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Results 201 - 250 of 2850
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Mizrahi Ido I Department of Surgery, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, P.O.B. 24035, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem, 91240, Israel, - - 2014
Morbidity and mortality following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) occur at acceptable rates, but its safety and efficacy in the elderly are unknown. A retrospective review was performed of all patients aged >60 years who underwent LSG from 2008 to 2012. These patients were 1:2 matched, by gender and body mass index ...
Brooks J J Spatz FGIA, Inc, Great Neck, NY, USA, - - 2014
Most intragastric balloons have 6-month approval. We report results with the Spatz Adjustable Balloon: approved for 12 months and adjustable. Seventy-three patients (mean: age 45.5; weight 114.5 kg; BMI 36.6 kg/m(2)) scheduled for 1-year implantation with Spatz balloon (mean volume 417 ml saline). Adjustments performed for early intolerance and weight loss plateau. Three patients ...
Nicholson Amanda A Faculty of Health and Medicine, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK, LA1 - - 2014
The prevalence of obesity (body mass index (BMI) > 30 kg/m(2)) is increasing in both developed and developing countries, leading to a rise in the numbers of obese patients requiring general anaesthesia. Obese patients are at increased risk of anaesthetic complications, and tracheal intubation can be more difficult. Flexible intubation ...
Wiewiora Maciej M Department of General and Bariatric Surgery and Emergency Medicine in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia, ul. Sklodowskiej-Curie10, 41-800, Zabrze, Poland, - - 2014
Studies have shown that obesity is associated with venous flow disturbances that lead to changes of the biomechanical forces on the venous wall known as shear stress. We hypothesized that weight loss due to bariatric surgery affects the venous hemodynamics and biomechanical forces on the venous wall. The aim of ...
Judge Andy A Oxford NIHR Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Unit, Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford, Windmill Road, Headington, Oxford, OX3 7LD, UK; MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, SO16 6YD, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
To describe whether body mass index (BMI) is a clinically meaningful predictor of patient reported outcomes following primary total hip replacement (THR) surgery DESIGN: Combined data from prospective cohort studies. We obtained information from four cohorts of patients receiving primary THR for osteoarthritis: Exeter Primary Outcomes Study (n=1431); EUROHIP (n=1327); ...
Gremese Elisa E Institute of Rheumatology and Affine Sciences, Division of Rheumatology, Catholic University of The Sacred Heart (UCSC), Rome, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Rheumatology Section, University of Ferrara and Department of Internal Medicine, SS. Annunziata Hospital, Cento, Ferrara, - - 2014
Objective. The objective of this study was to determine whether BMI and gender could lead to a different response rate to anti-TNF agents in patients affected by axial SpA.Methods. One hundred and seventy patients with active axial SpA (defined as a BASDAI ≥4) treated with an anti-TNF agent [adalimumab (ADA), ...
Fan Jie J Department One, Hangzhou Sanatorium of Nanjing Military Region, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310007, - - 2014
Despite some reports about the long-term metabolic outcomes after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) in the Western populations, there are few reports on the Asian population whose body size and fat distribution are different. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the medium-term effects of LAGB on weight loss and ...
Ritz Patrick P Centre Intégré Obésité, Endocrinology Metabolism and Nutrition Department, CHU Toulouse, France; USMR 1027 Inserm Université Paul Sabatier, CHU Toulouse, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The benefits and risks of bariatric surgery are debated in older patients. The objective of this study was to compare the weight changes and adverse outcomes in patients>60 years and in younger ones. The French SOFFCO registry was screened for gastric bypass (RYGB), gastric banding (LAGB), or sleeve gastrectomy (SG) ...
Pauzenberger Reinhard R Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Medical University Innsbruck (MUI), Anichstrasse 35, 6020, Innsbruck, - - 2014
This retrospective study aimed to evaluate how reduction mammaplasty influences the bodyweight of patients 5 years after the procedure. The literature shows controversy regarding the effect of breast reduction on the progression of bodyweight. Between 1 January 2006 and 31 July 2007, 249 reduction mammaplasties were performed in the Department of ...
van Ijsseldijk Emiel A EA Biomechanics and Imaging Group, Department of Orthopaedics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The - - 2014
Measuring the minimum-joint-space-width (mJSW) in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in Roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis (RSA) provides valuable information on polyethylene wear, a leading cause for TKA failure. Most existing studies use non-weight-bearing (NWB) patient positioning. The latter may compromise mJSW measurements due to knee laxity with subsequent non-contact between the TKA ...
