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Biörserud Christina C Department of Surgery, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden; Department of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is a lack of knowledge about the patient's experience of excess skin after bariatric surgery in patients with body mass index, (BMI)>50 kg/m(2). The objective of this study was to evaluate experience of excess skin after laparoscopic biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD/DS) or laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) ...
French Simone A SA Division of Epidemiology & Community Health, School of Public Health, University of - - 2014
Objective: Examine the effect of weekday exposure over six months to different lunch sizes on energy intake and body weight in a free-living sample of working adults. Design and Methods: Adults (n=233) were randomly assigned to one of three lunch size groups (400 kcal; 800 kcal; 1600 kcal) or to ...
Koutourousiou Maria M Departments of Neurological - - 2014
Object Transclival endoscopic endonasal surgery (EES) has recently been used for the treatment of posterior fossa tumors. The optimal method of reconstruction of large clival defects following EES has not been established. Methods A morphometric analysis of the posterior fossa was performed in patients who underwent transclival EES to compare ...
Robinson Athena H AH Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, School of Medicine, Stanford, - - 2014
Prior evidence indicates that predictors of weight loss outcomes after gastric bypass surgery fall within 5 domains: 1) presurgical factors, 2) postsurgical psychosocial variables (e.g., support group attendance), 3) postsurgical eating patterns, 4) postsurgical physical activity, and 5) follow-up at postsurgical clinic. However, little data exist on which specific behavioral ...
Inoue Gen G *Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kitasato University, School of Medicine †Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University ‡Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Teikyo University Chiba Medical - - 2014
Retrospective. To investigate the risk factors for radiographic L5-S1 disk height reduction after lumbar posterolateral floating fusion surgery. We investigated data from 86 patients (45 men) who underwent posterolateral floating fusion surgery from 2007 to 2010. The follow-up was from 2 to 6 years. The mean age of the patients ...
Estay Camila C Colorectal Unit, Surgery Department, Clinica Las Condes, Lo Fontecilla 441, 7550000, Santiago, Chile, - - 2014
Laparoscopic colorectal surgery (LCRS) has several advantages over open surgery, but LCRS has been associated with a higher rate of postoperative complications (POCs) among obese patients [body mass index (BMI), ≥30 kg/m(2)]. The prevalence of obesity in Chile is increasing, up to 25.1 % in 2010, suggesting that a higher percentage of ...
Tzortzis Vassilios V University of Thessaly, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Larissa, - - 2014
The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the impact of stapling devices use on overweight and obese bladder cancer patients treated with radical cystectomy (RC). Fifty-two overweight and 24 obese patients underwent open RC for muscle invasive bladder cancer. Bladder removal was performed using standard suture technique (SST) ...
Reynolds Christopher C Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
Partial nephrectomy (PN) via open or minimally invasive (MI) techniques is the referent standard for managing renal cell carcinoma (RCC) whenever possible. Outcomes of MIPN in the obese patient population are incompletely defined. We investigate the feasibility of MIPN in obesity class I-III patients via comparison of surgical outcomes to ...
Boisnic Sylvie S Institution GREDECO, Paris, France; Department of Plastic and Maxillo-Facial Surgery, University Pitie Salpetriere, Paris, - - 2014
A novel, noninvasive technology, utilizing suction-coupled radiofrequency (RF) heating and ultra-short pulse duration, high-voltage electrical pulses was studied for its efficacy and safety on adipose tissue reduction. Twenty-one subjects underwent treatment of their abdominal fat once weekly for 6 weeks. Clinical outcomes including abdominal circumference, adipose tissue thickness (measured by ...
Ipek A A Uludag University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Animal Science, 16059 Bursa, - - 2014
The aim of the current study was to determine the effects of different eggshell temperatures (EST) during 10 to 18 d of incubation on embryonic development, hatchability, chick quality, first-week broiler performance. The EST were maintained within the temperature ranges of 33.3 to 36.7, 37.8 to 38.2, and 38.9 to ...
Seol Seung Jun SJ Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
To investigate an appropriate depth of needle insertion during trigger point injection into the rhomboid major muscle. Sixty-two patients who visited our department with shoulder or upper back pain participated in this study. The distance between the skin and the rhomboid major muscle (SM) and the distance between the skin ...
Park Jae Hyo JH Department of Physical Therapy, College of Rehabilitation Science, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of treadmill-based gait training using incremental weight loading on the ankle of the affected side on hemiplegic stroke patients' balance. [Subjects] In this study, 30 hemiplegic stroke patients were randomly divided into an incremental weight load group (IWLG, n=15) ...
Peterson Michael A MA Department of Emergency Medicine, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA; Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute, Los Angeles, CA; Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, - - 2014
The objective was to determine if use of ultrasound (US) by emergency physicians (EPs) to localize spinal landmarks improves the performance of lumbar puncture (LP). This was a prospective, randomized, controlled study conducted in a county teaching hospital. Subjects, adults 18 years of age or older who were to receive LPs ...
Tuomilehto Henri H Oivauni Sleep Clinic, Kuopio, Finland; Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, Department of Clinical Nutrition, University of Eastern Finland, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a chronic progressive disease, and it is well-documented that severe OSA is associated with an increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Weight reduction has been shown to improve OSA; however, we need further evidence to determine if it may prevent the progression of OSA in the ...
Giurgius Magdy M Department of Surgery, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, - - 2014
Endoscopic sclerotherapy using sodium morrhuate has been used to treat patients with weight regain after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass whose presumed etiology is loss of restriction due to gastrojejunostomy dilation. Weight loss and stability have been demonstrated in several studies with short-term follow-up evaluation. This retrospective review evaluated all the patients ...
Zhang Fang Fang FF Department of Nutrition Science, Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts; Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, - - 2014
A high prevalence of obesity has been increasingly recognized in survivors of pediatric ALL. However, longitudinal patterns of weight change during and after treatment, and associated factors, are less well elucidated. In a retrospective cohort of 83 pediatric patients with ALL diagnosed between 1985 and 2010, we examined body mass ...
El Nakeeb Ayman A Gastroenterology surgical center, Mansoura University, Egypt. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obesity is a growing worldwide epidemic. There is association between obesity and pancreatic cancer risk. However, the impact of obesity on the outcome of pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) is controversial. The aim of this study was to elucidate effect of obesity on surgical outcomes of PD. A Case-Control Study PATIENT AND METHODS: ...
Kasalicky Mojmir M 2 Medical Faculty of Charles University and Central Military Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic ; Faculty of Health Care and Social Work, Trnava University, Trnava, Slovak - - 2014
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a bariatric procedure with very good long-term weight-reducing and metabolic effects. Here we report 6 years' experience with LSG performed in morbidly obese patients by one surgical team focusing on the impact of the degree of sleeve restriction and safety of the procedure without over-sewing ...
Yuen Kevin C J KC Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Clinical Nutrition (K.C.J.Y., D.M.C.), Department of Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon 97239; Pfizer Endocrine Care (M.K.-H., P.J.J.), Pfizer Inc, SE-190 91 Sollentuna, Sweden; Pfizer Endocrine Care (J.L.F.), Pfizer, Inc, New York, New York 10017; The Saban Research Institute (M.E.G.), Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90027, United States; and Antwerp Centre for Endocrinology (R.A.), Antwerp B-2600, - - 2014
Context: Craniopharyngiomas are often associated with significant morbidity due to their location and treatment effects. Little is known of the effects of primary treatment regimen and diabetes insipidus (DI), a clinical surrogate of hypothalamic obesity, on health outcomes in adults with childhood-onset craniopharyngioma (COCP). Objective: The objective of the study ...
Gonulalan Umut U Department of Urology, Başkent University, Konya, - - 2014
Objective: Skin-to-stone distance (SSD) is a stronger factor than body mass index in predicting the success of shock wave lithotripsy. We aimed to evaluate the impact of SSD on outcomes of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Materials and Methods: The medical records of 1,280 patients who had undergone PCNL between April 2007 ...
Gerner Tom T Surgical Department, Baerum Hospital, Vestre Viken Hospital Trust , - - 2014
Background. The mechanisms of weight loss after gastric bypass, including the role of gastric hormones, are still not completely understood. While postprandial releases of peptide YY (PYY) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) increase post-surgery and ghrelin usually is reduced, their relationship to the magnitude of the weight loss is still obscure. ...
Sharma Aditya A Departments of Surgical Disciplines, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi 110029, - - 2014
The effect of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) on gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) has been a controversial issue. There have been limited studies on this aspect and most of the published studies are retrospective. Therefore, a prospective study was designed to objectively assess the problem. The objective of this study was ...
Malapan Kirubakaran K Bariatric and Metabolic International Surgery Centre, E-Da Hospital, Kaohsiung City, 82445, - - 2014
The beneficial role of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2 DM) in morbidly obese patients has been established; however, there is scant evidence supporting its effectiveness in nonobese T2 DM Asian patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of LRYGB in ...
Karcz W Konrad WK Department of General Surgery, University of Schleswig-Holstein, Campus, Lübeck, - - 2014
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is the procedure with the fastest growing numbers worldwide. Although excellent weight loss can be achieved, one major obstacle of LSG is weight regain due to sleeve dilatation. Banded sleeve gastrectomy (BLSG) has been described as an option to counteract sleeve dilatation and ameliorate weight loss ...
Mückel Simone S 1Wissenschaftliches Institut, Klinik Bavaria, Kreischa, - - 2014
Objective:To compare the immediate effects of an external focus to enhance lateral body weight shift after stroke.Design:Randomized controlled trial.Setting:Inpatient rehabilitation hospital.Subjects:Twenty patients after stroke (11 males; mean (SD) age 72.2 (7.4) years; duration of illness 56 (14) days; there were 9 (45%) left-sided strokes) with impaired sitting balance were randomly ...
Moon Rena C RC Department of Bariatric Surgery, Orlando Regional Medical Center & Bariatric and Laparoscopy Center, Orlando Health, 89 W Copeland Drive, 1st Floor, Orlando, FL, - - 2014
In the literature, weight regain or failure of weight loss has been reported in up to 35 % of patients after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Several revisional procedures have been suggested to reinitiate further weight loss in this group of patients, and placing a silastic ring around the pouch proximal to ...
Wiewiora Maciej M Department of General and Bariatric Surgery and Emergency Medicine, Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the obesity degree on red blood cell aggregation and deformability. We studied 56 obese patients before weight loss surgery who were divided into two groups: morbid obesity and super obesity. The aggregation and deformability of RBCs were evaluated using ...
Hunt Kate K Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, - - 2014
The prevalence of male obesity is increasing but few men take part in weight loss programmes. We assessed the effect of a weight loss and healthy living programme on weight loss in football (soccer) fans. We did a two-group, pragmatic, randomised controlled trial of 747 male football fans aged 35-65 ...
Disse E E Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Nutrition, Specialized and Integrated Center for Obesity Management, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, 165, Chemin du Grand Revoyet, 69495, Pierre Bénite, - - 2014
Despite similar initial results on weight loss and metabolic control, with a better feasibility than the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP), the omega loop bypass (OLB) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to compare the short-term outcomes of the laparoscopic OLB versus the RYGBP in terms of weight loss, ...
Mizrahi Ido I Department of Surgery, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, P.O.B. 24035, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem, 91240, Israel, - - 2014
Morbidity and mortality following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) occur at acceptable rates, but its safety and efficacy in the elderly are unknown. A retrospective review was performed of all patients aged >60 years who underwent LSG from 2008 to 2012. These patients were 1:2 matched, by gender and body mass index ...
Brooks J J Spatz FGIA, Inc, Great Neck, NY, USA, - - 2014
Most intragastric balloons have 6-month approval. We report results with the Spatz Adjustable Balloon: approved for 12 months and adjustable. Seventy-three patients (mean: age 45.5; weight 114.5 kg; BMI 36.6 kg/m(2)) scheduled for 1-year implantation with Spatz balloon (mean volume 417 ml saline). Adjustments performed for early intolerance and weight loss plateau. Three patients ...
