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Dixon John B JB Obesity Research Unit, Department of General Practice, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. - - 2012
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is strongly related to obesity. Weight loss is recommended as part of the overall management plan for obese patients diagnosed with OSA. To determine whether surgically induced weight loss is more effective than conventional weight loss therapy in the management of OSA. A randomized controlled trial ...
Fabris Sonia M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Aiming to ascertain whether frequency and severity of knee and foot problems were different between morbid obesity (MO) and superobesity (SO), a prospective clinical study was designed. METHODS: Bariatric candidates (N = 81, body mass index 40-81.3 kg/m(2), 43.2 % with SO) were submitted to knee and foot radiologic assessment, baropodometric footprint measurement, ...
Nauck M - - 2012
AIMS: To investigate efficacy and safety of dual therapy with liraglutide and metformin in comparison to glimepiride and metformin, and metformin monotherapy over 2 years in patients with type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the 26-week LEAD-2 core trial, patients (n=1091) were randomised (2:2:2:1:2) to liraglutide (0.6, 1.2 or ...
Koster A - - 2013
Convulsive seizures (CS) occur in ∼1% of the patients after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Recent investigations indicate an up to seven-fold increase in CS in cardiac surgical patients receiving high doses (≥60 mg kg(-1) body weight) of tranexamic acid (TA). In a retrospective data analysis of 4883 cardiac surgical ...
Skinner O T - - 2012
Ex vivo studies have been used extensively to investigate the mechanisms of tibial osteotomies but few have explored femorotibial alignment in vivo. The aim of this study was to assess femorotibial joint alignment under static weight-bearing conditions (and subsequent outcome) in dogs treated for cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) insufficiency with ...
Mui Wilfred Lik-Man - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of laparoscopic greater curve plication (LGCP) for the treatment of obesity in ethnic Chinese in Hong Kong. METHODS: Twenty-seven consecutive Chinese patients (23 females; mean age 37.6 ± 8.9 years) received LGCP for the treatment of obesity from September 2010 to December 2011. ...
Sarr Michael G - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Intermittent, reversible intraabdominal vagal blockade (VBLOC® Therapy) demonstrated clinically important weight loss in feasibility trials. EMPOWER, a randomized, double-blind, prospective, controlled trial was conducted in USA and Australia. METHODS: Five hundred three subjects were enrolled at 15 centers. After informed consent, 294 subjects were implanted with the vagal blocking ...
Inacio Maria C S MC Joint Doctoral Program in Epidemiology, San Diego State University/University of California, 3033 Bunker Hill St., San Diego, CA 92109, USA. - - 2013
The ability of patients with a total joint arthroplasty (TJA) to lose weight after surgery has been investigated in a few studies with inconsistent results. We asked: (1) What is the quality of evidence of current published literature on postoperative weight trends for patients who have had a TJA? (2) ...
Casey Petra M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Bleeding irregularities represent the most common etonogestrel subdermal implant (ESI) removal indication. STUDY DESIGN: ESI placements (n=304) from June 2007 to April 2011 were grouped by removal indications. Group characteristics were compared using one-way analysis of variance, Kruskal-Wallis and χ(2) test. RESULTS: Of 304 insertions, 30.6% reported irregular bleeding. ...
Nelson Daniel W - - 2012
OBJECTIVE To compare the outcomes of a large cohort undergoing biliopancreatic diversion/duodenal switch (DS) vs gastric bypass (GB). DESIGN Retrospective review of the Bariatric Outcomes Longitudinal Database from 2007 to 2010. All inpatient and outpatient follow-up data were analyzed. SETTING Multicenter database. PATIENTS Patients undergoing primary DS were compared with ...
Koh Kyung Suk - - 2012
Parry-Romberg disease is a rare condition that results in progressive hemifacial atrophy, involving the skin, dermis, subcutaneous fat, muscle, and, finally, cartilage and bone. Patients have been treated with dermofat or fat grafts or by microvascular free flap transfer. We hypothesized that adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) may improve the results ...