Hamanishi Michio M Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima, 734-8551, Japan, - - 2014
In this study, postoperative results of intertrochanteric curved varus osteotomy (CVO) for idiopathic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ION) were studied retrospectively and optimal indication of CVO was considered. Between 1995 and 2011, CVO was performed in 51 patients (53 hips) for the treatment of ION in our department. The ...
Yanagisawa Shinya S Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-39-15 Showa-machi, Maebashi, Gunma, Japan, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to diagnose osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee joint using ultrasound (US). The study subjects included 27 males and 54 females (131 knees), who had a mean age of 62.8 years. US was used to evaluate the medial joint space of both knees in complete extension ...
Cozacov Yaniv Y Department of General Surgery, Bariatric and Metabolic Institute and Section of Minimally Invasive Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Florida, 2950 Cleveland Clinic Blvd, Weston, FL, 33331, - - 2014
The prevalence and severity of obesity in children and adolescents has been increasing in recent years at an unprecedented rate. Morbidly obese children will almost certainly develop severe comorbidities as they progress to adulthood, and bariatric surgery may provide the only alternative for achieving a healthy weight. The aim of ...
Malik Manish G MG Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Approximately 121,000 bariatric surgical procedures are performed annually, and salutary effects include a reduction in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, risk factor modification, and improvement in sympathovagal tone. There are anecdotal accounts of unexplained sinus bradycardia (SB) after significant weight loss but no systematic studies have been conducted. The purpose of ...
Gürbüz Hasan Alper HA Clinic of Cardiovascular Surgery and *Anesthesia, Medicana International Ankara Hospital; Ankara-Turkey. - - 2014
Even with the improvements in surgical techniques and perioperative care, obesity is still a risk factor for occurrence of adverse events following cardiac surgery. In this observational, retrospective study, we aimed to document the effects of obesity on surgical outcomes in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery and find out ...
Kulovitz Michelle G - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate body composition changes in fat mass (FM) to lean body mass (LBM) ratios following 15% body weight loss (WL) in both integrated medical treatment and bariatric surgery groups. Obese patients (body mass index [BMI] 46.6 ± 6.5 kg/m(2)) who underwent laparoscopic gastric ...
Ross Vernon H VH From the Department of Anesthesiology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North - - 2014
There is no current consensus on the optimal technique for subarachnoid anesthesia in morbidly obese parturients even though some providers prefer the combined spinal-epidural (CSE) over single-shot spinal (SSS) technique. In this randomized controlled study, we compared the time required for initiation of subarachnoid anesthesia between SSS and CSE techniques ...
Pohle-Krauza Rachael J RJ Department of Human Ecology, Youngstown State University, Youngstown, Ohio (Dr Pohle-Krauza); Summa Health System, Akron City Hospital, Akron, Ohio (Drs McCarroll, Latta, DiNuoscio, and Krauza and Mr Pannikottu); Northeast Ohio Medical University, Rootstown (Mr Gothard); Children's Hospital Medical Center, Akron, Ohio (Ms Volsko); and Biotstats, Inc, Canton, Ohio (Mr - - 2014
While portable, supplemental oxygen is often necessary for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to retain independence, it may provide functional limitations because of the increased workload imposed. This issue may result in nonuse, creating a need to identify carrying modalities that optimize transport. This study assessed the effects ...
Mitchell Nia S NS the Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, Colorado Health Outcome Program, and Anschutz Health and Wellness Center, and the Department of Family Medicine, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora; and the American Academy of Family Physicians National Research Network, Leawood, - - 2014
Purpose: The purpose of this article was to test whether physical activity, healthy eating, and emotional well-being would improve if patients received feedback about biomarkers that have been shown to be responsive to changes in weight and fitness. Patients were randomized to limited feedback (weight, body mass index [BMI], and ...
