Search Results
 Results 551 - 600 of 2856 < 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 > 551 Kaur Amandeep - - 2013 Morbidly obese patients are prone for intraoperative hemodynamic disturbances and postoperative airway complications. Comparison of intraoperative hemodynamics and postoperative recovery characteristics of desflurane versus sevoflurane in morbidly obese patients undergoing laparoscopic bariatric surgery. Randomized controlled trial. After institutional ethics committee approval and written informed consent, 40 morbidly obese patients (BMI ... 552 Wassef Michael M Department of Anesthesiology, St Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY, - - 2013 The transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is a technique increasingly used for analgesia after surgery on the anterior abdominal wall. We undertook this study to determine the feasibility and analgesic efficacy of ultrasound-guided TAP blocks in morbidly obese patients. We describe the dermatomal spread of local anesthetic in TAP blocks ... 553 Lash H H Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Musculoskeletal Medicine, University of Otago, Christchurch, New - - 2013 We reviewed the experience of a dedicated orthopaedic elective service to determine whether we could establish a BMI group where arthroplasty was no longer effective as assessed by the patient's functional outcome. This was a prospective observational study with retrospective analysis of data collected on 1439 total hip arthroplasty, 934 ... 554 Frei Fernando - - 2013 Individuals classified as morbidly obese require effective treatments to promote weight reduction. Due to the inefficacy of conservative treatments and current medications, bariatric surgery (gastric bypass) has been indicated for this group of individuals. To identify subgroups of obese patients in order to find patterns that hinder weight loss and ... 555 Werling Malin - - 2013 Gastric bypass results in greater weight loss than Vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG), but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In addition to effects on energy intake the two bariatric techniques may differentially influence energy expenditure (EE). Gastric bypass in rats increases postprandial EE enough to result in elevated EE over 24 ... 556 Dreyer Nancy - - 2013 To describe the baseline characteristics in patients who chose placement of a LAP-BAND AP® System (LBAP) and participated in the Helping Evaluate Reduction in Obesity (HERO) Study across regions. HERO is a five- year, prospective, multicenter, international study of patients with LBAP placement between July 22, 2009 and January 31, ... 557 Issa Kimona K Seton Hall University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, South Orange Village, - - 2013 The purpose of this study was to assess the outcomes of primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) in super-obese patients compared to a cohort who had a normal body mass index (BMI). Twenty patients (23 hips) who had a minimum BMI of 50 kg/m2 who underwent a primary THA between 2001 ... 558 Johansson Hans-Erik - - 2013 Background. Obesity is characterized by liver steatosis, chronic inflammation, and increased liver enzymes, that is, gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT), markers for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and liver fat content. Increased platelet counts (PCs) are associated with inflammatory conditions and are a valuable biomarker of the degree of ... 559 Sivarajah Vernon - - 2013 A 25-year-old Iranian gentleman was admitted to hospital with severe bloody diarrhoea and abdominal pain. He had similar episodes in the past. On each occasion his symptoms developed following the consumption of the herbal weight loss supplement Hydroxycut Hardcore X. On this admission, a (CT) scan demonstrated bowel wall thickening ... 560 Silasi Dan-Arin - - 2013 We sought to examine the outcomes of patients with myomatous uteri weighing >1000 g who underwent hysterectomy by one of two modalities, either with a robotic system or by laparotomy. All patients who underwent robotic hysterectomy for uteri weighing >1000 g at our institution between May 2007 and January 2011 ... 561 Caglar Erkan - - 2012 BACKGROUND: Our aim was to study the efficacy and safety of different types of intragastric balloon in morbidly obese patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 2005 to 2011, intragastric balloons were inserted endoscopically into 32 patients. Intragastric balloons were used in morbidly obese (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 35 kg/m(2) ) individuals who ... 562 Erdil Mehmet - - 2012 PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of body mass index (BMI) on early functional results of patients who undergo isolated partial meniscectomy. METHODS: The functional results for 1,090 patients who underwent partial meniscectomy, in 2 different orthopaedic clinics, were evaluated retrospectively. The study includes cases ... 