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Spivak Hadar H Department of Surgery C, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, 2 Sheba Rd., Tel Hashomer, 56261, Israel, - - 2014
The optimal size of bougie in laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the first-year outcome of LSG using two different sizes of bougies. This study used a single institute retrospective case-control study of two groups of patients. Group A (N = 66) underwent LSG ...
Lang Hayley M HM Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, - - 2014
Records were reviewed for 2 horses with partial glossectomy, 1 traumatic and 1 elective. According to long-term follow-up by telephone, both horses had recovered well, experiencing only temporary difficulty while eating, and went on to be ridden successfully using mouth bits. Partial glossectomy, therefore, had a favorable prognosis in 2 ...
Silva-Neto Epifanio Feitosa da EF Department of Nutrition, Federal University of Sergipe, Aracaju, SE, - - 2014
Background : The conventional treatment of obesity presents unsatisfactory results on weight loss and its long-term sustainability, therefore bariatric surgery has been suggested as an effective therapy, determining sustainable long-term weight loss, reversal of components of cardiometabolic risk and improved quality and life expectancy. Aim : To investigate the clinical ...
Azadi Ali A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Women's Health University of Louisville Louisville, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to compare the anatomical outcome of robotic sacrocolpopexy for pelvic organ prolapse in women with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 and higher to those with a BMI under 30. This is a retrospective chart review. POP-Q measurements preoperatively and 12 months postoperatively ...
Madsen Adam A - - 2014
There has been an increase in the prevalence of morbid obesity and the demand for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Physicians must help patients with bilateral knee arthritis to make informed decisions regarding whether to undergo staged, sequential, or simultaneous TKA. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the perioperative ...
Duchman Kyle R - - 2014
Patients frequently report functional and subjective improvement following total hip (THA) and knee arthroplasty (TKA), but these improvements do not correlate with decreased body weight at 1- and 2-year follow-up. The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate changes in body weight following THA and TKA at longer follow-up ...
Quah C C Derby Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, - - 2014
The primary aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between obesity and recurrent intervertebral disc prolapse (IDP) following lumbar microdiscectomy. A retrospective review of case notes from 2008 to 2012 was conducted for all patients who underwent single level lumbar microdiscectomy performed by a single surgeon. All patients ...
Bakir Ihsan - - 2014
The impact of a minimally invasive approach on patient-prosthesis mismatch (PPM) in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR) remains unknown. The study aim was to identify the impact of a minimally invasive approach for AVR on the incidence of PPM. The results of a single-center experience in 506 patients who ...
Herman Katya M KM Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, McGill University, 475 Pine Ave W, Montreal, QC, H2W 1S4, Canada, - - 2014
Bariatric surgery patients often exhibit low levels of physical activity (PA), despite the presumed importance of PA as an adjunct to surgery for successful weight loss. Little is known regarding the associations of PA and sedentary behaviors to weight loss outcomes in the long term following surgery. The objective of ...
Romero-Talamás Héctor H Bariatric and Metabolic Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2014
Obesity is a risk factor for the development of gout. An increased incidence of early gouty attacks after bariatric surgery has been reported, but the data is sparse. The effect of weight loss surgery on the behavior of gout beyond the immediate postoperative phase remains unclear. The objective of this ...
Jr Gildasio S De Oliveira GS Gildasio S De Oliveira Jr, Paul Fitzgerald, Shireen Ahmad, Rohit Rahangdale, Robert McCarthy, Department of Anesthesiology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, United - - 2014
To estimate an effect size for the transversus abdominis plane (TAP) infiltration on quality of recovery in patients undergoing laparoscopic gastric band surgery. The pilot study was a randomized, double blinded, placebo controlled trial. Patients undergoing laparoscopic gastric band surgery were randomized to receive a bilateral TAP infiltration with 20 ...
Gaszynski Tomasz T Department of Emergency and Disaster Medicine, Chair of Anesthesiology and Intensive Therapy, Medical University of Lodz, - - 2014
The open or laparoscopic procedure has an important influence on the hemodynamic function in morbidly obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery. The anesthesiologist and surgeon must be aware of changes in hemodynamic performance during laparoscopy or laparotomy under general anesthesia. TO EVALUATE AND COMPARE THE HEMODYNAMICS IN TWO TYPES OF SURGERY: ...
Gumbau Verónica V Esophago-gastric and Bariatric Surgery Unit, Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Consorcio Hospital General Universitario, Valencia, Spain, - - 2014
Different hormones and peptides involved in inflammation have been studied in and related to obesity. The aim of our work is to assess the variations of different molecules related to inflammation in obese patients during the first year following sleeve gastrectomy. This was a prospective study on patients who underwent ...
