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Lavu Harish H *Departments of Surgery †Anesthesia ‡Biostatistics, Thomas Jefferson University, Jefferson Pancreas Biliary and Related Cancer Center, Philadelphia, - - 2014
This study was designed to determine whether the volume and type of fluid administered for pancreaticoduodenectomy impacts postoperative outcomes. Three percent hypertonic saline (HYS) has been suggested as a means of reducing the volume of fluid required to sustain tissue perfusion in the perioperative period. Between May 2011 and November ...
Kosiur James R JR 2591 44th Street SE, Suite 102, Grand Rapids, MI 49512. E-mail address: - - 2014
Patients are routinely kept non-weight-bearing for four to eight weeks following osteochondral autograft transfer to repair cartilage defects of the medial and/or lateral femoral condyle. Therefore, the objective of this novel study was to investigate whether postoperative weight-bearing restrictions affect the outcomes of cartilage repair when an osteochondral autograft transfer ...
Gözen Ali Serdar AS Department of Urology, SLK Kliniken, University of Heidelberg , Heilbronn , - - 2014
Abstract Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of body mass index (BMI) on the functional and oncological results of patients who had undergone laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP). Material and methods. In total, 1224 patients with follow-up data (>24 months) were enrolled. Patients were divided into ...
Shimamoto Mamiko M Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
The impact of being overweight remains unclear in Asian populations that tend to be lean. The objective of this study is to clarify the impact of body mass index (BMI) and metabolic factors on the prognosis of Japanese patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN). A total of 193 patients with IgAN ...
Dias Gonçalves Tiago Eduardo TE Department of Periodontology, Dental Research Division, Guarulhos University, Guarulhos, São Paulo, - - 2014
Background: Despite several investigations suggesting that obesity is a risk indicator for periodontitis, little is known about the impact of obesity on periodontal treatment response. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of scaling and root planing (SRP) on clinical parameters and circulating levels of leptin and ...
Barrett Allison M AM Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, 8635 W 3rd St, Ste 770W, Los Angeles, CA, 90048, USA, - - 2014
The laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) can be revised to sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) for various reasons. Data are limited on the safety and efficacy of single-stage removal of LAGB and creation of LSG. A retrospective review of cases was performed from 2010 to 2013. From the primary LSG group, a ...
Lena Martin M Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden, - - 2014
This study aimed to identify factors influencing postoperative weight loss ≥15 % in long-term survivors after esophageal cancer surgery. A population-based study was conducted in Sweden between 2001 and 2005, with regular follow-up for 5 years. Current weight, weight at operation, and average weight were assessed and dichotomized as weight loss of ...
Davies Stephen W SW Department of General Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Virginia, PO Box 800679, Charlottesville, VA, 22908-0679, USA, - - 2014
The two most commonly performed procedures for bariatric surgery include Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and adjustable gastric banding (AGB). While many studies have commented on short-term, postoperative outcomes of these procedures, few have reported long-term data. The purpose of this study was to compare long-term, postoperative outcomes between RYGB and ...
Kumar Amanika A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Gynecologic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
To determine the impact of obesity on surgical and oncologic outcomes after primary debulking surgery (PDS) in advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Women with stage IIIC/IV EOC who underwent PDS with curative intent between 1/2/2003 and 12/30/2011 were included. Patient characteristics, intraoperative and postoperative outcomes, recurrence and status were abstracted. ...
Fu Lingjie L *Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, P. R. China †Sonoran Spine Center, Phoenix, Arizona ‡Sonoran Spine Research and Education Foundation, Phoenix, Arizona §Banner Good Samaritan Orthopedic Surgery Residency Program, Phoenix, - - 2014
Retrospective cohort study. To determine if an association exists between high body mass (BMI>25) and surgical outcomes in revision adult scoliosis patients. Obesity is thought to be associated with increased surgical complications and inferior clinical outcomes in adults. There are no studies analyzing the effect of obesity on surgical outcomes ...