563 Wilbring Manuel M Department of Cardiac Surgery, University Heart Center Dresden, Dresden, Germany. - - 2013 Patients with small aortic annulus undergoing isolated aortic valve replacement face an often underestimated surgical risk. We describe initial clinical results and long-term follow-up of this particular high-risk group. Between January 1998 and December 2004, 148 consecutive patients with small aortic annulus underwent isolated aortic valve replacement by implantation of ... 564 Cavarretta Elena - - 2012 BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with high morbidity and represents an increasing health care problem worldwide. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been used effectively for weight loss and co-morbidity remission. In this retrospective study, we evaluated cardiac reverse remodeling at medium-term follow-up by echocardiography, the amount of cardiovascular medications, and the ... 565 Mica Ladislav - - 2012 PURPOSE: Obesity is a growing problem in industrial nations. Our aim was to examine how overweight patients coped with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) after polytrauma. METHODS: A total of 651 patients were included in this retrospective study, with an ISS≥16 and age≥16 years. The sample was subdivided into three ... 566 Galanaud J-P - - 2012 BACKGROUND: Post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) is the most frequent complication of deep-vein thrombosis (DVT). Its diagnosis is based on clinical characteristics. However, symptoms and signs of PTS are non-specific and could be the consequence of concomitant primary venous insufficiency (PVI) rather than DVT. This could bias evaluation of PTS. METHODS: Using ... 567 Belle Steven H SH University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Electronic address: - - 2013 Although it is recognized that a standardized approach to reporting weight change is essential to meaningful comparisons among cohorts and across studies, consensus is lacking. This study aimed to propose a method of reporting weight change that would allow meaningful comparisons among studies of patients who underwent bariatric surgery and ... 568 Manaboriboon B B Department of Pediatrics, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, - - 2013 Physical appearance is very important to adolescents and weight gain secondary to corticosteroid (CS) treatment may have a direct impact on adolescent development. Understanding weight gain in adolescents with SLE who are being treated with CS will help clinicians develop strategies for prevention of nonadherence, obesity and eating disorders in ... 569 Dennis Douglas A - - 2012 From March 2006 to August 2008, 93 subjects (186 knees) underwent simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty performed by eight surgeons at North American centers. This randomized study was conducted to determine whether non-weight-bearing passive flexion was superior for knees receiving a posterior stabilized high flexion device compared to a posterior ... 570 Genco Alfredo - - 2012 BACKGROUND: The request to lose weight is expanding not only in obese and morbidly obese patients but also in overweight patients affected by co-morbidities as diabetes and hypertension and who do not tolerate diet regimen or lifestyle changes. The aim of this study is a multicenter evaluation of outcomes of ... 571 Bin Abd Razak Hamid Rahmatullah HR Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Road, Singapore, 169608, Singapore. - - 2013 In Asia, obesity has reached epidemic proportions and physicians are likely to face a burden of obesity-related disorders, of which osteoarthritis of the knee is one. However, it is unclear whether obesity affects improvement of conventional TKAs in Asian patients. We therefore asked whether obese patients with a BMI of ... 572 Goitein David - - 2012 BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is an accepted bariatric procedure. Swallow studies (SS) after LSG are not uniform and display different patterns with regard to contrast passage through the gastric sleeve. The impact of immediate postoperative contrast transit time on weight loss has not been studied. The influence of immediate ... 573 Liu Tao - - 2012 OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the effect of obesity on injury severity score (ISS), mortality and course of hospital stay among trauma patients. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature was conducted by Internet search. Data were extracted from included studies and analysed using a random-effects model to compare ... 574 Luaces María - - 2012 Background Cardiac adaptation to obesity includes both structural and functional alterations in the heart. The kidneys also suffer the consequence of excessive increase of body weight. This study aims to assess the functional, cardiac and renal changes in a cohort of morbidly obese patients, as well as changes after bariatric ... 575 Lim David - - 2012 Background: Development of modern therapeutic approaches over the last decade has improved short-term well-being in JIA patients. This study examines disease damage and body composition (BC). Aims: Comparison of JIA patients' clinical well-being with matched controls assessing BC, cross-sectional inflammatory markers and the levels of joint and uveitis-associated damage relating ... 