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Seol Seung Jun SJ Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
To investigate an appropriate depth of needle insertion during trigger point injection into the rhomboid major muscle. Sixty-two patients who visited our department with shoulder or upper back pain participated in this study. The distance between the skin and the rhomboid major muscle (SM) and the distance between the skin ...
Park Jae Hyo JH Department of Physical Therapy, College of Rehabilitation Science, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of treadmill-based gait training using incremental weight loading on the ankle of the affected side on hemiplegic stroke patients' balance. [Subjects] In this study, 30 hemiplegic stroke patients were randomly divided into an incremental weight load group (IWLG, n=15) ...
Peterson Michael A MA Department of Emergency Medicine, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA; Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute, Los Angeles, CA; Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, - - 2014
The objective was to determine if use of ultrasound (US) by emergency physicians (EPs) to localize spinal landmarks improves the performance of lumbar puncture (LP). This was a prospective, randomized, controlled study conducted in a county teaching hospital. Subjects, adults 18 years of age or older who were to receive LPs ...
Tuomilehto Henri H Oivauni Sleep Clinic, Kuopio, Finland; Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, Department of Clinical Nutrition, University of Eastern Finland, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a chronic progressive disease, and it is well-documented that severe OSA is associated with an increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Weight reduction has been shown to improve OSA; however, we need further evidence to determine if it may prevent the progression of OSA in the ...
Giurgius Magdy M Department of Surgery, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, - - 2014
Endoscopic sclerotherapy using sodium morrhuate has been used to treat patients with weight regain after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass whose presumed etiology is loss of restriction due to gastrojejunostomy dilation. Weight loss and stability have been demonstrated in several studies with short-term follow-up evaluation. This retrospective review evaluated all the patients ...
Zhang Fang Fang FF Department of Nutrition Science, Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts; Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, - - 2014
A high prevalence of obesity has been increasingly recognized in survivors of pediatric ALL. However, longitudinal patterns of weight change during and after treatment, and associated factors, are less well elucidated. In a retrospective cohort of 83 pediatric patients with ALL diagnosed between 1985 and 2010, we examined body mass ...
El Nakeeb Ayman A Gastroenterology surgical center, Mansoura University, Egypt. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obesity is a growing worldwide epidemic. There is association between obesity and pancreatic cancer risk. However, the impact of obesity on the outcome of pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) is controversial. The aim of this study was to elucidate effect of obesity on surgical outcomes of PD. A Case-Control Study PATIENT AND METHODS: ...
Kasalicky Mojmir M 2 Medical Faculty of Charles University and Central Military Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic ; Faculty of Health Care and Social Work, Trnava University, Trnava, Slovak - - 2014
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a bariatric procedure with very good long-term weight-reducing and metabolic effects. Here we report 6 years' experience with LSG performed in morbidly obese patients by one surgical team focusing on the impact of the degree of sleeve restriction and safety of the procedure without over-sewing ...
Yuen Kevin C J KC Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Clinical Nutrition (K.C.J.Y., D.M.C.), Department of Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon 97239; Pfizer Endocrine Care (M.K.-H., P.J.J.), Pfizer Inc, SE-190 91 Sollentuna, Sweden; Pfizer Endocrine Care (J.L.F.), Pfizer, Inc, New York, New York 10017; The Saban Research Institute (M.E.G.), Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90027, United States; and Antwerp Centre for Endocrinology (R.A.), Antwerp B-2600, - - 2014
Context: Craniopharyngiomas are often associated with significant morbidity due to their location and treatment effects. Little is known of the effects of primary treatment regimen and diabetes insipidus (DI), a clinical surrogate of hypothalamic obesity, on health outcomes in adults with childhood-onset craniopharyngioma (COCP). Objective: The objective of the study ...
Gonulalan Umut U Department of Urology, Başkent University, Konya, - - 2014
Objective: Skin-to-stone distance (SSD) is a stronger factor than body mass index in predicting the success of shock wave lithotripsy. We aimed to evaluate the impact of SSD on outcomes of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Materials and Methods: The medical records of 1,280 patients who had undergone PCNL between April 2007 ...
