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Raynor Hollie A HA University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA. - - 2014
To examine if physical activity (PA) variety was associated with moderate- to vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA) energy expenditure and body mass index (BMI) at 18 months during an obesity intervention. Participants with ≥ 10 minutes/week of MVPA at 6 months and complete PA data were included. Participants were classified into Variety ...
van Rutte P W J PW Department of Surgery, Catharina Hospital, PO Box 1350, 5602 ZA, Eindhoven, The - - 2014
Sleeve gastrectomy is being performed increasingly in Europe. Data on long-term outcome would be helpful in defining the role of sleeve gastrectomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of sleeve gastrectomy as a primary bariatric procedure. Medical charts of all patients who underwent a primary sleeve ...
Terman Samuel W SW Department of Neurosurgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
Object Minimally invasive (MI) transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) has been demonstrated in previous studies to offer improvement in pain and function comparable to those provided by the open surgical approach. However, comparative studies in the obese population are scarce, and it is possible that obese patients may respond differently ...
Michalaki M M Division of Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Patras Medical School, Thisseos 6, Ovria, Patras, 26500, - - 2014
Bariatric surgery is accompanied by malabsorption of protein, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and trace elements. Iodine is essential to the synthesis of thyroid hormones. The aim of this study was to estimate the daily iodine intake in severely obese patients before and after bariatric surgery. Thirty-five severely obese patients (obese group) ...
Hmamouchi Ihsane I From the Paris Descartes University, Department of Rheumatology, Cochin Hospital, and Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, Sorbonne Paris Cité Research Center, Paris, France; Mohammed V-Souissi University, Faculty of Medicine, Laboratory of Biostatistics, Clinical Research and Epidemiology, Rabat, - - 2014
Patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA) receiving anti-TNF-α treatment have an increase in fat mass. This may be relevant to cardiovascular risk. The aim of this study was to estimate visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) changes by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) in patients with SpA under anti-TNF-α therapy. ...
Abdallah Emad E Surgical Department, Mansoura University, Mansoura, - - 2014
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a surgical technique that treats morbid obesity. Consecutive patients with morbid obesity treated by LSG at our department were evaluated. Patients enrolled in the study were randomized into group I (LSG begins the division 2 cm from the pylorus) and group II (LSG begins the division ...
Jirapinyo Pichamol P Yale New Haven Hospital, New Haven, CT, - - 2014
Safety of conscious sedation for performing esophagoduodenoscopy (EGD) in obese and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) patients remains controversial. Additionally, it has been suggested that patients with higher body mass index (BMI) require higher sedation doses, imparting greater risk. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of sedation-related ...
Lafuente-Urrez Rosario Fátima RF Department of Dermatology, Hospital Reina Sofía, C/Bardenas 8, 1° A, E-31500 Tudela, Navarra, - - 2014
Background: The relationship between obesity and psoriasis is probably bidirectional. Objectives: To assess whether the effectiveness of adalimumab was affected by obesity in patients with psoriasis. Materials & methods: Retrospective study of 30 adalimumab naïve patients (13 men, 17 women, mean age 49.5 years) with moderate to severe psoriasis. Response ...
Boddu S R SR From the Divisions of Neuroradiology (S.R.B., A.C., R.P., A.M.S., P.A.H.) and Pediatric Radiology (K.E.A.), Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia; and Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics (Z.C., X.W.), Emory University, Atlanta, - - 2014
Fluoroscopic-guided lumbar puncture is an effective alternative to bedside lumbar puncture in challenging patients. However, no published guidelines are available for an acceptable range of fluoroscopic time for this procedure. The purpose of this study was to set department benchmark fluoroscopic times for lumbar puncture, accounting for body mass index ...
Michaels Joseph J From the *Private Practice, North Bethesda, MD; †Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD; and ‡Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
Measures that can reduce the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) are of great clinical importance. In addition to the use of sequential compression devices (SCDs), chemoprophylaxis with low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) has been recommended by the American College of Chest Physicians for major general surgery procedures. There remains inconclusive evidence to ...