Nora Mário - - 2014
Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a condition associated with obesity that identifies individuals with increased cardiovascular risk. Gastric bypass improves several MS components, such as glucose, lipid metabolism and hypertension. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of long-limb gastric bypass on the remission of MS criteria associated ...
Cemerlić-Adjić Nada N Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases of Vojvodina, Sremska Kamenica, - - 2014
It had been suggested that elevated body mass index (BMI) is a beneficial and preventive factor when it comes to the outcome for patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). At the same time, obesity is strongly associated with coronary artery disease development. The aim of this study was to ...
Lim Jeong Hyun JH Department of Food Service and Nutrition Care, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul 110-744, - - 2014
Esophagectomy can result in various postoperative nutrition-related complications that may impair the nutritional status of the patient. In our institution, we usually initiate 16-hour continuous jejunostomy feeding using an enteral feeding pump on postoperative day 2 as a routine protocol after esophagectomy. The target calorie intake was achieved in 6-7 ...
Xu Junxia J Department of Geratology, Fuzhou General Hospital of Nanjing Command, PLA, Fuzhou, Fujian, China ; Department of Geratology, Fozhou General Hospital, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, - - 2014
Currently radiofrequency and cryoballoon ablations are the two standard ablation systems used for catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation; however, there is no universal consensus on which ablation is the optimal choice. We therefore sought to undertake a meta-analysis with special emphases on comparing the efficacy and safety between cryoballoon and ...
Inacio Maria Cs MC Epidemiologist in Surgical Outcomes and Analysis at the San Diego Medical Center in CA. - - 2014
Of 30,632 patients with total joint arthroplasty identified, 34.5% underwent total hip arthroplasty and 65.5% had total knee arthroplasty. Most patients remained the same weight during the year before and after the procedure. Before and after total hip arthroplasty, men were less likely to lose or gain weight than were ...
Tandon Vishal R VR Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutic, Super-Specialty Hospital, Government Medical College, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, - - 2014
The aim of the following study is to evaluate the effect of life-style modification on postmenopausal (PM) overweight and obese Indian women in a randomized controlled 24 week study. Two groups were formed Group I (n = 30) was designated as intervention (dietary and exercise group) and Group II (n ...
Cepni Serdar Kamil SK Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Taksim Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey. - - 2014
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the mid-term outcomes of Oxford Phase 3 unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) in obese patients in terms of prosthesis survival, progression of lateral compartment arthrosis and functional outcomes. Methods: The study included 67 patients, with a body mass index over 30, treated ...
Cui Yinghua Y Department of Anesthesiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University Harbin, - - 2014
To compare the effects of hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4 and HES 200/0.5, which have different molecular weights and degrees of substitution, on microcirculation perfusion and tissue oxygenation in patients undergoing liver surgery. Thirty patients with an American Society of Anesthesiologists status I/II who were scheduled for liver surgery were randomly ...
Yin Xiang-Hua XH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Subei People's Hospital of Jiangsu Province, Clinical Medical College of Yangzhou University Yangzhou, 225000, Jiangsu Province, People's Republic of - - 2014
The purpose of our study was to study the postoperation outcome and incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in endometrial cancer (EC) patients with or without hypertension, diabetes, and obesity. This analysis included 219 patients with endometrial carcinoma who were treated between 2002 and 2012 at the Department of Obstetrics ...
Humphreys Martyn L ML Department of Surgery, North Shore Hospital, Shakespeare Road, Takapuna, Auckland 0622, New Zealand. - - 2014
The duodenal switch (DS) has now established itself as an effective, durable and safe bariatric procedure. We present our initial experience on 60 patients from May 2008 to November 2012. Retrospective case series from a prospective database. 94.8% follow-up over 4 years. 45 patients have completed 1-year follow-up and 28 ...
Biertho L L Division of Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Quebec, Que., - - 2014
Background: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) was originally performed as the restrictive and acid-reducing part of a biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS). It is now recognized as a stand-alone procedure, but direct comparison between the two procedures is still lacking. The goal of this study is to compare the outcomes of ...
