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Results 151 - 200 of 2091
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Taylor Matthew M York Health Economics Consortium Ltd, University of York, York, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: This study compares the cost-effectiveness of intravitreal ranibizumab versus observation and/or laser photocoagulation for treatment of macular oedema secondary to retinal vein occlusion in a UK-based model. Methods: A Markov model was constructed using transition probabilities and frequency of adverse events derived using data from the BRAVO, CRUISE ...
Rahangdale Rohit R From the Department of Anesthesiology, Northwestern University, Chicago, - - 2014
Perineural dexamethasone has been investigated as an adjuvant for brachial plexus nerve blocks, but it is not known whether the beneficial effect of perineural dexamethasone on analgesia duration leads to a better quality of surgical recovery. We hypothesized that patients receiving dexamethasone would have a better quality of recovery than ...
Drefus Lisa C LC Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 East 70th Street, New York, NY 10021, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a distal rectus femoris tenotomy on function and gait in adults with cerebral palsy who had diminished knee flexion during swing. A stiff knee gait pattern is commonly seen in individuals with cerebral palsy and frequently leads to tripping ...
Russell Marcia M MM *National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP) Operations and Biostatistical Centers, Pittsburgh, PA †David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Los Angeles, CA ‡UCLA Schools of Medicine & Public Health and Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California, Los Angeles, CA §University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health Department of Biostatistics, Pittsburgh, PA ∥UCLA, Los Angeles, CA ¶Kaiser Permanente Oncology Clinical Trials, Northern California, Vallejo, CA **Southeast Cancer Control Consortium CCOP, Goldsboro, NC ††University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA ‡‡Missouri Valley Cancer Consortium CCOP, Omaha, NE §§Beaumont Hospital System, Royal Oak, MI ∥∥Florida Cancer Specialists, Sarasota, FL ¶¶Montana Cancer Consortium, Billings, MT ***Helen F. Graham Cancer Center, Newark, DE †††Glendale Memorial Hospital and Health Center, Glendale, CA ‡‡‡Allegheny Cancer Center at Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP) R-04 was a randomized controlled trial of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in patients with resectable stage II-III rectal cancer. We hypothesized that patients who underwent abdominoperineal resection (APR) would have a poorer quality of life than those who underwent sphincter-sparing surgery (SSS). To obtain ...
Enatsu Noritoshi N Division of Urology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the outcome of microsurgical varicocelectomy in infertile men with severe oligozoospermia and to identify the predictive parameters associated with the efficacy of microsurgical varicocelectomy in this cohort of patients. This study included 102 consecutive severe oligozoospermic patients who underwent microsurgical varicocelectomy between 2000 and 2013. The significance of ...
Magklara Eleni E 1School of Psychology, Bangor University, - - 2014
Objective:To investigate the role of self-efficacy in functional recovery and well-being outcomes in osteoarthritis patients, undergoing hip or knee replacement surgery.Data sources:Studies were identified using MEDLINE via PUB med, PsycINFO and CINAHL from inception to July 2013.Methods:Three search strategies that combined key terms of 'self-efficacy', 'functional recovery', 'well-being' and 'joint ...
Bachmann Kai K Department of General, Visceral, and Thoracic Surgery, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Chronic pancreatitis is a chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by progressive fibrosis of pancreatic tissue. The principal symptom is chronic pain resulting in reduced quality of life and inability to work. Short-term follow-up has shown that duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resections (DPPHRs) are superior in outcomes to pancreaticoduodenectomy. Therefore, these organ-sparing procedures ...
Babalik A A Department of Pulmonology, Sureyyapasa Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Istanbul has the highest incidence of tuberculosis (TB) in Turkey. It is also the largest city, with considerable differences in quality of life across its urban regions. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between (i) the diverse quality of life across specific urban regions, (ii) TB ...
van de Vlekkert Janneke J Department of Neurology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, - - 2014
The aim of this work is to evaluate disease-related mortality and the course of the disease including functional outcome and quality of life. We did a follow-up study on a large prospective cohort of 62 patients with subacute-onset idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM) (dermatomyositis (n = 24), nonspecific myositis (n = 34), necrotizing autoimmune myopathy ...