Limbach K E KE Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, - - 2014
African-Americans have been shown to have poorer weight loss outcomes after bariatric surgery, and many reasons for such outcomes have been postulated, including metabolic and genetic differences, socioeconomic factors, and differences in culture. African-Americans have also been noted to have differences from the majority population in other psychosocial correlates to ...
Petermann Julie J LUNAM Université, Oniris, Nantes-Atlantic College of Veterinary Medicine and Food Sciences and Engineering, F-44307 Nantes, France; Anses Niort Laboratory, French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety, F-79024 Niort, - - 2014
Preliminary results obtained in calves, lambs and goat kids infected by Cryptosporidium sp. have indicated a partial prophylactic efficacy of halofuginone lactate when administered at 100μg/kg body weight (BW). In this study, the efficacy of halofuginone lactate was evaluated in goat neonates experimentally inoculated with Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts per oral ...
McLaughlin Jeffrey R JR Kennedy Center @ Mercy Medical Center, Oshkosh, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an uncemented tapered femoral component in obese patients at a mean follow-up of 23years. We retrospectively reviewed 119 consecutive uncemented total hip arthroplasties in 105 obese patients using a tapered femoral component between 1983 and 1987. The mean body ...
Frohme Carsten - - 2014
Only limited data are available on the outcome of tension-free obturator tape (TOT) procedures in overweight and obese women. We would like to verify the objective and subjective outcomes of TOT in women with a higher body mass index (BMI). We evaluated the records of 116 patients who had undergone ...
Eid George M GM Division of Minimally Invasive Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania2Department of Veterans Affairs, Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Revisional laparoscopic surgery after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) has been linked to substantial complications and morbidity. OBJECTIVE To investigate the safety and effectiveness of endoscopic gastric plication with the StomaphyX device vs a sham procedure for revisional surgery in RYGB patients to reduce regained weight. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS ...
Schneider David F DF Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine how the timing of thyroidectomy influenced postoperative weight change. We conducted a two-institution study, identifying patients treated with total thyroidectomy for hyperthyroidism. Patients were classified as 'early' if they were referred for surgery as the first treatment option, or 'delayed' if they ...
Helmiö M M Division of Digestive Surgery and Urology, Turku University Hospital, Turku, - - 2014
The long-term efficacy of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in the treatment of morbid obesity has already been demonstrated. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy has shown promising short-term results, but the long-term efficacy is still unclear. The aim of this prospective randomized multicenter study is to compare the results of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass ...
Rogge Barbara P BP Department of Heart Disease, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
We tested the hypothesis that the disproportionate increase of body surface area in obesity may lead to the overestimation of aortic stenosis (AS) severity when the aortic valve area (AVA) is indexed (AVAI) for body surface area in 1,524 patients enrolled in the Simvastatin and Ezetimibe in AS study. Obesity ...
Biörserud Christina C Department of Surgery, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden; Department of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is a lack of knowledge about the patient's experience of excess skin after bariatric surgery in patients with body mass index, (BMI)>50 kg/m(2). The objective of this study was to evaluate experience of excess skin after laparoscopic biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD/DS) or laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) ...
French Simone A SA Division of Epidemiology & Community Health, School of Public Health, University of - - 2014
Objective: Examine the effect of weekday exposure over six months to different lunch sizes on energy intake and body weight in a free-living sample of working adults. Design and Methods: Adults (n=233) were randomly assigned to one of three lunch size groups (400 kcal; 800 kcal; 1600 kcal) or to ...
Koutourousiou Maria M Departments of Neurological - - 2014
Object Transclival endoscopic endonasal surgery (EES) has recently been used for the treatment of posterior fossa tumors. The optimal method of reconstruction of large clival defects following EES has not been established. Methods A morphometric analysis of the posterior fossa was performed in patients who underwent transclival EES to compare ...
Robinson Athena H AH Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, School of Medicine, Stanford, - - 2014
Prior evidence indicates that predictors of weight loss outcomes after gastric bypass surgery fall within 5 domains: 1) presurgical factors, 2) postsurgical psychosocial variables (e.g., support group attendance), 3) postsurgical eating patterns, 4) postsurgical physical activity, and 5) follow-up at postsurgical clinic. However, little data exist on which specific behavioral ...
Inoue Gen G *Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kitasato University, School of Medicine †Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University ‡Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Teikyo University Chiba Medical - - 2014
Retrospective. To investigate the risk factors for radiographic L5-S1 disk height reduction after lumbar posterolateral floating fusion surgery. We investigated data from 86 patients (45 men) who underwent posterolateral floating fusion surgery from 2007 to 2010. The follow-up was from 2 to 6 years. The mean age of the patients ...