576 Rerksuppaphol Lakkana - - 2012 Obesity leads to significant morbidity and mortality. Transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) and auricular acupressure (AA) are alternative treatments for weight reduction, however there is no study of the combined treatments. To determine the efficacy of the combined treatment of TEAS and AA, compared with AA alone. A prospective randomized ... 577 Hopper Richard A RA Division of Plastic Surgery, Craniofacial Center, Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, Wash 98105, USA. - - 2012 In traditional Le Fort III distraction, the transport segment is advanced en bloc without addressing differences in the relative retrusion of the facial structure. The authors describe three methods for correcting these asymmetries with differential facial advancement. Eight patients (age range, 4 to 20 years) with asymmetric facial hypoplasia were ... 578 Patel Vishal C - - 2012 Controversy exists regarding postoperative treatment of Achilles tendon repair. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of immediate weight bearing following modified percutaneous Achilles tendon repair using readily available materials. Fifty-two patients who were treated at a single center from 2000 to 2009 underwent percutaneous Achilles tendon ... 579 Paluszkiewicz Rafał - - 2012 Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is considered the gold standard bariatric procedure with documented safety and effectiveness. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a newer procedure being done with increasing frequency. Randomized comparisons of LSG and other bariatric procedures are limited. We present the results of the first prospective randomized trial comparing ... 580 Sioka Eleni - - 2012 BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the eating profile of patients after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and its impact on weight loss. METHODS: One hundred ten patients who underwent LSG were interviewed using Suter questionnaire and revised Questionnaire on Eating and Weight Patterns in follow-up visits. Eating ... 581 Bennell Kim L - - 2012 OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a modified shoe which incorporates both lateral wedging and a variable-stiffness sole on knee joint loading in three populations: 1) individuals with symptomatic and radiographic knee osteoarthritis (OA), 2) asymptomatic overweight individuals and 3) asymptomatic healthy weight individuals. METHODS: 90 participants (30 per group) ... 582 Culotta Brad A BA University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL - - 2013 In our clinical practice we found that some patients treated with external fixation, especially those with Blount disease, had notable weight gain. We hypothesized that correction of Blount disease using external fixation would be associated with weight gain and that the weight gain would be greater than that seen in ... 583 Hatoum Ida J - - 2012 OBJECTIVE: Although Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is an effective treatment for severe obesity, weight loss (WL) after this operation is highly variable. Accurate predictors of outcome would thus be useful in identifying those patients who would most benefit from this invasive therapy. WL has been characterized using several different metrics, ... 584 Schier Robert - - 2012 Aim: The inflammatory response following tissue injury after major surgery is known to affect endothelial function and vascular reactivity. In this study we evaluated the utility of bedside Digital Thermal Monitoring (DTM) as a surrogate for evaluating vascular function in the postoperative period.Methods: Ischemia-induced reactive hyperemia variables were measured in ... 585 Ledwidge Mark T - - 2012 AIMS: Previous studies have demonstrated poor sensitivity of guideline weight monitoring in predicting clinical deterioration of heart failure (HF). This study aimed to evaluate patterns of remotely transmitted daily weights in a high-risk HF population and also to compare guideline weight monitoring and an individualized weight monitoring algorithm. METHODS AND ... 586 Heo Yoon-Seok - - 2012 In Korea, the results of bariatric surgery have not been compared with those of nonsurgical treatment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of bariatric surgery vs. conventional nonsurgical treatment in severely obese Koreans. In this retrospective cohort study, we reviewed the medical charts of ... 587 Buchs Nicolas C - - 2012 Superobese patients (SO) (body mass index (BMI) ≥ 50 kg/m(2)) represent a real surgical challenge and the best management remains debatable. While the safety of a laparoscopic approach has been questioned for this population, robotics has been introduced in the armamentarium of the bariatric surgeon, yet its role remains poorly assessed, especially for ... 588 Brière Anabèle - - 2012 The asymmetrical weight-bearing distribution of individuals with hemiparesis rising from a chair might be used to produce similar muscular efforts at the lower limbs. The aim of this study was to determine if individuals with hemiparesis have symmetrical levels of effort at the knee during spontaneous sit-to-stand transfers. Nineteen subjects ... 