Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2850
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McNair Peter - - 2013
We compared the effects of a non-weight bearing protocol (NWB) and a weight bearing (WB) protocol on energy stored, stiffness, and shock absorption in the plantar flexor muscle-tendon unit of patients managed non-operatively following an Achilles tendon rupture. Thirty-eight subjects were randomized to a WB cast fitted with a Bohler ...
Liang Xue - - 2013
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is an independent predictor of morbidity and mortality in chronic hemodialysis (CHD) patients. It remains unclear whether efforts to correct fluid overload in young CHD can reverse LVH. This prospective single-center cohort study evaluated left ventricular masses index (LVMI) evolution in fluid overloaded young CHD patients ...
Mundi Manpreet S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity is 33 % and is expected to reach 50 % based on current US trends. Bariatric surgery is effective in producing long-term weight loss, yet it requires adherence to the recommended diet and physical activity. This study assessed whether the short-form International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ-SF) data ...
Al Falah Haitham M - - 2013
To report experience with laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) in obese, morbidly obese, and super morbid obese patients, and to evaluate comparative efficacy of LSG among these patient groups. A total of 147 patients underwent LSG between March 2008 and December 2011 at the Department of Surgery, King Saud Medical City, ...
Kandil Abdurrahman - - 2013
The number of total joint arthroplasties (TJAs) in the United States has steadily increased during the past 2 decades. The prevalence of obesity has also increased during the same time period and has become a major public health issue. The relationship between TJA and weight change is therefore increasingly important ...
Nuthalapaty Francis S - - 2013
Objective: To compare wound complications after Caesarean section in the obese patient, following early versus delayed skin staple removal. Methods: We conducted a single-centre, non-inferiority, randomized controlled trial. Following Caesarean section, obese women (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)) with subcutaneous wound depth ≥ 2.0 cm and skin staple closure of a ...
McDermott Colleen D - - 2013
Objectives: Obesity can predispose women to pelvic organ prolapse and can also affect the success of pelvic organ prolapse surgery. The purpose of this study was to compare the postoperative anatomical outcomes following sacral colpopexy (SC) and transvaginal mesh colpopexy in a group of obese women with pelvic organ prolapse. ...
C─âtoi Adriana Florinela - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to evaluate nitric oxide (NO) metabolites (nitrite/nitrate NO x ) as proinflammatory parameter and total oxidant status (TOS) as well as total antioxidant response (TAR) as oxidative stress (OS) markers in morbidly obese (MO) patients in comparison with normal-weight healthy (NWH) subjects and ...
Bekheit Mohamed - - 2013
Surgical interventions have proven to be more effective than other measures in the treatment of morbid obesity. The short-term outcomes of the various surgical interventions have been well documented in the literature, with fewer reports on long-term outcomes. The reported long-term outcome of the vertical-banded gastroplasty (VBG) is conflicting. The ...
Kant Prashant - - 2013
Objective: We tested the hypothesis that sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is not associated with an increase in mucosal CRC biomarkers, unlike Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Design and Methods: Rectal mucosa, blood and urine were obtained from morbidly obese patients (n=23) before and after (median 28 months) SG, as well as from ...
Agrawal Varun - - 2013
Calcium oxalate (CaOx) nephrolithiasis is an adverse effect of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB). It is unknown when the increased risk for CaOx stone formation occurs after surgery. We studied 13 morbidly obese adults undergoing RYGB with 24-hour urine collections at 4 weeks before and 1, 2, 4, and 6 ...
Hoffmeister Paul A - - 2013
Although nutritional status may adversely affect various health outcomes, the relationship of anthropometry to outcomes after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) has not been fully studied in children. We analyzed the impact of pre-HCT body mass index (BMI), arm-muscle-area, and arm-fat-area on HCT outcomes in 733 patients aged 2-18 years who ...
Neumann Claas L - - 2013
Abstract Lacking compliance with liquid intake restrictions is one of the major problems in patients on hemodialysis and causes an increased mortality. In 120 patients on hemodialysis with an average interdialytic weight gain (IWG) exceeding 1.5 kg on at least 2 days during the 4 weeks preceding the intervention, the effect ...
