Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1109
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Masura Jozef - - 2003
In the present study, we report the initial clinical experience with the new angled Amplatzer duct occluder (ADO) for the percutaneous closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Percutaneous closure of PDA using standard ADO in infants and in patients with small PDA ampulla is difficult, or even impossible, due to ...
Kestle John R W - - 2003
OBJECT: Endoscopically assisted ventricular catheter placement has been reported to reduce shunt failure in uncontrolled series. The authors investigated the efficacy of this procedure in a prospective multicenter randomized trial. METHODS: Children younger than 18 years old who were scheduled for their first ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt placement were randomized to ...
Yilmaz A T - - 2003
AIM: Although the incidence of residual ventricular septal defect (VSD) following surgical therapy in the modern series is very low, especially the risk of hemodynamically insignificant shunt still exists. Intraoperative assessment of residual shunt is useful in identifying patients at risk of having subsequently required reoperation and reintervention for residual ...
Martin Jonathan E - - 2003
The authors performed a retrospective review of clinical data on 60 patients treated with direct heart shunts (DHSs) for hydrocephalus at the Children's National Medical Center from 1976 to 1979. Mean shunt survival was 79 months. Rates of proximal revision and infection were comparable to those in previous shunt series. ...
van Buuren H R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of TIPS (the transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt) into clinical practice in 1989, substantial knowledge, partially derived from controlled trials, has become available regarding technical and clinical aspects of the procedure. A number of prospective studies have assessed the long-term patency of radiological shunts, the recognized main ...
Arbatli Harun - - 2003
Recurrence of ductal patency is a rarely encountered complication in surgical repair of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). An adult patient with ductal recurrency underwent closure of ductus by using cardiopulmonary bypass via transpulmonary approach. She had significant improvement of symptoms and no residual shunt or pseudoneurysm seven months after surgery.
Lo T Y M - - 2003
To determine the long-term risks and benefits of a separate CSF reservoir in the management of 52 children (23 males, 29 females) with shunted hydrocephalus, a retrospective study was performed comparing the use and complications after separate reservoir insertion, with a prereservoir control period. Median age at first shunt insertion ...
Rekate Harold L - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and efficacy of lumboperitoneal (LP) shunts in carefully selected children with abnormalities of the absorption of cerebrospinal fluid. METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging studies, indications for treatment and pre- and postoperative symptoms of 25 patients (mean age 9.6 years) who had undergone LP shunting in the ...
Lee Chi-Hang - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) has been established as a safe and effective treatment for pediatric patients. However, long-term experience in adults remains limited. Therefore, our purpose is to report our experience with this approach in Chinese adults. METHODS: Twenty-five patients (mean age, 34 years) who underwent ...
Shaikh Saad - - 2002
PURPOSE: To determine whether exposure to silicone shunts used in refractory glaucomas increases serum IgG binding to silicone and whether this response is associated with shunt-related complications or poor postoperative intraocular pressure control. METHODS: Sera from 12 patients (13 eyes) who had undergone placement of silicone seton implants were examined ...
Robinson Shenandoah - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Ventriculoperitoneal shunts have one of the highest complication rates of all neurosurgical procedures. The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with malfunction of shunts placed in infants with neonatal hydrocephalus, with the goal of maximizing long-term shunt survival. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of ...
Voci Paolo - - 2002
We describe for the first time transthoracic Doppler ultrasound assessment of coronary flow reserve (CFR) in both the posterior descending (PDA) and left anterior descending (LAD) coronary arteries. CFR (hyperemic/resting diastolic flow velocity ratio) was measured by 90-second intravenous adenosine infusion (140 microg/kg/min). Baseline PDA flow was detected in 62 ...
Ferral Hector - - 2002
PURPOSE: To validate a previously published model to predict the probability of patient death within 3 months after an elective transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) procedure. The model is implemented with use of a nomogram or a formula. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent an elective TIPS procedure between May ...