Gerner Tom T Surgical Department, Baerum Hospital, Vestre Viken Hospital Trust , - - 2014
Background. The mechanisms of weight loss after gastric bypass, including the role of gastric hormones, are still not completely understood. While postprandial releases of peptide YY (PYY) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) increase post-surgery and ghrelin usually is reduced, their relationship to the magnitude of the weight loss is still obscure. ...
Karcz W Konrad WK Department of General Surgery, University of Schleswig-Holstein, Campus, Lübeck, - - 2014
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is the procedure with the fastest growing numbers worldwide. Although excellent weight loss can be achieved, one major obstacle of LSG is weight regain due to sleeve dilatation. Banded sleeve gastrectomy (BLSG) has been described as an option to counteract sleeve dilatation and ameliorate weight loss ...
Mückel Simone S 1Wissenschaftliches Institut, Klinik Bavaria, Kreischa, - - 2014
Objective:To compare the immediate effects of an external focus to enhance lateral body weight shift after stroke.Design:Randomized controlled trial.Setting:Inpatient rehabilitation hospital.Subjects:Twenty patients after stroke (11 males; mean (SD) age 72.2 (7.4) years; duration of illness 56 (14) days; there were 9 (45%) left-sided strokes) with impaired sitting balance were randomly ...
Moon Rena C RC Department of Bariatric Surgery, Orlando Regional Medical Center & Bariatric and Laparoscopy Center, Orlando Health, 89 W Copeland Drive, 1st Floor, Orlando, FL, - - 2014
In the literature, weight regain or failure of weight loss has been reported in up to 35 % of patients after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Several revisional procedures have been suggested to reinitiate further weight loss in this group of patients, and placing a silastic ring around the pouch proximal to ...
Wiewiora Maciej M Department of General and Bariatric Surgery and Emergency Medicine, Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the obesity degree on red blood cell aggregation and deformability. We studied 56 obese patients before weight loss surgery who were divided into two groups: morbid obesity and super obesity. The aggregation and deformability of RBCs were evaluated using ...
Hunt Kate K Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, - - 2014
The prevalence of male obesity is increasing but few men take part in weight loss programmes. We assessed the effect of a weight loss and healthy living programme on weight loss in football (soccer) fans. We did a two-group, pragmatic, randomised controlled trial of 747 male football fans aged 35-65 ...
Disse E E Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Nutrition, Specialized and Integrated Center for Obesity Management, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, 165, Chemin du Grand Revoyet, 69495, Pierre Bénite, - - 2014
Despite similar initial results on weight loss and metabolic control, with a better feasibility than the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP), the omega loop bypass (OLB) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to compare the short-term outcomes of the laparoscopic OLB versus the RYGBP in terms of weight loss, ...
Mizrahi Ido I Department of Surgery, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, P.O.B. 24035, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem, 91240, Israel, - - 2014
Morbidity and mortality following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) occur at acceptable rates, but its safety and efficacy in the elderly are unknown. A retrospective review was performed of all patients aged >60 years who underwent LSG from 2008 to 2012. These patients were 1:2 matched, by gender and body mass index ...
Brooks J J Spatz FGIA, Inc, Great Neck, NY, USA, - - 2014
Most intragastric balloons have 6-month approval. We report results with the Spatz Adjustable Balloon: approved for 12 months and adjustable. Seventy-three patients (mean: age 45.5; weight 114.5 kg; BMI 36.6 kg/m(2)) scheduled for 1-year implantation with Spatz balloon (mean volume 417 ml saline). Adjustments performed for early intolerance and weight loss plateau. Three patients ...
Nicholson Amanda A Faculty of Health and Medicine, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK, LA1 - - 2014
The prevalence of obesity (body mass index (BMI) > 30 kg/m(2)) is increasing in both developed and developing countries, leading to a rise in the numbers of obese patients requiring general anaesthesia. Obese patients are at increased risk of anaesthetic complications, and tracheal intubation can be more difficult. Flexible intubation ...
Wiewiora Maciej M Department of General and Bariatric Surgery and Emergency Medicine in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia, ul. Sklodowskiej-Curie10, 41-800, Zabrze, Poland, - - 2014
Studies have shown that obesity is associated with venous flow disturbances that lead to changes of the biomechanical forces on the venous wall known as shear stress. We hypothesized that weight loss due to bariatric surgery affects the venous hemodynamics and biomechanical forces on the venous wall. The aim of ...