Ruiz-Tovar Jaime - - 2012
Bariatric surgery has been shown to be effective in achieving and maintaining weight change and reducing obesity-related comorbidities. Recent reports have shown that sleeve gastrectomy could have similar resolution rates of the metabolic syndrome than Roux-Y bypass after a short-term follow-up of 1 year. Most surgeons calibrate the sleeve with ...
Bloom Jacob M P JM University of Rochester Medical Center, New York, - - 2012
The mons region is often affected by massive weight loss (MWL), with descent of the pubic area and residual adiposity. Thinning and resuspension are often performed concomitantly with abdominal contouring procedures. Assess patient satisfaction, as well as functional and aesthetic results, after monsplasty in the MWL population. The authors identified ...
de Figueiredo Locks Giovani G Maternidade Carmela Dutra, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil. - - 2012
Shivering is a cause of discomfort and dissatisfaction in patients undergoing cesarean section. The objective of this study paper was to assess the impact of intrathecal administration of sufentanil on the incidence of shivering after cesarean section. In a prospective blinded, randomized clinical trial, pregnant women undergoing cesarean section under ...
Morassutti I I Metabolic and Nutrition Unit, Local Health Unit (ULSS 9), Treviso, Italy. - - 2012
The aim of the study was to assess the consequences of early and systematic nutritional intervention on the clinical conditions of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients and on the opportunity to maintain a good nutritional status for as long as possible. Thirty-three subjects with ALS. Protocol Group: 12 subjects (9 ...
Lim David M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is gaining acceptance in the bariatric community as a definitive weight loss procedure; however, longitudinal data remain limited. The objective of this study was to compare weight loss results of LSG with laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) up to 5 years postoperatively using anthropometric measurements. ...
Knutsson Björn - - 2012
STRUCTURED ABSTRACT: Study Design. A cohort study based on the Swedish Spine Register.Objective. To determine the association between body mass index (BMI) and outcome of lumbar spine surgery for spinal stenosis.Summary of Background Data. Several small studies have sought to evaluate the importance of obesity in relation to results after ...
Valle Evan - - 2012
Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding is an effective procedure for weight loss. Long-term follow-up and band adjustments are crucial to achieve sustained weight loss, but the optimal frequency is unknown. We compare the weight loss of two patient groups adjusted at different frequencies. A 24-month analysis was conducted to 280 patients ...
Kokkinos Alexander - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Morbidly obese patients display cardiac abnormalities which are partially reversed after weight loss. The aim of the present study was to assess the potential difference in cardiovascular disease indices between patients who underwent either gastric bypass surgery or sleeve gastrectomy. METHODS: Thirty-seven morbidly obese patients who underwent either Roux-en-Y ...
Lee David Y - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study is to compare the outcomes of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) in obese adolescents. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all adolescents between the ages of 15 and 19 who underwent LAGB or LRYGB at our university ...
van de Laar Arnold - - 2012
Excess weight loss (%EWL) results show significant variation by initial body mass index (BMI): the heavier the patient, the lower the result. It is unclear whether this effect originates from the arithmetic construction of this outcome measure or from any true difference in bariatric impact on heavier and lighter patients. ...
Modarressi A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Excess skin after massive weight loss impairs patient's health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Therefore, body-contouring surgeries can be proposed. However, few data exist concerning the effect of body contouring after bariatric surgery on HRQoL, including control group with a long-term follow-up. METHODS: In a prospective study, 98 consecutive patients ...
Vaduganathan Muthiah - - 2012
Limited data have suggested that an "obesity paradox" exists for mortality and cardiovascular outcomes in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Much less is known about the role of the preoperative body mass index (BMI) in patients undergoing valve surgery. We evaluated 2,640 consecutive patients who underwent valve surgery between ...
Pettinari Matteo - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The use of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) has been associated with similar or even worse results vs on-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). Different production processes demand re-engineering, operational learning and quality loops to study and reduce negative learning curves. This analysis studies and quantifies the impact ...
Rybak James - - 2012
Introduction.  Loss of penile length is a recognized and common consequence of Peyronie's disease (PD). Traction therapy (TT+) has been reported to decrease post-op length loss as well as increase stretched penile length (SPL) prior to surgery. Aim.  The aim of this study was to study patient outcomes with penile ...
