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Ward Emily K EK Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Colorado Denver, Academic Office Building 1, 12631 East 17th Avenue, Room 7614, MS B158, Aurora, CO, 80045, - - 2014
Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) achieves sustainable weight loss possibly by altering the gut microbiota. The effect of a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) on weight loss and the gut microbiota has not been explored. PPI use and the gut microbiota were assessed before and 6 months after LRYGB in eight patients. ...
Tolone Salvatore S Department of Surgery, Second University of Naples- Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obesity is a strong independent risk factor of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms and esophageal erosions.However the relationship between obesity and GERD is still a subject of debate. Infact, if in most cases bariatric surgery can diminish reflux by losing a large amount of fat, on the other hand some ...
Seishima Ryo R Department of Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinano-machi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 1608582, - - 2014
Obesity contributes to the technical difficulty of rectal surgery and is considered to be a risk factor for postoperative complications. The impact of obesity on the long-term outcomes of rectal cancer surgery remains unclear. A total of 263 consecutive rectal cancer patients who underwent surgery were categorized into two groups ...
Strychowsky Julie E JE Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; and - - 2014
There is variation in the literature in regard to the occurrence of unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) after congenital cardiothoracic surgery. The objective of this study was to identify and appraise the evidence for the occurrence of UVFP after congenital cardiothoracic surgery in a meta-analysis.METHOD: A comprehensive search strategy in ...
Marceau Picard P Department of Bariatric Surgery, Quebec, Laval Hospital, IUCPQ, University Institute Cardiology and Pneumology, Laval University 2725, Chemin Ste-Foy, Québec, QC, G1V 4G5, Canada, - - 2014
The choice of first-stage operation in bilio-pancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) is controversial. There are no published long-term comparisons of one- and two-stage BPD-DS outcomes. During 2001-2009, among 1,762 patients scheduled for BPD-DS 48 had duodenal switch (DS) and 53 sleeve gastrectomy (SG) as first-stage procedures. We compared prospectively ...
Zakko Jason J Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, University of Florida, Gainesville, - - 2014
There are limited data describing the preclose technique with the Perclose ProGlide device (Abbott Vascular, Redwood City, Calif) in percutaneous thoracic endovascular aortic repair (P-TEVAR), particularly in obese patients, in whom use of this technique is thought to be relatively contraindicated. The purpose of this analysis was to describe our ...
Browning Matthew G MG Department of Health and Human Performance, Virginia Commonwealth University, 500 Academic Centre, 1020 West Grace St, Richmond, VA, 23284, USA, - - 2014
Weight loss outcomes following laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) are widely variable, and physical activity (PA) participation improves these results. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively describe PA behaviors before and after LAGB and to evaluate the impact of PA on weight loss outcomes. Participants were 172 individuals ...
Sato Takao T Itoigawa General - - 2014
Aim: Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is a pathogenic fat depot that may be associated with coronary atherosclerosis and cardiovascular events. Because eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) has been reported to exert cardiovascular protective effects, we aimed to assess the effects of EPA on the volume of visceral adipose tissue, including EAT and ...
Zhang Yong Y Center of Minimally Invasive Surgery, Nankai Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, 122 San Wei Road, Nankai District, Tianjin, 300100, - - 2014
No randomized comparative trials have presented long-term outcomes for laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). The present study was designed to compare the efficacy and safety of these two procedures. From January 2007 to July 2008, 64 eligible patients were randomly assigned to LSG or LRYGB. ...
Unger Nathan R NR 1 College of Pharmacy, Nova Southeastern University , Palm Beach Gardens, - - 2014
Abstract Background: Cefazolin remains the preferred preoperative antibiotic for the majority of surgical procedures. However, outcome evidence supporting current dosing recommendations for pre-operative prophylaxis is scarce, particularly for obese patients. With more than 33% of adults in the United States classified as obese, it is crucial that we determine the ...
Wallace Gemma G Oxford NIHR Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Unit, Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford, Windmill Road, Headington, Oxford, OX3 7LD, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the effect of obesity on six-month post-operative complications following total knee (TKR) or hip (THR) replacement. Data for patients undergoing first THR or TKR between 1995 and 2011 was taken from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink. Logistic regression was used to assess whether BMI was associated with six-month ...
Keidar Andrei A Bariatric Surgery Service, Department of Surgery, Rabin Hospital, Petach Tiqkva, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of two bariatric procedures on abdominal lipid partitioning and metabolic response. Fifty-one patients (RYGB 31(11 M/20 F); (SG) 20(8 M/12 F)) who met the criteria of metabolic syndrome before the operation were followed following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) or sleeve gastrectomy (SG). Visceral and ...
Cresci Barbara B Endocrinology Unit, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, - - 2014
Weight loss treatment effectiveness and cost-effectiveness may be improved by the identification of patients who are more prone to participate and gain benefit from specific interventions. Aim of the present study is to identify easily available additional predictors of weight loss among data usually present in the medical records of ...
Ishida Robson K RK Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital das Clinicas, ICHC, 9th Floor, Room 9077, Sao Paulo, SP, 05403-900, - - 2014
Patients with postbariatric bacterial overgrowth were reinvestigated after a follow-up of 15 years. It was hypothesized that systemic associations analogous to those reported for whole gut microbiome would be revealed. Patients (n = 37, 70.3 % females, 42.4 ± 9.9 years old, preoperative BMI 53.5 ± 10.6 kg/m(2), current BMI 32.8 ± 10.8 kg/m(2)), all submitted to RYGB on account of morbid obesity, ...
Lee Mi Jung MJ Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul, - - 2014
Background: Interdialytic weight gain (IDWG) has been regarded as a surrogate of volume overload, but also as a marker of a better nutritional status in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients on hemodialysis (HD). This paradoxical meaning of IDWG requires further investigation, particularly in adverse cardiovascular outcomes. Methods: A prospective cohort ...
Gorur S S Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Mustafa Kemal University, Antakya-Hatay, - - 2014
We investigated the possible relationship between body mass index (BMI) score and varicocele recurrence in an infertile patient population. A total of 255 primary infertile male patients (138 with varicocele and 117 for control) were included in this study. Height and weight measurements, clinical examination for varicocele, determination of serum ...
Durmush Ertugrul Kemal EK The Life Weight Loss Centre, Level 4, 171 Bigge Street, Liverpool, NSW, 2170, Australia, - - 2014
Stand-alone laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been found to be effective in producing weight loss but few large, one-center LSG series have been reported. Gastric leakage from the staple line is a life-threatening complication of LSG, but there is controversy about whether buttressing the staple line with a reinforcement material ...
Kular K S KS Kular Medical Education & Research Society, Kular Group of Institutes, National Highway 1, Bija, Khanna, 141412, Ludhiana, Punjab, India, - - 2014
Few reports have compared laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) to laparoscopic Roux-en-Y procedure (LRNY). This study aims at comparing the 5-year follow-up results of mini gastric bypass (MGB or omega gastric bypass (OGB)) and LSG in terms of weight loss, weight regain, complications, and resolution of co-morbidities. A retrospective analysis of ...
Baghdadi Yaser M K YM Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905. E-mail address for J. Sanchez-Sotelo: - - 2014
The prevalence of obesity in the United States has increased in recent decades. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of obesity in patients undergoing primary total elbow arthroplasty. From 1987 to 2006, 723 primary semiconstrained, linked total elbow arthroplasties were performed in 654 patients. The average ...
Carlsson L M S LM Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2014
BackgroundObesity is associated with increased risk of chronic kidney disease and albuminuria is a predictor of renal impairment. Bariatric surgery reduces body weight in obese subjects, but it is not known whether surgery can prevent development of albuminuria. This study aims to determine the long-term effect of bariatric surgery on ...
Kostev Karel K IMS Health, Frankfurt, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
In published studies metformin was often associated with weight loss in type 2 diabetes patients. Until now, no epidemiological studies have directly compared the effects of DPP-4 and GLP-1 versus metformin on weight loss. Our study is a comparison of sulfonylurea, DPP-4 and GLP-1 with metformin regarding body weight in ...
Lin K-D KD The Graduate Institute of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University; Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung City, - - 2014
To investigate the recovery of thiazolidinedione-induced body weight gain and haematopoietic changes after stopping pioglitazone treatment in patients with Type 2 diabetes. This retrospective cohort study included 214 patients divided into three groups according to pioglitazone treatment status. The first study arm included patients who received pioglitazone for 38 months ...
Tai Stephen M SM Specialist Orthopaedic Group, Mater Clinic Suite 1.08, North Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
1420 primary cementless THRs with a minimum follow-up of 10-years were stratified according to BMI: non-obese (BMI<30kg/m(2)) and obese (BMI≥30kg/m(2)). Median age at surgery was younger in obese patients (P<0.001). We case-matched 82 THRs in obese patients with 162 THRs in non-obese patients. No difference between groups was found in ...
Pallero Mercedes M Respiratory Medicine Department, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain; CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain; Departament de Medicina, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Barcelona, - - 2014
Home mechanical ventilation is usually initiated in hospital. However, cost-effectiveness of inpatient set up has never been compared to outpatient adaptation in a randomized design. A Prospective, multicenter, non-inferiority trial was conducted comparing the effectiveness of adaptation to noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV) performed in the ambulatory or hospital setting in ...
van Rutte P W J PW Department of Surgery, Catharina Hospital, PO Box 1350, 5602 ZA, Eindhoven, The - - 2014
Sleeve gastrectomy is being performed increasingly in Europe. Data on long-term outcome would be helpful in defining the role of sleeve gastrectomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of sleeve gastrectomy as a primary bariatric procedure. Medical charts of all patients who underwent a primary sleeve ...
Tam Teresa T Saint Joseph Hospital, Chicago, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to assess whether morbidly obese women with preeclampsia have increased adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. This retrospective, cohort study included patients with preeclampsia who delivered at a community hospital in Chicago, Illinois, from May 2012 to September 2013. Data abstracted from a comprehensive perinatal ...
DeClaire Jeffrey H JH Department of Surgery, Crittenton Hospital Medical Center, Rochester Hills, MI 48307, USA ; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Crittenton Hospital Medical Center, Rochester Hills, MI 48307, USA ; Oakland University School of Medicine, Rochester Hills, MI 48307, USA ; Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, The DeClaire Knee and Orthopaedic Institute, Rochester Hills, MI 48307, - - 2014
A 48-year-old morbidly obese woman with a left medial meniscal tear and moderately severe degenerative joint disease (DJD) reported for 14-month follow-up visit from arthroscopic surgery. She reported a resolution of pain, swelling and an improved range of motion (ROM). The patient was first evaluated 14 months ago, and at ...
Ardeshiri Maryam M Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Recent years have witnessed the emergence of obesity as a major public health concern. The drastic rise in obesity and its concomitant co-morbidities is a reflection of the recent changes in dietary habits in Iran and many other developing countries. A recent large population study in Tehran reported that 58% ...
Fuller Andrew A Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Western University, London, - - 2014
Efficacy and safety of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) have been demonstrated in obese individuals. Yet, there is a paucity of data on the outcomes of PCNL in morbidly obese patients (body mass index [BMI] >40). Perioperative and stone-related outcomes following PCNL in morbidly obese patients was assessed using a prospective database ...
Nakahara Shiro S Department of Cardiology, Dokkyo Medical University Koshigaya Hospital, Saitama, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Increased epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) volume is associated with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the efficacy of EAT-based left atrial (LA) ablation for persistent AF (PsAF) is unclear. To assess whether EAT-based LA ablation is effective for PsAF METHODS: In 60 PsAF patients (group I), 3D reconstructed computed tomography images depicting ...
Unick Jessica L JL Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center, The Miriam Hospital and Brown Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island, - - 2014
Weight losses in lifestyle interventions are variable, yet prediction of long-term success is difficult. The utility of using various weight loss thresholds in the first 2 months of treatment for predicting 1-year outcomes was examined. Participants included 2327 adults with type 2 diabetes (BMI:35.8 ± 6.0) randomized to the intensive lifestyle intervention ...
Hafezi Farhad F Dr Hafezi is Professor of Plastic Surgery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, St Fatima Hospital, and Burn Research Center, Tehran, - - 2014
Background:Diced cartilage has been associated with several advantages and rewarding results, leading to its widespread application in various forms in rhinoplasty, but the outcomes of diced cartilage with and without tensor fascia latae wrapping have not been widely reported in evidence-based articles.Objectives:The authors compared changes in weight, size, and histology ...
Myung Karen S KS Children's Hospital Los Angeles, 4650 Sunset Blvd., MS #69, Los Angeles, CA, 90027, - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate the nutritional status of children with early onset scoliosis (EOS) and to determine if treatment with growing rod instrumentation improves weight percentile. Data was retrospectively collected on 88 EOS patients treated with growing rods at six institutions. Mean age at surgery was 5.8 years, and mean Cobb ...
Poultsides Lazaros A LA Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Division of Adult Reconstruction and Joint Replacement, Hospital for Special Surgery, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, New - - 2014
Between 2000 and 2009 demographics, comorbidity, complications, and 30-day mortality following same-day BTKA (SBTKA) in two high-volume institutions were obtained. Two 5-year periods were created to facilitate trend analysis. The percentage of SBTKA decreased by 36.2% in the latter period. A decline in mean age reflected mainly by a 50% ...
Ivanovic Branislava B Department of Cardiology, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade, - - 2014
Background We sought to investigate the influence of the metabolic syndrome (MS) on new-onset postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF), and occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) in a period of 3 years after isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. Methodology The study included 460 patients who underwent the first ...
Cimolin V V Department of Electronics, Information and Bioengineering, Politecnico di Milano, p.zza Leonardo Da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to quantitatively evaluate the change in gait and body weight in the long term in patients with Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS). Eight adults with PWS were evaluated at baseline and after 7 years. During this period patient participated an in- and out-patient rehabilitation programs including ...
Terman Samuel W SW Department of Neurosurgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
Object Minimally invasive (MI) transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) has been demonstrated in previous studies to offer improvement in pain and function comparable to those provided by the open surgical approach. However, comparative studies in the obese population are scarce, and it is possible that obese patients may respond differently ...
Nergaard Bent Johnny BJ Department of Surgery, Aleris Hospital, Fredrik Stangs Gate 11-13, 0264, Oslo, - - 2014
Several studies indicate that increasing the alimentary limb length in gastric bypass surgery produces only a minor improvement of excess BMI loss. Few studies have addressed the efficacy of increasing the length of the pancreatico-biliary limb. Here, we present a prospective randomized study of 187 consecutive laparoscopic Roux-Y gastric bypass ...
Westin Rebecka R Department of Animal Environment and Health, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, PO Box 234, SE-532 23 Skara, Sweden; Swedish Animal Health Service, SE-532 89 Skara, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Two major welfare issues in current pig production are the lack of nesting material for farrowing sows and poor claw health in suckling piglets. Therefore, a strategic method to supply loose housed sows with large quantities of straw at farrowing has been developed by Swedish piglet-producing farmers. The objective of ...
Michalaki M M Division of Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Patras Medical School, Thisseos 6, Ovria, Patras, 26500, - - 2014
Bariatric surgery is accompanied by malabsorption of protein, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and trace elements. Iodine is essential to the synthesis of thyroid hormones. The aim of this study was to estimate the daily iodine intake in severely obese patients before and after bariatric surgery. Thirty-five severely obese patients (obese group) ...
Faria Gil G *Surgery Department and †Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal ‡Surgery Department, Sao Joao Medical Center, Porto, Portugal §CINTESIS, Center for Research in Health Technologies and Information Systems, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal ¶Clinical Pathology Department, Sao Joao Medical Center Porto, Portugal ‖Institute of Public Health, University of Porto, Porto, - - 2014
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) clusters the most dangerous cardiovascular disease risk factors. Although insulin resistance and central obesity play an important role in the pathogenesis, the factors that determine its development and ultimate remission after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) are not fully understood. We recruited a prospective cohort of 210 consecutive ...
