Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2144
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Furukawa Nobuyuki N Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Heart and Diabetes Center North Rhine-Westphalia, Ruhr-University Bochum, Bad Oeynhausen, - - 2014
The proportion of minimally invasive approaches is rising in cardiac surgery, in part driven by increasing patient demand. This study aimed to perform a risk-adjusted comparison of mortality, rate of stroke and perioperative morbidity of aortic valve replacement (AVR) conducted through either partial ministernotomy or conventional sternotomy. Between July 2009 ...
Rippy E E EE Breast, Endocrine and Surgical Oncology Unit, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, 5000 SA, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Increasing emphasis is being placed on low mastectomy rates. Our objective was to investigate factors influencing rates of mastectomy and breast conserving surgery. A group of 171 patients (27%) who could have had breast conserving surgery (BCS) but chose mastectomy was identified as well as all patients who underwent BCS ...
Schmidt Maren M Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Campus Charité Mitte and Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Charité-University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
Aim of this study was to evaluate the association between preoperative health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and mortality in a cohort of elderly patients (>65 years) with gastrointestinal, gynecological and genitourinary carcinomas. Prospective cohort pilot study. Tertiary university hospital in Germany. Between June 2008 and July 2010 and after ethical ...
Saboor Aftab S A SA Division of Metabolic and Vascular Health, Warwick Medical School, The University of Warwick, Clinical Sciences Research Laboratories, Clinical Sciences Building, University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire, Clifford Bridge Road, Coventry, CV2 2DX, - - 2014
There is uncertainty regarding preoperative predictors of a successful outcome for bariatric surgery (BarSurg), on which to determine appropriateness for such a procedure. Our aims were to identify preoperative clinical and psychosocial predictors of success following BarSurg and to explore the influence of body mass index (BMI) on these parameters. ...
Loizou Christos C Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Otorhinolaryngology, Umeå - - 2014
Abstract Conclusion: The frequency of operations, age at onset, gender and subtype of the human papilloma virus (HPV) may be used as factors to predict voice disability. Objectives: Patients with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) are characterized by morbid consequences due to a lifelong repetitive influence on voice and breathing ability ...
Shimizu Nobutaka N Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Kinki University, 377-2 Ohno-Higashi, Osaka-Sayama, Osaka, 589-8511, Japan, - - 2014
The purpose of the study is to investigate the efficacy of an alpha-1 adrenergic receptor antagonist (silodosin) for the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) associated with interstitial (125)I implantation for prostate cancer. This randomized single-center study involved 105 patients (53 with and 52 without silodosin). Silodosin was postoperatively ...
McAllister David R DR Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, - - 2014
The aim of the article is to identify demographic and intraoperative factors that predict patient-oriented outcomes as measured by knee-specific and general quality of life (QoL) questionnaires for chronic, unilateral primary anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears following surgical reconstruction. A total of 69 patients were prospectively evaluated using the Medical ...
Elmalem Sophie S Gérontopôle, Service de Médecine Interne Gériatrique du Pr B. Vellas, CHU Toulouse Hôpital Casselardit, Toulouse, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Severe aortic stenosis may affect both normal daily living and survival. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has become an appropriate alternative to surgery for elderly patients with high surgical risk, and it results in improved survival in this population. To describe health-related quality of life (QoL) before, and at 1 ...
Duclos Julie J Department of Digestive Surgery, Saint-Antoine Hospital (AP-HP), University Pierre & Marie Curie, Paris VI, Paris, 75012, - - 2014
Total/subtotal colectomy with ileorectal (IRA) or ileosigmoid (ISA) anastomosis is associated with various reported rates of morbidity, function and quality of life (QoL). Our object was to determine these end points in a series of patients undergoing these operations in our institution. All patients who underwent IRA or ISA between ...
Rayas Maria Socorro MS Division of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes, University of Texas Health Science Center in San Antonio, San Antonio, - - 2014
To determine whether implementation of a standardized, clinic-based algorithm improves compliance with cystic fibrosis-related diabetes (CFRD) screening guidelines. A CFRD screening algorithm was developed as part of a quality improvement initiative through collaboration between the pediatric pulmonary and endocrine divisions and implemented prospectively to children aged 8-17 years in our ...
Wilkin Geoffrey G Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Ottawa Hospital, 501 Smyth Road, Ottawa, ON K1H 8L6, Canada. E-mail address for P.E. Beaulé: - - 2014
Hip arthroscopy is being performed with expanding indications, commonly including symptomatic labral tears. The effects of various patient factors, including patient age, on clinical outcomes are not well understood. The purpose of the present study was to quantify the postoperative functional and quality-of-life outcomes after arthroscopic debridement of symptomatic labral ...