Judge Andy A Oxford NIHR Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Unit, Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford, Windmill Road, Headington, Oxford, OX3 7LD, UK; MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, SO16 6YD, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
To describe whether body mass index (BMI) is a clinically meaningful predictor of patient reported outcomes following primary total hip replacement (THR) surgery DESIGN: Combined data from prospective cohort studies. We obtained information from four cohorts of patients receiving primary THR for osteoarthritis: Exeter Primary Outcomes Study (n=1431); EUROHIP (n=1327); ...
Gremese Elisa E Institute of Rheumatology and Affine Sciences, Division of Rheumatology, Catholic University of The Sacred Heart (UCSC), Rome, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Rheumatology Section, University of Ferrara and Department of Internal Medicine, SS. Annunziata Hospital, Cento, Ferrara, - - 2014
Objective. The objective of this study was to determine whether BMI and gender could lead to a different response rate to anti-TNF agents in patients affected by axial SpA.Methods. One hundred and seventy patients with active axial SpA (defined as a BASDAI ≥4) treated with an anti-TNF agent [adalimumab (ADA), ...
Fan Jie J Department One, Hangzhou Sanatorium of Nanjing Military Region, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310007, - - 2014
Despite some reports about the long-term metabolic outcomes after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) in the Western populations, there are few reports on the Asian population whose body size and fat distribution are different. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the medium-term effects of LAGB on weight loss and ...
Ritz Patrick P Centre Intégré Obésité, Endocrinology Metabolism and Nutrition Department, CHU Toulouse, France; USMR 1027 Inserm Université Paul Sabatier, CHU Toulouse, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The benefits and risks of bariatric surgery are debated in older patients. The objective of this study was to compare the weight changes and adverse outcomes in patients>60 years and in younger ones. The French SOFFCO registry was screened for gastric bypass (RYGB), gastric banding (LAGB), or sleeve gastrectomy (SG) ...
Pauzenberger Reinhard R Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Medical University Innsbruck (MUI), Anichstrasse 35, 6020, Innsbruck, - - 2014
This retrospective study aimed to evaluate how reduction mammaplasty influences the bodyweight of patients 5 years after the procedure. The literature shows controversy regarding the effect of breast reduction on the progression of bodyweight. Between 1 January 2006 and 31 July 2007, 249 reduction mammaplasties were performed in the Department of ...
van Ijsseldijk Emiel A EA Biomechanics and Imaging Group, Department of Orthopaedics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The - - 2014
Measuring the minimum-joint-space-width (mJSW) in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in Roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis (RSA) provides valuable information on polyethylene wear, a leading cause for TKA failure. Most existing studies use non-weight-bearing (NWB) patient positioning. The latter may compromise mJSW measurements due to knee laxity with subsequent non-contact between the TKA ...
Hamanishi Michio M Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima, 734-8551, Japan, - - 2014
In this study, postoperative results of intertrochanteric curved varus osteotomy (CVO) for idiopathic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ION) were studied retrospectively and optimal indication of CVO was considered. Between 1995 and 2011, CVO was performed in 51 patients (53 hips) for the treatment of ION in our department. The ...
Yanagisawa Shinya S Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-39-15 Showa-machi, Maebashi, Gunma, Japan, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to diagnose osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee joint using ultrasound (US). The study subjects included 27 males and 54 females (131 knees), who had a mean age of 62.8 years. US was used to evaluate the medial joint space of both knees in complete extension ...
Cozacov Yaniv Y Department of General Surgery, Bariatric and Metabolic Institute and Section of Minimally Invasive Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Florida, 2950 Cleveland Clinic Blvd, Weston, FL, 33331, - - 2014
The prevalence and severity of obesity in children and adolescents has been increasing in recent years at an unprecedented rate. Morbidly obese children will almost certainly develop severe comorbidities as they progress to adulthood, and bariatric surgery may provide the only alternative for achieving a healthy weight. The aim of ...
Malik Manish G MG Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Approximately 121,000 bariatric surgical procedures are performed annually, and salutary effects include a reduction in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, risk factor modification, and improvement in sympathovagal tone. There are anecdotal accounts of unexplained sinus bradycardia (SB) after significant weight loss but no systematic studies have been conducted. The purpose of ...
Kulovitz Michelle G - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate body composition changes in fat mass (FM) to lean body mass (LBM) ratios following 15% body weight loss (WL) in both integrated medical treatment and bariatric surgery groups. Obese patients (body mass index [BMI] 46.6 ± 6.5 kg/m(2)) who underwent laparoscopic gastric ...
Ross Vernon H VH From the Department of Anesthesiology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North - - 2014
There is no current consensus on the optimal technique for subarachnoid anesthesia in morbidly obese parturients even though some providers prefer the combined spinal-epidural (CSE) over single-shot spinal (SSS) technique. In this randomized controlled study, we compared the time required for initiation of subarachnoid anesthesia between SSS and CSE techniques ...
Pohle-Krauza Rachael J RJ Department of Human Ecology, Youngstown State University, Youngstown, Ohio (Dr Pohle-Krauza); Summa Health System, Akron City Hospital, Akron, Ohio (Drs McCarroll, Latta, DiNuoscio, and Krauza and Mr Pannikottu); Northeast Ohio Medical University, Rootstown (Mr Gothard); Children's Hospital Medical Center, Akron, Ohio (Ms Volsko); and Biotstats, Inc, Canton, Ohio (Mr - - 2014
While portable, supplemental oxygen is often necessary for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to retain independence, it may provide functional limitations because of the increased workload imposed. This issue may result in nonuse, creating a need to identify carrying modalities that optimize transport. This study assessed the effects ...
Mitchell Nia S NS the Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, Colorado Health Outcome Program, and Anschutz Health and Wellness Center, and the Department of Family Medicine, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora; and the American Academy of Family Physicians National Research Network, Leawood, - - 2014
Purpose: The purpose of this article was to test whether physical activity, healthy eating, and emotional well-being would improve if patients received feedback about biomarkers that have been shown to be responsive to changes in weight and fitness. Patients were randomized to limited feedback (weight, body mass index [BMI], and ...
Nora Mário - - 2014
Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a condition associated with obesity that identifies individuals with increased cardiovascular risk. Gastric bypass improves several MS components, such as glucose, lipid metabolism and hypertension. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of long-limb gastric bypass on the remission of MS criteria associated ...
Cemerlić-Adjić Nada N Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases of Vojvodina, Sremska Kamenica, - - 2014
It had been suggested that elevated body mass index (BMI) is a beneficial and preventive factor when it comes to the outcome for patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). At the same time, obesity is strongly associated with coronary artery disease development. The aim of this study was to ...
Lim Jeong Hyun JH Department of Food Service and Nutrition Care, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul 110-744, - - 2014
Esophagectomy can result in various postoperative nutrition-related complications that may impair the nutritional status of the patient. In our institution, we usually initiate 16-hour continuous jejunostomy feeding using an enteral feeding pump on postoperative day 2 as a routine protocol after esophagectomy. The target calorie intake was achieved in 6-7 ...
Xu Junxia J Department of Geratology, Fuzhou General Hospital of Nanjing Command, PLA, Fuzhou, Fujian, China ; Department of Geratology, Fozhou General Hospital, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, - - 2014
Currently radiofrequency and cryoballoon ablations are the two standard ablation systems used for catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation; however, there is no universal consensus on which ablation is the optimal choice. We therefore sought to undertake a meta-analysis with special emphases on comparing the efficacy and safety between cryoballoon and ...
Inacio Maria Cs MC Epidemiologist in Surgical Outcomes and Analysis at the San Diego Medical Center in CA. - - 2014
Of 30,632 patients with total joint arthroplasty identified, 34.5% underwent total hip arthroplasty and 65.5% had total knee arthroplasty. Most patients remained the same weight during the year before and after the procedure. Before and after total hip arthroplasty, men were less likely to lose or gain weight than were ...