Kemp Joanne L JL School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
This study aimed to describe chondropathy prevalence in adults who had undergone hip arthroscopy for hip pain. The relationships between chondropathy severity and (1) participant characteristics; and (2) patient-reported outcomes (PROs) at initial assessment (∼18 months postsurgery) and over a further 12 months (∼30 months postsurgery) were evaluated. Finally, the ...
de Buck van Overstraeten A A Department of Abdominal Surgery, University Hospital Gasthuisberg Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
A long-lasting good functional outcome of the pelvic pouch and a subsequent satisfying quality of life (QoL) are mandatory. Long-term functional outcome and QoL in a single-center cohort were assessed. A questionnaire was sent to all patients with an IPAA for UC, operated between 1990 and 2010 in our department. ...
Sauer Nina N Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf Interdisziplinäre Endokrinologie/Hypophysenchirurgie, Martinistr. 52, 20246 Hamburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Data suggests that substitution of GH in GH-deficient patients may improve quality-of-life and reduce insufficiency-associated-symptoms. Unlike in corticotroph, thyreotroph, or gonadotroph-insufficiency, GH-substitution is usually not started within the first 6-12months after surgery. We aimed to investigate the effect of early-GH-substitution on body-composition, metabolic and pituitary-laboratory-tests, and quality-of-life. Data was reviewed ...
Téllez-Ávila Félix I FI Department of Endoscopy, National Institute of Medical Sciences and Nutrition Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City, - - 2014
To compare the efficacy and tolerability of a low-volume (2-L) polyethylene glycol (PEG) regimen for colonoscopy compared to single (4-L) or split-dose (2-L + 2-L) regimens. In-hospital patients who were candidates for colonoscopy were randomly assigned to: group 1 single-dose (PEG 4 L the day before the study, n = 60); group 2: split-dose (2 L ...
Henriksson Martin - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: To evaluate costs and health outcomes of treating patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) for 12 months with ticagrelor compared with generic clopidogrel in Sweden and Denmark. Design: Decision-analytic model to estimate lifetime costs, life-expectancy and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) with ticagrelor and clopidogrel. Event rates, healthcare resource ...
Jens S S Department of Radiology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate 1 to 36 month follow-up outcomes of different endovascular treatment strategies in above-the-knee (ATK) arterial segments in patients with intermittent claudication (IC) and critical limb ischemia (CLI). Studies indexed in Medline and Embase from 1980 to November 2013 of randomized controlled trials comparing balloon angioplasty (PTA) or drug-eluting ...
Pol Robert A RA Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study determined outcome and quality of life (QOL) in octogenarians, compared with patients aged <80 years, 1 year after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). From March 2009 until April 2011, 1263 patients in the Endurant Stent Graft Natural Selection Global Postmarket Registry (ENGAGE) registry with an abdominal aortic aneurysm were treated with ...
Chung Jacqueline P W JP Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, New Territories, Hong Kong. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the effects of 4-month treatment of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) and Diane-35 on the clinical and biochemical features of hyperandrogenism and quality of life of adolescent girls with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). A prospective, randomized, cross-over study. An accredited pediatric and adolescent gynecology clinic of a university-affiliated tertiary hospital. ...
Jens S S Department of Radiology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate 1 to 48 month follow-up outcomes of different endovascular treatment strategies in below-the-knee (BTK) arterial segments in critical limb ischemia (CLI) patients. Medline and Embase were searched (last searched on 5 November 2013) for studies of randomized controlled trials comparing either balloon angioplasty (PTA) or drug-eluting balloon (DEB) ...
Bright Adam S AS , 1950 Arlington Street, #111, Sarasota, FL, 34242, - - 2014
Limb lengthening by callus distraction is commonly performed with the use of external fixation. Lengthening is routinely performed by the patient through small increments throughout the course of a day. Ilizarov has shown that both the rate and frequency of distraction are important factors in the quality of osteogenesis. We ...