589 Werling M - - 2012 BACKGROUND: The long-term results of Roux-en-$\hbox{Y}$ gastric bypass (gastric bypass) and vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) from randomized studies have not been described in detail. METHODS: Patients were randomized to gastric bypass or VBG. Body mass index (BMI), body composition, eating habits and gastrointestinal hormones were reviewed after 6 years. The ... 590 Tapper R - - 2012 BACKGROUND: The incidence of obesity is increasing in New Zealand. The aim of the study was to determine whether obesity impacts on the cost of treating patients undergoing major colorectal surgery. METHODS: Between 1 February 2008 and 31 July 2009, consecutive patients undergoing major colorectal surgery at Christchurch Hospital, New ... 591 Tur Juan Jesús - - 2012 BACKGROUND: Morbid obesity is a major health problem and bariatric surgery is currently the most effective therapy available to induce weight loss in these patients. This report describes 1-year changes in weight and metabolic parameters, in a trial designed to examine the effects of a non-surgical approach, Intensive Life style ... 592 Mathur Abhishek A Department of Surgery, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33606, - - 2013 Obesity has been associated with poor oncologic outcomes following pancreatoduodenectomy for pancreatic cancer. However, there is a paucity of evidence on the impact of obesity on postoperative complications, oncologic outcome and survival in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). From a database of over 1000 patients ... 593 Emani Sitaramesh - - 2012 BACKGROUND: Patterns of weight change after implantation of a continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) can affect transplant candidacy and may influence outcomes. We evaluated changes in weight over a 24-month period from a national LVAD clinical trial database. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of 896 patients enrolled into ... 594 Uddin Fatema S - - 2012 BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for colorectal cancer, and colonoscopy can be technically challenging in obese patients. It has been proposed (with little supporting data) that prone positioning of obese patients might facilitate a difficult colonoscopy. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine if starting colonoscopy in ... 595 Delko T - - 2012 Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is the gold standard in bariatric surgery. The effect of the procedure is based on restriction, malabsorption and changes in hormonal axis. Ghrelin is an important appetite hormone which is produced mainly in the gastric fundus. By adding a resection of the gastric fundus, we hypothesized ... 596 Hayashi Shinya S Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-1 Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe, 650-0017, Japan. - - 2012 Several studies have reported a risk of dislocation in obese patients after total hip arthroplasty. In this study, we evaluated the interaction between obesity and dislocation by kinematic analysis using a navigation system. The intraoperative range of motion (ROM) and postoperative impingement-free ROM were measured in 38 patients, and we ... 597 Wang John L - - 2012 While obesity is associated with increased need for total hip arthroplasty (THA), the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and operative duration is unknown. We reviewed a series of 425 primary THAs implanted by one surgeon from 2004 to 2010. Patients were grouped by BMI based on the World Health ... 598 Kaplan Leon - - 2012 ABSTRACT: Study Design. Prospective patient series.Objective. To evaluate outcome of children suffering from severe osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) with thoracic insufficiency syndrome (TIS), who were treated with a novel expandable spino-thoracic fixation device.Summary of Background Data. Current treatment options for osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) patients with TIS are limited. As in other ... 599 Wishart Marc M Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Kantonsspital Bruderholz, 4101, Bruderholz, - - 2012 The purpose of this study was to identify predictive factors for the occurrence of complications in a consecutive series of patients who underwent step-cut tibial tubercle osteotomy (TTO) and subsequent screw refixation in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Using standardised conventional radiographs, critical parameters including TTO length and depth, proximal ... 600 Iossi Michael F - - 2012 OBJECTIVE: Bariatric surgery is an effective method for acute weight loss. While the impact of bariatric surgery on general medical conditions (e.g., type 2 diabetes) is well documented, few studies focus on physical functional outcomes following weight-loss induced by bariatric surgery. DESIGN AND METHODS: We report on 50 women aged ... < 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >