Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1093
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Woodworth Graeme F - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Because of the difficulty in distinguishing idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) from other neurodegenerative conditions unrelated to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) dynamics, response to CSF shunting remains highly variable. We examined the utility of CSF drainage and CSF pressure (Pcsf) dynamics in predicting response to CSF shunting for patients with ...
Kharkar Siddharth - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Shunt patency studies are performed to determine whether shunt revision surgery is needed in malfunctioned ventriculoperitoneal shunt. The aim of our study was to develop a simple diagnostic algorithm in the diagnostic workup and identify factors associated with improvement after revision surgery. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with ...
Chen Lei - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is technically divided into TIPS through the left branch of the portal vein (TIPS-LBPV) and TIPS through the right branch of the portal vein (TIPS-RBPV). In order to compare their advantages and disadvantages, this randomized, controlled trial was designed to investigate their outcomes ...
Hannan Robert L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We report a single-institution experience using a collaborative surgical and catheter-based approach to the initial treatment of pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of all neonates admitted with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum from 1996 to March 2007. RESULTS: We identified 24 ...
Karwa Rakhi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To review studies evaluating the use of midodrine and octreotide in hemodynamic complications of cirrhosis, including ascites and hepatorenal syndrome. DATA SOURCES: Searches of MEDLINE (1966-September 2008) and EMBASE (1974-September 2008) were conducted using the terms midodrine, octreotide, hepatorenal syndrome, ascites, cirrhosis, and paracentesis-induced circulatory dysfunction. Literature review was ...
Farahmand D - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to prospectively study perioperative variables associated with revision after shunt surgery for adult hydrocephalus. METHODS: Two protocols were designed to prospectively study perioperative risk factors during shunt insertion. Over 10 years (1995-2004), 450 adult (age >16 years) patients with first time shunt implantations ...
Trinkmann F - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cardiac output (CO) is an important cardiac parameter, however its determination is difficult in clinical routine. Non-invasive inert gas rebreathing (IGR) measurements yielded promising results in recent studies. It directly measures pulmonary blood flow (PBF) which equals CO in absence of significant pulmonary shunt flow (Q(S)). A reliable shunt ...
Massimi Luca - - 2009
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the changing epidemiology of paediatric hydrocephalus over the past three decades in a single institution. METHODS: All children treated for newly diagnosed hydrocephalus during the 1985-1990 (group A) and the 2000-2005 periods (group B) were enrolled and classified according to the ...
Krebs-Schmitt D - - 2009
Portal vein thrombosis can occur as a result of primary anomalies, after liver transplantation, and for other reasons. It may result in severe complications secondary to portal hypertension, such as bleeding from esophageal or gastric varices, hypersplenism, or impaired somatic growth. In this retrospective study, we analyzed the outcome of ...
Rigatelli Gianluca - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) improves the safety and effectiveness of transcatheter device-based closure of interatrial shunts, but the impact of this technique on midterm follow-up is unknown. We sought to prospectively evaluate midterm follow-up results of ICE-aided transcatheter closure of interatrial shunts in adults. METHODS: ...
Aghakhani Nozar - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the long-term outcome of surgically treated Chiari-related syringomyelia. METHODS: The medical charts of 157 consecutive surgically treated patients with Chiari-related syringomyelia were retrospectively analyzed. Factors predicting outcome, either clinical or radiological, are discussed, and our results are compared with those of other large series in the literature. ...
Lee Inn-Chi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The incidence of neonatal intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) does not decrease even after using a surfactant and advanced intensive care. Posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) is major complication after IVH. The roles of the ventricuLoperitoneal (VP) shunt and the prognostic factors of neurodevelopmental outcomes in infants with PHH remain controversial. We compared ...
Tomita Hideshi - - 2009
Transcatheter occlusion of infantile patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) challenges the interventionist. To analyze the risk factors for adverse events from this procedure in patients younger than 12 months. We retrospectively analyzed data on 32 patients younger than 12 months in whom transcatheter coil occlusion of a PDA was attempted. Ages ...
