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Li Li L Department of Anaesthesia, Tianjin Union Medicine Centre, Tianjin, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficiency of ventilation using a novel chin-lift mask compared with an oropharyngeal airway (OPA) with EC-clamp technique in obese patients. Obese patients scheduled for cholecystectomy under general anaesthesia were divided into two groups: the OPA group, in which a standard mask and OPA with the EC-clamp technique ...
Lalanne Arnaud A *Reference Centre for Congenital and Malformative Esophageal Diseases, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Jeanne de Flandre Children's Hospital, Lille University. Lille, France †Department of Biostatistics, CHRU Lille, Univ Lille Nord de France, F-59000 Lille, - - 2014
To analyze the long-term follow-up of children receiving PEG in terms of survival, nutritional outcome and weaning from enteral nutrition. The secondary objectives were to evaluate the complications related to PEG and the outcome of patients with neurologic disability. This was a single centre retrospective study including all the 368 ...
Serebrakian Arman T AT Musculoskeletal and Quantitative Imaging Research Group, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, - - 2014
To assess whether changes in knee cartilage MR-based T2 relaxation times are associated with weight loss in individuals with risk factors for knee osteoarthritis (OA) compared with controls with stable weight. One hundred twenty-seven individuals with risk factors for knee OA were studied: 62 subjects had a body mass index ...
Ojeda Castillejo Elena E Servicio de Neumología, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obesity is associated with 2 closely related respiratory diseases: obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) and obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). It has been shown that noninvasive ventilation during sleep produces clinical and functional improvement in these patients. The long-term survival rate with this treatment, and the difference in clinical progress in ...
Argenta Peter P Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obesity increases risk for endometrial neoplasia, but neither the pathophysiology nor the effects of weight loss on the risk are well established. We attempted to characterize the molecular profile of the endometrium of asymptomatic women with morbid obesity before and following bariatric surgery-induced weight loss. 59 asymptomatic, morbidly obese women ...
De Vecchis R R Cardiology Unit Presidio Sanitario Intermedio "'Elena d'Aosta" Naples, Italy - - - 2014
Intravenous diuretics at relatively high doses are currently used for treating acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). However, the existence of harmful side effects diuretic-related, such as electrolyte abnormalities, symptomatic hypotension and marked neuro-hormonal activation have led researchers to implement alternative therapeutic tools such as isolated ultrafiltration (IUF). Our study aimed ...
Worley Michael J MJ Jr Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
To compare primary debulking surgery (PDS) vs. neoadjuvant chemotherapy with interval debulking surgery (NACT-IDS) among obese patients. Medical records of patients with a BMI ≥30 kg/m(2) with ovarian/fallopian tube/primary peritoneal carcinoma between January 2005 and December 2010 were reviewed. Patients were separated by PDS or NACT-IDS. Preoperative characteristics, surgical procedures ...
Khor Y H - - 2014
Both low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) and unfractionated heparin (UFH) have been shown to be equivalent in efficacy and safety profiles for the management of pulmonary embolism (PE). To assess the real world management of anticoagulation in PE in a tertiary hospital setting. An audit of patients with a new diagnosis of ...
Heymann Anthony A Family Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
In the Liraglutide Effect and Action in Diabetes (LEAD) randomized clinical trials (RCTs) assessing liraglutide in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), glycated hemoglobin (A1c) was reduced by 7-16 mmol/mol and weight by up to 3.4 kg. As real-life efficacy data on liraglutide is limited, the authors assessed clinical effects in a real-life ...
Bekheit Mohamed M Minimal Invasive Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, El Kabbary General Hospital, El Kabbary, Alexandria, Egypt, - - 2014
Identifying factors that influence weight loss after bariatric surgery is one way to predict a successful surgical outcome. Knowledge of the effect of gender on weight loss after bariatric surgery has not been well demonstrated in the literature despite being noted in every day practice. The aim of this study ...
Gullo Salvatore - - 2014
A time-lagged design was used to examine how the perceptions of alliance to the group as a whole by the other group members at an earlier point in the group were related to an individual group member's perceptions of alliance to the group as a whole at a later point ...
Nosewicz Tomasz L TL Department of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology, Kantonsspital Baselland Liestal, Liestal, - - 2014
Varus and valgus talar tilt in weight-bearing ankles can be explained by loss of peritalar stability allowing the talus to shift and rotate on the calcaneal and navicular surfaces. Little is known about the underlying destabilization process or the resulting talar malpositions. The purpose of this study was to determine ...
McArthur Benjamin A BA 1 Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota - - - 2014
Introduction: Acetabular component position can be an important determinant of joint stability and bearing surface wear after THA. Nonetheless, the incidence of malpositioning is high. Patient obesity, low surgeon volume, and minimally invasive approaches are known risk factors for malposition. As the incidence of obesity continues to increase, it is ...
