Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1094
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Ong Yew Kwang - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: A review of suppurative intracranial complications of sinusitis in children. METHODS: Case series review over a two-year period from 1998 to 1999 in a children's hospital, Singapore. RESULTS: There were seven cases, all male, and age range 9 to 14. Six had subdural empyemas and one had meningitis. The ...
Soongswang J - - 2002
This study was conducted to assess the use of the serum cardiac troponin T (cTnT) level as a noninvasive indicator to differentiate acute myocarditis and chronic dilated cardiomyopathy in pediatric patients. Myocarditis and dilated cardiomyopathy are clinically difficult to differentiate. Endomyocardial biopsy proved to be quite useful. However, the nature ...
Martín Francisco - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous transcatheter closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) is used as an alternative to surgery or long-term anticoagulation for the treatment of patients with paradoxical embolism and PFO. METHODS AND RESULTS: We report the immediate and long-term clinical and echocardiographic outcome of 110 consecutive patients (58 males, mean age ...
Quinn Stephen F - - 2002
PURPOSE: To present preliminary results of an inferior vena cava (IVC)-to-portal vein shunt (PIPS) that is created through the caudate lobe of the liver. METHODS: Sixteen patients (13 men; mean age 50 years, range 32-63) were referred for PIPS procedures because of bleeding varices (n = 11), intractable ascites (n ...
Kiefer M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Gravitational shunts for management of chronic hydrocephalus are supposed to avoid or at least to reduce the risk of overdrainage. In order to find out if this hypothesis is correct, we did a prospective study and analysed the results of a series of 185 hydrocephalic adults, treated by using ...
Fukuhara Toru - - 2002
BACKGROUND: To evaluate strategies for treating endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) failure, we assessed patients, clinical features at failure, and the outcome of VP shunt placement at re-operation, classifying patients by fenestration patency. METHODS: Thirty-six patients with failed ETV were evaluated retrospectively. All but 4 had cine phase-contrast magnetic resonance (MR) ...
Garton Hugh J L - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is currently the principal alternative to cerebrospinal fluid shunt placement in the management of pediatric hydrocephalus. Cost-effectiveness analysis can help determine the optimal strategy for integrating these different approaches. METHODS: All patients (n = 28) who underwent ETV at British Columbia's Children's Hospital between 1989 ...
Sheiman Robert G - - 2002
PURPOSE: To determine if cardiac pulsations are visible and quantifiable on spectral waveforms during Doppler ultrasonographic (US) evaluation of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS), and if so, whether their magnitude declines with shunt dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Baseline and pre-revision US images obtained in 15 patients with venographically confirmed TIPS ...
Hong Thomas E - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Surgical closure of patent ductus arteriosus in adult patients may be problematic. Transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus is an established procedure. Recently, transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus using the Amplatzer duct occluder has been shown to be safe and efficacious. We present our experience with this device ...
Van Dijk J Marc C - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In the early 1980s, it was demonstrated that surgical intradural division of the shunting vein to the medullary venous plexus cures a spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) at low morbidity. There is, however, growing literature to support endovascular therapy. METHODS: The clinical features of 49 consecutive patients ...
Moorthy Ranjith K - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Occipital encephalocoele is the most common cranial dysraphism in the western hemisphere and is often complicated by hydrocephalus. Management of hydrocephalus and reducing the CSF pressure is crucial in preventing dehiscence at the site of the encephalocoele repair. METHODS: Two female patients had presented with occipital encephalocoeles. The first ...
Wang Jou-Kou - - 2002
We present the short- and intermediate-term results of transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus with Gianturco coils in adolescents and adults. During a 5-year period, 55 patients (44 females, 11 males) with ages ranging from 14 to 72 years (median, 23) underwent attempted transcatheter closure of patent ductus with the ...
