Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 2819
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Brière Anabèle - - 2012
The asymmetrical weight-bearing distribution of individuals with hemiparesis rising from a chair might be used to produce similar muscular efforts at the lower limbs. The aim of this study was to determine if individuals with hemiparesis have symmetrical levels of effort at the knee during spontaneous sit-to-stand transfers. Nineteen subjects ...
Werling M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The long-term results of Roux-en-$\hbox{Y}$ gastric bypass (gastric bypass) and vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) from randomized studies have not been described in detail. METHODS: Patients were randomized to gastric bypass or VBG. Body mass index (BMI), body composition, eating habits and gastrointestinal hormones were reviewed after 6 years. The ...
Tapper R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The incidence of obesity is increasing in New Zealand. The aim of the study was to determine whether obesity impacts on the cost of treating patients undergoing major colorectal surgery. METHODS: Between 1 February 2008 and 31 July 2009, consecutive patients undergoing major colorectal surgery at Christchurch Hospital, New ...
Tur Juan Jesús - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Morbid obesity is a major health problem and bariatric surgery is currently the most effective therapy available to induce weight loss in these patients. This report describes 1-year changes in weight and metabolic parameters, in a trial designed to examine the effects of a non-surgical approach, Intensive Life style ...
Mathur Abhishek A Department of Surgery, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33606, - - 2013
Obesity has been associated with poor oncologic outcomes following pancreatoduodenectomy for pancreatic cancer. However, there is a paucity of evidence on the impact of obesity on postoperative complications, oncologic outcome and survival in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). From a database of over 1000 patients ...
Emani Sitaramesh - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Patterns of weight change after implantation of a continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) can affect transplant candidacy and may influence outcomes. We evaluated changes in weight over a 24-month period from a national LVAD clinical trial database. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of 896 patients enrolled into ...
Uddin Fatema S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for colorectal cancer, and colonoscopy can be technically challenging in obese patients. It has been proposed (with little supporting data) that prone positioning of obese patients might facilitate a difficult colonoscopy. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine if starting colonoscopy in ...
Wang John L - - 2012
While obesity is associated with increased need for total hip arthroplasty (THA), the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and operative duration is unknown. We reviewed a series of 425 primary THAs implanted by one surgeon from 2004 to 2010. Patients were grouped by BMI based on the World Health ...
Delko T - - 2012
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is the gold standard in bariatric surgery. The effect of the procedure is based on restriction, malabsorption and changes in hormonal axis. Ghrelin is an important appetite hormone which is produced mainly in the gastric fundus. By adding a resection of the gastric fundus, we hypothesized ...
Hayashi Shinya S Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-1 Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe, 650-0017, Japan. - - 2012
Several studies have reported a risk of dislocation in obese patients after total hip arthroplasty. In this study, we evaluated the interaction between obesity and dislocation by kinematic analysis using a navigation system. The intraoperative range of motion (ROM) and postoperative impingement-free ROM were measured in 38 patients, and we ...
Kaplan Leon - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Study Design. Prospective patient series.Objective. To evaluate outcome of children suffering from severe osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) with thoracic insufficiency syndrome (TIS), who were treated with a novel expandable spino-thoracic fixation device.Summary of Background Data. Current treatment options for osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) patients with TIS are limited. As in other ...
Iossi Michael F - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Bariatric surgery is an effective method for acute weight loss. While the impact of bariatric surgery on general medical conditions (e.g., type 2 diabetes) is well documented, few studies focus on physical functional outcomes following weight-loss induced by bariatric surgery. DESIGN AND METHODS: We report on 50 women aged ...
Wishart Marc M Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Kantonsspital Bruderholz, 4101, Bruderholz, - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to identify predictive factors for the occurrence of complications in a consecutive series of patients who underwent step-cut tibial tubercle osteotomy (TTO) and subsequent screw refixation in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Using standardised conventional radiographs, critical parameters including TTO length and depth, proximal ...
Xing Zhiqing - - 2012
Currently, the outcome and indications of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) are still controversial. We retrospectively reviewed a consecutive case series of UKA done by a single surgeon between 2004 and 2007 including 178 knees (140 patients). There were 31 lateral UKA and 147 medial UKA. With a minimum follow-up of ...
Meacham Ryan - - 2012
We sought to determine the short-term and long-term overall mortality rates in obese and non-obese patients after tracheotomy and to evaluate which factors, including the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), predict mortality rates among obese patients. We performed a retrospective chart review of patients who underwent open tracheotomy in the operating ...
Edelman Steven - - 2012
Objective: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is an established bariatric surgical procedure that produces meaningful weight loss and improvements in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m2. This study examined the effect of LAGB on T2DM status in severely obese patients ...
Pata Giacomo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Over the years, several modifications of the Scopinaro biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) have been proposed. This retrospective study reported the results of 15 years of follow-up after open BPD coupled with a type of transient gastroplasty (TG) and duodenal switch (DS), termed BPD-TG with DS. METHODS: Data were analyzed for ...