Hungerford Marc W MW Orthopaedic Specialty Hospital at Mercy Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland. - - 2014
The goal of this study was to determine whether obesity affects implant positioning or early functional outcome after minimally invasive total hip replacement. The authors evaluated 119 patients who had undergone minimally invasive total hip replacement via a direct anterior approach. The patients were segregated according to World Health Organization ...
Singh Jagwant J Trauma and Orthopaedics Department, Royal London Hospital, London, - - 2014
There is still a debate as to whether radiological guidance is needed for intra-articular hip injections. The aim of this study was to evaluate correct needle positioning for the hip joint performed with a non-radiological method and confirmed on arthrogram under image intensifier. Patients listed for diagnostic and therapeutic hip ...
García-Caballero M M Dept. of Surgery University Malaga, Spain.. - - 2014
Introduction: Super obese patients behave different from simple and morbid obese patients when they reach final changes of body composition (BC) after bariatric surgery. This has led us to tailor One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass (BAGUA) to achieve better results in this group of patients. Patients and Methods: We studied 83 ...
Zhao Jinzhu J Department of Orthopedics, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, 168 Changhai Road, Shanghai 200433, China ; Department of Orthopedics, No. 401 Hospital, Jinan Military Region of PLA, Qingdao, Shandong 266071, - - 2014
Objective. To evaluate the effect of low body mass index (BMI) on blood loss during primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients. Methods. Two hundred seventy-seven consecutive AS patients who underwent primary THA were retrospectively studied. The patients were divided by BMI into an underweight group (BMI ...
Toft Kristensen Tina T 0000-0002-6055-9717 Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Koege Hospital, Region Zealand, 4600 Koege, - - 2014
Background. Weight gain is frequently reported after hemithyroidectomy but the significance is recently discussed. Therefore, the aim of the study was to examine changes in body weight of hemithyroidectomized patients and to evaluate if TSH increase within the reference range could be related to weight gain. Methods. In a controlled ...
Gaszynski Tomasz T 0000-0001-5250-3978 Department of Emergency Medicine and Disaster Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, 90 - 131 Lodz, - - 2014
Introduction. The use of videolaryngoscopes is recommended for morbidly obese patients. The aim of the study was to evaluate the Levitan FPS optical stylet (Levitan) vs Lafy-Flex videolaryngoscope (Lary-Flex) in a group of MO patients. Methods. Seventy-nine MO (BMI > 40 kg m(-2)) patients scheduled for bariatric surgery were included in the ...
Chopra Karan K Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA ; Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Maryland Medical Center, Maryland, - - 2014
The inferior pedicle, Wise-pattern reduction mammaplasty is the most popular technique for breast reduction because of its reproducible results and reliability. However, complication rates in super obese patients or patients receiving large volume reductions are high, ranging from 35 to 78%. These complications include delayed healing, infection, seroma, nipple-areolar complex ...
Chen Xiao-Long XL Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, - - 2014
To compare surgical efficacy and postoperative recovery of ultrasonic scalpel (USS) with conventional techniques for the resection of gastric carcinoma. A systematic search of major medical databases (PubMed, Embase, CCRT and CNKI) was conducted. Both randomized and non-randomized controlled trials (RCTs and nRCTs) were considered eligible. Operation time (OT), intraoperative ...
Kuzmar Isaac I Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Alicante , Alicante , - - 2014
Objective. To explore anthropometric changes in normal-weight, overweight and obese subjects who did not dropout or fail a weight loss program over the 16 treatment weeks to improve patient motivation and treatment adherence. Methods. A clinical intervention study was conducted among 271 (including 100 dropouts and/or failures) obese and overweight ...
Jerome Gerald J GJ http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0612-2626 Department of Kinesiology, Towson University, Towson, MD, United States. - - 2014
Websites and phone apps are increasingly used to track weights during weight loss interventions, yet the longitudinal accuracy of these self-reported weights is uncertain. Our goal was to compare the longitudinal accuracy of self-reported weights entered online during the course of a randomized weight loss trial to measurements taken in ...
