Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1093
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Osaki S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Bronchial artery embolization (BAE) is a well-accepted and widely used treatment modality for the management of massive and recurrent hemoptysis. However, few reports have previously investigated the long-term results. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prognosis of patients with hemoptysis who had undergone BAE. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with hemoptysis underwent BAE. ...
Tisell M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term efficacy of third ventriculostomies for adult patients with hydrocephalus caused by primary aqueductal stenosis. METHODS: Eighteen of 64 patients who underwent endoscopic third ventriculostomies (ETVs) between June 1991 and July 1995 were treated because of primary aqueductal stenosis. All of these patients accepted follow-up investigations, ...
LeBlanc J G - - 2000
The treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) has evolved over the years. We reviewed 231 non-premature children (group 1) undergoing surgical closure of a PDA between January 1985 and December 1997, and 30 children (group 2) undergoing transcatheter closure from May 1995 to December 1998. The median age and weight ...
Janorkar S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: This report describes the long-term follow-up of transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) with 2 different modalities in 123 patients of diverse ages. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between October 1990 and August 1997, 123 patients underwent transcatheter PDA (1.9 to 7.5 mm) closure at a mean age of 6.8 ...
Schaller B - - 1999
This retrospective study of 12 patients with syringomyelia related to spinal cord trauma with paraplegia or tetraplegia and secondary progressive neurologic deficits was conducted to evaluate various surgical treatments. Judging by the results of postoperative neuroradiologic examinations, 75% had incomplete reduction of the spinal fracture at the time of initial ...
Pollack I F - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: A multicenter prospective randomized controlled study was performed to assess the safety and efficacy of a Codman Hakim programmable shunt valve (Codman/Johnson & Johnson, Raynham, MA) versus a conventional valve system of the surgeon's choice for the treatment of patients with hydrocephalus. METHODS: Enrollment was stratified on the basis ...
Khowsathit P - - 1999
Transcatheter occlusion with Gianturco coils has become the treatment of choice for small patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Coil occlusion was attempted in 20 patients with ductus diameter less than 4 mm who did not require other cardiac surgery. Sixteen of 20 patients had successful implantation. The mean age was 4.2 ...
Sheehan J P - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Associations among various factors and the occurrence of hydrocephalus after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) were evaluated retrospectively in 897 patients enrolled in the North American study of tirilazad mesylate. METHODS: Patients were assessed for hydrocephalus in a blinded fashion. Assessment of hydrocephalus was made on the basis of 3-month ...
Tulipan N - - 1999
BACKGROUND: It has been postulated that intrauterine myelomeningocele repair might improve neurologic outcome in patients with myelomeningocele. A total of 59 such procedures have been performed at Vanderbilt University. Preliminary results suggested that the degree of hindbrain herniation is reduced by intrauterine repair. In an attempt to further quantify the ...
Knechtle S J - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Since the advent of liver transplantation and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS), the role of surgical portosystemic shunts in the treatment of portal hypertension has changed. However, we have continued to use portosystemic shunts in patients with noncirrhotic portal hypertension and in patients with Child's A cirrhosis. METHODS: We ...
Klinge P M - - 1999
OBJECT: In this study the authors use positron emission tomography (PET) to investigate cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebrovascular reserve (CVR) in chronic hydrocephalus. METHODS: Ten patients whose mean age was 67 +/- 10 years (mean +/- standard deviation [SD]) were compared with 10 healthy volunteers who were 25 +/- ...
Tomasello F - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of chronic hydrocephalus requiring cerebrospinal fluid shunting was analyzed for a prospective series of 52 consecutive patients with ruptured cerebral aneurysms who underwent fenestration of the lamina terminalis during early microsurgical aneurysm repair. We hypothesized that, by creating an anterior ventriculocisternostomy, fenestration of the lamina terminalis would ...