Lim T S - - 2009
Selected normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) patients cannot be treated by shunt operation because of the procedure's high complication rate. We have treated cases in which prolonged clinical improvement of NPH was experienced after one or two lumbar punctures (LPs). We evaluated the predictors of prolonged improvement of NPH symptoms by ...
Thalheimer Ulrich - - 2009
PURPOSE: Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) has been reported superior to large-volume paracentesis for refractory ascites, but post-TIPS encephalopathy is a major complication. We intended to assess the outcome of limited diameter TIPS on ascites control, mortality, and encephalopathy in patients with refractory ascites at our centre. METHODS: TIPS was ...
Rahme Ralph - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) has gained wide popularity as a first-line treatment for obstructive hydrocephalus (OHC). We have been performing ETV since 1998. We report our experience with this technique in the management of OHC. METHODS: Between 1998 and 2007, we performed 49 ETV procedures in 46 patients suffering ...
Pinto Fernando Campos Gomes - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To present a protocol of immediate surgical repair of myelomeningocele (MMC) after birth ('time zero') and compare this surgical outcome with the surgery performed after the newborn's admission to the nursery before the operation. METHODS: Data from the medical files of 31 patients with MMC that underwent surgery after ...
Abuhamed Mutasem M - - 2009
We present a patient with hydrocephalus after tuberculous meningitis successfully treated with urokinase. She presented with multiple episodes of headache, fever, and vomiting. She underwent external ventricular drainage and was treated with urokinase in addition to dexamethasone, acetazolamide, and 4 antituberculous drugs. She was evaluated clinically, radiologically, and by laboratory ...
Erşahin Yusuf - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Quadrigeminal cistern arachnoid cysts are rare lesions, accounting for 5% to 10% of all intracranial arachnoid cysts and 9% of all supratentorial localizations. We reviewed the patients with quadrigeminal arachnoid cyst (QAC) who were treated with neuroendoscopic intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen patients with QAC had been operated on ...
Warf Benjamin C - - 2008
OBJECT: Shunt dependence is more dangerous for children in less developed countries. Combining endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) with choroid plexus cauterization (CPC) was previously shown to treat hydrocephalus more effectively than ETV alone in infants < 1 year of age. The goal of this prospective study was to evaluate the ...
Orme Nicholas M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Some patients with congenital heart disease and irreversible plexogenic pulmonary arteriopathy survive into adulthood. The purpose of this study was to compare histopathological and antigen expression patterns in adults and children with congenital heart disease and plexogenic pulmonary arteriopathy. METHODS: Autopsy/explant lung tissues from 25 patients with congenital heart ...
Zhang Jiqing - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hydrocephalus provides challenging management decisions because of multiple VP shunt failures. Ventriculoperitoneal shunt failure requires urgent management and surgical intervention. We reviewed the outcome of 6 patients who received a conversion from VP to IVA shunt with 8F percutaneous catheter introducer set after previous multiple VP failures to evaluate ...
Caspi Joseph - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The Norwood-Sano procedure for hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) has been associated with improved postoperative hemodynamics and outcome. This study compared the effect of a Blalock-Taussig shunt with right ventricular-pulmonary artery (RV-PA) conduit before bidirectional Glenn on the development of the PAs. METHODS: Between January 2000 and June 2007, ...
Silvilairat Suchaya - - 2008
Clinical characteristics, echocardiographic values, and catheterization data of 45 patients with a functional univentricular heart who had a bidirectional Glenn shunt instituted between November 1994 and October 2006 were retrospectively reviewed. Median age at operation was 20 months (range, 9 months to 19 years). Median follow-up time after the bidirectional ...
Luermans J G L M - - 2008
Percutaneous patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure seems to reduce the risk of recurrent thromboembolism. We report the safety and efficacy of percutaneous PFO closure in our centre. All patients, >16 years of age, who underwent a percutaneous PFO closure in our centre were included. Reoccurrence of stroke, transient ischaemic attack ...
