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Results 251 - 300 of 2887
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McNaught Melinda K - - 2014
In 2001, the red imported fire ant (Solenopsis invicta Buren) was identified in Brisbane, Australia. An eradication program involving broadcast bait treatment with two insect growth regulators and a metabolic inhibitor began in September of that year and is currently ongoing. To gauge the impacts of these treatments on local ...
Yoon Jin A JA Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) and combined mirror therapy for inpatient rehabilitation of the patients with subacute stroke. Twenty-six patients with subacute stroke were enrolled and randomly divided into three groups: CIMT combined with mirror therapy group, CIMT only group, and control group. Two weeks of ...
Choi Jun Hwan JH Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Jeju National University Hospital, Jeju, - - 2014
To investigate the effectiveness of commercial gaming-based virtual reality (VR) therapy on the recovery of paretic upper extremity in subacute stroke patients. Twenty patients with the first-onset subacute stroke were enrolled and randomly assigned to the case group (n=10) and the control group (n=10). Primary outcome was measured by the ...
Park Jong-Wan JW Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
To investigate the long-term effect of low-energy extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) for plantar fasciitis (PF) according to ultrasonography (US) findings. Thirty feet of 25 patients with clinical diagnosis of PF were enrolled and divided into two groups (Apparent-US and Uncertain-US) according to US findings, such as plantar fascia thickening ...
Parida Amrita A Postgraduate, Department of Pharmacology, Kasturba Medical College , Manipal, Manipal University, Karnataka, India - - 2014
Directly observed treatment short course (DOTS) and self-administered therapy (SAT) are the treatment options available for tuberculosis (TB). Studies conducted worldwide have shown difference in treatment outcome with these two treatment modalities. The study was undertaken to compare treatment outcome of DOTS and SAT in patients of pulmonary TB taking ...
Jayakody Himali H Division of Child Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa Children's Hospital, 200, Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, Iowa 52242. Electronic address: - - 2014
Optic neuritis is an important pediatric disorder causing visual impairment. Because of the absence of pediatric-specific studies, data extrapolated from the adult-based optic neuritis treatment trial are used to guide management of pediatric patients. Recent literature promotes a prolonged course of oral steroids to prevent relapses. However, there are no ...
- - 2014
When severe gout with tophi persists despite treatment with allopurinol, a xanthine oxidase inhibitor, the hypouricaemic drug of choice is probenecid, a uricosuric agent, in the absence of a better alternative. Pegloticase is a pegylated recombinant uricase. This enzyme catabolises uric acid into allantoin, a water-soluble substance that is excreted ...
de Molon Rafael Scaf RS Department of Diagnosis and Surgery, School of Dentistry at Araraquara, University of Estadual Paulista, Araraquara, São Paulo, - - 2014
Extensive intraosseous lesions represent a clinical challenge for the periodontist. Sites with bone defects have been shown to be at higher risk of periodontitis progression in patients who had not received periodontal therapy. Thus, the aim of this case report was to describe a novel approach for the treatment of ...
Nagalakshmi S S Department of Orthodontics, Vivekananda Dental College for Women, Tiruchengode, Namakkal, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
The aim of our study is to evaluate the changes in quality of life among patients treated for maxillary midline diastema by fixed orthodontic appliances. This prospective longitudinal study consists of 40 patients of age group 20-30 years who underwent orthodontic correction of midline diastema. The patient's quality of life ...
Lü Peng-Hua PH Department of Radiology, First Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China Department of Interventional Radiology, Northern Jiangsu People's Hospital, Yangzhou, - - 2014
Spontaneous isolated superior mesenteric artery dissection (ISMAD) is exceedingly rare. The therapeutic options range from observation to medical treatment to surgery or endovascular repair. We present our experience of the clinical management of ISMADs. Sixteen patients with ISMAD from January 2008 to July 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. The decision to ...
Shui Shao-Feng SF Department of Interventional Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of balloon dilatation and thrombus extraction for the treatment of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST). Twenty-six cases of digital subtraction angiography-confirmed CVST were treated with balloon dilatation and thrombus extraction. Active treatment of primary disease was carried out after cerebral venous ...
Bell Simon N SN Department of Surgery, Melbourne Shoulder and Elbow Centre, Monash University, Melbourne, - - 2014
It is agreed that it is important to anatomically reproduce the proximal humeral anatomy when performing a prosthetic shoulder replacement. This can be difficult with a long stemmed prosthesis, in particular if there is little relationship of the metaphysis to the humeral shaft. The 'short stem' prosthesis can deal with ...
Krasny Marta - - 2014
Cardiovascular conditions, apart from neoplastic diseases, remain the major cause of death in developed countries; therefore, the number of patients receiving oral anticoagulants is constantly increasing. Anticoagulant therapy considerably reduced mortality in patients with history of myocardial infarction among others. Although many interventions may be performed without withdrawal of the ...
