Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2827
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Giordano Salvatore - - 2013
Massive weight loss after bariatric surgery leads to excess skin with functional and aesthetic impairments. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of excess skin after bariatric surgery and identify any relationship with pre- and postoperative characteristics. A total of 360 patients who had undergone bariatric surgery procedures were ...
Ichikawa Daisuke - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Because the incidence of early gastric cancers has been increasing in Asian countries, postoperative quality of life has received considerable attention in addition to oncological outcomes. METHODS: Eighty-four patients with clinically early gastric cancers were enrolled in this retrospective study. Among them, 35 patients underwent total gastrectomy (TG) and ...
Beck John D - - 2013
PURPOSE: To determine function and complications after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) in obese patients compared with a control group of nonobese patients. METHODS: Between 2005 and 2011, we performed 76 RTSAs in 17 obese, 36 overweight, and 23 normal weight patients, based on World Health Organization body mass index ...
Thompson Christopher C - - 2013
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Weight regain or insufficient loss following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is common. This is partially attributable to dilatation of the gastrojejunostomy (GJ), which diminishes the restrictive capacity of RYGB. Endoluminal interventions for GJ reduction are being explored as alternatives to revision surgery. We performed a randomized, blinded, ...
Afshinnia Farsad F Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2013
Spontaneous renal artery dissection (SRAD) is a rare entity of unknown etiology. We aimed to study the clinical course and outcomes and compare the characteristics of patients with SRAD with those of the general population. All cases of isolated renal artery dissection diagnosed at the University of Michigan Hospitals between ...
Facchiano Enrico - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The presence of disturbed eating patterns can affect the short- and long-term outcomes after bariatric surgery. Data about the influence of preoperative eating patterns on outcomes after biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) are lacking. The aim of the present study was to assess the role of preoperative eating behavior in patients' ...
Höglund Johan - - 2013
A three-year trial was performed in south-western Sweden to compare animal performance and levels of parasite control in three grazing groups, each with 18-24 first-season grazing (FSG) calves in similar set-stocked pasture enclosures. These groups were subjected to: (1) no parasite control (NT), (2) monthly repeated doramectin (Dectomax(®)) injections (SP), ...
Tian Wenqiang - - 2013
To examine the association between body weight, therapy participation, and functional outcomes among people with spinal cord injury (SCI). Multisite prospective observational cohort study. Six acute rehabilitation facilities. Patients (N=1017) aged ≥12 years admitted for their initial rehabilitation after SCI. Not applicable. Motor FIM at inpatient rehabilitation discharge and 1 ...
Gallwitz B - - 2013
Linagliptin treatment for 104 weeks was recently reported to achieve non-inferior glucose-lowering effects compared with glimepiride in patients with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled with metformin. Additional analyses from this randomised, active-controlled, double-blind trial have been performed in individuals completing the study on study drug without requiring rescue therapy. In this ...
Bergqvist David - - 2013
Evaluation of: Beyer-Westendorf J, Lützner J, Donath L et al. Efficacy and safety of thromboprophylaxis with low-molecular-weight heparin or rivaroxaban in hip and knee replacement surgery. Findings from the ORTHO-TEP registry. Thromb. Haemost. 109(1), 154-163 (2013). From the ORTHO-TEP registry on joint replacement arthroplasty (hip and knee) from Dresden, Germany, ...
Li Ying - - 2013
: Four percent of children and adolescents in the United States are morbidly obese. Treatment for tibia vara includes proximal tibial osteotomy and correction with a Taylor Spatial Frame (TSF). There are no reports that specifically examine the success of this technique in morbidly obese adolescents. : A retrospective review ...
Holmes George B GB - - 2013
Hallux valgus is a common foot ailment causing pain and disability, and correction of the intermetatarsal angle (IMA) deformity is often accomplished using a first metatarsal distal or proximal osteotomy. These osteotomies can be technically challenging and may lead to complications such as loss of fixation, shortening of the first ...
