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Nakahara Shiro S Department of Cardiology, Dokkyo Medical University Koshigaya Hospital, Saitama, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Increased epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) volume is associated with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the efficacy of EAT-based left atrial (LA) ablation for persistent AF (PsAF) is unclear. To assess whether EAT-based LA ablation is effective for PsAF METHODS: In 60 PsAF patients (group I), 3D reconstructed computed tomography images depicting ...
Unick Jessica L JL Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center, The Miriam Hospital and Brown Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island, - - 2014
Weight losses in lifestyle interventions are variable, yet prediction of long-term success is difficult. The utility of using various weight loss thresholds in the first 2 months of treatment for predicting 1-year outcomes was examined. Participants included 2327 adults with type 2 diabetes (BMI:35.8 ± 6.0) randomized to the intensive lifestyle intervention ...
Hafezi Farhad F Dr Hafezi is Professor of Plastic Surgery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, St Fatima Hospital, and Burn Research Center, Tehran, - - 2014
Background:Diced cartilage has been associated with several advantages and rewarding results, leading to its widespread application in various forms in rhinoplasty, but the outcomes of diced cartilage with and without tensor fascia latae wrapping have not been widely reported in evidence-based articles.Objectives:The authors compared changes in weight, size, and histology ...
Poultsides Lazaros A LA Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Division of Adult Reconstruction and Joint Replacement, Hospital for Special Surgery, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, New - - 2014
Between 2000 and 2009 demographics, comorbidity, complications, and 30-day mortality following same-day BTKA (SBTKA) in two high-volume institutions were obtained. Two 5-year periods were created to facilitate trend analysis. The percentage of SBTKA decreased by 36.2% in the latter period. A decline in mean age reflected mainly by a 50% ...
Myung Karen S KS Children's Hospital Los Angeles, 4650 Sunset Blvd., MS #69, Los Angeles, CA, 90027, - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate the nutritional status of children with early onset scoliosis (EOS) and to determine if treatment with growing rod instrumentation improves weight percentile. Data was retrospectively collected on 88 EOS patients treated with growing rods at six institutions. Mean age at surgery was 5.8 years, and mean Cobb ...
Ivanovic Branislava B Department of Cardiology, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade, - - 2014
Background We sought to investigate the influence of the metabolic syndrome (MS) on new-onset postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF), and occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) in a period of 3 years after isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. Methodology The study included 460 patients who underwent the first ...
Cimolin V V Department of Electronics, Information and Bioengineering, Politecnico di Milano, p.zza Leonardo Da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to quantitatively evaluate the change in gait and body weight in the long term in patients with Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS). Eight adults with PWS were evaluated at baseline and after 7 years. During this period patient participated an in- and out-patient rehabilitation programs including ...
Terman Samuel W SW Department of Neurosurgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
Object Minimally invasive (MI) transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) has been demonstrated in previous studies to offer improvement in pain and function comparable to those provided by the open surgical approach. However, comparative studies in the obese population are scarce, and it is possible that obese patients may respond differently ...
Westin Rebecka R Department of Animal Environment and Health, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, PO Box 234, SE-532 23 Skara, Sweden; Swedish Animal Health Service, SE-532 89 Skara, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Two major welfare issues in current pig production are the lack of nesting material for farrowing sows and poor claw health in suckling piglets. Therefore, a strategic method to supply loose housed sows with large quantities of straw at farrowing has been developed by Swedish piglet-producing farmers. The objective of ...
Nergaard Bent Johnny BJ Department of Surgery, Aleris Hospital, Fredrik Stangs Gate 11-13, 0264, Oslo, - - 2014
Several studies indicate that increasing the alimentary limb length in gastric bypass surgery produces only a minor improvement of excess BMI loss. Few studies have addressed the efficacy of increasing the length of the pancreatico-biliary limb. Here, we present a prospective randomized study of 187 consecutive laparoscopic Roux-Y gastric bypass ...
