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Results 601 - 650 of 2850
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Edelman Steven S University of California, San Diego, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Diego, CA, - - 2012
Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is an established bariatric surgical procedure that produces meaningful weight loss and improvements in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m2. This study examined the effect of LAGB on T2DM status in severely obese patients with ...
Kinder Kristi L - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine if overweight children are more likely than normal-weight children to require ondansetron when undergoing ketamine sedation in a pediatric emergency department. METHODS: Patients between the ages of 2 and 18 years with an American Society of Anesthesiologists classification of I or ...
Thomovsky Stephanie A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Describe the use and feasibility of a novel vacuum-assisted tissue resection device (VRD) for canine intervertebral disc fenestration, and compare the effectiveness of manual fenestration to the VRD. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized prospective study. ANIMALS: Canine cadavers (n = 15). METHODS: A cadaveric lumbar spine study was performed to compare ...
Isac Wahib E - - 2012
Study Type - Therapy (case series) Level of Evidence 4 "What's known on the subject?" and "What does the study add?" Obesity is associated with higher incidence of renal cell carcinoma. Laparoscopic and robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) was shown to be technically feasible in the obese population. In the present study ...
Hirao Motohiro - - 2012
PURPOSE: This randomized, controlled trial evaluated the clinical efficacy of Billroth I (BI) and Roux-en-Y (RY) reconstruction at 1 year after distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer. METHODS: The primary end point was the amount of body weight lost at 1 postoperative year, and secondary end points included other items related to ...
Murray D W - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Obesity is considered to be a contraindication for unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR). The aim was to study the impact of BMI on failure rate and clinical outcome of the Oxford mobile bearing UKR. METHOD: Two thousand four hundred and thirty-eight medial Oxford UKRs were studied prospectively and divided into ...
Hou Chun-Cheng - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for developing chronic kidney disease (CKD) that may be improved with bariatric surgical weight reduction. The objective of this study was to investigate changes in the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in severely obese patients 1 year after bariatric surgery. METHODS: GFR was measured in ...
Carrillo Andres A Intensive Care Unit, Hospital JM Morales Meseguer, Murcia, - - 2012
Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) is widely used in episodes of acute hypercapnic respiratory failure (AHRF) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, there is no evidence on the efficacy of NIV during similar episodes in obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS). To compare the efficacy of NIV in episodes of AHRF ...
Rosenberg Dori E - - 2013
Using preliminary data, we examined: (i) patterns of body mass index (BMI) over the year following amputation by amputation level and (ii) the association between BMI and mobility and prosthetic device use. Patients from three medical centers undergoing dysvascular amputation (N = 87; M age = 62) participated in interviews ...
van der Boon Robert M A - - 2012
Better outcomes have been reported after percutaneous cardiac intervention in obese patients ("obesity paradox"). However, limited information is available on the effect of the body mass index on the outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). We, therefore, sought to determine the effect of the body mass index on the ...
Afoke Jonathan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is a popular choice for patients seeking weight loss surgery. Since behavioural change appears to play a role in weight loss outcomes we postulated that publicly funded patients might not do as well as self-payers. This series examines the effect of public funding versus ...
Fernandes L A - - 2012
Our aim was to compare peri-operative core temperatures and the incidence of hypothermia in obese and non-obese women with active forced-air warming. Twenty female patients scheduled for abdominal surgery were allocated to two groups according to body mass index. Ten obese (30.0-34.9 kg.m(-2) ) and 10 non-obese (18.5-24.9 kg.m(-2) ) women received ...
Pösö Tomi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In morbidly obese patients (MO), adequate levels of venous return (VR) and left ventricular filling pressures (LVFP) are crucial in order to augment perioperative safety. Rapid weight loss (RWL) preparation with very low calorie diet is commonly used aiming to facilitate bariatric surgery. However, the impact of RWL on ...
Yoshimura Ichiro - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the factors that influence the time to union after arthroscopic ankle arthrodesis. METHODS: From June 2005 to October 2010, 46 patients (50 ankles) underwent arthroscopic ankle arthrodesis with 6.0-mm cannulated cancellous screws. There were 22 men and 24 women (mean age, 63 years). Medical ...
Dhollander Aad Alfons Maria - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this short-term study was to determine whether patellar thickness and tilt influence the postoperative flexion in a high-flex design total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: Between 2007 and 2009, 106 patients underwent surgery for TKA using rotating platform flex prosthesis (DePuy, Warsaw, Ind). All of them were ...
Kerkhoffs Gino M M J - - 2012
The increase in the number of individuals with an unhealthy high body weight is particularly relevant in the United States. Obesity (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m2) is a well-documented risk factor for the development of osteoarthritis. Furthermore, an increased prevalence of total knee arthroplasty in obese individuals has been ...
von Bremen J - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To determine whether there is a correlation between body mass index (BMI), patient cooperation, and treatment success during multibracket (MB) appliance therapy. Materials and Methods: All adolescent MB patients started and finished between 2007 and 2010 were analyzed. The pretreatment BMI was calculated and negative file entries such ...
