Search Results
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Colombier Sebastian S Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Lausanne, - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate the influence of deep sternal wound infection on long-term survival following cardiac surgery. In our institutional database we retrospectively evaluated medical records of 4732 adult patients who received open-heart surgery from January 1995 through December 2005. The predictive factors for DSWI were determined using logistic ...
Hörchner Rogier R Ra-Medical Obesity Centre Beverwijk, Parallelweg 124-04, 1948 NN Beverwijk, The - - 2013
Background. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is considered an effective and well-tolerated surgical procedure. In this retrospective study, we critically assessed efficacy and negative personal experiences (NPEs) after RYGB with a self-administered questionnaire (SAQ). Methods. This questionnaire study included 404 patients who had undergone RYGB. Analysis was performed using data from ...
Issa Kimona K Seton Hall University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, South Orange Village, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical and radiographic outcomes of primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in morbidly obese patients compared to a cohort who had a normal body mass index (BMI). We reviewed 105 knees in 84 patients who had a minimum BMI of 40 kg/m2 ...
Issa Kimona K Seton Hall University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, South Orange Village, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to assess the outcomes of primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) in super-obese patients compared to a cohort who had a normal body mass index (BMI). Twenty patients (23 hips) who had a minimum BMI of 50 kg/m2 who underwent a primary THA between 2001 ...
Ferrario Chiara C Department of Endocrinology, University Hospital of Lausanne (CHUV), Rue du Bugnon 44, Lausanne, 1011, Switzerland. - - 2013
We report for the first time the case of a patient with Albright hereditary osteodystrophy and pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism who underwent a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. A 26-year-old obese Caucasian woman with Albright hereditary osteodystrophy with pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism (heterozygous mutation (L272F) in GNAS1 exon 10 on molecular analysis) was treated with gastric bypass. She ...
Caglar Erkan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to study the efficacy and safety of different types of intragastric balloon in morbidly obese patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 2005 to 2011, intragastric balloons were inserted endoscopically into 32 patients. Intragastric balloons were used in morbidly obese (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 35 kg/m(2) ) individuals who ...
Erdil Mehmet - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of body mass index (BMI) on early functional results of patients who undergo isolated partial meniscectomy. METHODS: The functional results for 1,090 patients who underwent partial meniscectomy, in 2 different orthopaedic clinics, were evaluated retrospectively. The study includes cases ...
Cavarretta Elena - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with high morbidity and represents an increasing health care problem worldwide. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been used effectively for weight loss and co-morbidity remission. In this retrospective study, we evaluated cardiac reverse remodeling at medium-term follow-up by echocardiography, the amount of cardiovascular medications, and the ...
Wilbring Manuel - - 2012
Background Patients with small aortic annulus undergoing isolated aortic valve replacement face an often underestimated surgical risk. We describe initial clinical results and long-term follow-up of this particular high-risk group.Methods Between January 1998 and December 2004, 148 consecutive patients with small aortic annulus underwent isolated aortic valve replacement by implantation of a ...
Galanaud J-P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) is the most frequent complication of deep-vein thrombosis (DVT). Its diagnosis is based on clinical characteristics. However, symptoms and signs of PTS are non-specific and could be the consequence of concomitant primary venous insufficiency (PVI) rather than DVT. This could bias evaluation of PTS. METHODS: Using ...
Mica Ladislav - - 2012
PURPOSE: Obesity is a growing problem in industrial nations. Our aim was to examine how overweight patients coped with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) after polytrauma. METHODS: A total of 651 patients were included in this retrospective study, with an ISS≥16 and age≥16 years. The sample was subdivided into three ...
Belle Steven H SH University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Electronic address: - - 2013
Although it is recognized that a standardized approach to reporting weight change is essential to meaningful comparisons among cohorts and across studies, consensus is lacking. This study aimed to propose a method of reporting weight change that would allow meaningful comparisons among studies of patients who underwent bariatric surgery and ...
Manaboriboon B B Department of Pediatrics, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, - - 2013
Physical appearance is very important to adolescents and weight gain secondary to corticosteroid (CS) treatment may have a direct impact on adolescent development. Understanding weight gain in adolescents with SLE who are being treated with CS will help clinicians develop strategies for prevention of nonadherence, obesity and eating disorders in ...
Dennis Douglas A - - 2012
From March 2006 to August 2008, 93 subjects (186 knees) underwent simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty performed by eight surgeons at North American centers. This randomized study was conducted to determine whether non-weight-bearing passive flexion was superior for knees receiving a posterior stabilized high flexion device compared to a posterior ...
Genco Alfredo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The request to lose weight is expanding not only in obese and morbidly obese patients but also in overweight patients affected by co-morbidities as diabetes and hypertension and who do not tolerate diet regimen or lifestyle changes. The aim of this study is a multicenter evaluation of outcomes of ...
Bin Abd Razak Hamid Rahmatullah HR Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Road, Singapore, 169608, Singapore. - - 2013
In Asia, obesity has reached epidemic proportions and physicians are likely to face a burden of obesity-related disorders, of which osteoarthritis of the knee is one. However, it is unclear whether obesity affects improvement of conventional TKAs in Asian patients. We therefore asked whether obese patients with a BMI of ...
