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Results 701 - 750 of 2697
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Arnold Lesley M - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of milnacipran on body weight in patients with fibromyalgia. ANALYSES WERE CONDUCTED IN THE FOLLOWING GROUPS: patients from three double-blind, placebo-controlled milnacipran trials (3 months, n = 2096; 6 months, n = 1008); 354 patients receiving milnacipran in placebo-controlled trials ...
Rafiq Sulman - - 2012
Hypercoagulability, assessed by the thrombelastography (TEG) assay, has in several observational studies been associated with an increased risk of post-procedural thromboembolic complications. We hypothesize that intensified antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel and aspirin, as compared to aspirin alone, will improve saphenous vein graft patency in preoperatively TEG-Hypercoagulable coronary artery bypass surgery ...
Cuthbertson Daniel J - - 2012
Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RA) are effective for obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) because they concomitantly target obesity and dysglycaemia. Considering the high prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in patients with T2DM, we determined the impact of 6 months' GLP-1 RA therapy on intrahepatic ...
Noun Roger - - 2012
Data concerning laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) in mild obesity are under investigation. May 2010 to May 2012, 122 consecutive patients with preoperative body mass index (BMI) of 33 ± 2.5 kg/m² (range 30-34.9) undergoing LSG were studied. Mean age was 33 ± 10 years (range 15-60), and 105 (86%) were women. ...
Goossens Sylvie - - 2012
In therapeutic feeding programs (TFP), mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) shows advantages over weight-for-height Z score (WHZ) and is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) as an independent criterion for screening children 6-59 months old. Here we report outcomes and treatment response from a TFP using MUAC ≤118 mm or ...
Kok D D Department of Orthopedics, Universitair Medisch Centrum Groningen, Hanzeplein 1, Postbus 30.001, 9700 RB Groningen, The - - 2012
Study Design/Objective. A single-centre, prospective, non-comparative study of 25 patients to evaluate the performance and safety of the Memory Metal Minimal Access Cage (MAC) in Lumbar Interbody Fusion. Summary of Background Data. Interbody fusion cages in general are designed to withstand high axial loads and in the meantime to allow ...
Mourad Waleed Fouad WF Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi; Department of Radiation Oncology, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, New York; Department of Radiation Oncology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx, New York. Electronic address: - - 2012
Obesity is associated with a chronic low inflammatory process that may act as common soil for the pathogenesis of obesity-related comorbidities including heterotopic ossification (HO). The purpose of this study is to compare the incidence of HO between patients with body mass index (BMI) <40 versus ≥40 after operative treatment ...
Zhang Liang - - 2011
Spontaneous infectious spondylodiscitis (SIS) is an uncommon condition. The purpose of this retrospective study of 10 adult patients (6 males and 4 females, average age 52 years), all with lumbar SIS and epidural abscess, was to analyze the efficacy of single-stage posterior debridement plus single-level interbody grafting with autologous bone, ...
Habib A K M K - - 2011
Conventional dorsal onlay urethroplasty requires circumferential mobilization of the urethra which might cause ischemia of the urethra. The present study was conducted to determine the feasibility and short-term outcomes of applying dorsolateral free graft to treat anterior urethral stricture by unilateral urethral mobilization approach. This hospital based prospective interventional study ...
Nelson-Filho Paulo - - 2011
High levels of periodontal pathogens can cause periodontal alterations. The presence of endotoxin might be responsible for the occurrence and progression of tissue inflammation and bone resorption. The aims of this study were to use checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization and limulus amebocyte lysate assay to evaluate in metallic orthodontic brackets (1) ...
Sergi B - - 2011
In this series of patients, the underlay or overlay positioning of a graft achieves successful outcome for both repair of perforation and hearing function, with better hearing gain in the underlay group. In myringoplasty, the two most common techniques for positioning the graft relative to the remnant of both the ...
Luczak Bernard - - 2012
Background:  There is an increasing trend towards early mobilisation post-split skin grafting of the lower limbs. This study was performed to determine if early mobilisation impacts negatively on graft healing and patient morbidity. Methods:  A retrospective review of 48 cases of lower limb split skin grafts performed by the plastic ...
