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Lundkvist B - - 2011
Lundkvist B, Koskinen L-OD, Birgander R, Eklund A, Malm J. Cerebrospinal fluid dynamics and long-term survival of the Strata(®) valve in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. Acta Neurol Scand: 2011: 124: 115-121. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Objective -  Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) dynamics and long-term shunt survival of the ...
Saguner Ardan M - - 2011
Background: Percutaneous closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) has been shown safe and feasible using several devices. The Occlutech Figulla single layer PFO Occluder (FPO) constitutes an alternative to the Amplatzer PFO Occluder (APFO). Objectives: We report our experience with both devices in a single-center case-control study. Methods: Twenty patients ...
Kulkarni Abhaya V - - 2010
The authors recently developed and internally validated the ETV Success Score (ETVSS)--a simplified means of predicting the 6-month success rate of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) for a child with hydrocephalus, based on age, etiology of hydrocephalus, and presence of a previous shunt. A high ETVSS predicts a high chance of ...
Gathura Esther - - 2010
OBJECT: Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts in Sub-Saharan Africa are traditionally associated with high complication rates and poor outcomes. The aim of this study was to review one large institutional experience with VP shunts, to evaluate the feasibility of shunt insertion procedures with acceptable long-term outcomes in Africa, and to identify factors ...
Van den Branden Ben J - - 2010
The aim of this study was to assess the mid-term safety and efficacy of percutaneous patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure using a bioabsorbable device (BioSTAR, NMT Medical, Boston, Massachusetts). Closure of PFO in patients with cryptogenic stroke has proven to be safe and effective using different types of permanent devices. ...
Van den Branden Ben J - - 2010
To compare the mid-term efficacy and safety of the bioabsorbable BioSTAR(r) device with the non-bioabsorbable CardioSEAL(r) device for percutaneous patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure. All 81 consecutive patients who underwent PFO closure with the CardioSEAL(r) or BioSTAR(r) device between June 2003 and July 2008 were included. The presence of a ...
Kulkarni Abhaya V - - 2010
Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) has preferentially been offered to patients with more favorable prognostic features compared with shunt. To use advanced statistical methods to adjust for treatment selection bias to determine whether ETV survival is superior to shunt survival once the bias of patient-related prognostic factors is removed. An international ...
Schwartz Matthew - - 2010
To describe the use of the Amplatzer vascular plug (plug 1) and Amplatzer vascular plug II (plug 2) in patients with congenital cardiovascular disease (CCVD). Plugs 1 and 2 have recently been made available. We report our experience describing plugs 1 and 2 in patients with CCVD highlighting the versatility ...
Lee Won-Chul - - 2010
Despite rapid evolution of shunt devices, the complication rates remain high. The most common causes are turning from obstruction, infection, and overdrainage into mainly underdrainage. We investigated the incidence of complications in a consecutive series of hydrocephalic patients. From January 2002 to December 2009, 111 patients underwent ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting ...
Sorensen Sherman G - - 2010
Recurrent paradoxical embolism after catheter-based closure of right-to-left shunt (RLS) can be related to residual RLS. To improve closure success, we need a better understanding of the anatomic and device-related factors associated with closure efficacy. Patients with cryptogenic neurologic events and severe RLS (Valsalva Spencer transcranial Doppler [TCD] grade 5/5+) ...
Han Guohong - - 2011
Data on the management of portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in patients with decompensated cirrhosis are extremely limited, particularly in the cases of the transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS). We assessed the outcome of TIPS for PVT in patients with cirrhosis and symptomatic portal hypertension and determined the predictors of technical ...
El-Ghandour Nasser M F - - 2011
This study compares endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) and ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) in the treatment of pediatric patients with marked obstructive hydrocephalus due to midline posterior fossa tumors. Fifty-three pediatric patients with a midline posterior fossa tumor (32 medulloblastomas and 21 ependymomas) associated with marked hydrocephalus were studied. Patients were divided ...