Kopylov Uri U Uri Kopylov, Shomron Ben-Horin, Lior Katz, Department of Gastroenterology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Ramat Gan 5262, - - 2014
To evaluate the impact of antiviral treatment on cytomegalovirus (CMV)-positive ulcerative colitis patients. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis (MA) of comparative cohort and case-control studies published between January 1966 and March 2013. Studies focusing on colectomy series and studies including only less than 3 patients in the treated ...
Datta Jashodeep J Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) following esophagectomy is a debilitating complication. Rarely, failure of postoperative endoscopic therapy may necessitate rescue pyloroplasty (rPP). We conducted a retrospective, single-institution review of rPP for post-esophagectomy DGE from 2000 to 2013. Pre- and postoperative symptoms and pharmacologic use were examined. "Successful" rPP was defined as ...
Fleischut Peter M PM 1Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, - - 2014
Anesthetic practice utilization and related characteristics of total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) are understudied. The research team sought to characterize anesthesia practice patterns by utilizing National Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry data of the Anesthesia Quality Institute. The proportions of primary TKAs performed between January 2010 and June 2013 using general anesthesia ...
Jiang Chenyan C Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, affiliated with Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine and Otolaryngology Institute of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Empty nose syndrome (ENS) is an iatrogenic disorder, which severely affects the normal nasal breathing function. People affected by ENS may experience decreased productivity and lifestyle disruption. The 20-Item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-20) is a validated quality-of-life measurement and can be used to compare before and after intervention outcomes. ...
Withers Kathleen L KL Cedar, Cardiff and Vale University Health Board, Cardiff Medicentre, Heath Park, Cardiff, CF14 4UJ, - - 2014
To assess the feasibility of administering Patient Reported Outcomes Measures (PROMs) in patients treated with ablation for cardiac arrhythmias, and to conduct the first stage of development and testing of a new PROM tool.METHODS AND RESULTS: A new tool was developed by a multidisciplinary team and tested alongside an adaptation ...
Granan Lars-Petter LP Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway, - - 2014
First, to evaluate whether the 2 year post-operative Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) in primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions (ACLRs) was significantly different between patients that did not go on to have a subsequent revision after the 2 year post-operative control and the ones that did. Second, to test whether ...
Tse Lurdes L Department of Anesthesiology, Pharmacology & Therapeutics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2014
Mobility issues in the early postoperative period result in poor functional outcomes and diminished quality of life for patients of advanced age. We determined the incidence of and risk factors for mobility issues in the early postoperative period in patients receiving open heart cardiac surgery. A retrospective chart review was ...
Dimitroulis G G Maxillofacial Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, St. Vincent's Hospital Melbourne, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine whether there are any differences between condylectomy, rib grafts, and prosthetic joints (Biomet TMJ stock prosthesis) with regard to outcomes for patients with end-stage temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disease. Fifty-six of a total 127 patients who presented with category 5 end-stage TMJ disease ...
Salazar-Álvarez A E AE Servicio de Angiología y Cirugía Vascular, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is used as an adjuvant in the treatment of chronic ulcers of the lower extremity and has shown particularly promising results in the case of neuropathic ulcers. There has been less research, however, into its use in venous and hypertensive ulcers. Our aim was to assess the ...
Kurfirst Vojt Ch - - 2014
Factors influencing the postoperative health-related quality of life (HRQOL) after cardiac surgery have not been well described yet, mainly in the older people. The study's aim was to explore differences in clinical conditions and HRQOL of patients before and after cardiac surgery taking into account the influence of age and ...
Nano G G Operative Unit of Vascular Surgery, First Division, IRCCS Policlinico San Donato, University of, Milan, San Donato Milanese (Milan, - - 2014
We report our retrospective experience about post-implantation syndrome (PIS) after the use of the Anaconda(TM) endograft in patients undergoing elective endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (EVAR). Data of all patients undergoing elective EVAR between May 2000 and June 2013 using the Anaconda(TM) endograft were retrospectively reviewed and outcomes analyzed. ...
Landry Gregory J GJ Division of Vascular Surgery, Knight Cardiovascular Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Ore. Electronic address: - - 2014
Outcomes of revascularization for critical limb ischemia (CLI) have historically been patency, limb salvage, and survival. Functional status and quality of life have not been well described. This study used functional and quality of life assessments to measure patient-centered outcomes after revascularization for CLI. The study observed 18 patients (age, ...
