Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1109
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Ishikawa Yoshinori - - 2008
Refractory hepatic encephalopathy (HE) frequently develops in patients with cirrhosis and portal-systemic shunt. Recently, patients with refractory HE associated with portal-systemic shunt have been treated with interventional radiology. We describe a promising new treatment for portal-systemic shunt, ligation of the patent paraumbilical vein (PUV) after partial splenic embolization, in patients ...
Hayhurst Caroline - - 2008
OBJECT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) in patients with Chiari malformation Type I (CM-I) and hydrocephalus with or without syringomyelia. METHODS: The authors identified, in a prospective endoscopy database, 16 adults and children (age range 2-68 years) with CM-I and ...
Hertel F - - 2008
OBJECT: In spite of the development of approximately 200 different shunt systems within the last 50 years, overdrainage and valve obstructions are still major problems in the current treatment of hydrocephalus. In 1994, a new gravitational valve with different opening pressures (depending upon the patient's posture) and a big contact ...
Bakoyiannis C N - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate if there is a possible relation between the size of endoluminal shunt, in carotid endarterectomy (CEA), and the risk of postoperative hyperperfusion syndrome. METHODS: We retrospectively studied prospectively collected data from 156 patients, who were subjected to CEA using shunting and ...
Sufianov A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The authors review their experience of the TV-controlled endoscopic technique in the treatment of shunt malfunction in 28 patients suffering from hydrocephalus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We treated 28 patients (6.6+/-1.2 years) with shunt malfunctions by a neuroendoscopic procedure. The number of reimplantations of the shunt systems prior to the ...
Thanopoulos Basil Vasilios D - - 2008
The transcatheter closure of certain types of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) remains a challenge. The investigators report initial clinical experience with 25 patients who underwent PDA occlusion with the use of a swivel-disk device (SDD) or a plug occluder (PO). The patients were divided into 2 groups: in the SDD ...
Gulati S P - - 2008
25 patients of bronchial asthma with chronic sinusitis were operated with the aim to evaluate the efficacy of functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) on asthma symptoms. The mean postoperative daytime asthma symptom scores, nocturnal asthma symptom scores, mean postoperative nocturnal awakening scores and number of asthma attacks reduced significantly (p<0.001). ...
Maleux, Geert
Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt is a valuable procedure to manage severe portal hypertension-related complications, but this interventional procedure still has some major shortcomings. Shunt dysfunction is the most frequent limitation and can lead to life threatening complications of portal hypertension such as variceal re-bleeding and development of refractory ascites. Another ...
Erşahin Yusuf - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Arachnoid cysts constitute 1% of all intracranial mass lesions not resulting from trauma. Suprasellar arachnoid cysts (SACs) are uncommon. Obstructive hydrocephalus is the most common cause of initial symptoms and occurs in almost 90% of the patients with suprasellar arachnoid cyst. We report on 17 patients with suprasellar arachnoid ...
Torres A - - 2008
Intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) is associated with a poor outcome. Simple external ventricular drainage has not modified the high morbidity and mortality of these patients. Our objective was to review our experience using intraventricular urokinase (UK) in treating patients with moderate to severe IVH. Prospective analysis of medical records of 14 ...
Aldana Philipp R - - 2008
OBJECT: The authors report a clinical protocol for the application of ventriculogallbladder (VGB) shunts in children who may be unable to maintain or receive ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts. METHODS: Eighteen patients underwent placement of VGB shunts as an alternative to VP shunt therapy for the following reasons: malfunction of the VP ...
Nejat Farideh - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Shunt infection represents a particularly morbid condition, which can also result in mortality. In order to decrease the high morbidity and mortality rates, prevention is an essential step. The purpose of this study was to compare the prophylactic use of ceftriaxone and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (SXT) for the prevention ...
Zeidan S - - 2008
The purpose of this retrospective review of the charts of 6 children who underwent surgical treatment of chylous ascites refractory to conservative measures between 1993 and 2006 was to evaluate the efficiency of fibrin glue application for control of lymph leakage. Five children had postoperative chylous ascites (neuroblastoma, 4; cystic ...
Pujari S - - 2008
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the long-term clinical course and management of patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) treated by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunting. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records of 55 patients diagnosed with idiopathic NPH (INPH) and treated with CSF shunts, all of whom were followed for more than ...
Bone I - - 2008
BACKGROUND, PURPOSE AND METHODS: This observational study assessed the effect of continuous intraventricular infusion of pentosan polysulphate (PPS) in seven patients at different clinical centres in the UK. Complications of intraventricular catheterization were frequent. PPS was well-tolerated over a wide dose range (11-110 microg/kg/day) during the 6-month study. Four patients ...
Onal Bulent - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of contralateral patent processus vaginalis discovered at laparoscopy in patients presenting with a unilateral nonpalpable testis. METHODS: From August 1997 through February 2006, 159 boys underwent laparoscopic exploration for a unilateral nonpalpable testis. The data were retrospectively reviewed to determine the incidence of contralateral patency, ...
