Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2850
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Estes Chris S - - 2013
Prior studies have reported increased failure rates in obese patients with postoperative limb mal-alignment. This study was undertaken to determine if a relationship exists between postoperative limb alignment and BMI in patients undergoing primary TKA performed with mechanical instruments. An IRB-approved retrospective review of 196 knees was undertaken. Limb alignment ...
Sari Erhan - - 2013
The aim of the study to compare outcomes of flexible ureterorenoscopy in patients with different body mass index (BMI) scores and to explore whether the BMI has an effect on outcomes of RIRS. Five hundred and two patients who underwent flexible URS in 3 centers between 2008 and 2012 for ...
Cheung Lily K - - 2013
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass procedure is the most frequently performed bariatric surgery for the extremely obese in USA. However, the information about the effects of racial/ethnic differences, comorbidities, and medication use on weight loss outcomes is limited. The objectives of this study were to investigate if race/ethnicity, comorbidities, and medication use ...
Boban M - - 2013
Background: Cardiovascular diseases are a vast global health burden. Despite common prevalence, current knowledge and investigations concerning nutritional aspects are limited. Characteristics and dynamics of nutritional risk are not entirely known for most of the entities, disease stages or treatment-induced fluctuations. This study assessed the effects of heart surgery on ...
Weiner Rudolf - - 2013
Obesity and diabetes usually co-exist. Obesity surgery seems to offer solutions for both. The objective of this study was to show the effect of obesity surgery on the diabetic profile. Data on obesity surgery in Germany (2005-2011) were collected from the Institute of Quality Assurance at the research university. Follow-up ...
Schousboe John T - - 2013
There is controversy regarding the most appropriate strategy to prevent venous thromboembolism following total joint arthroplasty. Our objective was to estimate the lifetime costs, quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs), and costs per QALY gained using low-molecular-weight heparin compared with low-dose aspirin for two weeks after total knee or total hip arthroplasty in ...
Ravesloot M J L - - 2013
Studies have reported significant improvement of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in obese patients after bariatric surgery (BS). Weight loss following BS is rapid in the first few months, but it can take at least 1 year to reach the final result. The aim of this study is to measure the effect ...
Milone Marco - - 2013
Abstract Background: Laparoscopic intracorporeal suturing and knot tying for anastomosis are considered the most difficult laparoscopic skills to master. The aim of this study was to establish the safety and efficacy of barbed suture for intestinal sutures to close the gastrojejunal anastomosis in obese patients undergoing gastric bypass. Study Design: ...
Silva Maria Alayde Mendonça da - - 2013
To compare the frequency of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) in obese patients of the Brazilian Unified Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde - SUS) with indication of bariatric surgery during the preoperative period and after the sixth month and the first year of the procedure. An observational, longitudinal, prospective, and ...
Wang Biao - - 2013
Whether obesity is related to late mortality with implantation of small aortic prosthesis remains to be clarified. This study was aimed to evaluate the effect of obesity on late survival of patients after aortic valve replacement (AVR) with implantation of small aortic prosthesis (size <= 21 mm). From January 1998 ...
Naziri Qais - - 2013
Some studies have suggested that patients who are super obese (BMI > 50 kg/m(2)) may have poorer outcomes and more frequent complications when undergoing TKA compared with those who have lower BMI, however, the literature on this is scant. The purpose of this study was to compare a group of ...
Coban Gökçen - - 2013
Studies to date have not investigated whether body mass index (BMI) affects the sensitivity and specificity of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP). The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of BMI and also concomitant pancreatitis, cholecystitis and cholelithiasis on the sensitivity and specificity of MRCP. Between January 2004 ...
Tai Chi-Ming - - 2013
The Bioenterics Intragastric Balloon (BIB) is effective for weight loss. However, comparisons of its effectiveness between groups with different body mass index (BMI) are rare. This study compared the effectiveness of BIB treatment in patients with BMI <32 kg/m(2) and those with BMI ≧32 kg/m(2) at the time of BIB removal and ...
Ballal Moez S - - 2013
We compared functional outcomes after primary hamstring-graft anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in patients with different body mass index (BMI) classes. Functional outcomes after ACL reconstruction were measured using the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and the Lysholm score. The procedures were carried out by a single surgeon ...
Loy John J JJ NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, New York. Electronic address: - - 2013
Life expectancy is increasing, with more elderly people categorized as obese. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) on patients aged ≥70 years. This was a retrospective analysis of patients aged ≥70 years who underwent LAGB at our university hospital between ...
Barrington Michael J - - 2013
Local anesthetic systemic toxicity (LAST) is a potentially life-threatening complication of local anesthetic administration. In this article, the results of the Australian and New Zealand Registry of Regional Anaesthesia were analyzed to determine if ultrasound-guided peripheral nerve blockade (PNB) was associated with a reduced risk of LAST compared with techniques ...
Uffort Ekong - - 2013
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is gaining popularity as a standalone procedure for the surgical treatment of obesity in the superobese because of higher failure with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. We report a single-institution experience with LSG as the procedure of choice in all obese groups and comparing weight loss in the ...
