Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 2826
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Lee Dae-Hee - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Successful outcomes following high tibial osteotomy (HTO) require precise realignment of the mechanical axis of the lower extremity. The present study investigated whether the weight-bearing limb scanogram (WBS) technique provided a more accurate mechanical axis realignment than the navigation technique in open high tibial osteotomy (OHTO). METHODS: This prospective ...
Itariu Bianca K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Chronic adipose tissue inflammation is a hallmark of obesity, triggering the development of associated pathologies, particularly type 2 diabetes. Long-chain n-3 PUFAs reduce cardiovascular events and exert well-established antiinflammatory effects, but their effects on human adipose tissue inflammation are unknown. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether n-3 PUFAs reduce adipose tissue ...
Zarate Xeily - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Banded Roux-en-Y gastric bypass was designed to avoid or diminish weight regain in the long term. In 2008, we published the initial results of a pilot study design to comparatively evaluate surgical morbidity, mortality, and maximum weight loss in patients undergoing banded and unbanded laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). ...
Jaiswal P K - - 2012
We analysed whether a high body mass index (BMI) had a deleterious effect on outcome following autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) or matrix-carried autologous chondrocyte implantation (MACI) for the treatment of full-thickness chondral defects of the knee from a subset of patients enrolled in the ACI vs MACI trial at The ...
Cutolo P P - - 2012
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) are performed in patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aim of this study is to evaluate retrospectively the clinical efficacy of RYGB and SG in two groups of obese T2DM patients. From the hospital database, we extracted the ...
Collins R A - - 2012
A total of 445 consecutive primary total knee replacements (TKRs) were followed up prospectively at six and 18 months and three, six and nine years. Patients were divided into two groups: non-obese (body mass index (BMI) < 30 kg/m(2)) and obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)). The obese group was subdivided ...
de Luis D A - - 2012
Background: The aim of our study was to evaluate in patients with obesity and chronic osteoarthritis the impact on quality of life and metabolic control of a dietary intervention with a hypocaloric commercial formula. Methods: A sample of 55 obese patients with chronic osteoarthritis was enrolled. The study consisted of ...
Jalalzadeh Mojgan M Departments of Nephrology , Imam Hossein Hospital , Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2012
In dialysis patients, chronic infections have been associated with cachexia and anorexia. This study was carried out to determine the association between Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection and body mass index (BMI) in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Ninety eight patients were divided into two groups of negative (group 1) and positive (group ...
Rasera-Junior Irineu I Clínica Bariátrica, Hospital Fornecedores de Cana, Piracicaba, SP. - - 2012
Use of ring in Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is still a matter of controversy among bariatric surgeons. There is no consensus on its impact in relation to weight loss and weight maintenance in the long term. To evaluate the influence of the ring on the evolution of body weight over four ...
Ribaric G - - 2012
The study objective was to ascertain outcomes with the Swedish adjustable gastric band (SAGB) on an intention-to-treat basis in multiple centers across the French social health insurance system. SAGB results at 3-year follow-up are reported. The noncomparative, observational, prospective, consecutive cohort study design sought a 500-patient minimum recruitment geographically representative ...
Visockiene Zydrune - - 2013
Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is effective for weight reduction in severely obese patients. However, the data about its effect on metabolic syndrome (MS) are limited. To assess weight loss and changes of metabolic parameters 1 year after LAGB in a prospective, nonrandomized single center cohort study in morbidly obese ...
Lanzarini Enrique - - 2012
In the last years, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and obesity have become a serious public health problem, behaving as epidemic diseases. There is great interest in exploring different options for the treatment of T2DM in nonmorbidly obese patients. The purpose of this study is to report parameters of glycemic ...
Froeder Leila L Nephrology Division, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2012
Bariatric surgery (BS) may be associated with increased oxalate excretion and a higher risk of nephrolithiasis. This study aimed to investigate urinary abnormalities and responses to an acute oxalate load as an indirect assessment of the intestinal absorption of oxalate in this population. Twenty-four-hour urine specimens were collected from 61 ...
