Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1109
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Warf Benjamin C - - 2005
OBJECT: The author investigated the 1-year outcomes for shunt treatment of hydrocephalic children in Uganda, comparing the results using the inexpensive Chhabra shunt ($35 US dollars), widely used in East Africa, with those using the Codman-Hakim Micro Precision Valve shunt ($650). METHODS: The results in 195 consecutive children (mostly infants) ...
Takabayashi Shin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Despite that surgical outcomes of patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome have improved, one of the problems remaining is the high interstage mortality after a stage I Norwood procedure. The purpose of this study was to determine the hemodynamic characteristics of hypoplastic left heart syndrome after a Norwood procedure. ...
Menon P - - 2005
AIM: This study was carried out in order to determine whether children with extrahepatic portal hypertension show any improvement in growth parameters and quality of life after elective surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients with extrahepatic portal hypertension who underwent surgery between April 1999 and March 2002 were studied prospectively. ...
Sooriakumaran P - - 2005
AIM AND METHODS: A retrospective review was carried out of children undergoing peritoneovenous shunting for intractable ascites. RESULTS: 11 children, aged 3 months to 12 years (median 31 months) underwent peritoneovenous shunting over the past 17 years. The duration of ascites ranged from one month to 2.5 years (median two ...
Tisell M - - 2005
In 10% of adult patients with hydrocephalus, the cause is because of aqueductal stenosis (AS), causing enlargement of the lateral and third ventricles. There are currently two alternate forms of surgical treatment for AS; shunt surgery and ventriculostomy. Shunt surgery is associated with high complication rates and many patients need ...
Bañares Rafael - - 2005
A trend toward a higher incidence of hepatocelullar carcinoma (HCC) in patients with cirrhosis treated with bare-stent transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) has been observed in previous studies. To assess the influence of TIPS as a risk factor for developing HCC, we have compared the incidence of HCC in two ...
Kestle John R W - - 2005
OBJECT: Previous reports suggest that adjustable valves may improve the survival of cerebrospinal fluid shunts or relieve shunt-related symptoms. To evaluate these claims, the authors conducted a prospective multicenter cohort study of children who underwent placement of Strata valves. METHODS: Patients undergoing initial shunt placement (Group 1) or shunt revision ...
Wahl Andreas - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the safety and efficacy of transcatheter treatment of atrial septal aneurysm (ASA) associated with patent foramen ovale (PFO). BACKGROUND: Patients with both ASA and PFO are at high risk for recurrent paradoxical embolism. METHODS: The procedural, echocardiographic, and clinical outcomes of 141 patients with ...
Dang Xiao-Wei - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Budd-Chiari syndrome (B-CS) is a disease with a poor prognosis, and the results of medication are not satisfactory. Surgical treatments are widely used to depress portal hypertension and hypertension of the inferior vena cava. Splenocaval shunt is usually applied to treat intrahepatic portal hypertension, but we used this method ...
Singh D - - 2005
Hydrocephalus is a common sequel of tubercular meningitis. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) was performed in thirty-five patients. According to the duration of illness, six patients were in the early (less than 6 weeks), nineteen were in the intermediate (6 weeks to 6 months) and ten patients were in the late ...
Jaksche H - - 2005
Post-traumatic syringomyelia (PTS) is relatively rare, but its complications can be serious. In the beginning of the operative treatment (1900-1930), scarring could be reduced to a certain degree. In modern treatment (1980 1990) a shunt implantation showed also little effect in long-term follow-up studies. Influenced by the work of B. ...
Ochs Andreas - - 2005
The transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is an interventional treatment resulting in decompression of the portal system by creation of a side-to-side portosystemic anastomosis. Since its introduction 16 years ago, more than 1,000 publications have appeared demonstrating broad acceptance and increasing clinical use. This review summarizes our present knowledge about ...
Joho-Arreola Ana L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Diaphragmatic paralysis (DP) caused by phrenic nerve injury is potentially life-threatening in infants. Phrenic nerve injury due to thoracic surgery is the most common cause of DP in children. We retrospectively analyzed incidence, surgical details, management and follow-up of our patients with DP after cardiac surgery to develop an ...
Aygok G - - 2005
The incidence of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) has increased as a result of improved longevity. This report describes the 3-year outcome of shunted iNPH patients compared to three-month outcome after shunting. Patients (n = 50) (Age 70.4 +/- 8.9) admitted to our service were diagnosed and treated according to ...
Våge Villy - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Jejunoileal (JI) bypass was a widely performed surgical procedure for morbid obesity in the 1970s. The purpose of this study was to assess cardiovascular risk factors and mortality in patients 25 years or more after this operation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All (n = 36) patients operated on for obesity ...
Crandon I W - - 2005
This retrospective, descriptive study reviewed the patient profile, disease spectrum, indications for and results of treatment and complications of all 27 patients who had neuroendoscopy at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI) over the three-year period between November 2000, when the service was first introduced, and November 2003. ...
Meier U - - 2005
The aim of this study was to determine whether ventricular size correlates with a positive clinical outcome following shunt placement. Hydrostatic valves (Dual-Switch-Valves) were implanted in 80 patients with NPH at Unfallkrankenhaus Berlin between September 1997 and January 2002. One year postoperatively, these patients underwent computerized tomography scanning, and their ...