Baker Paul - - 2012
In the United Kingdom, organizations involved in health-care commissioning have recently introduced legislation limiting access to total knee arthroplasty through the introduction of arbitrary thresholds unsupported by the literature and based on body mass index. This study aimed to establish the relationship between body mass index and patient-reported specific and ...
Huang Jinlong - - 2012
An aesthetically short nose is very common in Asians. In the past few decades, rhinoplasty in China has focused mainly on the augmentation of the dorsum with alloplastic materials. Alloplastic materials used to augment the nasal tip or for nose lengthening rhinoplasty present a high risk of complications. Therefore, a ...
Simon E N M - - 2012
The results are reported of a clinical follow-up study on 32 selected but consecutive patients with mandibular ameloblastoma. They were all treated by a segmental resection and reconstructed, using two 2.3mm reconstruction plates and an autogenous particulate bone graft, taken from the anterior iliac crest, and platelet rich plasma. Follow-up ...
Li Tiaoying - - 2012
Taeniasis refers to the infection with adult tapeworms of Taenia spp. in the upper small intestine of humans, which is also a cause of cysticercosis infection in either both humans and/or animals. Currently the most commonly applied anthelminthics for treatment of taeniasis are praziquantel and niclosamide. Praziquantel is very effective, ...
Lumen N - - 2012
Introduction: Different types of grafts have been described in urethral reconstruction (UR), with penile skin graft (PSG) and buccal mucosa graft (BMG) as the most frequently used ones. It still remains unclear whether one graft is superior in terms of success when compared to the other. Material and Methods: A ...
Hopper Richard A - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: In traditional Lefort III distraction the transport segment is advanced en bloc without addressing differences in the relative retrusion of the facial structure. The purpose of this paper is to describe three methods for correcting these asymmetries with differential facial advancement. METHODS:: Eight patients with asymmetric facial hypoplasia were ...
Koh Kyung Suk - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Parry-Romberg disease is a rare condition that results in progressive hemifacial atrophy, involving the skin, dermis, subcutaneous fat, muscle, and, finally, cartilage and bone. Patients have been treated with dermofat or fat grafts or by microvascular free flap transfer. We hypothesized that adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) may improve the ...
Lakdawala Muffazal - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to evaluate the long-term results of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass on excess weight loss, remission of the metabolic syndrome, and complications in Indian patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with a body mass index of 30-35 kg/m(2). The setting was a corporate hospital in ...
Neligan Patrick J - - 2012
General anesthesia and surgery are associated with changes in the shape of the chest that result in atelectasis, a major factor in the development of postoperative respiratory failure. Postoperative noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) has been shown to improve oxygenation and ventilation for high-risk patients. NIPPV has been used as ...
Shah Samir - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Infection of thoracic aortic grafts occurs infrequently; however, once present, it is associated with high patient morbidity and mortality. We report our successful experience in the treatment of 11 patients who developed infection of their thoracic aortic graft. METHODS: This is an institutional review board-approved retrospective review of 11 ...
D'Amico Francesco - - 2012
BACKGROUND/AIMS.: Anti-oxidant agents have the potential to reduce the ischemia-reperfusion damage of organs for liver transplantation (LT). In this randomized prospective study, we tested the impact on the post-LT outcome of the infusion of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) during the liver procurement procedure. METHODS.: Between December 2006 and July 2009, 140 grafts, ...
Amin Alpesh - - 2012
Patients undergoing surgery for total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are at particularly high risk for developing venous thromboembolism (VTE). Despite the existence of effective therapies for VTE prevention, THA/TKA patients remain at risk for developing thrombi. Furthermore, the incidence of VTE is predicted to increase as ...
Baumann Frederic - - 2012
To evaluate patency and clinical efficacy of endovascular therapy for infrainguinal bypass obstructions. Patients were categorized with regard to symptoms (asymptomatic/intermittent claudication [IC] vs critical limb ischemia [CLI]), bypass graft material used (autologous vs prosthetic graft), and localization of distal anastomoses (femoropopliteal vs femorodistal bypass). Primary patency was defined as ...