Kansal Sukesh - - 2002
PURPOSE: To assess patient comfort using combined anterior sub-Tenon's, topical, and intracameral ("Blitz") anesthesia versus retrobulbar anesthesia in glaucoma surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this study, 139 consecutive patients who received retrobulbar anesthesia and 139 consecutive patients who received Blitz anesthesia during glaucoma surgery were evaluated in a prospective fashion. ...
Hausegger Klaus A - - 2003
The aim of this study was to evaluate the healing response to a new commercially available ePTFE-covered stent graft used to create transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) in an animal model with and without intraluminal irradiation. The study was designed for ten domestic normotensive pigs. The TIPS was created using ...
Ong Yew Kwang - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: A review of suppurative intracranial complications of sinusitis in children. METHODS: Case series review over a two-year period from 1998 to 1999 in a children's hospital, Singapore. RESULTS: There were seven cases, all male, and age range 9 to 14. Six had subdural empyemas and one had meningitis. The ...
Soongswang J - - 2002
This study was conducted to assess the use of the serum cardiac troponin T (cTnT) level as a noninvasive indicator to differentiate acute myocarditis and chronic dilated cardiomyopathy in pediatric patients. Myocarditis and dilated cardiomyopathy are clinically difficult to differentiate. Endomyocardial biopsy proved to be quite useful. However, the nature ...
Martín Francisco - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous transcatheter closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) is used as an alternative to surgery or long-term anticoagulation for the treatment of patients with paradoxical embolism and PFO. METHODS AND RESULTS: We report the immediate and long-term clinical and echocardiographic outcome of 110 consecutive patients (58 males, mean age ...
Quinn Stephen F - - 2002
PURPOSE: To present preliminary results of an inferior vena cava (IVC)-to-portal vein shunt (PIPS) that is created through the caudate lobe of the liver. METHODS: Sixteen patients (13 men; mean age 50 years, range 32-63) were referred for PIPS procedures because of bleeding varices (n = 11), intractable ascites (n ...
Kiefer M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Gravitational shunts for management of chronic hydrocephalus are supposed to avoid or at least to reduce the risk of overdrainage. In order to find out if this hypothesis is correct, we did a prospective study and analysed the results of a series of 185 hydrocephalic adults, treated by using ...
Fukuhara Toru - - 2002
BACKGROUND: To evaluate strategies for treating endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) failure, we assessed patients, clinical features at failure, and the outcome of VP shunt placement at re-operation, classifying patients by fenestration patency. METHODS: Thirty-six patients with failed ETV were evaluated retrospectively. All but 4 had cine phase-contrast magnetic resonance (MR) ...
Garton Hugh J L - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is currently the principal alternative to cerebrospinal fluid shunt placement in the management of pediatric hydrocephalus. Cost-effectiveness analysis can help determine the optimal strategy for integrating these different approaches. METHODS: All patients (n = 28) who underwent ETV at British Columbia's Children's Hospital between 1989 ...
Sheiman Robert G - - 2002
PURPOSE: To determine if cardiac pulsations are visible and quantifiable on spectral waveforms during Doppler ultrasonographic (US) evaluation of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS), and if so, whether their magnitude declines with shunt dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Baseline and pre-revision US images obtained in 15 patients with venographically confirmed TIPS ...
Hong Thomas E - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Surgical closure of patent ductus arteriosus in adult patients may be problematic. Transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus is an established procedure. Recently, transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus using the Amplatzer duct occluder has been shown to be safe and efficacious. We present our experience with this device ...
Van Dijk J Marc C - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In the early 1980s, it was demonstrated that surgical intradural division of the shunting vein to the medullary venous plexus cures a spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) at low morbidity. There is, however, growing literature to support endovascular therapy. METHODS: The clinical features of 49 consecutive patients ...
