Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1093
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Gürbüz Ali - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether intracoronary shunt usage reduced the myocardial damage on the basis of the cardiac markers when compared with the shuntless anastomosis in off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) surgery of isolated left anterior descending artery lesions. METHODS: Forty patients who had ...
Maryam Esmaeilzadeh
The purpose of this study was to quantitate the degree of left-to-right shunt in patients with 2°ASD by PISA method in comparison with continuity equation. The PISA method has been used extensively in patients with valvular regurgitation and stenosis for quantitative measurement of regurgitant severity and valve area. But its ...
Meier U - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the outcomes of surgical treatment of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We prospectively investigated 51 patients treated for iNPH by insertion of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt with gravitational valve. RESULTS: The proportion of excellent, good, and satisfactory outcomes immediately following surgery was 80%; the same ...
Park Seoung Woo - - 2006
The authors present a case of Sotos syndrome with increasing severity of subdural hygroma from the age of 5 months, which was managed with a subduroperitoneal shunt at 10 months of age. The patient had been followed up until 30 months of age with continuing improvement of symptoms. The patient ...
Tarnaris Andrew - - 2006
Awareness of the importance of chronic adult hydrocephalus has been raised again with the recent emergence of epidemiological studies. It is estimated that between 5 and 10% of patients suffering from dementia might, in fact, have chronic hydrocephalus. Although, surgical diversion of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) represents the only known ...
Lee Meng-Luen - - 2006
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the outcome of percutaneous transarterial coil occlusion for isolated patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in Taiwan. This study evaluated the 2-year outcome of 52 patients with isolated PDA who received percutaneous transarterial coil occlusion by an upstream-and-push maneuver. METHODS: From July 1997 to June 2002, ...
Kazumata Ken - - 2006
The ventricle-to-background ratio and clearance rate constant measured by indium-111 diethylenetriaminepenta-acetic acid single photon emission computed tomography ((111)In-DTPA SPECT) were evaluated for predicting hydrocephalus in 16 patients at 2 to 3 weeks after onset of subarachnoid hemorrhage. The activity in the lateral ventricles, basal cistern, and hemispheric convexities was measured ...
Dasgupta Roshni - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Children with portal venous thrombosis often have severe symptoms secondary to portal hypertension including recurrent upper gastrointestinal (UGI) bleeds and hypersplenism. We report results of the use of the mesenterico-left portal bypass (Rex shunt) in 5 consecutive patients. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all patients with portal venous ...
Bognar Laszlo - - 2005
OBJECT: The authors present the results of 400 consecutive neuroendoscopic interventions performed by a single surgeon in 373 patients during the last 8 years. METHODS: The study is based on a retrospective analysis of a continuously updated electronic database that includes patient history and radiological files. The success rate of ...
Schneider Birke - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Surgical closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) has been considered definitive and the gold standard for preventing recurrent paradoxical embolism. However, in contrast to transcatheter PFO closure, patients undergoing operation have not systematically been re-evaluated for residual shunting. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of surgical PFO closure ...
Echenagusia M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the efficacy of the VIATORR endoprosthesis for the management of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) dysfunction. METHODS: Twelve consecutive patients (10 men and two women, mean age 52.7 years) with recurrent TIPS dysfunction underwent TIPS revision with use of the VIATORR endoprosthesis. Nine patients were asymptomatic and ...
Saravanan Ramasamy - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent shunt (TIPSS) is now widely used in the treatment of uncontrolled and recurrent variceal haemorrhage. This study reports the outcome and long-term follow-up of 125 patients who were referred to a single centre for TIPSS. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-five patients were referred to undergo ...
McGirt Matthew J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The response to shunt surgery for idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) is variable because INPH is difficult to distinguish from other conditions causing the same symptoms. To date, no clinical picture or diagnostic test can distinguish INPH or predict response to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt surgery. We reviewed our 10-year ...