Chen Allen M AM Departments of Radiation Oncology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, - - 2014
Purpose: To compare patient-reported and objective outcomes between patients treated by initial transoral resection versus definitive chemoradiotherapy for oropharynx cancer Materials and Methods: Thirty-one patients with oropharynx cancer treated by initial transoral CO2 laser microsurgery (N=16) or robotic surgery (N=15) followed by postoperative radiotherapy were identified. Each was matched to ...
Uymaz Barış B Clinic of Cardiovascular Surgery, TOBB University Medical Center, Ankara-Turkey. - - 2014
Minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) for revascularization of the left anterior descending artery has become a routine operation. We present our clinical experiences with beating heart MIDCAB surgery performed through partial lower sternotomy (PLS) and retrospectively compare the results of pain perception as well as activities of daily ...
Yu Chia-Wei - - 2014
Vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) constitute a major health care problem, not only because of their high incidence but also because of their direct and indirect negative impacts on both patients' health-related quality of life and costs to the health care system. Two minimally invasive surgical approaches were developed for the ...
Kilpatrick Lauren A LA Arkansas Children's Hospital, University of Arkansas Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Disturbances in breathing or feeding may profoundly affect parental perceptions of a newborn's health. Previous research into quality of life for patients with laryngomalacia is limited to retrospective analysis. The purpose of this study is to prospectively evaluate the quality of life of families of infants with laryngomalacia and the ...
Young J M JM Cancer Epidemiology and Cancer Services Research, Sydney School of Public Health, Sydney, Australia; Surgical Outcomes Research Centre, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
Pelvic exenteration is highly radical surgery offering the only potential cure for locally advanced pelvic cancer. This study compared quality of life and other relevant patient-reported outcomes over 12 months for patients who did and those who did not undergo pelvic exenteration. Consecutive patients referred for consideration of pelvic exenteration completed ...
Pavlides Michael M Translational Gastroenterology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2014
Outcomes after ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) are not well established in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). We conducted a comprehensive outcomes assessment in these patients. A retrospective case note review of complications in all PSC-IPAA (n=21) and matched ulcerative colitis patients with IPAA (UC-IPAA; n=79) after surgery in ...
Luque Rafael R Department of Orthopaedics, Hospital Clinico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain, - - 2014
We used the Optetrak Condylar Constrained (CCK) implant, a modular and constrained knee implant as replacement for a failed primary arthroplasty, to assess the survivorship, the complications, the clinical, radiological, and functional situation, and the quality of life of those patients in whom a CCK had been implanted in recent ...
Romman Adam A UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, - - 2014
To report our experience with vestibular flap urethroplasty in case of recurrence of distal intramural urethral pathology (DIU) after unsuccessful urethral dilation under anesthesia. Following Independent Review Board approval, charts of non-neurogenic women who underwent urethroplasty for DIU were reviewed. Vestibular flap urethroplasty was offered to patients who failed one ...
Hardie Andrew D AD Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Medical University of South Carolina, 169 Ashley Avenue, Charleston, SC, 29425, USA, - - 2014
Deep brachial intravenous catheter (IV) placement can be performed in emergency department patients with difficult vascular access, but the safety of deep brachial IV for iodinated contrast administration has not been assessed. This study compares the relative risk for extravasation of deep brachial IV compared with antecubital IV during power ...
Kim Yong-Deok YD Dong-A University College of Medicine, Busan 602-715 - - 2014
Readmission after gastrectomy is one of the factors that reflect quality of life. Therefore, we analyzed the several factors related to readmissions after total gastrectomy for early gastric cancer. From January 2002 through December 2009, 102 consecutive patients who underwent radical total gastrectomy for early gastric cancer were enrolled in ...
Whelan Daniel B DB Department of Surgery, St Michael's Hospital and University of Toronto, 55 Queen Street East (800), Toronto, ON, M5C 1R6, Canada, - - 2014
The traditional treatment for primary anterior shoulder dislocations has been immobilization in a sling with the arm in a position of adduction and internal rotation. However, recent basic science and clinical data have suggested recurrent instability may be reduced with immobilization in external rotation after primary shoulder dislocation. We performed ...
Ramos Laura L Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital Universitario de Canarias, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de La Laguna, La Laguna, Tenerife, - - 2014
Standard bowel cleansing for colon capsule endoscopy (CCE) requires a liquid diet and bowel laxatives for at least 2 days, which is a major drawback of this procedure and affects tolerance and acceptability. To compare the quality of colon cleanliness achieved with one-day versus two-day bowel preparation in outpatients undergoing ...
Knipfer Christian - - 2014
Purpose: Tooth loss and its prosthetic rehabilitation significantly affect speech intelligibility. However, little is known about the influence of speech deficiencies on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). The aim of this study was to investigate whether speech intelligibility enhancement through prosthetic rehabilitation significantly influences OHRQoL in patients wearing complete ...