Moorthy Ranjith K - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Occipital encephalocoele is the most common cranial dysraphism in the western hemisphere and is often complicated by hydrocephalus. Management of hydrocephalus and reducing the CSF pressure is crucial in preventing dehiscence at the site of the encephalocoele repair. METHODS: Two female patients had presented with occipital encephalocoeles. The first ...
Wang Jou-Kou - - 2002
We present the short- and intermediate-term results of transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus with Gianturco coils in adolescents and adults. During a 5-year period, 55 patients (44 females, 11 males) with ages ranging from 14 to 72 years (median, 23) underwent attempted transcatheter closure of patent ductus with the ...
Spencer E Brooke - - 2002
PURPOSE: To evaluate safety and efficacy of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation for hepatic hydrothorax (HHyd). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one patients underwent TIPS creation for HHyd. A prospective TIPS database and medical records were reviewed. Clinical and radiographic outcomes were recorded as complete (symptom/effusion resolution), partial (improved symptoms/effusion), or ...
Kelley Rosemarie - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Ventricular shunts used to relieve hydrocephalus among patients with neurocysticercosis have been plagued by high shunt malfunction rates. We examined the characteristics of shunt malfunctions among patients with neurocysticercosis. METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review of data for 122 patients who were admitted with a diagnosis of cysticercosis ...
Ozal Ertugrul - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Although the incidence of complete heart block and residual shunt following closure of ventricular septal defects is very low in modern series, the risk of these complications still exists. Closing the inferior margin of a perimembranous VSD in the beating heart, may in some cases, be a safe technique ...
Rintoul Natalie E - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Previous reports have suggested that 80% to 85% of patients who have a myelomeningocele (MMC) and undergo surgical repair after birth develop hydrocephalus and require the placement of a ventricular shunt. However, the rate of shunting as a function of spinal level is not well established. We sought to ...
Fu Linshan - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcome of non-operative treatment with the outcome of surgical intraventricular drainage for patients with posttraumatic hydrocephalus including complications, mortality and favorable outcome. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients were assigned to a nonoperative treatment group and 38 patents to a surgical intraventricular drainage group. Each patient's outcome was evaluated ...
Rana Jamal S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Palliative procedures have a role in congenital cardiac malformations that do not permit a complete early repair, and in centres where facilities for complete early repair do not exist. The lack of data on modified Blalock-Taussig shunt from developing countries prompted this analysis. METHODS: We report a retrospective study ...
Boltshauser Eugen - - 2002
Reduced hindbrain herniation observed after intrauterine myelomeningocoele repair suggests that posterior fossa changes in myelomeningocoele are secondary results of prolonged prenatal spinal cerebrospinal fluid leak. Exceptionally, this transforaminal herniation results in 'degeneration' of cerebellar tissue, presumably due to mechanically induced ischaemia. This phenomenon was called 'vanishing cerebellum in Chiari II ...
Maghur H A - - 2002
Since 1992 we have performed the modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (MBTS) for cyanotic children in Libya. This retrospective study reviews our results as a developing country, comparing them with those in the literature, and makes suggestions to improve our results. Between May 1992 and May 1998, 94 children (58 males and ...
Mori K - - 2001
OBJECT: A cooperative study was undertaken to identify factors that could be used to predict a favorable outcome after extracranial cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion (shunting) in patients with suspected idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (NPH). METHODS: Questionnaires concerning patients with suspected idiopathic NPH were sent to 14 members of the Committee for ...
Ishikawa S - - 2001
Pulmonary artery growth after a systemic-pulmonary shunt was angiographically evaluated in 19 out of 35 patients. The mean age of the subjects at the time of the initial operation was 18+/-18 months including 12 patients under a year old. The preoperative diagnosis was tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) in 10 patients, ...
Garcia Nelson - - 2001
Ascites is the most common presentation of decompensated cirrhosis, and its development heralds a poor prognosis, with a 50% 2-year survival rate. Effective first-line therapy for ascites includes sodium restriction (2 g/d), use of diuretics, and large-volume paracentesis (LVP). Ideally, a combination of a loop-acting diuretic (eg, furosemide) and a ...