Fischer Dieter - - 2011
Background:  Prevalence of patent foramen ovale (PFO) with detectable right-to-left shunt is higher in young adults with transient ischemic attack (TIA) and stroke compared to the general population. So far, published series included different occluder systems, various indications and regimens of postprocedural anticoagulation. In our experience, occluder systems may be ...
Mirzayan Mohammad Javad - - 2010
Shunt surgery has been established as the only durable and effective treatment for idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. We evaluated the "extended" long-term follow-up (> 5 years) in a prospective study cohort who underwent shunting between 1990 and 1995. A secondary objective was to determine the cause of death in these ...
Kleber Franz-Xaver - - 2010
Though the association of patent foramen ovale with cryptogenic stroke in young patients has been known for 20 years, most interventional closure systems are not specifically designed for PFO closure, but instead are adapted from ASD closure systems. We describe the safety, feasibility and efficacy of transcatheter closure of PFO ...
Toma Ahmed K - - 2010
The lumboperitoneal (LP) shunt with the adjustable PS Medical Strata NSC LP valve and small lumen peritoneal catheter was introduced in the authors' unit in 2007. The object of this study was to audit the unit's experience with this new shunt system. The authors performed a retrospective review of the ...
Orloff Marshall J - - 2010
Emergency treatment of bleeding esophageal varices in cirrhosis is of singular importance because of the high mortality rate. Emergency portacaval shunt is rarely used today because of the belief, unsubstantiated by long-term randomized trials, that it causes frequent portal-systemic encephalopathy and liver failure. Consequently, portacaval shunt has been relegated solely ...
Narahara Yoshiyuki - - 2011
Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) has recently been reported to be effective in the treatment of cirrhotic patients with refractory ascites. However, the clinical utility of TIPS in the subset of refractory ascitic patients with good hepatic and renal function is uncertain. The aim of this study was to compare ...
Udayakumaran Suhas - - 2010
Despite the existence of wide variety of shunt systems, physiological regulation of intracranial pressure in shunted patients remains a utopian dream. Lumboperitoneal shunts (LPS) have long been used for treating idiopathic intracranial hypertension and other types of "communicating" hydrocephalus. Although they can provide rapid and effective symptom resolution, cerebrospinal fluid ...
Anile Carmelo - - 2010
OBJECT: The ability to predict outcome after shunt placement in patients with idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) represents a challenge. To date, no single diagnostic tool or combination of tools has proved capable of reliably predicting whether the condition of a patient with suspected NPH will improve after a shunting procedure. ...
Oluigbo Chima O - - 2010
OBJECT The role of thecoperitoneal shunts in the management of syringomyelia is not well defined. In this study, the authors analyze the outcome of lumboperitoneal shunt procedures carried out to treat syringomyelia in their institution. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 19 patients who underwent lumboperitoneal shunt ...
Wachtel Lee E - - 2010
We report on the successful use of electroconvulsive therapy in a 13-year-old boy with congenital hydrocephalus, a history of multiple shunt revisions, and a stable prepontine arachnoid cyst, who experienced profound catatonic deterioration. After initial shunt placement at age 20 months, the patient had followed normal motor, cognitive, and social ...
Graham Eric M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A modification to the Norwood procedure involving a right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery (RV-PA) shunt may improve early postoperative outcomes. Concerns remain about the effect of the right ventriculotomy required with this shunt on long-term ventricular function. METHODS: Between January 2000 and April 2005, 76 patients underwent the Norwood procedure, 35 ...
Diaz Tulio - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Moderate-to-large residual shunts following percutaneous patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure are clinically important and associated with recurrent neuroembolic events. However, their management has not been clearly established in clinical practice. We report our experience in patients of these patients with a prior history of cryptogenic stroke and/or transient ischemic ...
Kulkarni Abhaya V - - 2010
OBJECT: Quality of life (QOL) studies comparing treatment with endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) and CSF shunting are very limited. The authors compared QOL outcomes following these 2 treatments in a large cohort of children with hydrocephalus by using multivariable statistical techniques to adjust for possible confounder variables. METHODS: The families ...
Maleux G - - 2010
Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is an accepted interventional technique to treat refractory ascites in cirrhotic patients with severe portal hypertension. The expanded-polytetrafluoroethylene (e-PTFE) covered stent-graft (cs-TIPS) gives a better shunt patency rate than uncovered stents (ncs-TIPS). Our aim was to retrospectively evaluate whether cs-TIPS indeed improves refractory ascites and ...
Khan Rizwan A - - 2010
The use of ventriculo-peritoneal shunts having antisiphon device has been reported in adult patients, but there is a dearth of experience with such shunts in pediatric age group. This study is being undertaken to compare the effectiveness of these types of shunt for the treatment of congenital hydrocephalus. Forty patients ...
Fanelli Fabrizio - - 2011
We assessed, in a prospective study, the efficacy of multidetector spiral computed tomography (MDCT) in the evaluation of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) patency in patients treated with the Viatorr (Gore, Flagstaff, AZ) expanded-polytetrafluoroethylene (e-PTFE)-covered stent-graft. Eighty patients who underwent TIPS procedure using the Viatorr self-expanding e-PTFE stent-graft were evaluated ...
Kumamoto Masafumi - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: It is well known that a large portosystemic shunt develops during portal hypertension. In this study, we studied the long-term effects of a large splenorenal shunt (SRS) on liver function and survival. METHODS: The subjects were divided into three groups: an SRS (-) group consisting of cirrhotic ...
Aghakhani Nozar - - 2010
The present study evaluates the effectiveness of 2 surgical procedures, shunting and untethering, for posttraumatic syringomyelia. We retrospectively reviewed the medical charts of all surgical patients with posttraumatic syringomyelia in our department. Shunting was performed before 1997; after 1997, we used arachnoidolysis and untethering. Shunting was performed in 15 patients, ...
Fabiano Andrew J - - 2010
To describe 2 cases of delayed endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) failure in 2 adult patients initially successfully treated for normal pressure hydrocephalus by ETV. The cause of ETV failure was stoma closure, and this was documented in both instances by direct endoscopic inspection. In the first case, a 67-year-old woman ...
Kochar Narendra - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Infection of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent shunt (TIPSS) called 'Tipsitis' has been reported but appears unusual. We report here our experience of patients who were diagnosed to have Tipsitis at our centre. METHODS: Retrospective single centre study. Patients identified from a dedicated data base. Patients with TIPSS with otherwise ...
Kohan Emil - - 2010
Hydrocephalic macrocephaly is a rare problem that may result in cranial vault instability, difficulties with posture and movement, and hindrance in neurological development. The authors studied the outcomes of hydrocephalic macrocephalic cases in which patients underwent single-stage total cranial vault remodeling and postoperative helmet therapy. Consecutive patients with hydrocephalic macrocephaly ...
Ganigara Madhusudan - - 2010
The outcomes of 33 consecutive extracardiac Fontan operations performed between 1999 and 2008 in patients who mostly had initial Glenn shunts beyond infancy were reviewed. Preoperatively, the median oxygen saturation was 76.2% and mean pulmonary artery pressure was 10.5 mm Hg. The median age was 4.1 years at Glenn shunt ...
Surash Surash - - 2010
Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) has gained favour as an effective treatment for obstructive hydrocephalus. However, the timing of ETV failure and the long-term efficacy of revision ETV remain poorly documented. A retrospective review was performed of patients undergoing revision ETV between 1999 and 2007. Only those patients in whom there ...
Wong Florence - - 2010
Cirrhotic patients with recurrent ascites frequently require paracentesis despite diuretic therapy. Vasopressin receptor antagonists, by increasing free water clearance, may reduce the recurrence of ascites. To investigate the effects of the addition of a vasopressin V(2) receptor antagonist, satavaptan, to 100mg spironolactone on ascites recurrence after a large volume paracentesis ...
Pavcnik Dusan - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility, effectiveness, and safety of a porcine small intestinal submucosa (SIS)-covered Biodisk (BD) for the closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) in swine. METHODS: Twelve piglets (9-30 kg) with PFO ranging in size from 6 to 12 mm were used for the in vivo testing. The ...