Dixon S S North Bristol NHS Trust, UK. - - 2014
The Triathlon(®) (Stryker, Kalamazoo, MI, US) total knee replacement was designed to improve patient function and survivorship. The aim of this study was to determine whether the Triathlon(®) prosthesis produces better patient reported outcomes than a previous design by the same manufacturer, the Kinemax Plus. The outcome of 233 knees ...
Bloomfield Michael R MR Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2014
Total hip replacement and total knee replacement are among the most successful and common surgical procedures in orthopaedics. These operations were traditionally reserved for older, sedentary patients. However, these are now being increasingly performed in patients expecting to return to athletic activities. The peer-reviewed medical literature was searched via PubMed ...
Nesbitt Craig - - 2014
Minimally invasive techniques to treat great saphenous varicose veins include ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy (USGFS), radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and endovenous laser therapy (EVLT). Compared with conventional surgery (high ligation and stripping (HL/S)), proposed benefits include fewer complications, quicker return to work, improved quality of life (QoL) scores, reduced need for general ...
Prabhu William W Fellow in Cardiology at The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown - - 2014
In patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis, surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) improves survival, quality of life, and functional status compared with medical therapy. Based on the results of the randomized PARTNER Trial, Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) using the Edwards Sapien balloon expandable valve is now available in the ...
Graham Jove J Geisinger Center for Health Research, 100 N, Academy Ave,, Danville PA 17822, USA. - - 2014
Hip fracture patients experience high morbidity and mortality rates in the first post-operative year after discharge. We compared mortality, utilization, costs, pain and function between two prospective cohorts of hip fracture patients, both managed with identical perioperative protocols and one group subsequently managed via a "Patient-Centered Medical Home" (PCMH) primary ...
Patanwala Asad E AE The Department of Pharmacy Practice & Science, College of Pharmacy, University of Arizona, Tucson, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to compare first-pass intubation success between patients who received etomidate versus ketamine for rapid sequence intubation (RSI) in the emergency department (ED). This was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data recorded in a quality improvement database between July 1, 2007, and December 31, ...
Zhang Chong-Yu - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy of nephrostomy balloon dilation (NBD) for patients who developed vesicourethral anastomotic stricture (VAS) following radical prostatectomy. NBD was performed in patients who developed VAS following radical prostatectomy. Quality of life (QoL), International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and maximal urinary flow rate (Qmax) were evaluated. Four hundred ...
Khanam R A RA Dr Rawshan Ara Khanam, Associate Professor, Department of Gynae & Obs, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh; E-mail: - - 2014
Pelvic organ prolapse is a common morbidity among Bangladeshi women. Both patient and surgeon prefer vaginal hysterectomy for the treatment of this condition and occasionally they choose Fothergill's operation. Uterine suspension is suitable for the young women to preserve the uterus. This observational study was carried out in three teaching ...
Shakeri Saeed S Urology and Nephrology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy of intradetrusor Dysport (a type of botulinum toxin type A) injection in patients with idiopathic or neurogenic detrusor overactivity, who were refractory to antimuscarinic drugs, and to compare the efficacy of Dysport injection in both groups. Materials and Methods: Twelve patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) ...
Chang Chun C Department of Respiratory Medicine, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China - - 2014
Background When exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) occurs frequently, patients have high levels of airway and systemic inflammation and a poor quality of life. This study compared the nature and course of systemic and airway inflammation during AECOPD between patients who experienced frequent exacerbations and those with non-frequent ...
Liu Junle J Anesthesia and Operation Center, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital and Medical School of Chinese People's Liberation Army, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2014
Both peripheral nerve blocks with sedation or general anesthesia can be used for total knee replacement surgery. We compared these anesthetic techniques on the postoperative quality of recovery early in elderly patients. In our study, 213 patients who were ≥65 years old and undergoing total knee replacement were randomized to ...
Kaczmarek Wiesław W Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Poznań University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, - - 2014
Background Many various surveys are used to assess quality of life of patients with hip osteoarthritis, but none of them evaluates quality of life dependent on a single joint in bilateral disease. Aim. Development and preliminary validation of hip-specific quality of life survey (HSS) of patients with hip osteoarthritis.  Material ...
Kourlaba Georgia G The Stavros Niarchos Foundation-Collaborative Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Outcomes Research (CLEO), Thivon & Papadiamantopoulou, Goudi, Athens 115 27, Greece. - - 2014
To undertake an economic evaluation of rivaroxaban relative to the standard of care for stroke prevention in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) in Greece. An existing Markov model designed to reflect the natural progression of AF patients through different health states, in the course of three month cycles, was ...
Desai Aravind A Cumberland Infirmary, North Cumbria University Hospital Trust, Carlisle, - - 2014
Pyrocarbon arthroplasty of the proximal interphalangeal joint (PIPJ) has been reported to provide excellent pain relief when treating osteoarthritis of the hand. We retrospectively reviewed 20 PIPJ arthroplasties performed on 14 patients by a single surgeon using Ascension prosthesis. The mean follow up period was 3.5 years (range 1-7 years). ...