Horner E - - 2001
PATIENTS AND METHODS: 26 consecutive patients with early hydrocephalus (median age at shunting 2.5 months) were followed up to the age of 3 years, prospectively. The work-up included: regular evaluation of psychomotor development and CT/MRI prior and 6 months following surgery. The latter with measurement of the area of the ...
Hebb A O - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Patient selection for cerebrospinal fluid diversion is difficult, because idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) mimics other neurodegenerative disorders and no findings reliably predict outcome. The literature was reviewed to identify diagnostic criteria that predict shunt response and to formulate prognostic expectations. METHODS: MEDLINE was searched, and 44 articles meeting ...
Sainte-Rose C - - 2001
OBJECT: The authors undertook a study to evaluate the effectiveness of endoscopic third ventriculostomy in the management of hydrocephalus before and after surgical intervention for posterior fossa tumors in children. METHODS: Between October 1, 1993, and December 31, 1997, a total of 206 consecutive children with posterior fossa tumors underwent ...
Hess M J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the long-term effects of shunting on neurologic outcome of syringomyelia, a complication of spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Retrospective data collection using telephonic survey. SETTING: University based medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Eight of 15 patients who had shunts placed between 1976 and 1999. INTERVENTIONS: Review of clinical records ...
Noel A A - - 2001
Primary chylous disorders (PCDs) are rare. Rupture of dilated lymph vessels (lymphangiectasia) may result in chylous ascites, chylothorax, or leakage of chyle through chylocutanous fistulas in the lower limbs or genitalia. Chyle may reflux through incompetent lymphatics, causing lymphedema. To assess the efficacy of surgical treatment, we reviewed our experience. ...
Sivakumar K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Modified Blalock-Taussig shunts are used to palliate a variety of cyanotic heart diseases associated with reduced pulmonary blood flow. Acute shunt thrombosis in patients with shunt-dependent pulmonary blood flow can result in life-threatening hypoxia. We describe our experience of emergency transcatheter recanalization in 5 severely hypoxic children with acute ...
Reinprecht A - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: A retrospective analysis of 42 preterm infants with intraventricular hemorrhage was performed in order to evaluate shunt-related problems in neonates with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Within the last 15 years, 76 infants with intraventricular hemorrhage were treated primarily by external ventricular drainage, and 42 needed permanent shunting. Shunting ...
Wahl A - - 2001
The long-term risk and risk factors for recurrent embolism after percutaneous closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) were investigated in 152 consecutive patients with presumed paradoxical embolism. During follow-up, the actuarial freedom from recurrent embolism was 95.1% at 1 year, and 90.6% at 2 and 6 years. A residual shunt ...
Seong C K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of transcaval transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) in patients with occluded previous TIPS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between February 1996 and December 2000 we performed five transcaval TIPS procedures in four patients with recurrent gastric cardiac variceal bleeding. All four had occluded TIPS, which was between ...
Grga A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the use of temporary intraluminal shunt (IS) during operations in our patients for asymptomatic carotid stenosis (ACS) of the internal carotid artery (ICA). METHODS: Complications of ICA endarterectomy were reviewed in two groups of asymptomatic patients. In group A (144 patients, operation 1972-1985) temporary IS was used ...
Akagi T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Although the clinical experience with transcatheter closure of the patent ductus arteriosus using the coils has grown rapidly, one important complication of this procedure using the conventional Gianturco coil was the migration of coils into peripheral vessels. This is especially for patients with a relatively larger size ductus and ...
Coronel F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Vascular access complications are the main cause of hospitalization in dialysis patients. The difficulty in creating and maintaining vascular access after several years on haemodialysis (HD) remains the primary problem in these patients. The femoro-femoral Thomas shunt is a permanent vascular access that was used in the 1970s and ...
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