Bartels Else Marie EM The Parker Institute, Department of Rheumatology, Copenhagen University Hospital Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg, - - 2014
Changes in biomarkers for bone and cartilage in knee osteoarthritis (KOA) may reflect changes in tissue turnover induced by interventions. The aim of this study was to assess the effect on osteoarthritis biomarkers of an intensive weight loss intervention in obese KOA patients. 192 obese KOA patients followed a 16 ...
Efthymiou Vasileios V Department of Endocrinology, University of Patras, Medical School, Rion, Patras, - - 2014
Negative consequences of the obesity epidemic include decreased physical, psychological, and sexual health. Bariatric surgery is a well-tolerated and effective treatment for morbid obesity. This study aimed to determine the effect of bariatric surgery on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and sexual functioning and to identify potential predictors of this ...
Huang Wen-Hung WH Department of Nephrology and Division of Clinical Toxicology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Medical Center (WHH, CYC, JLL, DTLT, CWH, THY); and Chang Gung University and School of Medicine (WHH, CYC, JLL, DTLT, CWH, THY), Taoyuan, Taiwan, Republic of China - - 2014
Whether high body mass index (BMI) has an effect on progressive diabetic nephropathy in type II diabetes mellitus (DM) patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 3 or 4 remains unclear. This prospective study aimed to investigate the relationship between BMI and progression of renal function deterioration in type II ...
Richmond Bryan B Department of Surgery, West Virginia University, Charleston, West Virginia, - - 2014
The optimal technique for complex ventral hernia repair (VHR) remains controversial. Component separation (CS) reinforced with porcine acellular dermal matrix (PADM) has shown favorable results compared with series of conventional bridged VHR, but few comparative studies exist. We conducted a retrospective cohort study comparing 40 randomly selected patients who underwent ...
Pérez-Prieto Daniel D Orthopedic Department, Hospital del Mar, Barcelona, Spain, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) to determine whether a low body mass index (BMI) influences surgery outcomes and satisfaction. There were 39 patients in this prospective 3-year cohort study. The BMI, Cobb angle, the Body Shape Questionnaire 14 (BSQ-14), the Scoliosis ...
DuCoin Christopher C Department of Bariatric Surgery, Orlando Regional Medical Center & Bariatric and Laparoscopy Center, Orlando Health, 89 Copeland Dr, 1st Floor, Orlando, FL, - - 2014
Bariatric surgery is becoming more appealing as an option in addressing adolescent obesity. Concerns that may be encountered status postbariatric surgery include complications and failure to lose weight. The aim of our study is to describe safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) in patients between the ages ...
Verlaan Tessa T Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Endoscopic volume reduction of the stomach may provide a minimally invasive alternative for surgical procedures in the treatment of obesity. To assess safety and preliminary effectiveness in the first human application of a novel endoscopic stapling technique. Prospective, observational, phase 1 study. Two university hospitals in The Netherlands. Patients with ...
Koehestanie Parviez P *Department of General Surgery, Rijnstate Hospital, Arnhem, The Netherlands †Department of General Surgery and NUTRIM School for Nutrition, Toxicology and Metabolism Research, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, The Netherlands ‡Department of General Surgery, Atrium Medical Center Parkstad, Heerlen, The - - 2014
Investigate the safety and efficacy of 6 months' duodenal-jejunal bypass liner (DJBL) treatment in comparison with dietary intervention for obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The DJBL is a bariatric procedure involving an impermeable sleeve that is delivered endoscopically in the proximal intestine. This procedure not only is less ...
Tolstrup J J Surgical Department, Hvidovre University Hospital, Hvidovre, - - 2014
Fluid balance for the surgical patient has been proven very important for the postoperative outcome and development of complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate, for the first time in modern times, the accordance between nurse-based fluid charting (cumulated fluid balance) and body weight change for general surgical ...