Shetty Gautam M GM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Breach Candy Hospital, Mumbai, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
This retrospective study aimed to determine if computer navigation provides consistent accuracy for limb and component alignment during TKA irrespective of body mass index (BMI) by comparing limb and component alignment and the outlier rates in obese versus non-obese individuals undergoing computer-assisted TKA. Six hundred and thirty-five computer assisted total ...
Hmamouchi Ihsane I From the Paris Descartes University, Department of Rheumatology, Cochin Hospital, and Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, Sorbonne Paris Cité Research Center, Paris, France; Mohammed V-Souissi University, Faculty of Medicine, Laboratory of Biostatistics, Clinical Research and Epidemiology, Rabat, - - 2014
Patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA) receiving anti-TNF-α treatment have an increase in fat mass. This may be relevant to cardiovascular risk. The aim of this study was to estimate visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) changes by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) in patients with SpA under anti-TNF-α therapy. ...
Abdallah Emad E Surgical Department, Mansoura University, Mansoura, - - 2014
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a surgical technique that treats morbid obesity. Consecutive patients with morbid obesity treated by LSG at our department were evaluated. Patients enrolled in the study were randomized into group I (LSG begins the division 2 cm from the pylorus) and group II (LSG begins the division ...
Miyahara Ken K Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Ichinomiya Municipal Hospital, Ichinomiya, Aichi, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Surgical site infection (SSI), particularly deep sternal wound infection (DSWI), is a serious complication after cardiovascular surgery because of its high mortality rate. We evaluated the effectiveness of an SSI bundle to reduce DSWI and identify the risk factors for DSWI. During the period January 2004 to February 2012, 1374 ...
Jirapinyo Pichamol P Yale New Haven Hospital, New Haven, CT, - - 2014
Safety of conscious sedation for performing esophagoduodenoscopy (EGD) in obese and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) patients remains controversial. Additionally, it has been suggested that patients with higher body mass index (BMI) require higher sedation doses, imparting greater risk. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of sedation-related ...
Lafuente-Urrez Rosario Fátima RF Department of Dermatology, Hospital Reina Sofía, C/Bardenas 8, 1° A, E-31500 Tudela, Navarra, - - 2014
Background: The relationship between obesity and psoriasis is probably bidirectional. Objectives: To assess whether the effectiveness of adalimumab was affected by obesity in patients with psoriasis. Materials & methods: Retrospective study of 30 adalimumab naïve patients (13 men, 17 women, mean age 49.5 years) with moderate to severe psoriasis. Response ...
Boddu S R SR From the Divisions of Neuroradiology (S.R.B., A.C., R.P., A.M.S., P.A.H.) and Pediatric Radiology (K.E.A.), Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia; and Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics (Z.C., X.W.), Emory University, Atlanta, - - 2014
Fluoroscopic-guided lumbar puncture is an effective alternative to bedside lumbar puncture in challenging patients. However, no published guidelines are available for an acceptable range of fluoroscopic time for this procedure. The purpose of this study was to set department benchmark fluoroscopic times for lumbar puncture, accounting for body mass index ...
Michaels Joseph J From the *Private Practice, North Bethesda, MD; †Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD; and ‡Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
Measures that can reduce the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) are of great clinical importance. In addition to the use of sequential compression devices (SCDs), chemoprophylaxis with low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) has been recommended by the American College of Chest Physicians for major general surgery procedures. There remains inconclusive evidence to ...
Kumar Nitin N Division of Gastroenterology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
Larger gastrojejunal (GJ) anastomosis aperture is one independent predictor for weight regain after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Transoral outlet reduction (TORe) has proven safe and effective for treatment of weight regain by using a superficial-thickness (ST) suturing device. Full-thickness (FT) suturing devices are now available, potentially providing more effective results. To ...
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