Shah Omar Javed - - 2005
The splenorenal shunt procedure introduced by Robert Linton in 1947 is still used today in those regions of the world where portal hypertension is a common problem. However, because most surgeons find Linton's shunt procedure technically difficult, we felt that a simpler technique was needed. We present the surgical details ...
Arora Pankaj - - 2004
BACKGROUND: To study the clinico-radiological determinants of outcome in patients with Chiari I malformation (CIM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The disability assessment of 48 patients with C I M who underwent posterior decompression was done by modified Klekamp and Samii scoring system. The outcome was regarded as good when the patient ...
Schwerzmann Markus - - 2004
Percutaneous closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) in patients with presumed paradoxical embolism yields complete occlusion in > 90% of patients using contemporary closure devices. Patients with a residual shunt after percutaneous PFO closure have been found at increased risk for recurrent paradoxical events. Treatment options for such patients include ...
Limonadi Farhad M - - 2004
OBJECT: The choice of surgical technique for decompressive surgery in patients with Chiari I malformation is controversial. Good preliminary postoperative outcomes have been achieved in patients with Chiari I malformation (without syringomyelia) after using a dura-splitting technique. The authors evaluated safety, resource use, and early outcome after this surgery in ...
Mamiya Yasutaka - - 2004
The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the incidence, clinical features and the short- and long-term clinical course of hepatic encephalopathy (HE) after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) in Japanese patients. Eighty-seven consecutive patients with liver cirrhosis presenting with complications of portal hypertension underwent TIPS. The mean follow-up ...
Bynke Gunnel - - 2004
Seventeen patients treated with ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) for idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) were followed up for 1.8 to 12.8 years (mean 6.5 years). The ventricular catheter was inserted without any guidance device. VPS was effective on all clinical manifestations of IIH. Seven patients required one or two (a total of ...
Ockenga J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the patency, functional and haemodynamic results of expanded-polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE)-covered transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts in patients with liver cirrhosis. METHODS: Thirteen patients with an ePTFE-covered transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt stent (TIPSS) were prospectively evaluated at 6 and 12 months and compared with ...
McGirt Matthew J - - 2004
OBJECT: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunts effectively reverse symptoms of pseudotumor cerebri postoperatively, but long-term outcome has not been investigated. Lumboperitoneal (LP) shunts are the mainstay of CSF shunts for pseudotumor cerebri; however, image-guided stereotaxy and neuroendoscopy now allow effective placement of a ventricular catheter without causing ventriculomegaly in these cases. ...
Angermayr Bernhard - - 2004
Implantation of a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) for therapy of portal hypertension has been available in Vienna, Austria, since 1991. Ten years of experience with this technique led the Vienna TIPS Study Group to retrospectively analyse characteristics and outcome of all patients undergoing TIPS in Vienna between 1991 and ...
Karabatsou K - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Lumboperitoneal shunts have long been used in the treatment of benign intracranial hypertension, postoperative pseudomeningocele, CSF leak and communicating hydrocephalus. Although they can provide a rapid and effective resolution of the symptoms there are major disadvantages associated with their use. METHOD: We retrospectively analyzed the records of 21 patients ...
Tewari Manoj K - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The subject of subdural empyema (SDE) is reviewed on the basis of experience with 45 cases. METHODS: Records of 45 patients with SDE were analyzed. There were 35 males and 10 females in the series. The majority of the patients were either infants (22.2%) or in their second and ...
Petersen Bryan - - 2004
PURPOSE: To describe the midterm patency and clinical results of the intravascular ultrasound (US)-guided direct intrahepatic portacaval shunt (DIPS) procedure for the treatment of intractable ascites and variceal bleeding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From February 23, 1999, to December 18, 2002, inferior vena cava (IVC)-to-portal vein (PV) shunts were created in ...
Melo Valdinaldo A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: A prospective study was carried out to evaluate the results of distal splenorenal shunt (DSRS) with or without splenic artery ligation (SAL) in patients with schistosomal portal hypertension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients were divided into two groups: 15 were submitted to DSRS (Group I) and the other 15 ...
Korbmacher B - - 2004
The hemodynamically relevant persistent ductus arteriosus (PDA) impairs pulmonary and cardiac function. Frequently, PDA can be closed only via surgery. In this retrospective study, early and long-term results in very low birth weight newborns are evaluated. Eighty-seven of 634 very low weight newborns presented with PDA All patients (pts; age: ...
Botha Jean F - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The role of portosystemic shunt (PSS) in children with portal hypertension has changed because of acceptance of liver transplantation and endoscopic hemostasis. We report our experience with PSS, mainly the distal splenorenal shunt, to define its role in the management of variceal bleeding. STUDY DESIGN: From 1987 to 2002, ...
Alameddine Fadi - - 2004
Patients with patent foramen ovale (PFO) and paradoxical embolism are at increased risk for recurrent events. Percutaneous PFO closure is a new treatment modality aimed at secondary prevention. We report the multicenter experience of interventional closure of PFO using two different devices in 272 patients. The mean age was 51 ...
