Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2827
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Yang Shi-Feng - - 2013
Data of the patients receiving open surgical Tenkchoff straight catheter insertion in our department from January 2005 to January 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. The 117 patients in whom PDC insertion was conducted with the guidance of guide wire were enrolled into group A, and the 121 cases receiving PDC insertion ...
Price Hilary I - - 2013
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) results in significant, sustainable weight loss in obese individuals (body mass index (BMI) ≥40 kg/m(2) or BMI 35.0-39.9 kg/m(2) with major comorbidity). Average clinically expected % excess weight loss (%EWL) has been reported to be 56.1 % 1 year after LSG. Unrealistic weight loss expectations are purported to negatively impact ...
Robertson Elaine V EV Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United - - 2013
In the West, a substantial proportion of subjects with adenocarcinoma of the gastric cardia and gastroesophageal junction have no history of reflux. We studied the gastroesophageal junction in asymptomatic volunteers with normal and large waist circumferences (WCs) to determine if central obesity is associated with abnormalities that might predispose individuals ...
Edholm David - - 2013
Gastric banding (GB) and vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) may result in unsatisfactory weight loss or intolerable side effects. Such outcomes are potential indications for additional bariatric surgery, and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is frequently used at such revisions (rRYGB). The present study examined long-term results of rRYGB. In total, 175 patients ...
Katzel Evan B - - 2013
While a cause and effect relationship is traditionally thought to exist between thigh surgery and postoperative lymphedema, the link between obesity-related lymphatic and/or venous disease and post-body contouring lower extremity edema has not been investigated. We hypothesize that patients who experience prolonged lower extremity edema following thigh surgery are predisposed ...
McKee Heather - - 2013
Objectives : To investigate the differences in the contributing factors involved in weight maintenance success and failure. Design : Semi-structured interviews were conducted with both successful and unsuccessful weight maintainers. Eighteen participants were recruited (16 women), nine of who had lost 10% of their body weight and maintained this weight ...
Victorzon Mikael - - 2013
Many studies of short-term to mid-term outcomes after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) have been published, but reliable long-term outcome reports with a minimum follow up ≥10 years in a sufficient number of included patients are still scarce. The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term results after ...
Cushing Christopher C - - 2013
Initial outcome studies have reported that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is safe and efficacious for adolescents with extreme obesity. Although rapid weight loss is seen initially, data also show that modest weight regain typically occurs as early as the second postoperative year. The contribution of various psychological factors, including hedonic ...
Roerig James L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery such as the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) is currently used as a treatment for severe obesity. Alteration of the gastrointestinal tract by this procedure suggests a potential for clinically significant alterations in the bioavailability of ingested medications including antidepressants. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this trial was to ...
Barrett Mary M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical and pathologic features of women undergoing labioplasty for labia minora hypertrophy (LH) and to determine whether localized lymphedema plays a role in its pathogenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective case series of consecutive cases of labioplasties performed for LH was retrieved from a 10-year period. ...
Censani Marisa - - 2013
Objective: To determine the frequency of Melanocortin4 Receptor (MC4R) mutations in morbidly obese adolescents undergoing bariatric surgery and compareweight loss outcomesin patients with and without mutations. Design and Methods: In this prospective cohort study, 135 adolescent patients evaluated for bariatric surgery were screened for MC4R mutations; 56 had 12 month ...
Soto Flavia C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Previously, we demonstrated the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery in patients over 65 years of age. The aim of this study is to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of this procedure as a final step for treatment of morbid obesity in the same population. METHODS: A retrospective ...
Adegbola Samuel - - 2013
Recently, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) panel approved laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) in patients with a body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m(2) and related co-morbidities. To our knowledge there is no systematic review assessing LAGB in this group. The objective of this study was to analyze the use ...
Gardner Glendon Michael - - 2013
To determine the added cost of care and analyze risk factors in patients who suffered vocal fold paralysis (VFP) after thyroid surgery. Retrospective cohort study. Seventy-six patients who developed unilateral or bilateral VFP after thyroidectomy from 2005 through 2009, and a control group of 238 patients who underwent the same ...
Rajgopal R - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the complications and outcomes of total hip replacement (THR) in super-obese patients (body mass index (BMI) > 50 kg/m(2)) compared with class I obese (BMI 30 to 34.9 kg/m(2)) and normal-weight patients (BMI 18.5 to 24.9 kg/m(2)), as defined by the World Health ...
Koshino Yuki - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate myocardial mechanics in obese subjects using 2D-speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE). 63 obese individuals, including 28 who underwent bariatric surgery for weight loss (BMI 51 ± 9 kg/m(2) ) and 35 managed conservatively (BMI 43 ± 7 kg/m(2) ) were included. Changes in ...
Pajecki Denis - - 2013
To evaluate the results of the use of liraglutide in a group of patients undergoing surgical treatment of morbid obesity with unsatisfactory weight loss or regain of more than 15% of minimum reached weight. The authors conducted a retrospective analysis of 15 operated patients who had excess weight loss <50% ...