Väärämäki Suvi - - 2012
Only limited data on the long-term results after endovascular aneurysm repair exist to date. Data on 282 patients with an abdominal aortic aneurysm treated with a Zenith endoprosthesis between March 2000 and March 2010 were retrospectively analyzed from a prospective database. Operative, total, and aneurysm-related mortality was assessed, as were ...
Langer David J - - 2012
: Complex intracranial aneurysms and tumors may require high flow cerebral bypasses for safe treatment. All previous studies on such high flow bypasses have been retrospective single institution case series with complication rates and outcomes that may be inherently biased. Here we present results from the first prospective, multicenter international ...
Papayannis Aristotelis C - - 2012
The Stenting of Saphenous Grafts-Xience V (SOS-Xience V) trial prospectively examined the frequency of angiographic in-stent restenosis in saphenous vein graft (SVG) lesions 12 months after implantation of a Xience V everolimus-eluting stent (EES; Abbott Vascular). Optical coherence tomography (OCT) during follow-up angiography was added to the protocol after OCT ...
Sharma Sanjiv - - 2012
Slow flow and no-reflow phenomenon (SF-NR) in saphenous vein grafts (SVG) stenting is related to the occurrence of distal plaque embolization, platelet activation and microvascular vasospasm. Our article discusses few of the patents related to strategies for preventing slow-flow/no-reflow phenomenon in SVG percutaneous coronary intervention (SVG PCI). Data from 163 ...
Bae Jae Jun - - 2012
Obesity has been suggested as a risk factor for worse perioperative outcomes, especially in radical prostatectomy, in several studies. However, the impact of obesity on perioperative outcomes has not yet been well elucidated for robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP). We evaluated whether obesity had an adverse effect on outcomes following ...
Ponce Jaime - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Intragastric balloons are designed to occupy space within the stomach and induce satiety. The present study evaluated the safety and efficacy of an intragastric dual balloon as an adjunct to diet and exercise in obese patients compared with diet and exercise alone. METHODS: After approval from the institutional review ...
Attaya Hosam - - 2012
The objective of this study was to determine 3-month cumulative incidence of peri-procedural thromboembolism (TE) including graft occlusion, and peri-procedural bleeding for chronically anticoagulated vascular bypass graft (BG) patients requiring temporary warfarin interruption for an invasive procedure. Appropriate peri-procedural management of patients receiving chronic warfarin therapy to preserve lower extremity ...
Stokmans R A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The ENGAGE registry was undertaken to examine the real-world outcome after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair (EVAR) with the Endurant Stent Graft in a large, contemporary, global series of patients. METHODS: From March 2009 to April 2011, 1262 AAA patients (89.6% men; mean age 73.1 years, range 43-93 ...
Shingarev Roman R Division of Nephrology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, - - 2012
Central venous catheters frequently are used for hemodialysis vascular access while patients await placement and maturation of an arteriovenous fistula or graft. Catheters may cause central vein stenosis, which can adversely affect vascular access outcomes. We compared vascular access outcomes in patients with a history of ipsilateral and contralateral dialysis ...
Silay Mesrur Selcuk - - 2012
"Snodgraft" modification has been proposed to reduce the risk of meatal/neourethral stenosis in distal hypospadias. We applied the Snodgraft technique by using inner preputial graft in primary distal hypospadias repair. A total of 102 consecutive patients undergoing the Snodgraft procedure were prospectively studied between 2006 and 2011. Mean patient age ...
Mor Alessandro - - 2012
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass has been used for >3 decades. However, no normative data are available to aid the bariatric surgeon in assessing the adequacy of weight loss at each postoperative visit. The objective of the present study was to construct nomograms to aid in the assessment of weight loss. The ...
Erdil Mehmet - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the osteochondral autologous graft transfer system in the treatment of chondral and osteochondral lesions of the knee. METHODS: Sixty five knees of sixty four patients who underwent autologous osteochondral graft transfer were evaluated with clinical scores and imaging ...
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