Estay Camila C Colorectal Unit, Surgery Department, Clinica Las Condes, Lo Fontecilla 441, 7550000, Santiago, Chile, - - 2014
Laparoscopic colorectal surgery (LCRS) has several advantages over open surgery, but LCRS has been associated with a higher rate of postoperative complications (POCs) among obese patients [body mass index (BMI), ≥30 kg/m(2)]. The prevalence of obesity in Chile is increasing, up to 25.1 % in 2010, suggesting that a higher percentage of ...
Tzortzis Vassilios V University of Thessaly, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Larissa, - - 2014
The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the impact of stapling devices use on overweight and obese bladder cancer patients treated with radical cystectomy (RC). Fifty-two overweight and 24 obese patients underwent open RC for muscle invasive bladder cancer. Bladder removal was performed using standard suture technique (SST) ...
Reynolds Christopher C Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
Partial nephrectomy (PN) via open or minimally invasive (MI) techniques is the referent standard for managing renal cell carcinoma (RCC) whenever possible. Outcomes of MIPN in the obese patient population are incompletely defined. We investigate the feasibility of MIPN in obesity class I-III patients via comparison of surgical outcomes to ...
Boisnic Sylvie S Institution GREDECO, Paris, France; Department of Plastic and Maxillo-Facial Surgery, University Pitie Salpetriere, Paris, - - 2014
A novel, noninvasive technology, utilizing suction-coupled radiofrequency (RF) heating and ultra-short pulse duration, high-voltage electrical pulses was studied for its efficacy and safety on adipose tissue reduction. Twenty-one subjects underwent treatment of their abdominal fat once weekly for 6 weeks. Clinical outcomes including abdominal circumference, adipose tissue thickness (measured by ...
Ipek A A Uludag University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Animal Science, 16059 Bursa, - - 2014
The aim of the current study was to determine the effects of different eggshell temperatures (EST) during 10 to 18 d of incubation on embryonic development, hatchability, chick quality, first-week broiler performance. The EST were maintained within the temperature ranges of 33.3 to 36.7, 37.8 to 38.2, and 38.9 to ...
Seol Seung Jun SJ Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
To investigate an appropriate depth of needle insertion during trigger point injection into the rhomboid major muscle. Sixty-two patients who visited our department with shoulder or upper back pain participated in this study. The distance between the skin and the rhomboid major muscle (SM) and the distance between the skin ...
Park Jae Hyo JH Department of Physical Therapy, College of Rehabilitation Science, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of treadmill-based gait training using incremental weight loading on the ankle of the affected side on hemiplegic stroke patients' balance. [Subjects] In this study, 30 hemiplegic stroke patients were randomly divided into an incremental weight load group (IWLG, n=15) ...
Peterson Michael A MA Department of Emergency Medicine, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA; Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute, Los Angeles, CA; Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, - - 2014
The objective was to determine if use of ultrasound (US) by emergency physicians (EPs) to localize spinal landmarks improves the performance of lumbar puncture (LP). This was a prospective, randomized, controlled study conducted in a county teaching hospital. Subjects, adults 18 years of age or older who were to receive LPs ...
Tuomilehto Henri H Oivauni Sleep Clinic, Kuopio, Finland; Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, Department of Clinical Nutrition, University of Eastern Finland, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a chronic progressive disease, and it is well-documented that severe OSA is associated with an increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Weight reduction has been shown to improve OSA; however, we need further evidence to determine if it may prevent the progression of OSA in the ...
Giurgius Magdy M Department of Surgery, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, - - 2014
Endoscopic sclerotherapy using sodium morrhuate has been used to treat patients with weight regain after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass whose presumed etiology is loss of restriction due to gastrojejunostomy dilation. Weight loss and stability have been demonstrated in several studies with short-term follow-up evaluation. This retrospective review evaluated all the patients ...
Zhang Fang Fang FF Department of Nutrition Science, Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts; Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, - - 2014
A high prevalence of obesity has been increasingly recognized in survivors of pediatric ALL. However, longitudinal patterns of weight change during and after treatment, and associated factors, are less well elucidated. In a retrospective cohort of 83 pediatric patients with ALL diagnosed between 1985 and 2010, we examined body mass ...
El Nakeeb Ayman A Gastroenterology surgical center, Mansoura University, Egypt. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obesity is a growing worldwide epidemic. There is association between obesity and pancreatic cancer risk. However, the impact of obesity on the outcome of pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) is controversial. The aim of this study was to elucidate effect of obesity on surgical outcomes of PD. A Case-Control Study PATIENT AND METHODS: ...
Kasalicky Mojmir M 2 Medical Faculty of Charles University and Central Military Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic ; Faculty of Health Care and Social Work, Trnava University, Trnava, Slovak - - 2014
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a bariatric procedure with very good long-term weight-reducing and metabolic effects. Here we report 6 years' experience with LSG performed in morbidly obese patients by one surgical team focusing on the impact of the degree of sleeve restriction and safety of the procedure without over-sewing ...