Dhakal Binod - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for increased perioperative morbidity and mortality in surgical patients. There have been limited studies to correlate the morbidity of lung cancer resection with obesity. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of patients who underwent surgical resection for lung cancer at the Medical College of ...
Miranda William R - - 2013
Obesity is a risk factor for heart failure (HF), but the benefit of weight loss in HF is unknown. We assessed the effects of bariatric surgery (BSx) compared to non-operative treatment for morbid obesity on overall quality of life (QoL), functional capacity, and symptoms in 13 HF patients undergoing BSx ...
Sotomi Yohei - - 2013
AIMS: Although several prognostic factors for atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after catheter ablation (CA) have been reported, predictors of very late recurrence (VLR; initial recurrence >12 months after ablation) remain unidentified. This study investigated clinical variables predictive of VLR after CA for AF.METHODS AND RESULTS: This retrospective single-centre cohort study ...
Wang Sen - - 2013
Bariatric surgery is now widely accepted for treatment of morbid obesity. This study compared the effects of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) on excess weight loss (EWL) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). PubMed and Embase were searched for publications concerning LAGB and LSG from ...
McGorrian Catherine - - 2013
Overweight and obesity are common health risks, but it can be difficult to effect weight change. This randomized controlled trial examined the effects of a novel Cookery skills intervention on body mass index (BMI) in overweight and obese patients with cardiovascular disease, who had previously attended a cardiac rehabilitation programme. ...
Acebes Carlos - - 2013
Objective. Although clinical reports have described medial meniscal subluxation (MMS) in knee OA, few controlled studies have used dynamic US to examine the potential impact of MMS on OA. The aim of this study was to assess MMS in patients with knee OA and in asymptomatic controls by US in ...
Vanuytsel Tim T Translational Research Center for Gastrointestinal Disorders, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, University of Leuven, Leuven, - - 2013
Endoscopic injection of botulinum toxin (BTX) has shown benefits for patients with diffuse esophageal spasm (DES) and nutcracker esophagus (NE) in small uncontrolled trials. We investigated the effect of BTX on symptoms of patients with DES or NE and assessed manometry findings in a prospective, double-blind, randomized, controlled study. We ...
Park Seung Wan - - 2013
Severe obesity is a major problem in pediatric craniopharyngioma. We investigated whether tumor origin, growth pattern, and surgical damage predict obesity in pediatric craniopharyngioma. Subjects were 58 patients (30 males) with no tumor recurrence during the first postoperative 18 months. Preoperative hypothalamic involvement was classified into no (pre_G0, n = 19), little (pre_G1, ...
Seddiek Shaker A - - 2013
Sarcoptes scabiei var. cuniculi is one of the most important veterinary ectoparasites in rabbits and results in considerable loss of weight, productivity, and wool quality. The acaricidal activity of aqueous leaf extract of neem (CAN) and ivermectin (IVR) were evaluated in vitro and in vivo against S. scabiei var. cuniculi. ...
Sahin Füsun - - 2013
We aimed to investigate the relationship between radiological extent and serum biochemical changes and body mass index (BMI) in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and pneumonia and to determine the usefulness of C-reactive protein (CRP) in clinical discriminative diagnosis. One hundred fifteen patients with tuberculosis (group 1), 70 patients with ...
Giordano Salvatore - - 2013
Massive weight loss after bariatric surgery leads to excess skin with functional and aesthetic impairments. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of excess skin after bariatric surgery and identify any relationship with pre- and postoperative characteristics. A total of 360 patients who had undergone bariatric surgery procedures were ...
Ichikawa Daisuke - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Because the incidence of early gastric cancers has been increasing in Asian countries, postoperative quality of life has received considerable attention in addition to oncological outcomes. METHODS: Eighty-four patients with clinically early gastric cancers were enrolled in this retrospective study. Among them, 35 patients underwent total gastrectomy (TG) and ...