Spencer E Brooke - - 2002
PURPOSE: To evaluate safety and efficacy of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation for hepatic hydrothorax (HHyd). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one patients underwent TIPS creation for HHyd. A prospective TIPS database and medical records were reviewed. Clinical and radiographic outcomes were recorded as complete (symptom/effusion resolution), partial (improved symptoms/effusion), or ...
Kelley Rosemarie - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Ventricular shunts used to relieve hydrocephalus among patients with neurocysticercosis have been plagued by high shunt malfunction rates. We examined the characteristics of shunt malfunctions among patients with neurocysticercosis. METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review of data for 122 patients who were admitted with a diagnosis of cysticercosis ...
Ozal Ertugrul - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Although the incidence of complete heart block and residual shunt following closure of ventricular septal defects is very low in modern series, the risk of these complications still exists. Closing the inferior margin of a perimembranous VSD in the beating heart, may in some cases, be a safe technique ...
Rintoul Natalie E - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Previous reports have suggested that 80% to 85% of patients who have a myelomeningocele (MMC) and undergo surgical repair after birth develop hydrocephalus and require the placement of a ventricular shunt. However, the rate of shunting as a function of spinal level is not well established. We sought to ...
Fu Linshan - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcome of non-operative treatment with the outcome of surgical intraventricular drainage for patients with posttraumatic hydrocephalus including complications, mortality and favorable outcome. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients were assigned to a nonoperative treatment group and 38 patents to a surgical intraventricular drainage group. Each patient's outcome was evaluated ...
Rana Jamal S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Palliative procedures have a role in congenital cardiac malformations that do not permit a complete early repair, and in centres where facilities for complete early repair do not exist. The lack of data on modified Blalock-Taussig shunt from developing countries prompted this analysis. METHODS: We report a retrospective study ...
Boltshauser Eugen - - 2002
Reduced hindbrain herniation observed after intrauterine myelomeningocoele repair suggests that posterior fossa changes in myelomeningocoele are secondary results of prolonged prenatal spinal cerebrospinal fluid leak. Exceptionally, this transforaminal herniation results in 'degeneration' of cerebellar tissue, presumably due to mechanically induced ischaemia. This phenomenon was called 'vanishing cerebellum in Chiari II ...
Maghur H A - - 2002
Since 1992 we have performed the modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (MBTS) for cyanotic children in Libya. This retrospective study reviews our results as a developing country, comparing them with those in the literature, and makes suggestions to improve our results. Between May 1992 and May 1998, 94 children (58 males and ...
Mori K - - 2001
OBJECT: A cooperative study was undertaken to identify factors that could be used to predict a favorable outcome after extracranial cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion (shunting) in patients with suspected idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (NPH). METHODS: Questionnaires concerning patients with suspected idiopathic NPH were sent to 14 members of the Committee for ...
Ishikawa S - - 2001
Pulmonary artery growth after a systemic-pulmonary shunt was angiographically evaluated in 19 out of 35 patients. The mean age of the subjects at the time of the initial operation was 18+/-18 months including 12 patients under a year old. The preoperative diagnosis was tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) in 10 patients, ...
Garcia Nelson - - 2001
Ascites is the most common presentation of decompensated cirrhosis, and its development heralds a poor prognosis, with a 50% 2-year survival rate. Effective first-line therapy for ascites includes sodium restriction (2 g/d), use of diuretics, and large-volume paracentesis (LVP). Ideally, a combination of a loop-acting diuretic (eg, furosemide) and a ...
Horner E - - 2001
PATIENTS AND METHODS: 26 consecutive patients with early hydrocephalus (median age at shunting 2.5 months) were followed up to the age of 3 years, prospectively. The work-up included: regular evaluation of psychomotor development and CT/MRI prior and 6 months following surgery. The latter with measurement of the area of the ...
Hebb A O - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Patient selection for cerebrospinal fluid diversion is difficult, because idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) mimics other neurodegenerative disorders and no findings reliably predict outcome. The literature was reviewed to identify diagnostic criteria that predict shunt response and to formulate prognostic expectations. METHODS: MEDLINE was searched, and 44 articles meeting ...