Babu Harsha Mysore - - 2011
Gingival recession (GR) can result in root sensitivity, esthetic concern to the patient, and predilection to root caries. The purpose of this randomized clinical study was to evaluate (1) the effect of guided tissue regeneration (GTR) procedure using a bioabsorbable collagen membrane, in comparison to autogenous subepithelial connective tissue graft ...
Costello R W - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Patients with asthma who have persistent symptoms despite treatment with inhaled steroids and long-acting beta agonists are considered to have severe asthma. Omalizumab is a monoclonal antibody directed against IgE, which is used as an add-on treatment for patients who have severe persistent allergic asthma. AIMS: The aim of ...
Saňák D - - 2011
Šaňák D, Herzig R, Zapletalová J, Horák D, Král M, Školoudík D, Bártková A, Veverka T, Heřman M, Kaňovský P. Predictors of good clinical outcome in acute stroke patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis. Acta Neurol Scand: 2011: 123: 339-344. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Objectives -  Intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) ...
Miley Jefferson T - - 2011
At present, no time recommendation for initiation of endovascular treatment in acute ischemic stroke is available. A multicenter analysis was designed to identify variables that prolong "time to microcatheter," defined as the time interval from computed tomographic scan to microcatheter placement in the cerebral circulation. Consecutive acute ischemic stroke patients ...
Pagola Jorge - - 2011
Previous studies have suggested a greater ischemic tolerance in posterior circulation as compared to anterior cerebral circulation. We aimed to investigate whether a differential response exists between anterior and posterior circulation strokes. Two hundred and four middle cerebral artery (MCA) patients and 28 basilar artery occlusion (BAO) patients treated with ...
Haughney J - - 2011
A randomised 6-month study compared two maintenance doses of budesonide/formoterol (Symbicort® Turbuhaler® (h) maintenance and reliever therapy (Symbicort SMART®), 160/4.5 μg 1 × 2 and 2 × 2, in 8053 asthmatics with symptoms despite treatment with inhaled corticosteroids ± inhaled long-acting β2-agonists. This analysis compared response to the two treatments ...
Badali H - - 2011
Fungal rhinosinusitis refers to a wide variety of conditions caused by fungal infections of the paranasal sinuses. Allergic fungal rhinosinusitis and sinus fungus balls are mostly noted in healthy individuals. Aspergillus species are supposed to be the most common etiologic agents of the disorder, but melanized fungi also occur, and ...
Yuan H-K - - 2011
Percutaneous carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) has been used to improve cerebral circulation and autoregulation. However, whether CAS ameliorates the autonomic regulatory dynamics remains unclear. This prospective study examines the neurocardiovascular dynamics following carotid stenting. Thirty minutes electrocardiograms were recorded at three different time points (pre-operative, 1-h post-operative, 1-day post-operative) ...
Brandão Daniella C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The use of heliox in nebulization with bronchodilators and body positioning provides an alternative for the treatment of patients with acute asthma. METHODS: Fifty nine subjects presenting to the emergency department with severe asthma crisis were randomized into four groups for treatment with nebulized bronchodilators with: oxygen; oxygen+posture; heliox; ...
Sabato Mary K - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Bronchodilator treatments for asthma can be provided by a variety of aerosol generating devices and methods. To date, there are no pediatric randomized trials comparing a breath actuated nebulizer to continuous 1 hour nebulization and/or small volume constant output nebulization in the treatment of pediatric asthma. OBJECTIVE: We conducted ...
Topakian R - - 2011
We aimed at determining the safety and efficacy of IV alteplase in Austrian versus non-Austrian centres as documented in the Internet-based registers Safe Implementation of Thrombolysis for Stroke - MOnitoring STudy (SITS-MOST) and - International Stroke Thrombolysis Register (SITS-ISTR). We analysed patient data entered in the registers SITS-MOST and SITS-ISTR ...
Bousquet J - - 2011
To cite this article: Bousquet J, Siergiejko Z, Świebocka E, Humbert M, Rabe KF, Smith N, Leo J, Peckitt C, Maykut R, Peachey G. Persistency of response to omalizumab therapy in severe allergic (IgE-mediated) asthma. Allergy 2011; DOI: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.2010.02522.x. ABSTRACT: Background:  The physician's global evaluation of treatment effectiveness (GETE) at ...
Ferrer M - - 2011
The aim of the present study is to assess whether a single determination of the fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FENO), added to the measurements usually taken during a routine checkup, helps in the prediction of the recurrence of asthma attacks in controlled patients who are not receiving any baseline ...
Agarwal Ritesh - - 2011
Background and Aim The treatment of choice for allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is oral corticosteroids (OCS). However, they are associated with numerous adverse effects. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are associated with fewer side-effects; however, their role in the management of ABPA remains controversial. In this retrospective study, we evaluate the role ...
Rosenbaum Andrew - - 2011
The number of cases involving patients undergoing vascular procedures who are prescribed clopidogrel or warfarin as treatment options continues to rise. Our aim was to examine outcomes related to antiplatelet or anticoagulation therapy in patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA). A retrospective review of 260 consecutive patients undergoing CEA. Data including ...
Vibhute Pavankumar Janardan - - 2011
This report describes the multidisciplinary phasewise treatment of a 20-year-old female patient having unilateral right TMJ bony (true) ankylosis whose mouth opening was restricted to 2 mm and mandibular retrognathism; additionally, she was also suffering from speech problems, snoring, difficulty in breathing, and low level of self-esteem and self-confidence. Bilateral gap ...
Goto Hirozo - - 2011
In post-stroke patients, the recurrence of stroke and progression of impairments lead to a bedridden state and dementia. As for their treatments, only anti-hypertension and anti-coagulation therapies to prevent the recurrence of stroke are available. In Asia, post-stroke patients with impairments are often treated with herbal medicine. The present study ...
Thomson Neil C - - 2011
Bronchial thermoplasty (BT) is a bronchoscopic procedure that improves asthma control by reducing excess airway smooth muscle. Treated patients have been followed out to 5 years to evaluate long-term safety of this procedure. Patients enrolled in the Asthma Intervention Research Trial were on inhaled corticosteroids ≥200 μg beclomethasone or equivalent ...
Papastergiou S G - - 2011
Brucellosis is a zoonotic infection with a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations. The authors report the first case in the literature of septic arthritis of the knee 1 year after revision of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Brucella melitensis biotype 3 was found in both synovial fluid and blood cultures. The ...
Matsumoto H - - 2011
Effects of long-term treatment with inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) on airway-wall thickness in patients with asthma remain unknown. To determine whether airway-wall thickness consistently decreases after long-term ICS treatment, and to analyze factors contributing to long-term airway-wall changes in asthmatics. A retrospective analysis of long-term changes in airway-wall thickness using computed ...
Azabji-Kenfack M - - 2011
Malnutrition is a major global public health issue and its impact on communities and individuals is more dramatic in Sub-Saharan Africa, where it is compounded by widespread poverty and generalized high prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Therefore, malnutrition should be addressed through a multisectorial approach, and malnourished individuals should ...
Afshinmajd Siamak S Department of Neurology, Shahed University, Tehran, - - 2011
Migraine is a prevalent disease which is classified into two groups of migraine with aura and without aura. Eighteen percent of women and 6.5 percent of men in United States have migraine headache. Migraine headache is prevalent in all age groups but it usually subsides in adults above fifty. Migraine ...
Sposato B - - 2010
Many asthmatics take therapy intermittently because of their scarce compliance. It is not known if this is effective in controlling and slowing down the lung function decline in asthma. Our aim was to compare the effect of a regular treatment and an intermittent one on some clinical aspects and on ...
Marone Enrico Maria - - 2010
Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) has been shown to be superior to medical therapy alone in the prevention of stroke only if it can be safely performed (ie, with a complication rate less than 3% in asymptomatic patients and less than 6% in symptomatic patients). Technical defects are the most common cause ...
Nouraei S A Reza - - 2010
Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) improves the cerebrovascular prognosis of patients with carotid stenosis but carries a risk of causing postoperative neurological deterioration. We assessed hemisphere-specific changes in saccadic eye movements to determine the utility of saccadometry as a quantitative neurosurgical outcome measure. Visually evoked saccades were recorded at the bedside before ...
