Search Results
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Sundine Michael J - - 2006
Craniofacial surgeons are rarely presented patients with extreme hydrocephalic macrocephaly due to early diagnosis and treatment of the hydrocephalus. Macrocephaly can significantly limit or prohibit mobility, hygiene and can drastically change lifestyle and developmental issues. The authors herein report on four consecutive total cranial vault reduction cranioplasty procedures for correction ...
Söderman Michael - - 2006
OBJECT: The aim of this study was to assess the clinical efficacy of gamma knife surgery (GKS) in the treatment of dural arteriovenous shunts (DAVSs). METHODS: From a database of more than 1600 patients with intracranial arteriovenous shunts that had been treated with GKS, the authors retrospectively and prospectively identified ...
ADA Kinasha, JF Kahamba, ...
Background: From the few reports available, VP shunt surgery in sub- Saharan Africa is associated with significant complications. This study was aimed at establishing the pattern, causes and frequency of complications of VPS in Tanzania. Methods: Sixty five of the 102 children with hydrocephalus treated with ventriculoperitoneal shunts between January ...
Khairy Paul - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The risk of systemic thromboemboli associated with transvenous leads in the presence of an intracardiac shunt is currently unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: To define this risk, we conducted a multicenter, retrospective cohort study of 202 patients with intracardiac shunts: Sixty-four had transvenous leads (group 1), 56 had epicardial leads ...
Cua Clifford L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Previous publications using nonconcurrent series of patients indicate improved survival for patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) undergoing stage I palliation with a right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit (NW-RVPA) vs. a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (NW-BT). We compared postoperative outcomes in a concurrent series of patients with HLHS ...
Hidajat Nico - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective double-blind and randomized study was to assess whether intraluminal brachytherapy of de novo transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) can prevent significant shunt stenosis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty patients with portal hypertension due to liver cirrhosis were enrolled. In the irradiation group of 20 patients, ...
Amarapurkar Deepak N - - 2006
In refractory ascites/hydrothorax (RA), uncovered transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is shown to be superior to large-volume therapeutic paracentesis (LVP) for long-term control of ascites, but at a cost of increased risk of hepatic encephalopathy (HE). Use of covered TIPS has shown to improve shunt patency rate over uncovered TIPS. ...
Kombogiorgas D - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine if operative factors correlate with success of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) in the treatment of hydrocephalus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ETV procedure video of 33 hydrocephalic children was reviewed. Mean age at operation was 76 months (range: 1-196). Success was defined as no need for shunt in ...
Vinchon Matthieu - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Shunt infection (SI) is an enduring problem in pediatric neurosurgery. Its occurrence is variable in the different series that were published, according to the definition retained. In addition, long-term data, which could help to evaluate the incidence of delayed SI, as well as the developmental outcome after SI, are ...
Cakan M - - 2006
The aim of this study was to report feasibility, benefit and complications of superselective transcatheter autologous clot embolizations and duplex sonography-guided compression therapy in four patients with delayed post-traumatic high-flow priapism. Medical records of four consecutive patients diagnosed with delayed post-traumatic high-flow priapism (arterial priapism) were reviewed. High-flow priapism occurred ...
Masura Jozef - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Immediate-, short-, and intermediate-term results of percutaneous patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure using Amplatzer duct occluders are excellent. However, long-term results have not yet been reported to date. METHODS: Between September 1996 and April 2002, 64 consecutive patients having isolated PDA with minimal diameter of > or =2 mm ...
Akyuz M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The incidence of chronic hydrocephalus requiring shunt placement is a well-known and common complication of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). It was suggested that fenestration of the lamina terminalis (LT) during microsurgery for aSAH may be associated with a reduced rate of shunt-dependent chronic hydrocephalus (SDCH). We analyzed that, fenestrations ...