Lipina Radim - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is considered a safe procedure and is a method of choice in treatment of obstructive hydrocephalus nowadays. In case of Sylvian aqueduct stenosis, the success rate reaches 90%. In children younger than 6 to 24 months, respectively, however, some authors report lower effectiveness ranging between ...
Erşahin Yusuf - - 2008
OBJECTS: Although endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is considered as the first choice in the management of noncommunicating hydrocephalus, it is not without risk or complication. METHODS: The patients who had undergone ETV only between 1998 and 2005 were retrospectively reviewed. There were 85 males and 70 females, and 173 ETVs ...
El-Ghandour Nasser M F - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The treatment of multiloculated hydrocephalus is a difficult problem in pediatric neurosurgery. Definitive treatment is surgical, yet the approach remains controversial. The author has therefore reviewed his results with endoscopic cyst fenestration (ECF) in the management of this disease. METHODS: The author presents the largest series to date of ...
Hoffman Caitlin E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Although there is a current consensus that Type I Chiari malformations (CM-I) should be treated only in the setting of symptomatic disease, significant controversy surrounds the most appropriate surgical procedure. Recent enthusiasm for osseous decompression without duraplasty is supported by the purportedly lower morbidity of this approach. Precise rates ...
Little Andrew S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The goals of this study were to investigate the risk factors, indications, complications, and outcome for patients with ventriculoperitoneal shunts (VPSs) after subarachnoid hemorrhage and to define a subgroup eligible for future prospective studies designed to clarify indications for placement of a VPS. METHODS: Clinical characteristics of 236 prospectively ...
Huttner H B - - 2008
Over the recent years, fibrinolytic agents have been tested for intraventricular clot fibrinolysis (IVF). Compared with patients who did not receive IVF, administration of rt-PA induces rapid resorption of intraventricular blood and normalization of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) circulation resulting in a reduced 30-day mortality and beneficial short-term outcome after 3 ...
Walpoth Nazan B - - 2008
The goal of this study was to assess the feasibility, safety and success of a system which uses radiofrequency energy (RFE) rather than a device for percutaneous closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO). Sixteen patients (10 men, 6 women, mean age 50 years) were included in the study. All of ...
Spies Christian - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We report our experience of transcatheter patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure with the new Intrasept occluder. BACKGROUND: The Intrasept device is the fourth generation of the Cardia occluder family. Developed for transcatheter closure of PFO, the main difference between the Intrasept and prior generations of the Cardia occluder is ...
Silvestry Frank E - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We tested the feasibility of percutaneous patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure utilizing the Amplatzer multifenestrated Cribriform atrial septal occluder device. BACKGROUND: This device recently became available and may offer unique advantages for closure of PFO. METHODS: Nineteen consecutive patients who underwent closure of PFO with the Cribriform device for ...
van Beijnum Janneke - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic third ventriculostomy is a well-known surgical option in the treatment of noncommunicating hydrocephalus. We studied complications and long-term success in 202 patients to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of laser-assisted endoscopic third ventriculostomy (LA-ETV) using a unique "black" fiber tip/diode laser combination for controlled tissue ablation. METHODS: We ...
Darwish Murad Sarwa - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The clinical outcome of a covered vs. uncovered transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) for patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is as yet largely unknown. OBJECTIVES: To compare patency rates of bare and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)-covered stents, and to investigate clinical outcome using four prognostic indices [Child-Pugh score, Rotterdam BCS index, ...
Kim John J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) in liver transplant (LT) recipients with refractory ascites/variceal bleeding and to compare the observed outcomes with those obtained in cirrhotic controls. METHODS: Clinical features of 14 LT recipients referred for TIPS ...
Kadrian David - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe the short-term operative success and the long-term reliability of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) for treatment of hydrocephalus and to examine the influence of diagnosis, age, and previous shunt history on these outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 203 consecutive patients from a single institution who had ETV as ...
El-Dawlatly Abdelazeem A From College of Medicine, King Saud Univ, Riyadh, KSA. - - 2008
Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) has become the standard surgical procedure for treatment of non-communicating hydrocephalus. The aim of this study is to report our results over the past ten years with reference to perioperative complications of ETV with a review of some specific anesthetic issues. The computerized database (in the ...
Sciubba Daniel M - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Antibiotic-impregnated shunt (AIS) components decrease shunt infections by preventing bacterial colonization that occurs during implantation. Despite studies showing improved efficacy in preventing infection however, concern still exists regarding using AIS components in infants, especially premature ones. In this study, clinical outcomes were assessed in infants with hydrocephalus (<1 year) ...
Szczepek Ewa - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Gait disturbances resulting from the normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) syndrome significantly restrain locomotion, which in serious cases can lead to a total loss of the ability to move. Hence the need to create an objective method of evaluating gait disturbances described by values of gait parameters and ...
Dusick Joshua R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The clinical response to ETV of adult patients with noncommunicating hydrocephalus may differ from that of children because of such factors as chronicity of hydrocephalus, physiologic differences in CSF dynamics, and changes in brain viscoelastic properties. We sought to determine which factors might predict clinical success and failure. METHODS: ...
