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Farsani Terry T TT Department of Dermatology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
A 9-month-old girl exposed to 5% topical minoxidil for 2 months developed generalized hypertrichosis of the exposed and unexposed areas of her body. The infant's grandfather had been using minoxidil daily and then propping the baby on his shoulders for an hour or more a day. Minoxidil was eliminated from the ...
Dogan K K Department of Surgery, Rijnstate Hospital, Postal number 1190, P.O. Box 9555, 6800 TA, Arnhem, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Severely obese patients have an increased risk for developing metabolic complications such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), dyslipidaemia (DL) and hypertension (HT). The aim of the present study is to research the effect of a primary laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) on T2DM, HT and DL in the long-term. ...
Zotou Anastasia A Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, University Hospital of Patras, Rion, Patras, 26504, Greece, - - 2014
Insufficient data exist regarding postoperative thoracic epidural analgesia for morbidly obese patients undergoing open bariatric surgery. This study evaluated the effectiveness of morphine loading in a postoperative thoracic epidural analgesic regimen of patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) with levobupivacaine combined with continuously administered epidural morphine in this patient group. In this ...
Castilla Iván I Health Services Research on Chronic Patients Network (REDISSEC), Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain, - - 2014
To assess the cost-utility of gastric bypass versus usual care for patients with severe obesity in Spain. We have implemented a discrete-event simulation model with two branches: one branch involves gastric bypass, thereby reducing patients' BMI, and another branch where patients do not undergo surgery. The model analyzes the emergence ...
Borel Jean-Christian JC INSERM Unit 1042, Grenoble Alpes University, Grenoble, France; Physiology and Sleep Unit, Michallon University Hospital, Grenoble, - - 2014
Long-term non-invasive ventilation (NIV) has become a widespread modality of treatment in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with chronic respiratory failure. However, benefits in terms of patient-related outcomes are still under debate. Both NIV adherence and heterogeneous responses in different COPD phenotypes may contribute to the difficulty of demonstrating ...
Seren Erdal E ENT Department, Giresun University, Giresun, - - 2014
Snoring is a sound caused by vibration of collapsed and/or unsteady airway walls of the pharynx and soft palate. We compared stored spectra of snoring sounds recorded via cell phone (CP) and a microphone placed over the head (head phone [HP]). Thirty-four snoring patients were included in this prospective study. ...
Weichman Katie E KE Institute of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery, New York University, New York, New - - 2014
Background The purpose of this investigation was to examine patients with low body mass index (BMI) regarding the feasibility to perform autologous breast reconstruction in such patients, as well as to determine optimal donor sites and evaluate outcomes accordingly. Patients and Methods All patients undergoing microsurgical breast reconstruction were divided into three ...
Gomberawalla Ameer A Saint Joseph Hospital, Chicago Institute of Advanced Bariatric Surgery, 2900 N Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, IL, 60657, USA, - - 2014
Single incision laparoscopy remains controversial due to technical challenges which may cause suboptimal outcomes. This study aims to evaluate the feasibility and equivalency of the single incision sleeve gastrectomy (SISG) when compared to the traditional multiport sleeve gastrectomy (MPSG) approach in a matched cohort evaluating technical aspects and postoperative results. ...
Flores L L Obesity Unit, Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital Clinic i Universitari, Villarroel, 170, Escalera 11, 2º piso, CP 08036, Barcelona, Spain, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to describe the effect of surgically induced weight loss on vascular function measured by flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) in hypertensive obese patients. This prospective study included 33 patients (78 % females, mean age 53 (9) years) undergoing bariatric surgery (BS). Before and 12 months postoperatively, the BMI, ...
Marambio Andrés A Andrés Marambio, Guillermo Watkins, Andrea Riffo, Jaime Jans, Department of Surgery, University of Chile Clinical Hospital, Santiago 8380456, - - 2014
To describe the variation that divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1) shows in patients after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery. Prospective and analytical study of DMT1 level at the brush border of proximal jejunum in patients having undergone RYGB surgery. The mucosa of proximal jejunum forming the gastrojejunal anastomosis was biopsied ...
