Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1094
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Choudhury Jayanta - - 2003
Ascites is the most common complication of cirrhosis and occurs in more than half of all patients with cirrhosis. The development of ascites indicates progression of the underlying cirrhosis and is associated with a 50% 2-year survival rate. Conventional therapies used for the treatment of ascites include sodium restriction (<88 ...
Govender Soma T - - 2003
OBJECT: Staphylococcus species are the most common organisms responsible for infection following implantable cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversionary procedures. The role of an antibiotic-impregnated shunt (AIS) system in the prevention of shunt infection has remained unclear because no human clinical trial has been reported on thus far. In this study, the ...
Xu Pei-Qin - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic standards and treatment of severe Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS). METHODS: The clinical data of 126 patients with severe BCS treated from November 1994 to June 2001 at our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Percutaneous transhepatic recanalization and dilation and/or stent placement of the main hepatic vein was ...
Russo Mark W - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is frequently used to treat patients with refractory ascites, but its role is controversial. We sought to determine from the literature the efficacy, morbidity, and mortality associated with TIPS for refractory ascites. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and identified studies published in English from January, ...
Fernandez-Aguilar Jose Luis - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To analyze the long-term outcome of the calibrated portacaval shunt in the treatment of portal hypertension. METHODOLOGY: Between 1991 and 1996 we undertook a prospective non-randomized study, including 37 cirrhotic patients who underwent small diameter portacaval shunt with polytetrafluoroethylene H-graft, 24 cases with 8 mm and 13 cases with ...
Bol-Raap G - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this retrospective study was to assess long-term outcome of children after surgical closure of a ventricular septal defect (VSD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between January 1992 and December 2001 a consecutive series of 188 patients (100 females) were operated for closure of a VSD. Temporary tricuspid valve ...
Lee M W Y - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the outcome of intraventricular thrombolytic therapy for intraventricular haemorrhage and to formulate a safe and effective regimen. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Regional neurosurgical centre, Hong Kong. PATIENTS: Twenty-nine consecutive adult patients who presented from November 1995 to November 1998 with non-traumatic intraventricular haemorrhage (Graeb score, > or ...
Buxton Neil - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Neuroendoscopic third ventriculostomy has increased in frequency for the management of hydrocephalus. The objective of this paper is to study the outcome in patients with hydrocephalus whose shunt subsequently failed and who were treated with neuroendoscopic third ventriculostomy (NTV). METHOD: The departmental prospectively acquired database, kept since 1994, was ...
Anil Sivadasan Radha - - 2003
Residual flows following transcatheter coil or device closure of the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) can result in hemolysis. Of 611 patients who underwent transcatheter PDA closure at our institution, 5 patients (age, 6-63 years) developed overt hemolysis (after coil occlusion in 4 and Amplazter device closure in 1). All had ...
Adzick N Scott - - 2003
Myelomeningocele (MMC) is a common birth defect that is associated with significant lifelong morbidity. Little progress has been made in the postnatal surgical management of the child with spina bifida. Postnatal surgery is aimed at covering the exposed spinal cord, preventing infection, and treating hydrocephalus with a ventricular shunt. In ...
Orłowski Marcin - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Assessment of gastric secretory function by 24-hour pH-metry in patients with hepatic cirrhosis due to HBV infection, before and after non-shunt type Sugiura procedure. AIM OF THE STUDY: Advanced chronic hepatopathies are very often accompanied by pathologic changes in the stomach as well as functional disturbances affecting the upper ...
Farmer Diana L - - 2003
HYPOTHESIS: Experimental work raises the possibility that in utero repair of myelomeningocele (MMC) may improve lower extremity, bladder, and bowel function, ameliorate the Arnold-Chiari malformation, and decrease the need for postnatal shunting. DESIGN: We previously developed fetal lamb models to create and reverse lower extremity damage and the Arnold-Chiari malformation ...