Michaelson Robert R Northwest Weight Loss Surgery, Everett, Washington, - - 2013
The goal of this study was to examine the safety and effectiveness of the LAP-BAND System for patients with 30-39.9 BMI and associated comorbidities. In this prospective, multicenter, interventional cohort study, subjects with a BMI between 30 and 39.9 who had failed prior weight loss attempts were recruited from 7 ...
Krpata David M - - 2013
Bariatric surgery patients enter into a catabolic state postoperatively, which can lead to an aberrant wound healing process. To improve the future treatment of morbidly obese patients, the aim of our study was to understand the link between bariatric surgery and alterations in the wound healing processes. A total of ...
Jansson Stefan Po - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are growing public health problems in high income countries and is now growing at a dramatic pace in low and middle income countries, particularly in urban settings. The aim of this trial was to examine the effects of a weight reduction program in adults and to ...
Aftab Hira - - 2013
Few long-term reports with high rates of follow-up are available after gastric bypass. We report changes in weight, co-morbidity, cardiovascular risk, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) 5 years after gastric bypass. Patients who had gastric bypass (2004-2006) were included. Prospective data were reviewed. Long-term complications, cardiovascular risk factors, and ...
Weidinger Felix - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (AFib) is common in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Little information is available concerning AFib following minimally invasive cardiac surgery. The aim of our study was to assess the incidence of AFib after totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass (TECAB) grafting and to investigate the factors ...
Pösö Tomi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Preoperative venous return (VR) optimization and adequate blood volume is essential in management of morbidly obese patients (MO) in order to avoid perioperative circulatory instability. In this study, all subjects underwent a preoperative 3-week preparation by rapid-weight-loss-diet (RWL) as part of their treatment program for bariatric surgery. METHODS: This ...
Yagi Mitsuru - - 2013
BACKGROUND CONTEXT:: Combined anterior/posterior (A/P) spinal fusion with instrumentation has been used for many years in the treatment of adult thoracolumbar and lumbar (TL/L) scoliosis. However, the risk factors for complications and poor clinical outcomes with this procedure are not well known. PURPOSE:: To assess the risk factors for poor ...
Klein Erin E - - 2013
Introduction. High body mass index (BMI) has been implicated as an etiologic agent in Achilles tendonitis (AT) and may contribute to poorer treatment outcomes. The purpose of this study was to better elucidate the role of BMI in both the development and treatment of AT. Methods. A matched case-control (1:1) ...
Wang Biao - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Although many studies have evaluated the impacts of obesity on various medical treatments, it is not known whether obesity is related to late mortality with implantation of small aortic prosthesis. This study evaluated the effect of obesity on late survival of patients after aortic valve replacement (AVR) with implantation ...
Liljensøe Anette A Orthopaedic Research Unit, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark. - - 2013
Obesity contributes much to the development of knee osteoarthritis. However, the association between obesity and outcome after knee replacement is controversial. We investigated whether there was an association between the preoperative body mass index (BMI) of patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and their quality of life (QoL) and ...
McNair Peter - - 2013
We compared the effects of a non-weight bearing protocol (NWB) and a weight bearing (WB) protocol on energy stored, stiffness, and shock absorption in the plantar flexor muscle-tendon unit of patients managed non-operatively following an Achilles tendon rupture. Thirty-eight subjects were randomized to a WB cast fitted with a Bohler ...
Liang Xue - - 2013
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is an independent predictor of morbidity and mortality in chronic hemodialysis (CHD) patients. It remains unclear whether efforts to correct fluid overload in young CHD can reverse LVH. This prospective single-center cohort study evaluated left ventricular masses index (LVMI) evolution in fluid overloaded young CHD patients ...
Mundi Manpreet S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity is 33 % and is expected to reach 50 % based on current US trends. Bariatric surgery is effective in producing long-term weight loss, yet it requires adherence to the recommended diet and physical activity. This study assessed whether the short-form International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ-SF) data ...
Al Falah Haitham M - - 2013
To report experience with laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) in obese, morbidly obese, and super morbid obese patients, and to evaluate comparative efficacy of LSG among these patient groups. A total of 147 patients underwent LSG between March 2008 and December 2011 at the Department of Surgery, King Saud Medical City, ...
Kandil Abdurrahman - - 2013
The number of total joint arthroplasties (TJAs) in the United States has steadily increased during the past 2 decades. The prevalence of obesity has also increased during the same time period and has become a major public health issue. The relationship between TJA and weight change is therefore increasingly important ...
Nuthalapaty Francis S - - 2013
Objective: To compare wound complications after Caesarean section in the obese patient, following early versus delayed skin staple removal. Methods: We conducted a single-centre, non-inferiority, randomized controlled trial. Following Caesarean section, obese women (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)) with subcutaneous wound depth ≥ 2.0 cm and skin staple closure of a ...
McDermott Colleen D - - 2013
Objectives: Obesity can predispose women to pelvic organ prolapse and can also affect the success of pelvic organ prolapse surgery. The purpose of this study was to compare the postoperative anatomical outcomes following sacral colpopexy (SC) and transvaginal mesh colpopexy in a group of obese women with pelvic organ prolapse. ...