Thorén Emma E Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Institution of Surgical Sciences, Uppsala, - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of concomitant cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) on health related quality of life (QoL) in patients with heart failure (HF) and ventricular dyssynchrony undergoing cardiac surgery. Twenty-eight patients received permanent epicardial CRT in connection to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and/or aortic valve replacement (AVR) (CRT group). ...
Guo Xiaohong X 0000-0001-6251-9367 Cataract Division 1, State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-Sen University, No. 54 South Xianlie Road, Guangzhou 510060, China ; Department of Ophthalmology, Henan Provincial People's Hospital, Zhengzhou 450003, - - 2014
Purpose. To evaluate 2-year visual acuities and questionnaire after bilateral implantation of SN6AD1 multifocal intraocular lens (MIOL) or SN60WF IOL. Methods. Patients randomly scheduled for bilateral implantation of SN6AD1 MIOL and SN60WF IOL with 2-year follow-up were enrolled. Uncorrected/corrected distance and near visual acuity, uncorrected intermediate visual acuity at 63 cm ...
Naito Mariko M Department of Preventive Medicine, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya 466-8550, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the 1-year period prevalence of oral aphthous ulcers (OAUs) and their association with oral health-related quality of life (OHQOL) in patients with Behçet's disease (BD) and in the general population. In this cross-sectional study, 675 patients with Behçet's disease (BD group) and ...
Kotarska Katarzyna K Department of Physical Culture and Health Promotion, University of Szczecin, 70 067 Szczecin, - - 2014
Background/Aim. With the improvement of the outcomes after liver transplantation (LTx), health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and physical activity are becoming significant outcome parameters. We prospectively assessed these parameters in patients with autoimmune and nonautoimmune liver disorders undergoing LTx. Materials and Methods. Patients (n = 107) were subdivided into 3 ...
Ekinci Yakup Y Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Erciyes University, Faculty of Medicine, Kayseri, Turkey. - - 2014
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty (BTKA) and unilateral total knee arthroplasty (UTKA) in terms of morbidity, clinical and radiological findings and quality of life. Methods: The study included 48 simultaneous BTKAs (46 females, 2 males; mean age: 64.00±8.31 years) and 53 ...
Chan Siu Ling SL The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hongkong. - - 2014
It has been proposed that in-brace correction is the best guideline for prediction of the results of brace treatment for patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS). However, bracing may be a stressful experience for patients and bracing non-compliance could be psychologically related. The purpose of this study was to assess ...
Ferrari Renata - - 2014
Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a relevant complication after cardiac surgery that affects patient outcome. The study aims was to prospectively evaluate neurocognitive functions, quality of life (QoL) and psychological distress following minimally invasive mitral valve (MV) repair. A total of 98 consecutive patients (64 males, 34 females; mean age ...
Nechvatal P - - 2014
Objective: The aim of this paper is to determine whether standard spa treatment significantly affects disability, functional status, and quality of life of patients after surgery of intervertebral discs in the cervical spine.Material and methods: The study was performed in patients who underwent an artificial intervertebral disc replacement in the ...
Gonder John R JR Ivey Eye Institute, St. Joseph's Health Centre, 268 Grosvenor Street, London, ON, Canada N6A - - 2014
Purpose. To characterize the economic and quality of life burden of diabetic macular edema (DME) in Canadian patients. Patients and Methods. 145 patients with DME were followed for 6 months with monthly telephone interviews and medical chart reviews at months 0, 3, and 6. Visual acuity in the worst-seeing eye ...
Lam Nicholas C K NC Department of Anesthesiology & Critical Care Medicine, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, - - 2014
Background. For hand surgery, brachial plexus blocks provide effective anesthesia but produce undesirable numbness. We hypothesized that distal peripheral nerve blocks will better preserve motor function while providing effective anesthesia. Methods. Adult subjects who were scheduled for elective ambulatory hand surgery under regional anesthesia and sedation were recruited and randomly ...
Gentile Maurizio - - 2014
"Outlet obstruction" is a complex functional disorder compelling patients to exhausting uneffective attempts to void. This study was designed to compare the effectiveness and a safety of the endorectal proctopexy (internal Delorme) vs STARR procedure in two groups of patients. A total of 66 patients with rectocele and associated mucosal ...
Elsharif Mohamed M Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Doncaster Royal Infirmary, Doncaster, United - - 2014
Background Carpal tunnel syndrome is traditionally treated with open release through a long palmar incision, which leaves some patients with pillar pain and scar tenderness. The Knifelight (Stryker, Kalamazoo, MI) is an exciting new instrument that allows minimally invasive release of the transcarpal ligament without subjecting the patient to the ...
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