Johnson Mark P - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The study was undertaken to evaluate short-term clinical outcomes with antenatal myelomeningocele (MMC) repair. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of 50 fetuses that underwent open fetal MMC closure was performed. Inclusion criteria included less than 26 weeks' gestation, thoracic to S1 level defect, absent clubfoot deformity, Arnold-Chiari malformation, ventriculomegaly less ...
Rodesch Georges - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We sought to analyze the results of embolization in patients with intradural spinal cord arteriovenous shunts. METHODS: The clinical and radiological files of 69 of a population of 155 patients treated with embolization between 1981 and 1999 were reviewed retrospectively. The patients' clinical status was evaluated according to Karnofsky ...
Hanlo Patrick W - - 2003
OBJECT: The goal of this study was to evaluate the long-term results of a flow-regulating shunt (Orbis Sigma Valve [OSV] II Smart Valve System; Integra NeuroSciences, Sophia Antipolis, France) in the treatment of hydrocephalus, whether it was a first insertion procedure or surgical revision of another type of shunt, in ...
Moore Kevin P - - 2003
Ascites is a common complication of cirrhosis, and heralds a new phase of hepatic decompensation in the progression of the cirrhotic process. The development of ascites carries a significant worsening of the prognosis. It is important to diagnose noncirrhotic causes of ascites such as malignancy, tuberculosis, and pancreatic ascites since ...
Artemiou Omeros - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The goals of treatment of chronic nonmalignant pleural effusion are relief of dyspnea and improved quality of life. Treatment options include needle thoracentesis, tube thoracostomy chemical pleurodesis, and pleurectomy. Pleurovenous shunting (PVS) represents an alternative, minimally invasive method. METHODS: Since 1999, 12 patients underwent pleurovenous shunting for right-sided pleural ...
Tuli Sagun - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt remains an important ongoing management problem in myelomeningocele (MMC) patients. We reviewed the long-term shunt treatment outcome in a prospectively followed group of MMC patients from a single institution. METHOD: Patients prospectively entered into a hydrocephalus database with a diagnosis of MMC from the ...
Boyer Thomas D - - 2003
The transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) was developed in the 1980s for treatment of complications of portal hypertension. Once it was shown that the shunt could be placed with relative ease, TIPS was rapidly applied to the treatment of many of the complications of portal hypertension. These complications include actively ...
Nishiyama Kenichi - - 2003
OBJECT: The aim of this study was to analyze physiological changes in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) dynamics following endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) for shunt-dependent noncommunicating hydrocephalus. METHODS:. Clinical data obtained in 15 patients treated with ETV for shunt malfunction were analyzed. Magnetic resonance imaging studies demonstrated the obstruction of the ventricular ...
Liang Chi-Di - - 2003
The objective of this study was to investigate the feasibility of transthoracic echocardiography as a guide to monitor the completeness of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) occlusion immediately after coil implantation. In all, 52 patients who underwent Gianturco coil implantation for PDA occlusion were evaluated by transthoracic echocardiography within 15 minutes ...
Kaufman Lauren - - 2003
A patient developed severe hepatic insufficiency after creation of a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt, which was treated unsuccessfully with a constrained Wallstent ("reducing stent"). After a failed attempt at occluding the shunt with an occlusion balloon, a detachable balloon was placed at the portal end of the constrained stent. This ...
Villavicencio Alan T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic placement of ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt catheters in pediatric patients has been increasingly used in an attempt to minimize the unacceptably high rates of revision. Although this procedure carries an increased expense, there is currently no evidence to support an improved long-term outcome. This paper compares the rates of ...
Boschert Jürgen - - 2003
OBJECT: Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is the treatment of choice for occlusive (noncommunicating) hydrocephalus. Nevertheless, its routine use in patients who have previously undergone shunt placement is still not generally accepted. The authors' aim was to investigate the long-term effects of ETV in a group of prospectively chosen patients. METHODS: ...