Vinchon Matthieu - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The peritoneum is the preferred site for insertion of shunts used for the treatment of hydrocephalus. Bowel perforation by peritoneal catheters (BPPC) is a rare but devastating complication. Its pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment are debated. METHODS: Retrospective review of cases of BPPC in a series of 1956 patients having ...
Gürbüz Ali - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether intracoronary shunt usage reduced the myocardial damage on the basis of the cardiac markers when compared with the shuntless anastomosis in off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) surgery of isolated left anterior descending artery lesions. METHODS: Forty patients who had ...
Maryam Esmaeilzadeh
The purpose of this study was to quantitate the degree of left-to-right shunt in patients with 2°ASD by PISA method in comparison with continuity equation. The PISA method has been used extensively in patients with valvular regurgitation and stenosis for quantitative measurement of regurgitant severity and valve area. But its ...
Meier U - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the outcomes of surgical treatment of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We prospectively investigated 51 patients treated for iNPH by insertion of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt with gravitational valve. RESULTS: The proportion of excellent, good, and satisfactory outcomes immediately following surgery was 80%; the same ...
Park Seoung Woo - - 2006
The authors present a case of Sotos syndrome with increasing severity of subdural hygroma from the age of 5 months, which was managed with a subduroperitoneal shunt at 10 months of age. The patient had been followed up until 30 months of age with continuing improvement of symptoms. The patient ...
Tarnaris Andrew - - 2006
Awareness of the importance of chronic adult hydrocephalus has been raised again with the recent emergence of epidemiological studies. It is estimated that between 5 and 10% of patients suffering from dementia might, in fact, have chronic hydrocephalus. Although, surgical diversion of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) represents the only known ...
Lee Meng-Luen - - 2006
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the outcome of percutaneous transarterial coil occlusion for isolated patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in Taiwan. This study evaluated the 2-year outcome of 52 patients with isolated PDA who received percutaneous transarterial coil occlusion by an upstream-and-push maneuver. METHODS: From July 1997 to June 2002, ...
Kazumata Ken - - 2006
The ventricle-to-background ratio and clearance rate constant measured by indium-111 diethylenetriaminepenta-acetic acid single photon emission computed tomography ((111)In-DTPA SPECT) were evaluated for predicting hydrocephalus in 16 patients at 2 to 3 weeks after onset of subarachnoid hemorrhage. The activity in the lateral ventricles, basal cistern, and hemispheric convexities was measured ...
Dasgupta Roshni - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Children with portal venous thrombosis often have severe symptoms secondary to portal hypertension including recurrent upper gastrointestinal (UGI) bleeds and hypersplenism. We report results of the use of the mesenterico-left portal bypass (Rex shunt) in 5 consecutive patients. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all patients with portal venous ...
Bognar Laszlo - - 2005
OBJECT: The authors present the results of 400 consecutive neuroendoscopic interventions performed by a single surgeon in 373 patients during the last 8 years. METHODS: The study is based on a retrospective analysis of a continuously updated electronic database that includes patient history and radiological files. The success rate of ...
Schneider Birke - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Surgical closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) has been considered definitive and the gold standard for preventing recurrent paradoxical embolism. However, in contrast to transcatheter PFO closure, patients undergoing operation have not systematically been re-evaluated for residual shunting. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of surgical PFO closure ...
Echenagusia M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the efficacy of the VIATORR endoprosthesis for the management of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) dysfunction. METHODS: Twelve consecutive patients (10 men and two women, mean age 52.7 years) with recurrent TIPS dysfunction underwent TIPS revision with use of the VIATORR endoprosthesis. Nine patients were asymptomatic and ...
Saravanan Ramasamy - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent shunt (TIPSS) is now widely used in the treatment of uncontrolled and recurrent variceal haemorrhage. This study reports the outcome and long-term follow-up of 125 patients who were referred to a single centre for TIPSS. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-five patients were referred to undergo ...
McGirt Matthew J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The response to shunt surgery for idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) is variable because INPH is difficult to distinguish from other conditions causing the same symptoms. To date, no clinical picture or diagnostic test can distinguish INPH or predict response to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt surgery. We reviewed our 10-year ...
Wald Rachel M - - 2005
Fetal and neonatal Ebstein's anomaly has a poor prognosis, and there are few contemporary reviews of management and outcomes. This study retrospectively reviewed a management algorithm promoting early ductal closure after anatomic pulmonary obstruction had been excluded or relieved in neonatal Ebstein's anomaly from 1995 to 2004. Twenty-eight patients with ...
Wang Jou-Kou - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of the strategy of transcatheter occlusion with the Gianturco coil for small-to-moderate sized ductus and with Amplatzer duct occluder (ADO) for large ductus. PATIENT AND METHODS: For ductus closure, the following strategy was applied: ADO was used in large ductus: infants and young children weighing ...
Petroianu Andy - - 2005
BACKGROUND: For many years, the hematologic changes occurring in hepatosplenic Manson's schistosomiasis have been defined as hypersplenism. Initially, the belief was that removal of the spleen would normalize the hematologic values. However, hematimetric normalization was observed in surgeries for the treatment of portal hypertension in which the spleen was preserved. ...
Siewert Elmar - - 2005
The transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent-shunt (TIPS) has successfully been used in the management of refractory variceal bleeding and ascites in patients with portal hypertension. Major drawbacks are the induction of hepatic encephalopathy and shunt dysfunction. We present a 59-year-old woman with alcoholic liver cirrhosis who received a TIPS because of ...
Xu Xin-Bao - - 2005
AIM: To review the experience in surgery for 508 patients with portal hypertension and to explore the selection of reasonable operation under different conditions. METHODS: The data of 508 patients with portal hypertension treated surgically in 1991-2001 in our centers were analyzed. Of the 508 patients, 256 were treated with ...
Peries Aubrey - - 2005
AIMS: The purpose of our study was to ascertain the outcome of the construction of a Blalock-Taussig shunt in patients aged 12 years and over. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified 21 patients in whom a Blalock-Taussig shunt had been constructed subsequent to the age of 12 years. Of the patients, ...
Celiker Alpay - - 2005
The detachable coils have been successfully used for transcatheter occlusion of small- to moderate-sized patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). We report our experience regarding the use of the Nit-Occlud coils (NOCs) for transcatheter PDA and major aortopulmonary collateral (MAPCA) occlusion. Single NOCs were used to close PDA in 26 patients, and ...
Sciubba Daniel M - - 2005
OBJECT: The majority of shunt infections occur within 6 months of shunt placement and chiefly result from perioperative colonization of shunt components by skin flora. Antibiotic-impregnated shunt (AIS) systems have been designed to prevent such colonization. In this study, the authors evaluate the incidence of shunt infection after introduction of ...
Delwel E J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: It is difficult to predict which patients with symptoms and radiological signs of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) will benefit from a shunting procedure and which patients will not. Risk of this procedure is also higher in patients with NPH than in the overall population of hydrocephalic patients. The aim ...
Weng Ken-Pen - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter coil closure (TCC) is safe and effective for most patients with PDA, but coil associated complications may occasionally be encountered. For occlusion of minimal PDA (<1 mm), we employed a closure protocol with guidewire and catheter manipulation. METHODS: Between April 2000 and September 2004, 38 patients with a ...
Trotter J - - 2005
While transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is a common therapy for cirrhotic patients with diuretic-resistant or diuretic-refractory ascites, some patients are unsuitable for the procedure for technical or medical reasons. We report our experience with the use of chronic intravenous albumin infusions to achieve diuresis in this difficult patient population ...
Cheung Y F - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the fate of the unligated vertical vein after repair of isolated supracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC). METHODS: We reviewed the outcome of 28 patients who were diagnosed to have isolated supracardiac TAPVC and determined the fate of the unligated vertical vein. RESULTS: Of the 28 ...
Li Khan W - - 2005
OBJECT: Tectal gliomas are a distinct form of pediatric brainstem tumor that present in patients with symptoms related to increased intracranial pressure due to obstructive hydrocephalus. The natural history of these lesions is often uniquely indolent. Thus, initial surgical therapies are directed at treatment of hydrocephalus, usually with ventricular shunt ...
Mehl Margo L - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate use of an ameroid ring constrictor (ARC) for treatment for single extrahepatic portosystemic shunts (PSSs) and identify factors associated with postoperative death, continued portosystemic shunting, and long-term outcome in dogs. DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: 168 dogs with a single extrahepatic PSS. PROCEDURE: Medical records of dogs that ...
Erdem Hakan - - 2006
A 21-year-old man had been diagnosed as having thrombosis of the dural sinus secondary to Behçet's disease. Despite treatment with acetozolamide, azathioprine and methylprednisolone over the ensuing 6 months, he had little improvement in his symptoms of intracranial hypertension and required frequent lumbar CFS drainage. The patient then underwent lumboperitoneal ...
Fattal-Valevski Aviva - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to report our positive experience of using dexamethasone to treat 13 patients with symptomatic slit ventricle syndrome (SVS). METHODS: Thirteen SVS patients who received dexamethasone during acute episodes were studied. The etiology for hydrocephalus was prematurity and intraventricular hemorrhage in 9 patients and neonatal meningitis, chorioamnionitis, ...
Miki T - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Neuroendoscopic aqueductoplasty (EAP) is a curative and radical procedure for obstructive hydrocephalus due to aqueductal stenosis that re-establishes the physiological circulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). We assessed the indications for safe neuroendoscopic aqueductoplasty without stenting to treat aqueductal stenosis. METHODS: In the past 5 years, 6 (5.5 %) of ...
Chatterjee Tushar - - 2005
Percutaneous transcatheter closure has been proposed as an alternative to surgical closure or long-term anticoagulation in patients with presumed paradoxical embolism and patent foramen ovale (PFO). We report our mid-term results of 55 consecutive symptomatic patients (mean age: 47 years, range: 20-79) who underwent percutaneous transcatheter closure of PFO after ...
David Kevin A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Ifosfamide is an important part of chemotherapeutic regimens used to treat a variety of malignancies. One potential side effect of the drug is encephalopathy, which may manifest itself as a variety of symptoms, ranging from agitation to seizures and coma. The goal of this review is to identify the ...
Santoro Giuseppe - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter closure is now accepted as the first-choice therapeutic option in patients with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). However, this procedure is still challenging in large PDA and/or younger patients. This study evaluated feasibility and results of this approach in large, symptomatic PDA using different devices. METHODS: Between April 2000 ...
Riggio O - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hepatic encephalopathy is a frequent event after transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt (TIPS), especially during the first months. Aim of this study was to compare two different treatments (lactitol 60 g/day, rifaximin 1200 mg/day) with no-treatment in the prevention of post-TIPS hepatic encephalopathy. METHODS: Seventy-five consecutive cirrhotics submitted to TIPS were randomized to ...
Warf Benjamin C - - 2005
OBJECT: The author investigated the 1-year outcomes for shunt treatment of hydrocephalic children in Uganda, comparing the results using the inexpensive Chhabra shunt ($35 US dollars), widely used in East Africa, with those using the Codman-Hakim Micro Precision Valve shunt ($650). METHODS: The results in 195 consecutive children (mostly infants) ...
Takabayashi Shin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Despite that surgical outcomes of patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome have improved, one of the problems remaining is the high interstage mortality after a stage I Norwood procedure. The purpose of this study was to determine the hemodynamic characteristics of hypoplastic left heart syndrome after a Norwood procedure. ...
Menon P - - 2005
AIM: This study was carried out in order to determine whether children with extrahepatic portal hypertension show any improvement in growth parameters and quality of life after elective surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients with extrahepatic portal hypertension who underwent surgery between April 1999 and March 2002 were studied prospectively. ...
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