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Results 501 - 550 of 2850
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Sinha Aparna - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane (USG-TAP) block as a part of multimodal analgesia was evaluated in morbidly obese patients undergoing laparoscopic bariatric surgery. METHODS: We studied 100 patients with body mass index >35 kg/m(2). They were randomly allocated to study (USG-TAP) and control groups. Pain scores at rest ...
Sinha Aparna - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Morbidly obese patients are at risk of hypoxemia at the time of induction of anesthesia. The aim of this study was to assess the possible increase in the safe apnea time with the use of ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (PLMA) as a conduit prior to laryngoscope-guided intubation in morbidly ...
Kim Whan Sik - - 2013
It is unclear whether metabolic surgery is effective in non obese type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and the result after gastrectomy and conventional reconstruction for gastric cancer with non obese T2DM are not satisfactory for improvement of T2DM. Prospective single-arm pilot study with long limb Roux-en Y reconstruction after gastrectomy ...
Raphael Ibrahim J - - 2013
Obesity has been associated with osteoarthritis and increased morbidity and mortality. Most joint arthroplasty patients have a high body mass index (BMI). Some surgeons are reluctant to operate on obese patients due to technical difficulties and the anticipated higher complication rate. The purpose of this prospective study was to determine ...
Spring Bonnie - - 2013
A challenge in intensive obesity treatment is making care scalable. Little is known about whether the outcome of physician-directed weight loss treatment can be improved by adding mobile technology. We conducted a 2-arm, 12-month study (October 1, 2007, through September 31, 2010). Seventy adults (body mass index >25 and ≤40 ...
Sjöholm Kajsa K University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2013
Patients with a BMI <35 kg/m(2) and patients with a BMI between 35 and 40 kg/m(2) without comorbidities are noneligible by current eligibility criteria for bariatric surgery. We used Swedish obese subjects (SOS) to explore long-term outcomes in noneligible versus eligible patients. The SOS study involved 2,010 obese patients who ...
Jose Biju - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The prevalences of obesity and chronic kidney disease (CKD) have increased simultaneously. Should a pathophysiological relationship exist between the two conditions, bariatric surgery and associated weight loss could be an important intervention in extremely obese individuals to slow the progression of CKD. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of ...
Ochner Christopher N CN Center for Bariatric Surgery and Metabolic Disease, Department of Minimally Invasive Surgery, St. Luke's Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY 10025, USA. - - 2013
Previous studies suggest that individuals with body mass index (BMI) above versus below 60 kg/m(2) attain lower percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL) after bariatric surgery. The objectives of this study were to (1) test whether conclusions drawn about the effect of preoperative BMI on postoperative weight loss depend on ...
Burkhardt T - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA(S)) is a multi-functional steroid implicated in a broad range of biological effects, including obesity, diabetes, bone metabolism, neuroprotection, and anti-tumorigenesis. It has not yet undergone wider research in the context of Cushing's disease. The objective of this study was to determine if perioperative blood levels of ...
Michalsky David - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The surgical technique of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has not been fully standardized yet and there is the unresolved question of what is the optimum size of retained pyloric antrum. The aim of our research was to prove that even after a radical resection of the pyloric antrum the ...
Shie Dung-Yun - - 2013
Abstract Conclusion: Our findings suggest that, in Asian patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), obesity is a better predictor of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) failure than Friedman stage III. Objectives: This study evaluated UPPP success rates in obese and non-obese Asian patients treated for severe OSA. Methods: Records of patients who ...
Wan Teng - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the nutrition status before cleft palate repair in patients with mild form isolated Pierre Robin Sequence (PRS). METHODS: Detailed history and physical examination of 34 patients with mild form isolated PRS were compared with those of the control group with isolated ...
Latner Janet D - - 2013
Weight-loss history was examined as a predictor of outcome in group self-help obesity treatment. Participants (n = 128; 83% women; mean body mass index = 34.2 kg/m(2); mean age = 47.2 years) in self-help, group behavioral weight-loss treatment reported a mean of 5.1 prior weight-loss attempts and lost 13.8 percent ...