Wolff A B - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Traditional therapy for refractory chylothorax in the pediatric population has included pleurodesis and thoracic duct ligation. These procedures are associated with high morbidity and questionable success rates. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our experience with 15 patients who underwent treatment for chylous effusions using pleuroperitoneal shunts with exteriorized pump chambers. ...
Tan E K - - 1999
Few studies have evaluated culture positive tuberculous meningitis (TBM) as a group. We evaluated certain clinical factors in culture positive TBM which could be associated with a poorer outcome. Out of 40 consecutive TBM patients seen over a period of 4 years in a tertiary referral hospital, 18 culture positive ...
Miura H - - 1999
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Though the distal splenorenal shunt has been applied for gastroesophageal varices caused by liver cirrhosis, many patients develop secondary hypersplenism due to the portal hypertension following liver cirrhosis. We examined whether this operation could be effective for alleviating secondary hypersplenism for a long post-operative period. The subjects were 42 ...
Patel H T - - 1999
Coil closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) has become an accepted alternative to surgical closure in most pediatric cardiac centers. However, little is known about the mid-to long-term outcome of this procedure. Therefore, we evaluated the immediate, short-, and long-term outcome of transcatheter coil closure (TCC) of PDA using single ...
Pinto K - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To examine the incidence of postoperative ventriculoperitoneal shunt infections in patients after augmentation cystoplasty. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 21 patients with a ventriculoperitoneal shunt who had bladder augmentation (18 ileal and 3 ileocecal) with attention to the preoperative urine culture, perioperative antibiotics, and the length of ...
Murthy K S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: It is a prospective study to assess the results of median sternotomy, single stage complete unifocalization and repair for ventricular septal defect (VSD), pulmonary atresia and major aorto pulmonary collateral arteries (MAPCAs). METHODS: From June 97 to August 98, 20 patients were treated with single stage complete unifocalization and ...
Pedra C A - - 1999
PURPOSE: To assess the results of reocclusion procedures for late residual shunts after transcatheter closure of the patent ductus arteriosus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Nineteen patients underwent reocclusion procedures either with Rashkind technique (2 patients) or with coils. Mean age was 96.5 months and mean interval between the initial and the ...
Albright A L - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the outcomes of five commonly performed pediatric neurosurgical operations: 1) initial shunt insertion; 2) first shunt revision; 3) craniotomy for brain tumor; 4) correction of sagittal synostosis; and 5) release of tethered cords. A second purpose was to analyze the neurological ...
Zingale A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The infection of the external ventricular drainage (EDV) remains the main morbidity and mortality associated with this procedure, in the setting of the treatment of hydrocephalus and its complications, leading to excess of hospitalization with annual economic burden. METHODS. In this 3-year retrospective study we selected and reviewed the ...
Takahashi Y - - 1999
Multi-stage reduction cranioplasty was performed on two children with severe macrocephaly secondary to hydrocephalus. One patient underwent a four-stage operation, and the other underwent a two-stage operation. The postoperative course of both patients was uneventful. Reduction cranioplasty improved quality of life for both patients, and good cosmetic results were achieved. ...
Akdemir H - - 1999
Open third ventriculostomy (OTV) was performed on 4 infants with noncommunicating hydrocephalus and intractable shunt infections. All patients were resistant or relapsed after treatment with intravenous and intraventricular antibiotics along with change of the shunt apparatus. We performed phase-contrast cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for preoperative and postoperative evaluation of ...
van Leeuwen K - - 1999
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Regression of a cystic adenomatoid malformation (CAM) in a fetus is well described. Little, however, is known about the postnatal course of these infants. This study attempts to correlate the prenatal course of CAMs with postnatal symptoms, radiological manifestations, and need for surgery. METHODS: The clinical course of patients ...
Basili S - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Aim of the study was to investigate the behaviour of clotting system in peripheral circulation of cirrhotic patients undergoing transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent shunt (TIPS). METHODS: Clotting variables and endotoxemia were measured 48 h and 30 days after TIPS in patients randomised to receive heparin or not. ...
Lee M L - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: We wish to present the preliminary result of transarterial occlusion of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) with Gianturco coils in pediatric patients in central Taiwan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We attempted occlusion of PDA with Gianturco coils in a total of 26 consecutive patients, 13 infants and 13 children, 23 female ...
Cinalli G - - 1999
Object. The goal of this study was to analyze the types of failure and long-term efficacy of third ventriculostomy in children. Methods. The authors retrospectively analyzed clinical data obtained in 213 children affected by obstructive triventricular hydrocephalus who were treated by third ventriculostomy between 1973 and 1997. There were 120 ...
Gentilini P - - 1999
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Diuretic treatment of ascites could result in intravascular volume depletion, electrolyte imbalance and renal impairment. We investigated whether intravascular volume expansion with albumin exert beneficial effects in cirrhosis with ascites. METHODS: In protocol 1, 126 cirrhotic inpatients in whom ascites was not relieved following bed rest and a low-sodium ...
Deriu G P - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Shunt insertion during carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is mandatory to avoid neurological damage due to clamping ischemia; however shunt insertion before plaque removal has many inconveniences (atheroembolism, intimal dissection, difficulty of endarterectomy). The aim of this study is to verify whether and how long shunt insertion may be safely delayed ...
Johnston T A - - 1999
The Cook Retrievable Embolization Coil has been designed to improve delivery and positioning during coil embolization of the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). We report our experience with the use of this new technique. Twenty-eight patients underwent coil embolization of a PDA using the retrievable system. The median patient age was ...
Egawa H - - 1999
BACKGROUND: In 320 living related liver transplantation performed between June 1990 and September 1997, there were 21 living related liver transplantation for patients with intrapulmonary shunting, manifested by digital clubbing, cyanosis, and dyspnea. We report the long-term outcome for more 6 months and our strategy to overcome complications in these ...
Krieger M D - - 1999
A wide variety of surgical adjuvants to the standard bony decompression have been advocated in the treatment of the Chiari I malformation, especially when the tonsillar herniation is associated with hydrosyringomyelia. These include various shunting procedures, duroplasty, obex plugging, and resection of the cerebellar tonsils. Our practice has been to ...
Lin C L - - 1999
During a 6-year period, 168 consecutive patients who presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and underwent surgical clipping of aneurysms were reviewed at a follow-up examination from 6 to 77 months (mean 38 months) after the ictus. Acute hydrocephalus was defined when the bicaudate index was greater than the 95th percentile ...
Gruber A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to document the influence of the treatment method (early surgery versus early endovascular treatment) on the development of chronic shunt-dependent hydrocephalus in a series of 242 patients treated within 7 days after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). METHODS: The following parameters were prospectively recorded ...
Buxton N - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of subtemporal decompression (STD) on the frequency of shunt revision and attendances with symptoms of raised intracranial pressure secondary to slit ventricle syndrome and slit ventricle-like syndrome. A renaming of these syndromes as noncompliant ventricle syndrome is suggested. METHOD: A retrospective review of the notes ...
Wong W - - 1999
PURPOSE: The long-term effects of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts on renal sodium excretion are not known. We sought to determine these long-term effects, as well as to measure the effects of a sodium load in patients who are free of ascites. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Ten patients with cirrhosis who had ...
Lawani J - - 1999
The surgical outcome in 66 patients with priapism who presented at the University College Hospital, Ibadan, over a ten-year period was evaluated. Operative procedures carried out included bilateral cavernostomies in 23 patients, caverno-glandular shunts in 11, caverno spongiosal shunt in 18 and caverno-saphenous shunt in 1. Complete detumescence was achieved ...
Rao Y G - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Although several studies have been published on lymphonodovenous shunt, there are no objective data either on the outcome of lymphoedema or on various parameters likely to influence the results. METHODS: A trial of lymphonodovenous shunt was carried out in 75 patients with unilateral filarial lymphoedema. The primary aim of ...