Olbers T - - 2012
CONTEXT:The prevalence of obesity among adolescents has increased and we lack effective treatments.OBJECTIVE:To determine if gastric bypass is safe and effective for an unselected cohort of adolescents with morbid obesity in specialized health care.DESIGN, SETTING AND PATIENTS:Intervention study for 81 adolescents (13-18 years) with a body mass index (BMI) range ...
Miller-Tate Holly - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Weight gain during the interstage (IS) period for hypoplastic left heart (HLHS) patients has been associated with improved outcomes. IS home monitoring has been shown to improve mortality. No data exist on IS weight gain and home monitoring effects on weight gain for HLHS patients undergoing the hybrid procedure. ...
Niazi Mani - - 2012
Demand for feasible, safe, and preferably low-cost methods of weight reduction is rising every day. The present study reports findings from laparoscopic gastric plication (LGP), which is a new restrictive bariatric technique, combined with a postoperative follow-up program. A 2-year prospective study was performed following LGP in 53 female morbidly ...
Nanni Giuseppe - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of restrictive procedures has been inferior to that of malabsorbitive ones. Recent variants of restrictive procedures, i.e., gastric banding and sleeve gastrectomy, confirm the strive for more efficacious solutions with less complications. We investigated the balance between effectiveness and complications for a new restrictive procedure, a Transoral ...
van Rutte P W J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is an upcoming primary treatment modality for morbid obesity. The aim of this study was to report the indications for and the outcomes of revisional surgery after SG. METHODS: Four hundred sixteen individuals underwent a SG between August 2006 and July 2010 with a minimum follow-up ...
Rebibo Lionel - - 2012
Longitudinal sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been validated for the treatment of morbid obesity. However, treatment failures can appear several months after SG. Additional malabsorptive surgery is generally recommended in such cases. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the outcomes of repeat SG (re-SG) relative to first-line SG. ...
Robert Maud - - 2012
Weight loss failure occurs in 8 % to 40 % of patients after gastric bypass (GBP). The aim of our study was to analyse the predictive factors of weight loss at 1 year so as to select the best candidates for this surgery and reduce the failures. We included 73 patients treated by ...
Gulluoglu Bahadir M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To assess the impact of prophylactic antibiotics on the prevention of surgical site infection (SSI) and the cost-effectiveness of this prophylaxis for breast cancer surgery in overweight or obese women. BACKGROUND DATA:: SSI is higher than expected after breast surgery. Obesity was found to be one of the risk ...
Ebbeling Cara B - - 2012
Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages may cause excessive weight gain. We aimed to assess the effect on weight gain of an intervention that included the provision of noncaloric beverages at home for overweight and obese adolescents. We randomly assigned 224 overweight and obese adolescents who regularly consumed sugar-sweetened beverages to experimental ...
Dixon John B - - 2012
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is strongly related to obesity. Weight loss is recommended as part of the overall management plan for obese patients diagnosed with OSA. To determine whether surgically induced weight loss is more effective than conventional weight loss therapy in the management of OSA. A randomized controlled trial ...
Neovius Martin - - 2012
Bariatric surgery results in sustained weight loss; reduced incidence of diabetes, cardiovascular events, and cancer; and improved survival. The long-term effect on health care use is unknown. To assess health care use over 20 years by obese patients treated conventionally or with bariatric surgery. The Swedish Obese Subjects study is ...
Ziaran Stanislav - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to assess complex skeletal and metabolic changes in a single cohort of PCa patients taking long-term ADT. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety-five patients with locally advanced PCa (mean age 73.3 ± 6.2 years) were treated with ADT for 24 months. Body mass index (BMI), ...
Moore Robert D - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Obesity is a well-established risk factor of stress urinary incontinence, which affects up to 35% of adult women worldwide. We evaluated whether there is a difference in outcomes with MiniArc sling for treatment of stress incontinence in obese women versus non-obese women at 24 months. METHODS: A 2-year subanalysis ...