Shiino A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is considered to be a treatable form of dementia, because cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunting can lessen symptoms. However, neuroimaging has failed to predict when shunting will be effective. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether 1H (proton) magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy could predict functional outcome in patients after ...
Anzola G P - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Transcatheter closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) is increasingly being performed and monitored with transthoracic or transesophageal echocardiography, whereas contrast-enhanced transcranial Doppler (ce-TCD), which probably represents the most suitable tool to quantify right-to-left shunt (RLS) in the brain vessels, has been systematically overlooked. Our goal is to ...
Hossny Ahmed - - 2004
Complete lower limb ischemia as a result of blunt popliteal artery injury is associated with the highest morbidity and amputation rates among all of the peripheral vascular injuries. The purpose of this study was to determine the possible benefits of routine use of a temporary intraluminal arterial shunt in patients ...
St George Edward - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate the changes in ventricular volume in hydrocephalic children following successful endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using segmentation techniques, serial measurements of ventricular volume were performed using the MRI scans of 13 hydrocephalic children who had successful ETV between 1999 and 2002 to ...
Adegboye, VO; Cardiothoracic Unit, ...
Background: At the University College Hospital Ibadan we have no facility for total surgical correction of transportation of the great arteries (TGA). This prospective study reviews the palliative procedures we have used in the management of TGA. Method: Patients with the diagnosis of TGA were evaluated for morphological type. The ...
Neudorfer Meira - - 2004
PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of ultrasonography (US) and color Doppler imaging (CDI) in the diagnosis of orbital tumors in children. DESIGN: Retrospective nonrandomized interventional case series. METHODS: This study included 42 children with intraorbital and periorbital tumors who were evaluated in our clinic. All children underwent a complete clinical ...
Rosemurgy Alexander S - - 2004
We undertook a prospective randomized clinical trial comparing TIPS to peritoneovenous (PV) shunts in the treatment of medically intractable ascites to establish relative efficacy and morbidity, and thereby superiority, between these shunts. Thirty-two patients were prospectively randomized to undergo TIPS or peritoneovenous (Denver) shunts. All patients had failed medical therapy. ...
Gorayeb Rodrigo Panico - - 2004
OBJECT: The authors analyzed data obtained in 36 patients younger than 1 year of age who were treated with endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) for obstructive hydrocephalus at their institution. METHODS: There were 17 boys and 19 girls who ranged in age from 3 days to 11 months (mean 4.7 months). ...
Azakie Anthony - - 2004
BACKGROUND: To determine and compare outcome of the modified Norwood procedure using either a systemic to pulmonary artery (SPA) shunt or right ventricle to pulmonary artery (RV-PA) conduit in a consecutive series of neonates at a single institution. METHODS: The medical records were retrospectively examined for preoperative demographic and echocardiographic ...
Bruner Joseph P - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine which factors that are present at the time of intrauterine repair of spina bifida could predict the need for ventriculoperitoneal shunt for hydrocephalus during the first year of life. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred seventy-eight fetuses have undergone intrauterine repair of spina ...
Rossi Plinio - - 2004
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate the use of a recently developed expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)-covered nitinol stent-graft in preventing the need for repeated intervention after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-three consecutive patients underwent TIPS procedures between January 2000 and February 2002. Minimum patient follow-up was 9 months ...
Koch Dorothee - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is a successful method of treatment for obstructive hydrocephalus. In infants, however, it is reported to have a higher failure rate. On the basis of our own data and a meta-analysis of the literature, we try to define factors prognosticating potential failure in infants aged ...
Ohwaki K - - 2004
Subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) patients in Fisher group 3 have a high risk of vasospasm and chronic hydrocephalus. We have provided cisternal irrigation combined with a head-shaking method for preventing vasospasm in SAH patients. We investigated 76 SAH patients in Fisher group 3 who received cisternal irrigation with head-shaking to evaluate ...
Liu Jinfen - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Whether the bidirectional Glenn procedure is better performed without the support of cardiopulmonary bypass is still a matter for debate. In this paper we discuss the indications and methods for bidirectional Glenn shunt without cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: Twenty patients with complex cyanotic congenital heart defects underwent a bidirectional Glenn ...
Baird Robert - - 2004
BACKGROUND: There are few data on the safety of PEG in patients with a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. METHODS: Medical records for patients seen in 3 tertiary care, university-affiliated hospitals between January 1, 1991, and January 1, 1999, were reviewed. OBSERVATIONS: Six patients underwent PEG after ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement during the study ...
Sorteberg A - - 2004
The effect of surgical treatment of patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is reported to be variable. Candidates for surgery have often been selected using hydrodynamic tests; however, the predictive value of such tests remains uncertain. Seventeen patients with idiopathic NPH underwent continuous computerized intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring and a ...
Dong Yong-Hong - - 2004
Pericardial devascularization (PD) is less of a burden and provides better bleeding control to patients compared to shunt procedures, and so has been widely used in portal hypertension in China. However, because the vagus trunks are interrupted during surgery, patients easily suffer from postoperative stomach adynamia. Based on our understanding ...
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