Amor Antonio - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Despite obesity being closely associated with two common risk factors for albuminuria, namely type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and hypertension, information on the impact of weight loss on albumin excretion rate in morbidly obese (MO) subjects is scarce. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the independent contribution of weight loss following bariatric ...
Rihn Jeffrey A JA Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Rothman Institute, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA. - - 2013
Questions remain as to the effect that obesity has on patients managed for symptomatic lumbar disc herniation. The purpose of this study was to determine if obesity affects outcomes following the treatment of symptomatic lumbar disc herniation. An as-treated analysis was performed on patients enrolled in the Spine Patient Outcomes ...
Rossi Mark D - - 2013
The aims of this study were to evaluate weight bearing during standing and 30- and 60-degree squats approximately 1 wk and 2 mos after surgery and determine whether weight bearing during squatting could be a better clinical marker than standing for identifying perceived functional limitation approximately 1 wk after surgery. ...
Baker Paul - - 2013
The number of patients presenting for total knee replacement who are classified as obese is increasing. The functional benefits of performing TKR in these patients are unclear. To assess the influence pre-operative body mass index has upon knee specific function, general health status and patient satisfaction at 3 years following ...
Kaur Amandeep - - 2013
Morbidly obese patients are prone for intraoperative hemodynamic disturbances and postoperative airway complications. Comparison of intraoperative hemodynamics and postoperative recovery characteristics of desflurane versus sevoflurane in morbidly obese patients undergoing laparoscopic bariatric surgery. Randomized controlled trial. After institutional ethics committee approval and written informed consent, 40 morbidly obese patients (BMI ...
Fuke Tomoko - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have revealed relative frequency and characteristic phenotype of two major causative factors for Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS), i.e. epimutation of the H19-differentially methylated region (DMR) and uniparental maternal disomy 7 (upd(7)mat), as well as multilocus methylation abnormalities and positive correlation between methylation index and body and placental sizes ...
Kalani Amir - - 2013
Non-classic adrenal hyperplasia (NCAH) has been associated with insulin resistance (IR). Therapies such as metformin, thiazolidinediones and lifestyle alterations improve IR and also ameliorate the biochemical and clinical abnormalities of NCAH, much as they do in polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). More recently, bariatric surgery, such as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP), ...
Durczynski Adam - - 2013
Introduction: The influence of adolescent obesity on weight loss following bariatric surgery in adults has not been evaluated. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of prior adolescent obesity on long-term weight changes following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) in adulthood. Material and methods: This single centre retrospective ...
Johansson Hans-Erik - - 2013
Background. Obesity is characterized by liver steatosis, chronic inflammation, and increased liver enzymes, that is, gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT), markers for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and liver fat content. Increased platelet counts (PCs) are associated with inflammatory conditions and are a valuable biomarker of the degree of ...
Sivarajah Vernon - - 2013
A 25-year-old Iranian gentleman was admitted to hospital with severe bloody diarrhoea and abdominal pain. He had similar episodes in the past. On each occasion his symptoms developed following the consumption of the herbal weight loss supplement Hydroxycut Hardcore X. On this admission, a (CT) scan demonstrated bowel wall thickening ...
Pavlik V - - 2013
Background: The effectiveness of pharmacologic support with sibutramine along with the preservation of dietary and regimen measures is shown in a group of long-term treated patients at the Metabolic Clinic of the University Hospital in Hradec Králové.Methods: In ambulatory patients, basic anthropometric parameters as body weight, BMI, waist circumference and ...
Jay Melanie R - - 2013
It is unclear whether training physicians to counsel obese patients leads to weight loss. This study assessed whether a 5-h multimodal longitudinal obesity curriculum for residents on the basis of the 5As (assess, advise, agree, assist, and arrange) was associated with weight loss in their obese patients. Twenty-three primary care ...