Legro Richard S RS Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, 500 University Drive, H103, Hershey, Pennsylvania 17033, USA. - - 2012
Reproductive function may improve after bariatric surgery, although the mechanisms and time-related changes are unclear. The objective of the study was to determine whether ovulation frequency/quality as well as associated reproductive parameters improve after Roux en Y gastric bypass surgery. This was a prospective cohort study that enrolled female subjects ...
Nakamura Takatoshi - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study compared the results of laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer in obese patients with a body-mass index (BMI) of 25 kg/m(2) or higher with those in nonobese patients (BMI <25 kg/m(2)) who were matched for clinicohistopathological factors. METHODS: The oncologic outcomes were compared between 140 patients with a BMI of ...
Giardiello Cristiano - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The positioning of an intragastric saline-filled balloon has been developed as temporary and reversible therapeutic option for treatment of morbid obesity. Recently, an air-filled balloon was also developed. The aim of this study is to prospectively compare these two devices in terms of weight loss parameters, safety, and tolerance. ...
Han Qiaojun - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) has been our operation of choice for morbid obesity since 2003. The aim of this study was to review 5 years of LAGB procedures at a single institution in China. METHODS: All patients who underwent LAGB at our institution from June 2003 to November 2009 ...
Lau Darryl - - 2012
Comparative studies evaluating efficacy and safety of minimally invasive spinal fusion between patients with significant obesity (body mass index [BMI]⩾35kg/m(2)) and those of normal weight are scarce. We examined complication rates and outcomes for minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MITLIF) in patients with significant obesity and those of normal ...
Souto Luís Ricardo Martinhão - - 2012
Abdominoplasties carried out in patients previously underwent gastroplasty present high rates of complications, including increased bleeding in the intra- and postoperative periods. This study evaluated bleeding, coagulation parameters (coagulogram, dosage of fibrinogen, FII, FV, FVII, FVIII, FIX, FX, and FXII), and thromboelastography in two groups of women who underwent abdominoplasties: ...
Sadeghi Banafsheh - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The FDA-approved dose of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) may not provide adequate thromboprophylaxis in morbidly obese patients after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Suboptimal dosing, delayed initiation, and overreliance on mechanical methods may also limit the effectiveness of thromboprophylaxis. OBJECTIVE: We explored the associations between the type of thromboprophylaxis, obesity, time ...
Lee Dae-Hee - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Successful outcomes following high tibial osteotomy (HTO) require precise realignment of the mechanical axis of the lower extremity. The present study investigated whether the weight-bearing limb scanogram (WBS) technique provided a more accurate mechanical axis realignment than the navigation technique in open high tibial osteotomy (OHTO). METHODS: This prospective ...
Itariu Bianca K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Chronic adipose tissue inflammation is a hallmark of obesity, triggering the development of associated pathologies, particularly type 2 diabetes. Long-chain n-3 PUFAs reduce cardiovascular events and exert well-established antiinflammatory effects, but their effects on human adipose tissue inflammation are unknown. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether n-3 PUFAs reduce adipose tissue ...
Zarate Xeily - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Banded Roux-en-Y gastric bypass was designed to avoid or diminish weight regain in the long term. In 2008, we published the initial results of a pilot study design to comparatively evaluate surgical morbidity, mortality, and maximum weight loss in patients undergoing banded and unbanded laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). ...
Jaiswal P K - - 2012
We analysed whether a high body mass index (BMI) had a deleterious effect on outcome following autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) or matrix-carried autologous chondrocyte implantation (MACI) for the treatment of full-thickness chondral defects of the knee from a subset of patients enrolled in the ACI vs MACI trial at The ...
Cutolo P P - - 2012
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) are performed in patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aim of this study is to evaluate retrospectively the clinical efficacy of RYGB and SG in two groups of obese T2DM patients. From the hospital database, we extracted the ...
Collins R A - - 2012
A total of 445 consecutive primary total knee replacements (TKRs) were followed up prospectively at six and 18 months and three, six and nine years. Patients were divided into two groups: non-obese (body mass index (BMI) < 30 kg/m(2)) and obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)). The obese group was subdivided ...
de Luis D A - - 2012
Background: The aim of our study was to evaluate in patients with obesity and chronic osteoarthritis the impact on quality of life and metabolic control of a dietary intervention with a hypocaloric commercial formula. Methods: A sample of 55 obese patients with chronic osteoarthritis was enrolled. The study consisted of ...
Jalalzadeh Mojgan M Departments of Nephrology , Imam Hossein Hospital , Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2012
In dialysis patients, chronic infections have been associated with cachexia and anorexia. This study was carried out to determine the association between Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection and body mass index (BMI) in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Ninety eight patients were divided into two groups of negative (group 1) and positive (group ...
Rasera-Junior Irineu I Clínica Bariátrica, Hospital Fornecedores de Cana, Piracicaba, SP. - - 2012
Use of ring in Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is still a matter of controversy among bariatric surgeons. There is no consensus on its impact in relation to weight loss and weight maintenance in the long term. To evaluate the influence of the ring on the evolution of body weight over four ...