Sainte-Rose C - - 2001
OBJECT: The authors undertook a study to evaluate the effectiveness of endoscopic third ventriculostomy in the management of hydrocephalus before and after surgical intervention for posterior fossa tumors in children. METHODS: Between October 1, 1993, and December 31, 1997, a total of 206 consecutive children with posterior fossa tumors underwent ...
Hess M J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the long-term effects of shunting on neurologic outcome of syringomyelia, a complication of spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Retrospective data collection using telephonic survey. SETTING: University based medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Eight of 15 patients who had shunts placed between 1976 and 1999. INTERVENTIONS: Review of clinical records ...
Noel A A - - 2001
Primary chylous disorders (PCDs) are rare. Rupture of dilated lymph vessels (lymphangiectasia) may result in chylous ascites, chylothorax, or leakage of chyle through chylocutanous fistulas in the lower limbs or genitalia. Chyle may reflux through incompetent lymphatics, causing lymphedema. To assess the efficacy of surgical treatment, we reviewed our experience. ...
Sivakumar K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Modified Blalock-Taussig shunts are used to palliate a variety of cyanotic heart diseases associated with reduced pulmonary blood flow. Acute shunt thrombosis in patients with shunt-dependent pulmonary blood flow can result in life-threatening hypoxia. We describe our experience of emergency transcatheter recanalization in 5 severely hypoxic children with acute ...
Reinprecht A - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: A retrospective analysis of 42 preterm infants with intraventricular hemorrhage was performed in order to evaluate shunt-related problems in neonates with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Within the last 15 years, 76 infants with intraventricular hemorrhage were treated primarily by external ventricular drainage, and 42 needed permanent shunting. Shunting ...
Wahl A - - 2001
The long-term risk and risk factors for recurrent embolism after percutaneous closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) were investigated in 152 consecutive patients with presumed paradoxical embolism. During follow-up, the actuarial freedom from recurrent embolism was 95.1% at 1 year, and 90.6% at 2 and 6 years. A residual shunt ...
Seong C K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of transcaval transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) in patients with occluded previous TIPS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between February 1996 and December 2000 we performed five transcaval TIPS procedures in four patients with recurrent gastric cardiac variceal bleeding. All four had occluded TIPS, which was between ...
Grga A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the use of temporary intraluminal shunt (IS) during operations in our patients for asymptomatic carotid stenosis (ACS) of the internal carotid artery (ICA). METHODS: Complications of ICA endarterectomy were reviewed in two groups of asymptomatic patients. In group A (144 patients, operation 1972-1985) temporary IS was used ...
Akagi T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Although the clinical experience with transcatheter closure of the patent ductus arteriosus using the coils has grown rapidly, one important complication of this procedure using the conventional Gianturco coil was the migration of coils into peripheral vessels. This is especially for patients with a relatively larger size ductus and ...
Coronel F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Vascular access complications are the main cause of hospitalization in dialysis patients. The difficulty in creating and maintaining vascular access after several years on haemodialysis (HD) remains the primary problem in these patients. The femoro-femoral Thomas shunt is a permanent vascular access that was used in the 1970s and ...
Mercado M A - - 2001
Although several effective therapeutic options are available for bleeding from portal hypertension, surgery has a well-defined role in the management of patients with good liver function who are electively operated. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the operative mortality and morbidity of portal blood flow-preserving procedures in a ...
Siomin V - - 2001
OBJECT: The goal of this study was to evaluate the safety, efficacy, and indications for repeat endoscopic third ventriculostomies (ETV). METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed the records of 20 patients who had undergone repeat ETV from 1987 to 1999. Their ages ranged from 8 months to 53 years (mean 17 ...
Javadpour M - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) as a primary treatment for hydrocephalus in children less than 1 year old and to determine its impact as a whole on the reduction of shunts necessary in a new population of hydrocephalic infants. METHODS: Data were collected prospectively on ...