Utzolino Stefan S Department of General and Visceral Surgery, University Hospital, Freiburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although obesity is usually regarded as a risk factor in surgical patients, various observations have revealed a better outcome in the obese. This finding is called the obesity paradox. To which group of patients the paradox applies and even whether it exists at all are matters of controversial discussion. We ...
Courcoulas Anita P AP Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Many questions remain unanswered about the role of bariatric surgery for people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). OBJECTIVE To determine feasibility of a randomized clinical trial (RCT) and compare initial outcomes of bariatric surgery and a structured weight loss program for treating T2DM in participants with grades I ...
Murgatroyd Sarah E SE Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Middlemore Hospital, Counties Manukau DHB, Auckland, - - 2014
This study assessed the early outcomes of total hip arthroplasty compared with body mass index (BMI). 5357 hip arthroplasties were evaluated. Oxford Scores, revision for any reason and other factors including American Society of Anaesthesiology scores, length of surgery and cementation of components were analyzed. Both a high and a ...
Kuo Lindsay E LE Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Electronic address: - - 2014
Persistent and recurrent hyperparathyroidism necessitate reoperation, which is associated with increased procedure-specific complication rates. The effect of reoperative parathyroidectomy on more generalized outcomes is poorly understood. We sought to determine patient, provider, and perioperative characteristics associated with reoperation, as well as to determine the associated risks. All patients receiving a ...
Jameson Simon S SS School of Medicine and Health, Durham University, Queen's Campus, Stockton-on-Tees, UK; The National Joint Registry for England and Wales; School of Medicine, Pharmacy and Health, Durham University, Queen's Campus, Stockton-on-Tees, - - 2014
Influence of BMI upon patient outcomes and complications following THA was examined across a national cohort of patients. Outcomes were compared by BMI groups (19.0-29.9kg/m(2) [reference], 30.0-34.9kg/m(2) [obese class I], 35.0kg/m(2)+ [obese class II/III]), adjusted for case-mix differences. Obese class I patients had a significantly smaller improvement in OHS (18.9 ...
Rinker Brian B From the *Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic Surgery, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY; and †The Kentucky Aesthetic Plastic Surgery Institute, Louisville, - - 2014
Skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM) with immediate tissue expander reconstruction poses a challenge in the patient with macromastia or excessive ptosis. Skin reduction via the Wise pattern has been described but is associated with high rates of skin necrosis. The study group consisted of 43 women with grade 2 or 3 ptosis ...
Ruiz Ferrin K - - 2014
After lower extremity fracture or surgery, physicians often prescribe limited weight bearing. The current study was performed to evaluate teaching and compliance of touch-down weight bearing (defined as 25 lb) at a level I academic trauma center. A survey was distributed to physical therapists (PTs) from the orthopedic ward to ...
Wu Jie - - 2014
To observe the curative effect of acupuncture at hour-prescriptive points, a method of midnight-noon ebb-flow, to treat female adult abdominal obesity with spleen deficiency and exuberant dampness. Seventy-two patients with adult abdominal obesity with spleen deficiency and exuberant dampness were randomly divided into a treatment group and a control group ...
Rehem Rania Abdel RA Internal Medicine Department, Endocrinology, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Alexandria, - - 2014
There is a proven relationship between obesity and several cancers including breast, endometrium, colorectal, and esophagus. With the increasing incidence of both obesity and thyroid cancer, we designed the present study to investigate a causal relationship between leptin, which is one of the well known adipokines, and well-differentiated thyroid cancer ...
Trésallet Christophe C Department of General, Digestive and Endocrine Surgery, Pierre-et-Marie Curie University (Paris VI), Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris (APHP), Paris, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The connection between high body mass index (BMI), risk of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), and the aggressiveness of PTC is still debated. We aimed to establish the relationship between excess BMI and the risk of PTC in an operative population, and the impact of obesity on histopathologic aggressiveness of PTC ...