Tisell M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To comprehensively describe and compare prospectively (pre/postoperatively) the symptomatology in aqueductal stenosis (AS) vs idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH). METHODS: Twenty-seven patients with AS and 39 patients with INPH were consecutively included. Postural functions, gait, wakefulness, cognitive functions, urinary continence and headache were examined before and 3 months after ...
Ranjan P - - 2003
Clinical and radiological changes in tuberculous meningitis (TBM) have been reported but there is paucity of comprehensive serial clinicoradiological follow-up. In this prospective hospital based study, we investigated serial changes in the clinical and radiological findings and their relationships over 6 months in 31 consecutive patients with TBM, diagnosed on ...
Dorai Zeena - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify factors predictive of shunt-dependent hydrocephalus among patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. The data can be used to predict which patients in this group have a high probability of requiring permanent cerebrospinal fluid diversion. METHODS: Seven hundred eighteen patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid ...
Okazaki Tadaharu - - 2003
To date, uniform standards for congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) management have not existed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the evolving clinical outcome of the patients with CDH and to present our recent management protocol using echocardiography. Sixty patients treated for CDH at our hospital from 1978 through ...
Choi Young Ho - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) in active gastric variceal bleeding, and to compare the findings with those of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS). MATERIALS AND METHDOS: Twenty-one patients with active gastric variceal bleeding due to liver cirrhosis were referred for radiological intervention. In 15 ...
Smith E M - - 2003
Malignant ascites occurs in association with a variety of neoplasms. It is a frequent cause of morbidity and presents significant problems for which there are no clear management guidelines. In this article we discuss various modalities which are available including diuretic therapy, paracentesis, peritoneovenous shunts and intraperitoneal chemotherapy. There are ...
Thuluvath Paul J - - 2003
Refractory ascites is a serious complication of advanced cirrhosis with a 1-year transplant-free survival of 20-50%. The aim of our study was to investigate the short- and long-term effects of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) in the management of refractory ascites. In all 65 patients (39 M, 26 F; Child ...
Camoglio F S - - 2003
Chylous ascites is rarely observed in newborns. Its etiology is not always readily identifiable. The authors report a patient with idiopathic chylous ascites resistant both to conservative treatment with total parenteral nutrition plus diuretics and to dietary treatment (milk with a low-fat content and medium-chain triglycerides). Surgical correction of an ...
Singh D - - 2003
Forty-three ETV were performed in 46 patients of obstructive hydrocephalus. Study was divided into two groups. Group 1 was with 29 children of less than two years age. Group 2 had seventeen patients of more than 2 years, adolescent and adults. Group 1 had 70% clinical and 63% radiological improvement ...
Winkler James T - - 2003
Cases diagnosed with portosystemic shunting between the years 1993 and 2001 were reviewed. Sensitivities of screening tests and abdominal ultrasonographic evaluation for the detection of portosystemic shunting were evaluated. Prognosis for surgically treated shunts was also evaluated. Results indicated that both paired serum bile acids and blood ammonia levels were ...
Anzola G P - - 2003
The importance of patent foramen ovale (PFO) in stroke of unknown cause remains disputed, as PFO may be present in up to 20% of normal people and in a high proportion of patients with non-vascular disorders. Recent evidence suggests that the amount of right-to-left shunt (RLS) may be the crucial ...
Masura Jozef - - 2003
In the present study, we report the initial clinical experience with the new angled Amplatzer duct occluder (ADO) for the percutaneous closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Percutaneous closure of PDA using standard ADO in infants and in patients with small PDA ampulla is difficult, or even impossible, due to ...
Kestle John R W - - 2003
OBJECT: Endoscopically assisted ventricular catheter placement has been reported to reduce shunt failure in uncontrolled series. The authors investigated the efficacy of this procedure in a prospective multicenter randomized trial. METHODS: Children younger than 18 years old who were scheduled for their first ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt placement were randomized to ...