Souza Thiago Ferreira TF Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Unit, Departmentof Gastroenterology, University of São Paulo. São Paulo, - - 2014
Background: Barrett's esophagus (BE) is the main risk factor for esophageal adenocarcinoma. Its therapeutic approach is controversial and surgical treatment in the presence of high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia may be indicated. Endoscopic approach is an alternative with lower mortality and morbidity rates and favorable results. Objective: To define the best option, ...
Sharwani A A Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Eastman Dental Institute for Oral Healthcare Sciences, London, - - 2014
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) utilizing aminolevulinic acid (ALA) as a photosensitiser has been used to ablate premalignant/malignant skin conditions including superficial basal cell carcinoma (BCC) with acceptable cosmetic outcome. Clinicians continue however to face difficulties in determining the exact dose that is sufficient to achieve a complete healing from the condition ...
Bogaz Eduardo Amaro EA Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Idiopathic Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss (ISSHL) is defined when a loss of at least 30 dB occurs in over 3 continuous frequencies, in up to 72 hours, of which etiology is not established, despite adequate investigation. Different types of treatment regimens have been proposed, but only glucocorticoids have shown some ...
Qiu Yongbin Y Shandon Medical University, Shandong, - - 2014
To investigate the effect of spa adjuvant therapy on diabetic lower extremity arterial disease (LEAD). 128 patients with type II diabetes were separated into three groups according to the degree of lower extremity vascular stenosis. Patients within each group were then randomly divided to receive no treatment (control) or spa ...
Capistrano Anderson - - 2014
Orthodontics, just as any other science, has undergone advances in technology that aim at improving treatment efficacy with a view to reducing treatment time, providing patients with comfort, and achieving the expected, yet hardly attained long-term stability. The current advances in orthodontic technology seem to represent a period of transition ...
Pardhan Amyn - - 2014
To further resolve the clinical equipoise on the choice of chemical sphincterotomy agent for early symptomatic relief of anal fissure by comparing the effectiveness of 2% Diltiazem gel with 0.2% Glyceryl TriNitrate. The randomized clinical trial was conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from February 1, to July 30, ...
Baspinar Osman - - 2014
To determine in paediatric patients with atrial septal defects whether differences in P wave dispersion occurred with transcatheter closures using the Amplatzer septal occluder. A total of 31 children who had undergone transcathater closures were evaluated. P maximum, P minimum, and P dispersion were measured with 12-lead surface electrocardiography, before ...
Coaccioli Stefano S General Medical Clinic and Medical Therapy, Rheumatology and Medical Therapy of the Pain, University of Perugia, "Polo di Terni", "AO Santa Maria" of Terni, Terni, - - 2014
Since low adherence to a long-term therapy results in a poor clinical outcome and significantly increases healthcare costs, adherence to the treatment of chronic disorders is an issue of great interest. This is particularly true of the treatment of osteoporosis (OP). Adherence to the osteoporosis therapy in patients treated with ...
Santner Wolfram W Department of Radiology, Kantonsspital Baden, - - 2014
Recombinant human erythropoietin (rhuEPO) has received considerable attention because of its neuroprotective properties. It has recently been reported that rhuEPO increases frataxin levels in combination with clinical improvement in rhuEPO treated patients with Friedreich ataxia (FRDA). To determine possible therapy dependent intracranial volume changes after treatment with rhuEPO using voxel-based ...
Mlachkova Antoaneta M - - 2014
Chronic periodontitis is defined as an inflammatory disease of the supporting tissues of teeth caused by microorganisms in the dental biofilm, resulting in progressive destruction of the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone with pocket formation and gingival recession. Treatment of chronic periodontitis aims at arresting the inflammation and stopping the ...
Fernando Ruchira S W - - 2014
To assess the effectiveness of adopting endovenous laser treatment (EVLT) as the primary treatment modality for varicose veins at Auckland City Hospital (Auckland, New Zealand). The outcomes of 354 consecutive EVLT procedures performed between 2007 and 2013 were reviewed. Data was collected from a prospectively maintained procedural database and by ...
Chang Rita Yuk-Kwan RY Department of Surgery, The University of Hong Kong, Hong - - 2014
Objective. Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) is a potentially life-threatening complication of Graves' disease (GD). The present study compared the long-term efficacy of antithyroid drugs (ATD), radioactive iodine (RAI), and surgery in GD/TPP. Methods. Sixteen patients with GD/TPP were followed over a 14-year period. ATD was generally prescribed upfront for 12-18 ...