Forlee Martin M Dr Matley and Partners, Cape Town, South Africa; Department of Surgery, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South - - 2014
This study investigated the performance of a new gelling fibre dressing containing silver (DURAFIBER™ Ag; Smith & Nephew, Hull, UK) in moderate to highly exuding venous leg ulcers with one or more clinical signs of infection. Fourteen patients with venous leg ulceration of median ulcer duration 12·5 weeks, recruited from three ...
Klimczak Artur A Department of Electrocardiology, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to ascertain whether individual atrioventricular delay (AVD) optimization using impedance cardiography (ICG) offers beneficial hemodynamic effects as well as improved exercise tolerance and quality of life in patients with requiring constant right ventricular pacing. There were 37 patients with advanced AV block included in ...
Madhu Chendrimada C Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Southmead Hospital, Westbury-on-Trym, Bristol, BS10 5NB, UK, - - 2014
Variations exist in urogynaecological practice to decide on hysterectomy in managing prolapse. This study evaluates the outcomes of uterine preservation during anterior colporrhaphy with apparent uterine descent with cervical traction under anaesthesia. We hypothesize that cervical traction should not be used to assess uterine prolapse. Thirty-five women opting for surgery ...
Wallis Jason A JA School of Allied Health, La Trobe University , Melbourne , Australia - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To determine if a pre-operative group rehabilitation programme can improve arthritis self-efficacy for people with severe hip and knee osteoarthritis. Method: Single group, repeated measures design: 4-week baseline phase followed by a 6-week intervention phase of water exercise, and education with self-management strategies. The primary outcome was arthritis ...
Mohtadi Nicholas G H NG University of Calgary Sport Medicine Centre, 2500 University Drive N.W., Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada. E-mail address for N.G.H. Mohtadi: - - 2014
The literature comparing open and arthroscopic repair for glenohumeral instability is conflicting. We performed a prospective, expertise-based, randomized clinical trial to compare open shoulder stabilization with arthroscopic shoulder stabilization by measuring quality-of-life outcomes and recurrence rates at two years among patients treated for traumatic anterior shoulder instability. Computer-generated, variable-block-size, concealed ...
Micu Mihaela C MC Division of Rheumatology, Department of Rehabilitation II, Clinical Rehabilitation Hospital, Assisted Reproduction Department, Gynecology I Clinic, Department of Medical Informatics and Biostatistics, Iuliu HaŢieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania and National Center of Pregnancy and Rheumatic Disease, Department of Rheumatology, Trondheim University Hospital, Trondheim and Sörlandet Sykehus, Kristiansand, - - 2014
Objective. The aim of this study was to study the influence of active disease status and TNF-α antagonists on sperm quality in a group of AS patients.Methods. Twenty-three active AS patients and 42 controls were recruited. Patients' sperm samples were analysed at baseline (previous to) and at 3-6 months after ...
Wu Keliang K Centre for Reproductive Medicine, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, 250021, - - 2014
To evaluate the relationship between day 3 embryo quality and nucleus spreading rate/signal resolution rate in Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) during the PGD procedure. This study was a retrospective data analysis. 367 day-3 embryos were classified based on morphological scoring: grade 1 to grade 4 were defined from worse ...
Dale Christopher R CR University of Washington, Pulmonary and Critical Care, Snoqualmie, Washington, United States ; - - 2014
Purpose: Introduction of sedation protocols has been associated with improved patient outcomes. It is not known if an update to an existing high quality sedation protocol, featuring increased patient assessment and reduced benzodiazepine exposure is associated with improved patient Process and Outcome quality metrics. Methods: Observational before (n = 703) ...
Robinett Zachary N ZN Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, - - 2014
To compare long-term quality-of-life outcomes in vestibular schwannoma patients managed with observation, microsurgery, or stereotactic radiation. ross-sectional survey with retrospective chart review. Tertiary care center. The Penn Acoustic Neuroma Quality of Life (PANQOL) survey was mailed to 600 patients treated for vestibular schwannoma. Patients were separated by treatment and subsequently ...