Yilmaz A T - - 2003
AIM: Although the incidence of residual ventricular septal defect (VSD) following surgical therapy in the modern series is very low, especially the risk of hemodynamically insignificant shunt still exists. Intraoperative assessment of residual shunt is useful in identifying patients at risk of having subsequently required reoperation and reintervention for residual ...
Martin Jonathan E - - 2003
The authors performed a retrospective review of clinical data on 60 patients treated with direct heart shunts (DHSs) for hydrocephalus at the Children's National Medical Center from 1976 to 1979. Mean shunt survival was 79 months. Rates of proximal revision and infection were comparable to those in previous shunt series. ...
van Buuren H R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of TIPS (the transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt) into clinical practice in 1989, substantial knowledge, partially derived from controlled trials, has become available regarding technical and clinical aspects of the procedure. A number of prospective studies have assessed the long-term patency of radiological shunts, the recognized main ...
Arbatli Harun - - 2003
Recurrence of ductal patency is a rarely encountered complication in surgical repair of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). An adult patient with ductal recurrency underwent closure of ductus by using cardiopulmonary bypass via transpulmonary approach. She had significant improvement of symptoms and no residual shunt or pseudoneurysm seven months after surgery.
Lo T Y M - - 2003
To determine the long-term risks and benefits of a separate CSF reservoir in the management of 52 children (23 males, 29 females) with shunted hydrocephalus, a retrospective study was performed comparing the use and complications after separate reservoir insertion, with a prereservoir control period. Median age at first shunt insertion ...
Rekate Harold L - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and efficacy of lumboperitoneal (LP) shunts in carefully selected children with abnormalities of the absorption of cerebrospinal fluid. METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging studies, indications for treatment and pre- and postoperative symptoms of 25 patients (mean age 9.6 years) who had undergone LP shunting in the ...
Lee Chi-Hang - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) has been established as a safe and effective treatment for pediatric patients. However, long-term experience in adults remains limited. Therefore, our purpose is to report our experience with this approach in Chinese adults. METHODS: Twenty-five patients (mean age, 34 years) who underwent ...
Shaikh Saad - - 2002
PURPOSE: To determine whether exposure to silicone shunts used in refractory glaucomas increases serum IgG binding to silicone and whether this response is associated with shunt-related complications or poor postoperative intraocular pressure control. METHODS: Sera from 12 patients (13 eyes) who had undergone placement of silicone seton implants were examined ...
Robinson Shenandoah - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Ventriculoperitoneal shunts have one of the highest complication rates of all neurosurgical procedures. The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with malfunction of shunts placed in infants with neonatal hydrocephalus, with the goal of maximizing long-term shunt survival. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of ...
Voci Paolo - - 2002
We describe for the first time transthoracic Doppler ultrasound assessment of coronary flow reserve (CFR) in both the posterior descending (PDA) and left anterior descending (LAD) coronary arteries. CFR (hyperemic/resting diastolic flow velocity ratio) was measured by 90-second intravenous adenosine infusion (140 microg/kg/min). Baseline PDA flow was detected in 62 ...
Ferral Hector - - 2002
PURPOSE: To validate a previously published model to predict the probability of patient death within 3 months after an elective transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) procedure. The model is implemented with use of a nomogram or a formula. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent an elective TIPS procedure between May ...
Kansal Sukesh - - 2002
PURPOSE: To assess patient comfort using combined anterior sub-Tenon's, topical, and intracameral ("Blitz") anesthesia versus retrobulbar anesthesia in glaucoma surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this study, 139 consecutive patients who received retrobulbar anesthesia and 139 consecutive patients who received Blitz anesthesia during glaucoma surgery were evaluated in a prospective fashion. ...
Hausegger Klaus A - - 2003
The aim of this study was to evaluate the healing response to a new commercially available ePTFE-covered stent graft used to create transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) in an animal model with and without intraluminal irradiation. The study was designed for ten domestic normotensive pigs. The TIPS was created using ...
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