Werling Malin - - 2013
Gastric bypass results in greater weight loss than Vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG), but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In addition to effects on energy intake the two bariatric techniques may differentially influence energy expenditure (EE). Gastric bypass in rats increases postprandial EE enough to result in elevated EE over 24 ...
Cuesta-Vargas Antonio I - - 2013
Several studies have linked obesity to the increased likelihood of lower back pain, but there are no studies focussing on the effectiveness of a multimodal physiotherapy programme (MPP) in obese subjects who suffer from chronic non-specific lower back pain (CNLBP). The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness ...
Martins Catia - - 2013
Objective: To determine if length of first stay impacts on weight loss and cardiovascular fitness, at 1 and 2 years in severely obese patients enrolled in intermittent residential programs. Methods: In a retrospective follow-up study, we assessed weight loss and changes in cardiovascular fitness (VO2 peak) at 1 and 2 ...
Bawa Tarunika - - 2013
To share our clinical experience with exenatide in obese North Indian subjects with type 2 diabetes. We share our experience with use of exenatide in 74 patients treated at Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, a tertiary care centre in New Delhi, India Subjects included obese / overweight subjects (mean weight and BMI; ...
Morrison David - - 2013
Community pharmacies may offer an accessible way of delivering weight-management programmes but there have been few trials that use clinically significant weight loss outcomes, objective measures of weight and follow-up to 12 months. We aimed to evaluate weight change among patients who used the Counterweight weight management programme delivered by ...
Morasiewicz Piotr - - 2013
Distortion of the axis and shortening of the limbs result in multiple musculoskeletal pathologies. Rotation disorders should also be included among the disorders of the axis of the lower limb. In the case of rotational distortion, only derotation osteotomy can effectively correct torsion-associated deformations. Rotational distortion correction is accompanied by ...
Gjessing Hanne Rosendahl - - 2013
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is increasingly popular due to its efficiency in reducing excess weight, however little is known about the nutritional status in patients after surgery. To investigate how LSG affects energy intake, nutritional status and body weight one year after surgery. A total of 150 patients (116 women) ...
Ramos-Gallardo Guillermo - - 2013
Introduction. Dyslipidemia like other chronic degenerative diseases is pandemic in Latin America and around the world. A lot of patients asking for body contouring surgery can be sick without knowing it. Objective. Observe the lipid profile of patients with dyslipidemia, before and three months after an abdominoplasty. Methods. Patients candidate ...
Silasi Dan-Arin - - 2013
We sought to examine the outcomes of patients with myomatous uteri weighing >1000 g who underwent hysterectomy by one of two modalities, either with a robotic system or by laparotomy. All patients who underwent robotic hysterectomy for uteri weighing >1000 g at our institution between May 2007 and January 2011 ...
Kenangalem Enny - - 2013
Weight gain achieved during pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) treatment is associated with the likelihood of bacteriological treatment success. It is recognised that weight and body mass index (BMI) characteristics differ between ethnic groups in health and illness states. However there has been no prior investigation of how ethnic differences in BMI ...
Chao Tze-Fan - - 2013
Epicardial fat was closely related to atrial fibrillation (AF). Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) has been proposed to be a convenient imaging tool in assessing epicardial adipose tissue (EAT). The goal of the present study was to investigate whether the EAT thickness measured on TTE was a useful parameter in predicting procedural ...
Kim Mee Kyoung - - 2013
Serum bone morphogenic protein- (BMP-) 4 levels are associated with human adiposity. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in serum levels of BMP-4 and inflammatory cytokines after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Fifty-seven patients with type 2 diabetes underwent RYGB. Serum levels of BMP-4 and various inflammatory markers, ...
Dreyer Nancy - - 2013
To describe the baseline characteristics in patients who chose placement of a LAP-BAND AP® System (LBAP) and participated in the Helping Evaluate Reduction in Obesity (HERO) Study across regions. HERO is a five- year, prospective, multicenter, international study of patients with LBAP placement between July 22, 2009 and January 31, ...
Al Khalifa Khalid - - 2013
Background. Weight loss and reduction in comorbidities can be achieved by longitudinal sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Existing evidence suggests that LSG resolves or improves hyperlipidemia in morbidly obese patients. The aim of this study was to systematically review the effect of LSG on hyperlipidemia. Methods. A systematic literature search was conducted ...
Lam Annika H L - - 2013
Dramatic early postoperative improvement or resolution of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been widely reported after bariatric surgery but there is limited long-term data on T2DM outcome. Moreover, data on long-term weight outcomes of government funded bariatric surgery in New Zealand is lacking. We report weight and glycaemic outcomes ...
Wang Tom Kai Ming - - 2013
Obesity has significant adverse effects on cardiovascular health. Conflicting results have been reported regarding relationships between body mass index (BMI) and outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We compared outcomes of CABG patients by BMI categories. Isolated CABG performed between July 2010-June 2012 at Auckland City Hospital were categorised ...
Alwakeel Hany R - - 2013
Objective : We examined weight changes during chronic hepatitis C (CHC) therapy and association with virologic response. Methods : Weight changes were compared between subjects achieving rapid, early, and sustained virologic response rates (RVR, EVR, and SVR). RVR, EVR and SVR were compared among patients with or without weight loss ...
Haque Syed S Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Luton and Dunstable University Hospital NHS Trust, Luton, United - - 2013
Background Medical literature suggest that Hip and Knee replacement surgery takes far more time to conduct in overweight and obese patients than in general population. Reasons for increase in operating time in obese patient are difficult positioning, more bleeding from fatty tissue and difficult retraction. One very interesting and to ...
Waters D L DL Section of Geriatrics, New Mexico VA Health Care System, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87108, - - 2013
To determine if long-term weight loss with associated improvement in physical and metabolic health can be maintained after lifestyle intervention in frail, obese older adults. Thirty-month follow-up pilot study of a 1-year lifestyle intervention trial. Community. Sixteen frail, obese (body mass index=36±2 kg/m2) older (71±1 yr.) adults. Body weight and ...
Wassef Michael M Department of Anesthesiology, St Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY, - - 2013
The transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is a technique increasingly used for analgesia after surgery on the anterior abdominal wall. We undertook this study to determine the feasibility and analgesic efficacy of ultrasound-guided TAP blocks in morbidly obese patients. We describe the dermatomal spread of local anesthetic in TAP blocks ...
Bu Zhiqin Z Reproductive Medical Center, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University People's Republic of - - 2013
Overweight and obesity may have negative impact on IVF/ICSI treatment outcomes. However, it is not clear whether overweight and obesity have impact on IVF/ICSI outcomes in PCOS patients. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of overweight and obesity on IVF/ICSI treatment outcomes in PCOS patients treated ...
Lash H H Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Musculoskeletal Medicine, University of Otago, Christchurch, New - - 2013
We reviewed the experience of a dedicated orthopaedic elective service to determine whether we could establish a BMI group where arthroplasty was no longer effective as assessed by the patient's functional outcome. This was a prospective observational study with retrospective analysis of data collected on 1439 total hip arthroplasty, 934 ...
Bastos Emanuelle Cristina Lins - - 2013
Bariatric surgery leads to an average loss of 60-75% of excess body weight with maximum weight loss in the period between 18 and 24 months postoperatively. However, several studies show that weight is regained from two years of operation. To identify the determinants of weight regain in post-bariatric surgery users. ...
Frei Fernando - - 2013
Individuals classified as morbidly obese require effective treatments to promote weight reduction. Due to the inefficacy of conservative treatments and current medications, bariatric surgery (gastric bypass) has been indicated for this group of individuals. To identify subgroups of obese patients in order to find patterns that hinder weight loss and ...
Colombier Sebastian S Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Lausanne, - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate the influence of deep sternal wound infection on long-term survival following cardiac surgery. In our institutional database we retrospectively evaluated medical records of 4732 adult patients who received open-heart surgery from January 1995 through December 2005. The predictive factors for DSWI were determined using logistic ...
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