Nayak S - - 2010
We report our initial experience with a Solitaire AB neurovascular remodeling stent device in performing cerebral embolectomy in seven patients presenting to our institution with acute stroke who were resistant to iv thrombolytic drug treatment. The main inclusion criteria were: National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score ≥10; treatment ...
De Rango P - - 2011
Management of anti-platelet therapy during carotid artery stenting (CAS) is mainly based on indirect evidence from coronary stenting experience. There is common agreement on the use of thienopyridine (mainly second-generation) during CAS, but some patients are unsuitable for clopidogrel treatment and data on the benefit of its use in large ...
Diener Hans-Christoph - - 2010
In the Randomised Evaluation of Long-Term Anticoagulation Therapy (RE-LY) trial, dabigatran reduced occurrence of both stroke and haemorrhage compared with warfarin in patients who had atrial fibrillation and were at increased risk of stroke. We aimed to assess the effects of dabigatran compared with warfarin in the subgroup of patients ...
Németh Zsófia K - - 2011
The method of estimating distance traveled by the pulse wave, used in the calculation of pulse wave velocity (PWV), is not standardized. Our objective was to assess whether different methods of distance measurement influenced the association of PWV to cardiovascular mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Ninety-eight chronic HD patients had ...
Dorigo Walter - - 2011
To evaluate results of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in diabetic patients in a large single-center experience. Over a 13-year period ending in December 2008, 4305 consecutive CEAs in 3573 patients were performed. All patients were prospectively enrolled in a dedicated database. Interventions were performed in diabetic patients in 883 cases (20.5%; ...
Doi Kiyoshi - - 2010
Cerebrovascular atherosclerotic disease is a widely known risk factor for stroke after conventional coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The aim of this study is to evaluate the incidence of stroke in patients with significant cerebrovascular disease after off-pump CABG. In this retrospective study, 611 patients, who underwent off-pump CABG, were ...
Hsieh Ching-Hui - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To understand the use of therapy extenders in stroke rehabilitation. DESIGN: Descriptive analysis of a prospective observational cohort study. RESULTS: Two hundred ninety-eight patients with moderate stroke and 284 with severe stroke from 5 inpatient rehabilitation facilities with complete physical and occupational therapy data are included in the study. ...
Ikeda Katsuhisa - - 2010
The link between nasal and bronchial disease has been studied extensively for chronic rhinosinusitis and asthma. The concept of "united airway allergy" has become widely accepted in the past decade. We evaluated the relationship between the upper and lower airways during follow-up after endoscopic sinus surgery by monitoring sinonasal and ...
Muresan Ioan-Paul - - 2010
To evaluate whether very early neurologic improvement (VENI) after intravenous (i.v.) recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) perfusion in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) predicts favorable outcome at 3 months. Retrospective analysis of prospective data. Stroke registry at the Stroke Unit, Tenon University Hospital. We analyzed consecutive patients with AIS ...
Stoykov Mary Ellen - - 2010
To assess the feasibility of treating inpatient stroke survivors with active-passive bilateral therapy as a motor priming technique before occupational therapy. Single case series with two matched pairs in the subacute post-stroke rehabilitation phase. The test patients received active-passive bilateral therapy plus upper limb motor training. Control patients received only ...
Hassan Ameer E - - 2012
Aspirin and clopidogrel treatment beyond 1 month in patients undergoing angioplasty and/or stent placement within the extra- and/or intracranial arteries is not defined. To determine the incidence of intracranial and systemic bleeding events, recurrent ischemic stroke, and death in patients treated with dual antiplatelets for greater than 1 month. We ...
Tei Hideaki - - 2011
Whether lesion volume on diffusion-weighted MRI imaging (DWI) can reliably predict functional outcome in acute ischemic stroke is controversial. The aim of our study was to assess whether the Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) on DWI is useful for predicting functional outcome in patients with anterior circulation infarction ...
Simpson Marion A - - 2010
To report Australian outcomes from the Safe Implementation of Thrombolysis in Stroke International Stroke Thrombolysis Register (SITS-ISTR). Observational study using data collected prospectively from December 2002 to December 2008. Centres administering thrombolysis for acute stroke in Australia and worldwide. All patients treated with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator for acute stroke in ...
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