Jesurum Jill T - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Comparison was performed between unilateral and bilateral power M-mode transcranial Doppler to detect right-to-left circulatory shunt (RLS). METHODS: Recorded Doppler data from 87 patients with confirmed RLS referred for transcatheter closure of patent foramen ovale were reanalyzed for embolic tracks (ET) counted from left and right temporal ...
Emmiler Mustafa - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate whether surgical intracoronary shunt protects myocardium in patients with moderate left ventricular dysfunction (MLVD). METHODS: Thirty-nine patients consisted the shunt group and 43 patients consisted the shuntless group. Troponin I, CK, and CK-MB were measured preoperatively, and at 6 and 24h postoperatively. Cardiac enzymes, rate ...
Riggio Oliviero - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the incidence, natural history, and risk factors of hepatic encephalopathy (HE) after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) with the new polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)-covered stent grafts in cirrhotic patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy-eight cirrhotic patients treated by TIPS with PTFE-covered stent ...
Spies Christian - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure can be performed with various devices. However, their handling, safety, presence of residual shunt and impact on recurrent thromboembolic events (TEs) are rarely compared with one another. Our goal was to compare the clinical performance of contemporary devices designed for PFO closure. METHODS: ...
Morota Nobuhito - - 2008
OBJECT: Postnatal improvement in Chiari malformation type II (CM-II) following surgical repair of myelomeningocele was evaluated. METHODS: The authors reviewed data obtained in 20 cases in which patients underwent postnatal myelomeningocele repair within the first 48 hours after birth between October 2002 and September 2006. In 14 patients (Group 1), ...
Descottes Bernard - - 2008
Despite the introduction of new procedures such as pharmacologic reduction of portal pressure and endoscopic sclerotherapy, the role of surgery in portal hypertension must be reconsidered. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the long-term results of mesocaval interposition shunting in the treatment of recurrent variceal bleeding after ...
Kahrom Mahdi - - 2008
There is a significant rate of residual or recurrent ductal patency after video-assisted thoracoscopic closure of patent ductus arteriosus. Between February 2000 and October 2004, this procedure was carried out on 145 consecutive patients in whom heart sounds were monitored intraoperatively with an esophageal stethoscope. Changes in continuous cardiac murmurs ...
Krishnan Usha - - 2008
Chronic lung disease (CLD) is often complicated by chronic pulmonary vascular changes and pulmonary hypertension (PH) in young children. Current therapies for severe PH in such patients, including oxygen, inhaled nitric oxide, and parenteral prostacyclin, are often suboptimal, cumbersome, and expensive. Recently, oral endothelin receptor blockers and phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors have ...
Scheurer Mark A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether the type of shunt used at stage one palliation (S1P) affected the survival and the perioperative course through Fontan completion. BACKGROUND: Although improved surgical and interstage survival have been demonstrated with the use of the right ventricle to pulmonary artery (RV-PA) conduit compared with ...
Ishikawa Yoshinori - - 2008
Refractory hepatic encephalopathy (HE) frequently develops in patients with cirrhosis and portal-systemic shunt. Recently, patients with refractory HE associated with portal-systemic shunt have been treated with interventional radiology. We describe a promising new treatment for portal-systemic shunt, ligation of the patent paraumbilical vein (PUV) after partial splenic embolization, in patients ...
Hayhurst Caroline - - 2008
OBJECT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) in patients with Chiari malformation Type I (CM-I) and hydrocephalus with or without syringomyelia. METHODS: The authors identified, in a prospective endoscopy database, 16 adults and children (age range 2-68 years) with CM-I and ...
Hertel F - - 2008
OBJECT: In spite of the development of approximately 200 different shunt systems within the last 50 years, overdrainage and valve obstructions are still major problems in the current treatment of hydrocephalus. In 1994, a new gravitational valve with different opening pressures (depending upon the patient's posture) and a big contact ...