Tandon Vishal R VR Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutic, Super-Specialty Hospital, Government Medical College, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, - - 2014
The aim of the following study is to evaluate the effect of life-style modification on postmenopausal (PM) overweight and obese Indian women in a randomized controlled 24 week study. Two groups were formed Group I (n = 30) was designated as intervention (dietary and exercise group) and Group II (n ...
Hsieh Taulee T Department of General Surgery, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2013
With increasing worldwide obesity rates, the surgery of choice has become the vertical transected gastric bypass, showing short-term improvements in weight loss and comorbidities. However, corresponding 10-year data regarding such endpoints is limited. The objective of this review was to assess such evidence. A literature search yielded a total of ...
Helena Igelström I Department of Neuroscience, Physiotherapy, Uppsala University, Box 593, BMC, Uppsala, SE-751 24, Sweden, - - 2013
This study aims to evaluate the effects on physical activity (PA) and eating behavior (EB) of a tailored behavioral medicine intervention and first-time continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment compared with first-time CPAP treatment and advice in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and overweight. Seventy-three patients (mean ± SD, 55 ± 12 years) ...
Kawai Manabu M Second Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Wakayama Medical University, 811-1 Kimiidera, Wakayama, 641-8510, - - 2013
We showed in a previous study that pylorus-resecting pancreaticoduodenectomy (PrPD), which divides the stomach adjacent to the pylorus ring, preserves more than 95 % of the stomach and significantly reduced the incidence of delayed gastric emptying (DGE) compared with pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PpPD). However, long-term outcomes of PrPD and the adverse effect ...
Saratzis Athanasios A Warwickshire Vascular and Endovascular Unit, University Hospital Coventry and Warwickshire, Coventry, UK; Department of Vascular Surgery, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece; Department of Research and Development, Dudley Group National Health Service Foundation Trust, Russells Hall Hospital, Dudley, UK. Electronic address: - - 2013
Obesity is increasingly common in patients referred for the management of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Evidence of the effect of obesity on outcomes after endovascular repair (EVAR) is not well established. We sought to compare the immediate and midterm outcomes of elective EVAR between obese and nonobese patients in ...
Giordano Salvatore S Department of Plastic and General Surgery, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland, - - 2013
The impact of preoperative weight loss on outcomes following laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is a controversial issue. We evaluated our outcomes of LRYGB in patients who lost different amount of weight prior to surgery. Patients who underwent primary LRYGB were divided in three groups on the basis of preoperative ...
de Jonge Charlotte C Department of General Surgery and NUTRIM School for Nutrition, Toxicology and Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Center, P. Debyelaan 25, 6229 HX, Maastricht, The Netherlands, - - 2013
Obesity is associated with chronic low-grade systemic inflammation. Bariatric surgery has been shown to reduce this inflammation. Here, the effect of a nonsurgical bariatric technique, the duodenal-jejunal bypass liner (DJBL), on systemic inflammation was investigated. Seventeen obese patients with type 2 diabetes were treated with the DJBL for 6 months. Plasma ...
Keren Dean D Gastroenterology Unit, Bariatric Gastroenterology Clinic, Bnai-Zion Medical Center, Technion Institute of Technology, 47 Golomb Ave, POB 4840, Haifa, 31048, Israel, - - 2013
The role of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has increased over the past 10 years. We present our results of patients who were 5 years out from surgery with regard to safety and long-term efficacy. Retrospective analysis was carried out from prospectively collected data of patients who underwent LSG for morbid obesity. Bariatric ...
Sicras-Mainar A A Dirección de planificación, Badalona Serveis Assistencials SA, Badalona, Barcelona, España. Electronic address: - - 2013
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) is usually accompanied by various comorbidities that can increase the cost of treatment. We are not aware of studies that have determined the costs associated with treating DM2 patients with co-morbidities such as overweight (OW), obesity (OBE) or arterial hypertension (AHT). The aim of the ...
Fusco Mark M Health First Medical Group, Melbourne, - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Obesity is one factor associated with an increased risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This study reports the investigator-reported resolution or improvement of OSA and improvements in sleep-related quality of life (QOL) 2 years after surgical placement of the LAP-BAND AP 1 (LBAP) system. Research design and methods: ...
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