Michalaki M M Division of Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Patras Medical School, Thisseos 6, Ovria, Patras, 26500, - - 2014
Bariatric surgery is accompanied by malabsorption of protein, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and trace elements. Iodine is essential to the synthesis of thyroid hormones. The aim of this study was to estimate the daily iodine intake in severely obese patients before and after bariatric surgery. Thirty-five severely obese patients (obese group) ...
Faria Gil G *Surgery Department and †Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal ‡Surgery Department, Sao Joao Medical Center, Porto, Portugal §CINTESIS, Center for Research in Health Technologies and Information Systems, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal ¶Clinical Pathology Department, Sao Joao Medical Center Porto, Portugal ‖Institute of Public Health, University of Porto, Porto, - - 2014
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) clusters the most dangerous cardiovascular disease risk factors. Although insulin resistance and central obesity play an important role in the pathogenesis, the factors that determine its development and ultimate remission after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) are not fully understood. We recruited a prospective cohort of 210 consecutive ...
Shetty Gautam M GM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Breach Candy Hospital, Mumbai, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
This retrospective study aimed to determine if computer navigation provides consistent accuracy for limb and component alignment during TKA irrespective of body mass index (BMI) by comparing limb and component alignment and the outlier rates in obese versus non-obese individuals undergoing computer-assisted TKA. Six hundred and thirty-five computer assisted total ...
Hmamouchi Ihsane I From the Paris Descartes University, Department of Rheumatology, Cochin Hospital, and Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, Sorbonne Paris Cité Research Center, Paris, France; Mohammed V-Souissi University, Faculty of Medicine, Laboratory of Biostatistics, Clinical Research and Epidemiology, Rabat, - - 2014
Patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA) receiving anti-TNF-α treatment have an increase in fat mass. This may be relevant to cardiovascular risk. The aim of this study was to estimate visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) changes by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) in patients with SpA under anti-TNF-α therapy. ...
Abdallah Emad E Surgical Department, Mansoura University, Mansoura, - - 2014
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a surgical technique that treats morbid obesity. Consecutive patients with morbid obesity treated by LSG at our department were evaluated. Patients enrolled in the study were randomized into group I (LSG begins the division 2 cm from the pylorus) and group II (LSG begins the division ...
Miyahara Ken K Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Ichinomiya Municipal Hospital, Ichinomiya, Aichi, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Surgical site infection (SSI), particularly deep sternal wound infection (DSWI), is a serious complication after cardiovascular surgery because of its high mortality rate. We evaluated the effectiveness of an SSI bundle to reduce DSWI and identify the risk factors for DSWI. During the period January 2004 to February 2012, 1374 ...
Jirapinyo Pichamol P Yale New Haven Hospital, New Haven, CT, - - 2014
Safety of conscious sedation for performing esophagoduodenoscopy (EGD) in obese and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) patients remains controversial. Additionally, it has been suggested that patients with higher body mass index (BMI) require higher sedation doses, imparting greater risk. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of sedation-related ...
Lafuente-Urrez Rosario Fátima RF Department of Dermatology, Hospital Reina Sofía, C/Bardenas 8, 1° A, E-31500 Tudela, Navarra, - - 2014
Background: The relationship between obesity and psoriasis is probably bidirectional. Objectives: To assess whether the effectiveness of adalimumab was affected by obesity in patients with psoriasis. Materials & methods: Retrospective study of 30 adalimumab naïve patients (13 men, 17 women, mean age 49.5 years) with moderate to severe psoriasis. Response ...
Boddu S R SR From the Divisions of Neuroradiology (S.R.B., A.C., R.P., A.M.S., P.A.H.) and Pediatric Radiology (K.E.A.), Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia; and Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics (Z.C., X.W.), Emory University, Atlanta, - - 2014
Fluoroscopic-guided lumbar puncture is an effective alternative to bedside lumbar puncture in challenging patients. However, no published guidelines are available for an acceptable range of fluoroscopic time for this procedure. The purpose of this study was to set department benchmark fluoroscopic times for lumbar puncture, accounting for body mass index ...
Michaels Joseph J From the *Private Practice, North Bethesda, MD; †Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD; and ‡Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
Measures that can reduce the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) are of great clinical importance. In addition to the use of sequential compression devices (SCDs), chemoprophylaxis with low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) has been recommended by the American College of Chest Physicians for major general surgery procedures. There remains inconclusive evidence to ...
Kumar Nitin N Division of Gastroenterology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
Larger gastrojejunal (GJ) anastomosis aperture is one independent predictor for weight regain after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Transoral outlet reduction (TORe) has proven safe and effective for treatment of weight regain by using a superficial-thickness (ST) suturing device. Full-thickness (FT) suturing devices are now available, potentially providing more effective results. To ...
Li Li L Department of Anaesthesia, Tianjin Union Medicine Centre, Tianjin, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficiency of ventilation using a novel chin-lift mask compared with an oropharyngeal airway (OPA) with EC-clamp technique in obese patients. Obese patients scheduled for cholecystectomy under general anaesthesia were divided into two groups: the OPA group, in which a standard mask and OPA with the EC-clamp technique ...
Lalanne Arnaud A *Reference Centre for Congenital and Malformative Esophageal Diseases, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Jeanne de Flandre Children's Hospital, Lille University. Lille, France †Department of Biostatistics, CHRU Lille, Univ Lille Nord de France, F-59000 Lille, - - 2014
To analyze the long-term follow-up of children receiving PEG in terms of survival, nutritional outcome and weaning from enteral nutrition. The secondary objectives were to evaluate the complications related to PEG and the outcome of patients with neurologic disability. This was a single centre retrospective study including all the 368 ...
Aarts E O EO Department of Surgery, Rijnstate Hospital, Arnhem, The Netherlands.. Electronic address: - - 2014
For over a decade, the laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) was 1 of the most performed bariatric procedures in Europe. This study is a retrospective analysis with prospectively collected data of the experience in 1 specialized Dutch center with the adjustable gastric band over 14 years. Between 1995 and 2003, ...
Serebrakian Arman T AT Musculoskeletal and Quantitative Imaging Research Group, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, - - 2014
To assess whether changes in knee cartilage MR-based T2 relaxation times are associated with weight loss in individuals with risk factors for knee osteoarthritis (OA) compared with controls with stable weight. One hundred twenty-seven individuals with risk factors for knee OA were studied: 62 subjects had a body mass index ...
Ojeda Castillejo Elena E Servicio de Neumología, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obesity is associated with 2 closely related respiratory diseases: obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) and obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). It has been shown that noninvasive ventilation during sleep produces clinical and functional improvement in these patients. The long-term survival rate with this treatment, and the difference in clinical progress in ...
Argenta Peter P Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obesity increases risk for endometrial neoplasia, but neither the pathophysiology nor the effects of weight loss on the risk are well established. We attempted to characterize the molecular profile of the endometrium of asymptomatic women with morbid obesity before and following bariatric surgery-induced weight loss. 59 asymptomatic, morbidly obese women ...
De Vecchis R R Cardiology Unit Presidio Sanitario Intermedio "'Elena d'Aosta" Naples, Italy - - - 2014
Intravenous diuretics at relatively high doses are currently used for treating acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). However, the existence of harmful side effects diuretic-related, such as electrolyte abnormalities, symptomatic hypotension and marked neuro-hormonal activation have led researchers to implement alternative therapeutic tools such as isolated ultrafiltration (IUF). Our study aimed ...
Worley Michael J MJ Jr Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
To compare primary debulking surgery (PDS) vs. neoadjuvant chemotherapy with interval debulking surgery (NACT-IDS) among obese patients. Medical records of patients with a BMI ≥30 kg/m(2) with ovarian/fallopian tube/primary peritoneal carcinoma between January 2005 and December 2010 were reviewed. Patients were separated by PDS or NACT-IDS. Preoperative characteristics, surgical procedures ...
Khor Y H - - 2014
Both low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) and unfractionated heparin (UFH) have been shown to be equivalent in efficacy and safety profiles for the management of pulmonary embolism (PE). To assess the real world management of anticoagulation in PE in a tertiary hospital setting. An audit of patients with a new diagnosis of ...
Sapidis N - - 2014
Introduction: Intestinal wound healing is an essential process for surgical reconstruction of the digestive tract. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of perioperative administration of glutamine and synbiotics on the biological behavior of intestinalmucosal barrier and the healing of colonic anastomosis in rats.Material and methods: 80 ...
Peres Murilo Bertazzo MB Faculdade de Medicina de São José do Rio Preto, São José do Rio Preto, - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate the height and weight development of children with congenital heart disease undergoing surgery with the goal of determining when they reach the threshold of normal development and whether there are differences between patients with developmental pattern below the level of normality preoperatively (z-score<-2 for the analyzed parameter) ...
Abdelbaki Tamer N TN Department of Surgery, University of Alexandria Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria, Egypt. Electronic address: - - 2014
Laparoscopic gastric greater curvature plication (LGGCP) is a novel bariatric procedure. Its outcome as a standalone procedure has been studied in the literature. We herein describe a comparative study between LGGCP versus laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). The objective of this study was to analyze %excess weight loss (%EWL), co-morbidity improvement ...
Heymann Anthony A Family Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
In the Liraglutide Effect and Action in Diabetes (LEAD) randomized clinical trials (RCTs) assessing liraglutide in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), glycated hemoglobin (A1c) was reduced by 7-16 mmol/mol and weight by up to 3.4 kg. As real-life efficacy data on liraglutide is limited, the authors assessed clinical effects in a real-life ...
Bekheit Mohamed M Minimal Invasive Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, El Kabbary General Hospital, El Kabbary, Alexandria, Egypt, - - 2014
Identifying factors that influence weight loss after bariatric surgery is one way to predict a successful surgical outcome. Knowledge of the effect of gender on weight loss after bariatric surgery has not been well demonstrated in the literature despite being noted in every day practice. The aim of this study ...
Gullo Salvatore - - 2014
A time-lagged design was used to examine how the perceptions of alliance to the group as a whole by the other group members at an earlier point in the group were related to an individual group member's perceptions of alliance to the group as a whole at a later point ...
Nosewicz Tomasz L TL Department of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology, Kantonsspital Baselland Liestal, Liestal, - - 2014
Varus and valgus talar tilt in weight-bearing ankles can be explained by loss of peritalar stability allowing the talus to shift and rotate on the calcaneal and navicular surfaces. Little is known about the underlying destabilization process or the resulting talar malpositions. The purpose of this study was to determine ...
McArthur Benjamin A BA 1 Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota - - - 2014
Introduction: Acetabular component position can be an important determinant of joint stability and bearing surface wear after THA. Nonetheless, the incidence of malpositioning is high. Patient obesity, low surgeon volume, and minimally invasive approaches are known risk factors for malposition. As the incidence of obesity continues to increase, it is ...
Noel Patrick P Clinique la Casamance, Aubagne, - - 2014
Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is a common bariatric procedure associated with a high rate of weight loss failure and/or complications in the long term. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that the conversion of failed LAGB into laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is not associated with ...
Eid George M GM Department of Surgery, Allegheny Health Network, Temple University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Department of Surgery, Pittsburgh VA Healthcare System, University Drive, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Electronic address: - - 2014
Small retrospective studies have demonstrated reduction in weight and co-morbid hirsutism and diabetes in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) treated with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. The objective of this study was to prospectively determine clinical improvements in obese women with PCOS treated with gastric bypass and identify postoperative biomarker changes. ...
Pullan Mark M Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital, Liverpool, - - 2014
To determine if on- or off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) makes a difference to in-hospital mortality and long-term survival in obese patients. Analysis of consecutive patients on a validated prospective cardiac surgery database was performed for patients undergoing isolated CABG. Obesity was defined as a body mass index (BMI) ...