Wald Rachel M - - 2005
Fetal and neonatal Ebstein's anomaly has a poor prognosis, and there are few contemporary reviews of management and outcomes. This study retrospectively reviewed a management algorithm promoting early ductal closure after anatomic pulmonary obstruction had been excluded or relieved in neonatal Ebstein's anomaly from 1995 to 2004. Twenty-eight patients with ...
Wang Jou-Kou - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of the strategy of transcatheter occlusion with the Gianturco coil for small-to-moderate sized ductus and with Amplatzer duct occluder (ADO) for large ductus. PATIENT AND METHODS: For ductus closure, the following strategy was applied: ADO was used in large ductus: infants and young children weighing ...
Petroianu Andy - - 2005
BACKGROUND: For many years, the hematologic changes occurring in hepatosplenic Manson's schistosomiasis have been defined as hypersplenism. Initially, the belief was that removal of the spleen would normalize the hematologic values. However, hematimetric normalization was observed in surgeries for the treatment of portal hypertension in which the spleen was preserved. ...
Siewert Elmar - - 2005
The transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent-shunt (TIPS) has successfully been used in the management of refractory variceal bleeding and ascites in patients with portal hypertension. Major drawbacks are the induction of hepatic encephalopathy and shunt dysfunction. We present a 59-year-old woman with alcoholic liver cirrhosis who received a TIPS because of ...
Xu Xin-Bao - - 2005
AIM: To review the experience in surgery for 508 patients with portal hypertension and to explore the selection of reasonable operation under different conditions. METHODS: The data of 508 patients with portal hypertension treated surgically in 1991-2001 in our centers were analyzed. Of the 508 patients, 256 were treated with ...
Peries Aubrey - - 2005
AIMS: The purpose of our study was to ascertain the outcome of the construction of a Blalock-Taussig shunt in patients aged 12 years and over. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified 21 patients in whom a Blalock-Taussig shunt had been constructed subsequent to the age of 12 years. Of the patients, ...
Celiker Alpay - - 2005
The detachable coils have been successfully used for transcatheter occlusion of small- to moderate-sized patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). We report our experience regarding the use of the Nit-Occlud coils (NOCs) for transcatheter PDA and major aortopulmonary collateral (MAPCA) occlusion. Single NOCs were used to close PDA in 26 patients, and ...
Sciubba Daniel M - - 2005
OBJECT: The majority of shunt infections occur within 6 months of shunt placement and chiefly result from perioperative colonization of shunt components by skin flora. Antibiotic-impregnated shunt (AIS) systems have been designed to prevent such colonization. In this study, the authors evaluate the incidence of shunt infection after introduction of ...
Delwel E J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: It is difficult to predict which patients with symptoms and radiological signs of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) will benefit from a shunting procedure and which patients will not. Risk of this procedure is also higher in patients with NPH than in the overall population of hydrocephalic patients. The aim ...
Weng Ken-Pen - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter coil closure (TCC) is safe and effective for most patients with PDA, but coil associated complications may occasionally be encountered. For occlusion of minimal PDA (<1 mm), we employed a closure protocol with guidewire and catheter manipulation. METHODS: Between April 2000 and September 2004, 38 patients with a ...
Trotter J - - 2005
While transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is a common therapy for cirrhotic patients with diuretic-resistant or diuretic-refractory ascites, some patients are unsuitable for the procedure for technical or medical reasons. We report our experience with the use of chronic intravenous albumin infusions to achieve diuresis in this difficult patient population ...
Cheung Y F - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the fate of the unligated vertical vein after repair of isolated supracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC). METHODS: We reviewed the outcome of 28 patients who were diagnosed to have isolated supracardiac TAPVC and determined the fate of the unligated vertical vein. RESULTS: Of the 28 ...
Li Khan W - - 2005
OBJECT: Tectal gliomas are a distinct form of pediatric brainstem tumor that present in patients with symptoms related to increased intracranial pressure due to obstructive hydrocephalus. The natural history of these lesions is often uniquely indolent. Thus, initial surgical therapies are directed at treatment of hydrocephalus, usually with ventricular shunt ...