Beck John D - - 2013
PURPOSE: To determine function and complications after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) in obese patients compared with a control group of nonobese patients. METHODS: Between 2005 and 2011, we performed 76 RTSAs in 17 obese, 36 overweight, and 23 normal weight patients, based on World Health Organization body mass index ...
Thompson Christopher C - - 2013
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Weight regain or insufficient loss following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is common. This is partially attributable to dilatation of the gastrojejunostomy (GJ), which diminishes the restrictive capacity of RYGB. Endoluminal interventions for GJ reduction are being explored as alternatives to revision surgery. We performed a randomized, blinded, ...
Afshinnia Farsad F Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2013
Spontaneous renal artery dissection (SRAD) is a rare entity of unknown etiology. We aimed to study the clinical course and outcomes and compare the characteristics of patients with SRAD with those of the general population. All cases of isolated renal artery dissection diagnosed at the University of Michigan Hospitals between ...
Facchiano Enrico - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The presence of disturbed eating patterns can affect the short- and long-term outcomes after bariatric surgery. Data about the influence of preoperative eating patterns on outcomes after biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) are lacking. The aim of the present study was to assess the role of preoperative eating behavior in patients' ...
Höglund Johan - - 2013
A three-year trial was performed in south-western Sweden to compare animal performance and levels of parasite control in three grazing groups, each with 18-24 first-season grazing (FSG) calves in similar set-stocked pasture enclosures. These groups were subjected to: (1) no parasite control (NT), (2) monthly repeated doramectin (Dectomax(®)) injections (SP), ...
Tian Wenqiang - - 2013
To examine the association between body weight, therapy participation, and functional outcomes among people with spinal cord injury (SCI). Multisite prospective observational cohort study. Six acute rehabilitation facilities. Patients (N=1017) aged ≥12 years admitted for their initial rehabilitation after SCI. Not applicable. Motor FIM at inpatient rehabilitation discharge and 1 ...
Gallwitz B - - 2013
Linagliptin treatment for 104 weeks was recently reported to achieve non-inferior glucose-lowering effects compared with glimepiride in patients with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled with metformin. Additional analyses from this randomised, active-controlled, double-blind trial have been performed in individuals completing the study on study drug without requiring rescue therapy. In this ...
Bergqvist David - - 2013
Evaluation of: Beyer-Westendorf J, Lützner J, Donath L et al. Efficacy and safety of thromboprophylaxis with low-molecular-weight heparin or rivaroxaban in hip and knee replacement surgery. Findings from the ORTHO-TEP registry. Thromb. Haemost. 109(1), 154-163 (2013). From the ORTHO-TEP registry on joint replacement arthroplasty (hip and knee) from Dresden, Germany, ...
Li Ying - - 2013
: Four percent of children and adolescents in the United States are morbidly obese. Treatment for tibia vara includes proximal tibial osteotomy and correction with a Taylor Spatial Frame (TSF). There are no reports that specifically examine the success of this technique in morbidly obese adolescents. : A retrospective review ...
Radcliff Kris K Rothman Institute, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA. - - 2013
Subgroup analysis of a prospective, randomized database. Reoperation due to recurrence of index level pathology or adjacent segment disease is a common clinical problem. Despite multiple studies on the incidence of reoperation, there have been few comparative studies establishing risk factors for reoperation after spinal stenosis surgery. The hypothesis of ...
Holmes George B GB Jr Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. - - 2013
Hallux valgus is a common foot ailment causing pain and disability, and correction of the intermetatarsal angle (IMA) deformity is often accomplished using a first metatarsal distal or proximal osteotomy. These osteotomies can be technically challenging and may lead to complications such as loss of fixation, shortening of the first ...
Busetto Luca - - 2013
Long-term studies reporting the effects of bariatric surgery on cardiovascular risk factors and events are scarce. The aim of this study was to analyze reduction of multiple cardiovascular risk factors and rates of coronary events in morbidly obese patients treated with bariatric surgery and with>10 years of follow-up. This was ...