Fujimoto Eisaku E Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Chugoku Rousai Hospital, 1-5-1 Hirotagaya, Kure, Hiroshima, 737-0193, Japan, - - 2014
The influence of residual malalignment on biomechanical analysis after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is currently uncertain. The hypothesis is that postoperative alignment would influence the in vivo kinematics after TKA, under weight-bearing conditions but not under non-weight-bearing condition. The purpose of the present study was to compare weight-bearing and non-weight-bearing ...
Caliskan Etem E Clinic for Cardiac Surgery, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, - - 2014
To investigate the effects of body mass index (BMI) on early outcomes after revascularization using either on-pump or off-pump surgery. Data for 3714 of 4314 patients who underwent surgical revascularization at our institution between 1999 and 2008 were analysed. Patients were divided into two groups [off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB); ...
Mourad Mirella M Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Science, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai , New York, NY , USA - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To estimate the association between maternal obesity and adverse outcomes in patients without placenta previa or accreta undergoing a tertiary or higher cesarean delivery. Study design: Retrospective cohort of patients cared for by a single MFM practice undergoing a tertiary or higher cesarean delivery from 2005 to 2013. ...
Yin Jun J Departments of *Minimally Invasive Surgery †General Surgery ‡Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, - - 2014
Although bariatric surgery performed for morbid obesity has been shown to significantly improve type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), data on its effectiveness to improve T2DM in nonobese patients are scarce. The present pilot study evaluated the clinical effects of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (LRYGB) in Chinese T2DM patients with ...
Bounthavong M M Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This was a retrospective cohort study that evaluated the differences in glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) and body mass index (BMI) in veterans with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), prescribed exenatide twice daily (BID) versus long-acting insulin analog (LAIA) two years after initiation in the United States (US) veteran population. Patients were ...
Pappou Ioannis I Shoulder and Elbow Division, Florida Orthopaedic Institute, 13020 North Telecom Parkway, Tampa, FL 33637. E-mail address for M.A. Frankle: - - 2014
The rising number of morbidly obese patients has important consequences for the health-care system. We investigated the effect of morbid obesity on outcomes, complications, discharge disposition, and costs in patients undergoing reverse shoulder arthroplasty.METHODS: Our joint registry was searched for all patients who had undergone primary reverse shoulder arthroplasty for ...
Ito Hiroshi - - 2014
It has not been shown whether accelerated rehabilitation following periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is effective for early recovery. The purpose of this retrospective study was to compare complication rates in patients with standard and accelerated rehabilitation protocols who underwent PAO. Between January 2002 and August 2011, patients with a lateral center-edge ...
Baretta Giorgio A P GA Universidade Federal do Paraná, 1375 Alameda Presidente Taunay, 80430-000, Curitiba, PR, Brazil, - - 2014
The failure of approximately 20 % of obese patients who undergo Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) to maintain weight loss over the following 18-24 months is related to the surgical procedure, to the patient, or both. Although the underlying mechanisms are uncertain, one factor that has been postulated is the dilation of the ...
Hong K D KD Department of Colorectal Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Florida, 2950 Cleveland Clinic Blvd., Weston, FL, 33331, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate the outcomes of sphincteroplasty in obese patients. Patients with fecal incontinence (FI) who underwent sphincter repair were identified and divided into obese [body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m(2)] and nonobese (BMI < 30 kg/m(2)) groups. Cleveland Clinic Florida FI Score (CCFFIS: 0 best and 20 worst) and FI quality of ...
Gargiulo M M Vascular Surgery, Department of Experimental Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, University of Bologna, Azienda Policlinico S. Orsola-Malpighi, Padiglione 5, III Piano Via Massarenti 9, 40138 Bologna, - - 2014
To evaluate four-dimensional contrast-enhanced ultrasound (4D-CEUS) as an alternative imaging method to computed tomography angiography (CTA) during follow up of fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (FEVAR) for juxta- and para-renal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). Between October 2011 and March 2012, all consecutive patients who underwent FEVAR follow up were included in ...
Buchwald H H Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota, 420 Delaware Street SE, MMC 290, Minneapolis, MN, 55455, USA, - - 2014
This is the first systematic review and meta-analysis focused exclusively on intermediate-term outcomes for the banded Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (B-RYGB). B-RYGB articles published from 1990 to 2013 were identified through MEDLINE, ScienceDirect, and SpringerLink databases augmented by manual reference review. Articles were assigned an evidence level (Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine ...
Nicoletti Carolina Ferreira CF Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of São Paulo, Avenida dos Bandeirantes, 3900, Ribeirao Preto, SP, 14049-900, Brazil, - - 2014
Bariatric surgery produces a substantial weight loss and improves the comorbidities associated with obesity such as diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia, although inability to lose weight or weight regain has been estimated to occur in 20 % of cases. The objective of the present study was to assess the influence of weight ...
Raynor Hollie A HA University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA. - - 2014
To examine if physical activity (PA) variety was associated with moderate- to vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA) energy expenditure and body mass index (BMI) at 18 months during an obesity intervention. Participants with ≥ 10 minutes/week of MVPA at 6 months and complete PA data were included. Participants were classified into Variety ...
Strain Gladys W GW Department of Surgery, Weill Cornell Medical College, 525 E 68th St., Box 294, New York, NY, 10065, USA, - - 2014
Since there is an increasing acceptance of the laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and limited information regarding its effect on cardiac risk factors, we assessed lipid profiles. A retrospective review of patient records pre and post LSG was performed. Analysis of variance evaluated group differences and paired t tests compared variable ...
Li Shuyuan S Department of Orthopaedic, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China; Department of Orthopaedic, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100730, - - 2014
The time until weight-bearing after arthroscopic microfracture when treating osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLT) is very important to the clinical outcomes of the operation. However, there have been no consistent opinions regarding the optimal time to start weight-bearing postoperatively. Many opinions advocate that weight-bearing should begin not earlier than ...
Williams Gj G Chelsea and Westminster Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate outcomes of bariatric surgery performed in order to improve mobility in patients with severe mobility limitations. Patients with severe mobility impairment (wheelchair bound) who underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) or laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) surgery to improve their mobility were ...
Farr Jack J Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Cartilage Restoration Center of Indiana, 1260 Innovation Parkway, Suite 100, Greenwood, IN 46143, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patellofemoral arthritis is multifactorial and more prevalent in women and in those with high patellofemoral loading (eg, from athletics and obesity). More patients are presenting with end-stage patellofemoral arthritis at earlier ages, which is increasingly being treated with patellofemoral arthroplasty. However, these patients often desire to continue with some level ...
Elizalde Benito Francisco Xavier FX Servicio de Urología. Clínica del Pilar. Zaragoza. - - 2014
To study the efficacy and safety of the Perigee® System for the treatment of anterior vaginal prolapse in our experience with a medium term follow-up. Prospective analysis on 48 consecutive patients with stage II-IV cystocele diagnosed from June 2006 until June 2009 using the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantitation classification without ...
Billy Helmuth T HT Ventura Advanced Surgical Associates, Ventura, - - 2014
Obesity is often associated with diminished health-related quality of life (HRQOL), but significant gains in HRQOL have been observed after bariatric surgery. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding has been established as a safe, effective treatment to reduce weight in patients with obesity. This report summarizes interim 3-year changes in HRQOL and ...
Arsoy Diren D Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota - - 2014
The results of total hip arthroplasty in 42 primary total hip arthroplasties in super-obese patients (BMI ≥ 50) were reviewed. The mean body mass index for the study group was 53.2 kg/m(2) (range 50-64). The mean preoperative Harris hip score improved from 35 to 74.8 postoperatively (P<0.001). Twenty-four of the ...
Al-Sabah Salman K SK Department of Surgery, Amiri Hospital, Kuwait Ministry of Health, Kuwait, - - 2014
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is becoming a popular and preferred primary bariatric intervention; however, its applicability in the adolescent age group remains controversial. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of SG in treating obesity and its co-morbidities among adolescents. A retrospective study was conducted of patients ...
Currò Giuseppe G Department of Human Pathology, University of Messina, 98100, Messina, Italy, - - 2014
This retrospective study compares the clinical and nutritional outcomes of 100 morbidly obese patients who underwent biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) with common (CC) and alimentary channel (AC) length, respectively, 50/250 and 80/200 cm. One hundred patients who received BPD from October 2006 to November 2011 were identified from a database of bariatric ...
Movassaghi Mehran M Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Urology , 8635 W Third St , Suite 1070 , Los Angeles, California, United States, 90048 , (310) 423-3700 , (310) 423-4711 ; - - 2014
The link between obesity and diabetes, hypertension, and eventual kidney dysfunction is well recognized. In order to evaluate trends in Body Mass Index (BMI) of donor nephrectomy patients, BMI was evaluated in 532 donors over 11 years from 2002-2012. Measurements were made pre-operatively, at 1 year, and at the present ...
Afaneh Cheguevara C Department of Surgery, New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical College, 525 East 68th Street, Box 207, New York, NY, 10065, USA, - - 2014
Patients undergoing sleeve gastrectomy experience a significant amount of postoperative gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. The purpose of our study was to assess the efficacy of omentopexy during laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) in reducing postoperative food intolerance and GI symptoms. Morbidly obese patients undergoing LSG were randomly assigned to have LSG with ...
Comiter Craig V CV Department of Urology, Stanford University Medical School, Stanford, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To successfully perform male sling surgery, and the surgery must achieve proximal urethral relocation and/or bulbar urethral compression. The Virtue quadratic sling is a novel device that incorporates both mechanisms of action. We report the 1-year results of the Virtue sling with fixation and compare it with the results of ...
Obeidat Firas W FW Faculty of Medicine, Department of General Surgery, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan, - - 2014
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is gaining popularity for the treatment of obesity. The objective of this study was to evaluate the volume of the resected stomach (VRS) as a predictor of the percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL) 1 year after LSG. This was a single-surgeon study of prospectively collected data ...
Kelly Anne C AC From the *Department of Psychiatry, and †North Carolina Psychiatric Research Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill; and ‡North Carolina Division of State Operated Healthcare Facilities, Raleigh, - - 2014
Clozapine, an evidence-based treatment of refractory schizophrenia, is associated with increased weight gain and metabolic dysregulation compared with most antipsychotics in short-term clinical trials. However, there are limited data describing comparative long-term metabolic risks. In this report, we examined whether short-term differences persist with long-term exposure to clozapine. The data ...
Richards Kyle A KA The University of Chicago Medical Center, Urology , 5841 S. Maryland Avenue , MC 6038 , Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637 , 773-702-6189 , 773-702-1001 ; - - 2014
Objective: To assess the impact of body mass index (BMI) on perioperative and renal functional outcomes in patients undergoing minimally invasive partial nephrectomy. Materials and Methods: In our IRB-approved, prospectively maintained clinical database, we identified 1,206 patients who underwent kidney surgery from 2002-2013. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was obtained ...
Lee Sun Y SY Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Nutrition, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, - - 2014
Objective: Surprisingly few studies have examined weight change in hypothyroid patients after initiation of levothyroxine (LT4) therapy. Our study aimed to investigate weight change after initiation of treatment for primary hypothyroidism.Methods: Using electronic medical records from Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA, we performed a retrospective cohort study from 1/1/2003-2/1/2011. Adults ...
Park Sun Hee SH Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea - - 2014
Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli has become an important cause of community-onset urinary tract infections. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of non-carbapenem antibiotics for acute pyelonephritis (APN) due to ESBL-producing E. coli. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients with community-onset APN due to ESBL-producing E. coli at ...
Kindo Michel M Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospitals of Strasbourg, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obesity is suggested to reduce postoperative bleeding in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) but perioperative hemostasis variations have not been studied. Therefore, we investigated the effects of severe obesity (body mass index [BMI] ≥35kg/m(2)) on chest tube output (CTO) and hemostasis in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with ...
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