Choi Yong Sun YS Department of Urology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, - - 2014
Bariatric surgery is an effective treatment option for both obesity and obesity-related type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, little is known regarding the effects of bariatric surgery on erectile dysfunction among patients with T2DM. Therefore, we investigated whether bariatric surgery would lead to structural and biochemical changes in the corpus ...
Hsieh Taulee T Department of General Surgery, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2013
With increasing worldwide obesity rates, the surgery of choice has become the vertical transected gastric bypass, showing short-term improvements in weight loss and comorbidities. However, corresponding 10-year data regarding such endpoints is limited. The objective of this review was to assess such evidence. A literature search yielded a total of ...
Helena Igelström I Department of Neuroscience, Physiotherapy, Uppsala University, Box 593, BMC, Uppsala, SE-751 24, Sweden, - - 2013
This study aims to evaluate the effects on physical activity (PA) and eating behavior (EB) of a tailored behavioral medicine intervention and first-time continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment compared with first-time CPAP treatment and advice in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and overweight. Seventy-three patients (mean ± SD, 55 ± 12 years) ...
Kawai Manabu M Second Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Wakayama Medical University, 811-1 Kimiidera, Wakayama, 641-8510, - - 2013
We showed in a previous study that pylorus-resecting pancreaticoduodenectomy (PrPD), which divides the stomach adjacent to the pylorus ring, preserves more than 95 % of the stomach and significantly reduced the incidence of delayed gastric emptying (DGE) compared with pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PpPD). However, long-term outcomes of PrPD and the adverse effect ...
Saratzis Athanasios A Warwickshire Vascular and Endovascular Unit, University Hospital Coventry and Warwickshire, Coventry, UK; Department of Vascular Surgery, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece; Department of Research and Development, Dudley Group National Health Service Foundation Trust, Russells Hall Hospital, Dudley, UK. Electronic address: - - 2013
Obesity is increasingly common in patients referred for the management of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Evidence of the effect of obesity on outcomes after endovascular repair (EVAR) is not well established. We sought to compare the immediate and midterm outcomes of elective EVAR between obese and nonobese patients in ...
Giordano Salvatore S Department of Plastic and General Surgery, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland, - - 2013
The impact of preoperative weight loss on outcomes following laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is a controversial issue. We evaluated our outcomes of LRYGB in patients who lost different amount of weight prior to surgery. Patients who underwent primary LRYGB were divided in three groups on the basis of preoperative ...
de Jonge Charlotte C Department of General Surgery and NUTRIM School for Nutrition, Toxicology and Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Center, P. Debyelaan 25, 6229 HX, Maastricht, The Netherlands, - - 2013
Obesity is associated with chronic low-grade systemic inflammation. Bariatric surgery has been shown to reduce this inflammation. Here, the effect of a nonsurgical bariatric technique, the duodenal-jejunal bypass liner (DJBL), on systemic inflammation was investigated. Seventeen obese patients with type 2 diabetes were treated with the DJBL for 6 months. Plasma ...
Keren Dean D Gastroenterology Unit, Bariatric Gastroenterology Clinic, Bnai-Zion Medical Center, Technion Institute of Technology, 47 Golomb Ave, POB 4840, Haifa, 31048, Israel, - - 2013
The role of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has increased over the past 10 years. We present our results of patients who were 5 years out from surgery with regard to safety and long-term efficacy. Retrospective analysis was carried out from prospectively collected data of patients who underwent LSG for morbid obesity. Bariatric ...
Sicras-Mainar A A Dirección de planificación, Badalona Serveis Assistencials SA, Badalona, Barcelona, España. Electronic address: - - 2013
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) is usually accompanied by various comorbidities that can increase the cost of treatment. We are not aware of studies that have determined the costs associated with treating DM2 patients with co-morbidities such as overweight (OW), obesity (OBE) or arterial hypertension (AHT). The aim of the ...
Fusco Mark M Health First Medical Group, Melbourne, - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Obesity is one factor associated with an increased risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This study reports the investigator-reported resolution or improvement of OSA and improvements in sleep-related quality of life (QOL) 2 years after surgical placement of the LAP-BAND AP 1 (LBAP) system. Research design and methods: ...
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