Kumar Nitin N Division of Gastroenterology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
Larger gastrojejunal (GJ) anastomosis aperture is one independent predictor for weight regain after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Transoral outlet reduction (TORe) has proven safe and effective for treatment of weight regain by using a superficial-thickness (ST) suturing device. Full-thickness (FT) suturing devices are now available, potentially providing more effective results. To ...
Li Li L Department of Anaesthesia, Tianjin Union Medicine Centre, Tianjin, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficiency of ventilation using a novel chin-lift mask compared with an oropharyngeal airway (OPA) with EC-clamp technique in obese patients. Obese patients scheduled for cholecystectomy under general anaesthesia were divided into two groups: the OPA group, in which a standard mask and OPA with the EC-clamp technique ...
Lalanne Arnaud A *Reference Centre for Congenital and Malformative Esophageal Diseases, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Jeanne de Flandre Children's Hospital, Lille University. Lille, France †Department of Biostatistics, CHRU Lille, Univ Lille Nord de France, F-59000 Lille, - - 2014
To analyze the long-term follow-up of children receiving PEG in terms of survival, nutritional outcome and weaning from enteral nutrition. The secondary objectives were to evaluate the complications related to PEG and the outcome of patients with neurologic disability. This was a single centre retrospective study including all the 368 ...
Serebrakian Arman T AT Musculoskeletal and Quantitative Imaging Research Group, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, - - 2014
To assess whether changes in knee cartilage MR-based T2 relaxation times are associated with weight loss in individuals with risk factors for knee osteoarthritis (OA) compared with controls with stable weight. One hundred twenty-seven individuals with risk factors for knee OA were studied: 62 subjects had a body mass index ...
Ojeda Castillejo Elena E Servicio de Neumología, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obesity is associated with 2 closely related respiratory diseases: obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) and obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). It has been shown that noninvasive ventilation during sleep produces clinical and functional improvement in these patients. The long-term survival rate with this treatment, and the difference in clinical progress in ...
Argenta Peter P Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obesity increases risk for endometrial neoplasia, but neither the pathophysiology nor the effects of weight loss on the risk are well established. We attempted to characterize the molecular profile of the endometrium of asymptomatic women with morbid obesity before and following bariatric surgery-induced weight loss. 59 asymptomatic, morbidly obese women ...
De Vecchis R R Cardiology Unit Presidio Sanitario Intermedio "'Elena d'Aosta" Naples, Italy - - - 2014
Intravenous diuretics at relatively high doses are currently used for treating acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). However, the existence of harmful side effects diuretic-related, such as electrolyte abnormalities, symptomatic hypotension and marked neuro-hormonal activation have led researchers to implement alternative therapeutic tools such as isolated ultrafiltration (IUF). Our study aimed ...
Worley Michael J MJ Jr Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
To compare primary debulking surgery (PDS) vs. neoadjuvant chemotherapy with interval debulking surgery (NACT-IDS) among obese patients. Medical records of patients with a BMI ≥30 kg/m(2) with ovarian/fallopian tube/primary peritoneal carcinoma between January 2005 and December 2010 were reviewed. Patients were separated by PDS or NACT-IDS. Preoperative characteristics, surgical procedures ...
Heymann Anthony A Family Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
In the Liraglutide Effect and Action in Diabetes (LEAD) randomized clinical trials (RCTs) assessing liraglutide in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), glycated hemoglobin (A1c) was reduced by 7-16 mmol/mol and weight by up to 3.4 kg. As real-life efficacy data on liraglutide is limited, the authors assessed clinical effects in a real-life ...
