Search Results
 Results 501 - 550 of 2816 < 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 > 501 Kenangalem Enny - - 2013 Weight gain achieved during pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) treatment is associated with the likelihood of bacteriological treatment success. It is recognised that weight and body mass index (BMI) characteristics differ between ethnic groups in health and illness states. However there has been no prior investigation of how ethnic differences in BMI ... 502 Chao Tze-Fan - - 2013 Epicardial fat was closely related to atrial fibrillation (AF). Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) has been proposed to be a convenient imaging tool in assessing epicardial adipose tissue (EAT). The goal of the present study was to investigate whether the EAT thickness measured on TTE was a useful parameter in predicting procedural ... 503 Kim Mee Kyoung - - 2013 Serum bone morphogenic protein- (BMP-) 4 levels are associated with human adiposity. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in serum levels of BMP-4 and inflammatory cytokines after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Fifty-seven patients with type 2 diabetes underwent RYGB. Serum levels of BMP-4 and various inflammatory markers, ... 504 Dreyer Nancy - - 2013 To describe the baseline characteristics in patients who chose placement of a LAP-BAND AP® System (LBAP) and participated in the Helping Evaluate Reduction in Obesity (HERO) Study across regions. HERO is a five- year, prospective, multicenter, international study of patients with LBAP placement between July 22, 2009 and January 31, ... 505 Al Khalifa Khalid - - 2013 Background. Weight loss and reduction in comorbidities can be achieved by longitudinal sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Existing evidence suggests that LSG resolves or improves hyperlipidemia in morbidly obese patients. The aim of this study was to systematically review the effect of LSG on hyperlipidemia. Methods. A systematic literature search was conducted ... 506 Lam Annika H L - - 2013 Dramatic early postoperative improvement or resolution of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been widely reported after bariatric surgery but there is limited long-term data on T2DM outcome. Moreover, data on long-term weight outcomes of government funded bariatric surgery in New Zealand is lacking. We report weight and glycaemic outcomes ... 507 Wang Tom Kai Ming - - 2013 Obesity has significant adverse effects on cardiovascular health. Conflicting results have been reported regarding relationships between body mass index (BMI) and outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We compared outcomes of CABG patients by BMI categories. Isolated CABG performed between July 2010-June 2012 at Auckland City Hospital were categorised ... 508 Alwakeel Hany R - - 2013 Objective : We examined weight changes during chronic hepatitis C (CHC) therapy and association with virologic response. Methods : Weight changes were compared between subjects achieving rapid, early, and sustained virologic response rates (RVR, EVR, and SVR). RVR, EVR and SVR were compared among patients with or without weight loss ... 509 Haque Syed S Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Luton and Dunstable University Hospital NHS Trust, Luton, United - - 2013 Background Medical literature suggest that Hip and Knee replacement surgery takes far more time to conduct in overweight and obese patients than in general population. Reasons for increase in operating time in obese patient are difficult positioning, more bleeding from fatty tissue and difficult retraction. One very interesting and to ... 510 Waters D L DL Section of Geriatrics, New Mexico VA Health Care System, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87108, - - 2013 To determine if long-term weight loss with associated improvement in physical and metabolic health can be maintained after lifestyle intervention in frail, obese older adults. Thirty-month follow-up pilot study of a 1-year lifestyle intervention trial. Community. Sixteen frail, obese (body mass index=36±2 kg/m2) older (71±1 yr.) adults. Body weight and ... 511 Wassef Michael M Department of Anesthesiology, St Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY, - - 2013 The transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is a technique increasingly used for analgesia after surgery on the anterior abdominal wall. We undertook this study to determine the feasibility and analgesic efficacy of ultrasound-guided TAP blocks in morbidly obese patients. We describe the dermatomal spread of local anesthetic in TAP blocks ... 512 Bu Zhiqin Z Reproductive Medical Center, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University People's Republic of - - 2013 Overweight and obesity may have negative impact on IVF/ICSI treatment outcomes. However, it is not clear whether overweight and obesity have impact on IVF/ICSI outcomes in PCOS patients. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of overweight and obesity on IVF/ICSI treatment outcomes in PCOS patients treated ... 