Adams Ted D - - 2012
Extreme obesity is associated with health and cardiovascular disease risks. Although gastric bypass surgery induces rapid weight loss and ameliorates many of these risks in the short term, long-term outcomes are uncertain. To examine the association of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery with weight loss, diabetes mellitus, and other health ...
Fabris Sonia M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Aiming to ascertain whether frequency and severity of knee and foot problems were different between morbid obesity (MO) and superobesity (SO), a prospective clinical study was designed. METHODS: Bariatric candidates (N = 81, body mass index 40-81.3 kg/m(2), 43.2 % with SO) were submitted to knee and foot radiologic assessment, baropodometric footprint measurement, ...
Nauck M - - 2012
AIMS: To investigate efficacy and safety of dual therapy with liraglutide and metformin in comparison to glimepiride and metformin, and metformin monotherapy over 2 years in patients with type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the 26-week LEAD-2 core trial, patients (n=1091) were randomised (2:2:2:1:2) to liraglutide (0.6, 1.2 or ...
Koster A - - 2013
Convulsive seizures (CS) occur in ∼1% of the patients after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Recent investigations indicate an up to seven-fold increase in CS in cardiac surgical patients receiving high doses (≥60 mg kg(-1) body weight) of tranexamic acid (TA). In a retrospective data analysis of 4883 cardiac surgical ...
Skinner O T - - 2012
Ex vivo studies have been used extensively to investigate the mechanisms of tibial osteotomies but few have explored femorotibial alignment in vivo. The aim of this study was to assess femorotibial joint alignment under static weight-bearing conditions (and subsequent outcome) in dogs treated for cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) insufficiency with ...
Mui Wilfred Lik-Man - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of laparoscopic greater curve plication (LGCP) for the treatment of obesity in ethnic Chinese in Hong Kong. METHODS: Twenty-seven consecutive Chinese patients (23 females; mean age 37.6 ± 8.9 years) received LGCP for the treatment of obesity from September 2010 to December 2011. ...
Sarr Michael G - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Intermittent, reversible intraabdominal vagal blockade (VBLOC® Therapy) demonstrated clinically important weight loss in feasibility trials. EMPOWER, a randomized, double-blind, prospective, controlled trial was conducted in USA and Australia. METHODS: Five hundred three subjects were enrolled at 15 centers. After informed consent, 294 subjects were implanted with the vagal blocking ...
Inacio Maria C S MC Joint Doctoral Program in Epidemiology, San Diego State University/University of California, 3033 Bunker Hill St., San Diego, CA 92109, USA. - - 2013
The ability of patients with a total joint arthroplasty (TJA) to lose weight after surgery has been investigated in a few studies with inconsistent results. We asked: (1) What is the quality of evidence of current published literature on postoperative weight trends for patients who have had a TJA? (2) ...
Casey Petra M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Bleeding irregularities represent the most common etonogestrel subdermal implant (ESI) removal indication. STUDY DESIGN: ESI placements (n=304) from June 2007 to April 2011 were grouped by removal indications. Group characteristics were compared using one-way analysis of variance, Kruskal-Wallis and χ(2) test. RESULTS: Of 304 insertions, 30.6% reported irregular bleeding. ...
Nelson Daniel W - - 2012
OBJECTIVE To compare the outcomes of a large cohort undergoing biliopancreatic diversion/duodenal switch (DS) vs gastric bypass (GB). DESIGN Retrospective review of the Bariatric Outcomes Longitudinal Database from 2007 to 2010. All inpatient and outpatient follow-up data were analyzed. SETTING Multicenter database. PATIENTS Patients undergoing primary DS were compared with ...
Koh Kyung Suk - - 2012
Parry-Romberg disease is a rare condition that results in progressive hemifacial atrophy, involving the skin, dermis, subcutaneous fat, muscle, and, finally, cartilage and bone. Patients have been treated with dermofat or fat grafts or by microvascular free flap transfer. We hypothesized that adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) may improve the results ...