Mehl Margo L - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate use of an ameroid ring constrictor (ARC) for treatment for single extrahepatic portosystemic shunts (PSSs) and identify factors associated with postoperative death, continued portosystemic shunting, and long-term outcome in dogs. DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: 168 dogs with a single extrahepatic PSS. PROCEDURE: Medical records of dogs that ...
Erdem Hakan - - 2006
A 21-year-old man had been diagnosed as having thrombosis of the dural sinus secondary to Behçet's disease. Despite treatment with acetozolamide, azathioprine and methylprednisolone over the ensuing 6 months, he had little improvement in his symptoms of intracranial hypertension and required frequent lumbar CFS drainage. The patient then underwent lumboperitoneal ...
Fattal-Valevski Aviva - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to report our positive experience of using dexamethasone to treat 13 patients with symptomatic slit ventricle syndrome (SVS). METHODS: Thirteen SVS patients who received dexamethasone during acute episodes were studied. The etiology for hydrocephalus was prematurity and intraventricular hemorrhage in 9 patients and neonatal meningitis, chorioamnionitis, ...
Miki T - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Neuroendoscopic aqueductoplasty (EAP) is a curative and radical procedure for obstructive hydrocephalus due to aqueductal stenosis that re-establishes the physiological circulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). We assessed the indications for safe neuroendoscopic aqueductoplasty without stenting to treat aqueductal stenosis. METHODS: In the past 5 years, 6 (5.5 %) of ...
Chatterjee Tushar - - 2005
Percutaneous transcatheter closure has been proposed as an alternative to surgical closure or long-term anticoagulation in patients with presumed paradoxical embolism and patent foramen ovale (PFO). We report our mid-term results of 55 consecutive symptomatic patients (mean age: 47 years, range: 20-79) who underwent percutaneous transcatheter closure of PFO after ...
David Kevin A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Ifosfamide is an important part of chemotherapeutic regimens used to treat a variety of malignancies. One potential side effect of the drug is encephalopathy, which may manifest itself as a variety of symptoms, ranging from agitation to seizures and coma. The goal of this review is to identify the ...
Santoro Giuseppe - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter closure is now accepted as the first-choice therapeutic option in patients with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). However, this procedure is still challenging in large PDA and/or younger patients. This study evaluated feasibility and results of this approach in large, symptomatic PDA using different devices. METHODS: Between April 2000 ...
Riggio O - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hepatic encephalopathy is a frequent event after transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt (TIPS), especially during the first months. Aim of this study was to compare two different treatments (lactitol 60 g/day, rifaximin 1200 mg/day) with no-treatment in the prevention of post-TIPS hepatic encephalopathy. METHODS: Seventy-five consecutive cirrhotics submitted to TIPS were randomized to ...
Warf Benjamin C - - 2005
OBJECT: The author investigated the 1-year outcomes for shunt treatment of hydrocephalic children in Uganda, comparing the results using the inexpensive Chhabra shunt ($35 US dollars), widely used in East Africa, with those using the Codman-Hakim Micro Precision Valve shunt ($650). METHODS: The results in 195 consecutive children (mostly infants) ...
Takabayashi Shin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Despite that surgical outcomes of patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome have improved, one of the problems remaining is the high interstage mortality after a stage I Norwood procedure. The purpose of this study was to determine the hemodynamic characteristics of hypoplastic left heart syndrome after a Norwood procedure. ...
Menon P - - 2005
AIM: This study was carried out in order to determine whether children with extrahepatic portal hypertension show any improvement in growth parameters and quality of life after elective surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients with extrahepatic portal hypertension who underwent surgery between April 1999 and March 2002 were studied prospectively. ...