Kato T - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (B-RTO) has recently been introduced as a new interventional modality to prevent fatal bleeding from solitary gastric varices. A large portal-systemic shunt including gastric varices also causes severe encephalopathy in some cirrhotic patients. In this study, we evaluated the effect of B-RTO as a candidate ...
Yerkes E B - - 2001
PURPOSE: Maintenance of a sterile intraperitoneal environment is critical in patients with ventriculoperitoneal shunts. Recent series have reported a broad discrepancy in the rate of shunt infection (0% to 20%) following augmentation cystoplasty. The need for distal shunt revision has not been well defined. We report the incidence of shunt ...
Sahoo M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Serous fluid leakage is an unusual but often devastating complication following the placement of a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt using a polytetrafluoroethylene graft. METHOD AND RESULTS: Between September 1994 and September 1999, out of 268 patients undergoing a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt using polytetrafluoroethylene grafts, 10 developed massive pleural effusion or ...
Sandhu S K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter closure of the patent ductus arteriosus is a well established procedure. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness and the safety of the Amplatzer duct occluder. METHODS AND RESULTS: Occlusion of the patent ductus arteriosus was attempted in 23 patients. The median weight was 11.7 ...
Thanopoulos B D - - 2001
Between May 1997 and June 2000, 69 patients, ages 0.1 to 34 years, underwent attempted anterograde transcatheter closure of a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) using the Amplatzer Duct Occluder (ADO). The ADO is a cone-shaped, self-centering, and repositionable occluder made of nitinol wire mesh. A 5Fr to 7Fr sheath was ...
Hassoun Z - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: In the present study we evaluated the predictive value of pretransjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) portal perfusion as assessed by Doppler ultrasonography for the onset of chronic encephalopathy after TIPS. METHODS: A total of 231 cirrhotic patients were followed-up prospectively after TIPS placement. The pattern of intrahepatic portal flow ...
Dobrolet N C - - 2001
We observed a decrease in length of the Gianturco coils following transcatheter occlusion of the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Coil length was measured on chest radiograph within 24 hr of coil placement and compared to the length at the time of follow-up. Echocardiograms were also reviewed for evidence of duct ...
Slakey D P - - 2001
To assess the outcomes of current treatment strategies for Budd-Chiari syndrome. Budd-Chiari syndrome, occlusion or obstruction of hepatic venous outflow, is a disease traditionally managed by portal or mesenteric-systemic shunting. The development of other treatment options, such as catheter-directed thrombolysis, transjugular portosystemic shunting (TIPS), and liver transplantation, has expanded the ...
Potapov E V - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Central shunt (CS) is frequently used to treat diminished pulmonary blood flow in newborns. We analyzed the impact of CS on the growth of the pulmonary arteries (PAs). METHODS: Twenty-two consecutive newborns underwent a CS procedure. In 15 newborns the preoperative angiograms and angiograms taken before undergoing anatomic or ...
Tokunaga S - - 2001
Ectopia cordis is a very rare and often fatal disease. We report a successful surgery case of thoracoabdominal ectopia cordis with univentricular heart. This patient underwent a three-stage Fontan procedure, a right-modified Blalock-Taussig shunt at the age of 1 month, bidirectional Glenn shunt and pulmonary arterioplasty at 2 years 8 ...
Deen K I - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Restriction of salt intake and diuretics combined with repeated paracentesis has been the mainstay of managing longstanding ascites. Peritoneal-venous shunts have been employed in refractory ascites but are not without complication. We evaluated an autologous reversed segment of proximal long saphenous vein anastomosed to the peritoneum in management of ...
Sigalet D L - - 2001
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Portal hypertension in children often is caused by prehepatic venous obstruction or intrahepatic fibrosis without cirrhosis. This situation is uniquely amenable to shunting; this report details the experience of 3 North American centers with an H-type mesocaval shunt using autologous vein, which has been widely used in European centers. ...
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