Ruiz-Tovar Jaime - - 2012
Bariatric surgery has been shown to be effective in achieving and maintaining weight change and reducing obesity-related comorbidities. Recent reports have shown that sleeve gastrectomy could have similar resolution rates of the metabolic syndrome than Roux-Y bypass after a short-term follow-up of 1 year. Most surgeons calibrate the sleeve with ...
Morassutti I - - 2012
The aim of the study was to assess the consequences of early and systematic nutritional intervention on the clinical conditions of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients and on the opportunity to maintain a good nutritional status for as long as possible. Thirty-three subjects with ALS. Protocol Group: 12 subjects (9 ...
Bloom Jacob M P JM University of Rochester Medical Center, New York, - - 2012
The mons region is often affected by massive weight loss (MWL), with descent of the pubic area and residual adiposity. Thinning and resuspension are often performed concomitantly with abdominal contouring procedures. Assess patient satisfaction, as well as functional and aesthetic results, after monsplasty in the MWL population. The authors identified ...
de Figueiredo Locks Giovani G Maternidade Carmela Dutra, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil. - - 2012
Shivering is a cause of discomfort and dissatisfaction in patients undergoing cesarean section. The objective of this study paper was to assess the impact of intrathecal administration of sufentanil on the incidence of shivering after cesarean section. In a prospective blinded, randomized clinical trial, pregnant women undergoing cesarean section under ...
Lim David M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is gaining acceptance in the bariatric community as a definitive weight loss procedure; however, longitudinal data remain limited. The objective of this study was to compare weight loss results of LSG with laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) up to 5 years postoperatively using anthropometric measurements. ...
Knutsson Björn - - 2012
STRUCTURED ABSTRACT: Study Design. A cohort study based on the Swedish Spine Register.Objective. To determine the association between body mass index (BMI) and outcome of lumbar spine surgery for spinal stenosis.Summary of Background Data. Several small studies have sought to evaluate the importance of obesity in relation to results after ...
Valle Evan - - 2012
Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding is an effective procedure for weight loss. Long-term follow-up and band adjustments are crucial to achieve sustained weight loss, but the optimal frequency is unknown. We compare the weight loss of two patient groups adjusted at different frequencies. A 24-month analysis was conducted to 280 patients ...
Kokkinos Alexander - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Morbidly obese patients display cardiac abnormalities which are partially reversed after weight loss. The aim of the present study was to assess the potential difference in cardiovascular disease indices between patients who underwent either gastric bypass surgery or sleeve gastrectomy. METHODS: Thirty-seven morbidly obese patients who underwent either Roux-en-Y ...
Lee David Y - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study is to compare the outcomes of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) in obese adolescents. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all adolescents between the ages of 15 and 19 who underwent LAGB or LRYGB at our university ...
van de Laar Arnold - - 2012
Excess weight loss (%EWL) results show significant variation by initial body mass index (BMI): the heavier the patient, the lower the result. It is unclear whether this effect originates from the arithmetic construction of this outcome measure or from any true difference in bariatric impact on heavier and lighter patients. ...
Modarressi A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Excess skin after massive weight loss impairs patient's health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Therefore, body-contouring surgeries can be proposed. However, few data exist concerning the effect of body contouring after bariatric surgery on HRQoL, including control group with a long-term follow-up. METHODS: In a prospective study, 98 consecutive patients ...
Vaduganathan Muthiah - - 2012
Limited data have suggested that an "obesity paradox" exists for mortality and cardiovascular outcomes in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Much less is known about the role of the preoperative body mass index (BMI) in patients undergoing valve surgery. We evaluated 2,640 consecutive patients who underwent valve surgery between ...
Pettinari Matteo - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The use of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) has been associated with similar or even worse results vs on-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). Different production processes demand re-engineering, operational learning and quality loops to study and reduce negative learning curves. This analysis studies and quantifies the impact ...
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