Sooriakumaran P - - 2005
AIM AND METHODS: A retrospective review was carried out of children undergoing peritoneovenous shunting for intractable ascites. RESULTS: 11 children, aged 3 months to 12 years (median 31 months) underwent peritoneovenous shunting over the past 17 years. The duration of ascites ranged from one month to 2.5 years (median two ...
Tisell M - - 2005
In 10% of adult patients with hydrocephalus, the cause is because of aqueductal stenosis (AS), causing enlargement of the lateral and third ventricles. There are currently two alternate forms of surgical treatment for AS; shunt surgery and ventriculostomy. Shunt surgery is associated with high complication rates and many patients need ...
Bañares Rafael - - 2005
A trend toward a higher incidence of hepatocelullar carcinoma (HCC) in patients with cirrhosis treated with bare-stent transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) has been observed in previous studies. To assess the influence of TIPS as a risk factor for developing HCC, we have compared the incidence of HCC in two ...
Kestle John R W - - 2005
OBJECT: Previous reports suggest that adjustable valves may improve the survival of cerebrospinal fluid shunts or relieve shunt-related symptoms. To evaluate these claims, the authors conducted a prospective multicenter cohort study of children who underwent placement of Strata valves. METHODS: Patients undergoing initial shunt placement (Group 1) or shunt revision ...
Wahl Andreas - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the safety and efficacy of transcatheter treatment of atrial septal aneurysm (ASA) associated with patent foramen ovale (PFO). BACKGROUND: Patients with both ASA and PFO are at high risk for recurrent paradoxical embolism. METHODS: The procedural, echocardiographic, and clinical outcomes of 141 patients with ...
Dang Xiao-Wei - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Budd-Chiari syndrome (B-CS) is a disease with a poor prognosis, and the results of medication are not satisfactory. Surgical treatments are widely used to depress portal hypertension and hypertension of the inferior vena cava. Splenocaval shunt is usually applied to treat intrahepatic portal hypertension, but we used this method ...
Singh D - - 2005
Hydrocephalus is a common sequel of tubercular meningitis. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) was performed in thirty-five patients. According to the duration of illness, six patients were in the early (less than 6 weeks), nineteen were in the intermediate (6 weeks to 6 months) and ten patients were in the late ...
Jaksche H - - 2005
Post-traumatic syringomyelia (PTS) is relatively rare, but its complications can be serious. In the beginning of the operative treatment (1900-1930), scarring could be reduced to a certain degree. In modern treatment (1980 1990) a shunt implantation showed also little effect in long-term follow-up studies. Influenced by the work of B. ...
Ochs Andreas - - 2005
The transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is an interventional treatment resulting in decompression of the portal system by creation of a side-to-side portosystemic anastomosis. Since its introduction 16 years ago, more than 1,000 publications have appeared demonstrating broad acceptance and increasing clinical use. This review summarizes our present knowledge about ...
Joho-Arreola Ana L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Diaphragmatic paralysis (DP) caused by phrenic nerve injury is potentially life-threatening in infants. Phrenic nerve injury due to thoracic surgery is the most common cause of DP in children. We retrospectively analyzed incidence, surgical details, management and follow-up of our patients with DP after cardiac surgery to develop an ...
Aygok G - - 2005
The incidence of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) has increased as a result of improved longevity. This report describes the 3-year outcome of shunted iNPH patients compared to three-month outcome after shunting. Patients (n = 50) (Age 70.4 +/- 8.9) admitted to our service were diagnosed and treated according to ...
Våge Villy - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Jejunoileal (JI) bypass was a widely performed surgical procedure for morbid obesity in the 1970s. The purpose of this study was to assess cardiovascular risk factors and mortality in patients 25 years or more after this operation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All (n = 36) patients operated on for obesity ...
Crandon I W - - 2005
This retrospective, descriptive study reviewed the patient profile, disease spectrum, indications for and results of treatment and complications of all 27 patients who had neuroendoscopy at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI) over the three-year period between November 2000, when the service was first introduced, and November 2003. ...
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