Wachsberg Kelley N KN Division of Hospital Medicine, Department of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, - - 2014
Obesity-related comorbidities frequently contribute to acute illness. Obesity interventions during hospitalization are not often utilized but may be effective. To examine whether inpatient weight loss intervention with postdischarge follow-up results in weight loss at 6 months when compared to control. Prospective, randomized controlled trial. Academic medical center in Chicago, Illinois. ...
Ward Emily K EK Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Colorado Denver, Academic Office Building 1, 12631 East 17th Avenue, Room 7614, MS B158, Aurora, CO, 80045, - - 2014
Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) achieves sustainable weight loss possibly by altering the gut microbiota. The effect of a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) on weight loss and the gut microbiota has not been explored. PPI use and the gut microbiota were assessed before and 6 months after LRYGB in eight patients. ...
Tolone Salvatore S Department of Surgery, Second University of Naples- Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obesity is a strong independent risk factor of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms and esophageal erosions.However the relationship between obesity and GERD is still a subject of debate. Infact, if in most cases bariatric surgery can diminish reflux by losing a large amount of fat, on the other hand some ...
Seishima Ryo R Department of Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinano-machi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 1608582, - - 2014
Obesity contributes to the technical difficulty of rectal surgery and is considered to be a risk factor for postoperative complications. The impact of obesity on the long-term outcomes of rectal cancer surgery remains unclear. A total of 263 consecutive rectal cancer patients who underwent surgery were categorized into two groups ...
Strychowsky Julie E JE Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; and - - 2014
There is variation in the literature in regard to the occurrence of unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) after congenital cardiothoracic surgery. The objective of this study was to identify and appraise the evidence for the occurrence of UVFP after congenital cardiothoracic surgery in a meta-analysis.METHOD: A comprehensive search strategy in ...
Marceau Picard P Department of Bariatric Surgery, Quebec, Laval Hospital, IUCPQ, University Institute Cardiology and Pneumology, Laval University 2725, Chemin Ste-Foy, Québec, QC, G1V 4G5, Canada, - - 2014
The choice of first-stage operation in bilio-pancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) is controversial. There are no published long-term comparisons of one- and two-stage BPD-DS outcomes. During 2001-2009, among 1,762 patients scheduled for BPD-DS 48 had duodenal switch (DS) and 53 sleeve gastrectomy (SG) as first-stage procedures. We compared prospectively ...
Zakko Jason J Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, University of Florida, Gainesville, - - 2014
There are limited data describing the preclose technique with the Perclose ProGlide device (Abbott Vascular, Redwood City, Calif) in percutaneous thoracic endovascular aortic repair (P-TEVAR), particularly in obese patients, in whom use of this technique is thought to be relatively contraindicated. The purpose of this analysis was to describe our ...
Browning Matthew G MG Department of Health and Human Performance, Virginia Commonwealth University, 500 Academic Centre, 1020 West Grace St, Richmond, VA, 23284, USA, - - 2014
Weight loss outcomes following laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) are widely variable, and physical activity (PA) participation improves these results. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively describe PA behaviors before and after LAGB and to evaluate the impact of PA on weight loss outcomes. Participants were 172 individuals ...
Sato Takao T Itoigawa General - - 2014
Aim: Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is a pathogenic fat depot that may be associated with coronary atherosclerosis and cardiovascular events. Because eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) has been reported to exert cardiovascular protective effects, we aimed to assess the effects of EPA on the volume of visceral adipose tissue, including EAT and ...
Zhang Yong Y Center of Minimally Invasive Surgery, Nankai Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, 122 San Wei Road, Nankai District, Tianjin, 300100, - - 2014
No randomized comparative trials have presented long-term outcomes for laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). The present study was designed to compare the efficacy and safety of these two procedures. From January 2007 to July 2008, 64 eligible patients were randomly assigned to LSG or LRYGB. ...