Meier U - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A critical question in the diagnosis and treatment of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is that of which preoperative factors can most reliably predict outcomes following shunt insertion. The number and type of co-morbidities are increasingly being viewed as important predictive indicators. METHODS: Between 1997 and 2004, 95 patients ...
Chung Hwan-Hoon - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Inappropriately decreased portosystemic pressure gradient (PSG) during transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) can cause fatal complications but the critical low threshold of PSG is still not clear. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the critical low threshold of PSG during TIPS. METHODS: Sixty-six patients with cirrhosis ...
Chehab Ghassan - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To describe the characteristics and outcome of children with an isolated silent patent ductus arteriosus (SPDA), with comparison to non-silent ducts. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 1999 and 2004, all consecutive cases of isolated silent and non-silent-patent ductus were recorded at the National Register of Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease, ...
Williams Michael A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Gait abnormalities are an early clinical symptom in normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH), and subjective improvement in gait after temporary removal of CSF is often used to decide to perform shunt surgery. We investigated objective measures to compare gait before and after CSF drainage and shunt surgery. DESIGN: Twenty patients ...
Laje Pablo - - 2008
The recent advances in neonatal and pediatric intensive care have changed the outcome of patients with congenital pulmonary lymphangiectasia of different types, including those cases with early neonatal symptoms. However, the patients who present the most severe form of the disease, manifested by in utero hydrops (including those treated by ...
Alibegovic J - - 2008
To find a correlation between the patent foramen ovale (PFO) size measured by the sizing balloon and the appropriate closure device size. The PFO of 57 patients was closed using a sizing balloon. A mathematical model was introduced to relate the PFO balloon waist diameter to the closure device size ...
Szkutnik Malgorzata - - 2008
Increased prevalence of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) at high altitude (HA) is a known occurrence. Transcatheter treatment of patients with PDA living at a HA is assessed in this study. Thirteen consecutive patients (all habitants of La Paz, Bolivia) underwent transcatheter closure of PDA. The minimal diameter of PDA was ...
Abbas Mohamed - - 2007
Forty four patients with refractory ascites due to chronic liver diseases that fulfilling the inclusion criteria of selection were divided into 2 groups. The first group (GI, n=24) was subdivided into 2 subgroups according to degree of liver condition; GIa (n=11) with Child-Pugh class B and GIb (n=13) with early ...
Piatt Joseph H JH - - 2007
OBJECT: The authors undertook the present study to estimate the number of operations that patients with hydrocephalus will require within 10 years of diagnosis based on published survival data for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunts. METHODS: Survival data for CSF shunts from several previously published sources were formatted as life tables ...
Seike Masahiro - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Malignant ascites in patients with advanced cancer is often difficult to treat and effective palliation is not achieved. METHODS: We performed peritoneovenous shunt (PVS) placement in patients with malignant ascites, who were admitted to our institution between January 2000 and March 2005. The outcome of PVS placement was compared ...
Sadamori Hiroshi - - 2008
We investigated the outcome of living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) with prior spontaneous large portasystemic shunts. Thirty-three patients of 155 patients (21.2%) undergoing LDLT had spontaneous large portasystemic shunts. Portal venous hemodynamics, surgical procedures for shunts, and morbidity and mortality rates were investigated in three types of shunts: splenorenal shunt ...
Shim Kyu-Won - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We analyzed a series of consecutive hydrocephalic infants treated with implantation of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) and endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) simultaneously. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1995 and 2006, we treated the 111 hydrocephalic infants. Among those patients, 31 infants underwent VPS and ETV simultaneously, and 45 patients underwent ...
Colombato Luis - - 2007
Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is an interventional radiology technique that has shown a 90% success rate to decompress the portal circulation. As a non-surgical intervention, without requirement for anesthesia and very low procedure-related mortality, TIPS is applicable to severe cirrhotic patients, who are otherwise untreatable, for example, nonsurgical candidates. ...
Graham Eric M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To describe the incidence of QRS prolongation, intraventricular conduction delay (IVCD), and presence of ventricular arrhythmias in patients undergoing the Norwood procedure with subsequent superior cavopulmonary anastomosis. Differences between the modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (BTS) and the right ventricle to pulmonary artery shunt (RV-PA) on these variables were investigated. METHODS: ...
Sundaram K - - 2007
Our aim was to assess whether the Commission for Health Improvement Performance Indicator value of 0.5% of cancellations on the day of operation or less had been achieved. We reviewed 912 consecutive elective operations, both day case and inpatient over an 8-month period (January-August 2003). A total of 117 procedures ...
Merzoug Valérie - - 2008
Dural sinus malformations (DSM) are rare malformations mainly reported after birth. The objectives of this study are to describe their prenatal patterns and to focus on their possible favorable outcome. This multicenter retrospective study reported 13 cases of DSM prenatally diagnosed. The admission criterion was a dural mass posterior to ...
Mamada Yasuhiro - - 2007
Malignant ascites may produce a cluster of symptoms that include abdominal distention, early satiety, respiratory embarrassment, impaired mobility, and lethargy, and relief of these symptoms is often difficult to achieve. We report on the placement of peritoneovenous shunts (PVSs) in a group of patients with malignant ascites, with particular reference ...
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