Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2703
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Valezi Antonio Carlos - - 2013
BACKGROUND: By submitting obese people to surgical treatment, we hope they lose weight and stay slim. Long-term monitoring is essential to assess effectiveness of surgery. This study aims to evaluate weight loss over 10 years in an obese population undergoing banded Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (B-RYGBP). METHODS: The surgery was performed in ...
Genco Alfredo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is the comparison of a new intragastric balloon recently introduced, the Adjustable Balloon System (ABS), with the BioEnterics intragastric balloon (BIB) in terms of tolerance, safety, and weight loss parameters. METHODS: A case-control study was done: 40 patients were matched with 80 controls. To ...
Sdralis El - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Increased visceral adipose tissue is a risk factor for the metabolic complications associated with obesity and promotes a low-grade chronic inflammatory process. Resection of the great omentum in patients submitted to a bariatric procedure has been proposed for the amelioration of metabolic alterations and the maximization of weight loss. ...
Carron Michele - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Morbidly obese (MO) patients are at increased risk for postoperative anesthesia-related complications. We evaluated the role of sugammadex versus neostigmine in the quality of recovery from profound rocuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade (NMB) in patients with morbid obesity. METHODS: We studied 40 female MO patients who received desflurane and remifentanil anesthesia ...
Valezi Antonio Carlos - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to assess predictors for new-onset stone formers after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP). METHODS: One hundred and fifty-one obese patients underwent RYGBP and were followed for 1 year. The analysis comprised two study time points: preoperative (T0) and 1 year after surgery (T1). They were analyzed ...
Goyal Vinay - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Gastric bypass is the "gold standard" procedure of bariatric surgery. However, 20.4-34.9 % of these patients may fail to achieve or maintain the weight loss on long-term follow-up and may require additional procedures. StomaphyX™ has been promoted for weight reduction in such patients. OBJECTIVES: To study whether endoluminal reduction of ...
Thompson Scott A J - - 2013
Indications for UKA for isolated osteoarthritis of the knee remain controversial. Two hundred twenty-nine UKA that were performed at our institution were evaluated for which factors were associated with a poor outcome. BMI >35 was correlated with lower KSS scores than patients with BMI <35. In contrast to prior reports, ...
Vargas C B - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a pathologic condition that causes functional incapacity, with reduction of quality of life and life expectancy and an increase in mortality. Bariatric surgery is indicated to alleviate associated comorbidities and increase physical capacity. The objective of this work was to evaluate the functional capacity of patients with ...
Tschoner A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Pronounced weight loss after bariatric surgery was demonstrated to have significant beneficial effects on surrogates of early atherosclerosis. Aim of this prospective examination was to investigate whether these improvements of endothelial function and vascular structure are persistent in the long-term. DESIGN AND METHODS: 52 obese adults were examined before ...
Kushnir Vitaly A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to determine whether small diameter needles for oocyte retrieval alter oocyte yields in patients undergoing IVF in comparison to standard large diameter needles. METHODS: We conducted a prospective pilot study of 21 consecutive favorable prognosis patients. In each patient one ovary was randomly allocated to ...
Fuller Nicholas R - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: There are limited controlled data for intragastric balloons (IGB) in obesity treatment. This randomised, controlled study evaluated the efficacy and safety of an IGB in obese individuals with metabolic syndrome (MS). DESIGN AND METHODS: 66 adults (BMI:30-40kg/m(2) ) were randomised to IGB for 6 months, with a 12 month ...
Mion François - - 2013
The goal of this study was to evaluate the safety and the impact on weight loss of a new swallowable gastric balloon. In this prospective pilot study, 17 overweight or obese patients were included. Up to three balloons were ingested under fluoroscopic control. All balloons were removed by upper GI ...
de Werra Carlo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Despite progress made in the control of post-operative infections, the incidence of surgical site infections (SSIs) is still high. An improper perioperative antibiotic use can expose patients to the risk of resistant microorganisms, and, in surgical obese patients, the drug dosage and infusion time are critical points. The aim ...