Mansour Ahmad M AM Departments of Ophthalmology, American University of Beirut, Rafic Hariri University Hospital, P.O. Box 113-6044, Beirut, - - 2014
We treated 26 eyes of 25 young patients having a mean age of 30 years with intravitreal vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitor for choroidal new vessel (CNV) formation overlying choroidal osteoma over a mean follow-up of 26 months. Mean number of injections was 2.4 at 6 months, 3.2 at ...
Osmonov Daniar Kurmanbekovich DK Department of Urology and Pediatric Urology, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Kiel, Kiel, - - 2014
This paper reports treatment of a 76-hour low-flow priapism with a shunting procedure that was first described by Barry in 1976. We were able to observe the preservation of erectile function despite the long period of ischemia. A review of the literature shows that there are few reports of erectile ...
Khatib Tasneem T James Paget University Hospital, Great Yarmouth, - - 2014
This case describes the use of intravitreal triamcinolone in the treatment of unilateral choroidal granulomas secondary to systemic sarcoidosis complicated by choroidal neovascular membrane. A single injection of 2 mg intravitreal triamcinolone was administered as treatment for rapidly progressing choroidal granulomas and associated choroidal neovascular membrane with subretinal fluid. Visual acuity ...
Armenia Daniele D Department of Experimental Medicine and Surgery, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, - - 2014
We previously found that a very low geno2pheno false positive rate (FPR ≤2%) defines a viral population associated with low CD4 cell count and the highest amount of X4-quasispecies. In this study, we aimed at evaluating whether FPR ≤2% might impact on the viro-immunological response in HIV-1 infected patients starting ...
Shibuya Kazumoto K Department of Neurology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, - - 2014
Objective No clinically effective treatment for promoting peripheral axonal regeneration has yet been established. Several experimental studies in vitro and in vivo have shown that a high dose of methylcobalamin (MeCbl), an analogue of vitamin B12, promotes axonal growth in peripheral nerve injury. We herein assessed the safety and efficacy ...
Czarnywojtek Agata A - - 2014
Radioiodine (RAI) therapy is a standard procedure in the treatment of hyperthyroidism. However, the use of RAI in euthyroid patients requiring chronic administration of amiodarone (AM) where other antiarrhythmic drugs may lack efficacy is still controversial. The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of an ...
Boettiger David Charles DC The Kirby Institute, UNSW Australia, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has evolved rapidly since its beginnings. This analysis describes trends in first-line ART use in Asia and their impact on treatment outcomes. Patients in the TREAT Asia HIV Observational Database receiving first-line ART for ≥6 months were included. Predictors of treatment failure and treatment modification were assessed. ...
Wurst Keele E KE Worldwide Epidemiology, GlaxoSmithKline R&D, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, United States of - - 2014
To assess the treatment progression during the 24 months following a formal diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the UK primary care setting. A retrospective cohort of newly diagnosed COPD patients was identified in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) from 1/1/2008 until 31/12/2009. Maintenance therapy prescribed within ...
Mavija Milka - - 2014
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of irreversible serious vision damage in persons over 50 years of age. In treating AMD many medicaments are applied such as inhibitors of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), have been very carefully included over the last few years after a series of ...
Ferraretti Anna Pia AP SISMER, Reproductive Medicine Unit, Via Mazzini 12, 40138 Bologna, - - 2014
Introduction. Poor response to ovarian stimulation is still a major problem in IVF. The study presents a new stimulation protocol evaluated in a suppopulation of very difficult young poor ovarian responders. Material and Methods. The study consists in two sections. The first includes data from a randomized controlled study involving ...
Huet Sarah S Laboratoire d'hématologie, Centre de Biologie Sud, Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, Pierre-Benite, France; Unité Mixte de Recherche 5239 Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Faculté de médecine Lyon Sud, Oullins, - - 2014
Recent studies demonstrate that early molecular response to tyrosine-kinase inhibitors is strongly predictive of outcome in chronic myeloid leukemia patients and that early response landmarks may identify patients at higher risk for transformation who would benefit from an early switch to second-line therapy. In this study, we evaluated the ability ...
Oksiuta Marzanna M Pediatric Surgery Department, Medical University of Bialystok, - - 2014
Infantile hemangiomas (IH) are neoplastic proliferations of endothelial cells which occur with an incidence of 10 to 12% within the first year of life. IH grow after birth and usually regress spontaneously, but still can lead to deformities when they are located in the facial areas of the lip, eyelid, ...
Hashemi Mostafa M Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Kashani Hospital, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
This study was done to evaluate the effect of itraconazole on clinical symptoms and radiologic findings in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis and nasal polyposis after surgery. In a clinical trial which was conducted in Alzahra and Kashani hospitals, from November 2011 to December 2012, 22 patients with recurrent postsurgical chronic ...