Goitein David - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is an accepted bariatric procedure. Swallow studies (SS) after LSG are not uniform and display different patterns with regard to contrast passage through the gastric sleeve. The impact of immediate postoperative contrast transit time on weight loss has not been studied. The influence of immediate ...
Liu Tao - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the effect of obesity on injury severity score (ISS), mortality and course of hospital stay among trauma patients. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature was conducted by Internet search. Data were extracted from included studies and analysed using a random-effects model to compare ...
Luaces María - - 2012
Background Cardiac adaptation to obesity includes both structural and functional alterations in the heart. The kidneys also suffer the consequence of excessive increase of body weight. This study aims to assess the functional, cardiac and renal changes in a cohort of morbidly obese patients, as well as changes after bariatric ...
Rerksuppaphol Lakkana - - 2012
Obesity leads to significant morbidity and mortality. Transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) and auricular acupressure (AA) are alternative treatments for weight reduction, however there is no study of the combined treatments. To determine the efficacy of the combined treatment of TEAS and AA, compared with AA alone. A prospective randomized ...
Lim David - - 2012
Background: Development of modern therapeutic approaches over the last decade has improved short-term well-being in JIA patients. This study examines disease damage and body composition (BC). Aims: Comparison of JIA patients' clinical well-being with matched controls assessing BC, cross-sectional inflammatory markers and the levels of joint and uveitis-associated damage relating ...
Paluszkiewicz RafaƂ - - 2012
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is considered the gold standard bariatric procedure with documented safety and effectiveness. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a newer procedure being done with increasing frequency. Randomized comparisons of LSG and other bariatric procedures are limited. We present the results of the first prospective randomized trial comparing ...
Patel Vishal C - - 2012
Controversy exists regarding postoperative treatment of Achilles tendon repair. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of immediate weight bearing following modified percutaneous Achilles tendon repair using readily available materials. Fifty-two patients who were treated at a single center from 2000 to 2009 underwent percutaneous Achilles tendon ...
Hopper Richard A RA Division of Plastic Surgery, Craniofacial Center, Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, Wash 98105, USA. - - 2012
In traditional Le Fort III distraction, the transport segment is advanced en bloc without addressing differences in the relative retrusion of the facial structure. The authors describe three methods for correcting these asymmetries with differential facial advancement. Eight patients (age range, 4 to 20 years) with asymmetric facial hypoplasia were ...
Bennell Kim L - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a modified shoe which incorporates both lateral wedging and a variable-stiffness sole on knee joint loading in three populations: 1) individuals with symptomatic and radiographic knee osteoarthritis (OA), 2) asymptomatic overweight individuals and 3) asymptomatic healthy weight individuals. METHODS: 90 participants (30 per group) ...
Sioka Eleni - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the eating profile of patients after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and its impact on weight loss. METHODS: One hundred ten patients who underwent LSG were interviewed using Suter questionnaire and revised Questionnaire on Eating and Weight Patterns in follow-up visits. Eating ...
Culotta Brad A BA University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL - - 2013
In our clinical practice we found that some patients treated with external fixation, especially those with Blount disease, had notable weight gain. We hypothesized that correction of Blount disease using external fixation would be associated with weight gain and that the weight gain would be greater than that seen in ...
Schier Robert - - 2012
Aim: The inflammatory response following tissue injury after major surgery is known to affect endothelial function and vascular reactivity. In this study we evaluated the utility of bedside Digital Thermal Monitoring (DTM) as a surrogate for evaluating vascular function in the postoperative period.Methods: Ischemia-induced reactive hyperemia variables were measured in ...
Ledwidge Mark T - - 2012
AIMS: Previous studies have demonstrated poor sensitivity of guideline weight monitoring in predicting clinical deterioration of heart failure (HF). This study aimed to evaluate patterns of remotely transmitted daily weights in a high-risk HF population and also to compare guideline weight monitoring and an individualized weight monitoring algorithm. METHODS AND ...
Hatoum Ida J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Although Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is an effective treatment for severe obesity, weight loss (WL) after this operation is highly variable. Accurate predictors of outcome would thus be useful in identifying those patients who would most benefit from this invasive therapy. WL has been characterized using several different metrics, ...
Buchs Nicolas C - - 2012
Superobese patients (SO) (body mass index (BMI) ≥ 50 kg/m(2)) represent a real surgical challenge and the best management remains debatable. While the safety of a laparoscopic approach has been questioned for this population, robotics has been introduced in the armamentarium of the bariatric surgeon, yet its role remains poorly assessed, especially for ...
Heo Yoon-Seok - - 2012
In Korea, the results of bariatric surgery have not been compared with those of nonsurgical treatment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of bariatric surgery vs. conventional nonsurgical treatment in severely obese Koreans. In this retrospective cohort study, we reviewed the medical charts of ...
Brière Anabèle - - 2012
The asymmetrical weight-bearing distribution of individuals with hemiparesis rising from a chair might be used to produce similar muscular efforts at the lower limbs. The aim of this study was to determine if individuals with hemiparesis have symmetrical levels of effort at the knee during spontaneous sit-to-stand transfers. Nineteen subjects ...
