arya Ravindra R Comprehensive Epilepsy Center, Division of Neurology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA. - - 2013
A proportion of patients with childhood and juvenile absence epilepsies (CAE, JAE) are likely to be classified as medically refractory. In view of evidence gap for the treatment of such patients, this series is reported to generate estimate for efficacy of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) in this patient population. Patients ...
Sanders Robert David - - 2013
Benzodiazepines are World Health Organisation essential medicines used in the treatment of alcohol withdrawal, anaesthesia, sedation, anxiolysis, behavioural disturbance, epilepsy, insomnia, palliative care, and muscle spasm. Despite their widespread use concerns remain over their long-term safety through both neuronal and non-neuronal effects. We conducted a systematic review to identify vulnerable ...
Camfield Carol S - - 2013
Most intellectually normal children with focal epilepsy have partial complex or focal with secondary generalization seizures without a precise epilepsy syndrome. Their long-term outcome is largely unknown. Cases were identified from the population-based Nova Scotia Childhood Epilepsy cohort. Those eligible had seizure onset at 1 month to 16 years between ...
Pires Maria Elisa - - 2013
Ketogenic diet (KD) is an efficient treatment for refractory epilepsy including infantile spasms (IS). We evaluated the effect of a KD to treat IS as a third-line treatment, after vigabatrin (VGB) and steroids. We evaluated the efficacy and the tolerability of KD in IS using the rate of seizure-free patients ...
Chkhenkeli Sozari A - - 2013
Background: The goal of this study is to retrieve the attention to the treatment opportunities for this cohort of intractable bitemporal epilepsy patients who in most cases are not considered optimal candidates for surgery. Objectives: The purpose of this study is to demonstrate that electrophysiologically guided precise surgeries on both ...
Twardowschy Carlos A CA Neurology Service and Molecular Biology Laboratory, Hospital de Clínicas, Universidade Federal do Paraná, - - 2013
Phenytoin is known to be able to induce cerebellar atrophy in patients with epilepsy. It is also known that a CYP2C9 mutation (*2 or *3) reduces phenytoin metabolism by 25-50% and can increase the risk of phenytoin-related side effects. We examined the influence of CYP2C9 polymorphisms on total cerebellar volume ...
Verrotti Alberto A Department of Paediatrics, University of Chieti, Chieti, Italy. - - 2013
This multicenter, prospective study investigates the efficacy and safety of lacosamide adjunctive therapy in pediatric and adult patients with uncontrolled epilepsy. This study was carried out between September 2010 and December 2011 at 16 Italian and 1 German neurologic centers. Lacosamide was added to the baseline therapy at a starting ...
Rosa Moacyr A - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To compare the minimum charge to elicit a seizure using 2 different pulse widths, the brief pulse (0.5 milliseconds [ms]) and the ultrabrief pulse (0.3 ms). METHODS: We compared retrospectively the last 30 patients in our ECT unit whose seizure thresholds were titrated using a pulse width of 0.5 ...
Ray Anindya Kumar - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been mentioned as a risk factor for epilepsy in some texts. This observation is based on isolated case reports and 2 studies done in 1980s. Since 1983, no study was done on this topic. The objective of the current study was to find out the ...
Chou I-Ching - - 2013
This study presents an evaluation of the bidirectional correlation between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and epilepsy using 2 cohorts from the same population database. We used data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database to establish 2 separate cohort studies with participants <19 years old. We subdivided Cohort ...
Dalal Krishna - - 2013
Background: This report is based on the results of a randomized parallel controlled trial conducted to determine the efficacy of reflexology therapy in managing intractable epilepsy. Methods: Subjects who failed epilepsy surgery or were not candidates for epilepsy surgery or were non-responders of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) took part in this ...
Susheela Sridhar Papaiah - - 2013
Gelastic seizures, characterised by paroxysms of pathological laughter, are most often associated with an underlying hypothalamic hamartoma. This report describes the definitive treatment using stereotactic-radiosurgery for a teenaged child whose gelastic epilepsy was found refractory to various antiepileptic drugs. Since surgery was not consented to, the child was referred to ...
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