Abilés V - - 2013
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) in the success of postoperative weight loss after 2 years of CB. Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted in consecutive patients with morbid obesity aged between 18 and 59 yrs and enrolled in the bariatric surgery program of the ...
Nagarajan Vijaiganesh - - 2013
Obese patients have been noted to have better prognosis in many conditions including heart failure. We hypothesize that this favorable prognosis for obesity may not be seen in patients with morbid obesity and advanced heart failure. A total of 501 consecutive patients with advanced heart failure referred for heart transplant ...
Schwartz Julie J NutriWell Coaching, Johns Creek, Georgia, United - - 2013
D.S. presented to a medical and surgical weight-loss program to initiate bariatric surgery. He had made numerous attempts at weight loss to no avail and was taking steps toward bariatric surgery as a last viable option. D.S.'s health insurance provider required 3 months of supervised weight loss prior to approval ...
El-Sherbini Nevine N Department of Nutrition and Dietetics1 and Imperial College Kidney and Transplant Centre,2 Hammersmith Hospital, London, - - 2013
Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS), a rare but serious complication of long-term PD, is characterized by nausea, abdominal pain, weight loss, anorexia, and constipation. It can cause a significant deterioration in a patient's nutrition status. In the present study we examined changes in nutrition status and outcomes for patients with EPS ...
DeVore Stephanie S Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, - - 2013
Weight loss is an effective treatment for children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), but it is extremely difficult to achieve outside of an intensive weight management program. We hypothesized that one can achieve success in improving NAFLD and weight-related outcomes in a structured and focused multidisciplinary clinical program feasible ...
Steinert Robert E - - 2013
Objective: Increased delivery of bile acid salts (BA) to distal L-cells and altered TGR5 receptor activation may contribute to the early and substantial increases in gut peptide secretion seen after bariatric surgery. To further elucidate a potential role of BA in the secretion of GLP-1 and PYY, we analyzed plasma ...
Yang Shi-Feng - - 2013
Data of the patients receiving open surgical Tenkchoff straight catheter insertion in our department from January 2005 to January 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. The 117 patients in whom PDC insertion was conducted with the guidance of guide wire were enrolled into group A, and the 121 cases receiving PDC insertion ...
Price Hilary I - - 2013
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) results in significant, sustainable weight loss in obese individuals (body mass index (BMI) ≥40 kg/m(2) or BMI 35.0-39.9 kg/m(2) with major comorbidity). Average clinically expected % excess weight loss (%EWL) has been reported to be 56.1 % 1 year after LSG. Unrealistic weight loss expectations are purported to negatively impact ...
Robertson Elaine V EV Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United - - 2013
In the West, a substantial proportion of subjects with adenocarcinoma of the gastric cardia and gastroesophageal junction have no history of reflux. We studied the gastroesophageal junction in asymptomatic volunteers with normal and large waist circumferences (WCs) to determine if central obesity is associated with abnormalities that might predispose individuals ...
Edholm David - - 2013
Gastric banding (GB) and vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) may result in unsatisfactory weight loss or intolerable side effects. Such outcomes are potential indications for additional bariatric surgery, and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is frequently used at such revisions (rRYGB). The present study examined long-term results of rRYGB. In total, 175 patients ...
Katzel Evan B - - 2013
While a cause and effect relationship is traditionally thought to exist between thigh surgery and postoperative lymphedema, the link between obesity-related lymphatic and/or venous disease and post-body contouring lower extremity edema has not been investigated. We hypothesize that patients who experience prolonged lower extremity edema following thigh surgery are predisposed ...
McKee Heather - - 2013
Objectives : To investigate the differences in the contributing factors involved in weight maintenance success and failure. Design : Semi-structured interviews were conducted with both successful and unsuccessful weight maintainers. Eighteen participants were recruited (16 women), nine of who had lost 10% of their body weight and maintained this weight ...
Victorzon Mikael - - 2013
Many studies of short-term to mid-term outcomes after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) have been published, but reliable long-term outcome reports with a minimum follow up ≥10 years in a sufficient number of included patients are still scarce. The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term results after ...
Cushing Christopher C - - 2013
Initial outcome studies have reported that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is safe and efficacious for adolescents with extreme obesity. Although rapid weight loss is seen initially, data also show that modest weight regain typically occurs as early as the second postoperative year. The contribution of various psychological factors, including hedonic ...
Roerig James L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery such as the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) is currently used as a treatment for severe obesity. Alteration of the gastrointestinal tract by this procedure suggests a potential for clinically significant alterations in the bioavailability of ingested medications including antidepressants. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this trial was to ...
Barrett Mary M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical and pathologic features of women undergoing labioplasty for labia minora hypertrophy (LH) and to determine whether localized lymphedema plays a role in its pathogenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective case series of consecutive cases of labioplasties performed for LH was retrieved from a 10-year period. ...