Noel Patrick P Clinique la Casamance, Aubagne, - - 2014
Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is a common bariatric procedure associated with a high rate of weight loss failure and/or complications in the long term. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that the conversion of failed LAGB into laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is not associated with ...
Pullan Mark M Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital, Liverpool, - - 2014
To determine if on- or off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) makes a difference to in-hospital mortality and long-term survival in obese patients. Analysis of consecutive patients on a validated prospective cardiac surgery database was performed for patients undergoing isolated CABG. Obesity was defined as a body mass index (BMI) ...
Carraway Marissa E ME 1 Department of Psychology, East Carolina University , Greenville, - - 2014
Abstract Background: Immersion treatment (IT) provided in a camp setting has been shown to promote short-term improvements in weight and health status in obese adolescents. However, evidence of IT's long-term efficacy and efficacy for multi-ethnic and lower socioeconomic status (SES) adolescents is limited. Methods: This was a cohort study with ...
Coleman Karen J KJ Department of Research and Evaluation, Southern California Permanente Medical Group, Pasadena, California. Electronic address: - - 2014
A registry was created for patients having procedures for weight loss from 2004 to the present time at a large integrated healthcare system. The objective of this study was to compare findings to the literature and national quality monitoring databases and present 3-year weight loss outcomes. Patients are passively enrolled ...
Panagiotounakou P P NICU-General Hospital 'Agios Panteleimon', Piraeus, - - 2014
Objective:The use of peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICC lines) has reduced the mortality and morbidity of premature newborns. The usual sites of insertion are the veins in the upper arms but other locations are being used as well.Study Design:To examine whether using the axillary vein as a site of ...
Burgerhart Jan S JS Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584, CX, Utrecht, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is effective as a stand-alone bariatric procedure. Despite its positive effect with regard to weight loss and improvement of obesity-related co-morbidities, some patients develop gastroesophageal reflux symptoms postoperatively. The pathogenesis of these symptoms is not completely understood. Hence, this study aimed to assess the effect of ...
Koizumi Masaru M Department of Surgery, Jichi Medical University School of Medicine, Yakushiji 3311-1, Shimotsuke, Tochigi, 329-0498, - - 2014
Ghrelin may lead to weight gain by appetite stimulation. This prospective study investigated the association between weight loss and the ghrelin levels in patients after gastrectomy. Thirty-three males and eight females were enrolled in the study. The average age was 66 years. Measurements of the serum ghrelin level and an appetite ...
Ranieri Dante D Jr Department of Anesthesioloy, Hospital do Coração de Balneário Camboriu, Balneário Camboriu, SC, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
this study investigated the influence of anatomical predictors on difficult laryngoscopy and orotracheal intubation in obese patients by comparing Macintosh and Airtraq™ laryngoscopes. from 132 bariatric surgery patients (body mass index≥35kgm(-1)), cervical perimeter, sternomental distance, interincisor distance, and Mallampati score were recorded. The patients were randomized into two groups according ...
Lee Sangoh S Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery Unit, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital NHS Trust, London, UK, - - 2014
Different gastrojejunal anastomotic (GJA) techniques have been described in laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). There is conflicting data on whether one technique is superior to the other. We aimed to compare hand-sewn (HSA), circular-stapled (CSA) and linear-stapled (LSA) anastomotic techniques in terms of stricture rates and their impact on subsequent ...
Donini Lorenzo M LM Department of Experimental Medicine, Medical Pathophysiology, Food Science and Endocrinology Section, "Sapienza" University of Rome, P.le Aldo Moro, 5, 00185, Rome, Italy, - - 2014
Obesity is a chronic disease as well as a risk factor for cardiovascular, metabolic and osteoarticular diseases, affecting the psychosocial health and the quality of life. Recent evidence suggests that the adequate treatment of obesity should provide a multidimensional multidisciplinary approach including nutritional therapy, psycho-educational classes and physical reconditioning/motor rehabilitation. ...
Spivak Hadar H Department of Surgery C, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, 2 Sheba Rd., Tel Hashomer, 56261, Israel, - - 2014
The optimal size of bougie in laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the first-year outcome of LSG using two different sizes of bougies. This study used a single institute retrospective case-control study of two groups of patients. Group A (N = 66) underwent LSG ...
Lang Hayley M HM Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, - - 2014
Records were reviewed for 2 horses with partial glossectomy, 1 traumatic and 1 elective. According to long-term follow-up by telephone, both horses had recovered well, experiencing only temporary difficulty while eating, and went on to be ridden successfully using mouth bits. Partial glossectomy, therefore, had a favorable prognosis in 2 ...