Nicholson Amanda A Faculty of Health and Medicine, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK, LA1 - - 2014
The prevalence of obesity (body mass index (BMI) > 30 kg/m(2)) is increasing in both developed and developing countries, leading to a rise in the numbers of obese patients requiring general anaesthesia. Obese patients are at increased risk of anaesthetic complications, and tracheal intubation can be more difficult. Flexible intubation ...
Wiewiora Maciej M Department of General and Bariatric Surgery and Emergency Medicine in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia, ul. Sklodowskiej-Curie10, 41-800, Zabrze, Poland, - - 2014
Studies have shown that obesity is associated with venous flow disturbances that lead to changes of the biomechanical forces on the venous wall known as shear stress. We hypothesized that weight loss due to bariatric surgery affects the venous hemodynamics and biomechanical forces on the venous wall. The aim of ...
Judge Andy A Oxford NIHR Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Unit, Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford, Windmill Road, Headington, Oxford, OX3 7LD, UK; MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, SO16 6YD, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
To describe whether body mass index (BMI) is a clinically meaningful predictor of patient reported outcomes following primary total hip replacement (THR) surgery DESIGN: Combined data from prospective cohort studies. We obtained information from four cohorts of patients receiving primary THR for osteoarthritis: Exeter Primary Outcomes Study (n=1431); EUROHIP (n=1327); ...
Gremese Elisa E Institute of Rheumatology and Affine Sciences, Division of Rheumatology, Catholic University of The Sacred Heart (UCSC), Rome, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Rheumatology Section, University of Ferrara and Department of Internal Medicine, SS. Annunziata Hospital, Cento, Ferrara, - - 2014
Objective. The objective of this study was to determine whether BMI and gender could lead to a different response rate to anti-TNF agents in patients affected by axial SpA.Methods. One hundred and seventy patients with active axial SpA (defined as a BASDAI ≥4) treated with an anti-TNF agent [adalimumab (ADA), ...
Fan Jie J Department One, Hangzhou Sanatorium of Nanjing Military Region, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310007, - - 2014
Despite some reports about the long-term metabolic outcomes after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) in the Western populations, there are few reports on the Asian population whose body size and fat distribution are different. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the medium-term effects of LAGB on weight loss and ...
Ritz Patrick P Centre Intégré Obésité, Endocrinology Metabolism and Nutrition Department, CHU Toulouse, France; USMR 1027 Inserm Université Paul Sabatier, CHU Toulouse, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The benefits and risks of bariatric surgery are debated in older patients. The objective of this study was to compare the weight changes and adverse outcomes in patients>60 years and in younger ones. The French SOFFCO registry was screened for gastric bypass (RYGB), gastric banding (LAGB), or sleeve gastrectomy (SG) ...
Pauzenberger Reinhard R Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Medical University Innsbruck (MUI), Anichstrasse 35, 6020, Innsbruck, - - 2014
This retrospective study aimed to evaluate how reduction mammaplasty influences the bodyweight of patients 5 years after the procedure. The literature shows controversy regarding the effect of breast reduction on the progression of bodyweight. Between 1 January 2006 and 31 July 2007, 249 reduction mammaplasties were performed in the Department of ...
van Ijsseldijk Emiel A EA Biomechanics and Imaging Group, Department of Orthopaedics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The - - 2014
Measuring the minimum-joint-space-width (mJSW) in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in Roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis (RSA) provides valuable information on polyethylene wear, a leading cause for TKA failure. Most existing studies use non-weight-bearing (NWB) patient positioning. The latter may compromise mJSW measurements due to knee laxity with subsequent non-contact between the TKA ...
Hamanishi Michio M Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima, 734-8551, Japan, - - 2014
In this study, postoperative results of intertrochanteric curved varus osteotomy (CVO) for idiopathic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ION) were studied retrospectively and optimal indication of CVO was considered. Between 1995 and 2011, CVO was performed in 51 patients (53 hips) for the treatment of ION in our department. The ...