Censani Marisa - - 2013
Objective: To determine the frequency of Melanocortin4 Receptor (MC4R) mutations in morbidly obese adolescents undergoing bariatric surgery and compareweight loss outcomesin patients with and without mutations. Design and Methods: In this prospective cohort study, 135 adolescent patients evaluated for bariatric surgery were screened for MC4R mutations; 56 had 12 month ...
Soto Flavia C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Previously, we demonstrated the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery in patients over 65 years of age. The aim of this study is to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of this procedure as a final step for treatment of morbid obesity in the same population. METHODS: A retrospective ...
Adegbola Samuel - - 2013
Recently, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) panel approved laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) in patients with a body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m(2) and related co-morbidities. To our knowledge there is no systematic review assessing LAGB in this group. The objective of this study was to analyze the use ...
Gardner Glendon Michael - - 2013
To determine the added cost of care and analyze risk factors in patients who suffered vocal fold paralysis (VFP) after thyroid surgery. Retrospective cohort study. Seventy-six patients who developed unilateral or bilateral VFP after thyroidectomy from 2005 through 2009, and a control group of 238 patients who underwent the same ...
Rajgopal R - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the complications and outcomes of total hip replacement (THR) in super-obese patients (body mass index (BMI) > 50 kg/m(2)) compared with class I obese (BMI 30 to 34.9 kg/m(2)) and normal-weight patients (BMI 18.5 to 24.9 kg/m(2)), as defined by the World Health ...
Koshino Yuki - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate myocardial mechanics in obese subjects using 2D-speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE). 63 obese individuals, including 28 who underwent bariatric surgery for weight loss (BMI 51 ± 9 kg/m(2) ) and 35 managed conservatively (BMI 43 ± 7 kg/m(2) ) were included. Changes in ...
Pajecki Denis - - 2013
To evaluate the results of the use of liraglutide in a group of patients undergoing surgical treatment of morbid obesity with unsatisfactory weight loss or regain of more than 15% of minimum reached weight. The authors conducted a retrospective analysis of 15 operated patients who had excess weight loss <50% ...
Michaelson Robert R Northwest Weight Loss Surgery, Everett, Washington, - - 2013
The goal of this study was to examine the safety and effectiveness of the LAP-BAND System for patients with 30-39.9 BMI and associated comorbidities. In this prospective, multicenter, interventional cohort study, subjects with a BMI between 30 and 39.9 who had failed prior weight loss attempts were recruited from 7 ...
Krpata David M - - 2013
Bariatric surgery patients enter into a catabolic state postoperatively, which can lead to an aberrant wound healing process. To improve the future treatment of morbidly obese patients, the aim of our study was to understand the link between bariatric surgery and alterations in the wound healing processes. A total of ...
Jansson Stefan Po - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are growing public health problems in high income countries and is now growing at a dramatic pace in low and middle income countries, particularly in urban settings. The aim of this trial was to examine the effects of a weight reduction program in adults and to ...
Aftab Hira - - 2013
Few long-term reports with high rates of follow-up are available after gastric bypass. We report changes in weight, co-morbidity, cardiovascular risk, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) 5 years after gastric bypass. Patients who had gastric bypass (2004-2006) were included. Prospective data were reviewed. Long-term complications, cardiovascular risk factors, and ...
Weidinger Felix - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (AFib) is common in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Little information is available concerning AFib following minimally invasive cardiac surgery. The aim of our study was to assess the incidence of AFib after totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass (TECAB) grafting and to investigate the factors ...
Pösö Tomi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Preoperative venous return (VR) optimization and adequate blood volume is essential in management of morbidly obese patients (MO) in order to avoid perioperative circulatory instability. In this study, all subjects underwent a preoperative 3-week preparation by rapid-weight-loss-diet (RWL) as part of their treatment program for bariatric surgery. METHODS: This ...
Yagi Mitsuru - - 2013
BACKGROUND CONTEXT:: Combined anterior/posterior (A/P) spinal fusion with instrumentation has been used for many years in the treatment of adult thoracolumbar and lumbar (TL/L) scoliosis. However, the risk factors for complications and poor clinical outcomes with this procedure are not well known. PURPOSE:: To assess the risk factors for poor ...
Klein Erin E - - 2013
Introduction. High body mass index (BMI) has been implicated as an etiologic agent in Achilles tendonitis (AT) and may contribute to poorer treatment outcomes. The purpose of this study was to better elucidate the role of BMI in both the development and treatment of AT. Methods. A matched case-control (1:1) ...
Wang Biao - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Although many studies have evaluated the impacts of obesity on various medical treatments, it is not known whether obesity is related to late mortality with implantation of small aortic prosthesis. This study evaluated the effect of obesity on late survival of patients after aortic valve replacement (AVR) with implantation ...
Liljensøe Anette A Orthopaedic Research Unit, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark. - - 2013
Obesity contributes much to the development of knee osteoarthritis. However, the association between obesity and outcome after knee replacement is controversial. We investigated whether there was an association between the preoperative body mass index (BMI) of patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and their quality of life (QoL) and ...
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