Werling M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The long-term results of Roux-en-$\hbox{Y}$ gastric bypass (gastric bypass) and vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) from randomized studies have not been described in detail. METHODS: Patients were randomized to gastric bypass or VBG. Body mass index (BMI), body composition, eating habits and gastrointestinal hormones were reviewed after 6 years. The ...
Tapper R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The incidence of obesity is increasing in New Zealand. The aim of the study was to determine whether obesity impacts on the cost of treating patients undergoing major colorectal surgery. METHODS: Between 1 February 2008 and 31 July 2009, consecutive patients undergoing major colorectal surgery at Christchurch Hospital, New ...
Tur Juan Jesús - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Morbid obesity is a major health problem and bariatric surgery is currently the most effective therapy available to induce weight loss in these patients. This report describes 1-year changes in weight and metabolic parameters, in a trial designed to examine the effects of a non-surgical approach, Intensive Life style ...
Mathur Abhishek A Department of Surgery, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33606, - - 2013
Obesity has been associated with poor oncologic outcomes following pancreatoduodenectomy for pancreatic cancer. However, there is a paucity of evidence on the impact of obesity on postoperative complications, oncologic outcome and survival in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). From a database of over 1000 patients ...
Emani Sitaramesh - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Patterns of weight change after implantation of a continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) can affect transplant candidacy and may influence outcomes. We evaluated changes in weight over a 24-month period from a national LVAD clinical trial database. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of 896 patients enrolled into ...
Uddin Fatema S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for colorectal cancer, and colonoscopy can be technically challenging in obese patients. It has been proposed (with little supporting data) that prone positioning of obese patients might facilitate a difficult colonoscopy. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine if starting colonoscopy in ...
Wang John L - - 2012
While obesity is associated with increased need for total hip arthroplasty (THA), the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and operative duration is unknown. We reviewed a series of 425 primary THAs implanted by one surgeon from 2004 to 2010. Patients were grouped by BMI based on the World Health ...
Delko T - - 2012
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is the gold standard in bariatric surgery. The effect of the procedure is based on restriction, malabsorption and changes in hormonal axis. Ghrelin is an important appetite hormone which is produced mainly in the gastric fundus. By adding a resection of the gastric fundus, we hypothesized ...
Hayashi Shinya S Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-1 Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe, 650-0017, Japan. - - 2012
Several studies have reported a risk of dislocation in obese patients after total hip arthroplasty. In this study, we evaluated the interaction between obesity and dislocation by kinematic analysis using a navigation system. The intraoperative range of motion (ROM) and postoperative impingement-free ROM were measured in 38 patients, and we ...
Kaplan Leon - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Study Design. Prospective patient series.Objective. To evaluate outcome of children suffering from severe osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) with thoracic insufficiency syndrome (TIS), who were treated with a novel expandable spino-thoracic fixation device.Summary of Background Data. Current treatment options for osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) patients with TIS are limited. As in other ...
Iossi Michael F - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Bariatric surgery is an effective method for acute weight loss. While the impact of bariatric surgery on general medical conditions (e.g., type 2 diabetes) is well documented, few studies focus on physical functional outcomes following weight-loss induced by bariatric surgery. DESIGN AND METHODS: We report on 50 women aged ...
Wishart Marc M Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Kantonsspital Bruderholz, 4101, Bruderholz, - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to identify predictive factors for the occurrence of complications in a consecutive series of patients who underwent step-cut tibial tubercle osteotomy (TTO) and subsequent screw refixation in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Using standardised conventional radiographs, critical parameters including TTO length and depth, proximal ...
Xing Zhiqing - - 2012
Currently, the outcome and indications of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) are still controversial. We retrospectively reviewed a consecutive case series of UKA done by a single surgeon between 2004 and 2007 including 178 knees (140 patients). There were 31 lateral UKA and 147 medial UKA. With a minimum follow-up of ...
Meacham Ryan - - 2012
We sought to determine the short-term and long-term overall mortality rates in obese and non-obese patients after tracheotomy and to evaluate which factors, including the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), predict mortality rates among obese patients. We performed a retrospective chart review of patients who underwent open tracheotomy in the operating ...
Pata Giacomo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Over the years, several modifications of the Scopinaro biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) have been proposed. This retrospective study reported the results of 15 years of follow-up after open BPD coupled with a type of transient gastroplasty (TG) and duodenal switch (DS), termed BPD-TG with DS. METHODS: Data were analyzed for ...
Yang Fan - - 2012
To evaluate the efficacy of octreotide in preventing severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) in obese patients. A prospective multi-center partly randomized control trial was conducted in patients with mild acute pancreatitis (AP). Nonobese patients received conventional management (nonobese-C, n = 82), whereas obese patients (body mass index ≥25 kg/m) were randomized ...
Busch Vincent J J F - - 2012
Socket fixation in patients with acetabular dysplasia can be technically demanding but the use of structural grafts can help to reconstruct the original center of hip rotation. Because reported survival rates differ, construct survival seems to depend on the technique of graft preparation and fixation. What is the survivorship of ...
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