Silva-Neto Epifanio Feitosa da EF Department of Nutrition, Federal University of Sergipe, Aracaju, SE, - - 2014
Background : The conventional treatment of obesity presents unsatisfactory results on weight loss and its long-term sustainability, therefore bariatric surgery has been suggested as an effective therapy, determining sustainable long-term weight loss, reversal of components of cardiometabolic risk and improved quality and life expectancy. Aim : To investigate the clinical ...
Azadi Ali A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Women's Health University of Louisville Louisville, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to compare the anatomical outcome of robotic sacrocolpopexy for pelvic organ prolapse in women with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 and higher to those with a BMI under 30. This is a retrospective chart review. POP-Q measurements preoperatively and 12 months postoperatively ...
Madsen Adam A - - 2014
There has been an increase in the prevalence of morbid obesity and the demand for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Physicians must help patients with bilateral knee arthritis to make informed decisions regarding whether to undergo staged, sequential, or simultaneous TKA. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the perioperative ...
Duchman Kyle R - - 2014
Patients frequently report functional and subjective improvement following total hip (THA) and knee arthroplasty (TKA), but these improvements do not correlate with decreased body weight at 1- and 2-year follow-up. The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate changes in body weight following THA and TKA at longer follow-up ...
Quah C C Derby Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, - - 2014
The primary aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between obesity and recurrent intervertebral disc prolapse (IDP) following lumbar microdiscectomy. A retrospective review of case notes from 2008 to 2012 was conducted for all patients who underwent single level lumbar microdiscectomy performed by a single surgeon. All patients ...
Herman Katya M KM Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, McGill University, 475 Pine Ave W, Montreal, QC, H2W 1S4, Canada, - - 2014
Bariatric surgery patients often exhibit low levels of physical activity (PA), despite the presumed importance of PA as an adjunct to surgery for successful weight loss. Little is known regarding the associations of PA and sedentary behaviors to weight loss outcomes in the long term following surgery. The objective of ...
Romero-Talamás Héctor H Bariatric and Metabolic Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2014
Obesity is a risk factor for the development of gout. An increased incidence of early gouty attacks after bariatric surgery has been reported, but the data is sparse. The effect of weight loss surgery on the behavior of gout beyond the immediate postoperative phase remains unclear. The objective of this ...
Jr Gildasio S De Oliveira GS Gildasio S De Oliveira Jr, Paul Fitzgerald, Shireen Ahmad, Rohit Rahangdale, Robert McCarthy, Department of Anesthesiology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, United - - 2014
To estimate an effect size for the transversus abdominis plane (TAP) infiltration on quality of recovery in patients undergoing laparoscopic gastric band surgery. The pilot study was a randomized, double blinded, placebo controlled trial. Patients undergoing laparoscopic gastric band surgery were randomized to receive a bilateral TAP infiltration with 20 ...
Gaszynski Tomasz T Department of Emergency and Disaster Medicine, Chair of Anesthesiology and Intensive Therapy, Medical University of Lodz, - - 2014
The open or laparoscopic procedure has an important influence on the hemodynamic function in morbidly obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery. The anesthesiologist and surgeon must be aware of changes in hemodynamic performance during laparoscopy or laparotomy under general anesthesia. TO EVALUATE AND COMPARE THE HEMODYNAMICS IN TWO TYPES OF SURGERY: ...
Gumbau Verónica V Esophago-gastric and Bariatric Surgery Unit, Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Consorcio Hospital General Universitario, Valencia, Spain, - - 2014
Different hormones and peptides involved in inflammation have been studied in and related to obesity. The aim of our work is to assess the variations of different molecules related to inflammation in obese patients during the first year following sleeve gastrectomy. This was a prospective study on patients who underwent ...
Limbach K E KE Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, - - 2014
African-Americans have been shown to have poorer weight loss outcomes after bariatric surgery, and many reasons for such outcomes have been postulated, including metabolic and genetic differences, socioeconomic factors, and differences in culture. African-Americans have also been noted to have differences from the majority population in other psychosocial correlates to ...
Petermann Julie J LUNAM Université, Oniris, Nantes-Atlantic College of Veterinary Medicine and Food Sciences and Engineering, F-44307 Nantes, France; Anses Niort Laboratory, French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety, F-79024 Niort, - - 2014
Preliminary results obtained in calves, lambs and goat kids infected by Cryptosporidium sp. have indicated a partial prophylactic efficacy of halofuginone lactate when administered at 100μg/kg body weight (BW). In this study, the efficacy of halofuginone lactate was evaluated in goat neonates experimentally inoculated with Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts per oral ...