Bekheit Mohamed M Minimal Invasive Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, El Kabbary General Hospital, El Kabbary, Alexandria, Egypt, - - 2014
Identifying factors that influence weight loss after bariatric surgery is one way to predict a successful surgical outcome. Knowledge of the effect of gender on weight loss after bariatric surgery has not been well demonstrated in the literature despite being noted in every day practice. The aim of this study ...
Gullo Salvatore - - 2014
A time-lagged design was used to examine how the perceptions of alliance to the group as a whole by the other group members at an earlier point in the group were related to an individual group member's perceptions of alliance to the group as a whole at a later point ...
Nosewicz Tomasz L TL Department of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology, Kantonsspital Baselland Liestal, Liestal, - - 2014
Varus and valgus talar tilt in weight-bearing ankles can be explained by loss of peritalar stability allowing the talus to shift and rotate on the calcaneal and navicular surfaces. Little is known about the underlying destabilization process or the resulting talar malpositions. The purpose of this study was to determine ...
Pullan Mark M Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital, Liverpool, - - 2014
To determine if on- or off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) makes a difference to in-hospital mortality and long-term survival in obese patients. Analysis of consecutive patients on a validated prospective cardiac surgery database was performed for patients undergoing isolated CABG. Obesity was defined as a body mass index (BMI) ...
Carraway Marissa E ME 1 Department of Psychology, East Carolina University , Greenville, - - 2014
Abstract Background: Immersion treatment (IT) provided in a camp setting has been shown to promote short-term improvements in weight and health status in obese adolescents. However, evidence of IT's long-term efficacy and efficacy for multi-ethnic and lower socioeconomic status (SES) adolescents is limited. Methods: This was a cohort study with ...
Panagiotounakou P P NICU-General Hospital 'Agios Panteleimon', Piraeus, - - 2014
Objective:The use of peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICC lines) has reduced the mortality and morbidity of premature newborns. The usual sites of insertion are the veins in the upper arms but other locations are being used as well.Study Design:To examine whether using the axillary vein as a site of ...
Burgerhart Jan S JS Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584, CX, Utrecht, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is effective as a stand-alone bariatric procedure. Despite its positive effect with regard to weight loss and improvement of obesity-related co-morbidities, some patients develop gastroesophageal reflux symptoms postoperatively. The pathogenesis of these symptoms is not completely understood. Hence, this study aimed to assess the effect of ...
Koizumi Masaru M Department of Surgery, Jichi Medical University School of Medicine, Yakushiji 3311-1, Shimotsuke, Tochigi, 329-0498, - - 2014
Ghrelin may lead to weight gain by appetite stimulation. This prospective study investigated the association between weight loss and the ghrelin levels in patients after gastrectomy. Thirty-three males and eight females were enrolled in the study. The average age was 66 years. Measurements of the serum ghrelin level and an appetite ...
Lee Sangoh S Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery Unit, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital NHS Trust, London, UK, - - 2014
Different gastrojejunal anastomotic (GJA) techniques have been described in laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). There is conflicting data on whether one technique is superior to the other. We aimed to compare hand-sewn (HSA), circular-stapled (CSA) and linear-stapled (LSA) anastomotic techniques in terms of stricture rates and their impact on subsequent ...
Donini Lorenzo M LM Department of Experimental Medicine, Medical Pathophysiology, Food Science and Endocrinology Section, "Sapienza" University of Rome, P.le Aldo Moro, 5, 00185, Rome, Italy, - - 2014
Obesity is a chronic disease as well as a risk factor for cardiovascular, metabolic and osteoarticular diseases, affecting the psychosocial health and the quality of life. Recent evidence suggests that the adequate treatment of obesity should provide a multidimensional multidisciplinary approach including nutritional therapy, psycho-educational classes and physical reconditioning/motor rehabilitation. ...
Spivak Hadar H Department of Surgery C, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, 2 Sheba Rd., Tel Hashomer, 56261, Israel, - - 2014
The optimal size of bougie in laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the first-year outcome of LSG using two different sizes of bougies. This study used a single institute retrospective case-control study of two groups of patients. Group A (N = 66) underwent LSG ...
Lang Hayley M HM Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, - - 2014
Records were reviewed for 2 horses with partial glossectomy, 1 traumatic and 1 elective. According to long-term follow-up by telephone, both horses had recovered well, experiencing only temporary difficulty while eating, and went on to be ridden successfully using mouth bits. Partial glossectomy, therefore, had a favorable prognosis in 2 ...
Silva-Neto Epifanio Feitosa da EF Department of Nutrition, Federal University of Sergipe, Aracaju, SE, - - 2014
Background : The conventional treatment of obesity presents unsatisfactory results on weight loss and its long-term sustainability, therefore bariatric surgery has been suggested as an effective therapy, determining sustainable long-term weight loss, reversal of components of cardiometabolic risk and improved quality and life expectancy. Aim : To investigate the clinical ...
Azadi Ali A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Women's Health University of Louisville Louisville, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to compare the anatomical outcome of robotic sacrocolpopexy for pelvic organ prolapse in women with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 and higher to those with a BMI under 30. This is a retrospective chart review. POP-Q measurements preoperatively and 12 months postoperatively ...
Herman Katya M KM Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, McGill University, 475 Pine Ave W, Montreal, QC, H2W 1S4, Canada, - - 2014
Bariatric surgery patients often exhibit low levels of physical activity (PA), despite the presumed importance of PA as an adjunct to surgery for successful weight loss. Little is known regarding the associations of PA and sedentary behaviors to weight loss outcomes in the long term following surgery. The objective of ...
Jr Gildasio S De Oliveira GS Gildasio S De Oliveira Jr, Paul Fitzgerald, Shireen Ahmad, Rohit Rahangdale, Robert McCarthy, Department of Anesthesiology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, United - - 2014
To estimate an effect size for the transversus abdominis plane (TAP) infiltration on quality of recovery in patients undergoing laparoscopic gastric band surgery. The pilot study was a randomized, double blinded, placebo controlled trial. Patients undergoing laparoscopic gastric band surgery were randomized to receive a bilateral TAP infiltration with 20 ...
Gaszynski Tomasz T Department of Emergency and Disaster Medicine, Chair of Anesthesiology and Intensive Therapy, Medical University of Lodz, - - 2014
The open or laparoscopic procedure has an important influence on the hemodynamic function in morbidly obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery. The anesthesiologist and surgeon must be aware of changes in hemodynamic performance during laparoscopy or laparotomy under general anesthesia. TO EVALUATE AND COMPARE THE HEMODYNAMICS IN TWO TYPES OF SURGERY: ...
Gumbau Verónica V Esophago-gastric and Bariatric Surgery Unit, Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Consorcio Hospital General Universitario, Valencia, Spain, - - 2014
Different hormones and peptides involved in inflammation have been studied in and related to obesity. The aim of our work is to assess the variations of different molecules related to inflammation in obese patients during the first year following sleeve gastrectomy. This was a prospective study on patients who underwent ...
Limbach K E KE Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, - - 2014
African-Americans have been shown to have poorer weight loss outcomes after bariatric surgery, and many reasons for such outcomes have been postulated, including metabolic and genetic differences, socioeconomic factors, and differences in culture. African-Americans have also been noted to have differences from the majority population in other psychosocial correlates to ...
Petermann Julie J LUNAM Université, Oniris, Nantes-Atlantic College of Veterinary Medicine and Food Sciences and Engineering, F-44307 Nantes, France; Anses Niort Laboratory, French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety, F-79024 Niort, - - 2014
Preliminary results obtained in calves, lambs and goat kids infected by Cryptosporidium sp. have indicated a partial prophylactic efficacy of halofuginone lactate when administered at 100μg/kg body weight (BW). In this study, the efficacy of halofuginone lactate was evaluated in goat neonates experimentally inoculated with Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts per oral ...
McLaughlin Jeffrey R JR Kennedy Center @ Mercy Medical Center, Oshkosh, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an uncemented tapered femoral component in obese patients at a mean follow-up of 23years. We retrospectively reviewed 119 consecutive uncemented total hip arthroplasties in 105 obese patients using a tapered femoral component between 1983 and 1987. The mean body ...
Frohme Carsten - - 2014
Only limited data are available on the outcome of tension-free obturator tape (TOT) procedures in overweight and obese women. We would like to verify the objective and subjective outcomes of TOT in women with a higher body mass index (BMI). We evaluated the records of 116 patients who had undergone ...
Eid George M GM Division of Minimally Invasive Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania2Department of Veterans Affairs, Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Revisional laparoscopic surgery after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) has been linked to substantial complications and morbidity. OBJECTIVE To investigate the safety and effectiveness of endoscopic gastric plication with the StomaphyX device vs a sham procedure for revisional surgery in RYGB patients to reduce regained weight. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS ...
Schneider David F DF Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine how the timing of thyroidectomy influenced postoperative weight change. We conducted a two-institution study, identifying patients treated with total thyroidectomy for hyperthyroidism. Patients were classified as 'early' if they were referred for surgery as the first treatment option, or 'delayed' if they ...
Helmiö M M Division of Digestive Surgery and Urology, Turku University Hospital, Turku, - - 2014
The long-term efficacy of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in the treatment of morbid obesity has already been demonstrated. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy has shown promising short-term results, but the long-term efficacy is still unclear. The aim of this prospective randomized multicenter study is to compare the results of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass ...
Rogge Barbara P BP Department of Heart Disease, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
We tested the hypothesis that the disproportionate increase of body surface area in obesity may lead to the overestimation of aortic stenosis (AS) severity when the aortic valve area (AVA) is indexed (AVAI) for body surface area in 1,524 patients enrolled in the Simvastatin and Ezetimibe in AS study. Obesity ...
French Simone A SA Division of Epidemiology & Community Health, School of Public Health, University of - - 2014
Objective: Examine the effect of weekday exposure over six months to different lunch sizes on energy intake and body weight in a free-living sample of working adults. Design and Methods: Adults (n=233) were randomly assigned to one of three lunch size groups (400 kcal; 800 kcal; 1600 kcal) or to ...
Koutourousiou Maria M Departments of Neurological - - 2014
Object Transclival endoscopic endonasal surgery (EES) has recently been used for the treatment of posterior fossa tumors. The optimal method of reconstruction of large clival defects following EES has not been established. Methods A morphometric analysis of the posterior fossa was performed in patients who underwent transclival EES to compare ...
Inoue Gen G *Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kitasato University, School of Medicine †Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University ‡Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Teikyo University Chiba Medical - - 2014
Retrospective. To investigate the risk factors for radiographic L5-S1 disk height reduction after lumbar posterolateral floating fusion surgery. We investigated data from 86 patients (45 men) who underwent posterolateral floating fusion surgery from 2007 to 2010. The follow-up was from 2 to 6 years. The mean age of the patients ...
Estay Camila C Colorectal Unit, Surgery Department, Clinica Las Condes, Lo Fontecilla 441, 7550000, Santiago, Chile, - - 2014
Laparoscopic colorectal surgery (LCRS) has several advantages over open surgery, but LCRS has been associated with a higher rate of postoperative complications (POCs) among obese patients [body mass index (BMI), ≥30 kg/m(2)]. The prevalence of obesity in Chile is increasing, up to 25.1 % in 2010, suggesting that a higher percentage of ...
Tzortzis Vassilios V University of Thessaly, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Larissa, - - 2014
The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the impact of stapling devices use on overweight and obese bladder cancer patients treated with radical cystectomy (RC). Fifty-two overweight and 24 obese patients underwent open RC for muscle invasive bladder cancer. Bladder removal was performed using standard suture technique (SST) ...
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