Kang Dong-Hun - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the outcome of early shunt placement in patients with poor-grade subarachnoid hemorrhage and the effect of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and high proteinaceous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) on subsequent shunt performance. METHODS: This study included 33 consecutive patients with initial Fisher grade (3/4) subarachnoid hemorrhage who had undergone ...
Yilmaz Adem - - 2010
OBJECT: The emergence of multidrug-resistant bacteria as a cause of ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt infection is a disconcerting phenomenon that often requires the use of alternative antimicrobial agents due to resistance against commonly used medications. Linezolid, a member of a new class of antimicrobial agents, has good activity against virtually all ...
Choi Deok Young - - 2010
Percutaneous occlusion of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) has become increasingly attractive with the evolution of devices and techniques. We reviewed results for percutaneous occlusion of PDA using various devices in a single center. A retrospective review was done for 118 consecutive procedures performed in 111 patients with PDA between January ...
Margaron Franklin C - - 2010
In Western medical centers, emphasis has been placed on simultaneous myelomeningocele closure and ventriculoperitoneal shunting for children with spina bifida (SB) and co-morbid hydrocephalus (HC). This is not practical in developing countries where patients present in a delayed fashion, many with open, dirty myelomeningoceles. The purpose of this study was ...
Hayhurst Caroline - - 2010
As many as 40% of shunts fail in the first year, mainly due to proximal obstruction. The role of catheter position on failure rates has not been clearly demonstrated. The authors conducted a prospective cohort study of navigated shunt placement compared with standard blind shunt placement at 3 European centers ...
Lange Marcos Christiano - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patent foramen ovale (PFO) can be diagnosed by contrast-enhanced transcranial Doppler (cTCD), but no definitive criteria exist to correlate the results obtained from cTCD with diagnoses of PFO obtained by contrast-enhanced transesophageal echocardiography (cTEE). The aim of the present study was to analyze markers in the positive ...
Sufianov Albert A - - 2010
OBJECT: The object of this study was to analyze the outcome of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) in patients under 2 years of age and investigate factors related to ETV success or failure in this patient population. METHODS: The authors reviewed their experience in using endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) in the ...
Meerkin David - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The recently released Amplatzer Ductal Occluder 2 (ADO2) was designed specifically for use in small children with moderate-sized shunts and larger children with small patent ductus arterioses (PDA). We report our initial experience with this device. METHODS: Patients referred with PDA underwent occlusion using the ADO2. This is a ...
Marton Elisabetta - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the mid-term results, success rates, and time-to-failure of secondary endoscopic third ventriculostomy (secondary ETV), as well as the complex management of preoperative and postoperative cares. METHODS: To this purpose, a retrospective analysis of a pediatric population of 22 children who underwent ...
Wu Xingjiang - - 2010
To compare retrospectively the clinical outcomes in patients treated with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) using the novel polytetrafluoroethylene-covered stents (Fluency) and bare stents. Sixty consecutive patients with portal hypertension treated with TIPS from April 2007 to April 2009 were included. TIPS creation was performed with Fluency stent grafts in ...
Malheiros José Augusto - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively evaluate the results of endoscopic choroid plexus cauterization (ECPC) and ventriculoperitoneal shunts (VPSs) in infants with hydranencephaly or near hydranencephaly. METHODS: We prospectively collected clinical data from all untreated hydranencephalic and near hydranencephalic children from October 2006 to March 2008. All patients treated were randomly divided into ...
Sprung Christian - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability of the gravitation-assisted adjustable proGAV shunt system with a prospective multicenter study conducted in 10 German hospitals. METHODS: Enrollment for this observational study began in April 2005 and concluded in February 2006. The protocol required re-examinations 3 and 6 months postoperatively and fixed the endpoint ...
Peynircio─člu Bora - - 2010
PURPOSE: Radioembolization with yttrium-90 microsphere (Y-90) therapy with SIR-Spheres (Sirtex Medical, Lane Cove, Australia) was approved by the Turkish Ministry of Health in April 2008. In this study, we present the preliminary experience at a tertiary care center with early follow-up results of Y-90 therapy, as well as a review ...
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