Yuen Kevin C J KC Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Clinical Nutrition (K.C.J.Y., D.M.C.), Department of Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon 97239; Pfizer Endocrine Care (M.K.-H., P.J.J.), Pfizer Inc, SE-190 91 Sollentuna, Sweden; Pfizer Endocrine Care (J.L.F.), Pfizer, Inc, New York, New York 10017; The Saban Research Institute (M.E.G.), Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90027, United States; and Antwerp Centre for Endocrinology (R.A.), Antwerp B-2600, - - 2014
Context: Craniopharyngiomas are often associated with significant morbidity due to their location and treatment effects. Little is known of the effects of primary treatment regimen and diabetes insipidus (DI), a clinical surrogate of hypothalamic obesity, on health outcomes in adults with childhood-onset craniopharyngioma (COCP). Objective: The objective of the study ...
Gonulalan Umut U Department of Urology, Ba┼čkent University, Konya, - - 2014
Objective: Skin-to-stone distance (SSD) is a stronger factor than body mass index in predicting the success of shock wave lithotripsy. We aimed to evaluate the impact of SSD on outcomes of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Materials and Methods: The medical records of 1,280 patients who had undergone PCNL between April 2007 ...
Gerner Tom T Surgical Department, Baerum Hospital, Vestre Viken Hospital Trust , - - 2014
Background. The mechanisms of weight loss after gastric bypass, including the role of gastric hormones, are still not completely understood. While postprandial releases of peptide YY (PYY) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) increase post-surgery and ghrelin usually is reduced, their relationship to the magnitude of the weight loss is still obscure. ...
Sharma Aditya A Departments of Surgical Disciplines, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi 110029, - - 2014
The effect of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) on gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) has been a controversial issue. There have been limited studies on this aspect and most of the published studies are retrospective. Therefore, a prospective study was designed to objectively assess the problem. The objective of this study was ...
Malapan Kirubakaran K Bariatric and Metabolic International Surgery Centre, E-Da Hospital, Kaohsiung City, 82445, - - 2014
The beneficial role of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2 DM) in morbidly obese patients has been established; however, there is scant evidence supporting its effectiveness in nonobese T2 DM Asian patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of LRYGB in ...
Karcz W Konrad WK Department of General Surgery, University of Schleswig-Holstein, Campus, Lübeck, - - 2014
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is the procedure with the fastest growing numbers worldwide. Although excellent weight loss can be achieved, one major obstacle of LSG is weight regain due to sleeve dilatation. Banded sleeve gastrectomy (BLSG) has been described as an option to counteract sleeve dilatation and ameliorate weight loss ...
Mückel Simone S 1Wissenschaftliches Institut, Klinik Bavaria, Kreischa, - - 2014
Objective:To compare the immediate effects of an external focus to enhance lateral body weight shift after stroke.Design:Randomized controlled trial.Setting:Inpatient rehabilitation hospital.Subjects:Twenty patients after stroke (11 males; mean (SD) age 72.2 (7.4) years; duration of illness 56 (14) days; there were 9 (45%) left-sided strokes) with impaired sitting balance were randomly ...
Moon Rena C RC Department of Bariatric Surgery, Orlando Regional Medical Center & Bariatric and Laparoscopy Center, Orlando Health, 89 W Copeland Drive, 1st Floor, Orlando, FL, - - 2014
In the literature, weight regain or failure of weight loss has been reported in up to 35 % of patients after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Several revisional procedures have been suggested to reinitiate further weight loss in this group of patients, and placing a silastic ring around the pouch proximal to ...
Wiewiora Maciej M Department of General and Bariatric Surgery and Emergency Medicine, Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the obesity degree on red blood cell aggregation and deformability. We studied 56 obese patients before weight loss surgery who were divided into two groups: morbid obesity and super obesity. The aggregation and deformability of RBCs were evaluated using ...
Hunt Kate K Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, - - 2014
The prevalence of male obesity is increasing but few men take part in weight loss programmes. We assessed the effect of a weight loss and healthy living programme on weight loss in football (soccer) fans. We did a two-group, pragmatic, randomised controlled trial of 747 male football fans aged 35-65 ...
Disse E E Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Nutrition, Specialized and Integrated Center for Obesity Management, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, 165, Chemin du Grand Revoyet, 69495, Pierre Bénite, - - 2014
Despite similar initial results on weight loss and metabolic control, with a better feasibility than the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP), the omega loop bypass (OLB) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to compare the short-term outcomes of the laparoscopic OLB versus the RYGBP in terms of weight loss, ...
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