Unger Nathan R NR 1 College of Pharmacy, Nova Southeastern University , Palm Beach Gardens, - - 2014
Abstract Background: Cefazolin remains the preferred preoperative antibiotic for the majority of surgical procedures. However, outcome evidence supporting current dosing recommendations for pre-operative prophylaxis is scarce, particularly for obese patients. With more than 33% of adults in the United States classified as obese, it is crucial that we determine the ...
Wallace Gemma G Oxford NIHR Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Unit, Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford, Windmill Road, Headington, Oxford, OX3 7LD, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the effect of obesity on six-month post-operative complications following total knee (TKR) or hip (THR) replacement. Data for patients undergoing first THR or TKR between 1995 and 2011 was taken from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink. Logistic regression was used to assess whether BMI was associated with six-month ...
Keidar Andrei A Bariatric Surgery Service, Department of Surgery, Rabin Hospital, Petach Tiqkva, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of two bariatric procedures on abdominal lipid partitioning and metabolic response. Fifty-one patients (RYGB 31(11 M/20 F); (SG) 20(8 M/12 F)) who met the criteria of metabolic syndrome before the operation were followed following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) or sleeve gastrectomy (SG). Visceral and ...
Cresci Barbara B Endocrinology Unit, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, - - 2014
Weight loss treatment effectiveness and cost-effectiveness may be improved by the identification of patients who are more prone to participate and gain benefit from specific interventions. Aim of the present study is to identify easily available additional predictors of weight loss among data usually present in the medical records of ...
Ishida Robson K RK Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital das Clinicas, ICHC, 9th Floor, Room 9077, Sao Paulo, SP, 05403-900, - - 2014
Patients with postbariatric bacterial overgrowth were reinvestigated after a follow-up of 15 years. It was hypothesized that systemic associations analogous to those reported for whole gut microbiome would be revealed. Patients (n = 37, 70.3 % females, 42.4 ± 9.9 years old, preoperative BMI 53.5 ± 10.6 kg/m(2), current BMI 32.8 ± 10.8 kg/m(2)), all submitted to RYGB on account of morbid obesity, ...
Lee Mi Jung MJ Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul, - - 2014
Background: Interdialytic weight gain (IDWG) has been regarded as a surrogate of volume overload, but also as a marker of a better nutritional status in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients on hemodialysis (HD). This paradoxical meaning of IDWG requires further investigation, particularly in adverse cardiovascular outcomes. Methods: A prospective cohort ...
Gorur S S Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Mustafa Kemal University, Antakya-Hatay, - - 2014
We investigated the possible relationship between body mass index (BMI) score and varicocele recurrence in an infertile patient population. A total of 255 primary infertile male patients (138 with varicocele and 117 for control) were included in this study. Height and weight measurements, clinical examination for varicocele, determination of serum ...
Durmush Ertugrul Kemal EK The Life Weight Loss Centre, Level 4, 171 Bigge Street, Liverpool, NSW, 2170, Australia, - - 2014
Stand-alone laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been found to be effective in producing weight loss but few large, one-center LSG series have been reported. Gastric leakage from the staple line is a life-threatening complication of LSG, but there is controversy about whether buttressing the staple line with a reinforcement material ...
Kular K S KS Kular Medical Education & Research Society, Kular Group of Institutes, National Highway 1, Bija, Khanna, 141412, Ludhiana, Punjab, India, - - 2014
Few reports have compared laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) to laparoscopic Roux-en-Y procedure (LRNY). This study aims at comparing the 5-year follow-up results of mini gastric bypass (MGB or omega gastric bypass (OGB)) and LSG in terms of weight loss, weight regain, complications, and resolution of co-morbidities. A retrospective analysis of ...
Baghdadi Yaser M K YM Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905. E-mail address for J. Sanchez-Sotelo: - - 2014
The prevalence of obesity in the United States has increased in recent decades. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of obesity in patients undergoing primary total elbow arthroplasty. From 1987 to 2006, 723 primary semiconstrained, linked total elbow arthroplasties were performed in 654 patients. The average ...