Bakoyiannis C N - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate if there is a possible relation between the size of endoluminal shunt, in carotid endarterectomy (CEA), and the risk of postoperative hyperperfusion syndrome. METHODS: We retrospectively studied prospectively collected data from 156 patients, who were subjected to CEA using shunting and ...
Sufianov A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The authors review their experience of the TV-controlled endoscopic technique in the treatment of shunt malfunction in 28 patients suffering from hydrocephalus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We treated 28 patients (6.6+/-1.2 years) with shunt malfunctions by a neuroendoscopic procedure. The number of reimplantations of the shunt systems prior to the ...
Thanopoulos Basil Vasilios D - - 2008
The transcatheter closure of certain types of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) remains a challenge. The investigators report initial clinical experience with 25 patients who underwent PDA occlusion with the use of a swivel-disk device (SDD) or a plug occluder (PO). The patients were divided into 2 groups: in the SDD ...
Gulati S P - - 2008
25 patients of bronchial asthma with chronic sinusitis were operated with the aim to evaluate the efficacy of functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) on asthma symptoms. The mean postoperative daytime asthma symptom scores, nocturnal asthma symptom scores, mean postoperative nocturnal awakening scores and number of asthma attacks reduced significantly (p<0.001). ...
Maleux, Geert
Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt is a valuable procedure to manage severe portal hypertension-related complications, but this interventional procedure still has some major shortcomings. Shunt dysfunction is the most frequent limitation and can lead to life threatening complications of portal hypertension such as variceal re-bleeding and development of refractory ascites. Another ...
Erşahin Yusuf - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Arachnoid cysts constitute 1% of all intracranial mass lesions not resulting from trauma. Suprasellar arachnoid cysts (SACs) are uncommon. Obstructive hydrocephalus is the most common cause of initial symptoms and occurs in almost 90% of the patients with suprasellar arachnoid cyst. We report on 17 patients with suprasellar arachnoid ...
Torres A - - 2008
Intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) is associated with a poor outcome. Simple external ventricular drainage has not modified the high morbidity and mortality of these patients. Our objective was to review our experience using intraventricular urokinase (UK) in treating patients with moderate to severe IVH. Prospective analysis of medical records of 14 ...
Aldana Philipp R - - 2008
OBJECT: The authors report a clinical protocol for the application of ventriculogallbladder (VGB) shunts in children who may be unable to maintain or receive ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts. METHODS: Eighteen patients underwent placement of VGB shunts as an alternative to VP shunt therapy for the following reasons: malfunction of the VP ...
Nejat Farideh - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Shunt infection represents a particularly morbid condition, which can also result in mortality. In order to decrease the high morbidity and mortality rates, prevention is an essential step. The purpose of this study was to compare the prophylactic use of ceftriaxone and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (SXT) for the prevention ...
Zeidan S - - 2008
The purpose of this retrospective review of the charts of 6 children who underwent surgical treatment of chylous ascites refractory to conservative measures between 1993 and 2006 was to evaluate the efficiency of fibrin glue application for control of lymph leakage. Five children had postoperative chylous ascites (neuroblastoma, 4; cystic ...
Pujari S - - 2008
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the long-term clinical course and management of patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) treated by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunting. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records of 55 patients diagnosed with idiopathic NPH (INPH) and treated with CSF shunts, all of whom were followed for more than ...
Bone I - - 2008
BACKGROUND, PURPOSE AND METHODS: This observational study assessed the effect of continuous intraventricular infusion of pentosan polysulphate (PPS) in seven patients at different clinical centres in the UK. Complications of intraventricular catheterization were frequent. PPS was well-tolerated over a wide dose range (11-110 microg/kg/day) during the 6-month study. Four patients ...
Onal Bulent - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of contralateral patent processus vaginalis discovered at laparoscopy in patients presenting with a unilateral nonpalpable testis. METHODS: From August 1997 through February 2006, 159 boys underwent laparoscopic exploration for a unilateral nonpalpable testis. The data were retrospectively reviewed to determine the incidence of contralateral patency, ...
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