Grzymala-Lubanski Bartosz B Internal medicine, Sundsvall Hospital, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Every year about 2500 patients in Sweden undergo surgery due to heart valve disease. A mechanical heart valve prosthesis causes risk of thromboembolic stroke or thrombus formation in the valve while anticoagulant treatment increases the risk of bleeding. Treatment quality with warfarin is crucial for patients with mechanical valve prostheses. ...
Cantone Elena E Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive and Odontostomatologic Science, ENT Unit, "Federico II" University, Naples, Italy; Department of Molecular Medicine and Medical Biotechnology, "Federico II" University, Naples, - - 2014
Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) has become the treatment of choice for patients with medically resistant chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and nasal polyps. Despite the consolidated use of different treatments, the postoperative period is often very painful and uncomfortable, especially during the first month. Although evidence on the effectiveness of sodium ...
Lewis Christa C From the *Division of Urogynecology and Reconstructive Pelvic Surgery, Atlantic Health System, Morristown, NJ; and †College of Science and Mathematics, Kennesaw State University, Kennesaw, - - 2014
This study aimed to determine bowel function changes 12 months after robotic sacrocolpopexy. We performed a single-center prospective cohort study evaluating bowel function 12 months after robotic sacrocolpopexy between 2007 and 2011. Bowel function symptoms were measured by the Colorectal-Anal Distress Inventory, Short Form 8 (CRADI-8). Specific impacts on quality ...
Penttinen Heidi H Department of Oncology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, P.O.Box 180, 00029 HUS, Finland. - - 2014
Aim: To investigate whether the negative quality of life result of a large randomized exercise intervention study (BREX) was due to considerable spontaneous recovery after adjuvant treatments. The change in QoL was studied in the control patients of the BREX study (Group 1) and a group of similar follow-up patients ...
Ghazaly Mohamed M Royal Free Hospital Trust and Royal Free, University College School of Medicine, London, United - - 2014
Background-Conventional orthotopic liver transplant includes resection of the recipient's native liver, together with the retrohepatic inferior vena cava, whereas with the piggyback technique, the recipient's vena cava is preserved and the donor's vena cava is anastomosed with the recipient's hepatic veins. So the caval flow is maintained during explantation, but ...
Yeung Joyce J Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham Heartlands Hospital, Birmingham, B9 5SS; University of Birmingham, School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Birmingham B15 - - 2014
Minimising interruptions in chest compressions is associated with improved survival from cardiac arrest. Current in-hospital guidelines recommend continuous chest compressions after the airway is secured on the premise that this will reduce no flow time. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of advanced airway use on ...
Ruiz Carmona M Dolores MD Servicio de Cirugía General y Digestiva, Hospital de Sagunto, Valencia, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study is to report our experience with sacral nerve stimulation for the treatment of severe faecal incontinence after the first 10 years with this technique. Between 2001 and 2011, 49 patients with severe faecal incontinence underwent sacral nerve stimulation. Anorectal manometry, endoanal ultrasound and pudendal nerve ...
Valle M Frances MF School of Nursing, University of Maryland, Baltimore, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature on the benefits and harms of advanced wound dressings on wound healing, mortality, quality of life, pain, condition of the wound bed, and adverse events for patients with chronic venous leg ulcers as compared with treatment with compression alone. ...
Efthimiadis Georgios K GK Cardiomyopathies Center, First Cardiology Department, AHEPA University Hospital, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, - - 2014
Surgical septal myectomy is thought to be the gold standard of treatment for obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) with obstruction symptoms refractory to optimal medical therapy. In Europe, during the last 2 decades, myectomy has been set aside, while alcohol septal ablation has been widely promoted. In this paper, we analyze ...
Tollens Tim T Department of General and Abdominal Surgery Imelda Hospital Bonheiden, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to show the short- and long-term results of a lightweight self-adhering mesh, Adhesix®. Between February 2011 and April 2013, we prospectively collected data of 100 consecutive patients who underwent incisional or inguinal hernia repair. Mean follow-up time was 23 months (range 7-33 months). Mean ...
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