513 Lash H H Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Musculoskeletal Medicine, University of Otago, Christchurch, New - - 2013 We reviewed the experience of a dedicated orthopaedic elective service to determine whether we could establish a BMI group where arthroplasty was no longer effective as assessed by the patient's functional outcome. This was a prospective observational study with retrospective analysis of data collected on 1439 total hip arthroplasty, 934 ... 514 Bastos Emanuelle Cristina Lins - - 2013 Bariatric surgery leads to an average loss of 60-75% of excess body weight with maximum weight loss in the period between 18 and 24 months postoperatively. However, several studies show that weight is regained from two years of operation. To identify the determinants of weight regain in post-bariatric surgery users. ... 515 Frei Fernando - - 2013 Individuals classified as morbidly obese require effective treatments to promote weight reduction. Due to the inefficacy of conservative treatments and current medications, bariatric surgery (gastric bypass) has been indicated for this group of individuals. To identify subgroups of obese patients in order to find patterns that hinder weight loss and ... 516 Colombier Sebastian S Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Lausanne, - - 2013 This study aimed to investigate the influence of deep sternal wound infection on long-term survival following cardiac surgery. In our institutional database we retrospectively evaluated medical records of 4732 adult patients who received open-heart surgery from January 1995 through December 2005. The predictive factors for DSWI were determined using logistic ... 517 Hörchner Rogier R Ra-Medical Obesity Centre Beverwijk, Parallelweg 124-04, 1948 NN Beverwijk, The - - 2013 Background. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is considered an effective and well-tolerated surgical procedure. In this retrospective study, we critically assessed efficacy and negative personal experiences (NPEs) after RYGB with a self-administered questionnaire (SAQ). Methods. This questionnaire study included 404 patients who had undergone RYGB. Analysis was performed using data from ... 518 Issa Kimona K Seton Hall University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, South Orange Village, - - 2013 The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical and radiographic outcomes of primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in morbidly obese patients compared to a cohort who had a normal body mass index (BMI). We reviewed 105 knees in 84 patients who had a minimum BMI of 40 kg/m2 ... 519 Issa Kimona K Seton Hall University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, South Orange Village, - - 2013 The purpose of this study was to assess the outcomes of primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) in super-obese patients compared to a cohort who had a normal body mass index (BMI). Twenty patients (23 hips) who had a minimum BMI of 50 kg/m2 who underwent a primary THA between 2001 ... 520 Ferrario Chiara C Department of Endocrinology, University Hospital of Lausanne (CHUV), Rue du Bugnon 44, Lausanne, 1011, Switzerland. - - 2013 We report for the first time the case of a patient with Albright hereditary osteodystrophy and pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism who underwent a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. A 26-year-old obese Caucasian woman with Albright hereditary osteodystrophy with pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism (heterozygous mutation (L272F) in GNAS1 exon 10 on molecular analysis) was treated with gastric bypass. She ... 521 Caglar Erkan - - 2012 BACKGROUND: Our aim was to study the efficacy and safety of different types of intragastric balloon in morbidly obese patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 2005 to 2011, intragastric balloons were inserted endoscopically into 32 patients. Intragastric balloons were used in morbidly obese (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 35 kg/m(2) ) individuals who ... 522 Erdil Mehmet - - 2012 PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of body mass index (BMI) on early functional results of patients who undergo isolated partial meniscectomy. METHODS: The functional results for 1,090 patients who underwent partial meniscectomy, in 2 different orthopaedic clinics, were evaluated retrospectively. The study includes cases ... 523 Cavarretta Elena - - 2012 BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with high morbidity and represents an increasing health care problem worldwide. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been used effectively for weight loss and co-morbidity remission. In this retrospective study, we evaluated cardiac reverse remodeling at medium-term follow-up by echocardiography, the amount of cardiovascular medications, and the ... 524 Wilbring Manuel - - 2012 Background Patients with small aortic annulus undergoing isolated aortic valve replacement face an often underestimated surgical risk. We describe initial clinical results and long-term follow-up of this particular high-risk group.Methods Between January 1998 and December 2004, 148 consecutive patients with small aortic annulus underwent isolated aortic valve replacement by implantation of a ... 