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Results 301 - 350 of 2850
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Do─čan Umit Bilge UB Adana Numune Training and Research Hospital, Department of Gastroenterology, Adana, - - 2013
Background/aims:The BioEnterics intragastric balloon has been considered an effective and less invasive method for weight loss. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of this method on long-term weight loss. Material and Methods:From June 2009 to June 2011, 32 patients (14 male, 18 female) underwent BioEnterics intragastric balloon therapy for ...
Goyal Ravikant R Reader, PG Department of Panchakarma, SDM College of Ayurveda, Hassan, Karnataka, - - 2013
Currently more than 1 billion adults are overweight (Sthula) and at least 300 million of them are clinically obese. Obesity leads to adverse metabolic effects on blood pressure, cholesterol, triglycerides, and insulin resistance. Present study was planned to assess the role of Agnimanthadi compound containing Agnimantha, Mustaka, Gomutra (cow's urine), ...
Balagué Nicolas N Geneva, Switzerland From the Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery Department, the General Surgery Department, and the Division of Clinical Epidemiology, Center of Clinical Research, University Hospitals of Geneva, University of - - 2013
The positive impact of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass on weight, comorbidities, and health-related quality of life is well documented. However, 50 percent of patients regain some of the lost weight after 2 years with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and present a mean weight regain of 10 to 15 percent after several years, ...
Conceição Eva - - 2013
The present study aim is to investigate the frequency of loss of control eating (LOC) episodes in three groups with different assessment times: one before, one at short and one at long-term after bariatric surgery; as well as to explore the association of postoperative problematic eating behaviors and weight outcomes ...
Shinall Myrick C MC - - 2013
Total thyroidectomy (TT) is the preferred operative approach to Graves' disease. Current guidelines of the American Thyroid Association call for the administration of potassium iodide (KI) and achievement of euthyroid state before operation. Small numbers and a mixture of operative approaches spanning several decades hinder previous operative series. We present ...
Favoino Elvira - - 2013
The safety of 4 different adjuvants was assessed in lupus-prone BWF1 mice. Four groups of mice were intraperitoneally injected with incomplete Freund's adjuvant (IFA), or complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA), Squalene (SQU) or aluminum hydroxide (ALU). An additional group received plain PBS (UNT group). Mice were primed at week 9 and ...
Musella Mario - - 2013
ABSTRACT Aims: To test the efficacy of the mini-gastric bypass (MGB) in the treatment of morbid obesity related to the Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS). Patients and Methods: Three young male patients (mean age 15.6 years) complaining with PWS were treated by MGB with the aim to improve morbid obesity associated with the ...
Ahrendt April D - - 2013
To examine the effectiveness of videoconferencing technology for delivering comprehensive weight management treatment. This retrospective cohort study was conducted by extraction of data from medical records for the years 2008-2010. The treatment included a series of 12 weekly MOVE!® classes delivered using videoconferencing. Data were extracted from the time of ...
Yamamoto Masanori - - 2013
The "obesity paradox" that patients with high body mass index (BMI) have good prognoses remains controversial. This study aimed to assess the impact of BMI on clinical outcomes in patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Data from the French national TAVI registry were collected for 3,072 patients who ...
Trofa David D Department of Orthopaedics, Boston, - - 2013
Retrospectively, our institution noticed an increased number of patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty (TJA) after bariatric surgery. Considering that bariatric surgery is a proven modality to reduce osteoarthritic pain, we sought to identify a reason some patients may later require TJA. The objective of this study was to investigate the ...
Paternostre Frederic - - 2013
Retrospective study to analyse the difference between weight-bearing and non-weight-bearing alignment in osteoarthritic knees planned for patient-specific instrumented (PSI) total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The aim of the study is to observe whether a difference in alignment can be linked to arthritis staging or zone mechanical axis. Full-leg standing radiographs and ...
Hussain Namath S - - 2013
Object Transient delayed postoperative hyponatremia (DPH) after transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) is common and can have potentially devastating consequences. However, the true prevalence of transient symptomatic and asymptomatic DPH has not been studied in a large patient cohort with close and accurate follow-up. Methods A retrospective analysis of a single-institution prospective ...
Catheline J-M - - 2013
Our purpose was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) at 5years after surgery. From June 2005 to January 2007, 65 obese patients underwent SG. The percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL) and excess BMI loss (% EBL), obesity-related co-morbidities, and post-SG complications were evaluated at 2years after ...
Ayloo Subhashini M SM Division of General, Minimally Invasive and Robotic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois. Electronic address: - - 2013
There are several models of adjustable gastric banding in use with little evidence for choosing a particular model. The objective of this study was to evaluate factors for selecting a particular type of band in terms of weight loss, complications, and co-morbidities. From July 2006 to May 2012, 222 patients ...
Dimaria-Ghalili Rose Ann - - 2013
Objective: To determine the nutritional, inflammatory, and functional aspects of unintentional weight loss after cardiac surgery that warrant further investigation.Research Methods and Procedures: Twenty community-dwelling adults <underline></underline> 65 years old undergoing cardiac surgery (coronary artery bypass graft [CABG] or CABG + valve) were recruited for this prospective longitudinal (preoperative and ...
Shaw Ryan J - - 2013
Using regulatory focus theory, an intervention of daily weight loss-sustaining messages was developed and tested for acceptability, feasibility, and efficacy on helping people sustain weight loss. Participants (n = 120) were randomized to a promotion, prevention, or an attention-control text message group after completion of a weight loss program. Participants completed ...
Jiang Feizhao - - 2013
It is frequently reported that bariatric surgery often leads to resolution of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2 DM). Limited experience with duodenal-jejunal bypass (DJB) for the treatment of T2 DM has shown controversial results. We present the first study of DJB for T2 DM patients in China. The objective of ...
Floerkemeier Stephanie - - 2013
Nicotine abuse and obesity are well-known factors leading to common post-operative complications. However, their influence on the outcome after high tibial osteotomy is controversial. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate their effect on the clinical outcome with particular regard to bone non-union and local complications. The functional ...
Foster G D - - 2013
Few studies have evaluated community-based interventions for childhood obesity and even fewer provide efficacy data 1 year later. This study assessed changes in relative weight 1 year after a 6-month treatment for childhood obesity. Participants were 155 overweight/obese children/adolescents and their caregivers. The primary outcome was change in child percent ...
Cobourn Chris - - 2013
Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding has several distinctive features, including band adjustability, easy reversibility, and lack of malabsorption, which contribute to its widespread use. The LAP-BAND AP System (LBAP; Allergan, Inc.), a redesigned and improved version of the original device, was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2006. ...
Nicholson Amanda - - 2013
The number of obese patients requiring general anaesthesia is likely to increase in coming years, and obese patients pose considerable challenges to the anaesthetic team. Tracheal intubation may be more difficult and risk of aspiration of gastric contents into the lungs is increased in obese patients. Supraglottic airway devices (SADs) ...
Yasunaga H - - 2013
Recent studies in the USA have shown a lower postoperative mortality rate in mildly obese patients, described as the 'obesity paradox'. The results from the relatively obese population in Western countries may not be generalizable to Asian countries, prompting the present study to investigate the relationship between body mass index ...
Mabrouk Amr Abdel Wahab - - 2013
Ever since lipoabdominoplasty was first developed to achieve better aesthetic outcomes and less morbidity, the rate of seroma formation, especially in obese patients, has disturbed plastic surgeons. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of fibrin sealant in the prevention of seroma formation after lipoabdominoplasty in obese ...
van Straten Albert H M AH Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Catharina Hospital, Eindhoven, The - - 2013
Data relating to the impact of body mass index (BMI) on outcomes after isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR) are scarce and controversial. The study aim was to investigate the predictive value of BMI for early and late mortality after isolated AVR. Data obtained from patients who underwent isolated AVR between ...
Benevides Márcio Luiz ML Center for Teaching and Training, Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia, Cuiabá, MT, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2013
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) occur frequently after laparoscopic bariatric surgery. The combination of haloperidol, dexamethasone, and ondansetron may reduce these undesirable events. The aim of this study was to evaluate the intensity of nausea and pain, the number of vomiting episodes, and morphine consumption in postoperative (PO) obese patients ...
Dumitrache-Rujinski Stefan S "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania ; "Marius Nasta" Institute of Pneumology, Bucharest, - - 2013
We prospectively evaluated 199 individuals with high pre-test clinical suspicion of OSAS. Of these, 123 patients were morbidly obese (Group A) and 76 were non-obese (Group B). We performed six channel cardio-respiratory polygraphy and assessed the correlation between the Desaturation Index (DI) and the Apnea Hypopnea Index (AHI) for ...
Miyano Go - - 2013
We report four cases of long-gap esophageal atresia (LGEA) treated with thoracoscopic esophagoesophagostomy (TEE) after sequential extrathoracic esophageal elongation (SEEE: Kimura's technique). All initially had gastrostomy, then SEEE. The proximal end of the esophagus was introduced into the apex of the thorax under direct vision during TEE. Mean birth weight ...
Tanaka Shogo - - 2013
Please check and confirm the edit in the following sentence: This study aimed at investigating the safety of hepatic resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in obese patients with cirrhosis in Japan. We reviewed the clinical records of 202 patients with liver cirrhosis, who underwent hepatic resection for HCC between January, ...
Sinha Ashish C - - 2013
Postoperative nausea and vomiting is a major cause of patient dissatisfaction towards surgery. For bariatric surgery, increased vomiting/retching is detrimental to surgical anastomosis. The present study evaluated the efficacy of aprepitant (neurokinin-1 inhibitor) as a prophylactic antiemetic in morbidly obese patients for laparoscopic bariatric surgery. After institutional review board approval, ...
Imamura Naoya - - 2013
Although an antecolic duodenojejunostomy was reported to reduce post-operative delayed gastric emptying (DGE) compared with a retrocolic duodenojejunostomy after a pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PPPD), the long-term effects of these procedures have rarely been studied. The aim of this prospective, randomized, clinical trial was to investigate the influence of the reconstruction route ...
Pallati Pradeep K - - 2013
The prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in the morbidly obese population is as high as 45%. The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of various bariatric procedures in the improvement of GERD. The Bariatric Outcomes Longitudinal Database is a prospective database of patients who undergo bariatric ...
Simmelink Elisabeth K - - 2013
Background:The problems of prescribing a prosthesis for a young girl with severe congenital vascular malformation deformity leading to a transtibial amputation.Case description and methods:Due to the high risk of recurrent bleeding and limitations regarding full weight bearing of the stump, a normal socket fitting process was not possible. Using a ...
Koehestanie Parviez - - 2013
The endoscopically placed duodenal-jejunal bypass liner (DJBL) or EndoBarrier gastrointestinal liner has been designed for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus and simultaneous achievement of weight loss by obese patients. This study was performed to determine the safety, efficacy, and feasibility of delivering the DJBL with the patient under ...
Hernigou Philippe - - 2013
The safety and efficacy of the novel Limmed® system (locked plate fixation) for immediate full weight-bearing after medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) were evaluated in patients with symptomatic varus gonarthrosis. A case series of 85 consecutive osteotomies performed with Limmed® locked plate fixation for medial opening wedge HTO ...
Truant Stéphanie - - 2013
The objective was to determine the liver volumetric recovering capacity and postoperative course after major hepatectomy in obese patients through a case-matched study. In literature, the impact of obesity on liver recovering has been analyzed only indirectly in terms of morbimortality but never through volumetric assessment. Between 2005 and 2011, ...
Ferraz Alvaro Antônio Bandeira - - 2013
This study aims to evaluate results on revision surgery for weight regain after gastric bypass, based on surgical technique and follow-up. This study is a retrospective analysis of 29 patients who presented weight regain on follow-up after more than 5 years, divided into four groups according to revision surgery type: group ...
Behrbalk Eyal - - 2013
Anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) is an established treatment for structural instability associated with symptomatic disk degeneration (SDD). Stand-alone ALIF offers many advantages, however, it may increase the risk of non-union. Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) may enhance fusion rate but is associated with postoperative complication. The optimal dose ...
Yip Shelley - - 2013
Bariatric surgery is effective in the management of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obesity; however, it is not clear whether Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (GBP) or sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is the most effective procedure. This review compared T2D remission and weight loss in patients with T2D after GBP or SG. All ...
Monteiro Caio Márcio Oliveira - - 2013
The aim of the study was to assess the effect of the association of entomopathogenic nematodes and fungi on Rhipicephalus microplus. The nematodes used were Heterorhabditis bacteriophora HP88 and Heterorhabditis indica LPP1 and the fungi were Metarhizium anisopliae IBCB 116 and Beauveria bassiana ESALQ 986. In the groups treated with ...
Kulkas A - - 2013
Apnea-hypopnea-index (AHI), disregarding the respiratory event morphology, is currently used in estimation of severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the potential of novel parameters in estimation of changes in severity of OSA during weight loss. Polygraphic data of 67 patients, 37 ...
Park Jin-Sun - - 2013
Objective. Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT), deposited around subepicardial coronary vessels, may contribute directly to perivascular inflammation and smooth muscle cell proliferation. This study assessed the relationship between EAT and in-stent restenosis. Methods. Four hundred and seven patients had received successful coronary intervention. EAT thickness was measured by echocardiography. Angiographic follow-up ...
Alexandrou Andreas - - 2013
Nutritional deficiencies are highly prevalent in obese patients. Bariatric surgery has been associated with adverse effects on homeostasis of significant vitamins and micronutrients, mainly after gastric bypass. The aim of the present study was to compare the extent of long-term postsurgical nutritional deficiencies between Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve ...
Li Jingfeng - - 2013
Study Design. A prospective clinical and radiographic study.Objective. To introduce a re-designed fulcrum bending radiographic method and to validate the effectiveness of this method in assessing patients with AIS.Summary of Background Data. Several radiographic methods exist to evaluate curve flexibility in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. The technique of fulcrum-bending ...
Kyle Ursula G - - 2013
The evaluation of nutritional status, including body composition measurements, in pediatric patients before and after lung transplant (LTx) can aid in adapting nutrition support and physical rehabilitation programs to meet individual patient needs. The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the changes in weight, lean body mass (LBM), ...
Pilone V - - 2013
Aim: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a stand-alone bariatric procedure, its feasibility and efficacy being confirmed by long-term data. The effect of the procedure is believed to be based on the gastric restriction and reduction of ghrelin. Nevertheless it remains still controversial the role of LSG on gastric emptying and ...
Cavaignac E E CHU Rangueil, Institut de l'Appareil Locomoteur, 1 Avenue Jean Pouilhes, Toulouse, France. - - 2013
The significance of weight in the indications for unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) is unclear. Our hypothesis was that weight does not affect the long-term rate of survival of UKRs. We undertook a retrospective study of 212 UKRs at a mean follow-up of 12 years (7 to 22). The patients were ...
Elson Leah C - - 2013
Acetabular cup positioning is a critical factor in determining adverse clinical outcomes in THA. This evaluation was performed to determine if morbid obesity (BMI ≥35kg/m(2)) is a contributing risk factor to cup malpositioning. Two groups of patients were obtained from a local arthroplasty registry and match-controlled for gender, age, and ...
Dalle Grave Riccardo - - 2013
Lifestyle modification therapy for overweight and obese patients combines specific recommendations on diet and exercise with behavioral and cognitive procedures and strategies. In completers it produces a mean weight loss of 8-10 % in about 30 weeks of treatment. However, two main issues still to be resolved are how to improve dissemination ...
Valentijn Tabita M - - 2013
The obesity paradox has been demonstrated postoperatively in several surgical populations, but only a few studies have reported long-term survival. This study evaluates the presence of the obesity paradox in a general surgery population, reporting both postoperative and long-term survival. This retrospective study included 10,427 patients scheduled for elective, noncardiac ...
Estes Chris S - - 2013
Prior studies have reported increased failure rates in obese patients with postoperative limb mal-alignment. This study was undertaken to determine if a relationship exists between postoperative limb alignment and BMI in patients undergoing primary TKA performed with mechanical instruments. An IRB-approved retrospective review of 196 knees was undertaken. Limb alignment ...
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