Yanagisawa Shinya S Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-39-15 Showa-machi, Maebashi, Gunma, Japan, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to diagnose osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee joint using ultrasound (US). The study subjects included 27 males and 54 females (131 knees), who had a mean age of 62.8 years. US was used to evaluate the medial joint space of both knees in complete extension ...
Cozacov Yaniv Y Department of General Surgery, Bariatric and Metabolic Institute and Section of Minimally Invasive Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Florida, 2950 Cleveland Clinic Blvd, Weston, FL, 33331, - - 2014
The prevalence and severity of obesity in children and adolescents has been increasing in recent years at an unprecedented rate. Morbidly obese children will almost certainly develop severe comorbidities as they progress to adulthood, and bariatric surgery may provide the only alternative for achieving a healthy weight. The aim of ...
Malik Manish G MG Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Approximately 121,000 bariatric surgical procedures are performed annually, and salutary effects include a reduction in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, risk factor modification, and improvement in sympathovagal tone. There are anecdotal accounts of unexplained sinus bradycardia (SB) after significant weight loss but no systematic studies have been conducted. The purpose of ...
Gürbüz Hasan Alper HA Clinic of Cardiovascular Surgery and *Anesthesia, Medicana International Ankara Hospital; Ankara-Turkey. - - 2014
Even with the improvements in surgical techniques and perioperative care, obesity is still a risk factor for occurrence of adverse events following cardiac surgery. In this observational, retrospective study, we aimed to document the effects of obesity on surgical outcomes in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery and find out ...
Kulovitz Michelle G - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate body composition changes in fat mass (FM) to lean body mass (LBM) ratios following 15% body weight loss (WL) in both integrated medical treatment and bariatric surgery groups. Obese patients (body mass index [BMI] 46.6 ± 6.5 kg/m(2)) who underwent laparoscopic gastric ...
Ross Vernon H VH From the Department of Anesthesiology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North - - 2014
There is no current consensus on the optimal technique for subarachnoid anesthesia in morbidly obese parturients even though some providers prefer the combined spinal-epidural (CSE) over single-shot spinal (SSS) technique. In this randomized controlled study, we compared the time required for initiation of subarachnoid anesthesia between SSS and CSE techniques ...
Pohle-Krauza Rachael J RJ Department of Human Ecology, Youngstown State University, Youngstown, Ohio (Dr Pohle-Krauza); Summa Health System, Akron City Hospital, Akron, Ohio (Drs McCarroll, Latta, DiNuoscio, and Krauza and Mr Pannikottu); Northeast Ohio Medical University, Rootstown (Mr Gothard); Children's Hospital Medical Center, Akron, Ohio (Ms Volsko); and Biotstats, Inc, Canton, Ohio (Mr - - 2014
While portable, supplemental oxygen is often necessary for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to retain independence, it may provide functional limitations because of the increased workload imposed. This issue may result in nonuse, creating a need to identify carrying modalities that optimize transport. This study assessed the effects ...
Mitchell Nia S NS the Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, Colorado Health Outcome Program, and Anschutz Health and Wellness Center, and the Department of Family Medicine, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora; and the American Academy of Family Physicians National Research Network, Leawood, - - 2014
Purpose: The purpose of this article was to test whether physical activity, healthy eating, and emotional well-being would improve if patients received feedback about biomarkers that have been shown to be responsive to changes in weight and fitness. Patients were randomized to limited feedback (weight, body mass index [BMI], and ...
Nora Mário - - 2014
Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a condition associated with obesity that identifies individuals with increased cardiovascular risk. Gastric bypass improves several MS components, such as glucose, lipid metabolism and hypertension. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of long-limb gastric bypass on the remission of MS criteria associated ...
Cemerlić-Adjić Nada N Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases of Vojvodina, Sremska Kamenica, - - 2014
It had been suggested that elevated body mass index (BMI) is a beneficial and preventive factor when it comes to the outcome for patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). At the same time, obesity is strongly associated with coronary artery disease development. The aim of this study was to ...
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