McLaughlin Jeffrey R JR Kennedy Center @ Mercy Medical Center, Oshkosh, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an uncemented tapered femoral component in obese patients at a mean follow-up of 23years. We retrospectively reviewed 119 consecutive uncemented total hip arthroplasties in 105 obese patients using a tapered femoral component between 1983 and 1987. The mean body ...
Frohme Carsten - - 2014
Only limited data are available on the outcome of tension-free obturator tape (TOT) procedures in overweight and obese women. We would like to verify the objective and subjective outcomes of TOT in women with a higher body mass index (BMI). We evaluated the records of 116 patients who had undergone ...
Eid George M GM Division of Minimally Invasive Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania2Department of Veterans Affairs, Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Revisional laparoscopic surgery after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) has been linked to substantial complications and morbidity. OBJECTIVE To investigate the safety and effectiveness of endoscopic gastric plication with the StomaphyX device vs a sham procedure for revisional surgery in RYGB patients to reduce regained weight. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS ...
Schneider David F DF Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine how the timing of thyroidectomy influenced postoperative weight change. We conducted a two-institution study, identifying patients treated with total thyroidectomy for hyperthyroidism. Patients were classified as 'early' if they were referred for surgery as the first treatment option, or 'delayed' if they ...
Helmiö M M Division of Digestive Surgery and Urology, Turku University Hospital, Turku, - - 2014
The long-term efficacy of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in the treatment of morbid obesity has already been demonstrated. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy has shown promising short-term results, but the long-term efficacy is still unclear. The aim of this prospective randomized multicenter study is to compare the results of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass ...
Rogge Barbara P BP Department of Heart Disease, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
We tested the hypothesis that the disproportionate increase of body surface area in obesity may lead to the overestimation of aortic stenosis (AS) severity when the aortic valve area (AVA) is indexed (AVAI) for body surface area in 1,524 patients enrolled in the Simvastatin and Ezetimibe in AS study. Obesity ...
Biörserud Christina C Department of Surgery, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden; Department of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is a lack of knowledge about the patient's experience of excess skin after bariatric surgery in patients with body mass index, (BMI)>50 kg/m(2). The objective of this study was to evaluate experience of excess skin after laparoscopic biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD/DS) or laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) ...
French Simone A SA Division of Epidemiology & Community Health, School of Public Health, University of - - 2014
Objective: Examine the effect of weekday exposure over six months to different lunch sizes on energy intake and body weight in a free-living sample of working adults. Design and Methods: Adults (n=233) were randomly assigned to one of three lunch size groups (400 kcal; 800 kcal; 1600 kcal) or to ...
Koutourousiou Maria M Departments of Neurological - - 2014
Object Transclival endoscopic endonasal surgery (EES) has recently been used for the treatment of posterior fossa tumors. The optimal method of reconstruction of large clival defects following EES has not been established. Methods A morphometric analysis of the posterior fossa was performed in patients who underwent transclival EES to compare ...
Robinson Athena H AH Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, School of Medicine, Stanford, - - 2014
Prior evidence indicates that predictors of weight loss outcomes after gastric bypass surgery fall within 5 domains: 1) presurgical factors, 2) postsurgical psychosocial variables (e.g., support group attendance), 3) postsurgical eating patterns, 4) postsurgical physical activity, and 5) follow-up at postsurgical clinic. However, little data exist on which specific behavioral ...
Inoue Gen G *Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kitasato University, School of Medicine †Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University ‡Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Teikyo University Chiba Medical - - 2014
Retrospective. To investigate the risk factors for radiographic L5-S1 disk height reduction after lumbar posterolateral floating fusion surgery. We investigated data from 86 patients (45 men) who underwent posterolateral floating fusion surgery from 2007 to 2010. The follow-up was from 2 to 6 years. The mean age of the patients ...
Estay Camila C Colorectal Unit, Surgery Department, Clinica Las Condes, Lo Fontecilla 441, 7550000, Santiago, Chile, - - 2014
Laparoscopic colorectal surgery (LCRS) has several advantages over open surgery, but LCRS has been associated with a higher rate of postoperative complications (POCs) among obese patients [body mass index (BMI), ≥30 kg/m(2)]. The prevalence of obesity in Chile is increasing, up to 25.1 % in 2010, suggesting that a higher percentage of ...
Tzortzis Vassilios V University of Thessaly, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Larissa, - - 2014
The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the impact of stapling devices use on overweight and obese bladder cancer patients treated with radical cystectomy (RC). Fifty-two overweight and 24 obese patients underwent open RC for muscle invasive bladder cancer. Bladder removal was performed using standard suture technique (SST) ...
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