Ribaric G - - 2012
The study objective was to ascertain outcomes with the Swedish adjustable gastric band (SAGB) on an intention-to-treat basis in multiple centers across the French social health insurance system. SAGB results at 3-year follow-up are reported. The noncomparative, observational, prospective, consecutive cohort study design sought a 500-patient minimum recruitment geographically representative ...
Visockiene Zydrune - - 2013
Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is effective for weight reduction in severely obese patients. However, the data about its effect on metabolic syndrome (MS) are limited. To assess weight loss and changes of metabolic parameters 1 year after LAGB in a prospective, nonrandomized single center cohort study in morbidly obese ...
Lanzarini Enrique - - 2012
In the last years, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and obesity have become a serious public health problem, behaving as epidemic diseases. There is great interest in exploring different options for the treatment of T2DM in nonmorbidly obese patients. The purpose of this study is to report parameters of glycemic ...
Froeder Leila L Nephrology Division, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2012
Bariatric surgery (BS) may be associated with increased oxalate excretion and a higher risk of nephrolithiasis. This study aimed to investigate urinary abnormalities and responses to an acute oxalate load as an indirect assessment of the intestinal absorption of oxalate in this population. Twenty-four-hour urine specimens were collected from 61 ...
Olbers T - - 2012
CONTEXT:The prevalence of obesity among adolescents has increased and we lack effective treatments.OBJECTIVE:To determine if gastric bypass is safe and effective for an unselected cohort of adolescents with morbid obesity in specialized health care.DESIGN, SETTING AND PATIENTS:Intervention study for 81 adolescents (13-18 years) with a body mass index (BMI) range ...
Miller-Tate Holly - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Weight gain during the interstage (IS) period for hypoplastic left heart (HLHS) patients has been associated with improved outcomes. IS home monitoring has been shown to improve mortality. No data exist on IS weight gain and home monitoring effects on weight gain for HLHS patients undergoing the hybrid procedure. ...
Niazi Mani - - 2012
Demand for feasible, safe, and preferably low-cost methods of weight reduction is rising every day. The present study reports findings from laparoscopic gastric plication (LGP), which is a new restrictive bariatric technique, combined with a postoperative follow-up program. A 2-year prospective study was performed following LGP in 53 female morbidly ...
Nanni Giuseppe - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of restrictive procedures has been inferior to that of malabsorbitive ones. Recent variants of restrictive procedures, i.e., gastric banding and sleeve gastrectomy, confirm the strive for more efficacious solutions with less complications. We investigated the balance between effectiveness and complications for a new restrictive procedure, a Transoral ...
van Rutte P W J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is an upcoming primary treatment modality for morbid obesity. The aim of this study was to report the indications for and the outcomes of revisional surgery after SG. METHODS: Four hundred sixteen individuals underwent a SG between August 2006 and July 2010 with a minimum follow-up ...
Rebibo Lionel - - 2012
Longitudinal sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been validated for the treatment of morbid obesity. However, treatment failures can appear several months after SG. Additional malabsorptive surgery is generally recommended in such cases. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the outcomes of repeat SG (re-SG) relative to first-line SG. ...
Robert Maud - - 2012
Weight loss failure occurs in 8 % to 40 % of patients after gastric bypass (GBP). The aim of our study was to analyse the predictive factors of weight loss at 1 year so as to select the best candidates for this surgery and reduce the failures. We included 73 patients treated by ...
Gulluoglu Bahadir M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To assess the impact of prophylactic antibiotics on the prevention of surgical site infection (SSI) and the cost-effectiveness of this prophylaxis for breast cancer surgery in overweight or obese women. BACKGROUND DATA:: SSI is higher than expected after breast surgery. Obesity was found to be one of the risk ...
Ebbeling Cara B - - 2012
Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages may cause excessive weight gain. We aimed to assess the effect on weight gain of an intervention that included the provision of noncaloric beverages at home for overweight and obese adolescents. We randomly assigned 224 overweight and obese adolescents who regularly consumed sugar-sweetened beverages to experimental ...
Dixon John B - - 2012
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is strongly related to obesity. Weight loss is recommended as part of the overall management plan for obese patients diagnosed with OSA. To determine whether surgically induced weight loss is more effective than conventional weight loss therapy in the management of OSA. A randomized controlled trial ...
Neovius Martin - - 2012
Bariatric surgery results in sustained weight loss; reduced incidence of diabetes, cardiovascular events, and cancer; and improved survival. The long-term effect on health care use is unknown. To assess health care use over 20 years by obese patients treated conventionally or with bariatric surgery. The Swedish Obese Subjects study is ...
Ziaran Stanislav - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to assess complex skeletal and metabolic changes in a single cohort of PCa patients taking long-term ADT. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety-five patients with locally advanced PCa (mean age 73.3 ± 6.2 years) were treated with ADT for 24 months. Body mass index (BMI), ...
Moore Robert D - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Obesity is a well-established risk factor of stress urinary incontinence, which affects up to 35% of adult women worldwide. We evaluated whether there is a difference in outcomes with MiniArc sling for treatment of stress incontinence in obese women versus non-obese women at 24 months. METHODS: A 2-year subanalysis ...
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