Carraway Marissa E ME 1 Department of Psychology, East Carolina University , Greenville, - - 2014
Abstract Background: Immersion treatment (IT) provided in a camp setting has been shown to promote short-term improvements in weight and health status in obese adolescents. However, evidence of IT's long-term efficacy and efficacy for multi-ethnic and lower socioeconomic status (SES) adolescents is limited. Methods: This was a cohort study with ...
Coleman Karen J KJ Department of Research and Evaluation, Southern California Permanente Medical Group, Pasadena, California. Electronic address: - - 2014
A registry was created for patients having procedures for weight loss from 2004 to the present time at a large integrated healthcare system. The objective of this study was to compare findings to the literature and national quality monitoring databases and present 3-year weight loss outcomes. Patients are passively enrolled ...
Panagiotounakou P P NICU-General Hospital 'Agios Panteleimon', Piraeus, - - 2014
Objective:The use of peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICC lines) has reduced the mortality and morbidity of premature newborns. The usual sites of insertion are the veins in the upper arms but other locations are being used as well.Study Design:To examine whether using the axillary vein as a site of ...
Burgerhart Jan S JS Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584, CX, Utrecht, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is effective as a stand-alone bariatric procedure. Despite its positive effect with regard to weight loss and improvement of obesity-related co-morbidities, some patients develop gastroesophageal reflux symptoms postoperatively. The pathogenesis of these symptoms is not completely understood. Hence, this study aimed to assess the effect of ...
Marinos George G Gastrointestinal and Liver Unit, Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick, Sydney, NSW, Australia; Gastric Balloon & Lapband Australia, Bondi Junction, Sydney, NSW, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The TransPyloric Shuttle™ (TPS) is a nonsurgical device that is endoscopically delivered to and removed from the stomach to treat obesity. The device consists of a large spherical bulb connected to a smaller cylindrical bulb by a flexible tether. The larger bulb prevents migration from the stomach, while the smaller ...
Koizumi Masaru M Department of Surgery, Jichi Medical University School of Medicine, Yakushiji 3311-1, Shimotsuke, Tochigi, 329-0498, - - 2014
Ghrelin may lead to weight gain by appetite stimulation. This prospective study investigated the association between weight loss and the ghrelin levels in patients after gastrectomy. Thirty-three males and eight females were enrolled in the study. The average age was 66 years. Measurements of the serum ghrelin level and an appetite ...
Ranieri Dante D Jr Department of Anesthesioloy, Hospital do Coração de Balneário Camboriu, Balneário Camboriu, SC, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
this study investigated the influence of anatomical predictors on difficult laryngoscopy and orotracheal intubation in obese patients by comparing Macintosh and Airtraq™ laryngoscopes. from 132 bariatric surgery patients (body mass index≥35kgm(-1)), cervical perimeter, sternomental distance, interincisor distance, and Mallampati score were recorded. The patients were randomized into two groups according ...
Lee Sangoh S Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery Unit, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital NHS Trust, London, UK, - - 2014
Different gastrojejunal anastomotic (GJA) techniques have been described in laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). There is conflicting data on whether one technique is superior to the other. We aimed to compare hand-sewn (HSA), circular-stapled (CSA) and linear-stapled (LSA) anastomotic techniques in terms of stricture rates and their impact on subsequent ...
Donini Lorenzo M LM Department of Experimental Medicine, Medical Pathophysiology, Food Science and Endocrinology Section, "Sapienza" University of Rome, P.le Aldo Moro, 5, 00185, Rome, Italy, - - 2014
Obesity is a chronic disease as well as a risk factor for cardiovascular, metabolic and osteoarticular diseases, affecting the psychosocial health and the quality of life. Recent evidence suggests that the adequate treatment of obesity should provide a multidimensional multidisciplinary approach including nutritional therapy, psycho-educational classes and physical reconditioning/motor rehabilitation. ...
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