Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2817
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Hernigou Philippe - - 2013
The safety and efficacy of the novel Limmed® system (locked plate fixation) for immediate full weight-bearing after medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) were evaluated in patients with symptomatic varus gonarthrosis. A case series of 85 consecutive osteotomies performed with Limmed® locked plate fixation for medial opening wedge HTO ...
Truant Stéphanie - - 2013
The objective was to determine the liver volumetric recovering capacity and postoperative course after major hepatectomy in obese patients through a case-matched study. In literature, the impact of obesity on liver recovering has been analyzed only indirectly in terms of morbimortality but never through volumetric assessment. Between 2005 and 2011, ...
Ferraz Alvaro Antônio Bandeira - - 2013
This study aims to evaluate results on revision surgery for weight regain after gastric bypass, based on surgical technique and follow-up. This study is a retrospective analysis of 29 patients who presented weight regain on follow-up after more than 5 years, divided into four groups according to revision surgery type: group ...
Behrbalk Eyal - - 2013
Anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) is an established treatment for structural instability associated with symptomatic disk degeneration (SDD). Stand-alone ALIF offers many advantages, however, it may increase the risk of non-union. Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) may enhance fusion rate but is associated with postoperative complication. The optimal dose ...
Yip Shelley - - 2013
Bariatric surgery is effective in the management of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obesity; however, it is not clear whether Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (GBP) or sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is the most effective procedure. This review compared T2D remission and weight loss in patients with T2D after GBP or SG. All ...
Monteiro Caio Márcio Oliveira - - 2013
The aim of the study was to assess the effect of the association of entomopathogenic nematodes and fungi on Rhipicephalus microplus. The nematodes used were Heterorhabditis bacteriophora HP88 and Heterorhabditis indica LPP1 and the fungi were Metarhizium anisopliae IBCB 116 and Beauveria bassiana ESALQ 986. In the groups treated with ...
Kulkas A - - 2013
Apnea-hypopnea-index (AHI), disregarding the respiratory event morphology, is currently used in estimation of severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the potential of novel parameters in estimation of changes in severity of OSA during weight loss. Polygraphic data of 67 patients, 37 ...
Park Jin-Sun - - 2013
Objective. Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT), deposited around subepicardial coronary vessels, may contribute directly to perivascular inflammation and smooth muscle cell proliferation. This study assessed the relationship between EAT and in-stent restenosis. Methods. Four hundred and seven patients had received successful coronary intervention. EAT thickness was measured by echocardiography. Angiographic follow-up ...
Alexandrou Andreas - - 2013
Nutritional deficiencies are highly prevalent in obese patients. Bariatric surgery has been associated with adverse effects on homeostasis of significant vitamins and micronutrients, mainly after gastric bypass. The aim of the present study was to compare the extent of long-term postsurgical nutritional deficiencies between Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve ...
Li Jingfeng - - 2013
Study Design. A prospective clinical and radiographic study.Objective. To introduce a re-designed fulcrum bending radiographic method and to validate the effectiveness of this method in assessing patients with AIS.Summary of Background Data. Several radiographic methods exist to evaluate curve flexibility in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. The technique of fulcrum-bending ...
Kyle Ursula G - - 2013
The evaluation of nutritional status, including body composition measurements, in pediatric patients before and after lung transplant (LTx) can aid in adapting nutrition support and physical rehabilitation programs to meet individual patient needs. The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the changes in weight, lean body mass (LBM), ...
Pilone V - - 2013
Aim: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a stand-alone bariatric procedure, its feasibility and efficacy being confirmed by long-term data. The effect of the procedure is believed to be based on the gastric restriction and reduction of ghrelin. Nevertheless it remains still controversial the role of LSG on gastric emptying and ...
Cavaignac E E CHU Rangueil, Institut de l'Appareil Locomoteur, 1 Avenue Jean Pouilhes, Toulouse, France. - - 2013
The significance of weight in the indications for unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) is unclear. Our hypothesis was that weight does not affect the long-term rate of survival of UKRs. We undertook a retrospective study of 212 UKRs at a mean follow-up of 12 years (7 to 22). The patients were ...
Elson Leah C - - 2013
Acetabular cup positioning is a critical factor in determining adverse clinical outcomes in THA. This evaluation was performed to determine if morbid obesity (BMI ≥35kg/m(2)) is a contributing risk factor to cup malpositioning. Two groups of patients were obtained from a local arthroplasty registry and match-controlled for gender, age, and ...
Dalle Grave Riccardo - - 2013
Lifestyle modification therapy for overweight and obese patients combines specific recommendations on diet and exercise with behavioral and cognitive procedures and strategies. In completers it produces a mean weight loss of 8-10 % in about 30 weeks of treatment. However, two main issues still to be resolved are how to improve dissemination ...
Valentijn Tabita M - - 2013
The obesity paradox has been demonstrated postoperatively in several surgical populations, but only a few studies have reported long-term survival. This study evaluates the presence of the obesity paradox in a general surgery population, reporting both postoperative and long-term survival. This retrospective study included 10,427 patients scheduled for elective, noncardiac ...
Estes Chris S - - 2013
Prior studies have reported increased failure rates in obese patients with postoperative limb mal-alignment. This study was undertaken to determine if a relationship exists between postoperative limb alignment and BMI in patients undergoing primary TKA performed with mechanical instruments. An IRB-approved retrospective review of 196 knees was undertaken. Limb alignment ...
Sari Erhan - - 2013
The aim of the study to compare outcomes of flexible ureterorenoscopy in patients with different body mass index (BMI) scores and to explore whether the BMI has an effect on outcomes of RIRS. Five hundred and two patients who underwent flexible URS in 3 centers between 2008 and 2012 for ...
Cheung Lily K - - 2013
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass procedure is the most frequently performed bariatric surgery for the extremely obese in USA. However, the information about the effects of racial/ethnic differences, comorbidities, and medication use on weight loss outcomes is limited. The objectives of this study were to investigate if race/ethnicity, comorbidities, and medication use ...
Boban M - - 2013
Background: Cardiovascular diseases are a vast global health burden. Despite common prevalence, current knowledge and investigations concerning nutritional aspects are limited. Characteristics and dynamics of nutritional risk are not entirely known for most of the entities, disease stages or treatment-induced fluctuations. This study assessed the effects of heart surgery on ...
Weiner Rudolf - - 2013
Obesity and diabetes usually co-exist. Obesity surgery seems to offer solutions for both. The objective of this study was to show the effect of obesity surgery on the diabetic profile. Data on obesity surgery in Germany (2005-2011) were collected from the Institute of Quality Assurance at the research university. Follow-up ...
Schousboe John T - - 2013
There is controversy regarding the most appropriate strategy to prevent venous thromboembolism following total joint arthroplasty. Our objective was to estimate the lifetime costs, quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs), and costs per QALY gained using low-molecular-weight heparin compared with low-dose aspirin for two weeks after total knee or total hip arthroplasty in ...
Ravesloot M J L - - 2013
Studies have reported significant improvement of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in obese patients after bariatric surgery (BS). Weight loss following BS is rapid in the first few months, but it can take at least 1 year to reach the final result. The aim of this study is to measure the effect ...
Milone Marco - - 2013
Abstract Background: Laparoscopic intracorporeal suturing and knot tying for anastomosis are considered the most difficult laparoscopic skills to master. The aim of this study was to establish the safety and efficacy of barbed suture for intestinal sutures to close the gastrojejunal anastomosis in obese patients undergoing gastric bypass. Study Design: ...
Silva Maria Alayde Mendonça da - - 2013
To compare the frequency of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) in obese patients of the Brazilian Unified Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde - SUS) with indication of bariatric surgery during the preoperative period and after the sixth month and the first year of the procedure. An observational, longitudinal, prospective, and ...
Wang Biao - - 2013
Whether obesity is related to late mortality with implantation of small aortic prosthesis remains to be clarified. This study was aimed to evaluate the effect of obesity on late survival of patients after aortic valve replacement (AVR) with implantation of small aortic prosthesis (size <= 21 mm). From January 1998 ...
Naziri Qais - - 2013
Some studies have suggested that patients who are super obese (BMI > 50 kg/m(2)) may have poorer outcomes and more frequent complications when undergoing TKA compared with those who have lower BMI, however, the literature on this is scant. The purpose of this study was to compare a group of ...
Coban Gökçen - - 2013
Studies to date have not investigated whether body mass index (BMI) affects the sensitivity and specificity of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP). The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of BMI and also concomitant pancreatitis, cholecystitis and cholelithiasis on the sensitivity and specificity of MRCP. Between January 2004 ...
Tai Chi-Ming - - 2013
The Bioenterics Intragastric Balloon (BIB) is effective for weight loss. However, comparisons of its effectiveness between groups with different body mass index (BMI) are rare. This study compared the effectiveness of BIB treatment in patients with BMI <32 kg/m(2) and those with BMI ≧32 kg/m(2) at the time of BIB removal and ...
Ballal Moez S - - 2013
We compared functional outcomes after primary hamstring-graft anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in patients with different body mass index (BMI) classes. Functional outcomes after ACL reconstruction were measured using the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and the Lysholm score. The procedures were carried out by a single surgeon ...
Loy John J JJ NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, New York. Electronic address: - - 2013
Life expectancy is increasing, with more elderly people categorized as obese. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) on patients aged ≥70 years. This was a retrospective analysis of patients aged ≥70 years who underwent LAGB at our university hospital between ...
Barrington Michael J - - 2013
Local anesthetic systemic toxicity (LAST) is a potentially life-threatening complication of local anesthetic administration. In this article, the results of the Australian and New Zealand Registry of Regional Anaesthesia were analyzed to determine if ultrasound-guided peripheral nerve blockade (PNB) was associated with a reduced risk of LAST compared with techniques ...
Uffort Ekong - - 2013
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is gaining popularity as a standalone procedure for the surgical treatment of obesity in the superobese because of higher failure with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. We report a single-institution experience with LSG as the procedure of choice in all obese groups and comparing weight loss in the ...