C─âtoi Adriana Florinela - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to evaluate nitric oxide (NO) metabolites (nitrite/nitrate NO x ) as proinflammatory parameter and total oxidant status (TOS) as well as total antioxidant response (TAR) as oxidative stress (OS) markers in morbidly obese (MO) patients in comparison with normal-weight healthy (NWH) subjects and ...
Bekheit Mohamed - - 2013
Surgical interventions have proven to be more effective than other measures in the treatment of morbid obesity. The short-term outcomes of the various surgical interventions have been well documented in the literature, with fewer reports on long-term outcomes. The reported long-term outcome of the vertical-banded gastroplasty (VBG) is conflicting. The ...
Kant Prashant - - 2013
Objective: We tested the hypothesis that sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is not associated with an increase in mucosal CRC biomarkers, unlike Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Design and Methods: Rectal mucosa, blood and urine were obtained from morbidly obese patients (n=23) before and after (median 28 months) SG, as well as from ...
Agrawal Varun - - 2013
Calcium oxalate (CaOx) nephrolithiasis is an adverse effect of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB). It is unknown when the increased risk for CaOx stone formation occurs after surgery. We studied 13 morbidly obese adults undergoing RYGB with 24-hour urine collections at 4 weeks before and 1, 2, 4, and 6 ...
Hoffmeister Paul A - - 2013
Although nutritional status may adversely affect various health outcomes, the relationship of anthropometry to outcomes after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) has not been fully studied in children. We analyzed the impact of pre-HCT body mass index (BMI), arm-muscle-area, and arm-fat-area on HCT outcomes in 733 patients aged 2-18 years who ...
Neumann Claas L - - 2013
Abstract Lacking compliance with liquid intake restrictions is one of the major problems in patients on hemodialysis and causes an increased mortality. In 120 patients on hemodialysis with an average interdialytic weight gain (IWG) exceeding 1.5 kg on at least 2 days during the 4 weeks preceding the intervention, the effect ...
Dhakal Binod - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for increased perioperative morbidity and mortality in surgical patients. There have been limited studies to correlate the morbidity of lung cancer resection with obesity. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of patients who underwent surgical resection for lung cancer at the Medical College of ...
Miranda William R - - 2013
Obesity is a risk factor for heart failure (HF), but the benefit of weight loss in HF is unknown. We assessed the effects of bariatric surgery (BSx) compared to non-operative treatment for morbid obesity on overall quality of life (QoL), functional capacity, and symptoms in 13 HF patients undergoing BSx ...
Sotomi Yohei - - 2013
AIMS: Although several prognostic factors for atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after catheter ablation (CA) have been reported, predictors of very late recurrence (VLR; initial recurrence >12 months after ablation) remain unidentified. This study investigated clinical variables predictive of VLR after CA for AF.METHODS AND RESULTS: This retrospective single-centre cohort study ...
Wang Sen - - 2013
Bariatric surgery is now widely accepted for treatment of morbid obesity. This study compared the effects of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) on excess weight loss (EWL) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). PubMed and Embase were searched for publications concerning LAGB and LSG from ...
McGorrian Catherine - - 2013
Overweight and obesity are common health risks, but it can be difficult to effect weight change. This randomized controlled trial examined the effects of a novel Cookery skills intervention on body mass index (BMI) in overweight and obese patients with cardiovascular disease, who had previously attended a cardiac rehabilitation programme. ...
Acebes Carlos - - 2013
Objective. Although clinical reports have described medial meniscal subluxation (MMS) in knee OA, few controlled studies have used dynamic US to examine the potential impact of MMS on OA. The aim of this study was to assess MMS in patients with knee OA and in asymptomatic controls by US in ...
Vanuytsel Tim - - 2013
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Endoscopic injection of Botulinum toxin (BTX) has shown benefits for patients with distal esophageal spasm (DES) and nutcracker esophagus (NE) in small uncontrolled trials. We investigated the effect of BTX on symptoms of patients with DES or NE and assessed manometry findings in a prospective, double-blind, randomized, ...
Park Seung Wan - - 2013
Severe obesity is a major problem in pediatric craniopharyngioma. We investigated whether tumor origin, growth pattern, and surgical damage predict obesity in pediatric craniopharyngioma. Subjects were 58 patients (30 males) with no tumor recurrence during the first postoperative 18 months. Preoperative hypothalamic involvement was classified into no (pre_G0, n = 19), little (pre_G1, ...
Seddiek Shaker A - - 2013
Sarcoptes scabiei var. cuniculi is one of the most important veterinary ectoparasites in rabbits and results in considerable loss of weight, productivity, and wool quality. The acaricidal activity of aqueous leaf extract of neem (CAN) and ivermectin (IVR) were evaluated in vitro and in vivo against S. scabiei var. cuniculi. ...
Sahin Füsun - - 2013
We aimed to investigate the relationship between radiological extent and serum biochemical changes and body mass index (BMI) in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and pneumonia and to determine the usefulness of C-reactive protein (CRP) in clinical discriminative diagnosis. One hundred fifteen patients with tuberculosis (group 1), 70 patients with ...
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