Issa Kimona - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes of primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in obese and nonobese patients. A total of 210 knees in 174 obese patients who had a mean body mass index (BMI) of 34 kg/m2 (range, 30 to 39.9 kg/m2) and ...
Tsuiki Satoru - - 2013
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Oral appliances are increasingly prescribed for patients with moderate obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) instead of nasal continuous positive airway pressure. However, the efficacy of oral appliances varies greatly. We hypothesized that oral appliances were not efficacious in moderate OSA patients who were obese with oropharyngeal crowding. METHODS: Japanese ...
Zhuang Jianhui - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that overweight and obesity, expressed as high body mass index (BMI), are associated with the development of atrial fibrillation (AF) and quality of life (QoL) in AF patients. However, the role of high BMI as a risk factor for prognosis and QoL in AF patients ...
Szmuk Peter - - 2013
BACKGROUND:The VeinViewer (Luminetx, Memphis, TN) helps identify veins by projecting an image of subcutaneous vasculature on the skin surface. We tested the primary hypothesis that VeinViewer use improves cannulation success by skilled nurses in pediatric patients with anticipated difficult IV access. A secondary goal was to evaluate the relationship between ...
Dias A S - - 2013
Biological control with the use of nematophagous fungi has been described very successfully by many authors and presents itself as a complementary control method, acting on the free-living forms of helminths. The efficacy of a formulation containing the fungus Pochonia chlamydosporia in controlling Fasciola hepatica eggs in faeces was evaluated ...
Cunneen Scott A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the Realize Band (RB) adopted a precurved design (RB-C). We present 2-year outcomes data from the first multiinstitutional study of RB-C. The objective of this study was to analyze weight loss and safety data from bariatric practices in the United States, including academic, nonacademic, public, and private. ...
Flythe Jennifer E JE Renal Division, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. - - 2013
Rapid ultrafiltration rate is associated with increased mortality among hemodialysis patients. Ultrafiltration rates are determined by interdialytic weight gain and session length. Although both interdialytic weight gain and session length have been linked to mortality, the relationship of each to mortality, independent of the other, is not adequately defined. This ...
Lin Hsi-Hsien - - 2013
Adhesive capsulitis is commonly associated with medical diseases such as diabetes mellitus, hyperthyroidism, and obesity. Intra-articular injection has been used to speed recovery and relieve pain associated with frozen shoulder. In this study, we evaluated and compared the effects of an intra-articular injection of corticosteroid and lidocaine in the treatment ...
Langer F B - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Weight regain (WR) occurs in some patients after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP). Loss of restriction due to dilation of the gastrojejunostomy (GJS) or the gastric pouch might be the main cause for WR. With different techniques available for the establishment of the GJS, the surgical technique might influence ...
McElroy Mark J - - 2013
The negative effects of obesity following total joint arthroplasty, such as increased morbidity and mortality, have been well documented in literature. However, little is known about whether specific body mass indices can be used as cutoffs to determine which patients are most at risk for having a poor postoperative outcome. ...
Vilallonga Ramon - - 2013
Abstract Introduction: Follow-up of obese patient is difficult. There is no literature related to patient follow-up that incorporates the concept of Internet of Things (IoT), use of WiFi, Internet, or portable devices for this purpose. Material and methods: This prospective observational study commenced in June 2011. Patients were prospectively offered ...
Pereira Silvia - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the nutritional status of vitamin A (VA) using biochemical and functional indicators in subjects with class III obesity, before and after RYGB, supplemented with three protocols. METHODS: The sample comprised 90 patients, with BMI ≥40 kg/m2, divided into three groups: G1 that received routine supplementation ...