Carlsson L M S LM Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2014
BackgroundObesity is associated with increased risk of chronic kidney disease and albuminuria is a predictor of renal impairment. Bariatric surgery reduces body weight in obese subjects, but it is not known whether surgery can prevent development of albuminuria. This study aims to determine the long-term effect of bariatric surgery on ...
Kostev Karel K IMS Health, Frankfurt, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
In published studies metformin was often associated with weight loss in type 2 diabetes patients. Until now, no epidemiological studies have directly compared the effects of DPP-4 and GLP-1 versus metformin on weight loss. Our study is a comparison of sulfonylurea, DPP-4 and GLP-1 with metformin regarding body weight in ...
Lin K-D KD The Graduate Institute of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University; Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung City, - - 2014
To investigate the recovery of thiazolidinedione-induced body weight gain and haematopoietic changes after stopping pioglitazone treatment in patients with Type 2 diabetes. This retrospective cohort study included 214 patients divided into three groups according to pioglitazone treatment status. The first study arm included patients who received pioglitazone for 38 months ...
Tai Stephen M SM Specialist Orthopaedic Group, Mater Clinic Suite 1.08, North Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
1420 primary cementless THRs with a minimum follow-up of 10-years were stratified according to BMI: non-obese (BMI<30kg/m(2)) and obese (BMI≥30kg/m(2)). Median age at surgery was younger in obese patients (P<0.001). We case-matched 82 THRs in obese patients with 162 THRs in non-obese patients. No difference between groups was found in ...
Pallero Mercedes M Respiratory Medicine Department, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain; CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain; Departament de Medicina, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Barcelona, - - 2014
Home mechanical ventilation is usually initiated in hospital. However, cost-effectiveness of inpatient set up has never been compared to outpatient adaptation in a randomized design. A Prospective, multicenter, non-inferiority trial was conducted comparing the effectiveness of adaptation to noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV) performed in the ambulatory or hospital setting in ...
van Rutte P W J PW Department of Surgery, Catharina Hospital, PO Box 1350, 5602 ZA, Eindhoven, The - - 2014
Sleeve gastrectomy is being performed increasingly in Europe. Data on long-term outcome would be helpful in defining the role of sleeve gastrectomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of sleeve gastrectomy as a primary bariatric procedure. Medical charts of all patients who underwent a primary sleeve ...
Tam Teresa T Saint Joseph Hospital, Chicago, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to assess whether morbidly obese women with preeclampsia have increased adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. This retrospective, cohort study included patients with preeclampsia who delivered at a community hospital in Chicago, Illinois, from May 2012 to September 2013. Data abstracted from a comprehensive perinatal ...
DeClaire Jeffrey H JH Department of Surgery, Crittenton Hospital Medical Center, Rochester Hills, MI 48307, USA ; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Crittenton Hospital Medical Center, Rochester Hills, MI 48307, USA ; Oakland University School of Medicine, Rochester Hills, MI 48307, USA ; Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, The DeClaire Knee and Orthopaedic Institute, Rochester Hills, MI 48307, - - 2014
A 48-year-old morbidly obese woman with a left medial meniscal tear and moderately severe degenerative joint disease (DJD) reported for 14-month follow-up visit from arthroscopic surgery. She reported a resolution of pain, swelling and an improved range of motion (ROM). The patient was first evaluated 14 months ago, and at ...
Ardeshiri Maryam M Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Recent years have witnessed the emergence of obesity as a major public health concern. The drastic rise in obesity and its concomitant co-morbidities is a reflection of the recent changes in dietary habits in Iran and many other developing countries. A recent large population study in Tehran reported that 58% ...
Fuller Andrew A Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Western University, London, - - 2014
Efficacy and safety of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) have been demonstrated in obese individuals. Yet, there is a paucity of data on the outcomes of PCNL in morbidly obese patients (body mass index [BMI] >40). Perioperative and stone-related outcomes following PCNL in morbidly obese patients was assessed using a prospective database ...
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