525 Galanaud J-P - - 2012 BACKGROUND: Post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) is the most frequent complication of deep-vein thrombosis (DVT). Its diagnosis is based on clinical characteristics. However, symptoms and signs of PTS are non-specific and could be the consequence of concomitant primary venous insufficiency (PVI) rather than DVT. This could bias evaluation of PTS. METHODS: Using ... 526 Mica Ladislav - - 2012 PURPOSE: Obesity is a growing problem in industrial nations. Our aim was to examine how overweight patients coped with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) after polytrauma. METHODS: A total of 651 patients were included in this retrospective study, with an ISS≥16 and age≥16 years. The sample was subdivided into three ... 527 Belle Steven H - - 2012 BACKGROUND: Although it is recognized that a standardized approach to reporting weight change is essential to meaningful comparisons among cohorts and across studies, consensus is lacking. This study aimed to propose a method of reporting weight change that would allow meaningful comparisons among studies of patients who underwent bariatric surgery ... 528 Manaboriboon B - - 2013 Physical appearance is very important to adolescents and weight gain secondary to corticosteroid (CS) treatment may have a direct impact on adolescent development. Understanding weight gain in adolescents with SLE who are being treated with CS will help clinicians develop strategies for prevention of nonadherence, obesity and eating disorders in ... 529 Dennis Douglas A - - 2012 From March 2006 to August 2008, 93 subjects (186 knees) underwent simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty performed by eight surgeons at North American centers. This randomized study was conducted to determine whether non-weight-bearing passive flexion was superior for knees receiving a posterior stabilized high flexion device compared to a posterior ... 530 Genco Alfredo - - 2012 BACKGROUND: The request to lose weight is expanding not only in obese and morbidly obese patients but also in overweight patients affected by co-morbidities as diabetes and hypertension and who do not tolerate diet regimen or lifestyle changes. The aim of this study is a multicenter evaluation of outcomes of ... 531 Bin Abd Razak Hamid Rahmatullah HR Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Road, Singapore, 169608, Singapore. - - 2013 In Asia, obesity has reached epidemic proportions and physicians are likely to face a burden of obesity-related disorders, of which osteoarthritis of the knee is one. However, it is unclear whether obesity affects improvement of conventional TKAs in Asian patients. We therefore asked whether obese patients with a BMI of ... 532 Goitein David - - 2012 BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is an accepted bariatric procedure. Swallow studies (SS) after LSG are not uniform and display different patterns with regard to contrast passage through the gastric sleeve. The impact of immediate postoperative contrast transit time on weight loss has not been studied. The influence of immediate ... 533 Liu Tao - - 2012 OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the effect of obesity on injury severity score (ISS), mortality and course of hospital stay among trauma patients. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature was conducted by Internet search. Data were extracted from included studies and analysed using a random-effects model to compare ... 534 Luaces María - - 2012 Background Cardiac adaptation to obesity includes both structural and functional alterations in the heart. The kidneys also suffer the consequence of excessive increase of body weight. This study aims to assess the functional, cardiac and renal changes in a cohort of morbidly obese patients, as well as changes after bariatric ... 535 Patel Vishal C - - 2012 Controversy exists regarding postoperative treatment of Achilles tendon repair. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of immediate weight bearing following modified percutaneous Achilles tendon repair using readily available materials. Fifty-two patients who were treated at a single center from 2000 to 2009 underwent percutaneous Achilles tendon ... 536 Rerksuppaphol Lakkana - - 2012 Obesity leads to significant morbidity and mortality. Transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) and auricular acupressure (AA) are alternative treatments for weight reduction, however there is no study of the combined treatments. To determine the efficacy of the combined treatment of TEAS and AA, compared with AA alone. A prospective randomized ... 537 Lim David - - 2012 Background: Development of modern therapeutic approaches over the last decade has improved short-term well-being in JIA patients. This study examines disease damage and body composition (BC). Aims: Comparison of JIA patients' clinical well-being with matched controls assessing BC, cross-sectional inflammatory markers and the levels of joint and uveitis-associated damage relating ... 