Abdul-Muhsin Haidar - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the perioperative and pathological outcomes associated with robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) in morbidly obese men. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2008 and March 2012, 3041 patients underwent RARP at our institution by a single surgeon (V.P.). In all, 44 patients were considered morbidly obese with a body ...
Leeman M F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Super-obese patients in NHS Lothian during 2009-2010 were offered the intragastric balloon to assist with weight loss prior to definitive bariatric surgery along with participation in a structured weight management programme. Those who declined balloon placement continued to receive weight management alone (WM). The aim of this study was ...
Abrahamsson Niclas - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is produced in the heart in response to stretching of the myocardium. BNP levels are negatively correlated to obesity, and in obese subjects, a reduced BNP responsiveness has been described. Diet-induced weight loss has been found to lower or to have no effect on BNP ...
Ponzani P - - 2013
Aim: The rising adoption of liraglutide in clinical practice calls for an update on its long-term effectiveness and safety. The aims of this paper were to review characteristics of patients treated with liraglutide under routine clinical practice conditions, to describe therapeutic schemes, to assess the durability of liraglutide after two ...
Bernasek Thomas L - - 2013
This study evaluated the effect of immediate full weight bearing on abductor repair and clinical function after total hip arthroplasty (THA) using a direct lateral (modified Hardinge) approach. The surgical approach detached a bone flake with the abductors, providing a radiographic marker for abductor displacement and healing. Patients in whom ...
Caskurlu Turhan - - 2013
To compare the outcomes of using retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) for treating renal stones among normal weight, overweight, and obese patients. From December 2008 to March 2012, 207 patients who underwent RIRS were included in the study. Patients were categorized into 3 groups according to their body mass index (BMI): ...
Wolosker Nelson - - 2013
Until the present moment, the lack of efficient therapeutic options available for hyperhidrosis treatment in obese patients has left this population without prospect of clinical or quality of life (QOL) improvements. Outcomes of oxybutynin treatment for overweight and obese patients with hyperhidrosis are unknown. This study aims to investigate the ...
Patil M R - - 2013
Reduction of weight in obese type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) individuals is emerging as a significant strategy in the reduction of proteinuria in diabetic nephropathy along with control of hyperglycemia, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. The objective was to evaluate the reduction in 24-h proteinuria in T2DM patients with nephropathy by weight ...
Matos Marcos Almeida MA Bahia School of Medicine and Public Health , Santa Casa de Misericórdia da Bahia; Hospital Santa Isabel - Salvador, BA, - - 2013
The aim of this study is to evaluate energy expenditure in gait by mucopolysaccharidosis affected patients by means of a simple and adequate to the clinical environment methodology. A cross-sectional study was carried out comparing energy expenditure during gait in 19 patients suffering from mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS Group) with 19 asymptomatic ...
Hernández Hernández Juan R - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity has increased in Spain in recent years. Obese women are at increased risk for sexual dysfunction, and important remission of this condition has been previously reported with bariatric surgery. OBJECTIVES: The major aim of this study was to assess the effects of the Scopinaro biliopancreatic ...
Kim Heejin - - 2013
The objective of this study was to assess treatment outcomes and compliance according to obesity among groups of patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) receiving different treatments. A total of 297 patients with OSA treated between 2006 and 2009 underwent pre- and post-treatment polysomnography. One hundred and fifty-one patients were ...
Date Ravindra S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that National Health Service (NHS) rationing of bariatric surgery is biased toward super-obese patients without scientific basis. The aim of this study was to compare health, quality of life, and employment outcomes in morbidly obese (MO) versus super-obese (SO) patients after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) ...
Dienstknecht Thomas - - 2013
PURPOSE: The benefits of minimally invasive surgical techniques in total hip arthroplasty (THA) are well known, but concerns about applying those techniques in obese patients are controversial. We prospectively compared patients with increased body mass index (BMI ≥30) undergoing THA with normal weight patients. METHODS: A total of 134 patients ...