El-Sherbini Nevine - - 2013
Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS), a rare but serious complication of long-term PD, is characterized by nausea, abdominal pain, weight loss, anorexia, and constipation. It can cause a significant deterioration in a patient's nutrition status. In the present study we examined changes in nutrition status and outcomes for patients with EPS ...
Abilés V - - 2013
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) in the success of postoperative weight loss after 2 years of CB. Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted in consecutive patients with morbid obesity aged between 18 and 59 yrs and enrolled in the bariatric surgery program of the ...
Nagarajan Vijaiganesh - - 2013
Obese patients have been noted to have better prognosis in many conditions including heart failure. We hypothesize that this favorable prognosis for obesity may not be seen in patients with morbid obesity and advanced heart failure. A total of 501 consecutive patients with advanced heart failure referred for heart transplant ...
Schwartz Julie J NutriWell Coaching, Johns Creek, Georgia, United - - 2013
D.S. presented to a medical and surgical weight-loss program to initiate bariatric surgery. He had made numerous attempts at weight loss to no avail and was taking steps toward bariatric surgery as a last viable option. D.S.'s health insurance provider required 3 months of supervised weight loss prior to approval ...
DeVore Stephanie S Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, - - 2013
Weight loss is an effective treatment for children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), but it is extremely difficult to achieve outside of an intensive weight management program. We hypothesized that one can achieve success in improving NAFLD and weight-related outcomes in a structured and focused multidisciplinary clinical program feasible ...
Bakker Jessie P - - 2013
The mechanisms by which obesity and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may contribute to endothelial dysfunction are unclear. We sought to follow-up a sample of obese subjects undergoing either bariatric surgery, or continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy to treat OSA. We hypothesized improved vascular function with both therapeutic approaches, consistent ...
Steinert Robert E - - 2013
Objective: Increased delivery of bile acid salts (BA) to distal L-cells and altered TGR5 receptor activation may contribute to the early and substantial increases in gut peptide secretion seen after bariatric surgery. To further elucidate a potential role of BA in the secretion of GLP-1 and PYY, we analyzed plasma ...
Yang Shi-Feng - - 2013
Data of the patients receiving open surgical Tenkchoff straight catheter insertion in our department from January 2005 to January 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. The 117 patients in whom PDC insertion was conducted with the guidance of guide wire were enrolled into group A, and the 121 cases receiving PDC insertion ...
Price Hilary I - - 2013
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) results in significant, sustainable weight loss in obese individuals (body mass index (BMI) ≥40 kg/m(2) or BMI 35.0-39.9 kg/m(2) with major comorbidity). Average clinically expected % excess weight loss (%EWL) has been reported to be 56.1 % 1 year after LSG. Unrealistic weight loss expectations are purported to negatively impact ...
Robertson Elaine V EV Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United - - 2013
In the West, a substantial proportion of subjects with adenocarcinoma of the gastric cardia and gastroesophageal junction have no history of reflux. We studied the gastroesophageal junction in asymptomatic volunteers with normal and large waist circumferences (WCs) to determine if central obesity is associated with abnormalities that might predispose individuals ...
Edholm David - - 2013
Gastric banding (GB) and vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) may result in unsatisfactory weight loss or intolerable side effects. Such outcomes are potential indications for additional bariatric surgery, and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is frequently used at such revisions (rRYGB). The present study examined long-term results of rRYGB. In total, 175 patients ...
Katzel Evan B - - 2013
While a cause and effect relationship is traditionally thought to exist between thigh surgery and postoperative lymphedema, the link between obesity-related lymphatic and/or venous disease and post-body contouring lower extremity edema has not been investigated. We hypothesize that patients who experience prolonged lower extremity edema following thigh surgery are predisposed ...
McKee Heather - - 2013
Objectives : To investigate the differences in the contributing factors involved in weight maintenance success and failure. Design : Semi-structured interviews were conducted with both successful and unsuccessful weight maintainers. Eighteen participants were recruited (16 women), nine of who had lost 10% of their body weight and maintained this weight ...
Victorzon Mikael - - 2013
Many studies of short-term to mid-term outcomes after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) have been published, but reliable long-term outcome reports with a minimum follow up ≥10 years in a sufficient number of included patients are still scarce. The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term results after ...
Cushing Christopher C - - 2013
Initial outcome studies have reported that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is safe and efficacious for adolescents with extreme obesity. Although rapid weight loss is seen initially, data also show that modest weight regain typically occurs as early as the second postoperative year. The contribution of various psychological factors, including hedonic ...
Roerig James L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery such as the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) is currently used as a treatment for severe obesity. Alteration of the gastrointestinal tract by this procedure suggests a potential for clinically significant alterations in the bioavailability of ingested medications including antidepressants. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this trial was to ...
Barrett Mary M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical and pathologic features of women undergoing labioplasty for labia minora hypertrophy (LH) and to determine whether localized lymphedema plays a role in its pathogenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective case series of consecutive cases of labioplasties performed for LH was retrieved from a 10-year period. ...
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