Radcliff Kris K Rothman Institute, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA. - - 2013
Subgroup analysis of a prospective, randomized database. Reoperation due to recurrence of index level pathology or adjacent segment disease is a common clinical problem. Despite multiple studies on the incidence of reoperation, there have been few comparative studies establishing risk factors for reoperation after spinal stenosis surgery. The hypothesis of ...
Busetto Luca - - 2013
Long-term studies reporting the effects of bariatric surgery on cardiovascular risk factors and events are scarce. The aim of this study was to analyze reduction of multiple cardiovascular risk factors and rates of coronary events in morbidly obese patients treated with bariatric surgery and with>10 years of follow-up. This was ...
Espinosa-de-Los-Monteros Ana Laura - - 2013
Objectives: Resolution of all the clinical consequences of hypercortisolism is not always achieved in patients with Cushing's disease (CD) after successful surgery. Our purpose was to integrally evaluate a group of CD patients cured by pituitary surgery, looking for persistence of symptoms, signs, and comorbidities of the disease.Methods: Clinical and ...
Yezhelyev Max - - 2013
: The latissimus dorsi flap (LDF) remains a widely used technique for postmastectomy autologous tissue breast reconstruction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of body mass index (BMI) on flap and donor-site complications in patients undergoing LDF reconstruction. METHODS: All patients at Emory University Hospital between ...
Schouten Ruben - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is a standard restrictive bariatric procedure. Previous studies have shown that patients lost to follow-up do worse than patients who remain in follow-up. However, it is unknown if this is purely because of a lack of band adjustments. The aim of this study was ...
Angrisani Luigi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity independently increase cardiovascular risk, while even modest weight loss can result in clinically significant improvements in cardiovascular risk and reduce long-term mortality. Lowering the body mass index (BMI) threshold for bariatric surgery to those with moderate obesity might be one way to lower the burden of ...
Bretault Marion - - 2013
Objectives:Craniopharyngiomas are rare low-grade tumors located in the hypothalamic or/and the pituitary region. Hypothalamic involvement and treatment resulting in hypothalamic damage are known to lead to development of "hypothalamic" obesity (HyOb) in 50% of cases. The management of HyOb, associated with eating disorders and rapid comorbidities, is an important issue. ...
Jayasekera Narlaka - - 2013
Hip arthroscopy provides a less invasive alternative to arthrotomy and has the potential for more rapid rehabilitation. Few guidelines exist for rehabilitation after hip arthroscopic surgery. However, these are not corroborated with evidence of objective outcome measures. In particular, the period for which crutches should be used is imprecisely explained, ...
Wang Biao B Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, - - 2013
Although many studies have evaluated the impact of obesity on various medical treatments, it is not known whether obesity is related to late mortality with implantation of small aortic prostheses. This study evaluated the effect of obesity on the late survival of patients after aortic valve replacement (AVR) with implantation ...
Valezi Antonio Carlos - - 2013
BACKGROUND: By submitting obese people to surgical treatment, we hope they lose weight and stay slim. Long-term monitoring is essential to assess effectiveness of surgery. This study aims to evaluate weight loss over 10 years in an obese population undergoing banded Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (B-RYGBP). METHODS: The surgery was performed in ...
Genco Alfredo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is the comparison of a new intragastric balloon recently introduced, the Adjustable Balloon System (ABS), with the BioEnterics intragastric balloon (BIB) in terms of tolerance, safety, and weight loss parameters. METHODS: A case-control study was done: 40 patients were matched with 80 controls. To ...
Sdralis El - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Increased visceral adipose tissue is a risk factor for the metabolic complications associated with obesity and promotes a low-grade chronic inflammatory process. Resection of the great omentum in patients submitted to a bariatric procedure has been proposed for the amelioration of metabolic alterations and the maximization of weight loss. ...
Carron Michele - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Morbidly obese (MO) patients are at increased risk for postoperative anesthesia-related complications. We evaluated the role of sugammadex versus neostigmine in the quality of recovery from profound rocuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade (NMB) in patients with morbid obesity. METHODS: We studied 40 female MO patients who received desflurane and remifentanil anesthesia ...
Valezi Antonio Carlos - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to assess predictors for new-onset stone formers after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP). METHODS: One hundred and fifty-one obese patients underwent RYGBP and were followed for 1 year. The analysis comprised two study time points: preoperative (T0) and 1 year after surgery (T1). They were analyzed ...
Goyal Vinay - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Gastric bypass is the "gold standard" procedure of bariatric surgery. However, 20.4-34.9 % of these patients may fail to achieve or maintain the weight loss on long-term follow-up and may require additional procedures. StomaphyX™ has been promoted for weight reduction in such patients. OBJECTIVES: To study whether endoluminal reduction of ...
Thompson Scott A J - - 2013
Indications for UKA for isolated osteoarthritis of the knee remain controversial. Two hundred twenty-nine UKA that were performed at our institution were evaluated for which factors were associated with a poor outcome. BMI >35 was correlated with lower KSS scores than patients with BMI <35. In contrast to prior reports, ...
Vargas C B - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a pathologic condition that causes functional incapacity, with reduction of quality of life and life expectancy and an increase in mortality. Bariatric surgery is indicated to alleviate associated comorbidities and increase physical capacity. The objective of this work was to evaluate the functional capacity of patients with ...
Tschoner A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Pronounced weight loss after bariatric surgery was demonstrated to have significant beneficial effects on surrogates of early atherosclerosis. Aim of this prospective examination was to investigate whether these improvements of endothelial function and vascular structure are persistent in the long-term. DESIGN AND METHODS: 52 obese adults were examined before ...
Kushnir Vitaly A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to determine whether small diameter needles for oocyte retrieval alter oocyte yields in patients undergoing IVF in comparison to standard large diameter needles. METHODS: We conducted a prospective pilot study of 21 consecutive favorable prognosis patients. In each patient one ovary was randomly allocated to ...
Fuller Nicholas R - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: There are limited controlled data for intragastric balloons (IGB) in obesity treatment. This randomised, controlled study evaluated the efficacy and safety of an IGB in obese individuals with metabolic syndrome (MS). DESIGN AND METHODS: 66 adults (BMI:30-40kg/m(2) ) were randomised to IGB for 6 months, with a 12 month ...
Mion François - - 2013
The goal of this study was to evaluate the safety and the impact on weight loss of a new swallowable gastric balloon. In this prospective pilot study, 17 overweight or obese patients were included. Up to three balloons were ingested under fluoroscopic control. All balloons were removed by upper GI ...
de Werra Carlo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Despite progress made in the control of post-operative infections, the incidence of surgical site infections (SSIs) is still high. An improper perioperative antibiotic use can expose patients to the risk of resistant microorganisms, and, in surgical obese patients, the drug dosage and infusion time are critical points. The aim ...
Issa Kimona - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes of primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in obese and nonobese patients. A total of 210 knees in 174 obese patients who had a mean body mass index (BMI) of 34 kg/m2 (range, 30 to 39.9 kg/m2) and ...
Tsuiki Satoru - - 2013
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Oral appliances are increasingly prescribed for patients with moderate obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) instead of nasal continuous positive airway pressure. However, the efficacy of oral appliances varies greatly. We hypothesized that oral appliances were not efficacious in moderate OSA patients who were obese with oropharyngeal crowding. METHODS: Japanese ...
Zhuang Jianhui - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that overweight and obesity, expressed as high body mass index (BMI), are associated with the development of atrial fibrillation (AF) and quality of life (QoL) in AF patients. However, the role of high BMI as a risk factor for prognosis and QoL in AF patients ...
Szmuk Peter - - 2013
BACKGROUND:The VeinViewer (Luminetx, Memphis, TN) helps identify veins by projecting an image of subcutaneous vasculature on the skin surface. We tested the primary hypothesis that VeinViewer use improves cannulation success by skilled nurses in pediatric patients with anticipated difficult IV access. A secondary goal was to evaluate the relationship between ...
Dias A S - - 2013
Biological control with the use of nematophagous fungi has been described very successfully by many authors and presents itself as a complementary control method, acting on the free-living forms of helminths. The efficacy of a formulation containing the fungus Pochonia chlamydosporia in controlling Fasciola hepatica eggs in faeces was evaluated ...
Cunneen Scott A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the Realize Band (RB) adopted a precurved design (RB-C). We present 2-year outcomes data from the first multiinstitutional study of RB-C. The objective of this study was to analyze weight loss and safety data from bariatric practices in the United States, including academic, nonacademic, public, and private. ...
Flythe Jennifer E JE Renal Division, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. - - 2013
Rapid ultrafiltration rate is associated with increased mortality among hemodialysis patients. Ultrafiltration rates are determined by interdialytic weight gain and session length. Although both interdialytic weight gain and session length have been linked to mortality, the relationship of each to mortality, independent of the other, is not adequately defined. This ...
Lin Hsi-Hsien - - 2013
Adhesive capsulitis is commonly associated with medical diseases such as diabetes mellitus, hyperthyroidism, and obesity. Intra-articular injection has been used to speed recovery and relieve pain associated with frozen shoulder. In this study, we evaluated and compared the effects of an intra-articular injection of corticosteroid and lidocaine in the treatment ...
Langer F B - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Weight regain (WR) occurs in some patients after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP). Loss of restriction due to dilation of the gastrojejunostomy (GJS) or the gastric pouch might be the main cause for WR. With different techniques available for the establishment of the GJS, the surgical technique might influence ...
McElroy Mark J - - 2013
The negative effects of obesity following total joint arthroplasty, such as increased morbidity and mortality, have been well documented in literature. However, little is known about whether specific body mass indices can be used as cutoffs to determine which patients are most at risk for having a poor postoperative outcome. ...
Vilallonga Ramon - - 2013
Abstract Introduction: Follow-up of obese patient is difficult. There is no literature related to patient follow-up that incorporates the concept of Internet of Things (IoT), use of WiFi, Internet, or portable devices for this purpose. Material and methods: This prospective observational study commenced in June 2011. Patients were prospectively offered ...
Pereira Silvia - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the nutritional status of vitamin A (VA) using biochemical and functional indicators in subjects with class III obesity, before and after RYGB, supplemented with three protocols. METHODS: The sample comprised 90 patients, with BMI ≥40 kg/m2, divided into three groups: G1 that received routine supplementation ...
Abdul-Muhsin Haidar - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the perioperative and pathological outcomes associated with robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) in morbidly obese men. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2008 and March 2012, 3041 patients underwent RARP at our institution by a single surgeon (V.P.). In all, 44 patients were considered morbidly obese with a body ...
Leeman M F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Super-obese patients in NHS Lothian during 2009-2010 were offered the intragastric balloon to assist with weight loss prior to definitive bariatric surgery along with participation in a structured weight management programme. Those who declined balloon placement continued to receive weight management alone (WM). The aim of this study was ...
Abrahamsson Niclas - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is produced in the heart in response to stretching of the myocardium. BNP levels are negatively correlated to obesity, and in obese subjects, a reduced BNP responsiveness has been described. Diet-induced weight loss has been found to lower or to have no effect on BNP ...
Ponzani P - - 2013
Aim: The rising adoption of liraglutide in clinical practice calls for an update on its long-term effectiveness and safety. The aims of this paper were to review characteristics of patients treated with liraglutide under routine clinical practice conditions, to describe therapeutic schemes, to assess the durability of liraglutide after two ...
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