Cesar Carina C Fundación Huésped, Buenos Aires, - - 2014
Access to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is expanding in Latin America. Many patients require second and third line therapy due to toxicity, tolerability, failure, or a combination of factors. The need for third line HAART, essential for program planning, is not known. Antiretroviral-naïve patients ≥18 years who started first ...
Ten Cate-Hoek Arina J AJ Laboratory for Thrombosis and Hemostasis, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands Department of Internal Medicine, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The - - 2014
Post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) is a serious complication of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of the leg that affects 20-50% of patients. Once a patient experiences PTS there is no treatment that effectively reduces the debilitating complaints. Two randomised controlled trials showed that elastic compression stocking (ECS) therapy after DVT for 24 months ...
Takeda Sakurako S Department of Ophthalmology, Tokyo Women's Medical University Medical Center East, Tokyo, Japan ; Department of Ophthalmology, Nippori Clinic, Medical Center East, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate the effect on the intraocular pressure (IOP) of a dorzolamide/timolol (1%/0.5%) fixed combination (DTFC) ophthalmic agent for 3 years. A total of 19 consecutive patients who had previously been treated with mono-therapy or any combination of a beta-blocker, carbonic anhydrase inhibitor, or prostaglandin analog, for primary ...
Lin Lung-Huang LH Departments of Pediatrics, Cathay General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan School of Medicine, FuJen Catholic University, New Taipei City, - - 2014
To assess the effectiveness of conservative treatment for adhesive small bowel obstruction (ASBO) in children. Systematic review of studies involved children with ASBO who received initial conservative/non-operative treatment. The search was performed in April 2013 using PubMed (see online supplementary file 1), current contents, and the Cochrane database. Children with ...
Li Yuan-Rung YR 0000-0002-5041-7731 Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital and National Yang-Ming University, Kaohsiung 81362, - - 2014
Background. Argon plasma coagulation (APC) is useful to treat upper gastrointestinal bleeding, but its hemostatic efficacy has received little attention. Aims. This investigation attempted to determine whether additional endoscopic injection before APC could improve hemostatic efficacy in treating high-risk bleeding ulcers. Methods. From January 2007 to April 2011, adult patients ...
Manabe Yasuaki Y Department of Dermatology, Tokai University School of Medecine, 143 Shimokasuya, Isehara, Kanagawa 259-1193, Japan. - - 2014
A 7-year-old boy, taking lessons at a yacht school at Enoshima in Kanagawa prefecture in Japan, recognized a linear eruption on his left lower leg during practice in August 2012. As it gradually enlarged, he visited a local medical clinic. The eruption initially improved with topical treatment but exacerbated in ...
Pereira Alberto M AM Department of Endocrinology and Center for Endocrine Tumors, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pituitary adenomas can be treated effectively in the vast majority of cases. After successful treatment for pituitary disease, many patients still report reduced quality of life in the presence of persistent morbidity and (slightly) increased mortality. At present, there is an increasing awareness that in many cases long-term remission of ...
Mirbehbahani Nb N Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Taleghani hospital, Janbazan Boulevard, Gorgan, - - 2014
Hemangiomas, usually, present at the first few months of life and are the most common benign tumor in children. There are various therapeutic methods for hemangioma. Capillary hemangioma is a type of hemangiomas. The steps of treatment of a child with capillary hemangioma in Taleghani Hospital of Gorgan, Iran, are ...
Salma Umme U Department of Gynecology, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, 138 Tongzipo Road, Changsha, Hunan 410013, - - 2014
The primary purpose of this paper is to assess the efficacy of the use of the intrauterine device (IUD) as an adjunctive treatment modality, for intrauterine adhesions (IUAs). All eligible literatures were identified by electronic databases including PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science. Additional relevant articles were identified from citations ...
Naeini Farahnaz Fatemi FF Skin and Stem Cell Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
No ideal treatment has been established for Striae distensae (SD), particularly in the late phase (Striae Alba (SA)). Various types of lasers have been recently proposed as treatment options for SD. This study aims to compare the clinical efficacy of a fractional CO2 laser as well as a combination of ...
Fujita Tetsuo T Department of Respirology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, - - 2014
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare complication, but a significant prognostic factor in patients with Sjögren's syndrome (SjS). Despite its efficacy, the long-term use of intravenous epoprostenol is sometimes complicated by adverse effects, such as catheter-related infection. This case involves a 38-year-old woman with PAH associated with SjS (PAH-SjS) ...
Vas Krisztina K Department of Dermatology and Allergology Clinic, University of Szeged, Korányi Fasor 6, Szeged 6720, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of the sequential combined 585 nm PDL and the 1064 nm neodymium:yttrium-aluminium-garnet laser (PDL/Nd:YAG) in the treatment of surgical scars and to evaluate the short-term effects by in vivo confocal microscopy (RCM) and the long-term effects by clinical assessment of the scars. ...
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