Yang Fan - - 2012
To evaluate the efficacy of octreotide in preventing severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) in obese patients. A prospective multi-center partly randomized control trial was conducted in patients with mild acute pancreatitis (AP). Nonobese patients received conventional management (nonobese-C, n = 82), whereas obese patients (body mass index ≥25 kg/m) were randomized ...
Busch Vincent J J F - - 2012
Socket fixation in patients with acetabular dysplasia can be technically demanding but the use of structural grafts can help to reconstruct the original center of hip rotation. Because reported survival rates differ, construct survival seems to depend on the technique of graft preparation and fixation. What is the survivorship of ...
Wang Qian Q Department of Anesthesiology, Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University, Beijing 100053, - - 2012
The palpation method is widely used in clinical practice to identify the puncture site of combined spinal-epidural (CSE) blocks, but it is usually difficult to accurately locate the puncture site in obese parturients. Accurate identification of the puncture site is crucial for successful CSE block. The objective of this study ...
Kinder Kristi L - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine if overweight children are more likely than normal-weight children to require ondansetron when undergoing ketamine sedation in a pediatric emergency department. METHODS: Patients between the ages of 2 and 18 years with an American Society of Anesthesiologists classification of I or ...
Thomovsky Stephanie A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Describe the use and feasibility of a novel vacuum-assisted tissue resection device (VRD) for canine intervertebral disc fenestration, and compare the effectiveness of manual fenestration to the VRD. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized prospective study. ANIMALS: Canine cadavers (n = 15). METHODS: A cadaveric lumbar spine study was performed to compare ...
Isac Wahib E - - 2012
Study Type - Therapy (case series) Level of Evidence 4 "What's known on the subject?" and "What does the study add?" Obesity is associated with higher incidence of renal cell carcinoma. Laparoscopic and robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) was shown to be technically feasible in the obese population. In the present study ...
Hirao Motohiro - - 2012
PURPOSE: This randomized, controlled trial evaluated the clinical efficacy of Billroth I (BI) and Roux-en-Y (RY) reconstruction at 1 year after distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer. METHODS: The primary end point was the amount of body weight lost at 1 postoperative year, and secondary end points included other items related to ...
Murray D W - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Obesity is considered to be a contraindication for unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR). The aim was to study the impact of BMI on failure rate and clinical outcome of the Oxford mobile bearing UKR. METHOD: Two thousand four hundred and thirty-eight medial Oxford UKRs were studied prospectively and divided into ...
Hou Chun-Cheng - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for developing chronic kidney disease (CKD) that may be improved with bariatric surgical weight reduction. The objective of this study was to investigate changes in the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in severely obese patients 1 year after bariatric surgery. METHODS: GFR was measured in ...
Carrillo Andres - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is widely used in episodes of acute hypercapnic respiratory failure (AHRF) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. However, there is no evidence on the efficacy of NIV during similar episodes in obesity-hypoventilation syndrome (OHS). We therefore compared the efficacy of NIV in episodes of AHRF ...
Rosenberg Dori E - - 2013
Using preliminary data, we examined: (i) patterns of body mass index (BMI) over the year following amputation by amputation level and (ii) the association between BMI and mobility and prosthetic device use. Patients from three medical centers undergoing dysvascular amputation (N = 87; M age = 62) participated in interviews ...
van der Boon Robert M A - - 2012
Better outcomes have been reported after percutaneous cardiac intervention in obese patients ("obesity paradox"). However, limited information is available on the effect of the body mass index on the outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). We, therefore, sought to determine the effect of the body mass index on the ...
Afoke Jonathan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is a popular choice for patients seeking weight loss surgery. Since behavioural change appears to play a role in weight loss outcomes we postulated that publicly funded patients might not do as well as self-payers. This series examines the effect of public funding versus ...
Fernandes L A - - 2012
Our aim was to compare peri-operative core temperatures and the incidence of hypothermia in obese and non-obese women with active forced-air warming. Twenty female patients scheduled for abdominal surgery were allocated to two groups according to body mass index. Ten obese (30.0-34.9 kg.m(-2) ) and 10 non-obese (18.5-24.9 kg.m(-2) ) women received ...
Pösö Tomi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In morbidly obese patients (MO), adequate levels of venous return (VR) and left ventricular filling pressures (LVFP) are crucial in order to augment perioperative safety. Rapid weight loss (RWL) preparation with very low calorie diet is commonly used aiming to facilitate bariatric surgery. However, the impact of RWL on ...
Yoshimura Ichiro - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the factors that influence the time to union after arthroscopic ankle arthrodesis. METHODS: From June 2005 to October 2010, 46 patients (50 ankles) underwent arthroscopic ankle arthrodesis with 6.0-mm cannulated cancellous screws. There were 22 men and 24 women (mean age, 63 years). Medical ...
Dhollander Aad Alfons Maria - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this short-term study was to determine whether patellar thickness and tilt influence the postoperative flexion in a high-flex design total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: Between 2007 and 2009, 106 patients underwent surgery for TKA using rotating platform flex prosthesis (DePuy, Warsaw, Ind). All of them were ...
Kerkhoffs Gino M M J - - 2012
The increase in the number of individuals with an unhealthy high body weight is particularly relevant in the United States. Obesity (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m2) is a well-documented risk factor for the development of osteoarthritis. Furthermore, an increased prevalence of total knee arthroplasty in obese individuals has been ...
von Bremen J - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To determine whether there is a correlation between body mass index (BMI), patient cooperation, and treatment success during multibracket (MB) appliance therapy. Materials and Methods: All adolescent MB patients started and finished between 2007 and 2010 were analyzed. The pretreatment BMI was calculated and negative file entries such ...
Legro Richard S RS Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, 500 University Drive, H103, Hershey, Pennsylvania 17033, USA. - - 2012
Reproductive function may improve after bariatric surgery, although the mechanisms and time-related changes are unclear. The objective of the study was to determine whether ovulation frequency/quality as well as associated reproductive parameters improve after Roux en Y gastric bypass surgery. This was a prospective cohort study that enrolled female subjects ...
Nakamura Takatoshi - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study compared the results of laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer in obese patients with a body-mass index (BMI) of 25 kg/m(2) or higher with those in nonobese patients (BMI <25 kg/m(2)) who were matched for clinicohistopathological factors. METHODS: The oncologic outcomes were compared between 140 patients with a BMI of ...
Giardiello Cristiano - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The positioning of an intragastric saline-filled balloon has been developed as temporary and reversible therapeutic option for treatment of morbid obesity. Recently, an air-filled balloon was also developed. The aim of this study is to prospectively compare these two devices in terms of weight loss parameters, safety, and tolerance. ...
Han Qiaojun - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) has been our operation of choice for morbid obesity since 2003. The aim of this study was to review 5 years of LAGB procedures at a single institution in China. METHODS: All patients who underwent LAGB at our institution from June 2003 to November 2009 ...
Lau Darryl - - 2012
Comparative studies evaluating efficacy and safety of minimally invasive spinal fusion between patients with significant obesity (body mass index [BMI]⩾35kg/m(2)) and those of normal weight are scarce. We examined complication rates and outcomes for minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MITLIF) in patients with significant obesity and those of normal ...
Souto Luís Ricardo Martinhão - - 2012
Abdominoplasties carried out in patients previously underwent gastroplasty present high rates of complications, including increased bleeding in the intra- and postoperative periods. This study evaluated bleeding, coagulation parameters (coagulogram, dosage of fibrinogen, FII, FV, FVII, FVIII, FIX, FX, and FXII), and thromboelastography in two groups of women who underwent abdominoplasties: ...
Sadeghi Banafsheh - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The FDA-approved dose of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) may not provide adequate thromboprophylaxis in morbidly obese patients after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Suboptimal dosing, delayed initiation, and overreliance on mechanical methods may also limit the effectiveness of thromboprophylaxis. OBJECTIVE: We explored the associations between the type of thromboprophylaxis, obesity, time ...
Lee Dae-Hee - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Successful outcomes following high tibial osteotomy (HTO) require precise realignment of the mechanical axis of the lower extremity. The present study investigated whether the weight-bearing limb scanogram (WBS) technique provided a more accurate mechanical axis realignment than the navigation technique in open high tibial osteotomy (OHTO). METHODS: This prospective ...
Itariu Bianca K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Chronic adipose tissue inflammation is a hallmark of obesity, triggering the development of associated pathologies, particularly type 2 diabetes. Long-chain n-3 PUFAs reduce cardiovascular events and exert well-established antiinflammatory effects, but their effects on human adipose tissue inflammation are unknown. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether n-3 PUFAs reduce adipose tissue ...
Zarate Xeily - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Banded Roux-en-Y gastric bypass was designed to avoid or diminish weight regain in the long term. In 2008, we published the initial results of a pilot study design to comparatively evaluate surgical morbidity, mortality, and maximum weight loss in patients undergoing banded and unbanded laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). ...
Jaiswal P K - - 2012
We analysed whether a high body mass index (BMI) had a deleterious effect on outcome following autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) or matrix-carried autologous chondrocyte implantation (MACI) for the treatment of full-thickness chondral defects of the knee from a subset of patients enrolled in the ACI vs MACI trial at The ...
Cutolo P P - - 2012
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) are performed in patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aim of this study is to evaluate retrospectively the clinical efficacy of RYGB and SG in two groups of obese T2DM patients. From the hospital database, we extracted the ...
Collins R A - - 2012
A total of 445 consecutive primary total knee replacements (TKRs) were followed up prospectively at six and 18 months and three, six and nine years. Patients were divided into two groups: non-obese (body mass index (BMI) < 30 kg/m(2)) and obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)). The obese group was subdivided ...
de Luis D A - - 2012
Background: The aim of our study was to evaluate in patients with obesity and chronic osteoarthritis the impact on quality of life and metabolic control of a dietary intervention with a hypocaloric commercial formula. Methods: A sample of 55 obese patients with chronic osteoarthritis was enrolled. The study consisted of ...
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