538 Paluszkiewicz Rafał - - 2012 Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is considered the gold standard bariatric procedure with documented safety and effectiveness. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a newer procedure being done with increasing frequency. Randomized comparisons of LSG and other bariatric procedures are limited. We present the results of the first prospective randomized trial comparing ... 539 Bennell Kim L - - 2012 OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a modified shoe which incorporates both lateral wedging and a variable-stiffness sole on knee joint loading in three populations: 1) individuals with symptomatic and radiographic knee osteoarthritis (OA), 2) asymptomatic overweight individuals and 3) asymptomatic healthy weight individuals. METHODS: 90 participants (30 per group) ... 540 Sioka Eleni - - 2012 BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the eating profile of patients after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and its impact on weight loss. METHODS: One hundred ten patients who underwent LSG were interviewed using Suter questionnaire and revised Questionnaire on Eating and Weight Patterns in follow-up visits. Eating ... 541 Riddle Daniel L - - 2012 OBJECTIVE: The impact of knee arthroplasty on bodyweight has not been fully explored. Clinically important weight gain following knee arthroplasty would pose potentially important health risks. METHODS: We used one of the largest US-based knee arthroplasty registries and a population- based control sample from the same geographic region to determine ... 542 Culotta Brad A BA University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL - - 2013 In our clinical practice we found that some patients treated with external fixation, especially those with Blount disease, had notable weight gain. We hypothesized that correction of Blount disease using external fixation would be associated with weight gain and that the weight gain would be greater than that seen in ... 543 Schier Robert - - 2012 Aim: The inflammatory response following tissue injury after major surgery is known to affect endothelial function and vascular reactivity. In this study we evaluated the utility of bedside Digital Thermal Monitoring (DTM) as a surrogate for evaluating vascular function in the postoperative period.Methods: Ischemia-induced reactive hyperemia variables were measured in ... 544 Ledwidge Mark T - - 2012 AIMS: Previous studies have demonstrated poor sensitivity of guideline weight monitoring in predicting clinical deterioration of heart failure (HF). This study aimed to evaluate patterns of remotely transmitted daily weights in a high-risk HF population and also to compare guideline weight monitoring and an individualized weight monitoring algorithm. METHODS AND ... 545 Hatoum Ida J - - 2012 OBJECTIVE: Although Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is an effective treatment for severe obesity, weight loss (WL) after this operation is highly variable. Accurate predictors of outcome would thus be useful in identifying those patients who would most benefit from this invasive therapy. WL has been characterized using several different metrics, ... 546 Buchs Nicolas C - - 2012 Superobese patients (SO) (body mass index (BMI) ≥ 50 kg/m(2)) represent a real surgical challenge and the best management remains debatable. While the safety of a laparoscopic approach has been questioned for this population, robotics has been introduced in the armamentarium of the bariatric surgeon, yet its role remains poorly assessed, especially for ... 547 Heo Yoon-Seok - - 2012 In Korea, the results of bariatric surgery have not been compared with those of nonsurgical treatment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of bariatric surgery vs. conventional nonsurgical treatment in severely obese Koreans. In this retrospective cohort study, we reviewed the medical charts of ... 548 Brière Anabèle - - 2012 The asymmetrical weight-bearing distribution of individuals with hemiparesis rising from a chair might be used to produce similar muscular efforts at the lower limbs. The aim of this study was to determine if individuals with hemiparesis have symmetrical levels of effort at the knee during spontaneous sit-to-stand transfers. Nineteen subjects ... 549 Werling M - - 2012 BACKGROUND: The long-term results of Roux-en-$\hbox{Y}$ gastric bypass (gastric bypass) and vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) from randomized studies have not been described in detail. METHODS: Patients were randomized to gastric bypass or VBG. Body mass index (BMI), body composition, eating habits and gastrointestinal hormones were reviewed after 6 years. The ... 550 Tapper R - - 2012 BACKGROUND: The incidence of obesity is increasing in New Zealand. The aim of the study was to determine whether obesity impacts on the cost of treating patients undergoing major colorectal surgery. METHODS: Between 1 February 2008 and 31 July 2009, consecutive patients undergoing major colorectal surgery at Christchurch Hospital, New ... < 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >