Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2819
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Messiah Sarah E - - 2013
To investigate whether or not bariatric surgery weight outcomes vary by ethnicity in a large, nationally representative sample of adolescents. The Bariatric Outcomes Longitudinal Database was used for analysis and contains data on surgeries performed on adolescents from 2004 to 2010 from 423 surgeons at 360 facilities across the United ...
Henriksen Marius - - 2013
To investigate whether increased knee joint loading due to improved ambulatory function and walking speed following weight loss achieved over 16 weeks accelerates symptomatic and structural disease progression over a subsequent 1 year weight maintenance period in an obese population with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Data from a prospective study of ...
Rezvani Masoud M Department of Surgery, Institute for Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery, Abington Memorial Hospital, Abington, Pennsylvania. Electronic address: - - 2013
It has been hypothesized that the morbidity and mortality of laparoscopic biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) are likely to increase with increasing body mass index (BMI), especially with BMI>50 kg/m(2). Therefore, a 2-stage approach to this procedure has been advocated in super morbidly obese patients. The authors hypothesized that ...
Ruiz-Tovar Jaime - - 2013
A continuous feeling of hunger is the major cause of dietary treatment failure in obese patients, making dietary leave. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of percutaneous electrical neurostimulation (PENS) of T6 dermatome on appetite, weight loss and dietary compliance. A prospective, randomized study was performed. ...
Abdallah Faraj W - - 2013
Despite ultrasound (US) guidance, sciatic nerve block (SNB) remains among the least performed peripheral blocks. By targeting the tissue plane between the gluteus maximus and quadratus femoris muscles, the US-guided subgluteal space technique may facilitate the performance of US-guided SNB. We aimed to evaluate whether the subgluteal space technique shortens ...
Faria Silvia Leite SL Gastrocirurgia de Brasilia, Brasilia, Brazil; University of Brasília, Brasilia, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Studies in humans and other animals have shown that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) leads to increased energy expenditure (EE). We analyzed several components of EE, such as the respiratory quotient (RQ), resting metabolic rate (RMR), and diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT) among patients before and after RYGB. In this prospective clinical study, ...
Kim Mee Kyoung MK Department of Internal Medicine The Catholic University of Korea Seoul - - 2014
Little is known about the long-term effects of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) in severely obese Asian individuals. A total of 33 severely obese patients with type 2 diabetes underwent RYGB. All patients were followed up for 2 years. Visceral and abdominal subcutaneous fat areas were assessed using computed tomography (CT) before, ...
Skroubis George - - 2013
This study presents late results of a previously published 2-year prospective comparison between Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) versus biliopancreatic diversion with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (BPD-RYGBP) in an exclusively non-superobese population. From a cohort of 130 patients with a BMI of 35-50 kg/m(2), 65 were randomly selected to undergo RYGBP and 65 ...
Vidal Pablo - - 2013
A substantial number of patients undergoing bariatric surgery are lost to follow-up for unknown reasons, which may cause an overestimation of the benefits of operation. The aim of this study was to identify the reasons of failure to attend controls after bariatric surgery and the relationship with poor weight loss. ...
Savassi-Rocha Alexandre Lages - - 2013
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) interferes considerably with the anatomy and physiology of the gastrointestinal tract. The study of intestinal permeability can provide important information regarding changes in the structure and function of the mucosal barrier after the procedure. The urinary excretion rates of lactulose and mannitol after oral intake of ...
Pérez-Iglesias Rocio - - 2013
Data on the long-term metabolic side-effects associated with antipsychotics are scarce. Prospective longitudinal studies in medication-naive patients with a first episode of psychosis are a valuable source of information as they provide an assessment prior to the antipsychotic exposure and minimize the effect of potential confounding factors. The aim of ...
De Panfilis Chiara C Department of Neuroscience, University of Parma, Parma, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The role of temperament traits in shaping the outcome of gastric bypass for severe obesity has not been established yet. This study evaluated whether temperament traits influence weight loss 1 year after gastric bypass, controlling for the potential confounding effect of Axis I and II disorders. Forty-nine patients with severe ...
Yamamoto Se Ryung - - 2013
Redo fundoplication (RF) is the mainstay of treatment for failed fundoplication. A subset of patients with failed fundoplication requires Roux-en-Y reconstruction (RNY) for symptom relief. The aim of this study was to compare the long-term subjective outcomes between RF and RNY in patients with failed fundoplication. After Institutional Board Review ...
Karlsen Tor-Ivar - - 2013
Studies of lifestyle intervention programs in morbid obesity report large variations in weight loss outcomes. This is reported not only between but also within standardized programs. Such reports point to participants' characteristics as possible predictors of this outcome. The aim of this prospective cohort study was to identify predictors of ...
Safatle-Ribeiro Adriana V - - 2013
Mucosal alterations after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for morbid obesity have not been clearly evaluated. This study aims to analyze the mucosal alterations (proliferative status (Ki-67); apoptosis (caspase-3 and BCL-2); hormonal function (gastrin)) in the excluded stomach. Double-balloon enteroscopy was performed in 35 patients who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass longer than ...
Hébert James R - - 2013
Chronic inflammation is linked to poor lifestyle behaviors and a variety of chronic diseases that are prevalent among African Americans, especially in the southeastern U.S. The goal of the study was to test the effect of a community-based diet, physical activity, and stress reduction intervention conducted in 2009-2012 on reducing ...
McClendon Jamal J - - 2013
Obesity is a dominant public health concern and risk factor for disability, with few studies examining its impact in spinal surgery. Patients with a higher BMI have lower functional status, increased pain, and worse physical condition than those with ideal weight. To determine associations between BMI categories on adverse patient ...
Stein Matthew I - - 2013
We conducted a study of outcomes of modern hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA) in severely obese patients. Patients who had undergone HRA and been followed for a minimum of 2 years were divided into 2 groups, those with body mass index under 35 (control, 366 hips) and those with body mass ...
Habib L - - 2013
To determine the correlation of wound morbidity especially serum drain output in on lay mesh hernioplasty with Body Mass Index (BMI). This prospective descriptive study was conducted at Hamdard University Hospital and Jamal Noor Hospital from January 2010 to December 2011. A total of 42 females with ventral hernias were ...
Do─čan Umit Bilge UB Adana Numune Training and Research Hospital, Department of Gastroenterology, Adana, - - 2013
Background/aims:The BioEnterics intragastric balloon has been considered an effective and less invasive method for weight loss. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of this method on long-term weight loss. Material and Methods:From June 2009 to June 2011, 32 patients (14 male, 18 female) underwent BioEnterics intragastric balloon therapy for ...
Goyal Ravikant R Reader, PG Department of Panchakarma, SDM College of Ayurveda, Hassan, Karnataka, - - 2013
Currently more than 1 billion adults are overweight (Sthula) and at least 300 million of them are clinically obese. Obesity leads to adverse metabolic effects on blood pressure, cholesterol, triglycerides, and insulin resistance. Present study was planned to assess the role of Agnimanthadi compound containing Agnimantha, Mustaka, Gomutra (cow's urine), ...
Balagué Nicolas N Geneva, Switzerland From the Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery Department, the General Surgery Department, and the Division of Clinical Epidemiology, Center of Clinical Research, University Hospitals of Geneva, University of - - 2013
The positive impact of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass on weight, comorbidities, and health-related quality of life is well documented. However, 50 percent of patients regain some of the lost weight after 2 years with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and present a mean weight regain of 10 to 15 percent after several years, ...
Conceição Eva - - 2013
The present study aim is to investigate the frequency of loss of control eating (LOC) episodes in three groups with different assessment times: one before, one at short and one at long-term after bariatric surgery; as well as to explore the association of postoperative problematic eating behaviors and weight outcomes ...
Shinall Myrick C MC - - 2013
Total thyroidectomy (TT) is the preferred operative approach to Graves' disease. Current guidelines of the American Thyroid Association call for the administration of potassium iodide (KI) and achievement of euthyroid state before operation. Small numbers and a mixture of operative approaches spanning several decades hinder previous operative series. We present ...
Favoino Elvira - - 2013
The safety of 4 different adjuvants was assessed in lupus-prone BWF1 mice. Four groups of mice were intraperitoneally injected with incomplete Freund's adjuvant (IFA), or complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA), Squalene (SQU) or aluminum hydroxide (ALU). An additional group received plain PBS (UNT group). Mice were primed at week 9 and ...
Musella Mario - - 2013
ABSTRACT Aims: To test the efficacy of the mini-gastric bypass (MGB) in the treatment of morbid obesity related to the Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS). Patients and Methods: Three young male patients (mean age 15.6 years) complaining with PWS were treated by MGB with the aim to improve morbid obesity associated with the ...
Ahrendt April D - - 2013
To examine the effectiveness of videoconferencing technology for delivering comprehensive weight management treatment. This retrospective cohort study was conducted by extraction of data from medical records for the years 2008-2010. The treatment included a series of 12 weekly MOVE!® classes delivered using videoconferencing. Data were extracted from the time of ...
Yamamoto Masanori - - 2013
The "obesity paradox" that patients with high body mass index (BMI) have good prognoses remains controversial. This study aimed to assess the impact of BMI on clinical outcomes in patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Data from the French national TAVI registry were collected for 3,072 patients who ...
Trofa David D Department of Orthopaedics, Boston, - - 2013
Retrospectively, our institution noticed an increased number of patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty (TJA) after bariatric surgery. Considering that bariatric surgery is a proven modality to reduce osteoarthritic pain, we sought to identify a reason some patients may later require TJA. The objective of this study was to investigate the ...
Paternostre Frederic - - 2013
Retrospective study to analyse the difference between weight-bearing and non-weight-bearing alignment in osteoarthritic knees planned for patient-specific instrumented (PSI) total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The aim of the study is to observe whether a difference in alignment can be linked to arthritis staging or zone mechanical axis. Full-leg standing radiographs and ...
Hussain Namath S - - 2013
Object Transient delayed postoperative hyponatremia (DPH) after transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) is common and can have potentially devastating consequences. However, the true prevalence of transient symptomatic and asymptomatic DPH has not been studied in a large patient cohort with close and accurate follow-up. Methods A retrospective analysis of a single-institution prospective ...
Catheline J-M - - 2013
Our purpose was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) at 5years after surgery. From June 2005 to January 2007, 65 obese patients underwent SG. The percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL) and excess BMI loss (% EBL), obesity-related co-morbidities, and post-SG complications were evaluated at 2years after ...
Ayloo Subhashini M SM Division of General, Minimally Invasive and Robotic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois. Electronic address: - - 2013
There are several models of adjustable gastric banding in use with little evidence for choosing a particular model. The objective of this study was to evaluate factors for selecting a particular type of band in terms of weight loss, complications, and co-morbidities. From July 2006 to May 2012, 222 patients ...
Dimaria-Ghalili Rose Ann - - 2013
Objective: To determine the nutritional, inflammatory, and functional aspects of unintentional weight loss after cardiac surgery that warrant further investigation.Research Methods and Procedures: Twenty community-dwelling adults <underline></underline> 65 years old undergoing cardiac surgery (coronary artery bypass graft [CABG] or CABG + valve) were recruited for this prospective longitudinal (preoperative and ...
Shaw Ryan J - - 2013
Using regulatory focus theory, an intervention of daily weight loss-sustaining messages was developed and tested for acceptability, feasibility, and efficacy on helping people sustain weight loss. Participants (n = 120) were randomized to a promotion, prevention, or an attention-control text message group after completion of a weight loss program. Participants completed ...
Jiang Feizhao - - 2013
It is frequently reported that bariatric surgery often leads to resolution of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2 DM). Limited experience with duodenal-jejunal bypass (DJB) for the treatment of T2 DM has shown controversial results. We present the first study of DJB for T2 DM patients in China. The objective of ...
Floerkemeier Stephanie - - 2013
Nicotine abuse and obesity are well-known factors leading to common post-operative complications. However, their influence on the outcome after high tibial osteotomy is controversial. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate their effect on the clinical outcome with particular regard to bone non-union and local complications. The functional ...
Foster G D - - 2013
Few studies have evaluated community-based interventions for childhood obesity and even fewer provide efficacy data 1 year later. This study assessed changes in relative weight 1 year after a 6-month treatment for childhood obesity. Participants were 155 overweight/obese children/adolescents and their caregivers. The primary outcome was change in child percent ...
Cobourn Chris - - 2013
Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding has several distinctive features, including band adjustability, easy reversibility, and lack of malabsorption, which contribute to its widespread use. The LAP-BAND AP System (LBAP; Allergan, Inc.), a redesigned and improved version of the original device, was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2006. ...
Nicholson Amanda - - 2013
The number of obese patients requiring general anaesthesia is likely to increase in coming years, and obese patients pose considerable challenges to the anaesthetic team. Tracheal intubation may be more difficult and risk of aspiration of gastric contents into the lungs is increased in obese patients. Supraglottic airway devices (SADs) ...
Yasunaga H - - 2013
Recent studies in the USA have shown a lower postoperative mortality rate in mildly obese patients, described as the 'obesity paradox'. The results from the relatively obese population in Western countries may not be generalizable to Asian countries, prompting the present study to investigate the relationship between body mass index ...
Mabrouk Amr Abdel Wahab - - 2013
Ever since lipoabdominoplasty was first developed to achieve better aesthetic outcomes and less morbidity, the rate of seroma formation, especially in obese patients, has disturbed plastic surgeons. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of fibrin sealant in the prevention of seroma formation after lipoabdominoplasty in obese ...
Dumitrache-Rujinski Stefan S "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania ; "Marius Nasta" Institute of Pneumology, Bucharest, - - 2013
Material and methods: We prospectively evaluated 199 individuals with high pre-test clinical suspicion of OSAS. Of these, 123 patients were morbidly obese (Group A) and 76 were non-obese (Group B). We performed six channel cardio-respiratory polygraphy and assessed the correlation between the Desaturation Index (DI) and the Apnea Hypopnea Index ...
van Straten Albert H M AH Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Catharina Hospital, Eindhoven, The - - 2013
Data relating to the impact of body mass index (BMI) on outcomes after isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR) are scarce and controversial. The study aim was to investigate the predictive value of BMI for early and late mortality after isolated AVR. Data obtained from patients who underwent isolated AVR between ...
Benevides Márcio Luiz ML Center for Teaching and Training, Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia, Cuiabá, MT, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2013
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) occur frequently after laparoscopic bariatric surgery. The combination of haloperidol, dexamethasone, and ondansetron may reduce these undesirable events. The aim of this study was to evaluate the intensity of nausea and pain, the number of vomiting episodes, and morphine consumption in postoperative (PO) obese patients ...
Miyano Go - - 2013
We report four cases of long-gap esophageal atresia (LGEA) treated with thoracoscopic esophagoesophagostomy (TEE) after sequential extrathoracic esophageal elongation (SEEE: Kimura's technique). All initially had gastrostomy, then SEEE. The proximal end of the esophagus was introduced into the apex of the thorax under direct vision during TEE. Mean birth weight ...
Tanaka Shogo - - 2013
Please check and confirm the edit in the following sentence: This study aimed at investigating the safety of hepatic resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in obese patients with cirrhosis in Japan. We reviewed the clinical records of 202 patients with liver cirrhosis, who underwent hepatic resection for HCC between January, ...
Sinha Ashish C - - 2013
Postoperative nausea and vomiting is a major cause of patient dissatisfaction towards surgery. For bariatric surgery, increased vomiting/retching is detrimental to surgical anastomosis. The present study evaluated the efficacy of aprepitant (neurokinin-1 inhibitor) as a prophylactic antiemetic in morbidly obese patients for laparoscopic bariatric surgery. After institutional review board approval, ...
Imamura Naoya - - 2013
Although an antecolic duodenojejunostomy was reported to reduce post-operative delayed gastric emptying (DGE) compared with a retrocolic duodenojejunostomy after a pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PPPD), the long-term effects of these procedures have rarely been studied. The aim of this prospective, randomized, clinical trial was to investigate the influence of the reconstruction route ...
Pallati Pradeep K - - 2013
The prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in the morbidly obese population is as high as 45%. The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of various bariatric procedures in the improvement of GERD. The Bariatric Outcomes Longitudinal Database is a prospective database of patients who undergo bariatric ...
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