Lee T T - - 1999
INTRODUCTION: A cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt is the primary treatment for most etiologies of hydrocephalus in the pediatric population. Malfunction of the shunt may present with unique symptoms and signs. This retrospective review investigates the presenting signs and symptoms of pediatric patients with shunt malfunction. Clinical MATERIAL AND METHOD: One-hundred-and-thirty ...
Yoshimura N - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The choice of palliative procedure for neonates with congenital cyanotic heart defects remains controversial. Several reports have questioned whether the classic Blalock-Taussig shunt is adequate in neonates, because it shows a high rate of mortality and early shunt failure. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the early ...
Chang C C - - 1999
Mean cerebral blood flow (CBF) of the whole brain was measured in 48 patients who underwent cerebrospinal fluid shunt surgery for normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) by performing first-pass radionuclide angiography using 99Tcm-hexamethylpropylene amine oxime. Patients were divided according to outcome into an 'excellent' improvement group, a 'good' improvement group, a ...
Kestle J - - 1999
INTRODUCTION: An international multicenter randomized trial comparing standard pressure differential valves, Orbis Sigma valves and PS Medical Delta valves, for children with newly diagnosed hydrocephalus failed to show a difference in the time to first shunt failure (power 80%). In order to avoid observer bias, the primary endpoint, shunt failure, ...
Caner H - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Akinetic mutism is a behavioral state wherein a patient seems to be awake but does not move or speak. Several patients are reported to have developed mutism after posterior fossa surgery. We present a patient who developed akinetic mutism after total excision of a choroid plexus papilloma of the ...
Jamjureeruk V - - 1999
One of the important complications of transcatheter occlusion of the patent duct by insertion of either the Rashkind double umbrella or coil devices is intravascular haemolysis, particularly the severe form which occurs in 0.5-0.6% of cases. The incidence of subclinical or mild intravascular haemolysis including morphologic changes in the red ...
Popken G - - 1999
About 20% of patients with erectile dysfunction do not react to intracavernous pharmacological treatment (SKAT) because of a cavernous leak. The first attempt to treat venous insufficiency goes back as far as the beginning of the century. Ligature and resection of the superficial and deep veins of the penis (DPVL) ...
Schräder R - - 1999
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: The authors assess the clinical efficacy of transvenous closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) with a new plug consisting of Ivalon foam and a platinum/iridium frame with four aortic and two pulmonary nitinol struts. The most widely used devices for transcatheter treatment of PDA (Porstmann plug, Rashkind ...
Soukup V M - - 1998
There are relatively few reports that evaluate the cognitive functions of patients with arachnoid cysts. Presumably, these 'silent cysts' are regarded as incidental findings with no functional significance. Although postoperative clinical improvement is well documented in patients with significant reduction in cystic volume, the current report describes a patient who ...
Cinalli G - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of third ventriculostomy as an alternative to shunt revision in the management of shunt malfunction and infection in obstructive hydrocephalus. METHODS: All of the clinical notes of 30 patients treated with third ventriculostomy for malfunctioning or infected shunts between January 1, 1974, and December 31, ...
Nolte W - - 1998
A prospective study of hepatic encephalopathy (HE) including neuropsychiatric and psychometric evaluation, electroencephalography, and determination of arterial ammonia levels was performed in 55 cirrhotic patients treated consecutively by transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS). The cumulative HE rate increased from 23.6% within the 3-month interval before TIPS to 50. 9% within ...
Ozawa H - - 1998
A morphometric magnetic resonance imaging study was performed, and the results were compared among three groups (group 1, periventricular leukomalacia patients with West syndrome; group 2, periventricular leukomalacia patients without West syndrome; and group 3, control patients) to clarify the characteristics and cause of West syndrome. This study included 21 ...
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