Espinosa-de-Los-Monteros Ana Laura - - 2013
Objectives: Resolution of all the clinical consequences of hypercortisolism is not always achieved in patients with Cushing's disease (CD) after successful surgery. Our purpose was to integrally evaluate a group of CD patients cured by pituitary surgery, looking for persistence of symptoms, signs, and comorbidities of the disease.Methods: Clinical and ...
Yezhelyev Max - - 2013
: The latissimus dorsi flap (LDF) remains a widely used technique for postmastectomy autologous tissue breast reconstruction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of body mass index (BMI) on flap and donor-site complications in patients undergoing LDF reconstruction. METHODS: All patients at Emory University Hospital between ...
Schouten Ruben - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is a standard restrictive bariatric procedure. Previous studies have shown that patients lost to follow-up do worse than patients who remain in follow-up. However, it is unknown if this is purely because of a lack of band adjustments. The aim of this study was ...
Angrisani Luigi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity independently increase cardiovascular risk, while even modest weight loss can result in clinically significant improvements in cardiovascular risk and reduce long-term mortality. Lowering the body mass index (BMI) threshold for bariatric surgery to those with moderate obesity might be one way to lower the burden of ...
Bretault Marion - - 2013
Objectives:Craniopharyngiomas are rare low-grade tumors located in the hypothalamic or/and the pituitary region. Hypothalamic involvement and treatment resulting in hypothalamic damage are known to lead to development of "hypothalamic" obesity (HyOb) in 50% of cases. The management of HyOb, associated with eating disorders and rapid comorbidities, is an important issue. ...
Jayasekera Narlaka - - 2013
Hip arthroscopy provides a less invasive alternative to arthrotomy and has the potential for more rapid rehabilitation. Few guidelines exist for rehabilitation after hip arthroscopic surgery. However, these are not corroborated with evidence of objective outcome measures. In particular, the period for which crutches should be used is imprecisely explained, ...
Wang Biao B Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, - - 2013
Although many studies have evaluated the impact of obesity on various medical treatments, it is not known whether obesity is related to late mortality with implantation of small aortic prostheses. This study evaluated the effect of obesity on the late survival of patients after aortic valve replacement (AVR) with implantation ...
Valezi Antonio Carlos - - 2013
BACKGROUND: By submitting obese people to surgical treatment, we hope they lose weight and stay slim. Long-term monitoring is essential to assess effectiveness of surgery. This study aims to evaluate weight loss over 10 years in an obese population undergoing banded Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (B-RYGBP). METHODS: The surgery was performed in ...
Genco Alfredo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is the comparison of a new intragastric balloon recently introduced, the Adjustable Balloon System (ABS), with the BioEnterics intragastric balloon (BIB) in terms of tolerance, safety, and weight loss parameters. METHODS: A case-control study was done: 40 patients were matched with 80 controls. To ...
Sdralis El - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Increased visceral adipose tissue is a risk factor for the metabolic complications associated with obesity and promotes a low-grade chronic inflammatory process. Resection of the great omentum in patients submitted to a bariatric procedure has been proposed for the amelioration of metabolic alterations and the maximization of weight loss. ...
Carron Michele - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Morbidly obese (MO) patients are at increased risk for postoperative anesthesia-related complications. We evaluated the role of sugammadex versus neostigmine in the quality of recovery from profound rocuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade (NMB) in patients with morbid obesity. METHODS: We studied 40 female MO patients who received desflurane and remifentanil anesthesia ...
Valezi Antonio Carlos - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to assess predictors for new-onset stone formers after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP). METHODS: One hundred and fifty-one obese patients underwent RYGBP and were followed for 1 year. The analysis comprised two study time points: preoperative (T0) and 1 year after surgery (T1). They were analyzed ...
Goyal Vinay - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Gastric bypass is the "gold standard" procedure of bariatric surgery. However, 20.4-34.9 % of these patients may fail to achieve or maintain the weight loss on long-term follow-up and may require additional procedures. StomaphyX™ has been promoted for weight reduction in such patients. OBJECTIVES: To study whether endoluminal reduction of ...
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