Oh Sung-Hee - - 2013
Bariatric surgery is considered an efficient treatment for severe obesity, but postoperative complications and psychosocial problems may impact quality of life (QoL). Although QoL is an important aspect of bariatric surgery, few studies have evaluated the changes in QoL. We examined whether severely obese patients who had undergone bariatric surgery ...
Dirksen C - - 2013
Objective:To identify factors contributing to the variation in weight loss after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB).Design:Cross-sectional study of patients with good (excess body mass index lost (EBL) >60%) and poor weight loss response (EBL <50%) >12 months after RYGB and a lean control group matched for age and gender.Materials and methods:Sixteen ...
Muir William M - - 2013
An experiment was conducted comparing multilevel selection in Japanese quail for 43 days weight and survival with birds housed in either kin (K) or random (R) groups. Multilevel selection significantly reduced mortality (6.6% K vs. 8.5% R) and increased weight (1.30 g/MG K vs. 0.13 g/MG R) resulting in response ...
Donnelly Joseph E - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Face-to-face weight management is costly and presents barriers for individuals seeking treatment; thus, alternate delivery systems are needed. The objective of this study was to compare weight management delivered by face-to-face (FTF) clinic or group conference calls (phone). DESIGN AND METHODS: Randomized equivalency trial in 295 overweight/obese men/women (BMI ...
Dogan Umit Bilge - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Most of the weight loss with the BioEnterics intragastric balloon (BIB) has occurred during the first 3-4 months. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of initial weight loss on long-term weight maintenance. METHODS: From 2008 to 2011, 50 patients who had mean body mass index (BMI) of 44.7 ± 12.4 kg/m(2) underwent ...
Kang Matthew M - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Multiple studies have reported on the prevalence of proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) following spinal deformity surgery; however, none have demonstrated its significance with respect to functional outcome scores or revision surgery. OBJECTIVE:: To evaluate if 20° is a possible critical PJK angle in primary adult scoliosis surgery patients as ...
Harato Kengo - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate weight-bearing distribution in patients with bilateral end-stage knee osteoarthritis (OA) and to clarify the gait parameters affecting the weight-bearing distribution during both standing and walking using gait analysis. METHODS: Twenty-five patients (averaged 71 years) with symptomatic bilateral end-stage medial knee OA participated ...
Gilmore Megan M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Nissen fundoplication failure rates are increased in obese patients; however, conversion to laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) can resolve or improve gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms. Acid pockets near the gastroesophageal junction may influence these surgical outcomes. Our objective was to compare the outcomes for patients who underwent LRYGB ...
Milan Zoka - - 2013
Aim To investigate the relation of body mass index (BMI) with postoperative pain scores and volume of local anaesthetic (LA) administered epidurally in patients undergoing liver resection surgery. Methods Retrospective data from 167 patients who had epidural analgesia (EA) for liver resection surgery were analysed: 123 with BMI less 30kgm-2 ...
Winkler M S - - 2013
Aim: In vascular surgery postoperative thrombosis prophylaxis must sufficiently prevent arterial thrombosis. This cohort study examines different therapeutic approaches of unfractionated heparin (UFH) or low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) after vascular reconstruction. Methods:Four hundred seventy-five patients entered the study between 2005 and 2008. Our clinical routine made a differentiation between ...
Martin Julie - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Obesity is often associated with left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction (DD). Elevated N-terminal fragment of the prohormone brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is considered a biomarker of LV dysfunction. Weight loss induced by bariatric surgery may improve LV DD, but conflicting results regarding NT-proBNP levels have been reported. Our objective ...
Baena-Fustegueras Juan A - - 2013
IMPORTANCE In recent years, the CD40/CD40L system has been implicated in the pathophysiology of severe chronic inflammatory diseases. Recently, obesity has been described as a low chronic inflammatory disease, so this system could also be involved in the inflammatory process. OBJECTIVE To study soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) and other factors ...
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